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Aberdeen University 
Studies : No. 29 

Record of the 



All the pulses of the world, 
Falling in, they beat for us, with the western movement beat; 
All the hands of comrades clasping, all the southern, all the northern, 

Holding single or together. 
We take up the task eternal, and the burden, and the lesson. 

Walt Whitman. 

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University of British Columbia Library 

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Record of the Celebration 

of the Ouatercentenary of the 

University of Aberdeen 


Edited by 

P. J. Anderson, M.A., LL.B. 

Librarian to the University 
and Clerk of the General Council 


A N official Record of the Quatercentenary Celebrations was^ 
■^~^ from the outset, on the programme of the Publications Com- 
mittee. The Committee thinks it right to make known that the 
issue of the Record in its present comprehensive form is due to 
the generosity of a member of the General Committee. 

The editor desires to express his acknowledgments to all who 
have furthered the completeness of the book ; more especially to his 
colleagues, Dr. Robert Walker and Mr. Donaldson Rose Thom, 
the joint Honorary Secretaries of the Quatercentenary Committees, 
without whose cordial co-operation the editing of a satisfactory 
Record would have been impossible ; to the other contributors of 
special chapters; and to three Alma-Maternal brothers. Colonel 
William Johnston, C.B., Mr. A. W. Farquhar, and Mr. W. Keith 
Leask — who have read proof-sheets and given many suggestions 
of value. 

The task of compiling a diary of the Celebrations was 
lightened by the excellence of the record supplied by the local 
daily newspapers, TAe Aberdeen Free Press and The Aberdeen 
Daily Journal. The account in the Free Press has been laid 
under especial contribution. Its reports of speeches were, as far 
as practicable, sent for correction to the speakers themselves, and 
proved to be of exceptional accuracy. The Addresses — other 
than those in Sanskrit, Arabic, and Japanese, which have been 
reproduced by photography — were transcribed for the press with 
great care by Miss Helen Paterson, Assistant Librarian. 



The Precedents i 

The Celebrations of 1895 9 

Preparatory steps : — 

Scheme of Organisation - - - - - - - - 22 

The Invitations ---------- 29 

The Programme -..------ 43 

Hospitality .-.-...--- 49 

The Publications - - - - - - - - - 50 

Tuesday, 25th September : — 

1. Commemoration Service - - - - - - - 55 

2. Academic Procession 66 

3. Reception of Delegates ------- 79 

4. Town Council Banquet - - - - - - - n8 

5. Torchlight Procession - - - - - - - - 131 

Wednesday, 26th September :— 

6. Conferring of Honorary Degrees - - - - - - 132 

7. Reception in the Library - - - - - - - 154 

8. Sports at King's College 163 

9. Reception in the Art Gallery - - - - - - - 167 

10. Students' Ball 170 

Thursday, 27th September: — 

11. Inauguration of the New Buildings - - - - - i73 

12. Reception by the Incorporated Trades ----- 188 

13. The Strathcona Banquet 191 

14. Display of Fireworks - - - - ^ - - - 209 
Friday, 28th September : — 

15. Excursions - - - - - - - - - - 210 

1 6. Reception at the Royal Infirmary - - - - - - 2 11 

17. At Home in Marischal College 213 

18. Students' Symposium 216 

25th to 28th September 223 





A. Ofificers of the University of Aberdeen, 25th September, 1906 - - 229 

B. List of Delegates and University Guests with the names of their Hosts 239 

C. List of Honorary Graduates of the University of Aberdeen who took 

part in the Celebrations --..... 269 

D. List of Aberdeen Students, Past and Present, who took part in the 

Celebrations ----..-.. 273 

E. Extra-Programme Events : — 

Sunday, 23rd September : — 

Service in College Chapel - - - - - - - 315 

Monday, 24th September : — 

S.R.C. Majority Dinner - - - - - - - 326 

Reception by the Women Students - - - - "337 

Dramatic Entertainment - - - - - - - 337 

Tuesday, 25 th September : — 

Grammar School Reception ------- •j.jS 

Women Students' At Home 343 

Dramatic Entertainment - - - - - - "343 

Wednesday, 26th September : — 

Society of Advocates' Luncheon ------ 344 

Medico-Chirurgical Society's Dinner - - - - - 345 

Thursday, 27th September : — 

Lord Provost's Luncheon ------- 346 

Women Students' At Home 350 

Medico-Chirurgical Society's Concert 350 

Friday, 28th September :— 

Students' Matinee - - - - - - - - 351 

Medico-Chirurgical Society's Dinner - - - - - 351 

F. Class Reunions ---------- 

G. Addresses presented by Universities and Learned Societies - - 353 

Universities of the United Kingdom (Oxford,^ Cambridge, St. 
Andrews, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Dublin, Durham, London, 
Manchester, Ireland, Wales, Birmingham, Liverpool, Leeds, 
Sheffield) 367 

Universities of the British Dominions beyond the Seas : — 

America (Dalhousie, MacGill, Toronto, Queen's, Manitoba) - 382 
Africa (Cape of Good Hope) 388 

' In order of seniority. 



Australia and New Zealand (Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, 

Tasmania, New Zealand, Otago) ----- 389 
India (Calcutta, Bombay, Madras, Allahabad) - - - 395 

Malta - 399 

Universities of Foreign Countries : — 

America (United States : Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Pennsyl- 
vania, Columbia, State of New York, Vermont, Michigan, 
Wisconsin, Johns Hopkins, Cornell, Clark, Leland Stanford 
Junior, Chicago) ....... 400 

America (South : Chile) 412 

Austria-Hungary (Prague [Bohemian], Prague [German], Cracow, 

Vienna, Graz, Innsbruck, Buda-Pesth) - - - - 413 
Belgium (Louvain, Ghent, Brussels) - - - - - 421 

Bulgaria (Sophia) - 424 

Denmark (Copenhagen) - - - - - - - 425 

France (Paris, Montpellier, Caen, Besan^on, Clermont, Lille, Lyon) 426 
Germany (Heidelberg, Wlirzburg, Leipzig, Rostock, Greifs- 
wald, Freiburg i. B., Munich, Tubingen, Halle-Wittenberg, 
Konigsberg, Jena, Strassburg, Giessen, Breslau, Gottingen, 

Erlangen, Berlin, Bonn) 433 

Holland (Leyden, Groningen, Utrecht, Amsterdam) - - 452 

Italy (Padua, Siena, Rome, Pa via) - - - - - 456 

Japan (Tokyo) --..----- 460 

Norway (Christiania) -------- 463 

Portugal (Coimbra) .-----.- 464 

Russia (Juriev-Dorpat, Finland, Kasan, Charcov, St. Petersburg, 

Kiev, Odessa) 465 

Servia (Belgrade) - - - ' 472 

Spain (Valladolid) - - - - - - - - 472 

Sweden (Upsala, Lund) - - - - - - - 473 

Switzerland (Basel, Zurich, Bern, Geneva) - - - - 475 

Aberdeen Graduates (Edinburgh, London, West Riding of Yorkshire, 

America, Australia, India) - - - - - - - 479 

Colleges and Learned Societies (Aberdeen, ^ Aberystwith, Amsterdam, 
Bangor, Beirut, Belfast, Bristol, Brussels, Calcutta, Cambridge, 
Cardiff, Copenhagen, Cork, Dublin, Edinburgh, England, Gal- 
way, Glasgow, Grahamstown, Halle, Hartford, Leipzig, London, 
Munich, Newcastle-on-Tyne, New Zealand, Oxford, Paris, 
' In alphabetical order. 



Philadelphia, Prague, Rome, St. Petersburg, Stockholm, Upsala, 

Vienna, Washington) -------- 48^ 

Acknowledgment of Addresses - - - - - - -558 

H. Replies to Invitations - - - - - - - - 559 

I. Anthem .-.-.-.--.. ^gg 

J- Poems 573 

K. Extract Minute of University Court - - - - - - 584 

L. Abstract of Cost 589 

M. Bibliography - - - - - - - - - - 591 

Index .-------..-. 601 


Letter of Invitation printed from blocks by Taylor and Henderson : from 

a design by Mr. William Kelly. (See p. 29) - - - Frontispiece 
1505-06, i.e., the Crown Tower of King's College: photogravure by 

Annan from a photograph by Mr, W. F. Webster - - - 55 
1905-06, i.e., the S.W. front of Marischal College: photogravure fiom a 

photograph by Hardie - - - - - - - i73 

The Principal reading the Address to His Majesty : photogravure from 

a photograph by Hardie - - - - - - - 183 

Their 'Majesties' Signatures, 27th September, 1906 - ' - - - 188 

The Chancellor, Lord Strathcona : photogravure from a photograph by 

Elliot & Fry 191 

Plan of the Strathcona Banquet 195 

Old Inscriptions from King's and Marischal Colleges . - - - 600 




THE nineteenth century was a century of revolution ; the whole tale of 
its break with the past is not less remarkable than the similar record 
of the sixteenth, although it witnessed no single violent and almost uni- 
versal rupture, but a long series of severed links. Yet, amid all this re- 
organisation, while institution after institution was suffering transformation 
into something new and strange, while the despised and neglected voice 
of the antiquary pleaded in vain for any permanent and substantial 
recognition of the claims of the past, there was one consideration of mere 
sentiment which exercised a somewhat unexpected influence upon the 
emotions of the generations. They would willingly build a sepulchre for 
this past which they had destroyed, and so the nineteenth century became 
the century of commemoration. The eagerness with which such suggestions 
were adopted was partly the result of these changes themselves, a psycho- 
logical reaction from the pleasures of iconoclasm, or, perhaps, a sacrifice 
gladly laid upon an altar which had been outraged not willingly but in 
obedience to the inevitable decrees of implacable fate. Partly, too, it was 
the result of the romantic revival of the early years of the century and of 
the sentimentality of its middle period ; two influences marked in this 
country by the publication of Waverley and the Christmas Carol. This 
commemorative impulse, whatever its origin, has had an ever-increasing 
scope, and the newspapers now begin the year with a list of centenaries 

and other "events" which will occur in its course. Some of these com- 



memorations have been remarkable both in their nature and in their 
results, and almost all have left a body of printed works of varied im- 
portance ; certainly the most prolific in this respect have been celebrations 
of the centenaries of learned societies. No institutions changed more 
during the century that is past: alike in outward organisation and in 
inward interest the Universities of to-day differ widely from those of a 
hundred years ago. Nor have any institutions been more anxious to 
retain by commemorative ritual what has ceased to be in stern fact. 
Jubilees and centenaries have become a regular feature of University life, 
and have left a permanent impression behind them, an appreciation of 
the reality and the value of historic continuity. 

Such festivals in Scotland originated in the last century ; in more 
historically minded countries, we can trace a simple commemoration at 
Tubingen or at Leyden, as a regular and normal occurrence. In Eng- 
land the origin of Oxford and Cambridge was lost in legend and romance, 
and the spirit of veneration was satisfied by the annual commemorations 
of College Founders, the College rather than the University being the 
bond of union. In Scotland the accidents of history had made rites and 
ceremonies suspected, although, at King's College, Aberdeen, we can find 
evidence of the celebration of the Founder's Day in the eighteenth 
century. It is not until the closing years of the nineteenth that the idea 
came to be really received and acted upon. The University of St. 
Andrews allowed to pass unnoticed its quatercentenary in 1811. The 
change of feeling is well illustrated by the University of Glasgow, which 
ignored its quatercentenary in 185 1, but celebrated its ninth jubilee in 
1901. The tercentenary of the University of Edinburgh, in 1884, 
was the first of these celebrations on a large scale in Scotland. 

By that time there were numerous precedents.^ The University of 
Leipsic had devoted four December days in 1809 to rejoicing over the 
fourth centenary of its foundation. The charm of the ceremonies seems 

' Cf. a series of articles (signed "J. M. A.") in the Scotsman of 29th March, and 2nd and 
5th April, 1884, from which the present writer has derived much information. 


to have lain in their simplicity ; it was a great family gathering of 
Leipsic men, with a comparatively small number of guests. The central 
feature was an hour's procession to the University Church, where a 
thanksgiving service was held. To the banquet, which followed in the 
afternoon, the city magistrates contributed two flagons of wine, a simple 
gift in keeping with the occasion, and reminiscent rather of the eighteenth 
century than of the nineteenth. From Leipsic in 1809 to Jena in 1858 
there is a long interval, and in the half-century that separated the quater- 
centenary of Leipsic from the tercentenary of Jena manners and customs 
had become more artificial. The Jena festivities of 1858 (I5th-I7th 
August) formed the model for subsequent celebrations. Locomotion was 
easier than in 1809, and Europe was less disturbed, and to Jena there 
came guests from all parts of the Continent. Ttie commemoration days 
included a Sunday, and early that morning the guests were awakened by 
the strains of " Ein' feste Burg ist unser Gott ". Unfortunately, the bright 
promise of the morning faded away ; the great procession to the Town 
Church was spoiled by rain ; and, after the service, a wet and dispirited 
crowd tried in vain to listen to the orator who unveiled a statue of Kur- 
fiirst Johann Friedrich the Magnanimous. The point in which the 
University of Jena set an example which has been generally followed was 
the conferment of honorary degrees, on a large scale, as an integral part of 
the proceedings. Fifty degrees were conferred, and among the recipients 
were Meyer, Lipsius, Engelmann and Brockhaus. In another respect, too, 
Jena created a useful precedent. An important book, Keil's Student 
Life at Jena, was published in connection with the tercentenary. 

Two years after Jena, the youthful University of Berlin celebrated its 
first jubilee, and in 1865 the University of Vienna rejoiced over its quin- 
centenary. In 1875 occurred the tercentenary of the University of 
Leyden, which, founded during the great struggle with Spain, had, 
regularly every fifty years, been mindful of the rock out of which it was 
hewn. This remarkable record is an illustration of the persistence which 
we regard as characteristic of the Dutch ; another characteristic, some- 


times, perhaps unjustly, attributed to them, was illustrated in the obstinacy 
which spoiled the great occasion of the tercentenary. The University 
authorities wished to hold the precise anniversary, which occurred early in 
February ; the students insisted upon a postponement to the summer, 
and were able to plead that, though the University was founded in 
February, 1575, there is no evidence of the presence of students till the 
following autumn. Neither party would yield, and the students merely 
graced the professorial festivities by a torchlight procession and a Latin 
speech, expressing their regret that circumstances prevented them from 
doing more at present ; later in the year, in a wet June, they attempted 
to honour the occasion. This domestic feud was the only misfortune of 
the February commemoration. A large number of distinguished guests — 
including Renan, Madvig, Jowett, Martineau and Charles Darwin — as- 
sembled at Leyden, and some remarkable addresses, in five different 
languages, were delivered, among them one by Professor Mahafify, of 
Dublin. The literature of the centenary included a volume of records, 
containing the names of all professors and students of the University since 
its foundation. The feature of the undergraduate festivities, in June, 1875, 
was an historical pageant, in which were represented William the Silent 
and other Dutch heroes, and, among foreigners in one way or another 
associated with Holland, Milton, Locke, Goldsmith and Fielding. 

After Leyden, centenaries crowded thick and fast — the bicentenary 
of Innsbruck in April, 1877 ; the seventh jubilee of Marburg in July; and 
the quatercentenaries of Tubingen in August and of Upsala in Sep- 
tember. Some of these were merely domestic events, and internal 
quarrels prevented any ceremonies at Innsbruck, The Tiabingen celebra- 
tions were no novelty, for each of the three preceding centenaries had 
been observed; the leading feature in 1877 was an historical pageant, 
representing the life and customs of the district, and the story of the 
University. The proceedings at Upsala were characteristically well ar- 
ranged, and gave fresh evidence of Swedish patriotism, and of the good 
feeling between king and people. The quatercentenary of the University 


of Copenhagen occurred in 1879. It was an unfortunate moment, for the 
Schleswig-Holstein dispute rendered it impossible to invite representatives 
from Germany, and it was wisely decided to avoid giving offence by in- 
viting no foreigners at all. Naturally enough, local and national patriot- 
ism rose to the occasion, and the Danes had nothing to regret in the 
character of their rejoicings. Of a widely different nature were the pro- 
ceedings at the tercentenary of Wiirzburg in 1882. There had been a 
similar commemoration a hundred years earlier, and elaborate arrange- 
ments were in progress from 1876 onwards for the celebration which was 
on a magnificent scale. 

Edinburgh had a great opportunity in 1884 and used it well, though 
some things have been learned in the interval with regard to the manage- 
ment of these festivities. The great feature was the place held by the Town 
Council, which received the guests on their arrival. In the foreign celebra- 
tions of which we have spoken, the municipalities had invariably exerted 
themselves to honour the Universities and their guests. But in Edinburgh 
the University was the child of the Town Council, and though it had re- 
cently been freed from the maternal control, yet its history united it to the 
Town Council as no other University has ever been associated with a 
municipality. The existence of extra-mural learned bodies added a further 
distinctive feature. The Faculty of Advocates, the Royal College of Physi- 
cians, the Royal College of Surgeons and the Royal Scottish Academy all 
assisted the University to entertain its numerous guests. This, the first 
Scottish event of its kind, followed German precedent in a thanksgiving 
service, in the conferment of degrees, and in a great banquet. 

The year 1886 saw two Universities rejoicing and giving thanks — 
Heidelberg for its quincentenary in August, and Harvard for its fifth jubilee 
in November. Founded by the Elector Rupert I. in 1 386, and refounded by 
the Grand Duke Charles Frederick in 1803, the University of Heidelberg 
bears the name of Ruperto-Carola. It had recently added extensively to its 
buildings and, as afterwards at Montpellier and at Aberdeen, a double pur- 
pose ran through the arrangements. The connection between Heidelberg 


and England was recalled by the figures of the Elector Frederick V. and 
his wife, the Princess Elizabeth of Great Britain, in an historical pageant, 
which was witnessed by another English princess ; for the Crown Prince 
and Princess (afterwards the Emperor and Empress Frederick) repre- 
sented the German Emperor on the occasion. The presence of royalty 
has been very frequent on the Continent ; the King and Queen of Holland 
had graced the scene at Leyden, the King and Queen of Sweden at 
Upsala, the Kingof Wiirtemberg at Tubingen, the Crown Prince of Den- 
mark at Copenhagen ; and Heidelberg welcomed not only these members 
of the Imperial House, but its own Rector Magnificentissimus, the Grand 
Duke of Baden. The other celebrant University of the year could expect 
no royal patronage ; Harvard was the product of the Puritan movement 
against which Charles I. and, in some degree, George HI, had alike 
struggled. But the President of the United States recognised the im- 
portance of this festival of the oldest University in his country, and, with 
several members of the Cabinet, attended the celebrations. Such an 
event could not fail to appeal to the nation and especially to the sons of 
Harvard, nor could it but produce some new features in the ceremonies. 
The record of these November days at Harvard is distinctive and sui 
generis. The proceedings were divided into a Law Day, an Undergradu- 
ates' Day, Foundation Day (Sunday), and an Alumni Day. The Under- 
graduates' Day included in its programme a boat race and a football 
match, and the Alumni Day emphasised what has always been a happy 
side of American University life — the spirit of comradeship and the feel- 
ing of unity among the members of the University. 

The next commemoration possesses a unique interest, for to the 
University of Bologna all the brotherhood of Universities owes love and 
gratitude, and its eight hundredth anniversary, celebrated in 1888, made, as 
was fitting, a great contribution to academic history, in the Statuti 2t.r\d other 
works published on the occasion. The King and Queen of Italy were 
present at the festivities, which evoked an unusually warm response from 
Universities in all parts of the world. The time would fail us to tell of the 


celebrations in which, as was again historically fitting, the students bore a 
great part, and we must also pass over the sexcentenary of the University 
of Montpellier in 1890 — a permanent result of which exists in the great 
Cartulary of the University. The tercentenary of Trinity College, Dublin, 
in 1892, created some useful precedents for our own quatercentenary at 
Aberdeen ; the occasion was a great one and the arrangements had been 
carefully and wisely made, and were crowned with a brilliant success. 
The bicentenary of Halle followed in 1894, and, in 1896, Princeton Uni- 
versity held a " sesquicentennial celebration" of its foundation in 1746. 
As also at the bicentenary of Yale, in 1901, the precedent set by Harvard 
was not followed, and the arrangements more nearly resembled the normal 
type. At both Princeton and Yale " football games " were included in 
the events, and there were the usual services, degrees and receptions. 
The President and Mr. Cleveland were present at a great luncheon at 
Princeton, but Yale set an example of plain living and high thinking, in 
providing numberless addresses and no banquet. At both Universities 
alike the warmest affection and enthusiasm was shown by graduate and 
undergraduate members. The important place held by such festivities in 
the national mind is indicated by the fact that, in 1902, Johns Hopkins 
University combined the inauguration of a new Presidency with an 
energetic and interesting celebration of its twenty-fifth anniversary. The 
immediate predecessor of Aberdeen was the University of Vermont, which 
in July, 1904, celebrated the centenary of the graduation of its first class, 
three years later than the actual centenary of the University, which would 
have coincided with the festivities at Yale. Its gi'eat feature was an 
" Alumni Conference on the Influence of the University in the World," 
which produced a series of contributions analogous to the " Studies in the 
History and Development of the University of Aberdeen ". 

Such were the precedents which guided the Aberdeen Committee, to 
which was entrusted the responsibility of preparing for the quatercentenary 
celebrations in 1906. The experience of Edinburgh in 1884, of Dublin in 
1892, and of Glasgow in 1901, was, of course, specially valuable, and the 


festivities at the opening of the Mitchell Hall and Tower, Marischal College, 
in 1895, though they had been overshadowed by the very recent death of 
Dr. Mitchell, supplied important information as to what was practi- 
cable in Aberdeen. The 1895 celebrations, occurring 400 years after 
the publication of the Papal Bull for the foundation of a University in 
Old Aberdeen, formed a kind of domestic recognition of the quater- 
centenary, the formal and public observance of which had perforce to be 
delayed. How far the Aberdeen Committee learned the lessons of the 
past and avoided the errors into which some of their predecessors had 
fallen it is not for us to say. But the present writer, who attended the 
celebrations as a graduate of the University and who had no share what- 
soever of the responsibility for the arrangements, may be permitted to 
place on record his tribute of admiration for the wisdom and forethought 
which made every one's path so smooth and easy on these crowded 
summer days, and for the dignity and breadth of view which marked the 
whole conception of the rejoicings. 

Robert S. Rait. 


A NY one who has looked into the history of the more ancient British 
-^^^ Universities, or has even turned over the pages devoted to educa- 
tional matters in any British Almanack of standing, must be aware that 
the Northern University of Scotland claims to have existed since the year 
1494-5. How then, it may be asked, did it come about that that Uni- 
versity celebrated in September, 1906, z>., in the academic year 1905-6, 
its four-hundredth anniversary ? A short review of the circumstances (pre- 
senting notable points of parallel as well of contrast) in which the Uni- 
versity was placed during the earliest and the latest decennial periods of 
its history will explain this apparent anomaly and may also, it is hoped, 
form a fitting introduction to a record of the manner in which these 
recent celebrations were carried out. 

The fifteenth century, which witnessed the revival of learning 
throughout Europe, was remarkable as the chief era of University founda- 
tions in Scotland. No fewer than three of the four Scottish Universities 
were founded within that century and each by the Bishop of the diocese, 
with the sanction and approval of the Roman Pontiff of the time. St. 
Andrews was founded by Bishop Wardlaw in 141 1, Glasgow by Bishop 
Turnbull in 145 1, and Aberdeen by Bishop Elphinstone in 1494-5, when 
Alexander VI. was occupying (alas, he was not adorning) the Papal 
Throne. Why the turn of Aberdeen should have come last is not quite 
apparent — unless that it had been already so much better looked after 
than other towns as regards provision for such scholastic discipline as 
was then in vogue. It is on record that, so early as in 1256, the duty 
had been laid on the Chancellor of the diocese to supply a fit master 



" who shall have the direction of the schools of Aberdeen and know how 
to instruct the boys in grammar as well as in logic ". On the other hand, 
however, from the leading place among Scottish towns which Aberdeen 
held in these early days, one might have expected that it would have 
become the seat of a University sooner, perhaps, than any other centre. 
" Long before Edinburgh had acquired the precedency of a capital," says 
Cosmo Innes, the historian, "or even the first place among the four 
Burghs of Southern Scotland — while Glasgow was yet an insignificant 
dependent on its bishop — Aberdeen had taken its place as a great and 
independent Royal Burgh, and a port of extensive foreign trade." Ex- 
plain the facts as we may, Aberdeen really fared well through the delay 
in the foundation of its University, illustrating in this the truth of the 
old Scotch adage — "They that bide weel, betide weel". 

For William Elphinstone, our founder — clarum et venerabile nonien — 
whose connexion with Aberdeen arose solely out of the fortunate circum- 
stance of his appointment in 1483, at the age of fifty-two, to the bishopiic, 
by his friend and patron James III., had acquired during his varied ex- 
periences of life a knowledge so direct and intimate of the working of 
earlier academic institutions, both at home and abroad, and was possessed 
of such sagacity of judgment, that, in arranging alike as to the finance and 
as to the administration of the school of learning which he desired to 
found, he adopted what he had seen to be fruitful of good and avoided 
much that had led to failure. Such a master-mind, even had the times 
permitted it, was not likely to carry out his plans hurriedly. Thus it was 
that, though the papal bull sanctioning the erection of a studium generale, 
obtained through the influence of James IV., was issued at Rome loth 
February, 1494 {i.e., by our reckoning, 1495), the erection of the collegiate 
church for the use of the members of the foundation (which happily re- 
mains for our use to-day) was not begun until 2nd April, 1500 (as the 
inscription on the west front testifies), and Elphinstone's own charter in 
which he minutely details, and sets his seal to the completion of, all his 
plans and arrangements, was not signed till 17th September, 1505. 


Not until 1505-6, then, did Elphinstone's foundation, the "University 
and King's College," as it came to be called, become a fully-equipped 
teaching institution. The character of the work remains on record to this 
day, and not alone in the venerable chapel with its stately tower and 
crown. These indeed are seen and admired by every one. When one 
turns, however, to the written record and reads the two ancient documents 
referred to above, which mark, it may be said, respectively the inception 
and the completion of Elphinstone's great work, one is impressed by their 
breadth of view and by the grand conception of a University which they 
seem to set before us. We find a high dignitary of the Church, unfet- 
tered by the narrow views of an exclusive ecclesiasticism, making provision 
(the first in Britain), and not on paper only, but through money endow- 
ments not illiberal, for the teaching of Medical Science, and we are tempted 
to quote, as apposite, the words ^ in which another illustrious Scotsman, 
born four centuries, to a year, later than Elphinstone, and, like him, for a 
time a fellow-citizen of our own and an academic teacher in our midst, 
thus cleared himself of the suspicion of exclusive devotion even to those 
special studies of which he was an acknowledged master and through which 
he had been signally advancing the boundaries of human knowledge. If 
for Cambridge we substitute Aberdeen, and for science, theology, we seem 
to be listening to words of wisdom (most wholesome truly for our own 
day) such as might have fallen from Elphinstone himself : — 

" Though some of us may, I hope, see reason to make the pursuit of 
science the main business of our lives, it must be one of our most constant 
aims to maintain a living connexion between our work and the other 
liberal studies of Cambridge, whether literary, philological, historical, or 
philosophical. There is a narrow professional spirit which may grow up 
among men of science just as it does among men who practise any other 
special business. But surely a University is the very place where we 
should be able to overcome this tendency of men to become, as it were, 
granulated into small worlds, which are all the more worldly for their very 

' Vide Clerk Maxwell's Introductory Lecture (October, 1871) as the first occupant of 
the Chair of Experimental Physics in the University of Cambridge. 


smallness. We lose the advantage of having men of varied pursuits 
collected into one body if we do not endeavour to imbibe some of the 
spirit of those whose special branch of learning is different from our own." 

Precisely then as, during the first round decade in the life of his Uni- 
versity, Elphinstone was engaged in carrying to completion the task he 
took in hand, so, during the last ten years and more, the authorities of his 
University to-day were occupied with a great work of renewal and en- 
largement. The University was in fact for fifteen years occupied with 
what was known as the " Buildings Extension Scheme," although indeed it 
went on for the first few years concurrently with great constitutional 
changes that have affected not Aberdeen alone, but every Scottish Uni- 
versity. But how altered the conditions, how complex now the problem, 
as compared with Elphinstone's times ! There was now no master-mind 
capable, as was his, and entitled to direct and control. Alas, No ! Quot 
homines, tot sententicE had become the order of the day. 

But one must not anticipate. To return, therefore, to Elphinstone, 
His studium generate was not destined to retain a monopoly of Uni- 
versity education in the North of Scotland. The Reformation movement, 
that " most pregnant and momentous fact in modern history," as a recent 
eminent historian (himself a Roman Catholic) has termed it, could not 
fail to disquiet and affect to the core such an institution as that which 
Elphinstone had founded. Nor need it be wondered at that, while many 
minds of thought and culture were slowly reaching settled convictions 
under the new order of things, the more ardent spirits, restless and im- 
patient, should have clamoured for an immediate and, in their view, more 
thoroughgoing remedy. In the sore stress and turmoil of the period, a 
distinguished Scottish nobleman in the North, one who himself was help- 
ing to direct and shape the progress of the Scottish Reformation, deter- 
mined to dispel the "darkness and ignorance" in which, despite the 
lamp of learning in Old Aberdeen, he considered that "most men lie" ; 
and so, in 1593, George Keith, fifth Earl Marischal, founded and endowed 
in New Aberdeen the " Marischal College and University " to be a place 


where the youths of the Royal Burgh might obtain, as he said, "an 
honourable, liberal and Christian education and training". For almost 
260 years did these two Universities in Aberdeen, with buildings only 
about a mile apart, maintain a separate and independent existence and 
carry on between them, all rivalry notwithstanding, a great work for the 
educational enlightenment and progress of the North of Scotland. Every 
attempt at Union, and there were many, proved abortive, until at last, on 
15th September, i860, by Act of the British Parliament, the two were 
made one Institution under the style and title of " the University of 
Aberdeen". That the University to-day finds itself the inheritor of two 
detached and separate sites for its buildings is the outcome of the fore- 
going facts and circumstances. But it had happily inherited a great deal 
more — to wit, the characteristic note of its "first foundation. For never, 
through these centuries, even in times of sorest declension and weakness, 
had Elphinstone's conception of the function of a University been wholly 
lost sight of; and, at the date of the Union in i860, not only had Marischal 
College and University taken its place as one of the foremost schools of 
Medicine in the United Kingdom, but, in the Faculty of Arts, both there 
and at King's, the M. A. degree could not be obtained without a full hundred- 
lecture course of study of, and an examination in, at least, one subject 
in Physical Science — Natural History being, precisely like Latin, Mathe- 
matics or Logic, compulsory at Marischal College, and Chemistry (taught 
by Elphinstone's "Mediciner") at King's. These are facts well worthy 
of being recalled, when one considers, on the one hand, the entire exclusion 
at that time, from the great English Universities and elsewhere, of even a 
tincture of science studies in the course for the Degree in Arts, and, on 
the other hand, the mischievous claims now so ostentatiously put forward 
on behalf of smatterings of scientific knowledge, as if these could ever 
become substitutes for the severe mental discipline of the older studies. 
We, in Aberdeen, claim to have long ago recognized, in some measure, the 
relative value and importance of science studies in the general, training of 
every well-educated man. 


Under the Act of Parliament which, in i860, united the two ancient 
Universities of Aberdeen, considerable constitutional changes, on similar 
lines, were effected in each of the Scottish Universities, although, in all, 
a definite course of study for the Degree in Arts was still retained. In 
Aberdeen, the " fusion," as it was called, chiefly engrossed attention, owing 
to the numerous rearrangements and adjustments to which it necessarily 
gave rise. These concerned not only the teaching staff (duplicate Chairs 
being suppressed and new Chairs being founded) but also the buildings — 
the troublesome question of the choice, as between King's College and 
Marischal College, of the sites of the various class-rooms, of the Library, 
and of such laboratories and museums as were then deemed necessary, 
coming to the front. The ultimate decision of all such questions was 
happily vested in the Commissioners under the Act, who, of course, heard 
evidence from all parties. There is, however, the less need to dwell here 
on the results of their labours, for the reason that, thirty years later, the 
work came all to be done over again. There had arisen in all the Univer- 
sities considerable dissatisfaction with the settlement arrived at in i860, 
due to a desire both to " open-up," as the phrase was, the Arts Curriculum 
and abolish the "rigid" course of study for the M.A. degree, and also to 
extend specially the teaching of Science, in which such marvellous ad- 
vances had now begun to be made. Under the operation of the Universities 
(Scotland) Act, 1889, ^^e entire system of the Scottish Universities came 
through a veritable revolution, and the end is not yet. A man — or 
indeed a woman, for the University and its degrees are now open to women 
— is now free to follow, as our Editor has calculated, one or other of 617 
different pathways to a Degree in Arts, so that, so far as choice of subjects 
for that degree is concerned, liberty, in the case of lads whose Arts studies 
are ill-directed or left wholly without direction, has, for the present at 
least, simply passed into much-abused licence. 

So far, however, as the University of Aberdeen and its two sets of 
buildings are concerned, the provisions of the Act of 1858 were entirely 
altered by the Act of 1889. Under the former, H.M. Office of Works had 


to see to " the maintenance and repair of the buildings " (including certain 
Professors' manses), and, so liberally had this obligation been interpreted 
by Government, that it was calculated that, in the thirty years, 1860-90, a 
sum of upwards of ;if 25,000 had been spent on new buildings, in addition 
to ;^2 1,000 on up-keep, being at the rate of ;^700 annually under this latter 
head alone. By the Act of 1889 all this was altered. In consideration of 
its share (one-fifth to the University of Aberdeen) of the annual subsidy 
of ;^72,ooo to the four Scottish Universities, each University has been 
left free to arrange and deal with its buildings as its authorities may 
think fit. This radical change will prove, no doubt, advantageous for the 
Universities generally, in the long run. At the outset, however, and at 
a moment when the University Commissioners were engaged in drafting 
New Ordinances that affected the curriculum (and, in consequence, the 
time-table of class and laboratory attendances) in every Faculty in the 
University, one cannot but feel that the Northern University, confronted 
with the difficulty regarding the double site of its buildings, had cause to 
regret the loss of some impartial, external, controlling authorit}^ 

The locality of the new Science buildings, which it became evident 
the University must forthwith proceed to erect, was really the root-question. 
The solution was, one might have thought, plain and simple enough. Here 
is how, in May, 1891,^ a man of science, who himself had been an eminent 
teacher in the University for twenty-six years, thus publicly stated his 
opinion regarding this matter — and we would ask, is there any man of 
science to-day who would call in question these views ? — 

"As to the locality of the new Science buildings, I venture to ask 
for a moment the suspension of some Aberdeen prejudices. It cannot be 
at Marischal College, unless at great cost for the purchase of surrounding 
properties, and without in the end being cramped for space and surrounded 
by slums. It is no use shutting our eyes to all that. Delays and delays, 
till young Professors have grown grey, unsatisfactory results in the end, 

^ Vide Professor Sir John Struthers' " Notes on the Progress of Aberdeen University 
during the last thirty years ". 


and melancholy surroundings. But there is plenty of ground at King's 
College without a sixpence to pay for it. A series of handsome Science 
buildings, contiguous or continuous, a second and larger quadrangle it 
might be, could be erected there, for Chemistry, Physics, Geology, Botany 
and Zoology — Archaeology too, if you like ; laboratories and lecture-rooms 
below, a suite of continuous museums above : all according to modern ideas ; 
plenty of space and air, and pleasant surroundings ; all at less cost than 
anything approaching to it is possible at Marischal College ; a complete 
school of the Natural Sciences, Physical and Biological, of which Aberdeen 
would have reason to be proud, as the best in Scotland. Professors and 
statesmen in Germany would at once decide for that, glad to have such 
a site, and one would expect that Professors anywhere, who are in love 
with their work, would jump at such a prospect as the happiest life they 
could lead, every modern provision for teaching and research, good 
museums, happy surroundings, and, if they liked, their houses and gardens 
close by. If any of the good folk of the town are opposed to this proposal, 
send them as a deputation to Germany, say to Bonn and Leipzig, and they 
will come back wiser and converted men. Marischal College, as it now 
is, would then provide all that the Medical School proper requires." 

What the abandonment of this ideal has cost the University we are 
even already in some position to estimate. But enough of unavailing 
regrets ! 

On 5th April, 1892, there was intimated to the University Court a 
Treasury Grant of ^40,000, in aid of the "Buildings Extension Scheme" 
of the University, contingent solely on the raising of a like sum locally : 
and it so happened that, within six months thereafter, the munificence of 
a son of Bonaccord placed the Court in a position to lay claim, without 
let or hindrance from any quarter, to at least the Jialf oi\\val Grant for em- 
ployment in connexion with the Extension of the Buildings, where and 
how the Court pleased. This benefactor was Mr. Charles Mitchell of 
Jesmond Towers, Newcastle-on-Tyne, who intimated his willingness to 
erect at Marischal College, at a cost that ultimately reached £20f:>QO, 
a new Graduation Hall with Students' Union beneath, and to erect also 
a new Anatomy Department and to heighten the central tower. 


While these proposals for extensions and improvements were being 
brought forward, the question of the celebration of the Quatercentenary of 
the University {i.e., the completion of four centuries since the date of 
Elphinstone's Foundation Charter) was taken up at a public meeting 
convened by the Principal and held 27th October, 1892, at which it was 
resolved "to name the year 1895 as appropriate," in the hope "that by 
that time substantial progress will have been made towards the completion 
of the new University Buildings". Thereafter, on the invitation of a 
Committee of the University Court appointed to inquire into the matter 
and report, a Conference between the various University bodies and the 
Town Council was held 19th April, 1893, ^^ which it was resolved to 
select, as the most suitable season, the close of an academic session during 
the year 1895-6 — "provided that it be found that by that period the 
Scheme of Extension of the University Buildings shall be sufficiently 
advanced towards completion". 

Mr. Mitchell's great work at Marischal College buildings having made 
rapid progress, the whole question of the Quatercentenary Celebrations 
was again considered at a Conference between the University Court and 
the Senatus held 2nd November, 1894, at which the following resolution 
(confirmed at a meeting of the Court held 13th November) was adopted, 
viz. : — 

"That, on the completion of the Mitchell block of the Uni- 
versity Buildings the inauguration take place in the coming year, 
1895, of the Mitchell Graduation Hall and the Students' Union, at 
which ceremonial graduates, alumni and students, as well as all 
interested at home or abroad, shall be invited to take part ; but 
that, in consequence of the unfinished state of the whole buildings, 
and the incomplete condition of the museums, the celebration of the 
400th anniversary of the University be meantime postponed ". 

The Court also at the same meeting (13th Nov., 1894) Appointed six 
of its members to consider and report as to arrangements, with power to 
act as a Joint Committee along with Committees of the Senatus, the 


General Council, the Students' Representative Council and the Town 
Council — five representatives of each. 

This Joint Committee consisted of the following : — 

University Court : — The Rector, the Principal (Convener), the 
Lord Provost, Dr. Angus Eraser, Dr. William Dey, Dr. C. B. David- 

Senatus : — Professors Stephenson, Trail, Harrower, Cowan, Dove 


General Council: — Mr. P. J. Anderson, Rev. James Cooper, 
D.D., Mr. Patrick Cooper, Lt-Col. William Johnston, M.D., Rev. S. 
D, F. Salmond, D.D. 

Students' Representative Council : — Messrs. D. H. Duthie, J. E. 
Esslemont, A. Findlay, W. I. Fortescue, J. E. Philip. 

Magistrates and Town Council: — Baillie Mearns, Baillie Scott, 
Treasurer Bisset, Councillor A. T. Gordon Beveridge, Councillor 
John Robertson, 

The Joint Committee, having held several meetings, ultimately re- 
ported in favour of the week beginning 20th October, 1895, as the most 
suitable date, and submitted the following provisional programme of which 
the Court approved at a meeting held 9th July, 1895, viz. : — 

Tuesday, 22nd Oct. 

8 to II P.M. Grand Reception by the Court and Senatus and Conversazione in 
Marischal College Buildings : all halls, museums and laboratories 
thrown open, with Musical Programme in the Mitchell Hall. 

Wednesday, 2 yd Oct. 

1 1 A.M. Inauguration of the Tower, by completion with clock presented 
Classes discon- by j)^ Q^ Mitchell — Response of bells in the city — Ceremony of 

tmued for re- ' '■ , t ^ i • i 

mainder of opening the Students Union in presence of the Chancellor, with 

^^^ ' Presentation of Address to the Donor by the Students' Repre- 

sentative Council — Inauguration of Hall by the Chancellor. 
2 P.M. Luncheon given by Dr. C. Mitchell. 

Thursday, 2\th Oct. 
1 2 noon. Freedom of the City to Dr. Charles Mitchell. 
I P.M. Luncheon by the Lord Provost. 

4 P.M. Rectorial Address in the Mitchell Hall. 

8.30 P.M. Torch-light procession of Students. 


Friday, 2^th Oct. 

II A.M. Presentation of Address and Commemorative Medal by the Court 
and Senatus to Dr. C. Mitchell, in the Mitchell Hall — Thereafter 
Conferring of Honorary Degrees (D.D. and LL.D.). 
3 to 4 P.M. Religious Service in the University Chapel, King's College Buildings. 
7.30 P.M. Dinner given by the University Court and Senatus to the Chan- 
cellor, the Rector, and Dr. Charles Mitchell. 

To the meeting of the University Court held 9th July, 1895, the 
Joint Committee further reported that it had made remits to special 
Sub-Committees to make arrangements for (i) the reception of guests ; (2) 
the musical programme in the Mitchell Hall on the evening of Tuesday, 
22nd October; (3) the religious Service in the University Chapel on 25th 
October ; and to the Students' Representative Council to arrange for (4) 
the torch-light procession on the evening of Thursday, 24th October, 

The Court approved of and sanctioned these arrangements, and ap- 
pointed the follovv'ing Committee to make further necessary arrangements 
in connexion v^ith the ceremonial, viz. — The Principal (Convener), the 
Lord Provost, Dr. MacGregor, Professors Stephenson, Cash and Finlay, 
and Mr. P. J. Anderson. The Secretarial work of all the Committees was 
entrusted to the Secretary of the University Court, Mr. Robert Walker. 

At a meeting of the Joint Committee held 3rd August, the wording 
of the first item in the foregoing programme had to be reconsidered owing 
to a generous proposal made by Mr. (now Dr.) Chas. Mitchell that he be 
allowed to defray the whole cost of this entertainment. Alas, however, 
at the next meeting, specially convened by the Principal and held 23rd 
August, the sad announcement was made that our munificent benefactor 
had died, quite suddenly and unexpectedly, the day before. In these cir- 
cumstances, the Court at first resolved (3rd Sept.) to alter the date to some 
suitable time in December. Intimations to that effect had indeed been 
issued to honorary graduates resident abroad, when, in compliance with 
the strongly-expressed wish of the family of Dr. Mitchell, the University 
Court and the Joint Committee, at meetings held 17th September, resolved 
to revert to the week in October originally agreed to, and to limit the 


celebrations to two days therein, namely, Thursday, 24th, and Friday, 25th 
of October, respectively. By a third issue of circulars and by extensive 
public advertisement this alteration was fully announced. The sad event 
of 22nd August, which removed one who would have stood out as the 
chief figure throughout the whole proceedings, rendered it necessary that 
these should be still more of the local and domestic character that was at 
first intended. For, in point of fact, outside the central addition that Dr. 
Mitchell's munificence had reared for us (the completion of which we were 
to inaugurate) and the doubling of each of the wings at the back, the 
" Extension Scheme " as it was called, was, as regards any plan or design 
for the proposed new buildings, at this time and for years after not only 
incomplete but even undetermined. 

Mr. Charles W. Mitchell, son of Dr. Chas. Mitchell, took the place of 
his honoured and lamented father, and the programme of arrangements 
for the two days, as carried out, was as follows : — 

Inauguration of the Mitchell Hall and Students' 


Thursday, 2\th Oct. 

II A.M. Inauguration of the Tower, by completion with clock presented 
by Dr. C. Mitchell — Response of bells in the city — Ceremony of 
opening the Students' Union. 
t P.M. Luncheon by the Lord Provost in Town Hall. 

3.30 P.M. Commemoration Service in King's College Chapel. 
8 to 1 1 P.M. Reception and Conversazione in Marischal College Buildings. 

Friday, 2^th Oct. 

II A.M. Inaugural Religious Service, and Presentation of Address and 
Commemorative Medal by the Court and Senatus to Mr, C. W. 
Mitchell, in the Mitchell Hall — Thereafter Conferring of Honor- 
ary Degrees (D.D. and LL.D.). 
1.30 P.M. University Luncheon in Lower Hall. 

3 P.M. Rectorial Address in Mitchell Hall. 

7.30 P.M. Dinner given by the University Court and Senatus to the Rector. 
8 P.M. Torch-light Procession of Students. 


It may, probably, be deemed unnecessary to give here any detailed 
account of the manner in which the foregoing programme was carried 
out. One specially recalls, however, the impressive Service in the Uni- 
versity Chapel on the afternoon of the 24th, when the Rev. Professor 
Cowan, D.D., Dean of the Faculty of Divinity, delivered an eloquent address 
from the words (Prov., 9th Chapter, verses i and 10) — "Wisdom hath 
builded her house, she hath hewn out her seven pillars" . . . "The fear 
of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom ". Too many also had, alas, 
substantial reason to remember the close of the notable and brilliant scene 
at the Reception in Marischal College Buildings on the evening of the 
24th, when, the cloakroom arrangements and accommodation proving 
utterly inadequate, coats, hats and other garments went hopelessly 
amissing! We may surely maintain that the signal failure on that 
occasion worked in the end for good — in the method and order, the 
admiration (as friends have been kind enough to assure us) of every one, 
that reigned throughout at every gathering and assemblage, when, eleven 
years later, the University set itself with a will to the greater task, the 
carrying out of which it is the object of this volume to put on record. 

Robert Walker. 


AS narrated in the foregoing pages, the 400th Anniversary of the grant- 
ing of the Papal Bull authorising the foundation of the University, 
coinciding as it did with the completion of the Mitchell Block of buildings, 
had been made the occasion of Celebrations extending over two days, and 
advisedly arranged on a merely local scale. The completion of the im- 
portant scheme of Building Extension inaugurated in 1901 had been 
looked forward to as a suitable event with which to combine a Com- 
memorative Celebration of the Founding of the University on a scale and 
in a manner worthy of the occasion. 

The first definite and official step in the arrangement for such a 
Celebration was taken on 5th January, 1904, when at a meeting of the 
Senatus Academicus Professor Finlay, in accordance with notice given 
at the previous meeting, called attention to the question of a Quater- 
centenary Celebration, and suggested that a Committee be appointed 
to consider the matter. After discussion it was resolved " to invite the 
" University Court and the Business Committee of the General Council to 
" confer with the Senatus as to the advisability of holding such a Celebra- 
" tion, and, further, as to any matters arising in connection therewith ". 

The University Court on receiving intimation of this resolution 
cordially concurred in the proposal, and suggested that the Magistrates 
and Town Council of Aberdeen should also be invited to the Conference. 
This suggestion was at once adopted, so that from the very outset all 
interests were united in the effort to bring the arrangements to a suc- 
cessful issue. 



A small Committee of the Senatus having been appointed to arrange 
details, the Conference was forthwith convened for the afternoon of 
Friday, i8th March, the place of meeting being the Council Chamber of 
the Town House, as the Mitchell Hall, where it should naturally have 
been held, happened to be occupied by University Examinations. The 
Principal of the University occupied the chair and representatives were 
present from the University Court, the Senatus, the Business Committee 
of the General Council and the Town Council. 

The following resolutions having been moved and seconded were 
severally put to the meeting and unanimously adopted : — 

Resolution I. — Moved by the Principal and seconded by the Lord 
Provost (Mr. James Walker). 

" That, having regard to the foundation in 1 505 of the College of 
" St. Mary, subsequently called King's College, in which effect was 
"given to the constitution of the University as sanctioned in 1494-5, 
" this Conference heartily adopts the proposal to celebrate the 400th 
"year of the University as a Teaching Institution in the year 1905, 
" and if possible to associate with this celebration the opening of the 
"new University Buildings at Marischal College." 

Resolution II. — Moved by Professor Hay, M.D. ; seconded by Baillie 
Meff, and supported by Mr. James E. Crombie, M.A. 

"That the Conference rejoices in the co-operation of the Town 
"Council and the Community with the University in carrying out 
"the proposed Celebration, and remits to a Committee representing 
"both the University and the Community to consider the various 
" issues and circumstances that connect with the Celebration, to draw 
" out a plan of operations and of the organisations which such a plan 
" involves, and to report to a future Conference with a view to the 
" bringing of the subject before a public meeting to be held on the 
" occasion of the installation of the Chancellor of the University." 

Resolution III. — Moved by Rev. Principal Salmond, D.D. ; seconded 
by Mr. D. M. M. Milligan, M.A., and supported by Colonel Wm. John- 
ston, C.B., M.D. 


" That the Committee shall consist of the following, with power 
" to add to their number : — 

" University Court : — The Principal, Mr. A. M. Gordon, Mr. J. E. 
"Crombie, Mr. Adam Maitland, Rev. Principal Salmond, Dr. David 
" Littlejohn, Dr. William Dey, Professors Hay, Trail and Kennedy. 

" Senatus : — Professors Stephenson, Pirie, Ramsay, Cowan, Reid, 
" Finlay and Davidson. 

'^Business Committee of General Council: — Mr. P. J. Anderson, 
" Mr. Patrick Cooper, Colonel Wm. Johnston, Mr. D. M. M. Milligan, 
"Mr. Alexander Emslie Smith, Rev. James Smith, LL.D., Rev. 
"James Smith, B.D., Dr. Albert Westland, Mr. R. M. Williamson. 

'■Magistrates and Finance Committee of Tozvn Council: — Lord 
" Provost, Baillies Meff and Esslemont, Dean of Guild Lyon, Treasurer 
" Wilkie, Councillors Kendall Burnett, Watson and Wilson. 

"The Secretary of the University Court (Mr. Robert Walker, 
" M.A.) and the Secretary of Senatus (Mr. D. R. Thom, M.A.) to be 
"joint Secretaries. 

" Also that the following be members of the Committee : — 

" I. The Advisory Members of the Committee of Subscribers to 
" the Building Extension Scheme, vis. : Messrs. Theodore Crombie, 
"John Fleming, John Fyfe and A. O. Gill (Mr. Milligan being 
" included among the representatives of the General Council). 

" 2. The following representatives of Public Bodies, viz. : — 

" The Presidents of the Society of Advocates, of the Society of 
" Solicitors and of the Aberdeen Chamber of Commerce ; the Chair- 
"man of the School Board; the Convener of the Incorporated 
" Trades ; the Member of Parliament for the University ; the two 
" Members of Parliament for the City. 

" Also the Earl of Aberdeen ; Sir William Henderson ; Sir 
"David Stewart; Mr. James Murray; Mr. John F. White." 

Although the year 1905 had been specified in the leading Resolution 
as the date of the Celebration, it was all along felt to be a doubtful ques- 
tion whether the work on the new buildings would be sufficiently advanced 
to admit of that date being definitely accepted, and the matter was soon 
afterwards brought to a point when it was reported by the Contractor for 


the mason work of the buildings that, even assunning the most favourable 
conditions as to weather, steady supply of suitable stone and other con- 
tingencies, it was impossible to hold out any prospect of having that part 
of the work completed sooner than the month of August, 1905. In these 
circumstances there seemed to be no alternative but to postpone the 
Celebrations to the year 1906, and this was accordingly resolved upon at 
a meeting of the Committee held on 17th May, 1904. At the same time 
a Sub-Committee was appointed to prepare a Scheme of Organisation for 
the carrying out of the Celebrations. This Sub-Committee consisted of 
the Principal (Convener), the Lord Provost, Mr. P. J. Anderson, Mr. 
Patrick Cooper, Professor Finlay, Professor Hay, Mr. D. M. M. Milligan 
and Mr. James Murray. 

The Sub-Committee having held two meetings reported to the 
General Committee on 22nd June, 1904, with a recommendation to the 
effect that the organising body should consist of an Executive Committee 
taking general charge of all arrangements and having associated with it 
Special Committees dealing with {a) Academic Invitations, {h) Hospitality 
and (jc) Publications. 

The Sub-Committee further recommended that September, 1906, 
should be provisionally agreed upon as the month in which the Celebra- 
tions should be held, and a Draft Programme of events occupying four 
days was submitted. 

The Scheme of Organisation, tentative Programme and suggested 
date were submitted and adopted at a second Conference held on 22nd 
June, 1904. 

The Draft Programme underwent many revisions and formed the 
subject of much anxious consideration before it was issued, more than 
two years afterwards, as the finally approved and authorised Programme 
of proceedings. The original draft is here given, as being of interest by 
way of comparison with the Programme actually carried out. 


Suggested Programme. 

First Day. 

Second Day. 

Third Day. 

Fourth Day. 

Service in University Chapel at ii a.m. 

Reception of Delegates, with Presentation of Addresses, at 3 p.m. 

Reception (probably in Art Gallery), in evening. 

Conferring of Honorary Degrees. 

Formal Inauguration of New Buildings at Marischal College. 

" At Home " at Marischal College, 9 to 11.30 p.m. 

Orations, Organ Recital, etc. (Marischal College). 


Visit to King's College, with University Sports or Cricket Match. 

Dinner (probably given by Municipal Corporation). 


The Scheme of Organization having been sanctioned, and the date 
having been tentatively fixed, a pause of considerable duration ensued 
before active steps began to be taken in preparation for the festivities. 
Indeed it was not until the month of May, 1905, that the several Commit- 
tees began to meet and seriously entered on the work allotted to them. 
Shortly thereafter it was thought desirable that a slight alteration in the 
Scheme of Organization originally adopted would tend to greater effici- 
ency in carrying out the arrangements, and it was accordingly agreed 
that instead of there being special Committees independent of each other, 
there should be one General Committee to direct and supervise all the 
arrangements, with various Sub-Committees under it. The General 
Committee and its Sub-Committees (including certain names subsequently 
added) consisted of the following members : — 

General Committee. 
The Principal {Convener). Dr. Fraser. 

Mr. J. E. Crombie {Vice- Convener). Dr. Littlejohn. 

The Lord Provost. Mr. Adam Maitland. 

Dr. Dey. Professor Baillie. 



Professor Cash. 












Mr. P. J. Anderson. 
Mr. Patrick Cooper. 
Mr. James Hendrick. 
Colonel Johnston. 
Mr. William Kelly. 
Dr. J. L. Mclntyre. 
Mr. John Marnoch. 
Mr. D. M. M. Milligan. 
Dr. D. Rennet. 
Mr. A. Emslie Smith. 
Rev. Dr. James Smith. 
Rev. James Smith, B.D. 
Dr. A. Westland. 

Mr. R. Walker and Mr. 

Dr. J. C. O. Will. 

Mr. R. M. Williamson. 

The City Treasurer. 

The City Chamberlain. 

The Dean of Guild. 

Baillie Meff. 

Baillie Kendall Burnett. 

Baillie Coutts. 

Baillie Esslemont. 

Shoremaster Barron. 

Councillor Glass. 

Councillor Gray. 

Councillor Kemp. 

Councillor Todd. 

Councillor Wilson. 

Sir David Stewart. 

Ex-Lord Provost Fleming. 

Ex-Lord Provost Mearns. 

Ex-Lord Provost Walker. 

Mr. Theodore Crombie. 

Mr. James Murray. 

The President ^ . . „^ , ^ , 

r^. ,r. ^ ■ , of the Students 

The Vice-President _, 
rr,, r> t Rcpresentati vc 

The Secretary j 

The Treasurer J 


D. R. Thorn, Hon. Joint Secretaries. 

Sub-Committee on Invitations. 

The Principal (^Convener). 
Mr. J. E. Crombie. 
Professor Baillie. 






Professor Reid. 
Mr. P. J. Anderson. 
Baillie Kendall Burnett. 
Rev. Dr. James Smith. 
Mr. A. Emslie Smith. 
The Secretary of the Students' Repre- 
sentative Council. 



Sub-Committee on Hospitality. 

Mr. James Murray {Convener). 

Mr. D. M. M. Milligan ( Vice- Convener). 

The Principal. 

The Lord Provost. 

Mr. J. E. Crombie. 

Dr. Angus Fraser. 

Dr. Littlejohn. 

Mr. Maitland. 

Professor Cash. 

„ Davidson. 

,, Ogston. 

„ Reid. 

„ Stephenson. 
Mr. P. J. Anderson. 

Sir David Stewart. 
Ex-Lord Provost Fleming. 
Ex-Lord Provost Mearns. 
Ex-Lord Provost Walker. 
Treasurer Wilkie. 
Baillie Esslemont. 
Councillor Wilson. 
Mr. Patrick Cooper. 
Mr, Theodore Crombie. 
Mr. John Marnoch. 
Dr. Westland. 
Dr. J. C. O. Will. 
Mr. R. M. Williamson. 
The Treasurer of the Students' Repre- 
sentative Council. 

Sub-Committee on Publications. 

Mr. P. J. Anderson {Convener). 
The Principal. 
Mr. J. E. Crombie. 
Dr. Dey. 
Professor Finlay. 
,, Ramsay. 

Professor Terry. 
Colonel Johnston. 
Rev. James Smith, B.D. 
Councillor Kemp. 
Mr. A. M. Munro. 

The Vice-President of the Students' 
Representative Council. 

A Sub-Committee appointed to prepare the Programme of the Cele- 
brations v\^as subsequently reconstituted as a " Conveners' Committee," 
charged with the general supervision and direction of the arrangements 
and consisting of: — 

The Principal {Convener). 
The Lord Provost. 
Mr. J. E. Crombie. 
Mr. P. J. Anderson. 
Mr. Patrick Cooper. 
Professor Davidson. 

Professor Hay. 

Mr. D. M. M. Milligan. 

Mr. James Murray. 

Mr. A. R. Williamson (President, 

S. R. C). 
Councillor Wilson. 



The work entrusted to the Sub-Committee on Invitations embraced 
the preparation of suitable Forms of Invitation, and the task of deciding 

A. What Universities and Learned Institutions should be requested 
to send Representatives to the Celebrations ; and 

B. What distinguished individuals should be specially invited. 

In addition to the Invitations applicable to these two groups, it was 
further found necessary to prepare special Forms of Invitation suitable for 

C. Honorary Graduates of the University, and Veteran Alumni {i.e. 
those who had matriculated at either College not later than 1850). 

D. Student Delegates, 

E. Members of the General Council and other Ordinary Graduates. 

F. Officials of the University. 

G. Students. 

Of the above-mentioned Invitations the first four were in Latin, the 
others in English. 

In the selection of Universities and other Learned Bodies for invitation, 
the Sub-Committee had the assistance of the Professors in the different 
Faculties, who also drew up classified lists of distinguished persons in all 
departments of knowledge, and these were approved by the Senatus and 
sent on to the Sub-Committee. After numerous meetings, at which 
various additions and emendations were made, the Lists were finally 
adjusted about the middle of February, 1906. 

A. Universities and other Learned Institutions. 

The Letter of Invitation to Universities and Learned Institutions was 
drafted at the request of the Sub-Committee by SirW. M. Ram.say, Professor 
of Humanity in the University. The design of the Invitation was the work 
of Mr. William Kelly, Architect, Aberdeen, and was based on an illumin- 
ated pastoral letter in Gothic character by Gavin Dunbar, Bishop of 


Aberdeen (1518-1531) in the possession of the University.^ It was 
peculiarly appropriate that the form of the Invitation should be modelled 
on a work of Art which was almost contemporary with the founding 
of the University, and which had been safely preserved during the inter- 
vening centuries in the University archives. A facsimile of the Invitation 
forms the frontispiece to this volume. 
The text was as follows : — 

Universitas Abcrdonensis S. P. D. 

Academia Nostra, eorum nunquam immemor qui olim doctrinae 
dulcedine atque utilitate adducti Collegii Regii prima initia incoharunt 
neque eorum qui postea Collegii Mariscallani fundamenta iecerunt, anno 
Salutis MDCCCXCiv Quadringentesimum Natalem et vitae felicis tot 
quasi decursa spatia celebratura, novae tamen aulae novisque aedificiis 
condendis intenta occasionem iustam praetermittere coacta est. Nunc 
civium auxilio confirmati, anni MCMVI. medio mense Septembri Ferias 
Saeculares instaurare et novas simul scholas iuventuti studiosae accom- 
modatas inaugurare in animo habemus, Deo Optimo Maximo gratias 
pie agentes quod patrum nostrumque aedificandi laborem iam paene ad 
finem perduxit, Eumque precantes ut operi coronam suo tempore imponat. 

Cui occasioni auspicatae, si modo publicae res ex voto processerint, 
fas est sperare Regem nostrum Eduardum Vll. die quem ipse elegerit fauste 
et benigne esse adfuturum. 

Vos itaque, Viri doctissimi illustrissimique, invitamus ut legato misso, 
qui Universitatis atque totius Civitatis Aberdonensium amicus hospesque 
gaudiis nostris caerimoniisque intersit, consensum et approbationem litter- 
arum Reipublicae significetis : rogamusque ut nos certiores faciatis quem 

J. Marshall Lang, 

Univ. A herd. 
Vice-Cancellarius et Praefectus. 
Dabamus Aberdoniae, 
Kal. Ian. MCMVL 

^ A coloured representation of part of the first page of Bishop Dunbar's letter will be found 
in the Edition of the " Registrum Fpiscopatus Abcrdonensis" published by the Spalding Club 
in 1845. 



All the Universities were invited to send one representative except the 
Sister Universities of Scotland — St. Andrews, Glasgow and Edinburgh— 
and the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge, Dublin, Paris, Bologna 
and Tokyo, each of which received an invitation unrestricted as regards 
the number of Delegates whom they might be pleased to send. The 
restriction to one Delegate was made on the score of apprehension as to 
accommodation, but a considerable number of the Universities and other 
Bodies appointed more than one representative, and the Committee gladly 
welcomed all who were nominated. 

The following is a complete List of the Universities and other learned 
Bodies invited, numbering in all 268, and arranged alphabetically by 
locality. Of these the great majority sent Delegates charged with con- 
gratulatory Addresses, others sent Addresses but were unable to be repre- 
sented at the Celebration ; from a very few no reply was received. 
The names of the Delegates sent by the various Universities will be found 
in Appendix B. 

Aberdeen : Aberdeen and North of 
Scot.Coll. of Agriculture. 

„ St. Mary's College, Blairs. 

„ United Free Church Col- 

Aberystwilh : University College of 

Adelaide : University. 
Aix-en-Provence : University of Aix- 

Albany, N.Y. : University of the State 

of New York. 
Algiers : University. 
Allahabad : University. 
Amsterdam : University. 

„ Royal Academy of 

Ann Arbor, Mich. : University of 


Athens : University. 

Auckland, N.Z. : University College. 

Baltimore, Md. : Johns Hopkins Uni- 

Bangor : University College of North 

Basel : University. 

Beirut : Syrian Protestant College. 

Belfast : Assembly's College. 
„ Queen's College. 

Belgrade : University. 

Berkeley, Cal.: University of California. 

Berlin : University. 

„ Royal Prussian Academy of 

Bern : University. 

Besan9on : University. 

Birmingham : University. 

Bologna : University. 



Bombay : University. 

Bonn : University. 

Bordeaux : University. 

Breslau : University. 

Bristol : University College. 

Brussels : University. 

„ Royal Academy of Bel- 


Bucharest : University. 

Buda-Pesth : University. 

Buenos Ayres : University. 

Burlington, Vt. : University of Ver- 

Caen : University. 

Cairo : El Azhar. 

Calcutta : University. 

„ Asiatic Society of Bengal. 

Cambridge : University. 

„ Girton College {The 

„ Newnham College (The 

„ Westminster Presby- 

terian College {The Principal). 

Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard Uni- 

Capetown : University of the Cape of 
Good Hope. 
„ South African College. 

Cardiff: University of Wales. 

„ University College of South 
Wales and Monmouth. 

Charkov : University. 

Charlottesville, Va. : University of 

Chicago : University. 

Christiania : University. 

Cirencester : Royal Agricultural Col- 
lege {The Priticipal). 

Clermont-Ferrand : University of 

Cleveland, O. : Western Reserve Uni- 
Coimbra : University. 
Colombo : Ceylon College of Medi- 
Constantinople : University. 
Copenhagen : University. 

„ Royal Danish Academy 

of Sciences. 
Cork : Queen's College. 
Cracow^ : University. 
Dijon : University. 
Dublin : Trinity College. 

Catholic University of Ireland. 
Royal University of Ireland. 
Royal College of Physicians. 
Royal College of Surgeons. 
Royal Irish Academy. 
Dunedin : University of Otago. 
Durham : University. 
Edinburgh : University. 

,, Edinburgh and East of 

Scot. Coll. of Agricul- 
ture {The Principal). 
,, Educational Institute of 

„ Episcopal Church Col- 

,, Franco-Scottish Society. 

,, Free Church College. 

Heriot Watt College 
{The Principal). 
„ Royal College of Physi- 

„ Royal College of Surgeons. 

„ Royal (Dick) Veterinary 




Edinburgh : Royal Scottish Academy. 
„ Royal Society. 

„ United Free Church Col- 

Erlangen : University. 
Florence: Waldensian College {The 

Fredericton, N.B. : University of New 

Freiburg i. B.: University. 
Galway : Queen's College. 
Geneva : University. 
Genoa : University. 
Ghent : University. 
Giessen : University. 
Glasgow : University. 

„ Faculty of Physicians and 

,, United Free Church Col- 

„ West of Scotland College of 

Agriculture {The Prin- 
„ West of Scotland Technical 

College {The Principal). 
Gottingen : University. 

„ Royal Society of Sciences. 

Grahamstown : Rhodes University 

Granada : University. 
Gratz : University. 
Greifswald : University. 
Grenoble : University. 
Groningen : University. 
Halifax, N.S. : Dalhousie University. 
Halle : University. 

,, Leopold-Caroline Academy. 
Hartford, Conn.: Trinity College. 
Havana : University. 

Heidelberg : University. 

Helsingfors : University of Finland. 

Hobart : University of Tasmania. 

Innsbruck : University. 

Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University. 

Jena : University. 

Juriev (Dorpat) : University. 

Kasan : University. 

Kiel : University. 

Kiev :. University. 

Kingston, Ont.: Queen's University. 

Konigsberg : University. 

Kyoto : University. 

Lahore : University of the Panjab. 

Leeds: University. 

Leipzig : University. 

,, Royal Saxon Society of Sci- 
Leyden : University. 
Liege : University. ^ 
Lille : University. 
Lima : University. 

Lincoln, Nebr. : University of Neb- 
Liverpool : University. 
London : University. 

Bedford College {The Prin- 
,, British Academy. 

„ British Association {The 

„ British Medical Association 

{The President). 
„ Charing Cross Hospital 

Medical School. 
„ Chemical Society. 
„ General Medical Council 

{The President). 
,, Gray's Inn. 



London : Guy's Hospital Medical 
„ Inner Temple. 

,, King's College. 

,, Lincoln's Inn. 

,, London Hospital Medical 

,, Middle Temple. 

,, Middlesex Hospital Medical 

,, Pharmaceutical Society. 

,, Royal Academy. 

,, Royal College of Physicians. 

„ Royal College of Surgeons. 

,, Royal Holloway College 

{The Principal). 
„ Royal Society. 
,, St. Bartholomew's Hospital 

Medical School. 
„ St. George's Hospital Medi- 

cal School. 
,, St. Mary's Hospital Medical 
St. Thomas's Hospital Medi- 
cal School. 
„ School of Medicine for 

Women {The Principal). 
„ Society of Apothecaries. 

„ United Royal College of 

Science and School of 
,, University College. 

,, Westminster Hospital Medi- 

cal School. 
Louvain : University. 
Lund : University. 
Lyon : University. 

Madison, Wis. : University of Wiscon- 
Madras : University. 

Madrid: University. 

Manchester : Victoria University. 

Marburg : University. 

Melbourne : University. 

Mexico : University. 

Minneapolis, Minn. : University of 

Modena : University. 
Monte Video : University. 
Montpellier : University. 
Montreal : MacGill University. 
Moscow : University. 
Munich : University. 

,, Royal Bavarian Academy of 

Nancy : University. 
Naples : University. 
Newcastle-on-Tyne : Armstrong Col- 
New Haven, Conn. : Yale University. 
New York : Columbia University. 
Nottingham : University College. 
Odessa : University. 
Ottawa : Royal Society of Canada. 
Oxford : University. 

,, Lady Margaret College {Tlie 

„ Manchester College (The 

„ Mansfield College (The Prin- 

„ Somerville College {The Prin- 
Padua : University. 
Palermo : University. 
Palo Alto, Cal. : Leland Stanford 

Junior University. 
Paris : University. 

„ Acad^mie fran^aise. 

,, Institut de France. 



Parma : University. 
Pavia : University. 
Pekin : University. 
Perugia : University. 
Philadelphia : University of Pennsyl- 
,, American Philosophical 

Pisa : University. 
Poitiers : University. 
Prague : Bohemian University. 

„ German University. 
Princeton, N.J.: University. 
Providence, R.I. : Brown University. 
Quebec : Laval University. 
Quito : University of Ecuador. 
Rennes : University. 
Rio : University. 
Rome : University. 

,, Gregorian University. 
,, Reale Accademia dei Lincei. 
„ Scots College. 
Rostock: University. 
St. Andrews : University. 
St. Petersburg : University. 

„ Imperial Academy of 

Military Medicine. 
„ Imperial Academy of 

Salamanca : University. 
Santiago : University of Chile. 
Seville : University. 
Sheffield : University. 
Siena : University. 
Sophia : University. 
Stockholm : Royal Swedish Academy 
of Sciences. 

Strassburg : University. 

Sydney : University. 

„ Royal Society of New South 


Tokyo : University. 

Tomsk : University. 

Toronto : University. 

Toulouse : University. 

Tiibingen : University. 

Turin : University. 

„ Royal Academy of Sciences. 

Upsala : University. 

„ Royal Society of Sciences. 

Urbana, 111. : University of Illinois. 

Utrecht : University. 

Valetta : University of Malta. 

Valladolid : University. 
,, Scots College. 

Vienna : University. 

„ Imperial Academy of 

Warsaw : University. 

Washington, D.C. : Carnegie Institute. 
„ National Academy 

of Sciences. 
„ Smithsonian Insti- 


Wellington, N.Z. : University of New 

Williamsburg, Va. : William and Mary 

Windsor, N.S. : King's University. 

Winnipeg : University of Manitoba. 

Worcester, Mass. : Clark University. 

Wiirzburg : University. 

Ziirich : University, 


B. Distinguished Guests Specially Invited. 
The text of the Invitation to the specially invited Guests was, with 
necessary modifications, practically the same as that to Universities, with 
the exception of the last paragraph, which was as follows : — 

" Te etiam, vir clarissime, inter multos alios et doctos et illustres, qui 
" apud nos et ubique gentium laudibus efferuntur, oramus ut per dies festos 
"nobiscum esse velis, amicus et hospes Universitatis totiusque civitatis 
" Aberdonensium, quod si feceris, ad summam laetitiam nostram velut 
" cumulus accesseris ". 

The List of Invitations to individuals as closed in February, 1906, 
numbered 386, of whom 154 accepted, but some of these were prevented 
from attending, while a few names were subsequently added. A complete 
list of those who were actually present is given in Appendix I., together 
with the hosts by whom they were entertained in Aberdeen. In selecting 
the names of distinguished persons for invitation, the Senatus and the Com- 
mittee endeavoured as far as possible to make the list representative of the 
various departments of Literature, Art, Science, Philosophy and Public Life. 

A certain number of names was included in view of special circum- 
stances. Thus, invitations were sent to the Right Honourable Lord 
Elphinstone, as the head of the Elphinstone Family, of which the Founder 
of King's College was a member ; and to Mr. Skene Keith, London, who 
was understood to be a representative of the Earls Marischal in the 
male line. The Most Rev. Father David Fleming, Provincial of the 
Franciscans, was present, as the representative in this country of the Grey 
Friars, the Monastic Order whose connection with the early history and 
site of the Marischal College Buildings is well known. The invitation to 
His Serene Highness the Prince of Monaco was suggested, as well by the 
Prince's scientific reputation as an Oceanographer and Naturalist, as 
by the fact that about the time of the Celebrations he was expected to be 
passing down the East Coast of Scotland in his yacht, on his way from 
an Arctic expedition. The foundation of a University at Aberdeen by 
Bishop Elphinstone having been effected under the sanction of a Bull of 


Pope Alexander the Sixth, and several succeeding Popes having con- 
ferred favours on the University in the early years of its existence, it was 
considered fitting that a special letter should be addressed to Pope Pius 
X., to which His Holiness sent a most cordial reply by the hands of the 
Right Rev. Monsignor Eraser. The letter, which was drawn up by 
Professor Harrower, was as follows : — 

Cancellarius, Curia, Senatus 
Universitatis Aberdonensis, 
S. P. D. 

Peracto jam spatio quadringentorum annorum postquam condita est 
Academia Nostra, banc tarn faustam felicemque occasionem Sacris Saecu- 
laribus celebrareet amicos cultoresque doctrinae in partem laetitiae nostrae 
vocare propositum habemus. 

Animis gratissimis hodie recordamur quanta Sedi Apostolicae debeat 
haecce nostra Universitas Aberdonensis. Cum enim Jacobus Ouartus, 
Scotorum Rex animadvertisset in partibus Regni sui Borealibus habitare 
homines rudes et literarum ignaros et fere indomitos ad ALEX AN DRUM 
SEXTUM Pontificem Maximum precibus et obsecratione accessit, qui 
Studium Generale in Aberdonia Veteri instituendum curavit quo scientiae 
Margaritam pretiosissinimn acquirerent ignarique scientes et rudes eruditi 
efficerentur. Quid plura commemoremus ? Ecquis nostratium ignorare 
potest quanta nobis olim contulerit beneficia lULIUS SECUNDUS, quanta 
CLEMENS SEPTIMUS, quanta PAULUS TERTIUS? Quibus, ita confirmata 
fundatione nostra ut et in hisce terris Aquilonibus eluceret taeda sapi- 
entiae atque veritatis, pro immortalibus in Academiam Nostram beneficiis 
gratias maximas et agimus et habemus. 

Quapropter baud immemores tot vinculorum artissimorum quibus 
Romae Maximae conjuncti sumus, impense te precamur ut legatum hu- 
manissime mittere velis quem festis caerimoniisque nostris interfuturum 
medio mensi Septembri hospitio excipiamus, 

J. Marshall Lang, 

Univ. Aberd. Vice Cancellarius et Praefectus, 
Dabamus Aberdoniae, 
Kal. April. MCMVL 

The reply will be found on page 547. 


C Honorary Graduates and Veteran Alumni. 

The holders of the Honorary Degrees of Doctor of Divinity and 
Doctor of Laws of the University received a special invitation in Latin 
prepared by Professor Harrower at the Committee's request. It was also 
thought an appropriate thing that the Veteran Alumni should be recognised 
as a separate group, the qualification for admission being the fact of matricu- 
lation at either of the two Universities of King's College or Marischal 
College not later than the year 1850. They received an invitation in the 
same terms as that of the Honorary Graduates. It was as follows : — 

Cancellarius, Curia, Senatus 
Universitatis Aberdonensis 

S. R D. 

Iam peraftum est spatium Quadringentorum Annorum cum Academia 
nostra, omnibus Facultatibus tandem rite instru(5ta, notissimaeque illius 
potita Sedis, quam nos hodie paene cum veneratione intuemur, ad optima 
studia excolenda in meliusque provehenda summa ope incumbere coepit, 
ne in hisce terris Septentrionalibus, longa inviaque via a ceteris tum 
sejuncftis, quasi caeca caligine obrueretur lumen doftrinae. 

Gratissimis igitur animis recordati quanta per tot annos ad homines 
qualiscunque ordinis longe lateque ab hoc sancto et augusto fonte permana- 
rint beneficia, memoriam tam felicis faustique eventus Sacris Saecularibus 
medio mense Septembri celebrare propositum habemus. 

Peropportune autem cadit quod hoc ipso anno absolvetur opus Col- 
legium Mariscallanum novis exornandi aedificiis, quae ut sint praestabilia 
jamdiu gnaviter dant operam et pii alumni et fautores alii Scientiae, ne 
quid vel utile vel honestum desit nostrae dilectissimae studiorum nutrici : 
quapropter Collegii Regii dum aguntur ludi natalicii, aedes has quoque 
recentiores artibus et disciplinis liberalibus dedicatas visum est inaugurare. 

Et magnam quidem laetitiam affert quod sperare licet Regem nostrum 
honoratissimum, Eduardum VII., precibus nostris benignissime obsecutum, 
praesentia sua ac vultu illustraturum esse festa et caerimonias. 

Occasione hac tam laeta maxime decet congregari ad Almam Matrem 


laude prosequendam omnes ejus filios seu naturales seu adoptivos : itaque 
animis libentissimis ad ferias concelebrandas te, Domine, invitamus, com- 
iterque rogamus ut ante diem primum mensis Mali ad Praesidem nostrum 
rescribere velis an sis nobiscum adfuturus, 

J. Marshall Lang, 

Vice Cancellarius et Praeses. 

Dabamus Aberdoniae 

Die primo mensis Febr. MCMVL 

D. Student Delegates. 
Invitations were issued in name of the Students' Representative 
Council to similar Students' Societies in all the Universities where such 
organisations were known to exist. The invitation, which was in Latin, 
was not only subscribed but was also composed by the President of 
the Students' Council, Mr. Andrew R. Williamson, a Master of Arts of 
the University with First Class Honours in Classics. The invitation 
was tastefully printed in black and red, with a marginal representa- 
tion of an Arts Student, in College cap and red gown, bearing aloft a 
banner with the arms and motto of his University delineated thereon. 
The invitation was in the following terms : — 

Juventuti Studiosae Universitatis 

S. R D. 

Volumus nos juventus studiosa Universitatis Abredoniensis vobis pro 
prisca sodalitate nostra et caritate valde commendari. Quod iam elapsus 
est Annus Quadringentesimus post iacta fundamenta aedificiorum Univer- 
sitatis nostrae, et quod praeterea, Deo Optimo Maximo adjuvante, iam in 
eo est ut nova quaedam antiquis addita ad finem adducantur, placuit cum 
Academiae nostrae tum huic Civitati festa saecularia, parte quasi curriculi 
aetatis academicae iam confecta, circa Idus Septembres anni MCMVL 
celebrare. Quod propositum adsequentibus nobis in animo est collegas 
nortros ex omnibus orbis terrae partibus, ut caerimoniis adsint, invitare. 
Tta enim potissimum videtur concordia ilia quam Universitas Universitati 
tamquam sorori soror praestare debet, aucta et confirmata numquam lan- 
guescere sed mutua voluntate florere in perpetuum. 


Accedit ut huic tarn auspicatae occasion! Eduardus VII. rex noster 
singularis et ampHssimus, qua est benignitate, se adfuturum pollicitus sit. 

Ceterum mirifico gaudio nos ipsos nedum totam Academiam et cives 

Abredonienses adficietis, si legatum ad nos miseritis quocum hospite et 

amico ferias illas natalicias Universitatis nostrae et caerimonias omnes, laeti 

ut in re festa, communicemus. Hoc tantum rogamus ut nos quem eligeritis, 

certiores quam maturissime faciatis. 

Andreas R. Williamson, 

Consilii Stiidentium Praefes. 
Datum Abredoniae 
Kal. Ian. MCMVI. 

E. General Council and other Graduates. 
The invitation to Members of the General Council of the University 
and other Ordinary Graduates was in the following terms : — 

University of Aberdeen, 
xst March, igo6. 


It is proposed to celebrate, about the middle of the month of September 
of this year, the Quatercentenary of the foundation of the University of 
Aberdeen. In the year 1505-6 there were completed, by Bishop Elphin- 
stone, the original University buildings in Old Aberdeen, and the teaching 
College he there founded was then fully equipped in all the Faculties. 

By a happy coincidence, the approaching month of September will 
bring to a close the scheme of extension of the buildings at Marischal 
College, which has occupied the attention of the University for some years 
past. It is confidendy expected that His Majesty The King will be present 
and will graciously inaugurate the new buildings. 

The University is desirous that all her sons and daughters be made 
welcome. Should you wish to be present, it is requisite, in order to enable 
the Committee to make all necessary arrangements, that you intimate this 
to the Joint Hon. Secretaries of the Quatercentenary Committee on the 
enclosed form not later than 15th April ^ next. Notice of the exact date of 
the Celebration will be given as soon as His Majesty's pleasure has been 
made known. 

John Marshall Lang, 

Convener of Quatercentenary Committee. 

1 In Invitations sent abroad the date was 15th May. 


F. Officials. 

Certain officials of the University, Examiners for Degrees and others, 
who were not Members of the General Council, received invitations in the 
following form : — 

University of Aberdeen. 
Quatercentenary Celebrations. 

The University, 
Aberdeen, July, igo6. 

The Quatercentenary of the Foundation of the University of 
Aberdeen is to be celebrated from the 25th to the 28th of September 

By a happy coincidence, the month of September will bring to a close 
the scheme of extension of the buildings at Marischal College, which has 
occupied the attention of the University for some years past, and His 
Majesty The King has graciously signified his intention of performing the 
Inauguration Ceremony on Thursday, 27th September. 

The University is desirous to welcome at the Celebrations all who are 
in any way connected with her. If you desire to be present, it is requisite, 
in order to enable the Committee to make all necessary arrangements, that 
you fill up and return the enclosed Form to the Joint Honorary Secretaries, 
Marischal College, Aberdeen, on or before 14th August, 

Tickets will be ready for distribution not later than ist September, 
and, if you are to be present, it is necessary to advise the Honorary 
Secretaries to what address you desire yours to be posted, or whether you 
prefer to call for them at the Reception Rooms in the Society of Ad- 
vocates' Buildings, Broad Street. 

In the hope that you will be able to be present I have the pleasure of 
enclosing : — 

1. Programme of the Celebrations. 

2. List of Hotels and available Lodgings. 

3. Railway Time Table, with Form annexed to be filled up and 

4. A Coupon, on presentation of which Return Tickets will be issued 


at the rate of a Single Fare and a Quarter. The Coupon and also the 
relative Declaration appended, should the latter be required, must have 
the blanks filled in before presentation. 

John Marshall Lang, 

Convener of Quater centenary Committee. 

G. Students. 

A Circular was issued by the Students' Representative Council to all 
Matriculated Students, giving a full Programme and directions regarding 
the various Ceremonials and Entertainments in which the Students were 
invited to take part, and enclosing a Form to be filled up so as to indi- 
cate the several functions at which the Student desired to be present. 

The arrangements connected with these Entertainments were carried 
out by an active and efficient Committee consisting of: A. R. Williamson, 
M.A. ; James Watt, M. A. ; James Donaldson ; W. Wilson Jameson, M.A. ; 
H. G. Wilson; A. G. Anderson, M.A. ; A. F. Wallace; H. Middleton ; 
J. H. Edwards, M.A. ; and H. Wiseman. 

Excellent service was also rendered by a number of Students who 
acted as Ushers in connexion with the Chapel Service, the Procession, 
the Reception of Delegates, and the Inauguration of the New Buildings 
by the King. (See pp. 302-14.) They were under the direction of 
Professor Terry, who had general charge of the assembling and mar- 
shalling at these ceremonials. 

Besides the Invitations to which reference has been made in the fore- 
going pages. Tickets of admission to certain of the more important 
Ceremonies were sent to members of the Town Council, of the Convener 
Court of the Incorporated Trades, and of the Court of the Lieutenancy 
of the County ; to representatives of various local boards, institutions and 
professional bodies ; to the Provosts of Edinburgh, Glasgow, Dundee and 
Inverness ; to all Subscribers to the Building Extension Fund and other 
Benefactors ; to all Hosts and Hostesses who were entertaining University 


The Lists having been finally adjusted, the Invitations to Universities 
and Learned Institutions (265 in number) were despatched on 26th and 
27th February and to Distinguished Individuals (386 in number) on 17th 
and 1 8th April, 1906, except those destined for countries outside Europe, 
which were sent off in the beginning of April. 

The Invitations to Honorary Graduates and Veteran Alumni, number- 
ing 355, and to Members of the General Council and Ordinary Graduates, 
numbering 3,796, were despatched on 6th March, 1906. 

The replies to the Invitations at once began to pour in ; by the 
beginning of May acceptances had been received from 1,336 Graduates of 
the University, and 90 specially invited Guests, and the appointment 
of 82 delegates from Universities, etc., had been announced. In the end 
of June it was found necessary to send out a reminder to those Uni- 
versities and specially invited persons from whom no reply had been re- 
ceived. The total number of acceptances was as follows : — 

Members of General Council and Ordinary Graduates . . 1492 

Honorary Graduates . . . . . .. .126 

Delegates from Universities (including 29 Student Delegates) . 259 

Specially Invited Guests . . . . . . . .115 

A large number of the replies from Universities and a few from in- 
dividuals were in Latin, others in English, while the rest were in the lan- 
guages of the writers. A selection of these will be found in Appendix H. 


As already mentioned, a rough outline of the proceedings had been 
tentatively adopted in June, 1904, and this formed the basis for discussion 
and consultation by the special Committee (subsequently reconstituted 
and known as the Convener's Committee) appointed to draw up a pro- 
gramme for final adoption. This work received a most timely impetus, 
and much valuable information was acquired, through a visit which a small 
Sub-Committee paid to Edinburgh and Glasgow in Jul>', 1905, for the 
purpose of obtaining, at first-hand, details regarding the methods adopted 


and the cost incurred in carrying out University Celebrations similar to 
those which Aberdeen University had in prospect. The visit was 
organised by Mr. James Murray, Convener of the Hospitality Committee, 
and useful information was obtained regarding the Edinburgh University 
Tercentenary Celebrations in April, 1884, the Ninth Jubilee Celebration of 
Glasgow University in June, 1901, and the Tercentenary Festival of the 
University of Dublin in July, 1892, The information regarding the latter 
was obtained from Professor D. J. Cunningham, M.D,, now of Edinburgh, 
who at the time of the Dublin Celebration was Professor of Anatomy in 
Trinity College, Dublin, and as Convener of the Executive Committee had 
the principal charge of the arrangements connected with that Festival. 

During the Autumn of 1905 the different Sub-Committees continued 
to make satisfactory progress in the work committed to them, but a 
very important development in the arrangements took place when, at a 
meeting of the General Committee on 23rd November, the Principal 
announced that he was authorised to state that His Majesty the King, in 
response to a respectful request to that effect on behalf of the University, 
had definitely expressed his intention of being present to inaugurate the 
new buildings at Marischal College on a date about the middle of September 
ensuing. This announcement was naturally received with the greatest 
pleasure, not only by the University Authorities, but by the whole com- 
munity of Aberdeen, and the feeling was intensified when, at a later stage, 
it became known that the Queen had graciously signified her intention of 
accompanying the King on his visit to Aberdeen. 

The expected presence of Their Majesties in the city rendered it 
necessary that preparations on an altogether larger scale should be under- 
taken. In order that arrangements to meet the new circumstances might at 
once be set on foot, a Conference with the Lord Provost and representatives 
of the Town Council was held. As the result of preliminary deliberation, 
the Lord Provost was able to report at the Conference that the Town 
Council, recognising the importance of the occasion, had taken up the 
matter very heartily and would cordially co-operate with the Univer- 


sity in making the occasion a memorable one. The Corporation were 
prepared to undertake the responsibility of receiving and entertaining 
Their Majesties while in the city and of making all necessary arrange- 
ments other than those immediately connected with the Inauguration 
Ceremony. In addition, it was intimated that the Corporation proposed 
to give a banquet in the Music Hall, as part of their contribution towards 
the entertainment of the University's distinguished guests. 

The arrangements for the visit of Their Majesties entailed many 
meetings and much anxious deliberation on the part of the University 
and the Municipal Authorities, and in connection with these arrange- 
ments they received most valuable aid and advice from the Rector, Sir 
Frederick Treves. The week within which the visit would take place was 
made known in the end of May, but the actual date was not decided on 
until the second week of July. Long before this time, however, the 
order of proceedings and most of the arrangements connected therewith 
had been fully discussed, drawn up and officially sanctioned. 

It was considered that the proceedings of the week would most suit- 
ably be inaugurated by a Commemorative Service, but unfortunately the 
very limited accommodation in the University Chapel, King's College, 
rendered it imperative that the invitations be confined to the Delegates 
and special Guests, Honorary Graduates and a small section of Ordinary 
Graduates to whom the spare tickets were allotted by ballot. For the 
benefit of those Graduates and Students who could not be admitted on the 
opening day, a special service in the Chapel was arranged to be held on 
the preceding Sunday, when the Reverend P. T. Forsyth, D.D., Principal 
of Hackney College, London, and a Graduate of Aberdeen University, 
occupied the pulpit. (See Appendix E.) 

The arrangement of the other functions in the Quatercentenary week 
depended of course upon the date fixed for the inauguration of the new 
buildings, but after this had been settled, it became possible to adjust the 
order of the various proceedings, and to issue the final programme, which 
was as follows : — 


Tuesday, 2^th Sept. 

10.30 A.M. Service in the University Chapel, King's College. 

2.15 P.M. Procession from Marischal College to the Strathcona Hall of 

University Authorities, Town Council, Delegates, University 

Guests, Honorary Graduates, General Council, Students. 
3.30 P.M. Reception in the Strathcona Hall of Delegates and University 

Guests ; and Presentation of Addresses. 
8.0 P.M. Banquet in the Music Hall, given by the Lord Provost, 

Magistrates and Town Council, 
8.30 P.M. Torchlight Procession by Students. 

Wednesday, 26th Sept. 

Conferring of Honorary Degrees in the Mitchell Hall, Maris- 
chal College. 

Sports in King's College Recreation Ground. 
Reception by the University in King's College Library. 
Students' Ball in the Music Hall. 

Reception in the Art Gallery by the Chairman of the Gallery 


Inauguration of the New Buildings, Marischal College, by 
HIS MAJESTY THE KING who will be accompanied by 

The Trinity Hall of the Seven Incorporated Trades will be 
open to all Delegates, Guests, and Members of the University, 
with ladies : Tea and Coffee. 

Banquet in the Strathcona Hall, given by the Chancellor. 
Display of Fireworks on the Broad Hill, provided by the 
Town Council. 

3.30 P.M. Reception at the Royal Infirmary of Members of the Medical 

Profession by the Directors and Medical Staff. 
8.30 to ii.o P.M. University At Home in Marischal College. 
9.30 P.M. Students' Symposium in the Music Hall. 

II.O A.M. 

2.0 P.M. 

3.0 to 5.0 P.M. 

8.0 P.M. 

8.30 to II P.M. 

Thursday, 2'jth Se^ 

I.O P.M. 

3.0 to 6.0 P.M. 

8.0 P.M. 

9.0 P.M. 

Friday, 28th Sept. 


To the programme, as at first drawn up, one important event had 
been added. At a meeting of the Convener's Committee held on 8th 
June, 1906, the Principal announced that having recently spent a few 
days with the Chancellor, Lord Strathcona, at Knebworth Park, his 
Lordship had expressed his intention of being present at the festival in 
September, unless unforeseen circumstances should arise, and had stated 
that he wished his contribution to the Celebrations to take the form of a 
dinner or banquet, at which he desired that not only all the Delegates and 
invited Guests but all Graduates and other members of the University tak- 
ing part in the Celebrations should be invited to be present. His Lordship 
had further indicated his desire that no apparent difficulties, financial or 
otherwise, should be allowed to stand in the way of the carrying out of his 
plan in the best possible manner. This announcement was received with 
great satisfaction by the Committee, who authorised the Principal to con- 
vey to Lord Strathcona their most cordial thanks for his munificent pro- 
posal. It was at once realised that this offer, entailing as it did the 
construction of a building capable of accommodating so large a body of 
guests, would go far to solve a difficulty which had begun seriously to 
confront the Committee, namely, where to find a hall large enough to 
contain the audience which might be expected to assemble at some of the 
ceremonies and notably at the Reception of University Delegates and 
specially invited Guests, which was to form the principal and most inter- 
esting feature of the Opening Day. The Committee had engaged for the 
week the whole of the Music Hall Buildings, but the Large Hall was 
not capable of holding more than about 2,000 persons, and it was certain 
that the number of those taking part in the Celebrations would largely 
exceed that figure. The possession of such a hall as that now in contem- 
plation by the Chancellor rendered it possible that the Ceremony should 
be conducted with dignity and impressiveness and that every one con- 
nected with the University should have the opportunity of being present. 

Immediate steps were taken to give effect to the Chancellor's wishes. 
A special Sub-Committee set to work to find a suitable location for the 


Banquet Hall, and they were not long in fixing on a site which proved to 
be admirably adapted for the purpose. Under a Scheme of City Improve- 
ment, the Town Council had, some time before, acquired a large area of 
ground on the east side of Gallowgate, and had cleared it of the old and 
insanitary tenements with which it was crowded. The ground was now 
lying vacant — it was of ample dimensions, measuring about 2| acres — and 
it was within lOo yards of the gate of Marischal College and on the same 
line of street. It was thus in every wa}' suitable as a site for the proposed 
hall, and its use was readily granted by the Town Council for the purpose. 

Plans of a hall designed to accommodate about 2,500 guests seated 
at table were prepared by Mr. Marshall Mackenzie, the architect of the 
Marischal College Extensions. When clear of tables and seated for an 
audience, the hall was arranged to hold 4,740 people. The cost of 
erecting the building, with incidental expenses, amounted to ;^3,400. 

In consequence of the primary use to which the hall was to be put, 
very special arrangements had to be made in the way of providing con- 
venient accesses, cloak-room facilities, kitchens, service rooms, etc., and 
these details were not finally adjusted until after opportunity had been had 
of consultation with the purveyor of the banquet. The work connected 
with the selection of a Caterer to provide a feast on such a colossal scale 
entailed no little trouble and responsibility on the Sub-Committee entrusted 
with the arrangements for the banquet. After very full inquiry and con- 
sideration, the Sub-Committee drew up specifications for the banquet, and 
submitted them to several large purveying firms. The successful offerers 
were Messrs. Lyons & Co., Ltd., Cadby Hall, Kensington, who carried out the 
contract in a manner that amply justified their selection. The arranging 
of the Guests at the tables and the numbering and issuing of the tickets 
were committed to a small Sub-Committee with Dr. Westland as Con- 
vener. The principle adopted in arranging the Guests was that, so far 
as possible, all Graduates of the same year should be seated at the same 
table ; this plan worked most satisfactorily, and contributed greatly to the 
pleasure of the guests and the success of the entertainment. 



It was the desire of the University Authorities that all their Guests 
and the Delegates sent by Universities and other Learned Institutions 
should be received and entertained in the houses of friends during their 
stay in Aberdeen, The arrangements necessary for providing such 
hospitality and for otherwise securing the comfort of the Guests were 
committed to the Sub-Committee on Hospitality, of which Mr. James 
Murray was Convener. Mr. Murray's election to Parliament in the Spring 
of 1906 having made it necessary to have a Vice-Convener of this Sub- 
Committee, Mr. D. M. M. Milligan was appointed to the post, and the 
work was thereafter carried on under his guidance. A Circular was issued 
to a large number of citizens of Aberdeen and the immediate neighbour- 
hood, inquiring whether they would be willing to extend hospitality to 
any of the University Guests. The response was most hearty, over 225 
persons undertaking to receive Guests ; and the Sub-Committee was thus 
enabled to offer hospitality to all. The names of the Hosts are given in 
Appendix B. 

Communications were entered into with all the various Railway 
Companies, with a view to special facilities being allowed to persons 
coming to Aberdeen for the Celebrations. After considerable negotiation, 
arrangements were made for the running of special trains from London, 
and for the issue of tickets at reduced rates. 

Careful provision was also made for the guidance and comfort of the 
strangers — particularly of those from foreign countries — on their arrival 
in Aberdeen. The Medico-Chirurgical Society, in addition to other valu- 
able services rendered by it, organised a band of '* Linguist Guides," who 
were deputed to meet strangers on their arrival at the Railway Station, 
direct them to the house of their host, and remain at their disposal if 
required, for guidance and assistance during the time of the Celebrations. 

For the benefit of ordinary Graduates and others attending the 



Festival, the Hospitality Sub-Committee compiled a List of Hotels, Board- 
ing-Houses and Lodgings in Aberdeen, with details as to situation, accom- 
modation and terms, and copies of this List and Railway Time Tables, 
etc., were sent to every one who intimated his intention of being present. 

Through the kindness of the Society of Advocates, their Hall and 
suite of rooms in Broad Street were placed at the disposal of the Uni- 
versity, for the purposes of a Central Office and Reception Rooms. 
Delegates and Guests here registered their attendance on arrival, and 
obtained all official publications and information. A Branch Post Office 
was established in the buildings, and on the upper floor were Tea Rooms, 
Writing and Reading Rooms, etc., where visitors could conduct their 
correspondence, and meet their friends. 


An interesting and important part of the preparatory work for the 
Quatercentenary was that devoted to the compilation and issue of certain 
historical and commemorative volumes in connection with the Celebrations. 
In the case of similar celebrations in this country, such publications have 
usually been confined to a couple of volumes, the one issued prior to the 
festival consisting of a more or less elaborated History of the University, 
and the other issued after the event, being an Official Record of the 
Celebrations with Lists of Guests, Reports of Speeches, copies of Con- 
gratulatory Addresses, etc. In America and in some of the Continental 
Universities it has been usual also to send out on such occasions volumes 
of " Studies " or " Transactions " containing monographs and essays on 
specific subjects and records of original research by members of the 
teaching staff and graduates, calculated to show the kind of work being 
carried on in the University. 

In Aberdeen it was resolved to aim at the issuing of a certain number 
of volumes coming under both of these categories, to be used for presenta- 
tion to all Universities or Institutions of University rank that should send 
Delegates or Addresses ; and the carrying out of the scheme was entrusted 


to a Publications Committee under the Convenership of Mr. P. J. Anderson, 
the Librarian of the University. 

It was at first contemplated that one or more volumes might be 
compiled containing papers by members of the Teaching Staff which 
should be representative of the work of the principal departments 
embraced in the five Faculties of Arts, Divinity, Law, Science and 
Medicine. For various reasons this proposal had to be departed from, 
and a modified scheme was adopted in its place, taking the form of a 
volume, edited by Mr. Anderson, of Studies in the History and Develop- 
ment of the University of Aberdeen, containing twelve essays by the 
Principal and certain Professors of the University and other contributors, 
dealing with such subjects as the Founders of the two Universities, the 
Principals, the relation of the University to Philosophy, History, Natural 
Science, Law, Medicine, New Testament Learning, and Education^ the 
Buildings, and a Bibliography of the University. 

Besides this collection, which dealt historically with certain branches 
of the University's activity, three volumes were issued containing speci- 
mens of the actual work of members of the University, 

Under the editorship of Professor W. M. Ramsay, a volume of 
Studies in the History and Art of the Eastern Provinces of the Roman 
Empire was issued, the papers being written by the distinguished editor 
and seven of his pupils, all Honours Graduates in Arts of Aberdeen, and 
describing some of the results of exploration and research in Phrygia, 
Lycaonia, and other parts of Asia Minor. 

The concurrence of the date of the Quatercentenary Celebrations 
with the twenty-fifth year of Professor Hamilton's tenure of the Sir 
Erasmus Wilson Professorship of Pathology in the University suggested 
to several medical graduates in London that a fitting Memorial of both 
events would be a volume of Studies in Pathology written by former mem- 
bers of the class. The idea was heartily taken up and the result was a 
volume of original researches in the field of Pathology edited by Dr. 
William Bulloch and containing contributions by the Professor and eighteen 
former students, most of them holders of important public appointments. 


The third volume containing specimens of the work of Aberdeen 
men was arranged by Professor Harrower, who offered to edit, from 
materials in his hands, a collection of Greek Verse by graduates of 
Aberdeen, forming a second series of the Flosciili Gr<2ci Boreales, edited 
by the late Principal Sir W. D. Geddes and published in 1882. Owing 
to illness Professor Harrower was unfortunately prevented from taking up 
this work in time to have the volume ready for the Celebrations, and it 
was accordingly issued at a later date. 

The fifth volume of the series was A Roll of the Graduates of the 
University of Aberdeen, 1860-1900, by Colonel William Johnston, C.B., 
M.A., M.D. The preparation of this work was originally undertaken at 
the request of the General Council of the University, but having been 
completed shortly before the date of the Celebrations it was very ap- 
propriately included in the Quatercentenary series. Besides containing 
the names, arranged alphabetically, of all persons on whom degrees were 
conferred by the University during the period named, the Roll furnishes 
particulars in condensed form as to the birth, parentage, profession and 
career of each graduate. Appendices containing full lists of Honours 
and Honorary Graduates, tables of numbers of Degrees granted and 
other information add to the permanent value of a volume which is 
altogether a monument of careful and painstaking investigation and 

At the request of the Senatus, Mr. Ronald Campbell Macfie, a 

graduate of the University both in Arts and in Medicine, wrote an Ode 

for the Completion and Opening of the New Buildifigs of Marischal 

College, which was issued in pamphlet form and will be found reprinted 

in Appendix J. 

For the benefit of the many strangers visiting Aberdeen on the 
occasion, the Committee authorised the publication of a Hand-Book to the 
City and University of Aberdeen, which, with its carefully prepared plans 
and descriptions, was found of much practical use, while at the same time 
it formed an interesting and instructive memento of the Celebrations to 


those who did not care to have the larger volumes of the series. The 
part of the volume relating to the University was written by Mr. Robert 
Walker, M.A., the Secretary of the University Court, whose long and 
intimate connection with the affairs of the University enabled him to 
produce a sketch of the later history of the University of singular fresh- 
ness and originality. Full descriptions of the various departments ac- 
commodated in the new buildings, and excellent illustrations of the 
buildings, both exterior and interior, added to the usefulness of the 
hand-book. In the Second Part, Mr, A. M. Munro, the City Chamberlain, 
supplied a clear and succinct account of the history, progress and present 
condition of the city, with itineraries for the guidance and information of 
the visitor. 

Here may also be mentioned the Quatercentenary Directory^ prepared 
by Mr. Anderson and containing the detailed programmes of the various 
events in the Celebration week, a list of delegates and guests with the 
names and addresses of their hosts, followed by a converse list of the hosts 
with their guests' names appended, and other information. 

As the contribution of the students to the Quatercentenary Publica- 
tions, there was issued under the auspices of the Students' Representative 
Council a new edition of Neil N. Maclean's Life at a Northern University, 
edited by Mr. W. Keith Leask, M.A., with memoir of the author and 
illustrative notes. 

With the volumes already enumerated, besides the official Record of 
the Celebration of the Qjiatercentenary now issued, it will be readily admitted 
that the Publications Committee is to be congratulated on the production 
of a substantial and valuable body of literature, which, while associated 
with and commemorating the great festival of September, 1906, will 
assuredly maintain a permanent value of its own. A detailed description 
of the Quatercentenary volumes will be found in Appendix M,, where 
reference is also made to various other publications called forth by the 
Celebrations and issued by private enterprise, 

D. R. Thom. 

There dwells a wife by the Northern Gate 

And a wealthy wife is she, 
She breeds a breed of roving men 

And casts them over sea. 

The good wife's sons come home again 

With little into their hands, 
But the love of men that have dealt with men 

In the new and naked lands ; 
But the faith of men that have brothered men 

By more than easy breath, 
And the eyes o' men that ha' read wi' men 

In the open books of death. 

Home, they come home from all the ports. 

The living and the dead. 
The goodwife's sons come home again 

For her blessing on their head. 


15 or) - 06 



I. Commemoration Service in the University Chapel, 
King's College. 

I 7" ROM King's Cross to King's College — what a contrast to be effected in 
^ the darkness of one night ; and yet it was precisely because I had 
had to take this journey that the picturesqueness of the Quatercentenary 
made such an appeal. King's Cross on a dull September evening is 
very depressing. Approached by sordid, restless streets, all wanting badly 
to be rebuilt, it rises a characterless mass of dingy brick, cheerless and 
homeless. Fortunately the enlightenment of modern management per- 
mits us to sleep on wheels, and you awake at the end of twelve hours 
in sight of the blue North Sea, and the great bulwark rocks, and at 
the end of them the friendly lighthouse and the sheltering bay. 

The contrast of the streets in Aberdeen after the memory of the 
mean alleys of moth-eaten Bloomsbury, and the corruption of the 
Euston Road was vitalising. For the first time one understood that 
granite is the only building material on a large scale that can be decorated. 
The red cloth and the green wreaths against the grey stone, and even the 
paper roses (from Madrid) that bowered Union Street from end to end, 
gave a finer feeling of high holiday than any decorations I have ever seen. 
London with its constant grime makes such a scheme impossible after 
forty-eight hours ; while its smoke-shadowed walls afford no background. 

And yet it was very characteristic to find the attitude of doubt in the 
minds of many worthy people. Was not the occasion being overdone? 



Were not the decorations — well, bizarre ? We have all so great a sense of 
proportion up by the North Sea, varying from mere shyness to a positive 
subacidity which only an understanding courage can break down. Those 
of us who want to know the whys and the wherefores of affairs find it 
difficult to explain the individual depreciation of the splendid collective 
achievement of this magnificent occasion. But it was no time for psycho- 
logy and the " sickly conscience " ; for once, at least, one's visit to King's 
College was no scholastic pilgrimage. 

The College never had such a day. The sun shone as it rarely ventures 
to do on a September morning, and the empty streets of the Old Town, 
happily left behind in the noisy competition of train and tram, resounded 
with echoing wheels, their greyness varied for the nonce by a moving 
panorama of splendid costumes shepherded hither from every corner of 
the uniformed world. There were the Town Councillors in their sables 
and scarlet and gold chains ; there were French notables in long robes 
much begilded, and in picturesque headgears ; there were Russians in 
the astrakhan caftans and military uniforms in which every Muscovite 
seems to live ; while the rainbow effects of academic hoods puzzled all 
but the experts. It was a curious experiment, for the sense of the de- 
corative is not highly developed in the townsfolk, but the gaucherie which 
marked this first experiment in costume gradually wore off by the end of 
the week, 

Presbyterianism does not lend itself readily to pageantry, and in a 
Catholic country the scene from the point of view of show would have 
been much more'picturesque ; and yet, the inherent drabness of life in the 
North — for when you have to live in the face of the North Sea you can 
scarcely cultivate the kaleidoscopic — was an extremely interesting com- 
mentary upon the steadfastness of purpose amid many changes represented 
by the University's four hundredth birthday. As the procession of pro- 
fessors and distinguished guests filed up the chapel there was a reminis- 
cence of the vestmented processions which must have taken place in the 
early days when the prelates of Rome reigned supreme : but in the simple 


black gown and white bands of the preacher, the changes introduced by 
the great Genevan were symbolically brought home to us. What would 
Elphinstone, lying there in his pilfered tomb, have thought of the choir in 
the organ loft being occupied almost entirely by girls ; and what of the 
carven stalls being specially reserved as a place of honour for women ? 

The simplicity of the entire service was finely characteristic. The 
singing of the Old Hundredth, the prayer of the Moderator in the stately 
diction of the eighteenth-century divines, and the short sermon of Dr. 
Cowan. But in spite of the intensely personal and national feeling of the 
whole service, the catholicity of the University was reflected in the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury's reading of a Lesson, a gracious act which would 
have been impossible but a few years before. The same catholicity made 
it possible for an anthem, specially written by Professor Terry, to be sung 
by the choir, although within the memory of all of us a veteran professor 
had refused to take part in the service because an organ and anthems had 
been introduced. It was very strange to watch the almost bewildered 
look of some of the foreign delegates who could not speak English, for, 
by a somewhat inhospitable chance, the programme had been printed in 
English only. 

, A chapel with no vestments, and no altar, and no candles must have 
seemed strange to the guests from Roman Catholic countries. Truth to 
tell, some of us felt that a little more emotion, a little higher sense of 
the dramatic would have heightened the effect. As it was, a note of 
humble reverence was struck as the Church blessed what the Church 
had created 400 years before. 

J. M. Bulloch. 


The Commemoration Service began at 10.30 A.M. The accom- 
modation in the Chapel being limited, it was possible to issue invitations 
to only a small proportion of those attending the Celebrations. The door 
was opened at g.45, and ticket-holders for the Service, who were requested 
to wear academic costume, uniform, or morning dress, had to be in their 
seats by 10.20, after which there was no admission. The members of the 
University Court and Senatus, the Lord Provost and Magistrates, 
together with the University Officials and Lecturers, representatives 
from the General Council, Examiners, Assistants and Students' Repre- 
sentative Council assembled in the rooms of the Library at 10 A.M., and 
entered the Chapel in procession at 10.30. The apse was reserved for 
these, with a few seats behind the Founder's Tomb. The Delegates and 
Guests of the University occupied the Chairs on the floor of the Chapel 
and part of the ante-Chapel. The stalls on either side were reserved for 
ladies. The order of Service was as on the following pages. 

Order of Service. 

Psalm. \QO. 
Prayer : Offered by the Rev. Professor Nicol, D.D. 

We have heard with our ears, O God, our fathers have told us what 
work Thou didst in their days, in the times of old. 

Eternal and Almighty God, great and wonderful in Thy glory, 
graciously receive the sacrifices of prayer and praise which we bring to 
Thee, on this day of thankful commemoration, and in this House which, 
for many generations, has been dedicated to the worship of Thy Holy 

In the multitude of Thy mercy, O Lord, we have assembled, to show 
forth Thy loving kindness, and to stir up our mine's by way of remem- 
brance. We render Thee most humble and hearty thanks for all Thy 
goodness to our University from the day of its foundation unto the 
present hour. Thou didst preserve it in times of trial and of storm ; and 
for four hundred years Thou hast kept it as a lamp that ever burneth, as 
a home of learning ever hospitable, as a centre whence blessings for Thy 
world have ever been shed abroad. Gratefully we call to mind the story 
of the days that are gone ; gratefully we remember in Thy presence pious 
founders and munificent benefactors, wise rulers and able teachers, and 
those who, having received instruction within this University, have from 
age to age diffused its benefits throughout the earth. Our hearts are full 
of sacred memories ; and all those things whereof we are glad have come 
of Thee ; they are all Thine own. Now therefore, our God, we thank 
Thee and praise Thy glorious Name. Remember not our offences, nor 
the offences of our forefathers, but, for the sake of Jesus Christ our Lord, 
grant unto us Thy forgiveness, and vouchsafe the continuance of Thy gifts 
of Providence and of Grace. 

We bless Thee that we are permitted this day to see the fruition of 
long endeavour in that provision for enlarged boundaries of study to 
which many have offered willingly. Praise be to Thee who didst put this 
affection into their hearts, and who givest us thereby a token for good for 
the days to come. Hear our humble prayer that our University, being 
nourished by the dews of Thy Heaven, may be found sufficient for all 
increase of knowledge, and may be a well-spring of learning and of virtue, 
pure and fresh, unto all generations. 

Lift up Thy countenance upon us in this our season of joyful fellow- 
ship. Open to us new refreshment out of the fountain of Thy love ; and 
quicken within us all generous sympathies. May our spirits respond to 
the impulses of true brotherhood ; and when our festal season is ended 
may the recollections which we bear away be cords of love, drawing us 


closer to our University, to brethren with whom we have held communion, 
and to all who seek after truth and after whatsoever things are lovely and 
of good report. 

All this we ask in His Name who taught us to pray, saying : Our 
Father which art in Heaven, Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy kingdom 
come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in Heaven. Give us this day 
our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. 
And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil : For Thine is 
the Kingdom, and the Power, and the Glory, for ever. Amen. 

Lesson from the Old Testament : Proverbs iv. 7-27, read by the Rev. 
Principal Iverach, D.D., of the United Free Church College, Aber- 

Te Deum Laudamus. (Set to music by Sir Charles V. Stanford.) 

Lesson from the New Testament: i Corinthians xiii., read by His Grace 
the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury. 

Prayer : Offered by the Right Reverend T. B. W. Niven, D.D., Moderator 
of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. 

O Thou that hearest prayer, unto Thee shall all flesh come. Father 
of Spirits, whose tender mercies are over all Thy works, receive our humble 

Let Thy way be known upon earth, Thy saving health among all 
nations. Inspire continually the Universal Church with the Spirit of truth, 
unity, and concord. 

Regard in Thy mercy kings, princes, and rulers, that under them the 
peoples of the world may be righteously governed. Especially we remem- 
ber before Thee Thy servant, our Sovereign Lord, King Edward ; pre- 
serve his person in health and honour ; his crown in wealth and dignity ; 
his dominions in peace and plenty ; keep him perpetually in Thy fear and 
favour, and crown him with glory, honour and immortality. Make Thy 
blessing also to rest upon Her Majesty, Queen Alexandra, George, Prince 
of Wales, the Princess of Wales, and all the members of the royal family. 

Endue His Majesty's ministers and the senators of the realm with 
grace and understanding. Vouchsafe a spirit of wisdom to the magistrates 
of this city and those who are associated with them in council. Let all 
who are engaged in the public service so perform their duties that the 
Empire shall be ever built up in the righteousness that exalteth a nation. 

Let it please Thee to comfort, help and succour those who in this 
transitory life are in trouble, sorrow, need, sickness, or any adversity. 


God of all grace and Fountain of knowledge, we pray Thee to further 
the efforts of all who serve Thee in science, art and letters, and who en- 
deavour to alleviate suffering, and make the lives of Thy children and 
creatures more wholesome and happy. Prosper the work of schools, 
universities, and seats of learning. Hear us, when we commend this 
ancient University to Thy most gracious protection. Bless the Chancellor, 
the Rector and the Principal ; the Court and the Senatus ; the General 
Council and the Students' Representative Council. Enlighten and sanctify 
professors, lecturers, examiners, assistants, that they may ever be taught in 
the way of wisdom and led in right paths. Let those who receive instruc- 
tion here be found diligent in study, pure in heart, and noble in purpose ; 
and when they go forth from the University may they serve their genera- 
tion according to Thy will, ever faithful in spirit and strenuous in action. 
Reward all who, by their gifts and good offices, have advanced the interests 
of the University. From every untoward influence defend the goodly 
heritage transmitted to us from ages that are past : and grant that the 
days to come may bring increase of Thy favour, causing the light of 
Fearning and piety to shine with ever-growing brightness; through Jesus 
Christ our Lord. Amen. 

Anthem : Set to music ^ for the occasion by Professor C. Sanford Terry. 
Job xxviii. 12, 28; Proverbs ix. 10. 

Where shall Wisdom be found ? Where is the place of Understand- 
ing ? The Fear of the Lord is the Beginning of Wisdom ; and to depart 
from evil is Understanding. Amen. 

Sermon: Preached by the Rev, Professor Cowan, D.D. 

Text : Psalm xix. 4 — " Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the 
end of the world ". 

We have assembled in this ancient sanctuary from many regions of the 
world to commemorate the foundation of the University four centuries ago. 
For all our office-bearers and teachers, graduates and students, the cele- 
brations of this week have a deep significance — for very many a sacred 
interest. We have met to thank God for His past goodness to our Alma 
Mater, and to invoke His blessing for the time to come. We have met 
to revive happy memories of academic friendship and study, and to 
realise, as our revered Chancellor specially invites us to do, that " we being 
many are one" — a widely separated yet closely connected fraternity. We 
have met to take part, two days hence, under royal auspices, in the solemn 
dedication of our completed buildings, and simultaneously to dedicate 

' See Appendix I. 


ourselves afresh to the life-work assigned to us by God. We rejoice in 
the sympathy of our most gracious King and Queen ; of the honoured 
heads of our English and Scottish Churches ; of leading statesmen and 
civic dignitaries ; of a multitude of fellow-citizens and compatriots. And 
we have the welcome presence of distinguished representatives of sister 
Universities and Colleges, who have come from far and near to offer their 
congratulations, to attest our work, and to wish us God-speed. God bless 
us all ! 

Gratefully we recall to-day the two founders of our two Universities, 
which for nearly half a century have been happily united — on the one 
hand the venerated prelate whose signal virtue and service lit up the 
gloom of a degenerate era of the Church, and who more fully realised the 
description of a contemporary bishop by the bard of Abbotsford — 

Yet showed his meek and thoughtful eye 
But little pride of prelacy ; 

on the other hand, the illustrious nobleman, disciple of Beza, friend of 
Andrew Melville, favourite of James VI. without sycophancy, whose quaint 
motto, transmitted to his college, grandly disowns the fear of man, while 
his University charters emphatically inculcate the fear of God ; Elphinstone, 
a devout Catholic, loyal Churchman, and academic conservative ; Earl 
Marischal, a keen Protestant, cultured layman, and university reformer; 
but both conspicuous for high-minded patriotism, munificent liberality, and 
the union of educational with religious zeal. 

Throughout her history our Alma Mater has owed much not only to 
generous benefactors, whom we remember to-day, but to sister seats of 
learning. No University lives for self alone ; culture, like commerce, is 
cosmopolitan. Our first Principal and Sub-Principal, although Scots, 
came hither from France ; many of our eminent teachers were trained 
elsewhere ; and our students are familiarised with the names and works of 
Continental and American, as well as British and Colonial, leaders of 
thought in the vast empire of human knowledge. On the other hand, our 
University, like most similar institutions, has repaid her debt to the world 
by work for the world. On our honours roll, as our memorial windows, 
busts, and portraits indicate, are founders of colleges, colonies, churches ; 
men whose discoveries have enlightened and benefited the race ; makers 
of history and moulders of character in all quarters of the globe. In no 
boastful, but in devoutly thankful spirit, we may say, " Their line is gone 
out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world ". 

Our first founder, for example, apart from his educational and religious 
work here, was a statesman of much influence beyond his native land. He 
was the Scottish ambassador of his time to foreign Courts, and his constant 
policy was peace. He was an early advocate of that wide international 
entente cordiale, by whose effective furtherance King Edward has earned 


the gratitude of the world — a mutually helpful, friendly understanding, free 
from the hampering and sometimes perilous obligations of formal alliance. 
In particular, Elphinstone inaugurated a new friendship with England, 
while careful to retain the ancient goodwill of France. Ihe union of the 
Scottish and English kingdoms, with outcome so beneficent for European 
peace, for the expansion of British rule, and thus, indirectly, for the civili- 
sation of backward races — this union had as its early pioneer our pacific 
and prescient founder, who repeatedly attempted and at length success- 
fully accomplished that matrimonial union of English and Scottish 
royalty which developed (partly through our second founder's agency) 
into national unity. ^ 

In the seventeenth century our Aberdeen Universities were estranged, 
for the most part, from the great Scottish struggle (sometimes unconsci- 
ous) for civil and religious liberty. The National Covenant met here 
with a cold reception, except from a few like Andrew Cant, Rector of 
Marischal College, who united zeal for monarchy with resistance to des- 
potism. But Scottish religious life and influential testimony were not 
confined in that age to the Covenanters. The galaxy of " Aberdeen 
Doctors" in the seventeenth century included men of God and men of 
power. A well-known ^ book of John Forbes of Corse, repeatedly issued 
on the Continent, is. eulogised by Baur as one of the two most important 
works on the history of doctrine. It marks an epoch in that history as a 
masterly and systematic endeavour to demonstrate that Reformed theo- 
logy is not only the theology of the New Testament but also that of the 
ancient Church. Another work of Forbes, bearing the significant title of 
Irenicon, sounded in an age of schism a signal note of ecclesiastical unity 
which our services to-day and last Sunday significantly echo ; while the 
memorable treatise of a young divine of this University, the saintly 
Henry Scougal — his Life of God in the Soul of Man, published in 1673 — 
gave an early impulse to the great Wesleyan revival, and received from 
Whitefield the testimony that he " never knew what true religion was until 
that book was sent to him by God ".^ 

From this University, again, in the latter part of the eighteenth 
century, the wholesome reaction in great measure took its rise against 
the prevalent scepticism of the time. In England, Bishop Butler had 
complained, in 1736, that Christianity had come to be regarded "not .so 
much even as a subject of inquiry," but rather as a " discovered fiction " 
and " object of ridicule ". In France, and also, to some extent, in Germany, 
the world of culture was dominated by Voltaire. In Scotland, to differ 
from David Hume was treated as presumption. The tide of unbelief, 
arrested by the famous Analogy, was effectively turned largely by a 

* See Quater centenary Studies, pp. 4, 5, 15. 

^ Instructiones Historico-Theologicce. 

^ See Dugald Butler, Henry Scougal, ch. viii. 


trio of Aberdeen professors who gave to the world what had passed 
through the crucible of the local Philosophical Society. The eldest of 
this group, Thomas Reid, founded that Philosophy of Common Sense 
which inflicted on ultra-scepticism a deadly wound. Through Royer Collard 
and Cousin, as the venerable Professor Eraser^ has shown, this Scottish 
philosophy was adopted in Prance ; it paved the way in Germany for 
Immanuel Kant, and exerted a notable influence in Italy. The second 
of the trio was Principal George Campbell, whose dissertation on miracles 
answered Hume, and was translated into French, German, and Dutch ; 
while his Magnum Opus on the Gospels, as my colleague who led our 
devotions has recalled,'- was an early pioneer both of higher and of lower 
criticism. The third, James Beattie, even if less profound as a philosopher 
than charming as a poet, was the most successful of the three (as our 
famous picture by Reynolds commemorates) in undermining the popular 
prestige of unbeHef. He assailed scepticism with an eloquence of language 
and a warmth of conviction which quickened Christian faith at home and 
abroad. His Essay on Truth was used in England as a University 
text-book, and in Scotland helped to rescue from infidelity Thomas 
Chalmers. It won for Beattie the high esteem of Samuel Johnson and 
Edmund Burke ; of two English archbishops and other high dignitaries ; 
of men of culture on the Continent and in America. Truly the line of 
these Aberdonian teachers " went out through all the earth, and their 
words to the end of the world ". 

Finally, in the century which recently closed, our University has 
been adorned and knowledge advanced by a succession of distinguished 
teachers and alumni too numerous for mention, but readily recalled — 
some still spared to us, the rest gone but well remembered — scientists who 
have lessened physical malady and suffering, or opened new visions of the 
Creator's wisdom and goodness : researchers and discoverers who have ex- 
plored hitherto unknown tracts of territory or history ; philosophers who 
have disclosed the inmost workings of the human mind, and taught us to 
reason more thoroughly ; men of letters who have enriched the domain of 
literature and culture ; artists who have taught us to love Nature and who 
cause the dead still to speak ; educationists who have transfigured dull 
task work into attractive study ; judges who have maintained worthily the 
purity of British justice ; public men who on divers arenas — military, 
political, and philanthropic — have served patriotically King and common- 
wealth ; men of commerce who have fostered peace and goodwill between 
rival or distant peoples ; divines who have illuminated holy writ, vindicated 
Christian truth, and propagated spiritual life ; missionaries who have 

1 In his Thomas Reid, p. 149 (Famous Scots Series). Professor Fraser was one of the 
congregation on the occasion of the sermon being delivered. 
* Professor Nicol in Qiiatcrccntenary Studies, pp. 207-216. 


carried Gospel light and comfort to uncared-for souls unto the utmost 
ends of the earth. 

Verily we inherit a noble past : let us realise that in every sphere 
" noblesse oblige ". As we enter on a new century of academic life, let 
us recall Burke's epitaph on Rockingham, " Remember, resemble, per- 
severe," and seek to prove ourselves worthy of those who have gone 
before. Let our affection for Alma Mater, which these celebrations foster, 
be united, as our academic motto inculcates, with that " Fear of the Lord 
which is the Beginning of Wisdom," and with a devout resolve to serve 
our generation and so to glorify God. Let this " beautiful house " ever 
be the emblem of fair " living temples " here being reared from age to age : 
living temples founded on those four cardinal virtues and three Christian 
graces whose symbolic effigies once adorned our founder's rifled tomb- 
stone. And let the stately and graceful towers and halls of the sister 
College not only keep in abiding memory early and recent benefactors, 
but also symbolise, in our personal and academic character, the harmonious 
union of beauty, strength, and readiness for service to God and man. 


Now unto Him that is able to keep us from falling, and to present us 
faultless before the presence of His glory with exceeding joy, to the only 
wise God our Saviour, be glory and majesty, dominion and power, both 
now and ever. Amen. 

Paraphrase 2. 
Benediction : Pronounced by the Very Rev. the Principal of the Uni- 

2. The Academic Procession. 

Behold the Procession of Processions advancing 1 . . . Meanwhile suppose we too, good 
Reader, should, as now Muse Clio enables us, take our station also on some coign of vantage, 
and glance momentarily over this Procession and this Life-Sea. — Carlyle. 

'nr^HE public pageant has always been attractive and popular in Aber- 
-^ deen. Research in the musty records of pre-Reformation days soon 
discovers that ceremonial processions of ecclesiastical grandeur with 
shining vestments, lofty crucifix, venerated relics, embroidered banners, 
swinging censers, tinkling bells and the uplifted host were frequent 
enough, although their very memory was obliterated in the rigid Cal- 
vinistic period which brought to Aberdeen nothing more exciting than 
the annual " Kirkin' " of successive provosts, baillies and councillors, 
the " Riding of the Marches " at long intervals, and an occasional great 
funeral. But in our own time the granite streets have repeatedly been 
enlivened by royal progresses, military parades and torchlit outbursts of 
undergraduate or sporting gaiety. And on this day of days, after 400 years 
of earnest unostentatious endeavour to fulfil the purposes of advanced popu- 
lar education, what demonstration of the success and importance of 
the University, of the high plane of the work she has accomplished, of 
the devoted love of her sons and daughters, and of the esteem and honour 
in which her name is held by sister universities, learned societies and the 

highest dignitaries of our own and other lands, could be more in harmony 



with public desire than an imposing academic procession ? All Aberdeen 
signified its approval of this first great public function of the Quater- 
centenary celebration by turning out of doors early on the crisp, bright 
September morning, and its sightseeing propensities were increased by 
the constant passing of varied academic costumes along the busy pave- 
ments. As the appointed time approached, the increasing crowds settled 
into favourable positions until along the whole route the barrier line was 
thronged, and every window and point of vantage filled. 

At the head of Upperkirkgate, a narrow gap through which the 
marching thousands will pass into one of the most ancient city streets, 
stands the fine building whose front elevation is a copy of the old Scots 
College at Paris, and there, waiting in the hospitable doorway of the 
University printer, I feasted my eyes upon the most wonderful of the 
many changes which have been made upon Aberdeen during my day. 
Gone for ever the unpretentious, weather-worn gateway of the old 
college, the shoppie where Robbie Reid spun the Virginia leaf into 
twist for two generations of Buttery Willie Collies, auld Greyfriars clo6k 
gable, the ugly tenement where the boy Byron dwelt with his widowed 
mother, the dingy den where John Mackintosh wrote his History of 
Scottish Civilisation, Long Acre, Henderson's Court and Jopp's Close 
with their unsavoury pends, and behold where they lingered so long in 
their meanness, uprises an edifice whose wonderful splendour and beauty 
have already made it a place of pilgrimage from afar. 

The appointed time passed, and after three-quarters of an hour of 
tedious delay all Aberdeen began to become weary of the glowing street 
decorations, of which there were few where they were most needed, and 
too many where none at all were required ; began to discover that the 
pavement had grown harder, and that the fresh autumn breeze was chilling 
its enthusiasm ; but at length, at the sound of martial music, bestirred 
itself again to witness the most splendid and remarkable academic 
spectacle that Scotland ever saw. 

Following the excellent band of the Royal Engineer Volunteers and 


the bagpipers of the Gordon Highlanders were a number of students in 
uniform and at once it struck me that no tribute had been paid in the 
Quatercentenary Memorial Volumes to the memory of the famous soldiers 
who were educated at the University. They are not many, for the Scot 
does not require to go to the University to learn to fight, and most of the 
notable military characters of the Northern Highlands never went to 
college, but they number among them the Hon. James Keith (Mar. Coll., 
17 1 1 -1 5), attainted when only a youth for participation in the Jacobite re- 
bellion of 1 7 16, who achieved European fame as the devoted friend and 
Field-Marshal of Frederick the Great : Hugh Mercer (Mar. Coll., 1740-44), 
surgeon in the army of Prince Charles Edward Stuart, who escaped 
to America and became Brigadier-General under George Washington ; 
Robert Macpherson (Mar. Coll., 1748-52), the gallant chaplain of Eraser's 
Highlanders, who, to inspire with courage the boy officers of that newly 
raised regiment, fought in front like a tiger at the capture of Quebec in 
1759 ; John Macdonald, F.R.S. (Mar. Coll., 1776-78), Colonel of Engineers 
in the East Indies, a noted writer on military science, and his elder 
brother Charles (King's Coll., 1767), a captain in the army, sons of the 
celebrated Flora Macdonald ; Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Beatson (LL.D. 
Mar. Coll., 1804), long barrack-master in Aberdeen, author of the famous 
Political Index, and among the heroic commanders in the Peninsular 
War, General Sir James Leith (Mar. Coll., 177^-77), Major-General John 
Mackenzie (King's Coll., 1781-83), killed at Talavera, the college chum of 
Sir James Mackintosh, and the ever-celebrated John Cameron of Fassi- 
fern (Mar. Coll., 1786-88), Colonel of the Gordon Highlanders, whose mili- 
tary career, active from the day in 1794 when he received his commission 
at Castle Gordon until he fell mortally wounded in the memorable battle 
of Quatre Bras, i6th June, 18 15, was a veritable romance of war, the 
closing scene of which is thrillingly described in Sir Walter Scott's im- 
perishable lines : — 

Where through battle's rout and reel, 
Storm of shot and hedge of steel, 
Led the grandson of Lochiel, 
Valiant Fassifern. 


Through steel and shot he leads no more, 
Laid low 'mid friends and foemen's gore — 
But long his native lake's wild shore, 
And Sunart rough, and high Ardgour, 
And Morven long shall tell, 

And proud Ben Nevis hear with awe, 
How, upon bloody Quatre-Bras, 
Brave Cameron heard the wild hurra 
Of conquest as he fell. 

Several celebrated officers of the Indian army were educated at the 
University : Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Dyce (Mar. Coll., 1778-81), 
father of the famous Shakespearian commentator ; General Sir James 
Outram (Mar. Coll., 1819), " the Bayard of India," whose splendid ser- 
vices in the suppression of the Sepoy Mutiny earned him the thanks 
of Parliament ; Lieutenant - General Sir Harry Burnett Lumsden 
(Mar. Coll., 1837-38), whose life story is told in Lumsden of the Guides^ 
London, 1899, and that grand old soldier, Field-Marshal Sir Donald 
Martin Stewart, Bart. (King's Coll., 1839; LL-D. 1881), the hero of 
many wars in Afghanistan and India where he rose to be commander-in- 

Meanwhile the procession is filing past, the bajan of the approaching 
session wonderingly and wistfully viewing it from the pavement while semi- 
tertian and magistrand of next month march down the Upperkirkgate 
brae, brown with sun and freckles, their long summer holiday over, 
looking fit and ready for any amount of hard scholastic work, little 
dreaming that in a few years they will be scattered all over the world, for 
not many of the Aberdeen alumni remain upon their native soil. As in 
the days of old, sons of the high advance shoulder to shoulder with sons 
of the lowly, the worthiest traditions upholding of the Alma Mater whose 
encircling arms now enfold them in the brotherhood everlasting, wherein 
no rank is higher than merit's worth, no power mightier than the genius 
of knowledge; and the heart of all Aberdeen is full of grateful exultation 
that her colleges have always welcomed the gifted or earnest scholar ir- 
respective of his worldly circumstances. They march strongly those 


youthful students, overflowing with the strength and joy of life, and their 
frolicsome shouts cheer and amuse the crowd. 

Now for the first time see the daughters of Alma Mater pass in public 
procession, and undergo the generally appreciative criticism of the spec- 
tators. I could not help observing that their other apparel did not always 
harmonise well with the scarlet college gown and black trencher. So 
far back as I can remember the same incongruity has constantly been 
remarked of the men students, but in their case it does not grate upon 
the aesthetic sense to an equal extent. Still, tastes differ, and mine 
may be faulty, but if the mismatching is generally remarked, a remedy 
will doubtless be found in due time by the students themselves. How 
quietly and proudly the girls walk, with brighter eyes and more pleasant 
and happier expression than their brother students, as if conscious that 
their welcome presence marks the early stage of a new and hopeful epoch 
in the life of the University. It is a long century ago since Sylvain 
Marechal published in Paris his satirical scheme for a law to prohibit 
women from learning the alphabet, remarking among many other sarcastic 
reasons that she who knows it has already lost much of her innocence : 
inferring that if the educational disabilities imposed upon them by men 
were just, they should be enforced at the very beginning, for if the alphabet 
were surrendered every further disqualification must be logically aban- 
doned. So the powerful old satirist, unanswerable in argument ; yet it was 
only the other day that the universities gave them opportunities for ad- 
vanced study. At the inauguration of the local Ladies' Educational As- 
sociation in 1877, the late Prof. William Milligan, D.D., delivered an 
address which contained no atom of encouragement to its aspirants for 
academic honours, and it was not until 12th July, 1892, that the University 
Court, upon the proposal of Mr. P. J. Anderson, "sanctioned the admis- 
sion of women to graduate in all the faculties of the University of Aber- 
deen," which thus became the first Scottish University to open its portals 
to them to their widest possible extent. The women graduates are 
certain to make splendid use of their freedom when they too go out 


into the world as generation after generation of Aberdeen alumni have 
done as educators, pursuing the avocations for which they are fitted, the 
equals of the men in acquirement and skill, their superiors in language, 
delicacy and grace and in all gentle accomplishments. The educational 
literature for which Aberdeen graduates have been so famous is sure to be 
enriched by them, and it is vain to set bounds to their aims and their 
development. Already their excellence has begun, for I cannot forget 
how on visiting a medical friend a few years ago, I found him reading in 
the original German Prof. Von Zittel's History of Geology and Palceont- 
ology, and how, a glance at the work indicating that it was compact, com- 
prehensive and eminently useful, I inquired through the booksellers if a 
translation had been published. Some months afterwards one was sent 
to me, when to my delight I found it was by an Aberdonian, the pos- 
sessor of a wealth of academic distinction, probably the most erudite 
Scotswoman of the present time, and manifestly mistress not only of both 
languages but also of both sciences, her work so superexcellent that I 
take leave to question whether any living man could have done it so 
well. So will it ever happen when woman's ardent nature becomes at- 
tached to science ; she will seek to accomplish the most advanced work, 
and to fulfil the noblest aims of the object of her devotion. Long before 
the next centenary is celebrated her literary triumphs will have added 
abundant lustre to the University history. 

Forward wends the procession ; graduates of six months ago and of 
a few preceding years, young men who, their academic career past, have 
just entered upon the real business of life in every learned profession, 
science and art, and in many branches of the public service ; following 
them, graduates of ten years, of twenty years ago, men in life's prime with 
higher successes in the same callings and no doubt with abundant cares ; 
graduates of thirty, of forty years ago, of fifty years, aye, of sixty years 
ago, and a very few of even more than sixty years ago ; sadly their 
numbers diminish as the period of life increases, yet a fine, hale, healthy 
race of men they are of whom even the octogenarians, 


Upon whose aged temples hang 
White blossoms of the grave, 

look as well as most men of only threescore years. Their aims achieved, 
their rest approaching, the great majority of them are arrayed in doctors' 
academic gowns of scarlet silk, a few with hoods of different colours indi- 
cative of the professions to which they have devoted their lives. There is 
also a considerable sprinkling of uniforms of high rank, chiefly those of the 
naval and army medical services which for more than two centuries have 
attracted a large number of our alumni by the assurance of the rapid and 
fruitful reward of conspicuous ability. One of the earliest of note was 
William Cockburn (M.D. King's Coll., 1697), a voluminous and successful 
author, physician to the fleet under Sir Charles Wager, and senior physi- 
cian of Greenwich Hospital. Singularly enough, the latter much coveted 
appointment was afterwards successively filled by Aberdeen men : Stephen 
Hall (M.D. King's Coll., 1723) ; John Douglass (M.D. King's Coll., 1759) ; 
James Hosack (M.D. Mar. Coll., 1764); Theodore Forbes-Leith (M.A. 
King's Coll., 1762; M.D. Edin., 1768; F.R.S., 1781); Robert Robertson 
(M.D. King's Coll., 1779), a distinguished medical author and F.R.S,, and 
Sir William Beatty (M.D. King's Coll., 1806), the celebrated surgeon of 
the Victory. Among the earlier eminent surgeons of the Royal Artillery 
are William Cruickshank (King's Coll., 1774-78), lecturer and chemist to 
the Board of Ordnance, F.R.S. 1802, and Colin Chisholm (M.D. King's 
Coll., 1793). At Waterloo, the chief of the medical staff of Wellington's 
army was Inspector-General James Robert Grant (King's Coll., 1784-87 ; 
M.D. 1814) ; and Robert Daun (M.A. 1803 ; M.D. 1813, King's Coll.) was 
surgeon of the Scots Greys. Since the days of Director-General Sir James 
McGrigor, Bart. (M.A. Mar. Coll., 1788; M.D. 1804; Rector, 1826) many 
of our medical alumni have risen as he did to the highest possible rank 
in the services, and I could fill a larger volume than this with the story of 
the successes of the Aberdeen doctor in public and private practice, in the 
literature, scientific research, discoveries, skill and distinctions of his 
noble profession. 


The first division of the procession must have contained nearly 3,000 
individuals and ended with the oldest graduates, and it was interesting to 
know that by the excellent forethought of the management the arrange- 
ment of this and at least one other function of the celebration was to rank 
together as nearly as possible the men who had been classfellows, a re- 
union after long years of separation which brought much happiness, 
awakened many revivifying reminiscences and fostered the renewal of 
long dormant friendships. A constant theme of conversation among 
them was the difference between past and present in Aberdeen, and one 
aged graduate, who had been absent more than forty years, told me he had 
gone in search of the old Grammar School, approaching from the west by 
Union Terrace, but, as he pathetically remarked, " Before I got near the 
place I thought I had lost myself". 

The oldest alumni in the procession were Mr. George Allan, advocate 
(Mar, Coll., 1835-39), a notably tall and remarkable man, whose eighty- 
eight winters have not impaired his professional shrewdness or dimmed 
his memories of the academic and civic dignitaries of his early days ; and 
Robert Wilson, of the same advanced age, who entered King's College in 
the same year, became a double bajan and graduated M.A. in 1840, the 
hale old schoolmaster of Deer, who could boast many of his former pupils 
among the younger graduates marching in front. Among the spectators 
in Union Terrace might have been noted a still older man, the Very 
Reverend William Walker, late Dean of Aberdeen and Orkney (M.A. 
King's Coll., 1840; LL.D. 1885), who in less than two months will 
enter upon the ninetieth year of his life, the oldest Presbyter of the 
Scottish Episcopal Church, author of two volumes of interesting re- 
miniscences of his college days and of many valuable biographical and 
historical memoirs. And I may also record here that the oldest living 
member of the General Council of the University, Mr. James Wallace 
(Mar, Coll., 1826-30), the oldest surviving graduates of King's College, 
the Rev. Angus Bethune (M.A. 1831), and of Marischal College, Mn 
George Barclay (M.A. 1837), although unable to be present at the 


celebrations, were closely in touch with and taking a lively interest in 
the proceedings. 

At an interval so distant that many spectators, believing the whole 
displa)'- over, resigned their vantage ground to others who knew better, 
there now advanced such a gathering of notables as had never before been 
assembled in this country : a galaxy of more than three hundred world- 
famous men, every one of princely rank in academic, literary, scientific, 
artistic, political or official life, delegates from sister universities and 
learned societies in every part of the world, from far Japan and New 
Zealand, through Australia, Asia, Europe, the Americas to distant 
Ecuador and California. Nearly all wore academic robes of rich silk 
material, some of brocaded black heavily laced and embroidered in gold, 
many of brilliant crimson and scarlet with hoods of much variety; but the 
most startling combination was displayed in the gowns of a few French 
professors which were of orange and black worn with a tall variety of the 
mortar-board in the same vivid colours. One from the near East wore 
the fez, another from the farthest East representing the young University 
of Tokyo wore the plainest of black silk robes with purple hood and the 
trencher : there were many cocked hats with much variety of trimming in 
gold lace and feathers; but the most effective and comfortable-looking 
head-dress was undoubtedly the fifteenth-century cap in black silk velvet 
worn by the doctors. A large number of the foreign dignitaries wore on the 
breast decorations of nobility and knightly orders, ribbons, jewels and 
other badges of title and honour, to which, alas, university professors and 
eminent scientists in this country are almost total strangers. Several of 
the high university officials were accompanied by their mace-bearers in 
showy uniforms with magnificent maces. Mingled with these strangers 
from distant lands were peers of the realm, the highest dignitaries of the 
English and Scottish churches, courts of law and universities, statesmen 
and other eminent individuals, the guests of the University. In this part 
of the second division of the procession the Aberdeen men were a small 
minority, but in addition to Aberdonian professors in foreign and colonial 


universities there were the representative of His Hoh'ness the Pope, the 
Right Rev. Monsignor Robert Eraser, rector of the Scots College at Rome, 
who in his boyhood was a scholar at Mr. Charles Michie's (M.A. Mar. 
Coll., 1849) academy in Silver Street; the Right Hon. Sir James Stirling 
(M.A. King's Coll., 1855), a famous senior wrangler who attained the 
eminent rank of Lord Justice of Appeal on the English bench, and is 
a Privy Councillor; Dr. James Donaldson (M.A. Mar. Coll., 1850), 
Vice-Chancellor and Principal of the University of St. Andrews, 
one of the leading Scottish educationists, and Dr. Donald Macalister, 
an alumnus of the Gymnasium, Old Aberdeen, President of the General 
Medical Council of the United Kingdom, and since exalted to the splen- 
did position of Principal of the University of Glasgow. After this ever- 
memorable throng of notables came the Lord Provost, Magistrates and 
Town Council of Aberdeen, preceded by the Town's Serjeants. The 
University Assistants and Lecturers, the Members of the Scnatus and 
of the University Court in the varied robes of their academic degrees 
formed a considerable and much-noted group. Then came the Sacrists, 
bearing the maces of the two colleges before the Very Reverend the 
Principal, the Rector, and the venerable and much-beloved Chancellor, 
Lord Strathcona, the third oldest man in the procession, and one of the 
most active spirits in every function of the week. A guard of honour 
brought up the rear ; Aberdeen's grandest historical pageant was over, 
and the most orderly and profoundly impressed great crowd I ever 
saw went quietly home, while I passed on with many more to the Strath- 
cona Hall, well satisfied that from a spectacular point of view it was better 
to have stood among the silent gazers than to have walked within its 
honoured ranks. 

A few minutes later the large assemblage of invited guests patiently 
waiting in the hall stood up to receive the belated processionists who 
poured in at every entrance and took their allotted places in most per- 
fect order. The admirable way in which the vast area was completely 
and comfortably filled without the slightest crowding or confusion was 


a triumph of well-considered and skilful management. To the foresight 
and labours of the Arrangements Committee the astonishing success 
which attended this and every function of the celebration was due, 
and in this connection Aberdeen will long remember the fine powers 
of organisation manifested by the Rector's Assessor, James Edward 
Crombie, and the general capability and efficiency of all. 

All Aberdeen had watched this unique demonstration with wonder, 
admiration and reverence, and felt it had been well rewarded for its 
patient waiting. A more complete realisation of the limitless scope 
of the indivisible and immutable brotherhood of letters could not have 
been devised ; and even to those who had witnessed the displays of 
imperial and military pomp at great State processions in the Metropolis 
during the past twenty years, this simple homely march of mighty minds 
had a quaint beauty, a solemn dignity, a true nobility and a profound 
impressiveness for the hearts of the thoughtful far exceeding any attri- 
bute of the dazzling glitter and gorgeousness of royal pageants. It was 
an inspiring exhibition of the gloriousness of intellectual renown, and 
must have aroused laudable aspirations and led to the formation of good 
resolutions in the minds of the younger University men. May they be 
abiding and fruitful. The function was so admirably arranged, its success 
was so perfect, that it augured well for all that followed, and will assuredly 
result in the Aberdeen Ouatercentenary festivities becoming the accepted 
example for every University Centenary celebration of the future. 

Ja. F. Kellas Johnstone. 


At 2-15 P.M. the Members of the University, together with the Guests 
and Delegates, and the Magistrates and Town Council, met in the Uni- 
versity Buildings, Marischal College, and walked in procession to the 
Strathcona Hall, where the Delegates were received and presented their 
Addresses of Congratulation to the University. 

The various bodies invited to take part in the Procession marched in 
the following order, and assembled in Marischal College in the places as 


^ , ^ TT r Scottish Horse 

I. Guard of Honour-^ 

l Univ. Coy., ist V.B.G 








2. Men Students 

3. Student Delegates 

4. Students' Representative Council 

5. Women Students 

6. General Council, except Business 

Committee .... 

7. Honorary Graduates . 

8. Invited Guests .... 

9. Delegates from the United King- 

dom ..... 
Delegates from British Dominions 
Delegates from Foreign Countries 
Magistrates and Town Council 
Advisory Committee 
Business Committee of General 

Council .... 

University Assistants (including 

Assistants acting as Lecturers) 
Examiners .... 

University Lecturers . 

18. Senatus, with Secretary 

19. University Court, with Secretary 

20. Sacrists with Maces . . . |- 

21. Lord Lieutenant of the County, 

Principal, Rector, and Chan- 
cellor ..... 

22. Guard of Honour, R.A. Med. Corps 

Anatomy Department. 
Natural Philosophy Department. 

Mitchell Hall & Portrait Gallery. 

Midwifery Class Room. 

Natural History Museum. 

New Museum. 

Council Room of Union. 
Billiard Room of Union. 

Debating Hall of Union. 

Dining Room of Union. 



The general order of the Procession was three abreast for those bodies 
occupying seats on the Platform, that is, for the Delegates and for all 
bodies following these, and four abreast for the rest of the Procession. 
Persons invited to join in the Procession were requested to wear Academic 
Costume, Uniform, or Morning Dress. 

The Procession passed out of the University Buildings by the main 
entrance, and proceeded via Upperkirkgate, Schoolhill and Union Terrace 
to Union Street, and thence by Broad Street to the Strathcona Hall. 

On reaching the Strathcona Hall, the Volunteers lined the platform 
outside the Hall, and the remainder of the Procession passed up between 
the lines. 

The audience stood when the Guests and Delegates began to enter the 
Hall, and remained standing until the whole platform party had reached 
the platform, and the Chancellor had taken his seat on the dais. 

The entry of the Guests and Delegates was announced by a fanfare 
of trumpets. 

Had the weather been unfavourable the Procession was to be limited 
to those forming the platform party, and to proceed direct from Marischal 
College to the Strathcona Hall. The Students, General Council, and 
Honorary Graduates would in that case have taken their places without 
joining the Procession. 

3. The Reception of Delegates. 

Great men have been among us ; hands that penned 
And tongues that uttered wisdom — better none. 

— Wordsworth. 

ACADEMIC ceremonial is a plant of recent growth at our Northern 
University. Thirty years ago it had not germinated ; to-day it is a 
vigorous and branching tree, not without flowers. In the past there 
existed one adverse circumstance which made it impossible — the lack of 
appropriate and commodious buildings. Time has removed this obstacle. 
At the right moment, too, came Principal Geddes, whose love of the 
formal and aesthetic stamped a dignity on all University functions where 
he was the presiding figure. The standard of taste and refinement has 
risen, and the old, bald, bare, matter-of-fact, perfunctory graduations have 
given place to pageants in which academic robes, courtly receptions, stately 
and elaborate ritual and eloquent addresses play no small part. When 
not overdone, these well-ordered displays serve to throw a sentiment of 
wholesome love into the University atmosphere ; they live in the memory 
and have their share in schooling the emotions of a community that is 
by nature not too emotional. 

When the venerable Chancellor put forth his liberal fiat that, in the 
absence of a hall adequate to dine 2,500 guests, a temporary pavilion 
should be erected, he saved a difficult situation ; and when, within a few 
weeks, the Strathcona Hall— that palace of timber — rose, like an exhala- 
tion into being, 

a fabric huge 
Built like a temple, where pilasters round 
Were set, 



transforming the area where once had gloomed the city slums, all felt 
that now the way was clear for making the reception of delegates a cere- 
monial worthy of the great occasion and of the distinguished visitors. 
But for this stroke of an enchanter's wand, the ceremony, relegated to 
the Music Hall or the Mitchell Hall, must have been shorn of much of 
its breadth and grandeur. The meeting-place lost something in being a 
place absolutely devoid of associations ; it was called into swift existence, 
served its one week's definite purpose and vanished, leaving scarcely a 
wrack behind. Its arched roof, from which depended many a row of 
starry lamps, looked down on two brilliant assemblies ; it resounded to 
acclamations and national anthems and eloquent oratory ; it beheld men 
of learning whose names are known of all the civilised world, and having 
looked on the glory it could not be desecrated to baser uses, and fell back 
to the chaos of board and beam from which the architect's subtle skill had 
raised it. 

Perhaps there have been spectacles more dazzling and gorgeous, but 
Aberdeen in all her history never gathered under one roof so much 
intellect, so many nationalities, so many notabilities, so many diverse 
talents. From Orient to Occident, from Cancer to Capricorn, from the 
Canadian lakes to the plateaux of Ecuador, from Helsingfors to Beirut, 
from the rivers of the Panjab to the Antipodes and the shelter of Table 
Mountain, kindred institutions in all lands sent of their best to grace our 
high festival. The only conspicuous absentees were Spain, Portugal and 
Greece. The past and the present, the distant and the near were brought 
into vivid and startling contrast. All the progress and accomplishments 
of twentieth century civilisation stood open to every cultivated mind, 
while every step in the august proceedings threw the imagination back 
over the expanded wings of four clouded centuries, to the time when the 
foundations of our University were laid, when the cold north was bleak 
and barbarous ; or sent the mind's eye forth o'er boundless and estranging 
seas to distant lands under strange stars, and vocal to still stranger 
tongues. The least imaginative of that vast assemblage of 4,000 souls 


must have felt a heart-throb at the homage thus paid to the humble thistle 
by flowers of more gaudy hue and nurtured in more salubrious climes ; 
while the presence of Lord Strathcona and Mr. Andrew Carnegie could 
not fail to bring to mind one striking side of the Scots character — that 
gift of attaining success, that grit and determination which rise to the top 
in spite of difficulties, that love of the homeland which ever turns to bless 
its early cradle. 

As a mere spectacle to the eye, the scene was highly impressive. 
The strings of electn'c lights, the garlands and festoons of greenery and 
flowers, the rich academic robes, the badges of distinction, the medals 
and decorations, the cultured faces, the diverse complexions, and types 
of racial features — Mongolian and Semitic, Sclavonic and Italian — made 
up a tableau the like of which few of the beholders will ever look upon 
again ; while the music of the national songs, the stately eloquence, the 
cordiality and sympathetic fervour of all concerned, the sinking of the 
narrowing patriotism of country in the larger patriotism of humanity, left, 
on the minds of all who had the fortune to take part, an impression which 
may fade, but will never entirely fade away. Everything went with the 
smoothness of clock-work ; so perfect and complete were the arrange- 
ments that it seemed as if all the formalities had been previously re- 

The Principal's speeches are invariably eloquent, but on this memorable 
occasion he excelled himself He rose to the greatness of a unique situa- 
tion, and with well-chosen phraseology and just that sufficiency of emotional 
fervour which the case demanded, spoke a cordial welcome to the delegates, 
particularising the more important groups with rare felicity and in studied 
order of precedence. First he complimented, with some detail of eulogy, 
Italy and France, Bologna and Paris, whence emanated the models of the 
Scottish Universities, then touching lightly on Germany, he turned to 
Asia, singling out Japan " gallant in war, moderate in victory " for special 
mention. Thence to the Western Hemisphere, pointing, as was natural, 
to our kinship in blood and our community of speech, whereby 


we speak the tongue 
That Shakespeare spake ; the faith and morals hold 
Which Milton held. 

Then the British Colonies, Austrah'a, South Africa, Canada, the sister 
institutions in England, Ireland and our own country ; and with a final 
word of enthusiastic welcome and an appeal to the sentiment of universal 
brotherhood, the orator closed, amidst the ringing cheers of his auditors, 
whose one feeling was, that this picturesque and finely methodised effort, 
delivered, too, with a verve and power that carried every syllable of it to 
the farthest limits of the building, was likely to be the crowning oratorical 
display of the whole week, and so it proved. The other speakers were 
overshadowed by the Principal's eloquence, and, cumbered as some of 
them were by electing to speak in what was to them a foreign tongue, 
they could not expect to shine conspicuously, but no speaker was inarticu- 
late or tedious, and those who used a foreign language like Professor 
Becquerel for France and Professor Deissmann for Germany were short and 
readily intelligible. Professor Kiss of Buda-Pesth delivered a Latin speech 
with a grace and an ease and distinctness that carried its meaning to every 
listener and sounded more like a living than a dead language. Professor 
Schiick of Upsala was the most effective of all the foreign delegates, 
and speaking in excellent English with little trace of alien accent, intro- 
duced with great fitness an allusion to Dugald Dalgetty as a link between 
Sweden and Scotland, the Thirty Years' War and the Scots soldier of 
fortune. This happy reference to the Great Magician's Rittmaster of The 
Legend of Montrose, with his two dominant loves — Gustavus Adolphus, 
the Lion of the North, and the Marischal College of Aberdeen, his 
beloved Alma Mater, was the most successful stroke of the day. 

From the opening procession, when Dr. Merry, the Vice-Chancellor 
of Oxford, followed by his long queue of representatives of British insti- 
tutions advanced along the raised dais, timing their steps to the inspiring 
strains of " God Save the King," down through the processions representing 
the Britain beyond the seas, the two Americas, and other countries 


arranged in alphabetical order and each preceded by its national song, " The 
Maple Leaf," " Hail, Columbia," the " Marseillaise," " Die Wacht am Rhein," 
and so forth, the interest never flagged, and even when, as in the case of 
Japan and Syria and others, there was only a single delegate he received 
all the greater an ovation. Notwithstanding the protracted character of 
the proceedings, beyond programme time — a result due to the difficulty 
of marshalling the grand procession and its consequent late arrival at the 
hall — the majority of the audience remained to the end, in spite of urgent 
evening engagements. In the bustle of hailing cars and carriages one 
could overhear scattered notes of the chorus of unqualified admiration for 
all that had been done and said and heard. On the homeward journey 
one thought of absent class-mates whose duties under far-off skies forbade 
their being of this goodly company, and of those other class-mates, alas ! 
whom a sterner fate debarred, who set forth at our side on the long, steep 
journey, cheerful and hopeful, but who were lost in the storm, dying one 
by one in the waste. 

We bring 
Only ourselves 1 We lost 
Sight of the rest in the storm. 

A. Mackie. 


The Chair, on a raised dais, was taken by the Chancellor, with the 
Rector on his right, the Principal on his left, the Lord Provost to right of 
the Rector, and the Lord Lieutenant of the County (the Earl of Aberdeen) 
to left of the Principal. 

On the platform were seated : to the right of the dais, the University 
Court and the Town Council ; to the left of the dais, the Senatus and 
Business Committee of the General Council; behind these bodies the 
Lecturers, Assistants, Examiners, and Advisory Committee of Subscribers 
to the Extension Scheme, 

Farther to the right and to the left were seated two groups of 
University guests ; and to the extreme right and left of the platform two 
groups of Delegates. 

At a lower level, in the body of the Hall, the seats were arranged in 
eighteen large sections separated by corridors. These sections were 
allocated to Student Delegates, Honorary Graduates, Members of General 
Council, Students, and certain guests who had been invited to the 
Reception, but had not taken part in the Procession. 


Lord Strathcona, who was greeted with loud cheers, in opening the 
proceedings, said : — 

We are assembled here to-day on one of what has grown to be quite 
a long series of University celebrations — Edinburgh, Bologna, Dublin, 
Harvard, Yale, Glasgow, and now our own seat of learning of Aberdeen. 
We look back through the vista of four hundred years on work accom- 
plished, and forward on what still remains to be done. It is indeed a pleasant 
duty to me to thank those who have come here from foreign countries, as 
well as from the Universities of the home-land and Greater Britain, to 
honour Aberdeen with their presence on this occasion. This gathering 
represents a world-Parliament — the Universities the great federators of the 
modern world. The studies which they cherish in common throughout the 
whole civilised world constitute, as a great French writer has said, " a grande 
patrie which transcends the boundaries of restricted and too often hostile 
nationalities, and which is stained by no war, menaced by no conqueror ". 
It is in these studies, pursued everywhere in the same spirit, that the best 
thought and the highest intelligence of our time find rest and communion 
— (cheers). It is not for me to praise Aberdeen; but she is worthy. In 
the four hundred years that have passed since the first foundation of King's 
College, our University has had a varied history — a history which has been 
intimately connected with the national life, and has, at the same time, im- 
pressed itself deeply on the country as a whole but more especially on the 
north-east district of Scotland. In the far-off time when the Papal Bull 
was issued founding our college the people of the locality are described as 
"rude, ignorant of letters, almost untamed ". We have evidence, however, 
that then, as now, they had the spirit, that quality of positiveness — or let 
us say persistent endeavour — which has served Scotchmen in good stead 
throughout these past centuries, that of a veneration for the traditions, the 
conditions handed down to them by their ancestors which made them in- 
disposed, without due and deep consideration, to accept a new order of 
things. To-day they are the hosts of the learned society of Europe and 
America. And through these four centuries Aberdeen has kept the sacred 
torch of learning and scholarship burning brightly. To it, as to no mean 
city, you have come ; honouring our invitation by your personal presence. 
I am only too conscious how inadequately I can represent your hosts on 
this occasion ; but, on behalf of the whole University, I, as Chancellor (and 
permit me also to say personally), give you a most cordial greeting — (loud 


Principal Lang then said : — 

Illustrissime Cancellarie, I obey your summons. But I am almost 
dazzled by the splendour of the scene on which my eye rests, and oppressed 
by the consciousness of an occasion that is unique in its significance. I am 
the spokesman of the University actual and historical : the University as 
it is in all its constituents, its administration, its entire teaching staff, its 
General Council including 4000 graduates, its Students' Representative 
Council, and hundreds of alumni; and these constituents are encompassed 
by a great cloud of witnesses, by the shadowy forms of mitred prelates, 
of ambitious nobles, of once famous professors, of an innumerable company 
of scholars who peer out of the dim and distant courses of the four 
centuries that are commemorated — (applause). On behalf of the Univer- 
sity, past and present, I speak to you, men of eminence in literature, 
science, art, public affairs — illustrious deputies of Universities and learned 
societies, who have come from the east and the west, and the north and 
the south, charged with messages of good-will to our home by the 
northern sea — (applause). How can I adequately express the joy with 
which we receive you? If my speech is limp and feeble, you will under- 
stand that it is so because I cannot find words that are suitable counters 
for the emotion of this supreme hour. You will believe that, fuller, deeper 
than language can convey is the appreciation of the honour you have done 
to us, of the sympathy that is pledged by your presence — (applause). 
Concives et fratres (for thus I venture to style you) there are associations 
with you which now we gladly recall. 

Our invitations were addressed first to universities and societies of 
learning through the whole world, and, second, irrespective of their special 
relations to corporate bodies, to some of those who are the acknowledged 
chiefs in the many departments of culture and science. For all the 
responses, most kind and generous, given to these invitations, it is my 
privilege to return the warmest thanks of my University, and to emphasise 
the thanksgiving by appropriate fraternal salutations — (applause). First 
and but for a moment, I turn to our distinguished guests who represent 
only themselves and the universes of thought and action with which they 
are in special relation. I do not presume to enlarge on the instruction and 
the inspiration which are communicated to us and to mankind by their 
research, their labours, their writings, their literary, scientific, and social 
service. Our debt is so great that any piling of phrase on phrase could 
never discharge it. Honoured brethren, accept the assurance of a gratitude 
that can be neither measured nor interpreted — (applause). For a few 
minutes, I address you who have been delei^ated by kindred institutions, 
and I do this the more readily that in your delegation we are reminded 
not only of the wide brotherhood of letters, but also of ties of one kind 
or another that connect us with the Universities and the nationalities which 


you represent. Whatsoever of historical imagination there is in our being 
is stirred into activity by you, friends from the Continent of Europe. We 
think of that fifteenth century in which three of our Scottish Universities 
were founded. In the purview of the founders, as models of academic 
disciplines and patterns of collegiate life, Bologna and Paris were foremost. 
Thus, Bologna is our University door of passage into that Italy whither 
oft indeed 

We 've sent our souls out from the rigid north 
To climb the Alpine passes and look forth 
Where, looming low, the Lombard rivers lead 
To gardens, vineyards — all a dream is worth. 

— (cheers). 

For Italy, with Rome, the eternal city, as its centre — the Italy of 
Virgil and Horace, and Cicero, the Italy of the Caesars, the Italy of 
Dante and Petrarch, the Italy of Gregory the Great and Francis of Assisi, 
the Italy of yesterday and to-day — is the whole earth's treasury. And 
thus, too, Paris, from whose University, with its then forty colleges, came 
our Elphinstone, Boece, Hay, to order the King's College of St. Mary 
according to the rule of Montaigu : — Paris is to us the sign of that France 
whose name is interwoven with our picturesque, pathetic Scottish history : 
France, the traditional enemy of England, when England was the old 
enemy of Scotland, but now the more than ally, the friend of Great Britain 
— (applause) — France, with its intellectual opulence, its thoughts clear as 
its climate, its language beautiful as its scenery. If I mention Italy and 
France, let it not be thought that I overlook Germany, to whose Univer- 
sities the flower of our youth is wont to repair, and whose theologians, 
philosophers, and poets go with us where we go and dwell with us where 
we dwell ; nor, indeed, any of the great Universities and learned institutions 
of Europe. Do they not form a vast confederation, permeated by one 
spirit, and having one great objective? — (applause). Representatives of 
European Universities, from which we have received and are receiving so 
much, respectfully, heartily, we salute you. 

Far wider than Europe is our prospect to-day. The vision of Asia, 
with its ancient cults and philosophies, descends on us. Here is Japan, 
the marvellous island-empire, gallant in war and moderate in victory, 
absorbing the civilisation of the West, but with a suppleness of thought 
and fertility of inventive genius all its own. Here, too, are the Uni- 
versities of India, through which our culture comes into contact with the 
subtle, metaphysical mind of Hindostan. Over the sea have come to us 
our kith and kin. We "hail Columbia" — (applause). We are proud of 
the great Republic, with the honest pride of kinship ; proud to be taught 
by it, even to spell, provided that in its zeal for mere sound it does not 
murder the English of the old Bible and Shakespeare; proud anyhow to 
learn from it how to combine intellectual ardour with intense practical 
energy, and to dignify dollar-making by dollar investments in magnificent 


institutions, with magnificent equipments, for the diffusion of knowledge. 
Brethren of the Stars and Stripes, we owe you much — you owe us 
something too — (applause). We interchange our commodities ; we give 
you, e.^., a little boy from Fife ; you give him back to us a multi- 
millionaire, who is the generous benefactor of Scottish Universities — 
(applause). Your kindred in this corner of that Scotland whose teachers 
and poets, whose Walter Scott and Robert Burns are our common heritage, 
with all heartiness salute you! — (applause). And last of all those whose 
shores are separated from ours by the inviolate sea, we rejoice over the 
representatives of the dominions beyond the seas whose peoples not only 
speak our language but share in our pride in the brave old flag and our 
loyalty to the historic British Crown — " Sons of the Empire's might and 
the Empire's learning," from Australia, shining beneath the Southern Cross, 
from the veldt of Africa, from Canada, " Splendid dream of plain and 
lake," you have come to your own ; for you are bone of our bone, blood 
of our blood ; some of you, it may be, Scots who 

Far out alien scenes among 

Go mad at the glint of a sprig of heather. 

With fraternal warmth we salute you — (applause). 

And, now turning again home, memorable to us is the day in which 
we behold among us the light and leading of our United Kingdom. The 
Universities of England, ancient and modern, have gratified us by the 
acceptance of our invitation. Oxford and Cambridge, with their glorious 
colleges, their venerable antiquities, their splendid provision for the life of 
study, to which year by year we send some of our best scholars, receiving 
a fraction of them back to our chairs or lectureships, ripened by the wisdom 
and perfected by the higher scholarship of the south — Oxford and Cam- 
bridge are with us. Side by side with them are London University, 
forging rapidly ahead, Durham, with its interesting record, and those five 
newer Universities that are bidding the older wake up. Ireland, isle of 
Saints, home of bright intellects and warm hearts, of ready wit and flow- 
ing oratory — Ireland we see in the delegations from Trinity College, Dublin, 
the Catholic University, the Royal University, with the Queen's Colleges 
in Gal way, Cork, and in Belfast, recently, like ourselves, expanding in 
buildings and in usefulness. And, in close proximity, we recognise our 
ain Scottish folk, our dear and trusty brethren of St. Andrews, Glasgow, 
and Edinburgh, with the learned societies that form a sympathetic en- 
vironment. You, our English, Irish, Scottish allies and brothers, with all 
possible heartiness, we salute— (applause). In this Hall of Peace, Concord, 
Fellowship, we are all together. Many of you, our guests, have come from 
afar; "all for love, nothing for reward," except that which is in and of 
the Spirit of Brotherhood ; come to blend an unselfish joy with us in our 
commemoration. I do not tax your patience by telling you the story of 


our past. That you may gather from volumes which we respectfully 
present to you. Nor do I speak of our present. The new buildings which 
our gracious Sovereign will declare open two days hence are a proof that 
we are not asleep, that we are resolved, so far as lies in our power, to keep 
pace with the onward march of learning — (applause). Our one word this 
afternoon is Welcome. Perhaps you associate a granite coldness and 
stolidity with our University, and with us who belong to it. No; there is 
solidity, not stolidity — (laughter) — and the solidity is permeated with 
warmth — (applause). Look at the "poem in stone" that has been re- 
cently erected. On a day of blazing sunshine, you will see it sparkling as 
with diamonds. So be sure that whether or not rays of effulgent sunshine 
are shed on you from without, there is a sunshine radiating towards you 
from within our hearts that makes whatsoever seems to be granitic in our 
nature sparkle as with a million of diamonds, and every diamond shines 
with that which I have endeavoured imperfectly to express — the welcome 
of our ancient University to its halls and to the homes of its friends — 
(applause). You are to us the witnesses for telepathies, for growths of 
sentiment, that constitute a vast, uniting, centripetal power. We claim 
you, we give ourselves to you, as one and all held in the bond of a covenant 
that cannot be broken. We all belong to humanity ; we drink at the 
same springs ; we press towards the same mark ; we are united in the 
same determination — the determination to do all that we can for the 
widening of the boundaries of knowledge, for the development and fulfil- 
ment of the promises and potencies of mind and matter, for the glory of 
God and the good of man — (loud cheers). 

Lord Provost Lyon said : — 

Lord Strathcona, my Lords, Ladies and Gentlemen, — To the elo- 
quent welcome which you have already received from the Chancellor and 
to the very eloquent language which has been so well expressed by our 
worthy Principal, I desire, on behalf of the Corporation, to add just one 
single word. I might say " Amen " to all that the Principal has said, for 
in such eloquent language has he given this great gathering a welcome to 
the city of Aberdeen. Never in all the annals of our city have two such 
great events happened in one week — the commencement of the celebration 
of the quatercentenary of the University and what we consider of very 
great importance also, the visit of Their Gracious Majesties to our city on 
Thursday — (cheers). I desire on behalf of my citizens to extend to all 
those great men and women who have come from all parts of the earth to 
take part in these celebrations a very hearty welcome — (cheers). We all, 
the Principal has said, open our hearts to you and receive you with all the 
gladness that we can express. I can assure you Aberdeen is proud to-day 
that you consider it worthy to come so far to take part in any proceedings 


m it. Aberdeen is far north. We are considered out of the world to a 
certain extent, but when I see this great gathering before me — a gathering 
which I am sure has never been exceeded in Aberdeen or even in Scotland — 
I say to my citizens, " We may well be proud to receive you into our midst " 
— (cheers). To every one of the delegates from all parts of the world, on 
behalf of the city of Aberdeen, I extend a very hearty welcome. I trust 
the favourable auspices which have marked the commencement of our 
gatherings to-day will be continued during the whole week, and that when 
you come to leave our city it may be with the words of our time-honoured 
sentiment — " Bon-Accord " — Happy to meet, sorry to part, happy to meet 
again — (loud cheers). 


Introduction of Delegates. 

The Delegates were then presented to the Chancellor by Professor 
Hamilton. They were grouped in four great divisions : — • 

The United Kingdom : Universities. 

The United Kingdom : Colleges and Academies. 

British Dominions beyond the Seas. 

Foreign Countries (in alphabetical order). 

A short speech was delivered, on behalf of the represented Institutions 
of each country, by a selected Delegate, immediately before the Delegates 
from that country were presented. The selected Delegate was followed 
by the Delegates from the University or Institution which he specially re- 
presented, and this Institution was accordingly the first to be announced 
for each country, the others following in alphabetical order. 

On the name of the country being announced, and as the selected 
Delegate, with his colleagues, approached the dais, the Band of the Gordon 
Highlanders (Volunteers) played the National Air of the country. 

Where mace-bearers accompanied the Delegates of any University 
or Institution, they preceded the Delegates, and halted in front of the dais 
while the inscribed address, if any, from the University or Institution was 
being presented to the Chancellor. 

As each delegation was presented, it passed in front of the dais and 
beyond the block of seats immediately adjoining the other side of the dais, 
and returned to its place by passing behind this block, and along the back 
of the platform. 

The Chancellor received the Addresses, and handed them to the 
Senior of the Hon. Secretaries — who deposited them in an elaborately- 
carved oaken cabinet of special design provided for their preservation by 
his Junior colleague, who himself was at the time marshalling the pro- 
cession of Delegates, 

The following were the Delegates arranged according to their countries 
and delegating institutions. The names of the Delegates who spoke for 
their respective countries are printed in clarendon type. When the names 
of places or Delegates are printed within square brackets, the Delegates 
appointed were unable to take part in the ceremony. 


I. The United Kingdom : Universities. 
Oxford — 

The Rev. Dr. William W. Merry, Vice-Chancellor.^ 

Professor Henry Goudy. 
Professor Arthur Thomson. 

Birmingham — 

Principal Sir OHver Lodge. 

Cambridge — 

Professor Henry Jackson. 

Dr. James Adam. 

Dr. WiUiam L. Mollison. 

Dublin : Trinity College — 

Dr. Anthony Traill (Provost).^ 
Dr. J. P. Mahaffy. 

Dublin : Catholic University of Ireland — 

Right Rev. Monsignor Gerald Molloy (Rector). 

Dublin : Royal University of Ireland — 

Right Rev. Monsignor Gerald Molloy (Vice-Chancellor). 
Sir Christopher J. Nixon, Bart. 

Durham — 

Rev. Dr. Henry Gee (Master of University College). 

Edinburgh — 

Principal Sir William Turner.^ 
Professor Alexander Crum Brown. 
[Professor George Chrystal.] 
Professor James Cossar Ewart. 
Professor Sir Thomas Richard Fraser. 
Rev. Professor Archibald R. S. Kennedy. 
Rev. Professor William P. Paterson. 
Professor John Rankine. 
Dr. Thomas Smith Clouston. 

Glasgow — 

Professor Sir Thomas McCall Anderson.^ 
Professor Archibald Barr. 
Professor John Cleland. 

^ Preceded by a Macebearer. 


Glasgow — Continued. 

Rev. Professor James Cooper. 

Professor John Ferguson. 

[Professor Samson Gemmell.] 

Professor William M. Gloag. 

Professor Robert Latta. 

Rev. Professor James Robertson. 

Emeritus Professor John G. McKendrick. 

Emeritus Professor George G. Ramsay. 

Lord Provost Bilsland. 

Dr. David C McVail. 

[Dr. David Murray.] 

Leeds — 

Dr. Nathan Bodington (Vice-Chancellor). 

Liverpool — 

Mr. Alfred W. Winterslow Dale (Vice-Chancellor). 

London — 

Dr. Augustus Desird Waller. 

Manchester : The Victoria University — 

Dr. Alfred Hopkinson (Vice-Chancellor). 

St. Andrews — 

[Lord Balfour of Burleigh (Chancellor).] 

Dr. Andrew Carnegie (Rector).^ 

Principal James Donaldson. 

Very Rev. Principal Alexander Stewart (St. Mary's College). 

Principal John Yule Mackay (Dundee). 

Rev. Professor John Herkless. 

Professor Alexander Lawson. 

Professor James Musgrove. 

Professor John E. A. Steggall (Dundee). 

Sheffield — 

Professor William M. Hicks. 

Wales — 

Mr. Henry Rudolf Reichel (Vice-Chancellor). 

^ Preceded by three Macebearers. 


II. The United Kingdom: Colleges and Academies. 

Aberdeen : [Aberdeen and North of Scotland College of Agriculture — 
Mr. R. H. N. Sellar.] 

Aberdeen : St. Mary's College, Blairs — 
Right Rev. Bishop Chisholm. 
Very Rev. James McGregor (Rector). 

Aberdeen : United Free Chicrch College — 
Rev. Principal James Iverach. 

Aberystwith : University College of Wales — 
Professor John Watson Marshall. 

Bangor : University College of North Wales — 
Professor Philip J. White. 

Belfast: Assembly's College — 

Rev. Professor James Heron. 

Belfast: Queens College — 

Rev. President Thomas Hamilton. 
Professor Sir William Whitla. 

Bristol : University College — 
Principal C. Lloyd Morgan. 

Cambridge : Girton College — 

Miss E. E. Constance Jones (Mistress). 

Cambridge : [Newnham College — 
Mrs. Henry Sidgwick (Principal).] 

Cardiff: University College of Soiith Wales and Monmouthshire — 
Principal Ernest Howard Griffiths. 

[Cirencester : Royal Agriculttiral College — 
Rev. Principal John B. McClellan.J 

Dublin : [Royal College of Physicians — 
Sir William J. Smyly (President).] 

Dublin : Royal College of Surgeons — 

Mr. Henry Rosborough Swanzy (President).^ 

Dublin : Royal Irish Academy — 
The Very Rev. Dean Bernard. 

1 Preceded by a Macebearer. 


Edinburgh : Edinburgh and East of Scotland College of Agriculture — 
Mr. W. Scott Stevenson. 

Edinburgh : Educational Institute of Scotla?id — 
Mr. William Service (President). 

Edinburgh : Episcopal Church College — 
Rev. Principal Anthony Mitchell. 

Edinburgh : Franco- Scottish Society — 
Mr. Archibald A. Gordon. 

Edinburgh : Free Church College — 

Rev. Principal James D. McCuUoch. 

Edinburgh : Royal College of Physicians — 
Dr. John Playfair (President).^ 

Edinburgh : Royal College of Surgeons — 

Mr. Charles Watson MacGillivray (President).^ 

Edinburgh : [Royal Dick Veterinary College — 
Principal J. R. U. Dewar.] 

Edinburgh : Royal Scottish Academy — 
Mr. G. Washington Brown. 

Edinburgh : Royal Society of Edinburgh — 
Lord McLaren. 

Edinburgh : United Free Church College — 
Rev. Professor James A. Paterson. 

Galway : Queen's College — 

President Alexander Anderson. 

Glasgow : Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons — 
Dr. William Loudon Reid (President). 

Glasgow: [Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College — 
Sir William Robertson Copland.] 

Glasgow : United Free Church College — 
Rev. Professor James Denney. 

Glasgow : [ IVest of Scotland Agricultural College — 
Principal Robert Patrick Wright.] 

^ Preceded by a Macebearer. 


London : Bedford College — 

Miss Ethel Hurlbatt (Principal). 

London : British Academy — 

Professor Henry Francis Pelham, President of Trinity College, Oxford. 

London : [Brilisk Medical Association — 

Mr. George Cooper Franklin (President).] 

London : Charing Cross Hospital Medical School — 
Dr. William Hunter. 

London : Chemical Society — 

Professor Raphael Meldola. 

London : General Medical Council — 
Dr. Donald Macalister (President). 

London : Guy's Hospital Medical School — 
Dr. Frederick Taylor. 

London : Lnner Temple — 

The Honourable Mr. Justice Grantham. 

London : King's College — 

Rev. Principal Arthur Cay ley Headlam. 

London : Lincoln's Lnn — 
Sir James Stirling. 

London : [London Hospital Medical School — 
Dr. William Bulloch.] 

London : Middlesex Hospital Medical School — 
Mr. Andrew Clark. 

London : Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain — 
Mr. Alderman R. A. Robinson (President). 

London : Royal Academy — 

Mr. John Macallan Swan, R.A. 

London : Royal College of Physicians — 

Sir Richard Douglas Powell, Bart. (President).^ 

London : Royal College of Surgeons — 

Mr. Edmund Owen (Vice-President). 

* Preceded by a Macebearer. 


London : \_Royal Holloway College — 
Miss Emily Penrose (Principal).] 

London : Royal Society — 
Sir Archibald Geikie. 

London : St. Bartholomew^ s Hospital Medical School — 
Sir Dyce Duckworth. 

London : St. George's Hospital Medical School — 
Mr. Francis Jaffrey. 

London : \St. Mary' s Hospital Medical School — 
Dr. Henry A. Caley]. 

London : St. Thomas's Hospital Medical School — 
Mr. Frederick G. Parsons. 

London : Society of Apothecaries — 
Dr. James Galloway. 

London : United Royal College of Science and School of Mines — 
Professor W. Gowland. 

London : University College — 
Principal T. Gregory Foster. 
Professor John Dewar Cormack. 

London : Westminster Hospital Medical School — 
Dr. William Murrell. 

Newcastle-on-Tyne : Armstrong College — 
Professor John Wight Duff. 

\Nottinghatn : University College — 

Principal J. E. Symes.] 
Oxford : Manchester College — 

Rev. Principal J. Estlin Carpenter. 

Oxford : Mansfield College — 

Rev. Principal Andrew M. Fairbairn. 

The following Institutions voluntarily sent Representatives for the 
purpose of presenting Congratulatory Addresses to the University : — 

Society of Advocates in Aberdeen — 

Mr. Alexander Edmond (President). 



Aberdeen Medico- Chirurgical Society — 
Professor Ogston. 
Mr. A. Rudolf Galloway. 
Mr. John Marnoch. 
Dr. William Bruce. 
Sir James Reid, Bart. 
Dr. C. M. McQuibban. 
Dr. J. E. Fowler. 

Aberdeen University Club, London — 
Mr. J. Malcolm Bulloch. 
Dr. R. M. Beaton. 

Aberdeen University Edinburgh Association — 
Mr. W. M. McLachlan. 
Mr. R. Fortune. 

Congregational Colleges of England — 
Rev. Principal A. M. Fairbairn. 

Royal Institute of Public Health — 
Professor William R. Smith. 
Dr. James Cantlie. 

West Riding Aberdeen Graduates Society — 
Dr. J. Hambley Rowe. 

III. British Dominions beyond the Seas. 


Montreal: McGill University — 
Principal William Peterson. 

Professor Frederick P. Walton. 
Dr. David A. Shirres. 

Halifax, JV.S. : Dalhousie University — 
Professor James G. MacGiegor. 

Kingston : Queen's University — 

Rev. Professor John MacNaughton. 

Ottawa : Royal Society of Canada — 
Mr W. Wilfred Campbell. 


Toronto : University — 

Professor Archibald B. Macalluni. 

Winnipeg : Manitoba University — 
Professor Matthew A. Parker. 


Capetown : University of the Cape of Good Hope — 
Mr. A. H. Mackenzie. 

Capetoivn : South African College — 
Professor P. Daniel Hahn. 


Adelaide : University — 

Professor William Mitchell. 
Auckland: University College — 

Dr. William C W. McDowell. 
{Dunedin : University of Otago — 

Dr. J. S. Williams (Chancellor).] 
Hobart : University of Tasmania — 

Professor John Walter Gregory. 

[Mr. James Sprent.] 
[Melbourne : University — 

The Hon. Sir John Madden (Chancellor).] 
New Zealand Government — 

Dr. W. A. Chappie. 
Sydney : University — 

Mr. Richard Teece. 
Sydney : [Royal Society of New South Wales — 

Mr. R. Threlfall.] 
Wellington : University of New Zealand — 

Dr. William C. W. McDowell. 


Allahabad : University — 

Rev. Arthur Crosthwaite. 

The Hon. Alexander McRobert. 
Bombay : University — 

Sir John Jardine. 


Calcutta : University — 

Rev. Dr. John Hector. 

Calcutta : Asiatic Society of Bengal — 

Lieut. -Colonel Alfred William Alcock. 
Dr. George A. Grierson. 

Lahore : University of the Panjab — 
Dr. John Sime. 

Madras : University — 
Mr. C. A. Paterson. 


[ Valetta : University — 

Mr. John Reynolds (Assistant Rector).] 

IV. Foreign Countries. 

AMERICA (united STATEs). 

Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania — 
Professor J . William White. 

Philadelphia : American Philosophical Society — 
Dr. Andrew Carnegie. 

Bro'ivn University ; Providence, R.I. — 
Professor Lindsay Todd Damon. 
[Dr. William Vail Kellen.] 

\(^hicago University — 

Professor W. G. Hale.] 

Clark University ; Worcester, Mass. — 
Professor G. S. Hall. 

Columbia University ; Neiv York — 
Dr. Arnold Hague. 

\C!ornell University; Ithaca., N.Y. — 
Professor Charles Henry Hull.] 

Harvard University ; Cambridge, Mass. — 
Professor Charles Rockwell Lanman. 
Professor Abbott Lawrence Lowell. 

{^University of Illinois ; Urbana, III. — 
Professor David Kinley.] 


Johns Hopkitts Uftiversity ; Baltimore, Md. — 
Professor Howard A. Kelly. 

Leland Stanford Junior University ; Palo Alto, Cal. — 
Professor Melville Best Anderson. 

University of Michigan ; Ann Arbor, Mich. — 
Professor Arthur R. Cushny. 

University of the State of New York ; Albany, N. Y. — 
Dr. St. Clair McKelway (Vice-Chancellor). 

Princeton University; NJ. — 

Professor Winthrop More Daniels. 

[Trinity College; Hartford, Co7in. — 
Professor Elmer T. Merrill.] 

University of Vermont ; Burlington, Vt. — 
Rev. President Matthew H. Buckham. 

[^University of Virginia ; Charlottesville, Va. — 
Professor Charles VV. Kent.] 

Washington : Carnegie Institute — 
Dr. Andrew Carnegie. 

Washington : National Academy of Sciences — 
Dr. Arnold Hague. 

Washington : Smithsonian Institi/tion — 
Dr. Frank Wigglesworth Clarke. 

[ Western Reserve University ; Cleveland, O. — 
Professor Prancis P. Whitman.] 

Yale University ; New Haven, Conn. — 

Professor Thomas Raynesford Lounsbury. 

AMERICA (south). 

[ University of Chile ; Santiago — 

His Excellency Don Domingo Gana.] 

University of Ecuador ; Quito — 

His Excellency General Don Emilio M. Teran. 



Vienna : University and 

Imperial Academy of Sciences — 
Professor Jakob Schipper. 

Buda Pesth : University — 
Professor Yanos Kiss. 

Professor Ignacz Goldziher. 

Cracow : University — 

Professor Casimir Kostanecki. 

Prague : Bohemian University — 
Professor Vaclav E, Mourek. 

Prague : German University — 
Professor Ferdinand Hueppe. 


Brussels : University — 

Professor Count Eugene Goblet D'Alviella. 

Ghetit : University — 

Professor Franz Cumont. 


Copenhagen : University — 

Professor Harald Hbffding. 

Copenhagen : Royal Danish Society of Sciences — 
Professor Otto Jespersen. 


Paris : Institut de France — 

Professor Henri Becquerel (Academic des sciences).^ 

Professor Bernier (Acadt^mie des beaux arts). 

Professor Emile Boutroux (Academic des sciences morales). 

[M. Jules Claretie (Acad^mie fran^aise).] 

Professor D'Eichthal (Academie des sciences morales). 

Professor Salomon Reinach (Acad, des inscriptions et belles lettres). 

' Preceded by the Huissier of the Academie. 


Paris : University — 

Professor Berthdlemy. 
Professor Bonet-Maury. 
Professor Emile Boutroux. 
Professor Yves Delage. 

Aix-Marseille : University — 
Professor Albert Schatz. 

[Bordeaux : University — 
Professor Leon Duguit. 
Professor Marandoul.] 

Caen : University — 
Professor Barbeau. 

Clermont : University — 

Professor A. Coville (Recteur). 

Dijon ; University — 

Professor Jules Legras. 

[ Grenoble : University — 
Professor Hauvette.] 

Lille : University — 

Professor Auguste Jean Angellier. 
Professor Jeze. 

Lyon : University — 

Professor Walter Thomas. 
M. Ennemond Morel. 

Montpellier : University — 

Professor Pierre Boutroux. 
Professor Charles Rist. 

Rennes : University — 
Professor Dottin. 


Heidelberg : University — 

Professor Adolf Deissmann. 

Berlin : University — 

Professor Hermann Diels (Rector). 
Professor Hans Dellbriick. 


Berlin : Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences — 
Professor Hermann Diels. 

Bonn ; University — 

Professor Richard Anschiitz. 

\Breslau : Utiiversity — 

Professor Carl Fliigge.] 

Erlangen : University — 

Professor Hermann Varnhagen (Pro Rector). 

Gottingen : University and 

Royal Society of Sciences — 
Professor Franz Kielhorn, 

Greifswald : University — 

Professor Friedrich Loffler. 

Halle- Wittenberg : University — 
Professor Albrecht Wagner. 

Halle : Leopold-Caroline Academy — 
Professor Ferdinand Hueppe. 

Hamburg : City — 

Professor K. Lauenstein. 

/^iel : University — 

Professor Ferdinand Holthausen. 

Leipzig : University — 

Professor Friedrich Trendelenburg. 

Leipzig : Royal Saxon Society of Sciences — 
Professor Wilhelm Ostwald. 

\Marburg : University — 

Professor Wilhelm Victor.] 

Rostock : University — 

Professor Rudolf E. Robert (Rector Magnificus). 

Strassburg : University — 

Professor Julius Smend (Rector). 



Leyden : University — 

Professor W. Einthoven (Rector). 

Amsterdam : Royal Academy of Sciences — 
Professor VV. Einthoven. 

Groningen : University — 

Professor C. F. A. Koch (Rector Magnificus). 


Rome : Reale Accademia dei Lincei — 

Professor Commendatore Rodolfo Lanciani. 

Professor Giuseppe Veronese. 

Rome : The Vatican and The Scots College — 

Rt. Rev. Monsignor Robert Fraser. 
Padua : University — 

Professor Giuseppe Veronese. 

[Parma : University — 
Professor Leo Pesci.] 

[Turin : Royal Academy of Scie7ices — ■ 
Signor S. V. Illma.] 


Tokyo : Imperial University — 

Professor Jinzo Matsumura. 


Christiania : University — 

Professor Absalom Taranger. 


St. Petersburg : University — 

Professor Vladimir Scheviakoff. 

Professor Vladimir Deruginsky. 

St. Petersburg : Imperial Academy of Military Medicine — 
Professor Constantin D. Chruschtschoff. 
Professor Timothei P. Pavlov. 
Professor Vasilij N. Sirotinin. 
Professor Henry Turner. 


5/. Petersburg: {Imperial Academy of Sciences — 
M. Serge d'Oldenburg.] 

Hehingfors : University of Finland — 

Professor Edward Hjelt (Rector Magnificus). 

Juriev {Dorpat) : University — 

Professor Alexander von Bulmerincq. 
Professor Vladimir E. Grabar. 


Upsala : University and 

Royal Society of Sciences — 
Professor Henrik Schuck (Rector Magnificus). 

Stockhohn : Royal Swedish Academy of Scie?tces — 
Professor Einar Lonnberg. 


Geneva : University — 

Professor Charles Borgeaud. 

Bern : University — 

Professor Hugo Kronecker. 

Zurich : University — 

Professor Theodor Vetter. 


Beirut : Syrian Protestant College — 
Rev. Professor George E. Post. 


The Representatives of Great Britain having advanced along the 
platform, Dr. MerrY, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford, said : — 

Mr. Chancellor, you have conferred upon me a very high privilege, 
and at the same time a very great responsibility, in asking me to present 
to you the delegates of the Universities of the United Kingdom, who have 
met this day in order to tender to you their most sincere congratulations 
on the termination of the fourth century of your scholastic life. From the 
first foundation of a University in this majestic silver grey city, the happy 
hyperborean Athens, of those many Universities which are combining to- 
day to do you honour there are some who, through long years of trial and 
struggle, have made history for themselves by the work that they have 
done and by the great men that they have sent forth from their walls. 
The others represent the later foundations and they are already making 
history for themselves by their youthful vigour, by their lofty aspirations 
and splendid endowments. But none of us, Mr. Chancellor, have ex- 
perienced so strange a past as you have. Was there ever any city in the 
world in which two Universities were founded, ancient foundations, living 
for many generations in rivalry, may I say in opposition to one another, 
and desiring and yet repudiating a union together ? Now, sir, that union 
is most graciously accomplished, and I would like to think that an Elphin- 
stone and an Earl Marischal would join hands and grant us their united 
benediction and approval — (cheers). But, gentlemen, you have not yet 
kept your golden wedding since this happy marriage ; nor have you kept 
your jubilee. I think there are one or two years to run, but you will have 
no anniversary, no occasion more impressive than this great day of celebra- 
tion, this great influx of the guests and friends at the inauguration of those 
noble buildings, and before the week is out the presence of our beloved 
King and Queen to add a glory and a charm to the past. In the name 
of the delegates and of the great institutions which they represent, I desire 
to offer to you our very hearty felicitations, and I ask you to receive them 
in as warm a spirit as they are tendered to you, and we shall hand to you, 
sir, addresses of congratulation, and I trust they shall not be among the 
least cherished documents in your archives — (cheers). But in these 
archives, and in the nearer and dearer archives of your hearts, there are 
better things than written documents. There are dear and valued recollec- 
tions of your great philosophers, your earnest theologians, your accom- 
plished Latinists, your men of science, and not least, those munificent 
benefactors whose generosity we have seen in the splendid erection we 
have visited to-day — (cheers). On these great memories of the past, on 
the sunshine of your present prosperity, and the great future which is 
broadening out before you, we offer you our heartfelt congratulations, and 
believe they could not be made under happier auspices — (loud cheers). 


Principal Sir William Turner, on being introduced, said : — 

The University of Edinburgh, the youngest of the Scottish Universities, 
tenders to you, sir, and the elder sister, their cordial greetings and con- 
gratulations on this great ceremony — (cheers). 

Principal William Peterson, M'Gill University, Montreal, speaking 
for the delegates from British Dominions beyond the Seas, said : — 

I do not know that I can fitly add anything to the sentiments that are 
expressed in the M'Gill address, which, however, I shall make no attempt to 
read to this distinguished audience, as it is not couched in the vulgar tongue 
— (laughter). As to the British dominions beyond the seas, you are all aware 
that they are ad ministered by Scotchmen mainly from Aberdeen — (continued 
laughter) — and, of course, its immediate neighbourhood. In Montreal, for 
example, we have long enjoyed the support of the large-hearted nobleman 
who is our Chancellor as well as yours — (cheers) — and who before coming 
to you received an admirable training : he served, in fact, an excellent 
apprenticeship in learning how to use these opportunities that naturally at- 
tach themselves to the exalted office of Chancellor in any well-conducted 
University — (laughter). As to the dominions beyond the seas, you know 
we are all cherishing that instinct for unity that finds expression in ever- 
growing force. The little Britisher is rapidly becoming an extinct species. 
If there are any surviving members the best thing you can do for them is 
to send them on the grand tour of the Empire, and they will come back 
cured for all time of their littleness — (cheers). Do we not represent your 
daughters — the new nations that are grappling with and are in a fair way 
of solving problems of more far-reaching importance than any selfish or 
local interest can suggest ? You lately celebrated here the meetings of the 
Franco-Scottish Society. It may be appropriate to remind you that with- 
in the borders of the broad dominion there is at this moment a harmony of 
races not originally akin which may prove in an after-time to have been the 
prelude of a world-wide federation, and we in the Universities love to 
cherish every movement that will help this growing community of sentiment. 
We acknowledge before you here our indebtedness for the kindly way in 
which you receive our students when they come to study within your 
islands, the privileges you give them, privileges which we are proud to re- 
ciprocate. It would astonish you to know the number of students from 
these islands who are studying at present in the University with which I 
have the honour to be connected. We put no tariff on these students — 
(laughter and cheers). I must not forget, however, that I am speaking not 
only for Canada, but also for Australia, — for Melbourne and Sydney, who 
lately celebrated their fiftieth anniversary ; for New Zealand, for India, for 
South Africa — all happily are represented this day on the platform — 


(cheers). In their name we bring you the tribute of our congratulations, 
and our best wishes for your future prosperity — (cheers). Go on with the 
work that you are doing, and as regards the Empire never forget that that 
instinct for unity is bound in the end to find potent expression, if not in 
any paper constitution, not the less in the realms of thought and feeling and 
aspiration, and in proportion as we cherish that sentiment we shall show 
ourselves in the time to come worthy to be as we are now, the joint-heirs 
in our great Imperial inheritance — (cheers). 

Professor J. William White, of the University of Pennsylvania, 
who was the spokesman of the American delegates, said : — 

I should not have assumed the responsibility of speaking for American 
Universities in the presence of so many of their distinguished representa- 
tives were it not that a very special tie connects the University of Aberdeen 
with my University — the University of Pennsylvania. In 1754 you sent 
us our first Professor of Logic and our first Provost in the person of Mr. 
William Smith, born within a few miles of this city, baptised one hundred 
and seventy-nine years ago (19th October, 1727) in an old Aberdeenshire 
Kirk, and brought up at this University. He was the grandson of 
Alexander Duncan, of the Camperdown family, and the great-grandson of 
Colonel Peter Murray of Auchtertyre, and if there are any Murrays, or 
Duncans, or Smiths here present I beg to tender them our much belated 
thanks — (loud laughter). I must reluctantly admit that we proceeded 
promptly to put Provost Smith in jail for alleged seditious utterances, and in 
jail, with true Scottish pertinacity, he remained for two months, in default 
of a retraction which he refused to make as the price of his freedom. But, 
with a devotion to duty that was and is a national characteristic, he insisted 
on continuing his instruction to his classes, and, with what I hope I may 
venture to call American liberality, he was permitted to do so, and for 
eight weeks actually gave lectures on logic, ethics and natural philosophy 
in the county prison — (laughter). During this time, with a certain shrewd- 
ness and foresight that I have also heard described as characteristic, he 
wooed and won the daughter and heiress of a co-criminal. Judge Moore, 
and left jail with a handsome wife and a comfortable fortune. On the 
whole, America did not treat the first representative you sent us so very 
badly — (laughter). But the debt my University owes you on account of 
Provost Smith — and a very good Provost he made — is as nothing com- 
pared with the indebtedness of all American Universities to their elder 
sisters in Scotland. Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow and St. Andrews 
were our exemplars, the source of both our plans of organisation and our 
methods of instruction, and our obligations in this way are so varied and 
so extensive that they can only be gratefully alluded to in the three minutes 
you have parsimoniously allotted to a congratulatory speech — (laughter). 


It is true, however, that the community of educational ideals and procedures 
thus established constitutes, in conjunction with our common ancestry and 
our common language (if Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Carnegie do not succeed 
in making the latter altogether too uncommon), a bond which tends to 
unite in closer and closer alliance of regard and affection the two great 
English-speaking peoples and thus equally tends to promote the peace 
and the civilisation of the world. Mr. Chancellor, when your distinguished 
Lord Rector by his courage and skill preserved for your nation the life of 
your King, he also saved for the American people one who, though not 
their titular sovereign, is second in their respect and affection only to their 
own President — (cheers). Nor is it too much to say that those two, the 
one by his tact, the other by his energy, have done more to further the 
cause of peace and to postpone indefinitely the evils of war than any two 
living individuals — (cheers). With universities, as with men and women, 
age, if time has been well spent, brings position and respectability and 
dignity. The representatives of America are delighted to see here on every 
hand the evidence that it has not also brought decay or decrepitude, but 
rather increased strength and vigour and vitality ; and they recognise with 
the keenest gratification that the splendid record of four centuries of educa- 
tional usefulness and public service behind the University of Aberdeen 
promises to be equalled or even surpassed during many centuries yet to 
come — (loud cheers). 

Professor SCHIPPER, Vienna, said : — 

Mr. Chancellor, — I have the honour to present to you two addresses — 
one from the University of Vienna and the other from the Imperial 
Academy of Sciences at Vienna. Other congratulatory addresses coming 
from our country will be presented to you by the delegates from the 
Universities of Cracow, of the Bohemian University of Prague, and the 
German University of Prague. I have been commissioned by the delegates 
of these Universities, as well as by my own University of Vienna and the 
Imperial Academy of Sciences there, to offer tkeir hearty congratulations to 
this ancient seat of learning on the present occasion, and to express their 
sincere hope that the future of this University may be as fruitful for science 
as the past has been distinguished for learning and research in every de- 
partment of knowledge — (loud cheers). 

Professor Yanos KiSS, University of Buda-Pesth, spoke on behalf of 
Hungary : — 

Nos Hungarici delegati in nomine Universitatis Budapestinensis 
celeberrimam Universitatem Aberdonensem inter eius iubilares festivitates 
obsequiose salutamus eique de gloriose peracto longo quatuor saeculorum 
itinere et de mentis circa culturam humanam comparatis gaudentes con- 


gratulamur. Libenter nos fatemur eiusdem Universitatis in indaganda 
veritate collaboratores et eodem spiritu animatos. Dum enim Universitas 
Aberdonensis per praesulem Ecclesiae fundata principii instar fundamentalis 
profitetur illud : Initium sapicntiaetimor Domini ; noster Universitas aeque 
per praesulem Ecclesiae condita earn habet destinationem ut scientiam cum 
religione simul foveat. Vehementer exoptamuset Deum Optimum Maxi- 
mum adprecamur ut in regione hac, ubi lapides firmissimi efifodiuntur et ad 
usus humanos afifabre elaborantur, etiam prosperitatis humanae firmis- 
simum fundamentum : scientiae cum religione sociata semper coletur et 
eius focus inclyta Universitas Aberdonensis super firmam petram timoris 
Domini et amoris scientiae fundata, in emolumentum potentissimi imperii 
Britannici et culturae humanae per longissimum saeculorum vivat, crescat 
et floreat. 

Professor Count EUGENE GOBLET D'Alviella, of the University of 
Brussels, said : — 

The feelings of solidarity and brotherhood which the Chancellor has 
alluded to in the speech which he has just delivered will be reciprocated by 
all of us, wherever our seat of learning may be, for never have they been 
so strong as they are to-day. The world is covered, I may say, with a net- 
work of universities — all of whom have the same hopes, feelings and aspira- 
tions. We are younger partners in this movement, and wish good to all 
who have preceded us in this path. In the mediseval age they gave the 
signal for the revival of arts, letters and sciences in Europe. Among, them 
Aberdeen has stood in the forefront ; and therefore we are glad to have 
this opportunity of greeting you on this memorable occasion, and of giving 
you our sympathy, our admiration and gratitude for what you have been 
able to accomplish in the past centuries and the good which you will be 
able to do in the future centuries for mankind — (cheers). 

Professor Hoffding said that, speaking for the University of 
Copenhagen and the Royal Danish Society of Sciences, he had much 
pleasure, along with Professor Jespersen, in being present at these celebra- 
tions, and in conveying to them most cordial greetings. The two colleges 
in Aberdeen had made the intellectual life in Scotland very interesting for 
Danish students, and it was a great honour for his colleague and himself 
to bring them the greetings and salutations from the University of 
Copenhagen and best wishes for this old seat of learning. " Universitas 
Aberdonensis Vivat Crescat Floreat" — (cheers). 

Professor Becquerel, Member of the Institute, on behalf of the 
French delegates, said : — 

Messieurs, — Les delegues de la France saluent avec joie I'aube du 
cinquieme siecle qui se leve sur I'Universite d'Aberdeen. En ces jours de 


fete oil les peuples se plaisent a evoquer leurs souvenirs les plus lointains, 
nous aimous a penser qu'entre I'Ecosse et la France, I'amitie est milldnaire. 
Longue est la liste de ceux de vos princes et des vos soldats, de vos poetes 
et de vos savants qui ont trouve dans notre pays comme une seconde 
patrie. Les adresses que vous apportent aujourd'hui I'lnstitut et les 
Universites de France, rappellent la part glorieuse de votre Universite 
dans I'union fraternelle de I'ame des deux nations, Devant quatre siecles 
de gloire, en presence des maitres eminents du temps present, dignes suc- 
cesseurs des maitres illustres du passe, a I'antique Universite d'Aberdeen, 
toujours jeune par I'esprit qui I'anime, nous souhaitons un cinquieme siecle 
de jeunesse et de grandeur. 

Professor Adolf Deissmann, University of Heidelberg, on behalf of 
the German delegates, said : — 

Mein Herr Chancellor ! Die alteste Universitat des deutschen Reiches 
hat mich gebeten der Sch wester Aberdeen zuihremjubelfeste dieherzlichsten 
Gliickwiinsche auszusprechen. Von dem hochwurdigen Vicekanzler 
dieser Universitat gebeten, zugleich fiir die librigen deutschen Dele- 
gierter zu sprechen, bin ich der Zustimmung meiner samtlichen Kollegen 
gewiss, wenn ich sage, dass die deutschen Universitaten am heutigen Tage 
ihre enge Verbundenheit mit Aberdeen und den iibrigen schottischen 
Universitaten ebenso vvie auch mit samtlichen anderen Universitaten Gross- 
britaniens und Irlands auf das lebhafteste empfinden. Und weil es eine 
Verbundenheit ist nicht bios auf der historischen Grundlage gemeinsamer 
und durch das Blut von Martyren geweihter Kampfe fiir die hoch- 
sten Guter der Menschheit, eine Verbundenheit nicht bios durch die 
Gleichheit und Gleichvvertigkeit der wissenschaftlichen Methode und 
Leistung, sondern auch durch unzahlige Faden personlicher B'ezie- 
hungen, von den Tagen als Euer John Forbes bei uns studierte, bis 
heute, bedarf es bei dieser festlichen Begegnung keiner langen Worte ; 
ein Blick und ein Handedruck geniigen, um auszudriicken, was uns 
bewegt ; wir griissen Aberdeen mit dem Wunsch und der Ueberzeugung, 
dass zwischen Euch und uns allezeit ein reger wissenschaftlicher Austausch 
bestehe und dass eine personliche Freundschaft erhalten bleibe fest wie 
der Granit dieses gesegneten Landes. 

Professor W. EiNTHOVEN, University of Leyden, said : — 

The delegates from Holland, Leyden and Groningen consider it a 
privilege to join the University in commemorating the quatercentenary 
of its foundation, and we avail ourselves of this opportunity to offer you 
our sincere homage. The fact of Aberdeen being one of the oldest Uni- 
versities of the world proves from how early a period of history it has 
been understood in Scotland that the spread of knowledge and the pro- 


motion of arts and science are of the greatest importance to humanity. 
They develop those highest faculties in man which distinguish him from 
the brute, and they raise the ideals of the human mind to the higher level. 
Moreover the pursuit of science tends to make peace and preserve it, and 
promote the feeling of fellowship that men should not fight against each 
other, but that they should co-operate in waging war upon the common 
foe — ignorance — (cheers). Fighting in the same ranks of this war does not 
excite envy, but fosters appreciation for each other's works and endeavours. 
In your country, which has risen to unsurpassed prosperity by industry, 
trade and navigation, the importance of science has never been lost sight of 
in the course of ages. This is substantiated by the wealth and growth of 
your University, which now, after an existence of 400 years, is more 
flourishing than ever before. We express the heartfelt wish that the 
University of Aberdeen may ever continue to strive for the spread of 
knowledge among its students, the honour and prosperity of Aberdeen 
and Scotland, and the happiness of mankind — (cheers). 

Professor Commendatore Rodolfo Lanciani said : — 

Mr. Chancellor, my Lord Rector, Mr. Principal, — I have the honour of 
offering you the heartfelt congratulations of the University, of Rome, and of 
the Reale Accademia dei Lincei, the Royal Academy of Sciences of Italy. 
My learned colleague, Professor Guiseppe Veronese, Senator of the King- 
dom, is here present to represent the section of Physical and Mathematical 
Sciences of the said academy, as I have the honour to represent the section 
of Moral, Historical' and Archaeological Sciences. When I received my 
first tuition in the Universit a Gregoriana, the motto of which was " Initium 
sapientise, timor Domini," little I dreamt that in the latter part of my life 
I should become a member of this glorious University of Aberdeen, on the 
shield of which is inscribed the same verse — (cheers). My Lord Chancellor, 
my Lord Rector, Mr. Principal, in delivering into your hands these docu- 
ments of fraternal goodwill and fellowship, I shall slightly modify the 
ancient formula of salutation, and say not " ad multos annos " but " ad 
multa saecula" — (cheers). 

Professor HAMILTON, in introducing the Right Rev. Monsignor 
Eraser, intimated that he had conveyed a medal from the Pope. 

Monsignor Eraser handed the medal to the Chancellor amid loud 

Lord Strathcona requested his thanks to be conveyed to the 

Holy Father. 



Professor MatsUMURA said : — 

In response to your kind invitation the University of Tokyo has 
sent me to be their delegate at the celebrations of the quatercentenary of 
your University. We .congratulate you on the present prosperity of your 
country, which, no doubt, is due to many causes, but chiefly as the result 
of learning and of your method of education which has been so assiduously 
prosecuted from the earliest times. The University founded in 1494, in 
which every branch of learning has been taught, has produced numerous 
graduates of high excellence, has added greatly to the promotion of 
knowledge, and has contributed largely to the prosperity of the whole 
commercial world. We congratulate you for your country's sake and for 
the sake of the Anglo-Japanese alliance which will preserve the peace of 
the East, will join the Eastern world with the Western, and will make 
the happy friendship existing between Great Britain and Japan yet closer 
in the commerce between the two countries. At such a moment as this 
it affords us great pleasure to take part in the quatercentenary celebrations 
of your University and help to bring into closer intimacy the two seats of 
learning — Tokyo and Aberdeen — (applause). I bring you hearty con- 
gratulations for the future prosperity of your University — (cheers). 

Professor Taranger said : — 

I have the honour to bring to the Aberdeen University greetings 
from her younger sister at Christiania. I have to tell you, our dear pro- 
fessors and students of this renowned old city, that v/e wish you the blessings 
of God in your work — (cheers). We hope you will have the same success 
as you have had up to this time in your seeking for truth and in your 
indefatigable labours in spreading your delightful education amongst your 
countrymen. But not to you alone have I to make these greetings. I 
have also to greet Scotland and the Scottish folk — the folk who early 
understood the noble art of striking, yea, of dying for their political and 
religious beliefs — (cheers). I have to bring to you a solemn greeting from 
the kindred land and the kindred people of Norway — (loud cheers). 

Professor Scheviakoff, the spokesman of the Russian delegation, 
said : — 

As a delegate of Russia, I have the great honour to congratulate our 
eldest sister in the celebration of its quatercentenary. I and my country- 
men are very happy to be able to express our sincere thanks to the Uni- 
versity of Aberdeen for all that it has done for our country. More than 
200 years ago a graduate of Marischal College, Mr. Harry Farquharson, 
was recommended to Peter the Great and chosen by him to teach higher 
mathematics at one of the Russian schools, and he taught it for forty years. 


Another graduate of Aberdeen, named Burnet, has also done very much 
in Russia, and a monument is erected to him in St. Petersburg. Accept, 
then, our sincere wishes. We are all convinced that the coming genera- 
tions in Scotland, England and Ireland will provide scientific men who will 
spread knowledge all over the world. We all agree to say " Long live 
and prosper the University of Aberdeen " — (cheers). 

Professor Deruginsky then handed a congratulatory address from 
the Universities and learned Societies of Russia to the Chancellor, and 
also presented Principal Lang with a diploma of Honorary Member- 
ship of the University of St. Petersburg and the Imperial Academy of 
Military Medicine. 

Principal Lang, in reply, said : — 

I accept this diploma with sincere gratification. It is a formidable- 
looking diploma, and it will remind me that I am expected to discharge 
some duties the nature of which I have no knowledge of at the present 
moment. But I accept it with gratification because it is a diploma offered 
to the University through myself. I am sure it will intensify our interest 
in the great country whose Imperial University has presented it — 
(loud cheers). 

Professor Henrick Schuck, Rector of the University of Upsala, 
said : — 

We bring you the congratulations of the Swedish Universities and 
Academies, and we are glad to have this opportunity of expressing our 
feelings towards the Scottish people and the Scottish Universities. There 
existed in olden times very intimate relations between Scotsmen and 
Swedes — (cheers). Long before any University was founded in either of 
our countries, Scotsmen and Swedes were together at a high school in Paris. 
In one of our towns there is a small street which still keeps its old name 
" Rue d'Ecosse," called that because Scottish students lived there when 
studying at Paris University. At the end of that period we got our own 
Universities in Sweden as well as in Scotland, and each of us went his own 
way. Once more, however, we were to meet as close allies and friends, 
not at a foreign University, but in the battlefields of Germany during the 
Thirty Years' War — (cheers). I am sure you Scots have not forgotten 
what an honourable part you took in the great fight for^ freedom and 
conscience — (cheers). In Sweden we still gratefully remember that not 
a small portion of Gustavus Adolphus' victories were due to the Scottish 
followers. Many of these Scotsmen afterwards went over to Sweden 
and you will find their descendants amongst our best people and our 


highest nobihty. In this connection I may perhaps be allowed to refer 
to the name of a Scotsman who has no place in real history, but only 
in a work of fiction — in Sir Walter Scott's Legend of Montrose. You 
Avill all remember the hero of that novel, the valiant Captain Dalgetty, 
and you will remember he had two loves in his life— Gustavus Adolphus, 
King of Sweden, from whom he learned the art of war, and Marischal 
College, where he learned his Latin — (laughter and cheers). Marischal 
College is now beginning a new period in its life, and on such an occasion 
I think it is well that there should be present here some representatives 
from the country of Gustavus Adolphus — (cheers). We thank you 
heartily for the invitation to come here and for the opportunity you have 
thereby granted us to offer you a tribute of grateful remembrance for old 
companionship. We offer you our best wishes for the future — (loud 

Professor CHARLES BORGEAUD, of the University of Geneva, 
said : — 

We bring you greetings from the Swiss Universities. We Swiss are 
something like the Scots. My countrymen have been prepared by their 
experience of an early struggle for liberty and independence to regard 
Scotland among the free people and free nations. Therefore, I have 
pleasure to be the interpreter not only of Geneva but of Bern and Zurich 
in expressing their most sincere wishes to Aberdeen — (cheers). 

Rev. Professor GEORGE E. POST briefly offered in Syriac congratu- 
lations to the University. 

This concluded the presentations, the ceremony occupying almost 
three hours. 

The Chancellor then said : — 

The ceremonies on this occasion have been of the greatest interest 
not only to the members of the University but to every one here present. 
I have only now again to return the most cordial thanks of the University 
to all those from abroad and at home who have honoured us on this 
occasion — (cheers). 

Sir Frederick Treves, the Lord Rector, said : — 

My Lord Chancellor, my Lords and Gentlemen, — The very gracious 
duty devolves upon me at the close of this ever memorable meeting of 
according to the delegates who have presented addresses this afternoon 


the most hearty thanks of the University of Aberdeen — (cheers). I need 
not say that this day will ever be memorable in the annals of this Uni- 
versity, and I am confident that nothing will keep green its memory more 
thoroughly than the kindness and sympathy of those distinguished 
scholars who have come from all parts of the world to lay their tribute at 
the feet of this ancient school of learning — (loud cheers). 

The band then played the National Anthem, and the proceedings 

The arranging of the Delegates and the seating of the audience in 
the Hall were carried out under the general supervision of Professor Hay 
and Mr. John Clarke respectively. 


4. Banquet by the Town Council. 

^ \ "^HE Lord Provost, Magistrates, and Town Council entertained the 
-^ Chancellor, Court, Senatus, University Officials, and a number of 
the Delegates and special Guests of the University, and of the citizens of 
Aberdeen, at a Banquet in the Music Hall, at 8 P.M. 

After the loyal toasts, the Lord Provost, who presided, proposed 
" The University". He said : — 

Under ordinary circumstances the toast of the " University," while 
calling for some historical knowledge and sympathy with academic insti- 
tutions, presents no formidable difficulty, but in the memorable circum- 
stances under which we are met and in the presence of so many 
distinguished representatives of other Universities and other nationalities, 
I feel the task less easy and one demanding more detailed handling than 
usual. For the sake of those eminent strangers at present in our city, 
of whom we are proud to see such a large representation at this gathering, 
I may be allowed to recall a few well-known facts in the history of the 

The time was when Aberdeen boasted two Universities. The Uni- 
versity of to-day is a combination of two separate endowments which had 
for centuries an independent existence. First of all, there was the Uni- 
versity and King's College, founded under the authority of a Papal Bull 
in 1494. In virtue of this Bull, the College of St. Mary — subsequently 
called King's College — was instituted in 1505, almost exactly four hundred 
years ago. This was in the days of that quixotic King, James IV., some 
years before he lost on " Flodden's fatal field " the title of " Invictissimus," 
by which he is described in an inscription near the west door of that 
College Chapel, where some of you were present this morning. That 
was the more ancient foundation of University and King's College. The 
other institution was Marischal College, founded almost a century later in 
1 593 by George Keith, fifth Earl Marischal of Scotland, under a charter 



ratified by an Act of the Scots Parliament, in the days of that other James, 
James VI., under whom, in 1603, the kingdoms of England and Scotland 
were combined under one Crown. These two academic institutions — -the 
one a century younger than the other — existed as independent bodies till 
the nineteenth century. Indeed, they were rivals and competitors, and no 
little jealousy and animosity were generated between them. They com- 
peted somewhat truculently for the patronage of undergraduates, and 
some of their subtle attempts to discredit each other's reputation draw 
smiles from us who are happily beyond the reach of their partisanship. 
But one good thing grew out of their keen rivalry ; since each strove to 
outdo and surpass the other in endowments, they amassed between them 
a vast number of bursaries, which, when a fusion was effected, gave the 
new University an unusually large supply of scholarships for its alumni. 
Though attempts were often made to weld them into one academic body, 
nothing came of these till 1858, when the Universities Act of that year 
brought about this desirable end. The " Fusion," as it was locally called, 
took effect from the 15th of September, i860, so that the University of 
Aberdeen, as such, is exactly forty-six years old. There was much op- 
position on both sides to this union, but looking back on these dead con- 
troversies, we are bound to confess that it could only have been the fierce 
passions of party feelings that blinded our ancestors to the fact that there 
was no scope for two prosperous Universities in our midst, and that the 
only way to secure one healthy and vigorous institution was to combine 
their resources. It may be of interest to note that when they were rivals, 
Marischal College catered more particularly for the sons of townsmen, 
and King's for youths from the country districts. At the union of i860, 
the Arts and Divinity classes were located at King's College, in the 
quiet and placid precincts of Old Aberdeen, where the antiquity of the 
buttressed tower and arched crown harmonised very aptly with the ancient 
humanities which were to be the chief subjects of instruction ; while the 
more modern subjects, Science and Medicine, were planted in the more 
bustling centre of Broad Street, From the day of the Fusion, the heat of 
their rivalry cooled, and occasional attempts to fan the dying embers into 
flame proved futile. The present generation knows nothing of these 
rivalries. The Arts classes, being the backbone and most essential part 
of a University education, it may be argued that King's College had the 
best of the bargain. Marischal College in those days was under a cloud, 
pent up and obscured behind the old Parish Church of Greyfriars and a 
frontage of decayed shops and tenements. It is many years since the 
cry was heard that Marischal College must be opened up ; but it is only 
now, in 1906, after the lapse of nearly half a century, that this consum- 
mation, which was the prayer of many an ardent Aberdonian, has been 
finally achieved — (cheers). 

You will agree with me if, as I assume, you have already seen that 


splendid frontage of glistening granite and towering pinnacles and chaste 
and finely-proportioned architecture that, though waiting was tedious, it 
was worth while to wait for such an imposing edifice. We have waited 
long, but the princely munificence of generous friends, prominent amongst 
them being the late Mr. Charles Mitchell of Newcastle, and the present 
Chancellor of the University, has more than justified the delay — -(cheers). 
After tedious years of deferred hope and patient waiting, after years of 
hard work and troublesome negotiation, at last our wildest hopes have been 
realised, Marischal College has been drawn into the public view. She has 
been embellished with a frontage unequalled, except it be in Milan 
Cathedral, for beauty of outline and grandeur and sublimity of conception, 
and if she puts King's College in the shade both as regards the richness of 
her architectural display and the sumptuousness of her internal equipment, 
this should not be grudged to the younger member of the partnership. 
When they recall the long years of obscurity during which she was shut 
out from public observation, when the only approach to the quadrangle 
was through a mean and sordid pond or alley, where the children of the 
Gallowgate played their rough and boisterous games, no friends of King's 
College but will allow that it was time the junior partner came to her 

Should there be any disposition on the part of King's men to grumble 
that she has been superseded or eclipsed by these modern growths in 
Broad Street, they should remember that King's is rich in ancient associa- 
tions which can never be obliterated or surpassed. She has her antique 
and beauteous chapel with its carved oak-screen, and the tomb of her 
pious founder. Bishop Elphinstone ; she has her spacious and imposing 
library, which is ever adding to its embellishments ; above all, she has 
that hoary Crown towards which her alumni cast their mind's eye across 
the estranging seas. These are associations of a hallowed and holy kind 
which have yet to grow round the newer edifice. The Chapel and the 
buttressed tower form a group of academic buildings unique in Scotland, 
and let us not imagine that the mere fabric of our great educational 
seminaries is a matter of indifference. Many an impression sinks deep 
into the youthful mind, besides those which are made in the college class- 
room. Is it possible for the eye to rest day by day on the graceful forms, 
the proportions, the symmetry of a pile like that which has risen into 
being during the last two years, without the love of order and beauty and 
harmony being strengthened in the inmost heart ? 

During the last decade, the history of Marischal College has been one 
of steady growth. In 1895 were completed the Mitchell Hall, the central 
tower, and the Anatomical department ; in 1 896 was added the new north 
wing for Botany, Surgery, Pathology and Chemistry; in 1897 rose the 
north tower, containing a Law class-room and a Zoological Laboratory ; 
in 1898 the Natural Philosophy department came into use; and now, as I 


have said, in 1906, the square is complete, and the west front, which con- 
tains the Library and the Administrative department, which necessitated 
the clearance of Broad Street and the reconstruction of the Greyfriars 
Church, has brought the work to a point which ten years ago few of the 
most sanguine could have forecast. You are proud, and have reason to 
be proud, of your renovated University buildings, and we of the muni- 
cipality have ever striven to give the University reason to be proud of the 
city in which it is planted. Town and gown have worked harmoniously 
to the great end which has at last been successfully, triumphantly 

It were needless to detail the many difficulties and obstructions that 
had to be surmounted. Suffice it that they are overcome, that the money 
has been found, that the architect was equal to the great demands made 
upon him, and that the University authorities proved themselves alert and 
energetic to make the most of their opportunities. The occasion is one 
well fitted for the exchange of felicitations, and while there are many that 
I should desire to congratulate on this consummation of their labours, I 
would specially single out for gratulation the Very Reverend Principal of 
the University — (cheers) — for whom the events of this week must have a 
significance and a glory which they do not carry to other members of the 
University staff. During his six years' tenure of office he has, in season 
and out of season, been unfailing in his tactful management of diverse and 
difficult forces, and I am glad for his sake that his prolonged period of 
anxious endeavour is all but over. It is fitting that I should couple with 
this toast the name of the venerable head of the University, the revered 
Chancellor, the Right Honourable Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal — 
one of that long array of faithful sons of our country who have left it to 
court fortune in other lands, but who never forget what they owe to the 
land of their nativity, and always return to shower upon their fellow- 
countrymen no small part of the blessings with which Providence and 
their own indomitable energy have endowed them. But for Lord Strath- 
cona's timely help at a crisis in this great building scheme, we should not 
to-day have reached that stage of finality which is within our sight. Of 
his munificence in other directions it would be out of place for me to speak. 
We are proud of him as a typical Scotchman, we are proud of him as a 
distinguished Chancellor, and it is no small happiness to have him honour- 
ing this occasion with his gracious presence — (loud and prolonged cheers). 

Lord Strathcona, Chancellor of the University, replied to the 
toast, and, on rising, was very heartily received. He said : — 

While I am deeply sensible of the great honour of having assigned 
to me this toast, representing as I do the University, I feel how impos- 
sible it is for me adequately to respond to the toast. Since I knew that I 


would be asked to respond to this toast not many hours ago, I have been 
so busy that I have not had time to prepare a speech. I would have 
done well, very well indeed, to have followed the example of the Lord 
Provost in having thought out what to say to you and given you an 
account of the Aberdeen University, But, sir, I am under a very great 
obligation to you. Were it not that you have so very clearly put before 
this assembly in the clearest and most lucid manner all that this Uni- 
versity is and has done, I should feel more greatly embarrassed just now 
than I do. With regard to all you have told us I feel there is really 
nothing for me to say. All the gentlemen who are here at present have 
been in another hall to-day. They heard there the testimony given to 
what has been done by this great University, in that it has sent forth, not 
to one country in Europe, but to all the countries of Europe, those who 
have been enabled to bring up their University to the high standard in 
which they now find it. Unquestionably the Aberdeen University has 
done a very great deal indeed for all those who attended it. It has been 
a seat of light and learning for all, but more especially for those in Aber- 
deen and the North-East of Scotland. I have not the advantage of being 
one of the students of Aberdeen University, but I have a dear brother 
who was a student, so that in my early days I came to think of this Uni- 
versity, and I know the great esteem in which it is held in that part of 
the country in which I was more particularly connected — (applause). As 
it was there, so it is in many other parts far from Scotland. You will 
find in the dominions beyond the seas those who will tell you that to the 
learning and training they received here they are indebted for the positions 
which they hold to-day in many parts of the world — (applause). They 
have done very well in taking an example by Aberdeen University 
throughout the United States and colonies in building up seats of learning 
— Universities on the model of those in Scotland — Universities which are 
doing their part in the education of those throughout every part of the 
Empire who are no less Englishmen in the best sense of the word, no less 
loyal and no less devoted subjects to our King and country — (applause). 
Aberdeen has done much for learning in the past, and unmistakably 
Scotchmen are indebted, as they are to nothing else, to the superior educa- 
tion given at their parish schools and universities. In times gone by 
Germany had not attained the position it now occupies with regard to 
University learning, not only in Germany, but in all the other countries of 
Europe, and in Arnerica it was equally true. To-day it is different. 
Aberdeen has done much in recent years to extend education, and it 
must not, it cannot stand still — (hear, hear, and applause). It is a great 
satisfaction to all who take an interest in this great University to know 
that it is to-day in a much better position than it has ever been before — 

Yet there is a good deal that it must still do here. We have through- 


out Europe and we have also in America and Canada Universities and 
higher schools which are certainly quite abreast of those in Scotland or 
the mother-country. Shall I tell you in one word of one of these? In 
the city of Montreal there is a MacGill College. There are others, the 
Universities of Toronto, of Kingston, and others in' Nova Scotia which are 
doing most excellent work. I, however, mention especially the MacGill 
College, because I know most about it and have the great honour while 
Chancellor of this University to hold the same position there — (applause). 
Little is it possible for me to do on one side or the other, but happily we 
have amongst those who have gone out from Scotland one man who is 
prominent there for what he has done in the cause of education. In the 
MacGill College they have their technical education and their Faculty of 
Science which are not equalled but in many respects are superior to any- 
thing that is to be found in this country — (applause). I would tell you 
that there is a person there, a Scotchman, bearing the good Scotch name 
of Sir William Macdonald, by whose efforts there was subscribed for the 
establishment of technical education the sum of 3,000,000 dollars. Here 
you have even more practically than in the past put up a College of Agri- 
culture. There (in Montreal) this same benefactor has given not 3,000,000 
dollars but ;^6oo,ooo for the establishment of a Technical College of 
Agriculture. Your principal object now I am sure you will consider to 
be the strengthening of your University with regard to technical education 
— (hear, hear). And I am happy to find from the Lord Provost here 
that this is not being lost sight of, but that in this part of Scotland 
means are being taken for the establishment of such a College — one 
which is not to be by itself a degree-giving University but affiliated with 
the University of Aberdeen — (applause). 

I feel that it is really unnecessary for me to speak further of the 
University of Aberdeen, but I must say that the University feels that it 
is under the greatest obligation to the Magistracy and the Corporation of 
Aberdeen for the great and most valuable assistance it has given us 
during these long years. When I came, happily for me, to be acquainted 
directly with the University here some eight years back, the then Lord 
Provost was Mr. Fleming — (loud applause) — a gentleman who was a 
most devoted worker, and proved most useful with regard to the extension 
scheme — (applause). There is another gentleman I had the pleasure of 
making the acquaintance of, Mr. Crombie, who has always been a ready 
and willing assistant. But it is not only to those gentlemen we owe our 
thanks, but to the whole community of Aberdeen, who rose to the occasion 
and proved that they were determined to uphold the best traditions of the 
University — (applause). I am sure that they are not even yet satisfied 
that they have done all that is necessary in that respect. While we see 
before us to-day a pile of buildings artistic in character and complete in 
every respect, I am sure it will be the desire and endeavour of the people 


of Aberdeen to add to these as may be required, and to place the Uni- 
versity of Aberdeen in every respect abreast of any other in the United 
Kingdom — (applause). To one man, a Scotchman — I am sorry to say he 
is unable to be here this evening — Mr. Carnegie, Rector of St. Andrews 
University, there is owing the grateful thanks of all the people of Scot 
land for what he has done in the interests of education — (applause). On 
behalf of the University I would desire here to thank all those who have 
honoured us by coming on our invitation on this great occasion, and we 
feel under a deep obligation to the Lord Provost and the Corporation for 
the recognition we have had from them. We are to have His Gracious 
Majesty with us on Thursday, and I am sure he comes with the know- 
ledge and the assurance that there are no more loyal subjects in the whole 
country than the citizens of Aberdeen — (applause). I thank you very 
deeply for the great honour you have done in naming me on this occasion 
to be the medium of replying for the University — (loud cheers). 

The Right Hon. James Bryce, M.P., proposed the toast of "Our 
Guests," and in doing so said : — 

Human nature is happily so constituted that none of us can 
thoroughly rejoice over the fruits of his own labours until he has some one 
beside him who can sympathise with what he has done and who can 
rejoice in his own joy. Accordingly, when Aberdeen determined to cele- 
brate its 400th anniversary of the foundation of its University, it deter- 
mined to invite friends from many places, men of kindred spirits, men 
who would be interested in seeing what the University and City had to 
show, men whose presence would stimulate it to further exertions. Scot- 
land, I will make bold to say, has never been backward in hospitality, 
and I hope she never will be — (hear, hear). We Scotsmen go into many 
lands. Wherever we go we try to accommodate ourselves to those among 
whom we dwell. We find ourselves generally made welcome, and we 
have received so much kindness and hospitality, as every Scot abroad 
will join me in testifying, that the least we can do is to be hospitable 
here at home— (applause). Moveover, there is perhaps another reason, a 
fact not so generally known as it deserves to be, that we Scotsmen are in 
reality a very modest people — (hear, hear). We are apt to be distrustful 
of our own merits and achievements, and until some one comes round to 
inform us of that, to pat us gently on the back and tell us — well, all that 
we should like ourselves to be — (applause and hear, hear). 

And so for all these reasons the University and City have invited our 
distinguished guests from many parts of the world to come and rejoice 
with us in this anniversary which stirs our hearts and feelings. We are 
glad that you have come — (applause). 1 think no one could have been 
in the hall in which we were to-day through the munificence of our 


Chancellor — (applause) — and seen that long and splendid succession of 
delegates from so many scats of learning go up with their addresses of 
greeting, without feeling that not only Aberdeen, but Scotland ought to 
be thankful to those who have come to us — (applause). 

To our guests let me say — we thank you from our hearts, and we 
welcome you with a hearty welcome. We welcome you to a University 
small, indeed, in its beginnings, but which can now look back upon four 
centuries of strenuous effort, a University which has not only produced 
many a famous man, but has done what is still better, has produced in 
every age hundreds and thousands of men, who have done quiet, modest, 
useful work in the great professions of the Church, and of teaching, and 
the law, and engineering, and most of all perhaps in the profession of 
medicine. And you see you have come to a city which, from having been 
in former days a small fortress, set upon its rocky hill, scarcely able to 
repel from its walls the wild tribes of the mountains, has grown up to be 
the third city in Scotland — a city of varied industries, spreading out far 
and wide from her original bounds, and filled by a population which is 
restlessly active as is the sea that beats upon her shores, solid and strong 
as the granite out of which she hews her dwellings— -(applause). We 
welcome you as our guests to-day. We welcome many of our fellow- 
subjects in England and Ireland, men eminent in Church and State, who 
have come to bear their kindly greetings to us, and to tell us they ap- 
preciate what Scotland has done for that mighty Empire to which we all 
belong. And we greet, perhaps with no less hearty a welcome, those 
distinguished strangers representative of learning and science, who have 
come to us from so many distant lands — from all the countries of Europe, 
from the great republic beyond the seas, from our kinsfolk subject to the 
same Crown in the colonies, and even from countries so far away as 
Japan, who sends us a master of botanical science — (applause) — and 
Egypt, who sends us a distinguished Armenian, a master of educational 
science. Some of our guests come from those larger countries with whose 
politics we are intimately concerned, and to them what we would say is — 
carry back to your fellow-countrymen a message that Britain is a peace- 
ful country — (hear, hear, and applause) — tell them that we desire nothing 
but friendship, amity and good feeling with one and all of the great 
countries of Europe, and what we earnestly hope is that a gathering like 
this in which distinguished men from all those countries come together 
will help us to realise the essential unity of Christendom — (applause). 
Some of you are from the smaller countries, some from Norway, Sweden, 
Denmark, from Belgium, Holland and Switzerland, and to you we would 
say that we are a small people ourselves although we are part of a great 
people, and appreciate and realise what contributions the small countries 
have made to the common stock of literature and knowledge, and we 
thank you for what you have done in the world — (applause). 


But to all our guests, from whatever country they come, we would 
say, and the City says it as well as the University, because the City as well 
as the University loves science and thrives by science, we would say to 
you, our guests, men who cultivate every branch of human knowledge, 
that we honour the power of thought and knowledge, that power which is 
the greatest force in the world to-day. Be you divines, or philosophers, 
be you historians, be you metaphysicians, physicists, chemists, or physio- 
logists, whether you explain to us the past or point us to the future, you 
are of that class of men of thought and research, and in your hands is the 
progress of the world — (hear, hear, and applause). For you and for us on 
an occasionlikethis there are no distinctions of race or country — (applause). 
There are no frontiers, no pass-ports, no Custom houses — (a voice — 
" Bravo ! "). Exports and imports are alike blessed to us all. The more 
knowledge we exchange, the better for all who exchange it. " Many shall 
go to and fro and knowledge shall be increased." Between you and us 
there can be no bickerings and no jealousies — (applause). We are all 
members of one body, all members of one commonwealth of letters and 
science, all working in our several v/ays towards one great end — the ad- 
vancement of knowledge and the bettering of human life — (applause). 
That is what a University exists for. That is what the Universities whence 
you have come are trying to serve. That is what we have sought to serve 
here in Aberdeen, and we hope this gathering will establish between you 
and us an ever-deepening and an ever-growing sympathy — (applause). 

When you honoured me with the duty of proposing this toast, you 
asked me to couple it with two distinguished names, and I am sure every 
one present will be glad to respond to it. I give you this toast coupled with 
these names : one is that of His Serene Highness the Prince of Monaco 
— (applause). Possession of rank and wealth, which in many cases be- 
come a temptation to luxurious ease, he has devoted most energetically 
to the study of science, and he has contributed to hydrography and marine 
zoology information which science rates at the highest value — (applause). 
The other name is that of one whom I will not venture to call a stranger, 
although a guest, because the Archbishop of Canterbur>'— (applause) — 
bears a name familiar to us in the north of Scotland and as honoured as 
familiar — (applause). It is not a little remarkable that in this generation 
Scotland should give to the Church of England two Archbishops ; and I 
think the present Archbishop, whom we are delighted to see amongst us 
to-night, worthily represents and worthily sustains the traditions of Arch- 
bishop Tait, whose memory every one who knew him holds in honour — 
(applause). Like Archbishop Tait, the present Archbishop is a man of 
large and liberal mind. He is a man of sound and penetrating judgment, 
and he has shown by the efforts which he makes to dwell upon the funda- 
mentals of Christianity and to unite men's hearts and minds by their faith 
in these fundamental truths, how luminous have been his views of theology 


and history and how well he appreciates the needs of the times in which 
he lives — (applause). I givfe you the toast of our distinguished guests, 
and couple it with the names of the Prince of Monaco and the Archbishop 
of Canterbury — (applause). 

The toast was heartily honoured, the company led by the band, sing- 
ing " Will ye no come back again ? " 

The Prince of Monaco, who was the first to respond, said : — 

My Lord Provost, your excellency, and gentlemen, first of all I must 
ask you to notice how difficult it is for me to answer properly to such 
magnificent words and ideas as Mr. Bryce has uttered in proposing this 
toast. But I will do my best in my very poor language. Once more again 
I find myself, with the same sentiments, in one of the countries that I love 
— Scotland— (cheers) — where the verdure of the woods and the fields is 
girdled by the wide expanse of the waters of the sea. May I add that 
the feeling of your distinguished visitors, in whose name I am asked to 
express to you sympathy and congratulations, is in complete accordance 
with mine, therefore I empty my glass for the future glory of this Uni- 
versity — (cheers). 

The Archbishop of Canterury, who also replied; said : — 

My Lord Provost, my lords and gentlemen, high is the honour con- 
ferred on those on whom the task is assigned of responding to this toast, 
but I think that they are entitled to-night to your sincerest sympathy. 
Let any man picture for himself or recall what he has seen to-day, or turn 
to the voluminous literature, ample and brilliant, which has been supplied 
to us all, and let him discover who are those in whose name the re- 
sponders to the toast are called upon to speak, and I think he will feel 
himself entitled to the sympathetic thought of those whom I am address- 
ing now. A more remarkable assembly is not often gathered anywhere 
in the world — (applause). The scenes of to-day, kaleidoscopic in colour, 
varied in interest, stimulating in variety, have, I think, set us all to ponder 
upon the significance of such a gathering in Aberdeen in the opening 
early years of the new century ; and it is with a genuine feeling of inade- 
quacy that I in no sense represent that galaxy of all that is worthiest 
and most forward in the world's life that I say the few words of thanks 
that have been entrusted to me now. The whole scene of to-day is part 
only of that which this week will fill : processions through the streets, 
this afternoon a series of addresses by men whose names belong not to 
one nation but to all, and not least, to some of us at least, that service in 
the Chapel this morning. These things suggest to us possibilities for the 
future, if not for the present, which are some of them too big for words. 


Do we realise how unique a thing it is ? Is it not a rare incident ? With 
the single exception I imagine of what happened some score of years ago 
in Edinburgh, it is practically unique. Oxford and Cambridge can give 
no record to-day corresponding to this ; and the significance of such a 
gathering here is for that reason ten times the greater — (cheers), I 
remember on the occasion I refer to in Edinburgh Bishop Lightfoot, 
scholar and thinker, being called upon to respond to a somewhat similar 
toast ; and I remember he spoke of the strange sensations contained 
in him as the prelatic representative of a prelatic Church. Aberdeen 
did not present such a terror as Edinburgh to the representatives of 
the Church— (laughter). Do we all recollect when we are thinking of 
Aberdeen at this time that the sturdy and stout opposition which was 
offered to the innovation of things 300 years ago was what brought about 
the doubling of the University for its ultimate gain ? The second of the 
two foundations was due to that very stubborn opposition, and though a 
little backward to make changes Aberdeen in the long run gained not one 
University but two, and though they had rivalled one another for a 
number of years they became united in the great cause and had been the 
means of doing good not only to the north of Scotland and to Britain, 
but to the whole world. 

It is not altogether out of place for one who holds a prelatic office to 
be allowed to be among the responders this evening. Is it not true that 
Columba sent forth his missionaries to these regions and told them to go 
to a place where the river formed itself into a bishop's crosier and there 
to found a cathedral, which was now known as the Cathedral of St, 
Machar — (cheers)? The other day, a week ago, I was in Italy, and I 
happened to be reading through a book about the Italian universities, 
especially about Bologna, and there I found a reference to the well-known 
fact that there, as in other universities, it was the custom when great 
scholars from other lands visited the University, to write down their names, 
and so there was in array the acute doctor, the weighty doctor, the most 
orderly doctor, the angelic doctor, the inexpressible doctor, the squalid 
doctor, and the ingredient doctor — (laughter). We have them all here 
to-night— (renewed laughter) — and you will have no difficulty in finding 
representatives of every one of those I have referred to. 

On behalf of all those, I have to thank you to-night for this oppor- 
tunity of being present ; and we thank you for something that will do us 
good, and it may be good to other, people, for we recognise the distinctive 
service that Aberdeen has rendered by its University, not to its own 
district alone, but to regions far away — (cheers), I believe it is not too 
much to say that no university in the world has rendered quite the same 
service in the way of popularising education by the training of teachers 
in simple elementary schools — (cheers). No greater service could have 
been rendered to one locality, and through that locality to the land to 


which we belong; and those who could speak best of it and were authori- 
ties in the matter would support me in saying that to the University of 
Aberdeen beyond almost any other educational institution in the British 
Isles we owe the popularising of education, and the passing of those 
schemes and plans that we in other parts of the British Empire have been 
vainly striving to solve, while you have succeeded and are carrying them 
out here — (cheers). The University of the Granite City has, it may be 
said, the very best material to work upon out of which to fashion their 
students. But those who had seen the variety of type and race that had 
come from other lands must have been reminded of the preacher's elo- 
quent words " Culture, like commerce, is cosmopolitan ". Those who have 
come from other lands have brought with them messages of congratula- 
tion, but they will carry back with them a resolve to make their land 
worthier than it has been yet, and to make it patriotically better and 
stronger, and robuster. In the truest sense they are cosmopolitan in 
serving the world at large. We go hence, those of us whose health has 
been eloquently proposed by my old friend and teacher, Mr. Bryce, stimu- 
lated by the great object lesson of this week ; we go back to work better 
it may be for the common good, not in the higher sense of learning only, 
but in the setting forward of all that thereby may promote the things that 
are true and lovely and of good report — (cheers). 

Sir Frederick Treves proposed the toast of " The Chairman," and 
said : — 

I take it that the first qualification of a chairman is to fill a chair and 
to fill it completely and picturesquely, and these qualifications our chairman 
to-night can certainly lay claim to. There must be many present who 
have never before seen a Lord Provost in the flesh. Whatever conception 
they may have formed of that personage ; whatever ideas they may have 
evolved through their own inner consciousness, I am perfectly certain that 
any theory they may have formed will be most admirably realised when they 
gaze upon our chairman of this evening — (applause). Our chairman is not 
only picturesque, I should remind you also that he is the first citizen of a 
city whose history during the last twenty years, or during the years that 
Mr. Lyon has been serving the citizens of Aberdeen, has had a history 
which is little short of marvellous, which has illustrated the sterling 
qualities of the Scotch people, their genius, their sound common sense ; and 
more than that, we can claim for our chairman that he is something of a 
wonder-worker. I must remind you, and especially those of tender con- 
science, that the building in which we are gathered is a music hall — 
(laughter). As a matter of fact, the music halls have been subjected to 
somewhat severe criticism. Whether that is justified or not I am not in 
a position to say, but there is no concealing the fact that we have all of us 



spent the evening, I would almost say the night, in a music hall — (laughter). 
How far that pure statement of fact will affect the reputation of certain 
individuals I am unable to say, but the fact remains, and I hope our 
foreign visitors, who have been perhaps impressed by certain criticisms, 
will go away with the impression that these are unjust, and carry away 
with them the conviction that the variety entertainment we have enjoyed 
this evening is typical of the British music hall — (laughter). We have 
enjoyed the hospitality of our Lord Provost — a most sumptuous banquet, 
most admirable music, and most exceptional eloquence, and for that we 
must pay him the very highest tribute-^— (applause). I should like to say 
also that those of us who have the good fortune to be associated with the 
Lord Provost in these celebration arrangements can bear the very highest 
testimony to his remarkable acumen, to his good nature, to his tact, and 
to his wonderful business capacity — (applause) — and in conclusion I might 
apply to him the description which, if not exactly new andi original, is at 
least familiar — I might present him to you as a "jolly good fellow". 

Lord Provost Lyon said : — 

Allow me in one word to thank you very much for the very kind 
way in which you have drunk this toast. I thank Sir Frederick Treves 
very heartily for his kind words, but I think these need not have been 
said particularly with regard to me. We are all very proud to have had 
such a distinguished company to-night, but the City of Aberdeen on all 
occasions strives to show hospitality to strangers in the same way as we 
receive hospitality when we go to other places. I have the honour to 
represent what I call a good city — a city which, as Sir Frederick said, 
is progressive ; and if, during the twenty years which I have been on 
the Town Council, I have been able to do anything for my native city, I 
am more than repaid. On any occasion we shall be very pleased to see 
you together again, and I trust the happy evening we have spent may be 
a good beginning to what the Archbishop of Canterbury has already said 
is a memorable week in the city of Aberdeen — (applause). 

The proceedings closed with the toast of " Bon-Accord," proposed by 
the Lord Provost. 

During the evening a programme of music was discoursed by the 
band of the ist A.R.A. (V.), under Bandmaster Wood, while Mr. 
Burwood Nicholls played a number of selections on the grand organ. 
Three pipers, headed by Pipe-Major Dunbar, of the 3rd Battalion Gordon 
Highlanders, marched round the hall and discoursed lively airs, and at 
intervals during the toast list the Aberdeen Male Voice Choir rendered a 
number of beautiful pieces. The toast-master, who announced the guests 
on arrival and took his part in intimating the toast-list, was a distinct and 
most successful feature of the meeting. 


5. Students' Torchlight" Procession. 

A Torchlight Procession of Students, in fancy dress, started from 
Marischal College at 8 P.M., and proceeded via Broad Street, Union 
Street, Albyn Place, Fountainhall Road, Beechgrove Terrace, Rosemount, 
Esslemont Avenue and Skene Street, to Robert Gordon's College, where 
the torches were burned. A Smoking Concert was held in the Students' 
Union after the Procession, at which the President, Mr. James Donaldson, 

On the same evening an At Home was given by the women students 
in the Gymnasium of Robert Gordon's College. (See p. 343.) 

6. The Conferring of Honorary Degrees. 

The world is upheld by the veracity of good men : they make the earth wholesome. . . . 
The search after the great men is the dream of youth and the most serious occupation of 
manhood.— Emerson. 

THE great days have come and gone. I looked forward to them as I 
did to the days when I should enter the King's College as a 
student. I look back to them with the same regret. A new stage in life 
is ended. It is full of beautiful memories, but they are memories, not 
hopes ; vague fair images of things never to come again, realised visions 
of a future that now is for ever past. Had I the words and the craft to 
use them I should speak of the great pageant with an eloquence that 
none could resist ; I should inform every sentence with the clear passion 
of that holy week, bodying forth without restraint the sweet touch of 
friend and friend, the divine emotion that flowed only in the single 
moment of meeting and made us conscious of our greatness. But I have 
neither the words nor the craft. I must sit here dumb, filling the night 
with dreams and the day with longings that cannot be stilled. Why is it 
always regret or hope ? Is there nowhere in the mind of man the power 
to stop the fair moment, or must he for ever dream in memories or seek 
anew for the vision that will lift the gloom away ? I cannot answer. I 
only know that time and again, in the silence of the night and at times 
too in the oppressive silence of the day, I must give myself, as driven who 
knows how, to the life lived through and that lives never again, to the 
reverie of sorrow for the past that will not again be present, to the 
contemplation of joyous dead days that seemed to stir in me all that the 



years have created of joy and regret, hopes that were delusions, dreams 
too fair to last. 

It is not in such a mood that I can tell what happened and say 
coldly what impressions those crowded days made. Yet it is the only 
mood that comes to me when I try to look back and bring order out of 
the long life of experiences. How unwilling I am to speak of it, none but 
myself can know ; for it means that at last the student is dead and only 
the man now lives. He will go back to his dreams thousands of times 
yet and will always awake from them with the same regret. He will hear 
voices calling in the night and he will know what they mean, but he 
cannot go where they call. Thirty years of the past rise up to him filled 
with the old hopes, the old fears, the anxieties, the defeats, the triumphs, 
the happy and the unhappy faces, the companionships, the sweet revealing 
words, the orders of conflict, pains, depressions, sorrows, joys, and all the 
other dead that live again. But he can only wait for the daylight when 
the ghosts of the past fade into the crude facts of the world, and he must 
lift the day's burden once more. 

This was the second day of the Festival. Already, on the first day, 
in a long procession of graduates, undergraduates, friends of every nation, 
school and creed, we had shown how the University in its ideal was one 
with the City, the holy truth of the plain day's life, the emotional unity 
that consecrates learning and citizenship. And at the end of that great 
progress, we welcomed the nations formally, proving to each as to our- 
selves that the Arts have no nationality and that the universal civilisation 
of our dreams will come from the dreamers of the true and good. To-day, 
we would yet more precisely express the same doctrine. We had chosen 
human names from all the world, all our world of Science, Art, Religion, 
Philosophy, Affairs ; we would add those new names to the old Order of 
Elphinstone and Marischal ; we would see our new brothers passing 
under the ordeal and admitted. 

The sun was bright. Every man of us and some women, too, came 


clad in ceremonial robes ; but we were only a few of the thousands seeking 
to enter the Mitchell Hall. The Quadrangle would have been the place ; 
but that had to be reserved for the climax, when the King should come. 
Here, in the Mitchell Hall, we were in the inner temple of the University, 
where alone the true ceremony of initiation can take place ; where the 
world is shut out and the infinite Ideal is unveiled only to the tested and 
disciplined brother. 

Early there, who should we meet but our old Dr. Subtilis? Keen 
of eye as of intellect, touched with the religious emotion of the hour, long- 
ing to see the men whose names, many of them, had filled his mind and 
ours for years, he was to us a chorus of the ceremony, old experience 
testing and accepting the new lords of the mind, the true kings of the 
world-state. It was through his clear eyes that we looked on face after 
face. Each man was transfigured for us into a robed priest of a great 
religious procession ; each a pilgrim passing from nowhence towards no- 
whither, but bearing with him that by which alone we live and chanting 
the unending hymn of effort and desire. 

The Old Chancellor filled the chair. 

Near Forres there is a little hospital in a wood. You stand on the 
hill-slope and, looking south, you find the landscape peopled with wondrous 
shades from the dead, the ghosts of Scottish Kings, and you may hear 
the piping of the clans as they went to the wars and came again, not with 
their King. You will see, too, a tall figure mounting the slope, coming 
out of the landscape — stalwart, lithe, clear-eyed, modern, a master. He is 
going to the West, where there is room for him to grow and make a new 
civilisation to better the old. And you wait. He comes again, this time 
grey, but full of experience; rich, powerful, humane. He builds a 
hospital where you stand ; for he is tender to the old friends and their 
children. But his home now is the world. He has opened up leagues of 
territory, where our sons and our sons' sons shall go with him, uniting 
province to province by the answering hearts of Scotsmen. And the 
clear-eyed, strong youth we saw there is our Chancellor to-day — his eye 


undimmed, his force unabated, a true head of our University, the maker of 
empires. And all our coming Doctors of Laws could see why Scotland 
" stands where it did " ; for Donald Smith coming out of the landscape 
and mounting the hill at Forres is Strathcona and Mount Royal, governor 
of men, Chancellor of our Brotherhood. 

So it was proper that he should take them each by the hand. He, 
as they, had earned the title to be there. 

" Ay, ay," said our friend Dr. Subtilis, " an' that's aye Donal' Smith ! 
Y'd 'a kent he wis mair 'n a University man. Bit he's a' that, tee. . . . 
Ay, ay!" 

Then Professor Gilroy read the lesson of the D.D.'s, and he did it 
well. He began with the Archbishop of Canterbury — one of the four 
Scotsmen that come next after Royalty ; a Presbyterian born ; therefore, 
an Archbishop. Rightly, Professor Gilroy divided his graduands into 
Ecclesiastical Statesmen, like Archbishop Davidson; Apologists, like 
Dean Bernard ; Historians, like Professor Bonet-Maury ; Critics, like 
Professors Bulmerincq and Driver. The Church Militant, the Ancient 
Doctrine, the Divine Growth, the Critical Essence — all were represented 
by distinguished names : Politics, Antiquities, Evolution, Criticism ; Action 
History, Dialectic, Science. How many synonyms might we not find 
for those aspects of the Great Movement ? Do we quite believe that all 
these will be one in the end ? Will the great conflicts these men symbolise 
be one day composed in a synthesis greater than the world has yet known ? 
I put the question to Dr. Subtilis ; but his eyes twinkled as in the old 

" Gin ye were my age, ye wad tak a lot o' thae things for granted. 
I jist baud them as read. Fa's that in the yellow goon ? " 

It was a gorgeous French Professor. The beautiful colour of his 
robe remains with me still. Even here France touches the artistic fancy. 

Then Professor Kennedy came with his army of LL.D.'s. Both 
Kennedy and Gilroy struck one note that was made a matter of criticism 
afterwards: they both seemed to say — I emphasise seemed — that the 


Degree was more honoured by the receivers of it than an honour to them 
— as if we were humble hosts apologising for our poor gifts. But surely 
it was simply that the Promoters were both Celts and this was their 
delicate way of saying : " Here is the greatest honour in the world ; you 
are now of the Brotherhood and we are also Brothers ". Which is 
Democracy — of a kind, " that spirit of wisdom which the gold of Africa 
cannot buy nor all the force of bayonet command, but which comes as 
gently as the dew from heaven to the patient and strenuous seekers after 
truth ". Indeed, Professor Kennedy was even more explicit ; he uttered 
the three great words : " Of all social institutions none so perfectly as 
universities and academies have realised the ideal expressed in these three 
words, which touch the deepest cords of human nature — Liberty, Equality, 
Fraternity, and of these not the least is Fraternity ". 

Curiously, when, afterwards in private talk, I enforced this phase of 
Aberdeen University in particular, a Cambridge friend was somewhat 
surprised. I assured her that with us nothing counted but capacity — not 
birth, wealth, rank, origin, or creed ; but what can he do ? what has he 
done? what will he do? With Donald Smith as Chancellor, the point 
should not have needed elucidation ; but it did take my friend by surprise, 
if, indeed, the shock were not better named horror. So, I fear, even 
Universities are not all the kind of democracy that counts by essential 
personality; some of them give degrees by Birth, it seems, as who should 
say Liberty, Equality, Natality. But Aberdeen always kept Fraternity 
as the third member of its Trinity. 

Then the march of the Leaders of Men began. One by one they 
stepped forwards, the honoured of many lands — men of science, poets, 
musicians, explorers, inventors, discoverers, doctors, administrators, states- 
men, judges, philosophers. It was like the roll-call of the world's great 
thinkers, the men of one creed, whose formula is — " I believe the truth ". 
How shall we choose out names where so many were distinguished ? 
Yet we cannot refrain from looking at this one and that with a stronger 
preference. Towards them all our Alma Mater has a feeling of equal 


tenderness and welcome ; but we, even to-day, must speak most of those 
that we have known in our own smaller world, and we look more eagerly 
for their faces. Old Dr. Subtilis, in spite of his eighty years, had all the 
keenness of a boy to see the great men of his own and other sciences. It 
was a great awakening, a true revival, a service in the Cathedral of 

But again, who shall we choose ? The accident of the alphabet is the 
only ground of unity here and the resulting incongruities are innumerable. 
Yet is it not fitting that the Lord Chief Justice of England should come 
first, since justice is at once the basis and the crown of the Republic ? 
The Belgian Professor of the Principles of the Evolution of Religions 
comes next, a symbol that in the world of intelligence all dogmas are 
fluid. Then follow two professors of English Literature, one from Cali- 
fornia in the United States, the other from Lille in France — the new life 
and the ancient criticism. There is a Professor of Chemistry from Bonn. 
There is an Educator from Cairo. There is Lord Balfour of Burleigh, 
statesman and expander of Church formulas, from Scotland. Then the 
eyes of Dr. Subtilis light up when the name of Dr. Becquerel, Professor 
of Physics, is pronounced. The new University of Leeds is followed by 
the ancient University of Geneva. Then we have Emile Boutroux, from 
the Sorbonne, Paris, Gifford Lecturer of Glasgow, stepping just in front 
of Crichton Browne, expert in lunacy and orator ; Mr. Bryce, Chief 
Secretary of Ireland, American Ambassador-Elect — 'itself a wonderful 
transit of offices — precedes our old and honoured Member of Parliament, 
Dr. Campbell of Stracathro. Then comes Mr. Wilfred Campbell, poet of 
Canada, and, as if the old,world must always respond to the new, here is 
Casimir de Candolle, from Geneva. 

Then a curious incident occurred. Genius always makes its own 
rules. The alphabet compelled Mr. Andrew Carnegie to succeed M. 
de Candolle, but it could not compel him to do precisely as the other 
men did. And how should it have been otherwise? Mr. Carnegie, 
answering to his name, rose promptly and mounted the platform. But 


the emotion of the moment was for once his master. He looked up at 
the face of old Strathcona ; their eyes met, and we knew that, for the 
instant, the whole world was lost to them. Mr. Carnegie instantly held 
out his hand and the Chancellor took it ; but in doing so, he laid down 
the Mystic Cap and thus it happened that Mr. Carnegie was never created 
a Doctor! So easily may genius supersede the lesser ceremony by a 
greater ! Mr. Carnegie must take the consequences of his action ; for the 
initiative rested with him, and as a faithful impressionist, I recall only 
what I saw. Over the long succession of heads, the cap failed to fall but 
the once. We accepted the omen. Mr. Carnegie is a maker of Uni- 
versities ; he cannot be made by them. 

Then, had he come, we should have seen M. Delcasse, who ar- 
ranged the Entente Cordiale by a meeting of fleets and lost his portfolio 
in Morocco. We saw Professor Campbell Eraser, not far from his 
ninetieth year, but still unwearied in the service of philosophy. And 
we saw Professor Harald Hoffding, of Copenhagen, who, perhaps, will 
be the great remembered philosopher of Europe in this generation — a 
man to rank with Spinoza, or Locke, or Kant. To me he was — I confess 
it frankly — the greatest and most interesting of them all ; for philosophy 
is the only study worth a serious man's attention. Yet I admit that the 
name of Hugo Kronecker, one of the founders of physiological method, 
did not find me cold ; for after all does not science presuppose philosophy ? 
Oscar Liebreich, too, is an honoured name in Medicine. No less is 
Friedrich Loffler, who revealed the germ of diphtheria. I have stood 
by scores of death-beds where the Loeffler bacillus had done its deadly 
work ; but I have stood by hundreds of sick children of whom Loeffler 
was the saviour. Then we saw Sir Oliver Lodge, physicist, psychist, and 
constructor of popular catechisms. The first time I saw Oliver Lodge 
was in 1886, when the British Association visited Aberdeen; the next 
time was when the British Association visited Edinburgh, and there I 
saw him in the company of Helmholtz, Kelvin, George Gabriel Stokes 
and Lord Rayleigh. If, at the same time, we could have had Newton and 


Archimedes, what a meeting of great wits it would have been ! Nearly 
twenty years ago, A. Y. Eraser — when he died, Scotland lost a great 
teacher — once said to me concerning a book of Lodge's on Electricity : 
" Jhere you will find what is growing in all our minds, but Lodge alone 
expresses ". I wonder if his new catechism answers to the same formula. 
Which will longest stand scrutiny — his doctrine of Electrons or his 
doctrine of Election ? 

But I must hasten to name Professor Donald Macalister, holder of 
the record in LL.D.'s. He did, I believe, receive at least four in two 
months. This was due partly to the invention of the steam-engine ; for 
one or two of the Degrees were received in the States or in Canada. No 
doubt there was a fitness on his part to receive them ; steam alone would 
not have done the work. When a Senior Wrangler takes to Medicine, he 
becomes positively dangerous with knowledge. It is told of him that, as 
Professor of Medicine at Cambridge, he was describing a case of abdominal 
dropsy. He explained that the patient's girth had been reduced by 
eighteen inches. He requested the students to estimate from this how 
much liquid had been drawn off — a problem in Physics and Physic. He 
could have solved it, they believed ; they could not. This is where the 
danger comes in. If Professor Macalister had remained Professor of 
Physic, Medicine might have become scientific. In that case, the pro- 
fession would have had to protest ; for how could they live without their 
mistakes ? Doubtless, that is why they first made Professor Macalister 
President of the Medical Council and then Principal of Glasgow Uni- 
versity. But Five-times-doctor-Macalister carries his vast learning more 
lightly than any man I know. I once met another man on the same 
plane of acquisition ; his name was Robertson Smith, Encyclopaedist. 
With P^obertson Smith there was a suggestion of restless energy, almost 
morbid in its intensity. But from Principal Macalister knowledge flows 
in a great quiet river. Possibly there are some things he does not know ; 
for my part I don't believe it. There is some advantage in a brain like 
his ; it saves the expense of encyclopaedias. . , . . , 


Perhaps the warmest cheer was reserved for Alexander Marshall 
Mackenzie, A.R.S,A., Architect of the new Marischal College. The 
architect can build his own monument. This is his advantage over a 
common man. And in the next four hundred years, when any one looks 
on Marischal College, the first thing he will ask is, " Who was the architect ? " 
And the answer will be, " Marshall Mackenzie ". As long as the Temple 
remains stone upon stone, the architect's name will be on men's lips, and 
it was in this Chapel of his own building that he was initiated into the 

There were two of the keenest minds in the Law and Politics of 
Scotland, — Lord Advocates both : Mr. Charles Scott Dickson, K.C., and 
Mr. Thomas Shaw, K.C. I have heard them both in the House and at 
the Bar. Scotland is safe while men of this breed come forward. Give 
us brains and we shall go on governing the world. 

There are other names that we should wish to linger over, for 
instance, J. J. Thomson, High Priest of Physics ; Trendelenburg, inventor 
among surgeons ; Sir William Turner, K.C.B., the venerable Principal of 
the youngest Scottish University, and many others. But there is one 
near the end that the world may yet reckon among its greatest names — 
Hugo de Vries. He is at present a Professor of Physiological Botany in 
Amsterdam ; but Darwin was once a squire in Kent and had been a 
naturalist on the Beagle. It never occurs to us now to ask where Darwin 
lived or what he lived on. It is unnecessary ; because he lives everywhere. 
If — it is a large "if," but — if the work of De Vries comes out true, the 
world has already found its new Darwin ; he is a Doctor of^ Laws of 
Aberdeen University. 

When the capping was over Lord Strathcona delivered an address. 
He struck the modern note. " Scotland is no longer the only country in 
the world that can justly boast that its main industry is education. And 
our Universities have still perhaps something to learn in the way of relating 
the greater proportion of their work to the practical activities of life." 


Then the Chancellor and his Court, the Senatus and the new Doctors, 
passed from before our eyes and were swept into the stream of memories. 
For a moment we turned to where, beyond a vacant stage, the sacred 
history of the University is woven in the form and colour of the Great 
Window. Then, older and sadder, we filed out into the garish world, 

W. Leslie Mackenzie. 

The confemng of Honorary Degrees took place in the Mitchell Hall, 
Marischal College, at ii A.M.: ticket holders being admitted to the 
Hall after lo A.M. The persons to be laureated assembled at lo A.M. in 
the New Museum, Marischal College, where they were marshalled. At 
II o'clock the procession of the University authorities entered the Hall 
from the Natural History Museum, and proceeded to the platform. The 
order of the procession was as follows : — 

Town Sergeants. 


University Sacrists, with Maces, 

Extra-mural Lecturers. 

University Assistants. 

University Examiners. 

University Lecturers, 

Convener, Business Committee of General Council. 

Secretaries of the Court and the Senatus, and Librarian. 


University Court. 

Parliamentary Representative. 


Rector. _ 

After these had taken their seats, the procession of the Graduands entered 
in the following order : — 

Professor Kennedy, the Promotor in Law, followed by the Gradu- 
ands for the Degree of Doctor of Laws. 

The Rev. Professor Gilroy, the Promotor in Divinity, followed 

by the Graduands for the Degree of Doctor of Divinity. 


The Chancellor, who was in the Chair, with the Rector on the right 
and the Principal on the left, called on the Rev. Professor Nicol, D.D., to 
open the proceedings with prayer. 

The Principal then said it might be interesting to repeat the words of 
the formula which it was assumed were pronounced over each of the 
graduands. Time would not allow of that to-day, and if the words were 
repeated it would be supposed that every graduand was capped with these 
words. The Principal then repeated the words of the formula. 

Ego te . . . Sacrosanctae Theologiae Doctorem ,et Magistrum 
constituo, creo, proclamo, renuntio, et, in signum, caput 
tuum hoc pileo orno, quod ut felix faustumque sit, Deum 
Optimum Maximum precor. 
The Chancellor then called on the Promotor in Divinity, Professor 
Gilroy, to introduce the eminent theologians, on whom was to be conferred 
the Degree of Doctor of Divinity. 
Professor Gilroy said : — , 

Yesterday morning we fitly began our celebrations by remembering the 
services of those who laid the foundations of our University, and through 
four centuries sought to guide its affairs and deepen its influence, in the 
grey chapel that was the expression of their piety, and the scene of their 
worship. To-day in the heart of the city, amid the hum of life, and 
within the halls that our own hands have fashioned, we are met to do 
honour to those academic teachers and leaders of modern thought who 
have quickened and enriched the life of our age and have come here to 
share our joys, to add dignity to our gatherings, and to impart to us an 
inspiration in our work — (cheers). We offer them the highest, the only 
honour we can — to be partakers with us in the heritage of our own past 
and to be members of our academic brotherhood. It may be a small 
affair to some who are laden with the honours of many places and many 
lands, but to us it will be an abiding pledge of their interest and their 
friendship — (applause). It is my special privilege to-day, Mr. Chancellor, 
to introduce to you those whose services in the theological and ecclesiasti- 
cal world have brought to us a fuller light, and who have striven to bring 
us to a sweeter life, if they have not always succeeded — (laughter). Their 
services belong to different spheres of life. Some have shunned the haunts 
of men with the din of strife and the clamour of passion, and spent their 
days in the quiet and protection of college cloisters, striving by strenuous 


thought to illumine the page of history and revelation, and to make man 
and his mission known to himself. Others have rejoiced to mix in the 
fray of life and to meet men in the market place, the workshop, and the 
Senate House, and have bent their thoughts not to the unfolding of the 
difficulties of the written page but to the shaping of policies and the 
framing of plans for the wise guidance of men. 

I have to introduce to you men like the Archbishop of Canterbury 
and the Bishop of Ripon — (applause) — and our own Professor Charteris 
— (applause) — whose care has been not the finical division and the fanciful 
harmonising of the unresisting elements of a book but the directing and 
the combining of the wayward tides of human thought and effort. Almost 
all those whom I have the honour to present to you this morning are or 
have been University teachers and have mainly exercised their influence 
on national life indirectly through the inspiration and influence of students. 
That influence it is impossible often to gauge, but in the aggregate it must 
be great. It is impossible, from the variety of interests that are filling 
the hours of these few days, to speak in detail of their work or to narrow 
their activities to any particular class, but I may be pardoned if in the 
stress of circumstances I range them roughly in groups. Scotland used 
to be an unkindly place for bishops, and we did not rear many of them, 
but lawn sleeves no longer rouse our religious passions and sleeping 
memories. We have passed beyond the stage of neutrality and toleration, 
and can now admire the religious liberality, the strong and sober states- 
manship of such men as the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of 
Ripon. To Professor Charteris, the Church of Scotland is permanently 
indebted, not merely for long years of academic teaching, but for a 
widened, quickened and more effective organisation to meet the more 
complex needs of our modern life. These we may regard as pre-eminently, 
though not exclusively, ecclesiastical statesmen — (applause). Among 
teachers of theology and apologetics, we have the honoured names of 
Dean Bernard, a man of deep philosophic insight and wide scholarship ; 
Professor Bois, who has been instrumental in guiding a stream of promising 
French students to our Scottish Universities ; Professor Denney — (ap- 
plause) — who combines a subtle criticism with a rich constructive power ; 
Principal Stewart — (applause) — a master of balanced thought and terse 
phrases, who nearly twenty years ago on his coming to this University 
gave theological teaching here a new impulse. Amongst writers and 
teachers of ecclesiastical history, we meet in Professor Bonet-Maury a man 
of wide learning and trained judgment, who deftly threads his way 
through the intricacies of Church movements and unfolds the skein of 
tangled beliefs ; in Professor Dennis — (applause) — a man of comprehen- 
sive vision and dispassionate temper, who, in writing a history of the influ- 
ence of missions on the social life of the nations, has supplied an invaluable 
apology for Christian missions; in Professor Smend one who has shed 


light upon the development of the forms of Christian worship, and in Dr. 
Gee and Dr. Hamilton, scholars who have helped us better to appreciate 
the religious spirit and life of our own people. Amongst teachers of 
Biblical Exegesis and Criticism we may mention Professor von Bulmerincq, 
who has opened up the springs of prophetic thought : Professor Deiss- 
mann, who has with singular acuteness and success applied the buried 
light of the Greek papyri to the interpretation of the New Testament ; 
Professor Driver, who with ample learning and thought has lit up many a 
page of the Old Testament with a new and richer light, and who, moreover, 
has handled the delicate and perplexing problems of criticism with such 
delicacy and discretion as to reduce, if not remove, the misgivings raised 
by the shock of necessary change ; Dr. Headlam, who gained an early 
name as an exegete and a critic by his acute and lucid exposition of 
Pauline thought and history ; and Professor Sayce, who has long been in 
the van of Semitic scholars, and has helped to elicit from Assyrian tablet, 
Eg3^ptian inscription and Hittite fragment, the story of a forgotten age, 
and who as an archaeologist has pitted the results of Semitic archaeology 
against the analysis of an overdrawn literary criticism, and served as a 
critic of the higher critics — (applause). On behalf of the Senatus I have 
to request that you will confer the honorary Degree of Doctor of Divinity 
on these scholars and teachers — (applause). 

The Degree of D.D. was then conferred on : — 

Bernard, Very Rev. John H., Dean of St. Patrick's, Dublin. 
Bois, Rev. Henri, Professor of Systematic Theology, Montauban. 
Bonet-Maury, Rev. Amy G. C. A., Professor of Theology, Paris. 
Bulmerincq, Rev. Alexander von, Professor of Old Testament Exegesis and 
Semitic Languages, Juriev (Dorpat). 

Canterbury, His Grace the Lord Archbishop of, G.C.V.Q. 

Charteris, Very Rev. Archibald H., Professor Emeritus of Biblical Criticism, 

Deissmann, Rev. Gustav Adolf, Professor of New Testament Literature, Heidel- 

Denney, Rev. James, Professor of New Testament Language, Literature and 
Theology, United Free Church College, Glasgow. 

Dennis, Rev. James Shepard, New York, late Principal of the Theological Semin- 
ary, Beirut, Syria. 

Driver, Rev. Samuel R., Regius Professor of Hebrew and Canon of Christ 
Church, Oxford. 

1 [Flint, Rev. Robert, Professor Emeritus of Divinity, Edinburgh.] 

^ The names within square brackets are those of graduands who were unable to be 
present, and who had the degrees conferred in absentia on 30th October following. 



Gee, Rev. Henry, Master of University College, Durham. 

Hamilton, Rev. Thomas, President of Queen's College, Belfast. 
Headlam, Rev. Arthur Cayley, Principal of King's College, London, 

Ripon, Right Rev. The Lord Bishop of. 

Sayce, Rev. Archibald H., Professor of Assyriology, Oxford. 
Smend, Rev. Julius, Professor of Practical Theology, Strassburg. 
Stewart, Very Rev. Alexander, Principal and Primarius Professor of Divinity, St. 
Mary's College, St. Andrews. 

The Chancellor then called on the Dean of the Faculty of Law to 
introduce the eminent persons who had attained distinction in their 
different spheres, on whom was to be conferred the Degree of Doctor of 

Before the honorary graduands in Law were called, the Principal re- 
peated the formula : — 

Ego te . . . utriusque juris tarn Canonici quam Civilis Doc- 
torem et Magistrum constituo, creo, proclamo, renuntio, 
et, in signum, caput tuum hoc pileo orno : quod ut felix 
faustumque sit Deum Optimum Maximum precor. 
Professor Kennedy said : — 

My Lord Strathcona, Mr. Principal, my lords, ladies, and gentlemen, 
and members of the University — it is now my duty to present to you for 
the Degree of Doctor of Laws a brilliant array of illustrious men, our 
guests. Jurisprudence has been defined as the knowledge of all things 
human and divine — (laughter). For to-day's function we extend even 
that ample definition. Among those who have honoured us by accepting 
our degree are explorers, discoverers, inventors, some who have all but 
solved the mysteries of the natural universe or of the animal frame, 
others who have illuminated the even greater depths of mind, others who 
have successfully grappled with controversies of history or the not less 
complex problems of national institutions and international relations ; men 
of thought and men of action, poets, musicians and philosophers, great ad- 
ministrators, successful rulers, and renowned judges — (applause). 

Now, in the six or eight minutes at my disposal I could not, like my 
colleague, possibly attempt to describe them, or any one of them, in their 
own dimensions like themselves — (laughter and applause). Therefore I 
do them less wrong by silence on their individual merits and eminence — 
(hear, hear) — than by hasty and imperfect appreciation — (laughter). But 


to each and all of them we offer our degree, as cities, even small cities, 
offer their honorary citizenship to princes and nobles. Well, it is our 
dearest sign and token of welcome and amity. If in its own intrinsic 
quality our degree shows slight beside the titles, degrees and distinctions 
which our eminent guests already possess, we pray them to enrich its 
quality with their goodwill — (applause). After all if I may quote a Celtic 
proverb, " There is no mirror so grateful " — I don't say so faithful — " as 
the eye of a friend " — (applause). Another consideration emboldens us to 
offer our degree. Of all social institutions none have so perfectly as 
universities and academies realised the ideal expressed in the three words 
which touch the deepest chords of human nature — " Liberty, equality, 
fraternity " — (applause) — and of these not the least is fraternity. There- 
fore, to end this brief introduction, let me, in view of our common purpose 
and our natural aspirations, paraphrase the familiar lines in which at the 
secular festival of the Augustan age the Roman poet summed up his 
prayers for his countrymen. " Date," he said, 

" date remque prolemque 
Et decus omne." ^ 

May we say to you, the patricians of the empire of mind, that with 
all our heart and soul we desire for you what we wish for ourselves, a 
long series of munificent benefactors — (laughter) — a perpetual succession 
of teachers and representatives as illustrious as yourselves — (applause) — an 
ever-increasing progeny of studious youth, and the abiding presence of that 
spirit of wisdom, which the gold of Africa cannot buy nor all the force of 
bayonets command, but which comes, as gently as the dew from heaven, 
to the patient and strenuous seekers after truth — (loud applause). 

The Degree of LL.D. was then conferred on : — 

His Serene Highness Albert, Prince of Monaco. 

Alverstone, Rt. Hon. Lord, G.C.M.G., Lord Chief Justice of England. 

d'Alviella, Count Eugbne Goblet, Professor of the Principles of the Evolution of 
Religions, Brussels. 

Anderson, Melville Best, Professor of English Literature, Leland Stanford Uni- 
versity, California. 

Angellier, Auguste Jean, Professor of English Literature, Lille. 

Anschiitz, Richard, Professor of Chemistry, Bonn. 

Artin Pasha, Yacoub, Under-Secretary for Public Instruction and President of the 
Institute of Egypt, Cairo. 

Balfour of Burleigh, Rt. Hon. Lord, K.T. 

Becquerel, Henri, Professor of Physics, Paris. 

Bodington, Nathan, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Leeds. 

Borgeaud, Charles, Professor of Constitutional Law, Geneva. 

Boutroux, Emile, Professor of History and Philosophy, Paris. 

Browne, Sir James Crichton, Lord Chancellor's Visitor in Lunacy. 

Bryce, Rt. Hon. James, M.P., Chief Secretary for Ireland. 


Campbell, Rt. Hon. James A., of Stracathro, late M.P. for the Universities of 

Glasgow and Aberdeen. 
Campbell, W. Wilfred, Canada. 
CandoUe, Casimir de, Geneva. 
Carnegie, Andrew, of Skibo, Sutherlandshire. 
^ [Claretie, Jules, Member of the Academic fran9aise, Paris.] 
Clarke, Frank Wigglesworth, Chief Chemist, U.S. Geological Survey, Washington. 
Cumont, Franz, Professor of Ancient History, Ghent. 

Dale, Alfred William Winterslow, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Liverpool. 

Delage, Yves, Professor of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy, Paris. 

Deniker, J., Librarian of the Museum of Natural History, Paris. 

Deruginsky, Vladimir, Professor of Administrative Law, St. Petersburg. 

Dickson, Rt. Hon. C Scott, K.C, Edinburgh. 

Diels, Hermann, Professor of Classical Philology, Berlin. 

[Dunedin, Rt. Hon. Lord, Lord President of the Court of Session.] 

Einthoven, W., Professor of Physiology, Leyden. ' 

Elgar, Sir Edward, Mus. Doc, Plas Gwyn, Hereford. 

Elgin, Rt. Hon. the Earl of, K.G., G.C.S.L 

Ellis, Herbert Mackay, Director-General, Medical Department of the Royal Navy. 

Evans, Arthur J., Keeper of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. 

Fiore, Pasquale, Professor of Law, Naples. 

[Fliigge, Carl, Professor of Hygiene, Breslau.] 

Forsyth, Andrew Russell, Sadlerian Professor of Pure Mathematics, Cambridge. 

Fortescue, George Knottesford, Keeper of the Printed Books, British Museum. 

Eraser, Alexander Campbell, Professor Emeritus of Logic, Edinburgh. 

Eraser, Right Rev. Monsignor Robert, The Scots College, Rome. 

Fry, Rt. Hon. Sir Edward, late Lord Justice of Appeal. 

Geikie, Sir Archibald, Secretary to the Royal Society. 
Goldziher, Ignacz, Professor of Semitic Philology, Buda Pesth. 
Griffiths, Ernest Howard, Principal of the University College of South Wales 
and Monmouthshire. 

Hague, Arnold, U.S. Geological Survey, Washington. 
Hamburger, H. J., Professor of Physiology, Groningen. 
Hjelt, Edward, Professor of Chemistry, Helsingfors. 
Hoffding, Harald, Professor of Philosophy, Copenhagen. 

Hopkinson, Alfred, K.C, Vice-Chancellor of the Victoria University of Man- 
Hueppe, Ferdinand, Professor of Hygiene, Prague. 

Jardine, Sir John, K.C. I.E., M.P., late Judge of High Court, Bombay. 

^ The names within square brackets are those of graduands who were unable to be 
present, and who had the degrees conferred in absentia on 30th October following. 


Kelly, Howard A., Professor of Gynaecology, Johns Hopkins University, Balti- 
Keogh, Surg. -Gen, Sir Alfred, K.C.B., Director-General, Army Medical Service. 
Kielhorn, Franz, Professor of Indian Philology, Gottingen, 
Kobert, Rudolf E., Professor of Pharmacology, Rostock. 
Kostanecki, Casimir, Professor of Anatomy, Cracow. 
Kronecker, Hugo, Professor of Physiology, Bern. 

Laking, Sir Francis H., Bart., G.C.V.O., Physician in Ordinary to His Majesty 
the King and The Prince of Wales. 

Lanciani, Commendatore Rodolfo, Professor of Ancient Topography, Rome. 

Lanman, Charles Rockwell, Professor of Sanskrit, Harvard University. 

[Laurie, Simon S., Professor Emeritus of Education, Edinburgh.] 

Liebreich, Oscar, Professor of Pharmacology, Berlin. 

Lockyer, Sir Norman, K.C.B., Director of Solar Physics Laboratory, S. Kensing- 

Lodge, Sir Oliver, Principal of the University of Birmingham. 

Loffler, Friedrich, Professor of Hygiene, Greifswald. 

[Lombroso, Cesare, Professor of Psychiatry, Turin.] 

Lounsbury, Ihomas Raynesford, Professor of English, Yale University. 

Macalister, Donald, President, General Medical Council. 

Macallum, Archibald B., Professor of Physiology, Toronto. 

McFadyean, Sir John, Principal of the Royal Veterinary College, London. 

Mackenzie, Alexander Marshall, A.R.S.A,, Architect, Aberdeen. 

McLaren, Hon. Lord, Vice-President, Royal Society of Edinburgh. 

Madden, Hon. Sir John, G.C.M.G., Chief-Justice and Lieut. -Gov. of Victoria, 

Chancellor of the University of Melbourne. 
[Marconi, Guglielmo, London.] 

Matsuraura, Jinzo, Professor of Botany, University of Tokyo, Japan. 
Merry, Rev. William W., Rector of Lincoln's College and Vice-Chancellor of 

the University of Oxford. 
MoUoy, Right Rev. Monsignor Gerald, Vice-Chancellor of the Royal University 

of Ireland and Rector of the Catholic University, Dublin. 

[d'Oldenburg, Serge, Permanent Secretary of the Imperial Academy, St. Peters- 
Ostwald, VVilhelm, Professor of Chemistry, Leipzig. 
Owen, Edmund, Vice-President, Royal College of Surgeons of England. 

Pelham, Henry Francis, Camden Professor of Ancient History and President of 

Trinity College, Oxford. 
Peterson, William, C.M.G., Principal of MacGill University, Montreal. 
Petrie, W. M. Flinders, Professor of Egyptology, University College, London. 
Post, Rev. George E., Professor of Surgery in Johanite Hospital, Beirut. 
Powell, Sir Richard Douglas, Bart., K.C.V.O., President of the Royal College of 

Physicians of London. 


Ramsay, George G., Professor Emeritus of Humanity, Glasgow. 

Relnach, Salomon, Professor of Archaeology, Paris. 

Romiti, Guglielmo, Professor of Anatomy, Pisa. 

Roscoe, Sir Henry E., Professor Emeritus of Chemistry, Owens College, Victoria 

Ross, Major Ronald, C.B., Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine. 

Scheviakoff, Vladimir, Professor of Zoology, St. Petersburg. 

Schipper, Jakob, Professor of English Philology, Vienna. 

Schiick, Henrick, Kt. of the Royal Order of the Polar Star, Professor of History 

of Literature, Upsala. 
Scott, Dukinfield Henry, Hon. Keeper, Jodrell Laboratory, Kew Gardens. 
Shaw, Rt. Hon. Thomas, K.C., M.P., Lord Advocate. 
Shaw, William Napier, Director of the Meteorological Office, London. 
Sime, John, CLE., late Director of Public Instruction for the Panjab. 
[Sinclair, Rt. Hon. John, M.P., Secretary for Scotland.] 
Stewart, John Alexander, White's Professor of Moral Philosophy, Oxford. 
Swan, John Macallan, R.A., London. 

Taranger, Absalom, Professor of Law, Christiania. 

Thomson, Joseph J., Cavendish Professor of Experimental Physics, Cambridge. 

Traill, Anthony, Provost of Trinity College, Dublin. 

Trendelenburg, Frederick, Professor of Surgery, Leipzig. 

Turner, Sir William, K.C.B., Principal of the University of Edinburgh. 

Veronese, Giuseppe, Professor of Analytical Geometry, Padua. 
Vries, Hugo de, Professor of Physiological Botany, Amsterdam. 

Walton, Frederick P., Professor of Roman Law, MacGill University, Montreal. 
White, J. William, Professor of Surgery, Pennsylvania University. 
Wijhe, J. W. van, Professor of Anatomy, Groningen. 

Williams, Sir John, Bart., K.C.V.O., Professor Emeritus of Midwifery, University 
College, London. 

Professor Kennedy then said : " That, my lord, closes our roll of 
honour for this great occasion. I just ask leave to mention in a w^ord that 
some of our distinguished graduands who were expected to be present have 
been, by serious and unavoidable causes, prevented from being with us, 
notably Signor Marconi, the annihilator of time " — (loud cheers). 

Lord Strathcona, addressing the gathering at the close of the cere- 
mony, said : — 

The interesting ceremony which has now been closed possesses one 
feature that is in marked contrast with most gatherings at which degrees 
are conferred. Like all universities, Aberdeen is quite accustomed to the 
form by which she sets her seal as a university on the scholarly attain- 


ments of that not inconsiderable body of young men which year by year 
goes forth from her academic halls. For these young men graduation is 
the method by which they are admitted as novices to the fellowship of 
learned men all the world over. But to-day we meet for another and 
different purpose. We are seeking to mark our appreciation of their 
kindness in coming here by conferring the highest honours which it is in 
our power as a university to bestow on men who have already won 
distinction in the fields of scholarship, science and literature, and in the 
public service. The list is, as no doubt some of you may have noticed, a 
somewhat long one, and it might have been longer still were it not for the 
fact that many of our friends and well-wishers whom we are delighted to 
see with us have already on some previous occasion received one or other 
of our honorary degrees. The presence of so many distinguished men, 
representing universities and learned societies from all parts of the world, 
might suggest — if this were the occasion to deal with it at length — a 
comparison of the aims and objects which we cherish here, and the methods 
by which we seek their accomplishment, with those of similar institutions 
in other countries. 

Let me say, to begin with, that Scotland is proud of her universities — 
(cheers) — their close connection with the national life, their free and open 
constitution, their services to science and letters, their stimulating in- 
fluence — especially of late years — on the schools of the country, and the 
manner in which, m spite of great difficulties, they have kept before them 
lotty aims and high standards — (continued cheers). All this makes it 
possible to speak with pride and satisfaction, even before so distinguished 
and so representative an audience as this of the record of their past 
achievement. All the countries of the world have each their own type 
of national university — there is among many others the English type, the 
German type, and the American type ; we have no reason to be ashamed 
of the Scottish type — (cheers). But while it is legitimate for us, especially 
at the celebration of our four-hundredth birthday, to plume ourselves 
on work done and service rendered, we must not forget that others also 
have been making progress, and are even passing us in the race ot 
efficiency. Scotland is no longer the only country in the world that 
can justly boast that its main industry is education. And our univer- 
sities have still perhaps something to learn in the way of relating a 
greater proportion of their work to the practical activities of life. I do 
not speak Irom a merely utilitarian point of view, and I know that it is 
the proper function of a University to foster even those studies which 
may be described as ends in themselves. If it were not for what Uni- 
versities do in cherishing abstract and theoretical learning some of the 
practical applications of that learning resulting in the great triumphs of 
modern scientific activity would never have been made — (hear, hear). I 
know also that the Universities, for example, of the New World have 


something to learn from those of Europe in the direction of more solid 
attainment and higher standards, at least in certain departments of study. 

Speaking for the moment as one who has lived for many years on 
the American Continent, and who has watched with close attention the 
growth of one of our greatest Universities in Canada, I may be allowed to 
record my conviction that Universities of the other side of the Atlantic 
enjoy a considerable advantage in the ease and readiness with which, 
unhampered as they are by any venerable traditions, they can adapt 
themselves to the practical needs of the various constituencies which they 
seek to serve — (cheers). They found out long ago that law, and medicine, 
and theology, are not the only legitimate fruits of academic study, and in 
their faculties of applied science they are training their young men to do 
work that is most loudly called for. They have never accepted the view 
that Universities must necessarily be institutions cloistered and apart from 
the main current of public life and service. On the contrary, they make 
a training for citizenship, and for public usefulness the basis and founda- 
tion of much of their educational activity. The reward they have is 
that (fully as much as we do here) they find their alumni in every walk 
of life — not in the "learned professions" only, and some of the most 
notable benefactions which the American Universities have lately received 
come from men whose desire it is to connect them still more closely 
with practical work. As a recent illustration of this spirit let me refer to 
the great gift that was made the other day by my friend Sir William 
Macdonald to MacGill University, Montreal — (cheers). It consists of a 
College of Agriculture, situated about ten miles outside the city, and 
comprising, besides all the necessary buildings erected in palatial style, 
some six hundred acres of ground. The whole benefaction amounts to 
some ^600,000, and secures to the agricultural interests of the country 
that they shall be developed hand in hand with those of a University 
which has already done so much for engineering and other practical sciences. 

Those who are familiar with the present administration of our Scot- 
tish Universities are in the best position to appreciate the extent of pro- 
gress made under the Act of 1889. Not only in respect of necessary 
changes such as the remodelling of the curriculum, but also in enlisting 
public sympathy and support, the leading provisions of that Act have been 
of great advantage to Scotland. One way of making progress with the 
subject — as the country has recently found in regard, for example, to army 
administration — is to make it interesting to others. The Scottish people 
are more interested now than ever before in all the problems that are 
connected with the management of their national Universities. They 
recognise that each of these Universities has its own mission to fulfil, a 
mission which takes on a more or less distinctive character according to 
the different circumstances of the localities which each is seeking to serve. 
Anything that tends to hamper them in the fulfilment of this mission, 


anything that clogs and retards their individual development, should be 
resolutely swept away. For example, the Ordinance which practically 
prohibits one University from moving in certain matters unless it can get 
the other three to move with it (a provision which has lately excited a 
considerable amount of public discussion) might perhaps be now recon- 
sidered and revised — (cheers) — ^and it seems to belong to the numerous cate- 
gory of things that were beneficial in their origin and at the time of their 
institution, but the necessity for which, after a time, passes away. But 
while further legislation may be necessary in regard to this and other 
such matters, we must see to it that the unity of the whole University 
system shall continue to be secured to us. It would hardly do to allow 
each of the four Scottish Universities to become practically a law unto 
itself. Those who have no undue fear of extending the limits of State 
control might not object to seeing some central body instituted in the 
course of time whose main function it would be to keep the various 
University Courts in amicable touch with each other — (cheers). Round 
such an Advisory body — small it might be in number, but distinguished as 
well as practical in its composition — would rally all that wealth of public 
interest and sympathy which is the expression of the attitude of the 
Scottish people to their national Universities, But these are local prob- 
lems to so cosmopolitan an audience as this. 

Let me again express the great gratification with which Aberdeen 
University enrolls on the list all those graduands — the distinguished gentle- 
men — who are now before us ; and while the University gives to each of 
these the highest honour and distinction it can bestow, they trust, and they 
feel assured that each of those gentlemen here present, who have become 
graduates of the University to-day, will appreciate the spirit and the 
feeling in which the honour has been given — (cheers). I hope they will feel 
it in some sense an honour, even looking to the high distinctions which 
have already been conferred on them. Many of those gentlemen come 
from far-off countries ; and we wish for them and for all, that a kind 
Providence will bring them back to their homes, and that throughout the 
rest of their lives they may be in a position unhampered to continue the 
great and good work which they have been engaged in heretofore, and to 
rest assured of the affectionate regard of the University of Aberdeen — 
(loud cheers). 

The Principal, thereafter, pronounced the benediction, and the Uni- 
versity authorities, followed by the honorary graduates, filed out of the 
Graduation Hall. 


y. The Reception in the Library, 
King's College. 

Non procul hinc Phoebi surgunt et Palladis arces, 
Aurea crux illas et diadema tegit. 

Arthur Johnston (Abredonia Vetus). 

Nescio qua natale solum dulcedine Musas 
Ducit, et immemores non sinit esse sui, 

Ovid: i Ep. ex Pont., 3, 35. 

T N the course of a long and not unobservant study of graduates of the 
-*- four Scottish Universities, I have come to the conclusion that the 

surroundings of one half of them have had but little influence on the students 
there. I have never heard a graduate of Glasgow express any attachment 
to the old buildings or the present pile. There is something repellent in 
the coldly regular and featureless mass of architecture that seems to stir 
as little regard as do the mathematically symmetrical streets of Blackpool 
and Stockport and other modern watering-places which one sees displayed 
in railway boards during the summer months. In Edinburgh the super- 
abundant charms of the town, the spell of the Castle Rock, have com- 
pletely overshadowed the University buildings, so that Stevenson, while 
he has much to say of the city, has nothing to add on the college. As a 
general rule the Edinburgh man resents any outside praises in the same 
grave way as the Scot receives a deferential allusion to Burns from the 
Southron. He looks for nothing else and accepts it only as payment of a 
due. To ingratiate myself once with an Edinburgh barber I ventured on 
the remark, one fine day in July, that the city was looking its best. 



Never shall I forget that man's rebuke. For some time he could not find 
words, then, " Aye," said he, " I see you are frae Aberdeen, for when does 
Edinburgh no' look her best ? " Still I only chronicle the fact that I have 
never heard an Edinburgh graduate say as much for his buildings. Look 
at what is far and away the finest biography they have for fifty years, 
that of Thomas Davidson, "the Scottish Probationer," and see how little 
the writer has to say of their life. 

St. Andrews has much more charm for her sons. To Mr. Lang and 
to another of her laureates, Mr. R. F. Murray, the place is one full of 
tender memories and associations, and for them it is the City of the 
Scarlet Gown. Edinburgh has never had a gown. I have known St. 
Andrews graduates sing in later life the songs of their youth rarely heard 
elsewhere, such as " The Gowden Vanitee," " Vive la Compagnie," " The 
Captain on the Quarterdeck," etc., and affectionately chronicle their merry- 
makings not in what they deprecated, in an awestruck way, as the palatial 
"Cross- Keys," but in a very diminutive and coffin-like howff known, if I 
recall it correctly, as the " Blue Boar," which they took great pains to 
impress upon me was most eminently respectable. I have certainly never 
known any alumnus or graduate of our oldest Scottish University turn on 
his Alma Mater, and indeed I have always found them reluctant to admit 
any failings that she may have had. And really a man must be dull at 
heart that could walk over her links by moonlight and be untouched by 
her great historical associations, or hear without delight the beat of the 
waves on the sea-tower of the castle. The last struck, as our late Principal, 
Sir William Geddes, aptly notes, the eye and ear of Arthur Johnston, 
when he describes how 

Mane novo juxta Musarum murmurat aedes 
Rauca Thetis. 

It is this presence of the sea that leads the Aberdonian to understand 
its influence on the St. Andrews men. It must have influenced the appeal 
in our 1883-4 Calendar for funds to preserve "what is in many respects, 
in regard to its natural surroundings, the finest University seat in Scot- 


land ". 1 take it at least as referring to those of King's College, for it seems 
incredible that the wildest flight of imagination could ever refer the words 
to Marischal College. They were for long the worst in all Scotland, so that 
no halo of association ever gathered round them. It was a feat beyond 
the boldest demands of local patriotism. 

It is, therefore, not unfitting that the poet of Marischal College, Dr. 
Walter Smith, should frankly retire from court and throw up his brief 
When he writes that — 

There's an old University town 

Between the Don and the Dee, 
Looking over the grey sand dunes, 

Looking out on the cold North Sea — 

he clearly abandons Broad Street for the older foundation. But though 
the lines have been worn threadbare by quotation, I can find only one 
graduate, myself, who has been born on these dunes, unless one medical 
graduate comes closer by a hundred yards to them. 

I remembered that Edinburgh barber on the afternoon of Wednesday, 
the 26th September, during the week of the Quatercentenary Celebrations. 
I cannot say that Old Aberdeen always looks her best : there are times 
when even filial affection must yield to facts and admit the soft impeach- 
ment that there are exceptions. When there is a wind raking the Spital 
fore and aft, and every close and opening has its own particular and in- 
dividual blast, it is not a place to attract the stranger. But that day it 
looked about its best, though one regretted the destruction of the amenities 
in what constituted of old the best approach — by the back of the Hermi- 
tage. Some days before I had come that way with an old friend who, 
after twenty years and more in Chicago, had looked forward to renew old 
memories. At the sight of the new streets and the railway this hardened 
denizen of the hog-pens almost wept. " I used to dream of it," he said, 
" when I would feel the breezes of Lake Michigan blow over the north of 
the city, where the millionaires live, and exclude poor men like me." 
We met Mr. Robert Walker, the University Registrar and custos rotu- 


lonim, some minutes later. " I am glad," he added, "to see in ^h'aX genius 
loci there has been and there is no change." 

Yes, I repeat, the place looked almost its best. There was the in- 
dispensable restful air, suggested but not unduly obtruded. Just the 
proper amount of glimmer or shimmer in the air. After all, it was 
September, "autumn in yellow and grey". In June or July finer effects 
might have been had, ere there steals on the faint premonition of winter 
and " nature's decay ". The proper tint, however, was there : — 

Humid the air I leafless, yet soft as spring, 

The tender purple spray on copse and briers ! 

And that sweet city with her dreaming spires, 
She needs not June for beauty's heightening. 

" You must have been away," writes one of the laureates of the place 
in prose and verse,^ " for years before you can appreciate the charm of the 
Aulton ; the one unchanging spot in a city which wealth is rapidly trans- 
forming into a great town, where the old landmarks are disappearing. 
The Aulton, in fact, has become a sort of sanctuary, proof against all 
change — for its municipal annexation by Aberdeen is happily a mere 
fiction. It stands serene, a peaceful oasis, surrounded by electric tram- 
ways which whizz restlessly towards the Bridge of Don on one side, and 
away towards Woodside on the other. King Street, which after seventy 
years of bleak aloofness is at last justifying its founders' expectations by 
enticing the ubiquitous villa-builder, has brought a modern touch very near 
the heart of the Old Town. . . . But the little strip of street which lies 
in front of King's College, leading to the fine old Town House, with its 
trim Dutchness, is absolutely unchanged ; and remains for some of us the 
most memorable Mecca in the North Countree." Were any change, 
indeed, to take place there, I feel sure that many would feel it as deeply 
in their hearts as did Sir Walter Scott, when he said to Jeffrey that bit 
by bit the Edinburgh of his youth was passing from before his eyes. For 
most graduates will readily admit that in the bank-books of their re- 
membrance they have transferred all their stock of filial affection into the 
'^ Arts Class Record, 1884-88, pp. lo-ii, 1902. By J. M. Bulloch. 


name of the older parent. I am aware that there are others who feel 
lightly such matters and rate them at a low figure ; but I cannot agree 
with them. It may be, as Charles Lamb said, that Fleet Street and the 
Strand are better places to live in for good and for all than Skiddaw ; but 
he, too, had satisfied himself that there is such a thing as the romantic — 
" and consider what I must have been doing all my life not to lend great 
portions of my heart with usury to such scenes ". 

Royalty knew it not that week. Yet, what matter ? James V. and 
Mary of Guise were there in 1540, Queen Mary in 1562, the year of 
Corrichie, and James VI. in 1589. Such a gathering the place had 
never known before in all its history, and it will take another quater- 
centenary to bring such crowds. And yet crowds seem altogether out of 
keeping. Gray thought Cambridge looked best when it is empty ; Oxford 
unquestionably does. But the presence of so many men of distinction 
there that afternoon gave one a fine feeling of the Republic of Letters. 
At times it was so oppressive that, as Alfieri says in Landor, one felt as if 
one would walk out of the press not to be jostled. 

And the sports ? I fear to the older generation on the ground they 
must have appeared strange, if indeed not almost revolutionary. Yet let 
me be not thought ungracious in the belief that the bare legs and " shorts " 
of the athletes afforded but another unwelcome proof of concessions to 
English life and ways. Froude indulges in quite a pathetic sigh when 
he saw in an Australian theatre the appearance of ballet-girls in short 
skirts in some pantomime ; it seemed the aggressive influence of London 
and the old world on the new. I know in our days we shockingly under- 
did that athletic element, for the storm and stress of the time left us but 
scanty leisure for such ideas. " Very few," writes a good observer,^ 
" indulged in sports of any kind. I never remember hearing of any one 
amongst my fellow-students who was distinguished as an athlete. I 
remember one famous student severely reprimanding me for having been 
seen in the newsroom." 

^ Dr. W. R. Nlcoll (M.A. 1870), Alma Matey, Centenary Number, p. 40. 


I know many who reproved me and others for hovering furtively 
about that shelf in the library, over the fire-place, where the few, the very 
few, standard novels were kept. How the old days came trooping back 
again at the same familiar spot! " Above all thy rarities," exclaims Elia, 
" Old Oxenford, what do most arride and solace me, are thy repositories 
of mouldering learning, thy shelves ! What a place to be in is an old 
library ! It seems as though all the souls of all the writers were reposing 
here, as in some dormitory, or middle state. I seem to inhale learning, 
walking amid their foliage, and the odour of their old moth-scented 
coverings is fragrant as the first bloom of those sciential apples which 
grew amid the happy orchard." 

Eloquar an sileam ? Shall I confess the truth ? To me, at least, of 
all the things provided that week the most refined and gracious was the 
playing there of Wurm's string band. In listening to it, in such fitting 
surroundings, one forgot the material cravings of the hour for Chairs of 
Engineering and the panic-stricken cry of pretentious reformers, about 
our falling behind unless we increase our strength in laboratories and 
science. I feel confident that many graduates carried away the conviction 
that a University, which enthrones Colensos and Barnard Smiths and 
dethrones Beethoven, does but stunt the mental and moral development 
of her children. 

I could wish we had their impressions of it all — -the most pleasant of 
all the functions of the week. The dinner was truly suggestive of Lucullus 
or Apicius, and I do profess myself to be but a poor trencher-man. I find 
no pleasure in facing a fusillade of obese people in edging my way up 
crowded stairs. A true Aberdonian, I cannot in Art Galleries profess the 
necessary belief or enthusiasm that I cannot feel. But at that reception 
one saw the friends of early days — faces long lost and never again to be 
seen — heard voices speaking 

of many a vanished scene 
Of what we once had thought and said, 
Of what had been, and might have been, 
And who was changed, and who was dead. 


Who was dead? The Bajan year revived, and only once in a lifetime 
can a man be a Bajan, Fain would I have lingered longer, a lonely man 
getting lonelier, but never all those years unmindful how 

The path by which we used to go, 

Which led by tracts that pleased us well, 

Thro' four sweet years arose and fell 
From flower to flower, from snow to snow. 

And many an old philosophy 

On Argive heights divinely sang, 

And round us all the thicket rang 
To many a flute of Arcady. 

For, as Johnson remarked to Reynolds, unless a man keeps his friendships 
constantly in repair, the world passes him. And there is a time for all 
things, and some of us say the old were better. 

I saw again that afternoon the great asset the Arts Faculty of the 
University has in the Crown of King's College. " You take it coldly," the 
late Principal once said to me. " I believe I have never at any time heard 
you refer to it." Perhaps, being born with it, I assumed it. It has seen 
Flodden, Pinkie, Dunbar and Darien. It has seen the Union and the 
Quatercentenary. Of the original Marischal College not one stone upon 
another remains in reruni naturd. It had no attractions. The present 
pile will for long attract the tourist, and he will retire in the serene con- 
viction that he knows his Aberdeen. But he has never been a Bajan or a 
Magistrand to know better. 

William Keith Leask. 


The Reception by the University at King's College took place in 
the Library, from 3 P.M. to 5 P.M. 

Guests entered the University Buildings by the main entrance in Col- 
lege Bounds and passed through the Quadrangle to the Library. At the 
inner door of the Library, they were received by the Chancellor, Rector, 
and Principal. The Librarian and his Assistants were present to 
furnish any desired information. The Papal Bull authorising the founda- 
tion of the University, and other objects of interest were on view. Visitors 
passed out of the Library through the Professors' Room, and thence 
either to the Refreshment Marquee, where tea and refreshments were to 
be had, or to the University Field, where the Sports were being held. 

The University Chapel, the Archaeological Museum, the Snow 
Kirkyard, the Cruickshank Botanical Garden in the Chanonry, and St. 
Machar's Cathedral were open to the inspection of the Guests of the 

The following selection of music was played in the Library from 
3 to 5 by Herr Stanislaus Wurm's White Viennese Band : — 

I. March 

"Salve" ... Rex Stanislaus Wurm. 

2. Valse 

"Autrefois " ... 

. Waldteufel. 

3. Overture 

... " Fra Diavolo " 


4. Largo 



5. Fantaisie 

... "Tannhauser" 


6. Intermezzo ... 

" Sizzillietta " 


7. Selection 

. " The Duchess of Danzig " 


8. Valse 

... " Jolly Fellows " 


9. Fantaisie 

"Carmen" ... 


10. Idyll 

"Eventide" ... 

. Myddleton. 

II. March 

"King Henry VIL" 

S. Wurm. 

There was also an Organ Recital in the University Chapel from 
3 to 4.30 by Mr. Arthur Collingwood, F.R.C.O. : — 

1 1 



1 . A Festival March ... 

2. {a) Scherzo from Fifth Sonata 
{b) Canzone in A Minor 

3. Sonata in A Major 

4. [a) Sons les Bois ... 
(<5) Trixumerei 

[c) The Answer 

5. {a) Marche Solennelle 
{b) Paques Fleiiries 

6. {a) Hungarian Melody '\ 
{b) Chanson d'Ete J 

7. Toccata con Fuga in D Minor 

8. {a) Spring Song ... 
{U) Capriccio in F 

9. Coronation Maixh 

} ■ 


Farley Roberts. 











At 4 P.M., Professor Lanciani delivered, in the Greek Class Room, a 
Lecture, illustrated by lantern slides, on " Some Remarkable Excavations 
recently made under the auspices of Her Majesty the Queen of Italy ". 

The arrangements connected with the King's College Reception 
were made under the general supervision of Professor Baillie. 

8. The Sports at King's College. 

THE Sports were held in King's College Recreation Ground, com- 
mencing at 2 P.M. and concluding about 4.30 P.M. 

The contest was between a team composed of students past and 
present of the Scottish Universities, selected by a committee of the four 
Universities on the one side ; and a team chosen by the Scottish Amateur 
Athletic Association from the rest of Scotland on the other side. 

The north-west corner of the Field was laid out and enclosed for the 
Guests of the University, the general public being admitted only to the 
remaining portion of the Field. 

The University Guests entered the Field by the Main Gate at 
King's College through the Quadrangle ; and the general public by the 
South-East Gate in University Road. 

Competitors and the Committee of the University Athletic Associa- 
tion, the latter wearing a badge, were admitted to the reserved En- 
closure, and University Guests could pass from the Enclosure into the 
area of the Ground assigned to the general public, through a gateway 
made for the purpose. 

The Pavilion at King's College was exclusively reserved for 
Members of the Athletic Association, Committee and Competitors. 

The following Musical Programme was performed by the Band 

of the Aberdeenshire Royal Garrison Artillery Volunteers. 


1 64 


1. March 

2. Waltz 

3. Selection 

4. Overture 

5. Solo 

6. Selection 

7. Waltz 

8. Fantasia 

9. Intermezzo 
10. Selection 

" King's Own " 

... " Casino Tanze " ... 

" Gems of Wagner " 


" Land of Hope and Glory " 

" The Yeoman of the Guard " 

" Am Schonen Rhein " 

" Gems of Sullivan " 

" Scotch Melodies " 
God Save The Kins'. 




Store h. 



Keler Beta. 

Ord Hume. 


... Wood. 

The competition was decided by points, two points being awarded 
for a first place in each event and one point for a second place. The 
following are the detailed results : — 

Throwing Hammer. — i T. R. Nicholson, Kyles of Bute (Rest of Scotland), 
155 feet 3 inches; 2 A. D. Fraser, Aberdeen University. 

100 Yards' Race. — i J. P. Stark, Glasgow University — time, 10 2-5 seconds ; 
2 G. Sandilands, Edinburgh Harriers ; 3 R. Kitson, Bellahouston Harriers ; 4 
H. G. M. Wilson, Aberdeen University. 

High Jump. — i G. H. Wilson, Glasgow University, 5 feet 6J inches; 2 A. 
Ritchie, Dundee A.C., 5 feet 5^ inches. 

220 Yards' Race. — i R. Kitson, 24 2-5 seconds; 2 J. P. Stark, Glasgow. 

One Mile Race. — i J. M'Gough, Bellahouston Harriers, 4 minutes 30 
4-5 seconds; 2 A. M. Matthews, Edinburgh. 

Putting Weight. — i T. Kirkwood, Liverpool Scottish, 45 feet 8| inches ; 
2 T. R. Nicholson, 40 feet 5 inches. 

120 Yards' Race. — i R. S. Stronach, Glasgow University, 60 2-5 seconds; 
2 T. A. Watson, Panmure F.C. 

Quarter-mile Race. — i J. Vallance, Bellahouston Harriers, 54 4-5 
seconds ; 2 G. Sandilands. 

Long Jump. — i G. H. Wilson, Glasgow University, 19 feet 8 inches ; 2 L. 
Reid, Irvine Royal Academy, 19 feet 6 inches. 

Three Mile Race. — i S. Stevenson, Clydesdale Harriers, 15 minutes 45 
4-5 seconds ; 2 T. Jack, Edinburgh University ; 3 T. Robertson, Edinburgh 


The Scottish Universities' team thus scored twelve points, while the 
S. A. A. A. team scored eighteen points. 

At the conclusion of the competitions the prizes were presented to 
the successful contestants by Lady Treves. 

In introducing Lady Treves, Principal Lang said a very pleasing 
duty had been committed to him — a duty that in one sense was a super- 
fluity and in another sense was a fit and becoming introduction to the 
giving of prizes. The value of a prize was determined chiefly by the 
fairness of the competition and the strenuousness of the effort neces-sary 
to the winning of it. But a charm was given to the reception of the prize 
when, on behalf of applauding spectators, it was bestowed by one whom 
all delighted to honour. Lady Treves was to give the prizes this after- 
noon, and when he mentioned her name he mentioned all that was neces- 
sary — (cheers). They knew Sir Frederick and all that he had been 
to the University — (cheers). He had been one of the best friends the 
University ever had, and his counsel and assistance in connection with 
their quatercentenary celebrations could never be forgotten — (cheers). 
But every one present knew that he was just what his wife would allow 
him to be — (laughter). She could make him or she could mar him — 
(laughter and cheers). She could cause him to expand or she could 
cause him to contract — (laughter) — and if Lady Treves had not been 
what she was Sir Frederick would not have been to them what he had 
been — (laughter and applause). Now Lady Treves had kindly consented 
to do that most graceful duty. He might say that, though the prizes 
represented strenuous athletic endeavour, that strenuous athletic en- 
deavour went along with strenuous study, so that no one should believe 
that their competitors were merely athletes in physical exercises, they 
were also athletes in mental exercises. They had a delightful park there, 
and they wished their students to take full advantage of it, fuller advan- 
tage than they had taken. He did not mean that they should study less, 
but that they should play their games and do their athletics more. They 
were greatly encouraged by the kindness of good friends outside, and he 
must specially mention Mr. Littlejohn of Invercharron. He had made it 
his endeavour to revive the interest in the old historical game of shinty. 
There were two games associated with Scotland — one was the Royal game 
of golf and the other was the ancient and Royal game of shinty. Mr. 
Littlejohn was an enthusiast over shinty. He thought of it by day and 


he dreamt of it by night — (laughter). He wanted the students of the 
four Universities to receive some part of his enthusiasm — (applause). 
Other names might be mentioned, but he would not stand between them 
and her whose graceful action they were to realise. He had therefore the 
great honour and great pleasure of asking Lady Treves to perform the 
ceremony she had kindly undertaken — (cheers). 

WEDNESDA V, 26TI/ SEPTEMBER {^Continuea). 

9. The Art Gallery Reception. 

T HAVE always felt that the term " Function," as applied to a ceremony, 
-*- is a particularly ugly word, but it appropriately describes the assembly 
in the Art Gallery on 26th September, 1906 ; for that was the most im- 
portant function played by the citizens personally in honour of their 
University. The municipality had entertained some of the more dis- 
tinguished visitors at a banquet, but very few of the citizens were present. 
The townsfolk had decorated their houses and had welcomed the delegates 
in procession through the streets, beautified by the municipality. That, 
however, was not the occasion in which to become more intimately 
acquainted with anything but fleeting glances. 

This reception, then, savoured of the citizens selected in large 
numbers. It was at one and the same time an expression of the formal 
municipal greeting to the guests of the University (as the Gallery is a 
municipal enterprise) ; of the hospitality of one great citizen, Mr. James 
Murray; and of the friendly greeting of many hundreds of townsfolk. 
Considered from another point of view it was the greeting of a tentative 
University of applied arts to a real University, which has so far been 
unable to make Art one of its faculties. It might also be described as 
the result of the progressive expansion of an originally Academic Com- 
memoration to the inclusion of a Bon-Accord Festival. His Majesty 
said in the course of his speech at the opening ceremony of the Univer- 
sity Extension on the following day he rejoiced " to know that the city 
amid its commercial development is proud to be the home of a venerable 



University and joins witli enthusiasm on this occasion in commemorating 
its long record of useful service ". Certainly the most attractive feature 
in connection with the social side of the Quater centenary Celebration 
was this reception in the Art Gallery, the outcome of the enthusiasm 
for Art of an enthusiast, Mr. James Murray, M.P., Chairman of the Art 
Gallery Committee, who, in his Deputy-Lieutenant's uniform, received 
the guests. 

The scene was brilliant. Famous men who had been "capped " 
in the morning and distinguished delegates appeared in their robes. 
Peers of the realm, Cabinet Ministers, the Archbishop of Canterbury, 
the Moderators of the Scots Churches, the Chancellor and the Principal 
of the University were present, while the bright dresses of the ladies 
added colour to the scene. Mr. Murray had made wonderful preparations 
for the comfort and enjoyment of his 4,000 guests, both as regards cloak- 
rooms and refreshments. It was said, and I believe truly, that this was 
the largest and most brilliantly successful gathering ever held in the 
Gallery — if not in Aberdeen. The whole building was thrown open, 
giving the guests the opportunity of seeing not only the Sculpture Gallery 
with its beautiful collection of casts, but also the Macdonald Collection 
and a loan exhibition of paintings. The spacious Central Hall with its 
cool colonnade, in the centre of which was a platform for Herr Stanislaus 
Wurm's White Viennese Band, was the paramount attraction, and was 
thronged throughout the evening by a delighted audience. Outside, the 
grounds of Gordon's College looked most picturesque, lit up as they were 
with innumerable fairy lights of various hues, outlining the paths and 
lawns. Brightly coloured Japanese lanterns were suspended from the 
trees, and on pavilions and marquees for refreshments and cloakrooms. 
Fireworks attached to trees giving off showers of sparks were an ad- 
ditional feature in the illumination scheme and attracted many guests 
from the building into the grounds. 

What impressed me more forcibly, perhaps, than anything else was 
the sense of corporate citizenship in the Aberdonian, which Londoners 


like myself entirely lack, and in addition their valuable asset in the 
possession of such a mental background, of which this Art Gallery, with 
its splendid equipment, is the latest expression. It seemed a matter of 
great surprise to many present that Aberdeen — so far away there in the 
North — possessed so beautiful and unique a collection of sculptures in so 
spacious a gallery, placing the town in the front rank in this direction ; 
though few had time or space that night to admire the severe simplicity 
and strenuousness of the building and its treasures. 

Possibly the citizens of Aberdeen have yet to learn to apply to their 
town, in which their world-famed granite is so great an industry, the 
ideas of the beautiful as suggested by this Sculpture Gallery. Their 
granite has become universal ; there is in life little more international than 
Art ; thus no more fitting place could have been found for this recep- 
tion, so international in the making, than Aberdeen's Art Gallery, 

When, months afterwards, asked to contribute my impressions of the 
Art Gallery Reception, I feel that in proportion as fainter sounds the 
murmur of laughter and conversation, mingled with those never-to-be- 
forgotten strains of that wonderful band's haunting melodies, so the 
significance underlying it grows more impressive — that the University 
forms an essential and fundamental part of the daily life of Aberdeen and 
its people in a way which Londoners hardly realise ; that doubtless before 
many years have passed the Art Gallery will have become as great a 
force in the life of the people as the University ; and that in future 
Aberdeen will be known not only as a centre of learning, but as a city 
in which Art is increasingly appreciated and sufficiently encouraged, 

C. Skelton. 



The Reception in the Art Gallery took place from 8.30 to 11 P.M. 
Visitors were received by the Chairman, Mr. James Murray, M.P., and 
the Members of the Committee of Management. In addition to the 
accommodation provided in the buildings of the Art Gallery and the 
School of Art, the grounds of Robert Gordon's College were illuminated 
and furnished with marquees, refreshment pavilions, etc. 

The following selection of music was played during the evening by 
Herr Wurm's Band : — 



''The Liberty Bell" 

... Sousa. 



" Phonographen " 




... " William Tell" ... 



Ave Maria 




Grand Fantaisie 





" Baby's Sweetheart " 




" Spring Chicken " 

Gary 11. 


Czardas ... 

"No. I " 




... "Scotch Airs" ... 




" Popular Valses " 

arr. by Stanislaus Wurm. 



"With the British Colours" 


10. Students' Ball. 

The President and Members of the Students' Representative Council 
gave a Ball, in the Music Hall Buildings, from 8 P.M. Every Student in 
the University received an invitation, and almost all intimated their 
desire to be present. The Town Council generously agreed to give the 
Students the benefit of the decoration scheme drawn up for their banquet 
on Tuesday night, and the Committee in charge arranged for a special 
dancing floor to be laid in the large hall. The Ball was one of the 
largest ever held in the North of Scotland, over 400 couples taking part 
in it. Both the Large Hall and the Ballroom were used for dancing, the 
music being supplied by Mrs. Jaffrey's band. The Programme was as 
follows : — 



1. Waltz 

2. Lancers 

3. Waltz 

4. Lancers 

5. Waltz 

6. Lightsome Reel ... 

7. Waltz and Galop ... 

8. Lancers 

9. Waltz 

10. Highland Schottische 

11. Waltz and Galop ... 

12. Lancers 

13. Waltz 

14. Lightsome Reel ... 

15. Waltz 

16. Lancers 

17. Waltz and Galop ... 

18. Lancers ... 

19. Waltz 

20. Waltz and Galop ... 

Rosen aus dem SUden. 

Lady ATadcap. 

Gold and Silver. 

.. Duchess of Dantzic. 


[ Veronique and 

\Noisy Johnnie. 




Luna Roulette. 

Spring Chicken. 


... Eton Boating Song. 

... Catch of the Season. 

(Eternelle Folie 

\and Rink. 

Army and Navy. 

Tausend und eine Nacht, 

(Choristers and 

Xjohn Feel. 

. . . Marischal, see ye clear the gate. 
Carle, now the King's come ! 

We'll show him mason work this day, 
Nane o' your bricks of Babel clay, 
But towers shall stand till Time's away. 
Carle, now the King's come ! 

We'll show him wit, we'll show him lair, 
An' gallant lads and lasses fair. 
An' what would kind heart wish for mair ? 
Carle, now the King's come I 

My trusty Provost, tried and tight. 
Stand forward for the Good Town's right. 
There's waur than you been made a knight — 
Carle, now the King's come! 

My reverend Clergy, look ye say 
The best of thanksgivings you'll hae, 
And warstle for a sunny day — 
Carle, now the King's come ! 




II. Inauguration of the New Buildings, Marischal College. 

OOME cunning stage manager was at work behind the scenes during 
^ those wonderful four days when A /ma Mater kept her four- 
hundredth birthday. I refer not so much to individual pageants as to 
the whole celebration, organised as it was with so just a sense of the 
value of the crescendo. Therein lies the perfection of epicureanism ; for 
the accomplished epicurean is not he who snatches at the full moment 
of enjoyment, but rather he who knows how to approach it rightly, passing 
from the quieter sensations to the more intense, until the climax is com- 
plete. Thus it was on those exquisite September days of light and colour 
days of summer brightness without summer's languor, when the northern 
air tempered the sun with that snell stimulus, which to sons of King's and 
Marischal is ever vibrant with memories of the waning long vacation and 
of the keener days that would bring us together again for another winter 
under the fostering guardianship of Crown and Tower. The right season 
had been chosen for the festivity, the Clerk of the Weather understood and 
was pleased to be gracious ; event followed event in rightly ordered se- 
quence, until the crowning act of all. 

We had come through the opening days as men that dreamed. Late 
on the Monday night the southern express bore us exiles back to a rejoicing 
city. Girdleness winked his friendly welcome as we passed, and in a moment 
more we caught the first hint of illuminations in rehearsal. Union Street 
had become fairyland, but for that night a glimpse sufificed. Long travel- 
ling is heavy-eyed, the morrow and its morrows held much, and so, as Mr. 



Pepys says, to bed. The next day was one of Aristotelian recognitions 
in the throngs of Union Street. Of the Tuesday's formal ceremonies others 
will speak ; for me the day was as if a new session were beginning. The 
old men were up again and none of us had as yet taken a degree. Even 
the new Marischal, as one passed it again and again, had no chilling un- 
familiarity. It was the outward and visible sign of Alma Maters growth, 
and so beautiful in the sunshine that even those whose hearts are knit to 
King's could but cry prosit omen and pray for as bright skies for the 
dedication. So the crowded hours fled away, and the Tuesday and 
Wednesday of preparation brought us to the great day of the feast. 

Thursday again saw the streets crowded, but at the early hour when 
those who were bound for Marischal had to be astir, the throngs were 
setting chiefly one way — to the great white College in the Broadgate. The 
academic dignity of the world was abroad, rainbow-hued. Union Street 
never made so brave a show. Even the precincts of St. Mary's, Oxford, 
on a Sunday in full term, with the Vice-Chancellor and Proctors in all 
their glory, seemed sombre by comparison. And over all was the spirit 
of rejoicing : men's pulses moved to the distant throb of military music. 

At the first moment of entry into the quadrangle the guest re- 
alised how perfectly the day's pageant had been organised. He himself, 
obscure unit though he was, was officially cared for by red-gowned Arts 
men and marshalled to his place. Thus quietly and without confusion 
the whole 5,000 spectators found seats and settled down to wait for 
the arrival of their Majesties. The hours seemed all too brief, so 
charming was the company of sweet girl graduates, so excellent the music 
of the Scots Greys Band, so comforting the sunshine and the liberty to 
take tobacco, blessed weed, which drew a merciful thin haze over the 
otherwise too dazzling splendour of the scarlet-robed Senatus on the 
platform. Of our kaleidoscopic guests from the Academies of the four 
winds one could see very little, but one could judge from individuals how 
splendid must have been the body corporate. If carping criticism dare 
fix any fang in that genial scene, it was that the platform decorations 


owed nothing to the maxim simplex viunditiis and that there were too 
many top hats. Those who wore them with the gown may have been 
inspired by an old print of Marischal College which contains portraits of 
professors in that singular garb. Archaeological enthusiasm must be the 
wearers' excuse, if not their salvation. It had truly a fine old smack of 
the 'twenties, but our own choice is a " John Knox," and we sighed for a 
doctorate that would bid us doff the humble mortar-board of the mere 

More sun in the quadrangle, more dignitaries on the rostrum and noon 
on the clock overhead. We were too far from Holburn Street Station to 
hear even a distant echo of the guns welcoming the King, but we knew 
that eveiy moment was now bringing his Majesty nearer. The tension 
grew. Talk became desultory and the centre of the stage under the wide 
sweeping arch of Marischal Gateway held the gaze of the waiting multi- 
tude. Across a softer passage in " Tannhauser " poured a rain of bell- 
notes from the carillon of St. Nicholas. The King was in Union Street — 
at the very doors. Used to the surging roar with which London crowds 
herald a royal progress, I waited for that token of their Majesties' approach 
along Broad Street. It never came. There was some slight cheering in 
the street, the people at the windows opposite the College grew animated 
for a moment and there was a faint fluttering of handkerchiefs. That was 
all. Had we then not learned the art of the ovation here in our granite- 
fenced North ? Evidently not. 

A moment more and my mistake was manifest. The throng in 
the quadrangle had risen to its feet, the National Anthem (bogey of 
monarchs) crashed from the band. The King had come, the brief cere- 
mony of welcome, invisible to those within, had been performed — then up 
the inclined plane from the street and over the horizon of the dais, as 
ships over-peer the ocean's rim, rose the figures of the two sacrists, gravely 
pacing as they bore the maces of King's and Marischal. Behind them, in 
time to the music, moved the King and Queen Ille incedit Rex ; incedit 
ilia Regina. Sir William Ramsay used to bid us translate that last 


phrase " every inch a queen ". It holds good alike for King and Consort. 
That dramatic entry was too much for our long pent-up emotions. The 
Times correspondent was good enough, censorious Thunderer, to chide us 
northern barbarians for breach of etiquette. It is true that their Majesties 
should have been received with mute respect, but that tumultuous roar of 
welcome from the quadrangle meant more than the most eloquent silence, 
and our Royal guests must have interpreted it aright. 

From the first moment it was apparent that the King and Queen 
were gratified with their reception. His Majesty, it is well known, de- 
lights in a well-ordered ceremony, and lends himself with the most gracious 
comity to the chief role. He listened with unflagging interest while our 
revered Principal, unfurling the broad parchment of the address, rehearsed 
the meaning and purpose of the day's solemnity. When Queen Victoria's 
name was mentioned, his Majesty was ready with his never-failing salute 
to his mother's memory. Our Principal can rival the Boanerges, but at the 
moment his business, he knew, was with his sovereign, so that his tones 
were gently modulated and not for ol iroWoL From this many argued that 
the whole pageant must pass in dumb show for the most of the audience, 
but when the King began his reply they were undeceived. 

His Majesty's first words rang trumpet-like over the vast quadrangle, 
and with a thrill of delighted surprise the assemblage realised that they 
had come out not only to see but to hear. The King's fine elocution, 
more, perhaps, than anything else, assured the day's success. It drew 
sovereign and people together with a subtle magic, and we felt that in no 
formal way, but in deed and truth, his Majesty's heart was with us in our 
hour of academic rejoicing. With no disrespect to the Crown, it may be 
said that we were all Fellows of one College. And as one listened to 
the King one recalled that passage in Plato where the philosopher's " fine 
deep voice resounded throughout the whole building ". 

The Chancellor has presented the golden key of the new Marischal 
and again the King speaks, declaring the buildings open and dedicating 
them to the advancement of science and good learning. 


Then the Dean of the Faculty of Divinity consecrates the work — 
" Except the Lord build the house they labour in vain that build it" — and 
from Dr. Cowan's " Amen " the multitude passes to the majestic harmonies 
of the Old Hundredth, in which the King, who omits no observance, 
joins with all his heart and voice. 

The Rector's turn came next. It was Sir Frederick's duty to present 
the Senatus and other officials to their Majesties. The long files of red 
and black gowns passed with due obeisance. It was a swift honour, but 
memorable for the honoured. Most significant of our progress was the 
introduction of the First Citizen of our Undergraduate Republic, the 
President of the S.R.C., who symbolised the truth we learned from 
Fitzroy Bell, that the University is for the student, and the student not 
the preceptor is the University. 

What followed was puzzling to those at a little distance from the 
platform. The programme gave no hint of what was going forward. 
Some one close by the writer remarked, "A decoration has been given," 
and the King was seen cordially patting the shoulder of a crippled man, 
who had been introduced by Mr. John Sinclair. But every one was in the 
dark about it all. It was not until later that most people learned of the 
King's kindly recognition of a humble hero, and the true meaning of the 
unacademic but most interesting interlude. 

There was a moment's pause. Dignitaries moved about the platform, 
the King chatted with the Prince of Monaco, and then their Majesties 
withdrew to inspect the new buildings. The concourse watched for some 
glimpse of King or Queen at the windows, but in vain. Very soon 
another salvo of cheers from beyond the gates told that the royal guests 
had gone on to the Town House. To parody the formula of the Holy 
Office, they had been relaxed from the Academic to the Civic arm, to 
receive from the Chief Magistrate and his colleagues a welcome and hos- 
pitality worthy of the city where Town and Gown dwell together in 

So it was all over. The throngs melted away with cheerful con- 



gratulations on the superb success of the festivity. The streets were still 
all but impassable, and only by weird and devious ways that recalled our 
erratic Bajeantdom could we seek the safe refuge of the University Club, 
From its windows, an hour later, it was our luck to witness a hitherto 
unrecorded incident. When the royal cavalcade approached, her Majesty 
saw and most evidently understood the Greek words of welcome on the 
club facade. Smiling, the Queen touched the King's arm and drew his 
Majesty's attention to the golden legend, whereupon the clubmen at the 
windows had their good wishes acknowledged with a right royal salute. 
Thus fitly at the end of the day's pageantry the sovereign's interest was 
focussed once more on the University, and the last five minutes of the 
King's visit saw an unrehearsed, but all the more delightful, exchange of 
regal and academic courtesies. 

J. D. Symon. 

The Inauguration of the New Buildings took place in the Marischal 
College Quadrangle at i P.M. All persons except those holding tickets 
for the platform entered by the gate in West North Street. The gates 
were opened at lo o'clock, and ticket-holders had to be in their places 
by 12 o'clock. At 12 o'clock all the gates were closed, and there was no 
further admission. 

Persons invited to the platform entered by the gate at the end of 
Longacre, West North Street, and assembled in the Mitchell Hall, where 
they were arranged in the order to be occupied on the platform, to which 
they proceeded at 12.30 P.M. 

The order of the procession was as follows : — 

His Serene Highness the Prince of Monaco. 

The Right Rev. the Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of 

His Grace the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, G.C.V.O. 
The Right Hon. the Earl of Erroll, Lord High Constable, K.T., C.B. 
The Most Hon. the Marquis of Huntly. 
The Right Hon. the Earl of Kintore, G.C.M.G- 
Mrs. Lyon. 

The Right Hon. the Countess of Aberdeen. 
The Right Hon. the Lady Strathcona. 
Lady Treves. 
Mrs. Lang. 

The Right Hon. the Secretary for Scotland. 
The Right Hon. the Lord Advocate. 
The Right Hon. the Lord Justice Clerk, K.C.B. 
The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Ripon. 
The Most Rev. Bishop Wilkinson, Primus of the Episcopal Church in 

The Right Rev. Bishop Chisholm. 
The Right Rev. Bishop Ellis. 
The Right Hon. the Lord Elphinstone. 
The Right Hon. the Lord Balfour of Burleigh, K.T. 
The Right Hon. the Lord Chief Justice, G.C.M.G. 
The Right Hon. the Lord Leith of Fyvie. 
The Right Hon. the Secretary of State for War. 
The Right Hon. James Bryce, M.P. for South Aberdeen. 
The Right Hon. Robert Farquharson. 
The Right Hon. James A. Campbell. 
Sir Thomas Burnett, of Leys, Bart. 
Sir John F. Clark, of Tillypronie, Bart. 
Sir Alexander Baird, of Urie, Bart. 
Sir George Alexander Cooper, Bart. 
The Solicitor General for Scotland. 
The Lyon King of Arms. 

Mr. Andrew Carnegie, Chancellor of the University of St. Andrews. 
Sir Henry Craik, K.C.B., M.P. for the Universities of Glasgow and Aberdeen. 
Admiral Sir Archibald L. Douglas. 


Sir David Stewart, of Banchory-Devenick, formerly Lord Provost of Aber- 

Mr. A. W. Black, M.P. for Banffshire. 

Mr. J. W. Crombie, M.P. for Kincardineshire. 

Mr. J. M. Henderson, M.P. for West Aberdeenshire. 

Mr. D. V. Pirie, M.P. for North Aberdeen. 

Mr. J. E. Sutherland, M.P. for the Elgin Burghs. 

Mr. A. Williamson, M.P. for the counties of Elgin and Nairn. 

The Principal of the University of St. Andrews. 

The Principal of the University of Edinburgh, K.C.B. 

The Principal of the United Free Church College, Aberdeen. 

The Right Hon. the Lord Provost of Edinburgh, K.C.V.O. 

The Hon. the Lord Provost of Glasgow. 

The Lord Provost of Dundee. 

The Provost of Inverness. 

Mr. Daniel Mearns, formerly Lord Provost of Aberdeen. 

Mr. James Walker, formerly Lord Provost of Aberdeen. 

Mr. Duncan Robertson ] 

Mr. J. Henderson Begg V Sheriffs-Substitute. 

Mr. James Reid. I 

The Chairman of the Board of Directors, Royal Infirmary. 

The Chairman of the School Board. 

The Convener of the Incorporated Trades. 

Dr. Skene Keith. 

Mr. James TuUoch. 

Mr. W. Wilfred Campbell. 

The Members of the University Court : in order of precedence : accom- 
panied by the Secretary. 

The Members of the Senatus : in order of seniority : accompanied by the 

The Convener of the Business Committee of the General Council. 

The Members of the Advisory Committee of Subscribers. 

The Convener of the Hospitality Committee. 

The President of the Students' Representative Council. 
Mr. A. Marshall Mackenzie, the Architect. 

A seat had been reserved for the Senior Graduate of the Uni- 
versity, the Rev. ^Eneas Bethune, M.A. 1831, but he was unable to be 


The platform party was seated in a double row along the west 
side of the Quadrangle on both sides of the main entrance through 
which the King and Queen were to enter. Those who were to be pre- 
sented to their Majesties, twenty-seven in number, were placed at the 
extreme right and left of the front row, in two groups of thirteen and 
fourteen. As the presentations took place these groups exchanged places 
on the platform. 

On a special platform along a portion of the north side of the Quad- 
rangle were seated the Magistrates of the City and Members of the 
Town Council. 

The rest of the Quadrangle was seated to accommodate over 5,000 
persons, the space being divided into lettered blocks, with corresponding 
tickets of characteristic designs and colours. A large staff of student 
ushers in cap and gown, and carrying white wands, conducted ticket- 
holders to their seats, the most perfect order being maintained 

From 11.30 till the arrival of their Majesties, the Baild of the Royal 
Scots Greys gave the following selection : — 

1. Grand March ... " La Reine de Saba " 

2. Ballet "Russe" 

i. Czardas, ii. Valse Lente. iii. Scene, iv. Mazurka, 
v. March — " Russe." 

3. Valse Lente " Enchanted Bell " 

(With Bell Obbligato.) 

4. Selection ... ... ... "Lohengrin" 

{a) Serenade ... ... ... "Lyrique'' 

{l>) Am'tra's Dance from Peer Gynt Suite ... 

6. Overtwe ... ... ... " Tannhauser " 

7. Ballet... ... ... ... "Colomba" 

i. Ballet, ii. Rustic Dance, iii. Saltarello. 

8. Serenata " Der Engel Lied " ... 














Incidental Music to the 

Play "Henry Vlll." 
... "Pagliacci" 

J (a) Morceau ... 
I (b) Patrol 

" Aubade Printani^re " 


... "Turkish" 


Gratid Fantasia 

" A Highland Scene " 



... "La Boh^me" ... 

( (a) Gavotte ... 
\ ip) Morceau ... 

"Wedding Bells" ... 


. " Les Cloches de St. Malo 

(With Bell Obbligato.) 



Op. 18 
God Save The King. 








A fanfare of trumpets, at five minutes to one o'clock, announced the 
arrival at the main entrance of the King and Queen. Their Majesties, 
who travelled by special train from Ballater, had been received at the 
Holburn Street Station by Lord Provost Lyon, who was presented by the 
Secretary for Scotland, and craved permission to present in turn Lord 
Aberdeen, Sheriff Crawford, Lord Strathcona, Sir Frederick Treves, 
Principal Lang and Mr. J. E. Crombie. There were also in attendance 
at the station Lieutenant-General E. P. Leach, V.C., C.V.O,, C.B., General 
Officer, Commanding in Chief, Scottish Command, and his Staff; the 
Magistrates of the City, the Town Clerk and the City Chamberlain. 

Their Majesties drove from the station to the College via Gray 
Street, Broomhill Road, Forest Avenue, Queen's Road, Albyn Place, 
Union Street and Broad Street ; the whole route being lavishly decorated 
and lined by the Boys' Brigade and by detachments of the seven Volun- 
teer Battalions of the Gordon Highlanders, the ist Aberdeenshire Royal 
Engineers ( v.), the ist Aberdeenshire Royal Garrison Artillery (V.), the 
Royal Army Medical Corps (V.), the 2nd Scottish Rifles and the Scottish 
Horse (dismounted). The procession was headed by a body of the Scot- 
tish Horse under the command of the Marquis of Tullibardine ; an 
escort of the Royal Scots Greys accompanied the royal carriage ; and 
the rear was brought up by a party of the Fifeshire and Forfarshire 
Imperial Yeomanry. Guards of Honour were supplied by the 2nd Bat- 
talion Scottish Rifles (at Holburn Street Station); the University Com- 


pany, ist V.B. Gordon Highlanders (in Broad Street facing the entrance 
to the College) ; and the University Company, Royal Army Medical 
Corps (in the Archway leading to the Quadrangle). 

The King and Queen were received at the entrance of Marischal 
College by the Chancellor, the Rector and the Principal, who escorted 
their Majesties to the platform. 

The King, who wore the uniform of a Field Marshal, and the Queen, 
who was dressed in black, occupied chairs in the centre of the platform, 
the suite in attendance being grouped in a semicircle behind ; and the 
Chancellor, Rector, Principal and University officials standing to the 
left of the King. 

The band of the Royal Scots Greys, stationed in the Quadrangle, 
played the National Anthem as their Majesties appeared on the plat- 

Her Majesty the Queen graciously accepted a Bouquet presented by 
Miss Mary Paton Ramsay on behalf of the Women Students of the 

The Chancellor presented a copy of the Programme of Proceedings 
to His Majesty the King, and the Rector presented a copy to Her Majesty 
the Queen. 

The Principal read the following Address ^ from the University and 
handed it to His Majesty : — 

To the King's Most Excellent Majesty and to 
Her Majesty the Queen. 
May it please Your Majesties. 

We, the Members of the University of Aberdeen, 
desire to offer our humble duty, and to express our gratitude to Yout 
Majesties for the honour done to us by Your presence on this auspicious 

Your Majesties will permit us to recall that, in i860, two Universities, 
whose seats were only a mile apart, were united and incorporated into 

^ In the plate wliich faces this page the Queen stands at the King's right hand. At 
the King's left hand are, in order, the Chancellor, the Rector and the Principal. Behind 
appear, in order, the Lord Provost, Mr. D. K. Thorn, Dr. Rohert Walker, the Marquis of 
Huntly, Mr. P. J. Anderson, the Moderator of the General Assembly, the Lyon King of 
Arms, Bishop Ellis and the Countess of Aberdeen. 


one University under the style of the University of Aberdeen. Our 
Celebration has a double object. We thankfully remember the service 
rendered and the benefits conferred by the now united Institutions during 
the four centuries which have passed since the older of the two was 
founded. It is a special satisfaction to us that the date of this Com- 
memoration coincides with the completion of structural additions which 
are urgently required for class and research work. 

The visit of Your Majesties reminds us of many interesting links in 
the connection of our University with the Crown. By the good offices of 
King James the Fourth of Scotland, Bishop Elphinstone obtained the 
Papal Bull which sanctioned the foundation of the University in 1494-95. 
In token of the protection thus extended, its College, dedicated to St. 
Mary the Virgin in 1505, was described in Acts of the Scots' Parliament 
as the College of " Our Sovereine Lord," and from an early time was 
known as " the King's College ". King James the Fifth and his Consort 
and Queen Mary heard classical recitations within the College Halls, 
The old grey Crown that still gracefully surmounts our Chapel is a sym- 
bol of this ancient relation to the Scottish Throne. Your Majesties 
have revived the tradition of what is now a far past. Nor is the event in 
which we rejoice the only sign of Your Royal favour. As the Patron of 
many of our Chairs, and of the Balmoral Bursaries, established by Queen 
Victoria of blessed memory, Your Majesty the King is directly interested 
in the affairs of the University. 

By the strenuous co-operation and the munificence of friends of the 
University we have been enabled to erect the Buildings whose opening 
we shall ask to be graciously declared. We trust that the addition thus 
made to this Seat of Learning will be accepted as an evidence of our 
anxiety that the accommodation which is essential to thorough scientific 
study shall be provided in it, and that, in its equipment, it shall meet 
the requirements of the several branches of Higher Education. Your 
Majesties may be assured that the recollection of Your courtesy will 
stimulate our diligence in the performance of the responsibilities laid on 
us, and in the endeavour so to promote the efficiency of our Venerable 
University as to make it worthy of the great kindness You have shown us, 
and of the confidence of Your Majesties' loyal and loving subjects. 

Given under the Seal of the University of Aberdeen and 
signed on our behalf by the Chancellor, the Rector and the 
Principal, at Aberdeen, the twenty-seventh day of Septem- 
ber, in the Year of Our Lord, One thousand nine hundred 
and six. 

Strathcona and Mount Royal. 
Frederick Treves. 
J, Marshall Lang. 


The King, speaking in clear ringing tones, which were distinctly 
heard over the Quadrangle, said : — 

On behalf of myself and the Queen, I thank you heartily for 
your cordial welcome and for your dutiful address. It gives us 
great pleasure to be present at this commemoration of the founding 
of the two institutions incorporated with the University of Aber- 
deen, which, during four centuries, has played so distinguished a 
part in the advancement of learning. Your allusions to the close 
association of many of my predecessors on the Throne, especially 
of my august and beloved mother, with the University, are of deep 
interest, and I shall always feel a lively concern for its welfare. I 
am glad to know that with this commemoration is combined a 
notable addition to the equipment of the University. It gives me 
much pleasure to open these new buildings for the promotion of 
scientific and higher education, for I am well assured that the further 
pursuit of those studies will advance the prosperity of this part of 
my realm and add to the great name and traditions of the Univer- 
sity — (loud and prolonged cheers). 

The Chancellor then asked His Majesty to declare the New Buildings 
open, and presented His Majesty with a key. 

The King: "I NOW DECLARE THESE New Buildings open". 

A fanfare of trumpets. 


The University Choral Society, accompanied by the Band, then led 
the assembled gathering in singing three verses of the looth Psalm. 

All people that on earth do dwell, 

Sing to the Lord with cheerful voice, 
Him serve with mirth. His praise forth tell, 

Come ye before Him and rejoice. 

Know that the Lord is God indeed ; 

Without our aid He did us make ; 
We are His flock, He doth us feed, 

And for His sheep He doth us take. 

For why ? the Lord our God is good, 

His mercy is for ever sure ; 
His truth at all times firmly stood, 

And shall from age to age endure. 

The Dean of the Faculty of Divinity, the Rev. Professor Henry Cowan, 
D.D., offered up the following prayer : — 

" Except the Lord build the house, they labour in vain that build it." 
Almighty God, Maker of Heaven and earth, we thank Thee that, 
under Thy good Providence, through human zeal, and skill, and toil, these 
buildings have been completed. Accept we beseech Thee our humble 
dedication of them to Thee, for the extension of knowledge and the train- 
ing of youth. Encompass with Thy favour and protection our Gracious 
King and Queen, and bless their service to our University. Forgive our 
manifold unworthiness ; build us up as living stones of a spiritual house : 
and enable us, in all our works, begun, continued, and ended in Thee, to 
glorify Thy Holy Name, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. 


. University Court. 

Deans of Faculties. 

Senior Members of Senatus. 

The Rector asked leave to present to their Majesties : — 

Mr. Alexander M. Gordon, 

Mr. Alexander Wilson, 

Mr. William Dey, LL.D., 

Mr. Angus Fraser, M.D., LL.D., 

Mr. David Littlejohn, LLD., 

Mr. Albert Westland, M.D., 

Professor Matthew Hay, M.D., 

Professor John Harrower, M.A., 

Professor Neil J. D. Kennedy, LL.D., 

Professor Robert W. Reid, M.D., 

Professor James W. H. Trail, F.R.S., 

Professor Henry Cowan, D.D., 

Professor James B. Baillie, Phil.D., 

Professor William Stephenson, M.D., 

Professor Charles Niven, D.Sc, 

Professor David J. Hamilton, M.B., 

Professor Alexander Ogston, CM., L L.D., 

Professor William M. Ramsay, D.C.L., 

Mr. Patrick Cooper, M.A., Convener of Business Committee of General 


Mr. Theodore Crombie, 

Mr. John Fleming, LL.D., . , . „ 

_- ,, , ^%^.,, ^ Advisory Committee. 

Mr. Alexander O. Gill, 

Mr. David M. M. Milligan, M.A., . 

Mr. James Murray, M.P., Convener of Hospitality Committee. 

Mr. Andrew R. Williamson, M.A., President of Students' Representative 


Mr. A. Marshall Mackenzie, A.R.S.A., The Architect. 

Mr. W. Wilfred Campbell. 

His Majesty then conferred the Albert Medal of the second class on 
Robert Munro for gallantry displayed in endeavouring to save the life of 
a fellow-workman on the Highland Railway at Brodie on 28th April last. 

The Principal asked their Majesties to graciously consent to inspect 
the New Buildings. 

Their Majesties were accompanied on their tour of inspection by the 
Chancellor, the Rector, the Principal, the Chairman of the Edilis Committee 


of the University Court (Professor Hay), and the Architect. The parts 
of the building inspected were the departments, on the ground floor, of 
French (Dr. Scholle) and Agriculture (Mr. Greig, Mr. Hendrick and Mr. 
Young), and the Court Room, where their Majesties, on the invitation 
of the Principal, signed a special Visitors' Book, the first entry in which is 
the signature of Prince Albert, dated 7th September, 1848. 

^^U*--,^'^ ^^^^^ < ^- 

^^/l^^>iCr.-p^^^C^ ^/ - ^^^ 

Their Majesties thereafter left the University buildings and proceeded 
to the Town House, where they were the guests at luncheon of Lord 
Provost and Mrs. Lyon. A loyal and dutiful address having been pre- 
sented, the King conferred the honour of knighthood on the Lord Provost. 
(See Appendix E, pp. 346-50.) 

Their Majesties thereafter drove via Union Street, St. Nicholas 
Street, Schoolhill, Union Terrace and Bridge Street to the General 
Railway Station, whence the royal train returned to Ballater. 

On the following day Lord Provost Sir Alexander Lyon received 
the appended letter from the Secretary for Scotland : — 


Balmoral Castle, 
September 27, igo6. 

Dear Lord Provost, — 1 am commanded by the King to convey 
to you the expression of Their Majesties' pleasure at their reception to-day 
by the citizens of Aberdeen. 

It has given Their Majesties great satisfaction to have paid this visit 
at a moment of much importance in the history of the University of which 
Aberdeen is so justly proud. 

The arrangements were well planned and well carried out. The 
beauty and profusion of the decorations were strikingly effective, and 
Their Majesties were deeply gratified by the loyalty and enthusiasm of 
the people. 

Long and familiar associations enshrine the affectionate regard in 
which Their Majesties hold Aberdeenshire and all its interests ; and they 
will cherish a vivid and lasting recollection of the hearty welcome given 
to them to-day by the City of Aberdeen. 

I am, 

Dear Lord Provost, 

Your faithful and obedient servant, 
John Sinclair. 
The Lord Provost of Aberdeen. 

12. Reception by the Incorporated Trades. 

The Members of the Seven Incorporated Trades were At Home to 
the Members of the University and to the Delegates and Guests of the 
University, along with ladies, in the Trinity Hall, from 3 to 6 P.M. 

Come, shall we in 
And taste Lord Timon's bounty ? he outgoes 
The very heart of kindness, 
He pours it out ; Plutus, the god of gold. 
Is but his steward : no meed but he repays 
Sevenfold above itself; no gift to him 
But breeds the giver a return exceeding 
All use of quittance. Long may he live in fortunes ! 



13. The Strathcona Banquet. 

^~^ HOSTS of old graduates, long dead, that have known Barmecide 
^-^ banquets, studying on a regimen of oats in poor attics by the 
frugal light of candles, may well have haunted the Strathcona Hall that 
night, and, if ghosts have any appetite, or can feel regrets for old unable 
years, they must have looked wistfully upon this gigantic feast where all 
the culinary resources of the South had been requisitioned to give the North 
one evening with Lucullus. Among them (it is easy to fancy) must have 
been Dalgetty, who, it may be remembered, accounted for the unseemly 
haste of his eating at the Castle of Darnlinvarich by telling how he had 
learned to hurry at the bursary table of Marischal College, " when, if you 
did not move your jaws like a pair of castanets, you were very unlikely to 
get anything to put into them ". And yet, however it may have been with 
the poor ghosts, those who really dined with the Lord Chancellor that 
night will doubtless remember the nature of their viands less than the 
circumstances attending their disposal, for public banquets are not so 
much an indulgence of the corporal appetites as the occasions for that 
human rapport which is ever more effluent after food and wine, otherwise 
a banquet were a barbaric and shameful rite. 

Seated next to me at one of the tables was a great Egyptologist, who, 
regaling himself Spartan-wise on water and Messrs. Lyons' equivalent for 
pulse, suggested that some day the world, awakened to a sense of the 
essential savagery of ceremonial feeding, should have another method of 
sustaining its high spirits at public assemblies, I ventured to ask if he 
thought in those happy days the guests should sit vis-a-vis exchanging brisk 



passages of their own poetry. He thought not ; more probably, he said, 
they should sit in soothing floods of vocal and instrumental song, and 
seeing, as he said so, some German fellow-guests wince at the sound of 
bagpipes playing round the hall I thought, if Professor Flinders Petrie 
were right, there were many unhappy festivals in store for the convivial 
man with a poor ear for music. In that time, poor wretch ! he shall not 
have choice; for whereas now he has the haggis and the bagpipe (the 
former, it is cynically said by foreigners, a culinary preparation of the 
latter when discarded, so that there may be truth in the Gaelic proverb 
".' There's meat and music in it,' as the fox said who ate the bagpipes") in 
the age of musical banquets he shall have to take in his exhilaration 
wholly by the ear, and suffer the dyspepsia of the tuneless, or wear 
auricular pads in the manner of Herbert Spencer. 

Doubtless of all the 2,500 guests who assembled that night to 
the invitation of Lord Strathcona, there were few who did not antici- 
pate the zest of their share in a great and historic occasion more than 
any peculiar joy in eating a dinner cooked in London and brought 500 
miles. It was not only that they dined in company with many of the 
greatest men in the world, but that they had part in the use of the 
64,000 knives, forks and spoons, the 12,000 glasses, the 24,000 plates, 
and the battalion of turtle which the unimpeachable journalism of the 
day had assured them had been provided by the caterers. It took 17,913 
cows to provide the young babe Gargantua with milk — how many hectares 
of vineyard, how many sunny Champagne hours were bottled to make 
this Aberdonian holiday? Indeed it could not but stir the imagination! 
From what far lagoons and bays had come those doomed Chelonidae ? 
How many were the " fish from sea or shore. Freshet or purling brook ? " 
how vast the droves of beeves, the flights of domestic fowl and clouds of 
game-birds wild, and plantations of sugar and spices, whole harvests of 
wheat, mountains of eggs and bergs of ice ? 

Through the illuminated streets we drove in the evening. Fireworks 
were blazing on the fringe of the city ; loops of electric lights beyond 


number gleamed along vistas that seemed without end. A city in 
carnival, under twinkling stars, and lapped in benign soft winds. Prob- 
ably few of the guests were quite prepared for the wonderful spectacle 
presented by the biggest banquet party ever assembled in this country. 
In area the hall suggested a football field, or, more remotely, the arenas 
that He laughterless under the moon in Verona or Rome. Plainly no 
speaker without a megaphone could hope, save in the most favouring 
circumstances, to be heard over every part of that vast space gleaming 
under electric lamps, and when the time came for the toasts, I fear there 
must have been many guests in the background who got no more infor- 
mation than was conveyed by the toast-list or the stentorian cry of the 
toast-master. A band at a sling-shot distance from the chairman's table 
dashed con molto passione into The Veteran's Song — " Long Live the 
King " — as if it had just discovered the charm of an air that had occu- 
pied every band in the city at every hour of the day's proceedings. 
Then a bugler beside the band broke upon the hum of universal speech 
with a brassy call that seemed to break down barricades, for on its 
closing note a horde of waiters — six, or seven, or eight hundred — burst 
in upon the company and disposed themselves noiselessly round the serried 
ranks of tables. It was a good dinner, served with remarkable rapidity, 
in that and in every respect a triumph of organisation. Begun in state 
it ended somewhat drolly — which, after all, is the sign of success in all 
festivity, for ere its close half the company found themselves too far off 
and too much wrapped in the cloud of smoked tobacco to hear or see 
with certainty who spoke from the platform. Conversation had become 
general, animated, incessant and loud ; the place murmured like a sea. 
But the speeches were good, as we saw from next morning's papers, and 
if the charm, of their utterance was lost for some, there must have been 
consolation for the many that in their own immediate neighbourhood new 
friendships could be made and old acquaintanceships renewed. 

Neil Munro. 


The Chancellor of the University, the Rt Hon. Lord Strathcona 
and Mount Royal, entertained to dinner in the specially erected Strathcona 
Hall, at 8 P.M., all members of the University (Court, Senatus, Officials, 
Lecturers, Assistants, Examiners, Honorary Graduates, Members of 
General Council, and Students), together with all Delegates and Guests 
of the University. 

The 2,500 guests were arranged at seventy-three tables : — 

80 at the Chairman's table, which running north and south 

stretched from side to side of the hall. 
420 at eighteen platform tables, including the Delegates, 

University guests and Honorary graduates. 
2,000 at fifty-four tables in the body of the Hall. 

Every guest at the Chancellor's Banquet had to bring with him his 
card of admission indicating his place at table, and to retain it throughout 
the evening. No one was allowed to approach the doors without a card. 

All vehicles conveying guests to this dinner and all guests on foot 
approached the Hall in Gallowgate by Union Street and Broad Street. 
Both guests and coachmen were provided with tickets. 

Coachmen showing tickets coloured purple with white corners entered 
by temporary gate at the Middle School and passed along the School 
Grounds to the verandah at the east side of the Strathcona Hall. After 
discharging there the carriages left by Seamount Place and the Gallowgate 

Coachmen showing tickets coloured red with white cross entered by 
same temporary gate but discharged in the verandah at the Gallowgate 
side of Hall, and re-entered the Gallowgate at north end of verandah and 
proceeded northwards to Spring Garden or southwards to St. Paul Street. 

All persons arriving on foot entered at Gallowgate side of Hall, 
except those showing white or purple tickets, and they entered at east side. 

Private carriages returning for the Platform Party (coachmen holding 
pale brown tickets) were, according to the number of the ticket (No. i being 





zMjr 'II i L—^ii- 







in the front), accommodated in Seamount Place and along the east side 
of Gallowgate northwards, and along the west side of West North Street. 

Private carriages for the Gallowgate entrance (coachmen holding 
green tickets) lined along the north side of St. Paul Street and Loch Street. 

At the Chairman's table the arrangement was as under : — 


I. Mrs. Lang. 

3. The Rector. 

5. The Lady Strathcona. 

7. H.S.H. The Prince of Monaco. 

9. Lady Lyon. 
II. The Lord-Lieutenant of the County 

of Aberdeen. 
13. The Moderator of the General 

15. The Lord High Constable. 
17. The Marquis of Huntly. 
19. The Secretary for Scotland. 

21. The Lord Advocate. 

23. The Lord Balfour of Burleigh. 
25. Rt. Hon. James Bryce. 
27. Mr. Andrew Carnegie. 

Rt. Hon. C. Scott Dickson. 

Hon. Lord M'Laren. 

The Vice-Lieutenant of Aber- 

The Principal of the University 
of St. Andrews. 

Count Goblet dAlviella. 

Sir James Reid, Bart. 

Admiral Sir Arch. L. Douglas, 
43. Professor Delage. 
45. Professor Schipper. 
47. Professor Trendelenburg. 




2. Lady Treves. 

4. The Lord Provost. 

6. Hon. Mrs. R. J. Bliss Howard. 

8. The Principal. 

10. Mrs. Marshall B. Lang. 

12. The Archbishop of Canterbury. 

14. The Sheriff of Aberdeen. 

16. The Earl of Kintore. 

18. The Lord Justice Clerk. 

20. The Vice-Chancellor of the Uni- 
versity of Oxford. 

22. The Principal of the University 
of Edinburgh. 

24. Rt. Hon. Sir Edward Fry. 

26. Rt. Hon. Sir James Stirling. 

28. Dr. Donald Macalister. 

30. Rt. Hon. Robert Farquharson. 

32. Hon. Mr. Justice Grantham. 

34. The President of the Royal College 
of Physicians of London. 

36. Sir John Williams, Bart. 

38. Sir J. Christopher Nixon, Bart. 

40. Professor Einthoven. 

42. The Chancellor of the University 

of Melbourne. 
44. Professor Becquerel. 
46. Professor Veronese. 
48. The Rector of the Scots College, 






Sir John Murray, K.C.B. 
The General Officer, Commanding- 
in-Chief, Scottish Command. 
Professor Schiick. 
The Lyon King of Arms. 

The Provost of Trinity College, 


59. Professor Matsumura. 

61. Professor Jackson. 

63. Professor Taranger. 

65. Professor Lombroso. 

67. Dr. Arnold Hague. 

69. Professor Deruginsky. 

71. Professor Goldziher. 

73. Professor White. 

75. Sir John Jackson. 

77. Mr, Henry Phipps. 

79. Mr. Russell Stephenson. 

50. Sir Henry Craik, K.C.B. 

52. The Principal of the University of 

54. Sir T. M'Call Anderson. 
56. Major-General Sir A. J. F. Raid, 

58. Sir William Ramsay, K.C.B. 

60. Professor Hoffding. 

62. The Principal of McGill University. 

64. The Director-General, Army 
Medical Service. 

66. Sir John Jardine, K.C.LE. 

68. The Vice-chancellor of the Royal 
University of Ireland. 

70. The President of Queen's College, 

72. The Vice-Chancellor of the Vic- 
toria University, Manchester. 

74. The Vice-Chancellor of the Uni- 
versity of Liverpool. 

76. The Vice-Chancellor of the Uni- 
versity of Leeds. 

78. Rev. Dr. Taylor. 

80. Mr. William Garson. 

The following Programme of Music was performed by the Band of 
1st A.R.G. Artillery (V.) :— 



" Long Live the King" 

Ord Hume. 



... " The Cingalee" ... 








" The Yeomen of the Guard " 

... Sullivan. 







... " All Nations " ... 

F. Godfrey. 









The pipers of the 3rd Battalion Gordon Highlanders were also 
present and played at intervals. 


The menu was as follows : — 




Gonzalez, Byass and Co. 

Royal Pale. 


Rudesheimer Bosenberg, 1895. 
(J. B. Sturm.) 


Heidsieck and Co. 
Dry Monopole, 1898. 


Melon Cantaloupe glacd 


Chateau Ducrfi Beauoaillou, 


Warre's Finest Old 


Mineral Waters 

Appollinaris, Perrier, 


Tortue Claire. 


Dame de Saumon — See. Ravigotte 
Filets de Soles Bagration 
Mayonnaise de Homard. 


Chaudfroid de Cailles Lucullus 
Perdreau Souffle Souvaroff. 


Cotelettes de Prd-Sale Jardiniere. 


Poulards de Surrey 

Langues de Boeuf Epicurienne 

Jambon d'York 

Balotine de Pigeon 

Salade de Saison. 


Asperges en branches 
See. Vinaigrette. 


Charlotte Russe 

Timbale de Fruits Parisienne 

Gateau fouree Mascotte 

Matrons Chantilly. 


Cigars — Villar y Villar (Regalia de Paris), Cabana (Regalia). 
Cigarettes — Quo Vadis, State Express. 


After dinner the Archbishop of Canterbury returned thanks. 

Then the toastmaster, in tones which sounded through the immense 
building, called — " Your Excellency, my lords, ladies, and gentlemen, — 
Be pleased to charge your glasses. Pray, silence for the Right Hon. Lord 
Strathcona and Mount Royal, the Chancellor." 

The Chancellor, who was received with enthusiastic cheers, said : — 

There is one toast I am to present to you, a toast which in every 
gathering, every assembly of Englishmen, whether within the bounds of 
the United Kingdom or any part of the British Empire, is the first on all 
occasions. The toast, I need not say to you, is that of our gracious 
Sovereign, the King — (cheers). It requires nothing to commend it to 
any one here, nothing on any occasion to commend it to Englishmen, 
When I speak of an Englishman in the broadest possible sense, I speak of 
him as one of the subjects of His Majesty throughout the whole of the 
great British Empire — (loud cheers). It requires nothing to commend it 
to them anywhere more than it does within this great city of Aberdeen — 
(cheers). We have had with us on this occasion the King and Queen 
doing an act which has given us pleasure, and the greatest of pleasure to 
the whole people of Aberdeen, and also to those, I am sure, who have 
honoured the city of Aberdeen and the University of Aberdeen by com- 
ing as they have done from the nations of Europe, from America, and 
from the King's dominions beyond the seas — (cheers). We were all 
proud and pleased to see Their Majesties among us. It is only necessary 
for me to say in speaking of the way in which His Majesty discharges the 
duties of his high office, that this very day he has shown an instance of 
that consideration at the proper time and done it we know quite well — in 
considering the great service of one of the citizens of Aberdeen, the 
Lord Provost, now we are happy to say Sir Alexander Lyon — (cheers). 
In presenting to you the health of the King, it is only proper, I think, 
on this occasion we should congratulate Sir Alexander and Lady Lyon. 
We know it is a deserved honour — (cheers). Let me while speaking state 
that the University appreciates in the fullest way and fullest sense the 
great obligation for what has been done to it by the Lord Provost, Magi- 
strates, and Town Council of Aberdeen — (cheers) — not only to-day, but 
for these years back ; and we can go back to the time when at the head 
of the Town Council was now ex- Lord Provost Fleming who did good 
and noble work in the interests of the University as well as his successor — 
(cheers). I will now ask you to drink this toast with enthusiasm — His 
Majesty the King — (cheers). 


The toast was pledged with much enthusiasm, the band playing " God 
save the King," in the singing of which the guests joined with great hearti- 
ness. The pipers also played round the hall amid prolonged cheering. 

Lord Strathcona next said : — 

I have the great honour to give you this toast, and I am sure it will 
be received with equal enthusiasm as was the one you have just received 
— (cheers) — I need not say that it is the toast of "Her Gracious Majesty, 
the Prince and Princess of Wales, and Other Members of the Royal 
Family" — (cheers). As we have all seen here to-day Her Majesty was 
graciously pleased — was desirous — to accompany His Majesty here to-day 
to do honour to the people of Aberdeen and to the University of Aberdeen 
— (cheers). We feel indebted and highly honoured in having Her Majesty 
here this day — (cheers). We know how well the Prince and Princess of 
Wales on every occasion discharge the duties of their high ofifice. We 
know how they have gone throughout the length and breadth of the 
British Empire, how they have gone throughout the broad colonies of 
Great Britain, and how they have gone very recently throughout India, 
and have witnessed Royalty, not only those who are in one sense 
Englishmen, but those who are subjects of the British Crown, whether 
in the Greater Britain, in the colonies, or in that great Empire within an 
Empire — India— (cheers). We know also that the Duke of Connaught 
has done a great service in many quarters, and we know likewise that 
the younger Prince and Princess of Connaught a short time ago visited 
our allies of Japan. Are we not proud of such allies as young Japan ? — 
(cheers). We know they are not the less proud at having Britain always 
at their right hand — (cheers). I would desire in one word to say that the 
University of Aberdeen is proud and pleased to see so many present this 
evening who have come amongst us from all the different cities of learning 
of the great countries of Europe and America. We extend to them the 
heartiest possible welcome. I ask you to drink to the health of Her 
Majesty and other members of the Royal Family — (cheers). 

The toast was heartily pledged. 

The toastmaster at this point announced that the Chancellor desired 
him to say that the ladies permitted the gentlemen to smoke, an announce- 
ment which was received with much laughter, the air of the vast dining 
hall being already well charged with tobacco smoke. 


Lord Balfour of Burleigh said :— 

My lords, ladies, and gentlemen, no one could rise without some mis- 
givings to propose a toast such as this upon such an occasion, and before 
such a company ; but I am relieved to think that any inadequacy on my 
part will be made up because the great majority of those whom I have the 
honour to address have been the guests for the last few days of that great 
institution whose health I am now about to propose to you — (cheers) — 
and I am certain that you will all desire to show your appreciation of the 
munificent hospitality of which you have been the recipients — (loud 
cheers). We have been fortunate indeed in our hosts ; we have been 
fortunate on the whole occasion, and may I say that we have been most 
fortunate in the weather — (cheers). 1 think it perhaps was a wise act on 
the part of the University to propose an honorary degree for the director 
of the Meteorological Society — (laughter and cheers). I do not know 
whether they had any idea in their minds that by some sort of pagan 
rite they could appease a divinity or deity of which they were afraid, by 
giving him an honour in advance — (renewed laughter). If that was in 
their minds they have been successful, and if that is the way to secure 
good weather it is a pity the nation has not done more for Ben Nevis in 
the past — (cheers). 

Well, my lords and gentlemen, the Scottish people are proud of their 
Universities — (cheers). They are truly national institutions. They have 
been founded, it is true, by different persons, at different periods, for very 
different reasons, but they have all caught the genius of the nation, they 
have all rendered signal service to the nation in the past, and I think I can 
say that they were never better equipped, or never more desirous of con- 
tinuing to render those services in the future — (cheers). They have passed 
through trying times. They have passed through times of adversity, even 
of neglect. Some of them have greater opportunities than others, but all 
through their history, whether in prosperity or in adversity, they have been 
animated by a true love of learning for learning's sake, and that is why they 
have been so successful as they have been — (cheers). And never more so 
than at the present time, never more so than during the past thirty years, 
and if at some times in their histoiy they have had to reach downwards and 
do work that should have been done for them, that difficulty and that dis- 
advantage have been largely removed. I hope it will be still more removed 
in the future, and that they will go on through a period of prosperity, 
reaching higher and higher in the service of the nation and in the great 
cause of learning which they were founded to promote — (cheers). 

If what I have said is true of the universities of Scotland, it is true in 
a marked and special degree of that university in whose honour we are met 
here to-day — (loud cheers). None is more worthy than the University of 


Aberdeen, and none has more made its , mark upon the population round 
it than the University of Aberdeen — (cheers). Paitly on account of its 
magnificent endowments it has been able to say that no one, however 
humble or however poor, need go without the advantages of higher educa- 
tion, and I venture to say that no university has ever done more for the 
people by whom it is surrounded — (cheers). It might be a worthy subject 
of discussion whether the character of the people of Aberdeen and the 
neighbouring counties has been formed by the University, or whether the 
University has been successful on account of the character of those people. 
I am not going to discuss that question, but I think the true solution of it 
is this, that the one has acted and reacted on the other, and that Aberdeen 
would not have been what it is without its University, and the people would 
not have been what they are and would not have exercised the influence 
that they have exercised if it had not been for the University which is in 
the midst of them — (cheers). 

The University has four centuries of great services behind it, I hope 
it will have a long future of prosperity — (cheers). To-day we have seen 
our Sovereign and his Consort. Delegates from every part of the British 
Empire— from England, Ireland, Canada, and other countries, both on 
this Continent and on the other side of the Atlantic, and not the least the 
Town Council and the people of Aberdeen have united in doing honour 
to the University, and wishing it prosperity and success — (cheers). Aber- 
deen Universit}^ is famous for its hospitality. That hospitality has some- 
times been exercised under difficult circumstances, and has met with 
unexpected rewards. Most of you will remember that in his introduction 
to the novel of Rob Roy Sir Walter Scott mentions that Rob Roy 
paid a visit to the University of Aberdeen. He was the guest of one of 
the professors, and he desired to return his gratitude for the hospitality 
shown him, just as we ourselves do to-day, but his gratitude took an un- 
expected form. It is recorded that he addressed his host in these words 
— " My dear kinsman, I have been thinking what I can do to show my 
sense of your hospitality. Now, you have a fine-spirited boy of a son 
whom you are spoiling by cramming him with useless book-learning, and 
I am determined by way of manifesting my great goodwill to you to take 
him with me and make a man of him " — (laughter). I am not sure whether 
the guests of the Aberdeen University will share Rob Roy's dislike of 
book-learning. I do not know whether our hosts had any idea that their 
sons would be taken off their hands, and I am here to say that if you want 
to give a boy a good education, the worst thing you could do for him 
would be to take him away from Aberdeen — (cheers). What is much 
more likely to happen is this, that many of the guests to-day will send 
their sons to Aberdeen University — (cheers). 

We join in drinking this toast to the prosperity of the University, not 
only on account of our admiration for its past, but our confidence in its 


future, and out of gratitude for the hospitality which we have received this 
week — (cheers). I am desired to couple with this toast the Principal of 
the University — a life-long personal friend and one who has shown his 
fitness for the post and never more than in the week now past — (cheers). 
I give you with all the honours the toast of " Aberdeen University ". 

The toast was received with great cheering, followed by the singing 
of "Gaudeamus". 

Principal Lang, who was loudly cheered on rising to reply, said : — 

Mr. Chancellor, your Grace, your Excellency, my ladies and gentle 
men, — On this magnificent occasion and in this magnificent assembly 
it is my privilege to respond to the toast that has been so felicitously 
proposed by Lord Balfour of Burleigh. And I cannot face this 
audience without having the recollection of the strenuous co-opera- 
tion by which the result of this day and of this evening has been 
accomplished. It is veiy easy to criticise the result, but those who know 
the process by which the result has been obtained are disposed to be less 
critical — (hear, hear). We have had days, months, and, I may almost 
say, years of preparation for the supreme hour that is now passing, and I 
cannot but acknowledge the services that have been rendered by very 
many kind friends as well as members of the University. The Lord 
Provost, whom we all con^jratulate on having received the honour of 
knighthood, has been one of our warmest supporters, and we have been 
aided by such men as Mr. Crombie, Mr. Milligan, Mr. Cooper, Dr. West- 
land ; Mr. Anderson, the librarian ; Mr. Walker and Mr. Thom, the 
secretaries of the General Committee ; and by members of the Court, the 
Senatus, the General Council and the Students' Representative Council, 
whom I cannot take time to mention. We have also had the benefit of the 
counsel of our esteemed architect, whose genius as well as his readiness to 
receive any suggestion have mightily helped to the consummation in which 
we are now rejoicing — (cheers). But, my lords and gentlemen, I do not 
forget that others besides these have helped us in past years. The service 
of Mr. Fleming has been already referred to. I do not forget also the 
service of my good friend, Mr. Walker, the late Lord Provost of the city, 
and I think some who have passed away, such as Sir William Henderson 
— (cheers) — would have rejoiced to see this day. Nor can I forget others 
whose names are in our minds, such as my revered predecessor. Sir 
William Geddes — (cheers) — and those warm friends of the University, 
the Mitchells, father and son, of the Jesmond Towers, Newcastle — (cheers). 
Many faces that have vanished, many names that we honour are present 
to our hearts this evening. But the great company here assembled re- 
minds us of the perennial vitality of our University. 


I am not going to discuss academic questions nor am I going to 
dwell upon academic topics. I am not going to refer to the retrospect 
of the University, but I would simply ask any one who questions whether 
it is of utility to the full extent that might be desired to look at this 
audience and consider its different elements. You have distinguished 
guests from other nations and other Universities; you have honorary 
graduates who have been proud to accept our degree even as we were 
proud to give it to them — (cheers) — and I ask any one — would they have 
had that pride if there had not been some credit or worth in this old 
University of Aberdeen ? — (cheers). I point to our graduates who are here 
by hundreds to-night and to our students who are here also by hundreds, 
and I ask you — would you have such an array if the gates of this Uni- 
versity had not given free and generous passage into the wide domains of 
Science and Culture ? It is not only those who are present who are 
thinking of us with unbounded gratitude; I have in my hand two 
telegrams which I received yesterday and to-day, the one from graduates 
and undergraduates in India, who send, to the number of twenty-five, their 
felicitations to the University ; and I have, only this afternoon, received 
a telegram from graduates and undergraduates in Sydney, New South 
Wales, who send their congratulations to their beloved Alma Mater ^ — 
(cheers). Now, can you think they would have done that, unless the men 
had felt that they had received that which money could not buy, the 
culture and enrichment of their mind that have helped them to be the 
men they have proved themselves to be? Be assured that the life of 
our venerable institution is vigorous and virile. When I contemplate this 
vast concourse, and when I think of all that this hall given by our noble 
Chancellor — (cheers) — represents, then I cannot but feel that through this 
hall to-night there stalks the figure of old Dominie Sampson raising his 
hands and saying " Prodigious ! " For it is a prodigious effect we see 
here. There never was such a day as this in Aberdeen before, and there 
will not be such a day as this for many a year to come. Very soon all 
shall pass away ; " these cloud-capped battlements," this gorgeous palace 
in which we are assembled shall dissolve. Shall I therefore take the 
last two lines of the quotation from Shakespeare and say — 

That like an unsubstantial pageant fading, 
It shall leave no wrack behind ? 

No, my lords and gentlemen, it shall leave behind the University itself — 
(cheers). We shall go to our work in a very few days, settling quietly 
down to it, and the memory of these glorious September days will be to 
us an unfailing inspiration, bidding us prove ourselves worthy of the confi- 
dence that has been placed in us, worthy of the inheritance that has been 
transmitted to us and worthy of the magnificent opportunity afforded to 
us — (cheers). 

^ See Appendix G, pp. 483.4, 


The toastmaster thereafter craved silence for "The Reverend the 
Rector ". 

The Rector (Sir Frederick Treves) proposed "Sister Uni- 
versities and Other Learned Institutions ". He said : — 

This is the first occasion on which I have appeared before any 
audience with the title of the reverend — (laughter). The spontaneous 
character of this banquet has extended itself to the toasts, and so enormous 
is this toast that it might very well have included the entire globe. 
One has some fear in proposing a toast of this character in a sound like 
the roar of the sea in primeval times — (laughter) — and in sight of such a 
mist as must have covered the primeval world — (laughter). I can only 
say, gentlemen, speaking to you at this table that I think that the recep- 
tion in this hall last Tuesday was about the most magnificent example of 
a toast of this character that one could find. The picture of representatives 
of every nation in Europe and of America marching by to the tune of 
their own National Anthem, was one that no person who witnessed it will 
ever forget. Before I become perfectly inaudible I will only say this, I 
assure you that there is no toast that will be drunk to-night that will be 
honoured with more sincerity and earnestness than this of our friends from 
over the seas and from all parts of the world who have done us the great 
honour of being our guests on this occasion. I give you their health with 
the very heartiest, most profound gratitude, and I couple the toast with 
the names of Professor Jackson and Professor Lanman — (cheers). 

Professor JacKSON, of Cambridge, said : — 

I thank you on behalf of the oldest universities of the world, Paris, 
Oxford, Heidelberg, and others, and I thank you for the youngest, such as 
that of my own native city of Shefifield, which became a university last 
year for the first time — (cheers). I beg you to accept this simple ex- 
pression of thanks on behalf of those great universities and great societies. 
I beg you to excuse the inadequacy of my expression of their gratitude, 
and I hope it will be understood that when we thank the Lord Rector for 
the most kind words which he has used in speaking of us, we are also ex- 
pressing our gratitude to the University of Aberdeen of which some of us 
are honorary members, and to the city of Aberdeen which has extended 
to us a splendid hospitality — (hear, hear). I believe that these few words 
are the best way in which I, who am no orator, can express our gratitude, 
and I thank you most sincerely — (cheers). 

Professor LAN MAN, of Harvard, said : — 

The temper of an occasion like this must needs be largely reminis- 
cent. In answering for the learned institutions oversea, it would be quite 


natural for me to cull from the earliest pages of our roll of honour the 
names of men who, approved and honoured by us, have been approved 
and honoured by you also. More than a quarter of a thousand years ago 
— universities, as you know, have long memories — John Glover, created 
a doctor of medicine in 1654 at Aberdeen, the very first name to bear that 
title upon the rolls of King's College, was graduated as a Bachelor in 1650 
at Harvard College. The slight debt to America, which Aberdeen then 
may have incurred, has been more than repaid meantime by philosophers 
and scientists whom you have sent to us. I need mention of the dead 
only one, Clerk Maxwell, doriun ct vetierabile nomcn I and I can well 
believe that there are few aspects of the history of your ancient foundation 
more delightful or instructive than those which concern her relations to 
her sister Universities — (cheers). The splendid solemnities of the last 
three days have thus their abiding lesson — not alone for you Aberdonians 
nor yet for us, the strangers within your gates, but for the many thousands 
who shall read, in ephemeral newspapers or in printed book, the records 
of this week. As we have listened to the eloquent words of your states- 
men and scholars and men of affairs, we have seen that that lesson is the 
lesson of unselfish public service ; and that this, and this alone, justifies the 
claim of any university, be it ancient or modern, stately or humble, to be 
received on equal footing into the world-wide sisterhood of universities — 
(cheers). We are deeply indebted to the Scottish Universities for their 
noble example in bringing what they have to offer home to the remotest 
and humblest villages of Scotland. That we should follow that example 
is a matter vital for the permanence of our American Republic — (cheers). 
And so, as we think upon those who rest from their labours, and upon you 
who yet bear the burden and heat of the day, we bring to you our hearty 
thanks and our admiring and loving congratulations — (loud cheers). 

Dr. Andrew Carnegie said : — 

Your Grace, my lords, ladies, and gentlemen, — 1 regret to say that 
I left my megaphone at home — (great laughter) — at a time when I am 
completely unable to fill this hall with my voice — (renewed laughter). 
But I have given the eloquent speech which I had prepared, and from 
which I hoped to elicit your cheers, to the myriad-mouthed Press, and you 
will read it there in full to-morrow morning. I beg to propose the toast 
of the " City of Aberdeen " — (applause) — and now that I take my seat I 
hope that I have merited your approbation for the eloquent and exceed- 
ingly short address I have ventured to inflict upon you — (loud cheers). 

Dr. Carnegie's speech was as follows : — 

I am called upon to propose the " City of Aberdeen " to which your 
visitors one and all will extend a cordial welcome as enabling them to 
give to her the assurance that their visit has been a source of deep and 


unalloyed satisfaction. Nothing could excel the perfection of the innumer- 
able details essential to a complete and successful result. Eveiy want has 
been anticipated and provided for, and your visitors will leave with a high 
estimate of your powers of organisation, my Lord Provost, as of your un- 
bounded hospitality. You had in the olden time a famous " Davie do 
a'thing," but had your task of this week devolved upon him it is to be 
feared Davie would have found one thing beyond his powers. And what 
would Davie have thought had he been called upon to erect this hall in a 
few days, and what of the man capable of conceiving the idea of having 
such a structure which would have cracked his lamp had even Aladdin 
attempted it ? The Chancellor wished to dine a few of his friends ; and 
numerous as is this company, reaching almost the three thousand, they are 
only a few of the mighty host of Strathcona friends whom to know is to 
love. But to understand his triumphs you must know the power behind 
the throne. Lady Strathcona — the special counsel, not the silent partner. 
Is it not positively amazing what the Scot can grow to imagine, undertake, 
and accomplish if caught young enough and transplanted to the stimulat- 
ing climate and conditions of Canada, the home of many of our English- 
speaking race ? The North American continent appears the most fruitful 
developing ground in the world for the human plant provided it is started 
right — that means among the heather. Whether it be a railroad across the 
continent to the Pacific, or a monster hall in Aberdeen, it's all the same 
to the transplanted Lord Chancellor, who inherits the virtues of both lands 
and the foibles of neither. Aberdeen betters the Scriptural injunction. It 
is not only not a city built upon the sand, and not only is it one built upon 
the rock, which is as far as the Scripture goes, but its structures are also 
built of the rock, and that rock, granite, surely the queen of structural 
stones, possessing rare solidity, and that reposeful dignity which accom- 
panies solidity whether it be displayed in architecture or human achieve- 
ment. Aberdeen is unique. I have seen no city in my travels with which 
it can be compared. Visitors have seen it in its gayest attire. One of the 
papers describing Union Street said it recalled "the beauty of the tombs of 
Thebes, the Cyclopean walls, the ancient temples of Greece, with the 
sparkle of gaiety of la vie Pnrisienne^\ If I were the owner of that paper 
I should keep my eye on that writer. He has a future. It is well that 
decorative expression was given to the feeling of the people upon receiving 
their King. It proves to our foreign visitors that under a democratic con- 
stitution such as Britain now possesses he is regarded as the friend of all 
his people, and in one sense because the highest placed, he is the foremost 
servant of all. His reception carries this great lesson to less happy lands 
— educate and trust the people. Aberdeen has had sad experiences with 
fire in the distant past. It was twice set on fire by King Edward the 
Third of England. To-day King Edward the First of Scotland, instead 
of using that devastating element to fire the city, so applied it as to fire 


the hearts of its people. Such is one of many blessed changes flowing 
from the providential annexation of the southern portion of the island by 
the northern. Through the peaceful consolidation of adjoining countries, a 
process until recently going rapidly forward, lies one of the surest paths to 
the reign of peace among men. Your guests have been deeply impressed 
by the spectacle of Russian and Japanese, American and Spaniard, Briton 
and Dutchman in friendly intercourse during the week, and in many cases 
forming friendships destined to become lasting. Yet most of these 
countries have recently been at war, killing each other like wild beasts 
in battle. We cannot be wrong in believing that this gathering must 
create a strong sentiment that will find expression, should danger of war 
again arise, in favour of peaceful settlement of differences by arbitration. 
Universities have no quarrels. Throughout the world they are one great 
brotherhood, all labouring to advance knowledge and elevate man. Let 
us hope that their tremendous power may be even more vigorously exerted 
than ever before to keep their respective nations in the paths of peace — a 
result towards which I trust this memorable gathering will in no small 
degree hereafter contribute. I beg to propose the " City of Aberdeen ". 

Lord Provost Sir ALEXANDER Lyon, in reply, said : — 

Your Grace, my lords, ladies, and gentlemen, — It is quite hopeless for 
me to speak to this toast to-night, but I desire to return to you my best 
thanks for having drunk this toast — (cheers). This has been a great day 
in the annals of the city of Aberdeen — a day when we have received our 
King and Queen, a day when our citizens have turned out in their thousands 
to express their loyalty, and I am sure it is a day that will never be 
forgotten — (loud cheers). I thank you all very much for the kind way in 
which you have responded to the toast — (renewed cheers). 

Sir James Stirling gave the Chancellor, and in doing so said : — 

Lord Strathcona, Chancellor of the University, has shown his interest 
in the University by his munificent generosity. Similarly this evening 
he has displayed signal munificence which must be, rather is, absolutely 
unparalleled in this city. But I ask you to honour this toast on other 
grounds ; first, by reason of his splendid munificence in aiding the com- 
pletion of the buildings which His Majesty has this day opened ; and, 
secondly, by his devoting to the service of the University the rich treasures 
of wisdom and experience which are the fruits of his long and honourable 
career ; and lastly, for the great service he has done by taking upon him- 
self, in addition to the other services he has rendered us, the burden of the 
Chancellorship at a time when he is long past the age when many of us 
feel the burden of our days becoming too heavy for us — (cheers). On all 
these grounds, I give you the toast of " The Chancellor," and I ask you 
to give it a hearty reception — (loud cheers). 


The Chancellor, replying, said : — 

Your Grace, my lords, ladies and gentlemen, — 'The proportions of 
this hall are such as we are not at all acquainted with, so that it is hardly 
possible, or very satisfactory, to reach to the one side from the other, or 
the one end from the other. But as in so many things which have had a 
commencement in Aberdeen I have no doubt that in course of time the 
good citizens here will be able to find a means for being heard anywhere 
and everywhere — (cheers). I am sure at any rate that we are all very 
greatly pleased to have been able to come here together this evening, and 
I am sure that all the guests who are here will go home with a feeling 
that it was a good thing for them to have been amongst us, as we know 
that it is a great honour and a great privilege to us to have had them 
amongst us, and again, and once again, I thank all of our friends for their 
great kindness — (cheers). 

On the call of the toastmaster the proceedings concluded with the 
singing of the National Anthem. 

14. Display of Fireworks. 
This display, provided by the Town Council, took place on the Broad 
Hill from 9 p.m. 



15. Excursions. 

"T^ XCURSIONS in the neighbourhood of Aberdeen were arranged for 
■*— ' a hmited number of the Foreign Guests, to which invitations were 
issued privately. 

The Medico-Chirurgical Society arranged an excursion to Stonehaven 
and Dunnottar Castle during the forenoon and early afternoon. The 
excursion was intended to afford to a number of the medical guests, and the 
ladies accompanying them, an opportunity of visiting scenes of interest. 

At the invitation of Mr. and Mrs. Coats of Glentanar a large number 
of delegates and other distinguished guests of the University visited Glen- 
tanar, and were entertained to lunch. The party went out by special train, 
and were driven to Glentanar, where they were received in the ball-room, 
and lunch was served in the bowling alley. After lunch the visitors were 
entertained to an exhibition of Highland dancing, which was highly 
appreciated, especially by the guests from abroad. Prior to the guests 
leaving by special train for Aberdeen on their return journey, two of the 
foreign delegates expressed to Mrs. Coats on behalf of the party their 
appreciation of her kindness in inviting them to Glentanar and giving 
them an opportunity of seeing so beautiful a specimen of a Scotch High- 
land home. 

A further party of delegates was entertained by Miss Forbes Sempill, 
Craigievar Castle, where lunch was served, and the party were shown over 
the historical castle. 

Sir David and Lady Stewart entertained a large and distinguished 

company to a garden party at Banchory House. 



1 6. Reception at the Royal Infirmary. 

At 3.30 P.M. a Reception was given by the Directors and the Medical 
Staff of the Royal Infirmary to Members of the Medical Profession at- 
tending the University Celebrations. Ex-Directors of the Infirmary and 
the Members of the present Board of Directors of Aberdeen Royal Asylum, 
as well as the Officials of the Institutions, were included among the guests. 

A marquee was erected on the lawn in front of the Administration 
Buildings, and the guests were welcomed there by Colonel Allardyce of 
Culquoich, LL.D., Chairman of the Board of Directors, after which they 
proceeded to the Wards and other Departments of the Hospital, where 
they were received by the Members of the Staff. Prior to leaving the 
Infirmary the guests returned to the marquee, where tea and other refresh- 
ments were served. 

Colonel Allardyce said : — It is a great pleasure to the Directors to 
see so many gentlemen here to-day. I am sorry the Lord Provost has not 
made his appearance. I fully expected him to be here on this occasion, 
which is the first gathering of citizens and visitors after the honour which 
has been done him. I think it right that we should offer the Lord Provost 
our congratulations, even in his absence, for the honour that has been done 
him — (applause). It is very gratifying to us all — (hear, hear). I believe 
this occasion is one which is unprecedented. I do not think it has ever 
happened before that a hospital has been visited by so many medical men, 
gathered from all parts of the world, at one time. It is a great honour 
conferred upon the Aberdeen Royal Infirmary that so many have accepted 
the invitation of the Directors and Medical Staff to meet here to-day, and 1 
consider it an especial honour that it has fallen to me to extend to you all 
the very hearty welcome of the Directors and Medical Staff of this venerable 
institution. With your permission I would give a very brief sketch of the 
history of the Royal Infirmary of Aberdeen. It was in 1739 ^^^^ the 
Town Council of that time decided to call the citizens together with a view 
of establishing an infirmary. The terms of the resolution they came to are 
rather quaint, viz. : " That those poor persons who have distemper upon 
their bodies, and such others as meet with dislocations or broken bones, 
may receive medicines and every necessary care" — (laughter). A site was 
then chosen, the Woolmanhill, described as " a convenient and well-aired 
place," and on ist January, 1740, the foundation-stone was laid. It is 
built into the present building. In 1742 the building, we have no sketch 
of it, was opened, but funds were scarce, and the modest number of four 


beds was all that could be made available. This number was shortly after 
increased to six. The original income amounted to only £$6 8s. 46. per 
annum. A matron was appointed at £4 per annum — (laughter) — and Dr. 
James Gordon was appointed physician and surgeon at ;^io los. per annum 
— he to supply all drugs, for which he was to be paid at the lowest price 
of the physicians in town — (laughter). The physicians of the city con- 
sidered that a " physic garden " would be of great use to the Infirmary; and 
a piece of ground was set apart close by the Infirmary for that purpose. 
This will show from what small beginnings our Infirmary has developed. 
I need not go into the details of how it increased as years went on. 
Enlargements were made from time to time. In 1837 the building in 
front of which we are now assembled was begun. Twenty years ago it 
was found to be quite inadequate to meet the wants of the sick poor and 
the requirements of modern methods, and the institution as it now stands, 
with separate pavilions for medical and surgical cases, was then decided 
upon. It took ten years to complete. It is this completed hospital we 
now invite you to look at. It is already far too small. It can accommo- 
date 250 cases. At the fortnightly meetings of the Directors we generally 
find that there are 70 or 80 or more patients waiting for admission. We 
live in the hope that some beneficent individuals will come forward and 
help us out of our difficulties, so as to provide accommodation suitable to 
the ever-increasing population of the city. Before you proceed to the 
various departments, where you will be received by the members of the 
staff, I have a very special request to make, and it is this, that when you 
have visited the Hospital you will all kindly return here and inscribe your 
names in a book as having visited the institution. As I have said, the 
occasion, as far at least as the Aberdeen Royal Infirmary is concerned, is a 
unique one, and we wish to possess a record of the names of all who have 
been so good as to come here to-day — (applause). I have now much 
pleasure in calling upon Dr. Taylor to say a few words. 

Dr. Frederick Taylor, Senior Physician, Guy's Hospital, said : — 
I think it a great honour, in the presence of so many distinguished physi- 
cians and surgeons not only from the British Isles but from every part 
of the world, to be called upon to respond to your welcome from the 
Aberdeen Infirmary. We all know that Aberdeen graduates in medicine 
and surgery are distributed all over the world. In such a remote part as 
London I have frequent opportunities of meeting Aberdeen graduates, and 
one knows perfectly well that they have been well trained, and with their 
experience they represent all the best traditions of medicine and surgery. 
I have had the opportunity only just now of visiting the hospital. You 
may be pleased to know that I have not been so impertinent as to visit 
the surgical ward, but I have seen the medical wards and I have been 
pleased with the aspect of them and with the comfort, abundance of space, 


and ventilation that they possess, I have not had the opportunity of 
having detailed to me any of the cures that have been effected, but I have 
not the slightest doubt they are as numerous and efficient as the)- are in 
any other part of the world — (applause). I am sorry to hear from you 
that you are not so much better off than some other hospitals in other 
parts of the kingdom, and that you do find so much difficulty in meeting 
all the requirements of the sick in this city — the same difficulty as we find 
in London, and as, I believe, is present in a great many other parts of the 
kingdom. Speaking as I do not only for the visitors who have never been 
here before but also, I take it, for a large number of Aberdeen graduates 
who are revisiting their old homes and reminding themselves not only of 
their hard work but also of their livelier moments — (laughter) — as I have 
heard just now — I have no doubt I express on their behalf most grateful 
thanks for the welcome you have given us, and for what you have promised 
us in the remaining hours of this afternoon — (applause). 

17. The University At Home in Marischal College. 

In the evening a reception was given by the University to about 
three thousand guests, who were received, from 8.30 P.M., in the 
Portrait Gallery, by the Chancellor, Rector, Principal and other University 
Officers. It was nearly midnight before the last of the guests had left 
the building. The difficulties of cloakroom accommodation were over- 
come by the construction of a huge canvas enclosure which covered 
almost half the Quadrangle. 

From the Gallery it was possible to inspect the College Buildings by 
three circuits, which might be taken in any order. 

1. Mitchell Hall and Students Union. — Starting from the Portrait 
Gallery, through the Mitchell Hall to descending staircase leading to 
Students' Union, Debating Hall, Representative Council Room, Billiard 
and Dining Rooms. 

2. North Wing. — Starting from the Portrait Gallery, or head of 
main staircase, through the Anthropological Museum to the departments 
of Surgery, Botany and Pathology. Exit by central door and return to 
main entrance. 

3. South Wing, also approached from the Portrait Gallery, head of 
main staircase, or door half-way up right main staircase, containing the 



departments of Zoology (where Addresses presented by Delegates were 
exhibited), Forensic Medicine and Natural Philosophy. Also to the New 
Buildings, embracing the Science and Law Libraries, Court Room, and 
the departments of Geology, Physiology, Medicine, Agriculture, etc. 
Return direct by Materia Medica department, or by Natural Philosophy 
and Materia Medica. Exit by central door, and return to main staircase. 
Guests who completed any one of these circuits might ascend the 
main staircase, from which there was access to North and South wings, 
or they might enter the Students' Union by the ground floor, proceeding 
thence to the Mitchell Hall. The ground floor (only) of the North wing 
(Botany and Pathology) might be approached by a small entrance at the 
extremity of the North colonnade. 

Lectures and Devionstrations — 

9.0 onwards. — In the Pathology Lecture Room, North Wing, Professor 
Ramsay showed Lantern Slides to illustrate: "The 
most remarkable Ancient Monuments of Central Asia 
Minor, and the search for them "; and "Picturesque 
Scenes on the line of the Bagdad Railway ". 

9.0 onwards. — Pathological Department, North Wing. Professor Hamil- 
ton's Demonstration in Pathology. 

9.0 onwards. — Natural Philosophy Department, South ^Ving. Professor 

Niven's Demonstrations in Physics. 
9.15 and 9.45. — Materia Medica Lecture Room, South AV'ing. Ex-Baillie 
Kemp's Lecture — " Vanishing Aberdeen ". 

Music. — 8.30-9.30 P.M. — Mr, J. M. Nisbet, Organist of Marischal 
College, played the following Programme of Music on the Organ in the 
Mitchell Hall:— 

1. Overture 

2. Gavotta 

3. Concerto 

4. Mitiuet in F Mi?ior 

5. Scherzo 

6. Chant sans Paroles 

7. March 

Die Zauberfiote " 

" Inipcrial " 


Martini (1706-84). 


Mendelssohn {pp. 6). 

W. S. Hoyte. 




9.30 P.M. — Mrs. Jafifray's Band performed in the Mitchell Hall, and 
Selections were also given by the Aberdeen Amateur Pipe Band : — 

Borel- Clcrc. 

March ... 
March ... 
Reel ... 



" La Mattchiche " 

" Duchess of Dantzig " 

" The Battle of Tel-el-Kebir " 

"The Marquis of Huntly's" 

" Reel of Tulloch " 

The Aberdeen Amateur Pipe Band. 

" Reminiscences of Wagner " 

Dances from the incidental music in^ 


^' \ " Henry VIIL" / 

[a) Morris Dance. {b) Shepherd's Dance. (c) Morris Dance. 

6. Slow March ... " Sir Hector Macdonald's Coronach " 

The Aberdeen Amateur Pipe Band. 

7. American Sketches — 
{a) " Lumb'rin' Luke " 
ip') " Laughing Water " 




" Cingalee " 



" The Wee Laddie at the Loom " 


" Maids of Islay " 

Reel ... 


The Aberdeen Amateur Pipe Band 


Waltz ... 

" Gold and Silver " 


March ... 


God Save The King. 



The arrangements connected with the Marischal College At Home 
were under the general supervision of Professor Cash. 

FRIDA Y,2?>TH SEPTEMBER {Continued). 
1 8. The Students' Symposium. 

THE Quatercentenary Celebrations were brought to a close by a Stu- 
dents' Symposium held in the Music Hall. The Symposium, which 
began at 9.30 P.M., was presided over by Mr. A. R. Williamson, President of 
the Students' Representative Council. The students were seated at numer- 
ous tables set out in the body of the hall, and on a dais near the platform 
were seated the principal guests, including the Chancellor, the Rector, the 
Principal, Sir Henry Craik, Mr. J. E. Crombie, and many of the Delegates. 

The Chairman, on behalf of the Students' Representative Council, ex- 
tended a hearty welcome to the students and said he hoped they had 
enjoyed themselves the previous night — (cries of " Oh, oh ! " and laughter). 
He also hoped they would enjoy themselves that night in what the news- 
papers described as " their own peculiar fashion" — whatever that might 
mean — (laughter). 

Sir Frederick Treves, who was received with loud cheers, said he was 
very much pleased to have that last opportunity of speaking to them that 
night before going south, and he should have been very sorry to have lost 
that opportunity. He might say that he was to some extent a haunted 
man — (laughter). He was haunted by a most respectable and genial 
gentleman of the name of Williamson — (laughter). He was very proud 
to represent the students of that great Universit)'- — (cheers). Any man 
in the country would be proud of the position, and he must say that he 
had been immensely impressed with the magnificent manner in which the 
students had conducted themselves during the celebrations— (cheers). It 
had been dignified and admirable, and the services that the students had 
rendered to those answerable for the celebrations had been beyond words 
— (cheers). Practically the applause that the people might have supposed 
was directed towards the National Anthem, was directed to the stately 
students with the white wands who walked up and down the long line 
of platform, and were the most impressive figures in the procession — 



(laughter). He need not tell them that whatever they might feel they 
owed in connection with the celebrations, they owed to his dear friend 
Mr. Crombie, the assessor — (loud cheers). He had been associated with 
students all his life, and he had never met a man who was more closely 
in touch with the students and who knew their feelings and wishes better 
than Mr. Crombie — (loud cheers). In discussing in London the prepara- 
tions that should be made, he knew perfectly well what would come from 
Mr. Crombie — "Don't forget the students" — and he (Sir Frederick) 
thought he could say Mr. Crombie had not forgotten the students — 
(cheers). He sincerely hoped they would give them the credit of having 
done the best they could for so large a body of men — (cheers) — and before 
leaving that delightful part of the country he wished without any attempt 
at flattery to convey to them in the north the extraordinary admiration 
that they in the south had for everything connected with the north of 
Scotland — (cheers). They must not think he was saying that to please 
them. He was saying it in a certain sense to please himself, because they 
were a very enthusiastic people, he was glad to say, and coming as he did 
from the extreme south of England — a native of Dorset, he thought they 
might fancy they knew little of the Highlands of Scotland. Scotland in 
the southern mind was associated with the Highlands ; the rest of Scot- 
land south of that, he did not think they knew much about. There was 
great admiration for the magnificent and wonderful scenery of this country, 
which was absolutely characteristic of the people. There were no inhabi- 
tants of these islands who could boast of the pertinacity, the determination, 
and the good sound common sense of the inhabitants of the north of Scot- 
land — (cheers). There were many things admired amongst them, and 
they envied the clannishness of the Highlanders — (cheers). He wished 
to goodness they had something of it in the south — (cheers). It was an 
admirable thing in every possible respect, and he wished they could have 
Gordons, Dunbars and Farquharsons in the south of England, because 
whenever he came across men of old Scottish names he was struck with 
the extraordinary feeling of clannishness that held them all together — 
(cheers). It was a very fine thing, and he hoped it would never die out 
in this country. He knew nothing more picturesque than the Highland 
costume — (cheers). He supposed next to it would come the costume — 
not very familiar in these parts — 'Of a fully dressed Chinaman in his mag- 
nificent blue robes, and he would give the third place to the native of 
Burmah, but certainly as far as was concerned they must 
place first the Highlander — (cheers). He must say, speaking perhaps 
from a medical point of view, he really admired — he would not say ad- 
mired — he was interested in the extraordinary immunity that that com- 
munity appeared to possess against the effects of alcohol — (laughter). He 
knew there must be medical students present, and there were some 
persons who were what were called immune — (laughter). What he had 


seen in other parts of the Highlands — not here, of course — was what a 
ghillie, for example, could consume in the matter of whisky without any 
effect whatever — (laughter). That had led him to believe that there must 
be certain beings in this part of the world who were really immune, and 
had become physiologically immune — (laughter). He looked upon that 
quality as a positive gift — (laughter). He saw they were all drinking 
lemonade — (laughter). Once in South Africa when the weather was very 
hot and they were bivouacking after an engagement with the temperature 
103 in the shade, he found a man who was bowled over by the heat. He 
(Sir Frederick) asked what he could do for him, and the man replied that 
he would like to have his body in a pool and his head in a refreshment bar 
— (great laughter). He (Sir Frederick) thought the man might very well 
have added, in a sort of postscript, " I should like to have in addition that 
immunity against the ill effect of stimulants which appears to hold good 
in certain parts of the north of Scotland " — (cheers). He was also re- 
minded of this story, which of course might not be true, and it evidently 
originated in the mind of persons ignorant of the country. Two natives 
of Scotland, Sir Frederick proceeded, visited Paris for the first time, and 
had been informed that the national drink of the French was champagne, 
and so, wishing to be entirely in touch with the people of the country, and 
feeling that they ought to do in Rome as the Romans did, ordered cham- 
pagne for dinner. There were only two of them, and the)' ordered three 
bottles of champagne, which they consumed — (laughter). When the third 
bottle was empty one gentleman said to the other, " Donald, I really think 
we ought to have some whisky — (laughter). I am told that these French 
aerated waters are very lowering " — (laughter). In conclusion, Sir Fred- 
erick expressed the pleasure he had in meeting them, and in representing 
them at the University. He bade them good-bye with the greatest possible 
reluctance, and wished them all ver}/ good fortune — (loud cheers). 

Mr. J. E. Crombie, who was received with loud cheers, said he was very 
glad indeed to be present there that evening, and assured them that their 
Symposium had been looked forward to with very deep interest indeed. 
He thought the Symposium had created almost more interest and excite- 
ment, amongst a certain class of the community, than some of the great 
functions in which the}' had taken part — (laughter). He knew that among 
the lady portion of the community at all events there had been enormous 
anxiety and interest to know what a Students' Symposium was — (laughter). 
He had been asked that at all times of the day, and the ladies blushed 
when they asked what it was, and he (Mr. Crombie) blushed when he 
answered them — (laughter). It was twenty-fi\'e years since he learned 
Greek, and he had forgotten it pretty much since that time — (laughter). 
A Symposium seemed to be a very jovial and enjoyable gathering, and he 
regretted very much that they were not invented when he was a student 


— (cheers). Sir Frederick had referred to him as his assessor. Would 
they allow him to thank them for the honour they had conferred on him 
in electing him as assessor ? He had served three Lord Rectors now, and 
they would permit him to say that he was exceedingly proud that they had 
brought him in contact with them. The first Rector he met was Lord 
Strathcona — (loud cheers) — the next was Lord Ritchie — (cheers) — and 
now the last but not least was Sir Frederick Treves — (cheers). He as- 
sured them he appreciated very deeply being brought into contact with 
men like these. It was not every one who had had the opportunities he 
had had in that respect, and he was very deeply grateful to the students 
of Aberdeen for the honour they had conferred on him, and for the benefit 
they had given him in meeting men of that stamp — (cheers). He would 
look back with the greatest pleasure and happiness to what they had done 
for him in bringing him in contact with those gentlemen. Sir Frederick, 
in his speech, had referred to what the University owed to the students. 
Perhaps they would allow him to homologate every word Sir Frederick 
had said. He did not know where they would have been but for the 
student ushers — (cheers). Their services had been invaluable, and they 
did their duty in a very admirable and excellent way. In conclusion, Mr. 
Crombie again thanked the students for the great kindness and assistance 
they had rendered at a most critical and difficult time in the University's 
history — (cheers). He would never forget their kindness, which would 
live long in his memory, and he would look back on the days with which 
he had been connected with the University as the happiest and most 
honourable in his life — (cheers). 

Professor White, Penn.sylvania, was the next speaker, and in the course 
of a humorous speech, said he was glad to be in an atmosphere where he 
felt at home. Their gathering was to him exceedingly interesting, and 
he might very well be talking at Philadelphia that night — (cheers). He 
really felt that that atmosphere was sympathetic, and he was not sorry 
to have a chance to .say that the last few weeks that he had been motoring 
through this country, for the first time, it made him positivel}' have an af- 
fection for Scotland — for the country and the scenery, and, he might say, 
the people — which was only second to the love and affection which he had 
for his own country — (cheers). He said to his wife the other day that he 
regretted they had so long put off their visit to the Highlands, and he 
hoped that he would be able to come back many times more. He had 
never seen a .series of functions more admirably conducted in every respect ; 
he had never .seen guests more hospitably entertained ; he had never seen 
people as hosts more anxious to — (cheers). Why Sir Frederick 
should have been so afraid of some misbehaviour on the part of the 
students he could not understand — (laughter). Sir Frederick had re- 
peatedly mentioned it to him, and going home last night .said how wonder- 


fully well the students had behaved — (laughter). What his (Sir Frederick's) 
recollection of his own behaviour was he did not know — (great laughter 
and " Oh ! "). He cordially agreed with Sir Frederick that their behaviour 
was certainly beyond criticism. He felt he was now an alumnus of the 
University of Aberdeen, and was proud to think it, and it gave him really 
great pleasure to have the chance to say that he wished the same success 
to them as Sir Frederick did, and hoped to have the pleasure of seeing 
them many times again — (cheers). 

Principal Peterson, Montreal, in the course of a brief address, said he 
felt greatly honoured in being asked to address the students on that 
occasion. He had had great pleasure in taking a part in the great festival 
in connection with the celebration of the Quatercentenary of Aberdeen 
University, and the opening of the new buildings — (applause). He was 
highly gratified at the part the students had taken in the celebrations. 
The most important part of the University was the students. If there 
were no students there would be no use for the University — (laughter and 
applause). It was a great pleasure to realise the great qualifications the 
Aberdeen students had brought to bear upon that festival, and he was 
sure that without their co-operation the festival would have taken a very 
different aspect — (applause). He might be allowed to congratulate the 
students on the great development of the student in Scotland within the 
last twenty years. He was pleased to know what they had been able 
to do in the way of keeping the students of the various Scotch Universities 
in touch with each other. There was one thing they should continuously 
remember, and that was that they belonged to a great Empire. It was 
only from time to time that his friends in this country seemed to realise 
the greatness of their position. He would say to those present that if 
any of them ever went to any of the universities in the Colonies — certainly 
if they went to those of Canada — they would find at any of those uni- 
versities a union, such as theirs, where they would be received with en- 
thusiasm and cordiality by the students — (applause). 

Professor Mahaffy, Dublin, gave a humorous address, in the course of 
which he said that when he saw the splendid facilities for education in 
Aberdeen he came to the conclusion that the students were too diligent 
and spent too much of their time studying books and making experiments 
— ^(laughter and applause). Referring to the celebrations of Thursda)', 
Professor Mahaffy said he had the pleasure of going through the streets 
through that most gigantic crowd and he was glad to say that he did not 
see a single drunken man. He did not see any of those incidents which 
disgrace the streets of other cities and the crowd was the most orderly 
and respectable he ever saw in his life — (applause). 

Mr. Maarten Maartens spoke briefly, and told several humorous stories. 
He wished them and the University, he said, God-speed in their work — 


Sir Henry Craik, M.P., expressed his pleasure at being present. He 
had one apology to make, and that was for not being a student of 
Aberdeen University. He spoke to them with more intimacy on that 
occasion than most of their guests could assume, because he was there as 
their representative in Parliament and their humble servant. One 
thought which had impressed him during this week was how could he be 
worthy to represent such a University as that, how could he rise by any 
possibility to the heights of that position as representative of one of the 
most important constituencies ? He was proud of his constituency before, 
and he was ten times prouder that night. Some of them, he hoped not 
the majority of them, might think the University of Aberdeen had made 
one mistake in the selection of its member. Some of them as students 
and graduates would be his future constituents, and it would lie with them 
to correct that mistake in future if it were a mistake. He hoped, however, 
with some confidence, that they would remain faithful to one another — 
(applause). He could only say that apart from politics they were his 
brothers and his friends, and to the best of his strength and his ability he 
would serve them with whatever vigour he had. Whenever they came 
to London, if they asked for their member, they would have his instant, 
obedient, and ready service — (applause). If any unhallowed hand were 
laid on the rights of the University, or if any niggardliness were shown in 
anything affecting it, one voice, at least, would be raised in the Parliament 
of Great Britain on behalf of its august rights — (applause). He thanked 
them for having placed him in the proudest position a Scotch student 
could place any one. He would accept their verdict in the future with 
gratitude for the position in which they had already placed him. He 
hoped they might become close and intimate friends, and he thanked 
them for their kindness and hospitality. 

Mr. Wallen, Christiania, spoke on behalf of the Norwegian delegates. 
These delegates came to x'\berdeen as first cousins of the students here, 
but after the past five days they felt like brothers — (applause). They had 
always heard that there was a prejudice against foreigners. If that was 
so he would like to see what their welcome was without the prejudice — 
(laughter and applause). He was sure the reception the delegates had 
received was unsurpassed, and on their behalf he offered the students their 
hearty and sincere thanks for all the hospitality received. They would 
never forget the happy days they had spent in Aberdeen — (applause). 

Mr. J. Hastings Edwards acknowledged Mr. Wallen's remarks on 
behalf of the students. 

Mr. Menten, Leyden University, thereafter presented the following 
address : — 


" To Students' Representative Council of Aberdeen University, — The 
Leyden Students' Court, in answer to the hospitable invitation of the 
Students' Representative Council of Aberdeen, has appointed Mr. F. C. 
Deking Dura and Mr. E. E. Menten to represent it at the celebrations of 
the 400th anniversary of the foundation of the University of Aberdeen. 
It desires them, in the name of the students of the oldest University in 
the Low Countries, to express their kindly feeling towards their brothers 
in Scotland and to thank them on an occasion interesting as well to history 
as to science, and to do homage to a University which for 400 years has 
done so much to preserve and increase the glory of a famous land." 

He asked them to give three hearty cheers for the Students' Repre- 
sentative Council of Aberdeen — (applause). 

Mr. James Donaldson accepted the address on behalf of the students, 

and a very hearty evening was brought to a close by the singing of 

Aiild Lang Syne. 


SO far as I could see, the Aberdeen University celebrations were that most 
rare thing in the world — a complete success. There appeared to be 
no hitch and no flaw. For this triumph various conditions were needed 
and were granted. 

Even those of us who truly love Aberdeen, speak about its climate in 
a discriminating and cautious manner. We say that it is much better than 
the climate of Edinburgh, and, as a rule, we do not go further. The chief 
danger of the celebrations was the weather, and though, no doubt, in any 
circumstances they would have been carried through with spirit, rain would 
have marred them. But from first to last the weather was perfection. 
Over our heads was the clear, blue sky of the north seen so rarely, and the 
sting of the bracing air put heart and life into every one, and carried the 
delegates and visitors through their arduous labour. So glorious was the 
atmosphere that a Russian delegate said : '* I have heard bad accounts of the 
Aberdeen climate, but I am convinced that it has been grossly maligned. 
I mean to bring my wife and daughter here in March." This announce- 
ment was heard in silence. 

Another element of success was the perfect organisation of everything. 
I do not know whether I should say it, but it seemed to me that every- 
thing was managed with Japanese skill. The plans were long thought 
out, and they were considered to the very last detail. The students co- 
operated splendidly with the authorities, and the result was a magnificent 
series of functions, every one of which passed off to the satisfaction of all. 
There may have been complaints about tickets, but there was a limit to 

the numbers who could possibly be accommodated, and I am afraid to say 



how many would have attended if they had been gjven the chance. For 
the whole north of Scotland was looking on with eager sympathy. I may 
say that the city more than lived up to its ancient renown for generous and 
thoughtful hospitality, and every delegate I saw was loud in praise of his 

Then town and gown worked in splendid accord. There has always 
been in Aberdeen an unusually close connection between the city and the 
University. It has been the glory of the University that it has drawn its 
students from all classes. At a small country station in Aberdeenshire 
I talked lately with the station-master. He told me he had one son who 
had just taken his medical degree at Aberdeen, and another who was 
studying. The civic authorities took their rightful place in the ceremony. 
The present Lord Provost — now by favour of the King Sir Alexander 
Lyon — is a man of fine bearing and strong personality. He showed him- 
self to be an admirable speaker, fully alive to academic interests. Sir 
Alexander's predecessor, ex-Lord Provost Fleming, had a great share in 
raising the funds necessary for the new buildings, and it is hoped that he 
will yet receive a well-deserved recognition of his work. The leading 
members of the Town Council were conspicuous at various functions, and 
one of them was pronounced by certain ladies of our company to be 
the handsomest man in the gatherings! The streets were very richly 
decorated, and the display of colours showed grandly against the grey 
granite. Union Street, one of the noblest streets in the world, was a 
marvellous sight. The new buildings themselves were universally ad- 
mired. They show the architect to be a man of genius in his way, for 
surely granite was never treated to such purpose. The effect in moonlight 
especially, when the towers seem virgin white, is most remarkable. I will 
clench the matter by a testimony from a gentleman of Stonehaven who 
walked from one end of Union Street to the other and then declared : 
" Steenhive couldna' have done better ". The citizens had evidently re- 
solved to enjoy themselves, and the expression on almost every face was 
disengaged and blithe. 


Another fact of the triumph was the great popularity of the leading 
figures, the Chancellor, Lord Strathcona, the Rector, Sir Frederick Treves, 
and the Principal, Dr. Marshall Lang. Before Lord Strathcona became 
Chancellor, the Chancellorship was a mere name. The Chancellor of my 
time took no interest in the University, and did nothing save to meddle 
once in a foolish way with the Rectorial election. Lord Strathcona's 
liberality has been unbounded, and he has taken the keenest interest alike 
in the erection and equipment of the new buildings, and in the ceremonies 
of their opening. He built for the occasion a wooden hall which accommo- 
dates between 4,000 and 5,000 people. There was genuine and wise kind- 
ness in this action. For one thing, it enabled many to have a share in 
the celebration who could not otherwise have been present. For another, 
it gave Lord Strathcona an opportunity of entertaining some 2,500 guests. 
If it had not been for this, no satisfactory provision could have been made 
for multitudes who had a real claim to share in the festivities. Lord 
Strathcona is indeed a wonder. Though he bears the burden of eighty- 
six years, he is as erect as ever, as keen, as alert, as eager as the youngest. 
He speaks with great fluency, but his voice was scarcely strong enough 
to carry over the immense buildings in which he had to use it. Neverthe- 
less, his speeches, when read, are seen to be graceful in style, and full of 
wisdom. A famous Irish delegate said to me after the Music Hall 
gathering : " I was most interested in Strathcona j he is a powerful old 

To the Rector, Sir Frederick Treves, the University owes perhaps 
more than it knows, for he has a deserved influence with the King. Sir 
Frederick is a good speaker, and can tell a story well. From first to last 
he was indefatigable. 

Principal Marshall Lang came to a difficult position, but he has more 
than conquered every difficulty. The Principal has that irresistible charm 
of manner which comes from an inner fountain of sympathy and kindness. 
He combines the dignity which fits his position with an entire absence of 
pretension. He has devoted himself with a single heart to the interests 



of the University, and he has brought all parties into perfect harmony. 
The honourable but trying duties of the occasion were fulfilled by him to 
the delight of all. Dr. Lang has a natural gift of oratory which he has 
carefully cultivated, and his speeches were models of their kind. They 
were delivered with perfect ease and freedom, and were really eloquent. 
No more popular Principal has ever presided over any University. 

W. Robertson Nicoll. 






The Right Hon. Sir Donald Alexander Smith, first Baron StrathcONA 
AND Mount Royal, G.CM.G., F.R.S., D.C.L. Oxon. ; LL.D. 
Cantab., Yale, Aberd., Glasg., Manch., Kingston.^ Rector of the 
University, 1899 to 1902 ; Chancellor of the University, 1903. 

[The office dates from the foundations of the two Universities : 
the early chancellors of University and King's College being the 
Bishops of Aberdeen ; of Marischal College and University, the 
Earls Marischal. Under the Universities (Scotland) Act of 1858, 
the Chancellor is elected by the General Council.] 


The Very Reverend the Principal. 

[The office dates from the Act of 1858, under which the Chan- 
cellor is empowered to appoint a Vice-Chancellor, who hitherto has 
invariably been the Principal.] 


Sir Frederick Treves, Bart., G.C.V.O., C.B., LL.D. Aberd., F.R.C.S. ; 

Serjeant Surgeon to the King. Elected Rector, 1905. 

[The office dates from the foundations of the Universities. The 
method of election by the four nations of matriculated students is regu- 
lated by ordinances of the Commissioners under the Universities 
(Scotland) Acts of 1858 and 1889.] 

The Very Rev. John Marshall Lang,^ D.D., LL.D. Glasg. Appointed 

1 LL.D., Dublin, 1907. ^c.V.O., 9th November, 1906. 



[The office dates from the foundations of the Universities. By 
an ordinance of the Commissioners under the Act of 1858, the 
Principal is appointed by the Crown.] 

Parliamentary Representative. 

Sir Henry Craik, K.C.B., M.A. Oxon. ; LL.D. Glasg. and St. And. 
Elected 1906. 

[The office dates from 1868, when the Representation of the 
People (Scotland) Act conferred the franchise on the General 
Councils of the Universities of Glasgow and Aberdeen conjointly.] 

The University Court. 

[This body dates from the Act of 1858. Its constitution was 
altered and its powers were greatly extended by the Act of 1889.] 

The Rector, ex officio : President. 

The Principal, ex officio. 

The Lord Provost of Aberdeen, ex officio : ALEXANDER Lyon.^ 

Alexander Morison Gordon : assessor nominated by the Chancellor. 

James Edward Crombie, M.A* Aberd. : " assessor nominated by the 

Alexander Wilson : assessor nominated by the Town Council of 

Angus Eraser, M.A., M.D., LL.D. Aberd. 
William Dey, M.A., LL.D. Aberd. i Assessors elected by 

David Littlejohn, LL.D. Aberd. j ' the General Council. 

Albert Westland, M.A., M.D. Aberd. 

Professor Harrower. 

Professor KENNEDY. . i ^ j u 4.1 c * 

T, f Tjr , V Assessors elected by the Senatus. 

Proiessor Hav. | "^ 

Professor Reid. 

The Senatus Academicus. 

[This body, under varying names, dates from the early days of 
both Universities. Its constitution and powers were defined by the 
Acts of 1858 and 1889. Its members are grouped in Faculties of 
Arts, Science, Divinity, Law, and Medicine.] 

The Principal, ex officio : President. 

William Stephenson, M.D. Edin. : Professor of Midwifery since 1875. 

' Knight Bachelor, 27th September, 1906. 
2 LL.D. Aberd., gth April, 1907. 


[Chair founded i860 by Commissioners under 1858 Act. 
Patron : the Crown.] 

James William Helenus Trail, M.A., M.D. Aberd. ; F.R.S.: Pro- 
fessor of Botany since 1877. 

[Chair founded i860 by Commissioners under 1858 Act. 

Patron : the Crown.] 
Charles Niven, M.A. Aberd. and Cantab,, D.Sc. Queen's Univ. ; 

F.R.S. : Professor of Natural Philosophy since 1880. 

[Chair represents a Regency founded in King's College by Bishop 

Elphinstone in 1505 (and assigned to Natural Philosophy in 1800); 

and a Regency founded in Marischal College by the Town Council 

in 1620 (and assigned to Natural Philosophy in 1753). Patron: 

the University Court.] 
David James Hamilton, M.B. Edin. : ^ Professor of Pathology since 


[Chair founded by Sir Erasmus Wilson in 1882. Patron : the 

Alexander Ogston, M.D., CM. Aberd.; LL.D. Glasg. ; Surgeon in 

Ordinary to H.M. the King in Scotland : Professor of Surgery 

since 1882. 

[Chair founded by the Crown in Marischal College, 1839. 

Patron : the Crown.] 
Matthew Hay, M.D. Edin. : Professor of Forensic Medicine [Medi- 
cal Jurisprudence and Public Health] since 1883. 

[Chair founded (as Medical Logic and Medical Jurisprudence) 

by Alexander Henderson of Caskieben, M.D. in Marischal College, 

1857. Patron : the University Court.] 
John Harrower, M.A. Aberd. and Oxon. : Professor of Greek since 


[Chair represents a Regency founded by Bishop Elphinstone in 

1505 (and assigned to Greek in 1700); and a Regency founded by 

Earl Marischal in 1593 (and assigned to Greek about 17 17). Patron : 

the Crown.] 
William Mitchell Ramsay,'-^ M.A. Aberd. and Oxon. ; D.C.L. Oxon. ; 

LL.D. St. And. and Glasg.; Litt.D. Cantab. ; D.D. Edin.; F.B.A. : 

Professor of Humanity [Latin] since 1886. 

' LL.D. Edin., 1907. 

^ Knight Bachelor, gth November, 1906. 


[Chair represents the office of Humanist founded by Bishop 
Elphinstone in 1505 : and the Professorship of Humanity founded by 
the Crown in Marischal College, 1839. Patron : the Crown.] 
John Alexander MacWilliam, M.D. Aberd. : Professor of Physiology 
since 1886. 

[Chair founded 1800 (as Institutes of Medicine) by Commis- 
sioners under 1858 Act. Patron : the Crown.] 
John Theodore Cash, M.D. Edin. ; F.R.S.: Professor of Materia 
Medica since 1886. 

[Chair founded i860 by Commissioners under 1858 Act. Patron : 
the Crown.] 

Henry Cowan, M.A., B.D. Edin.; D.D. Aberd.: Professor of Divinity 
and Church History since 1889. 

[Chair represents two chairs in Marischal College, viz.^ Divinity 
founded by Mr. Patrick Copland in 16 16, and Church History 
founded by the Crown in 1833. Patron : the Crown.] 

Robert William Reid, M.D. Aberd. ; F".R.C.S. : Professor of Anatomy 
since 1889. 

[Chair founded by the Crown in Marischal College, 1839. 
Patron : the Crown.] 

Francis Robert Japp, M.A., LL.D. St. And.; F.R.S. : Professor of 
Chemistry since 1890. 

[Chair founded by Mrs. Barbara Blackwell in Marischal College, 
1793. Patron: the University Court.] 

David White Finlay, B.A., M.D. Glasg.; LL.D. Yale; F.R.C.P.: 
Professor of Medicine since 1891. 

[Chair represents the office of Medicus founded by Bishop 
Elphinstone in 1505, and is the most ancient professorial endowment 
for instruction in medicine in Great Britain. A chair of Medicine 
was founded by William, ninth Earl Marischal, in 1700. Patron : 
the Crown.] 

Herbert John Clifford Grierson, M.A. Aberd. ; B.A. Oxon. : Pro- 
fessor of English Literature since 1894. 

[Chair founded in 1893 under bequest by Mr. John Gray 
Chalmers. Patron : the Crown.] 

James Gilroy, M.A., B.D. Aberd. : ^ Professor of Hebrew and Semitic 
Languages since 1895. 

1 D.D. St. And., 1907. 


[Chair founded in King's College by the Masters, 1673 i '" 
Marischal College by Rev. Gilbert Ramsay, 1727. Patron: the 
William Leslie Davidson, M. A., LL.D. Aberd.: Professor of Logic 
[Logic and Metaphysics] since 1895. 

[Chair founded in i860 by Commissioners under 1858 Act, 
Patron : the Crown.] 
John Arthur Thomson, M.A. Edin. : Professor of Natural History 
since 1899. 

[Chair represents a Regency founded by Earl Marischal in 1593 
(and assigned to Civil and Natural History in 1753). Patron : the 
Thomas Nicol, M.A, Aberd,; B,D., D.D. Edin.: Professor of Divinity 
and Biblical Criticism since 1899, 

[Chair founded in i860 by Commissioners under 1858 Act. 
Patron : the Crown.] 
Neil John Downie Kennedy, M.A, Aberd. ; LL,D, Edin. : Professor 
of Law since 1901.^ 

[Chair represents the office of Civilist, founded by Bishop Elphin- 
stone, 1505. Patron: the University Court] 
James Black Baillie, M.A. Edin. and Cantab.; D.Phil. Edin.: 
Professor of Moral Philosophy since 1902. 

[Chair represents a Regency founded by Bishop Elphinstone in 
1505 (and assigned to Moral Philosophy in 1800); and a Regency 
founded by Earl Marischal in 1593 (and assigned to Moral Philo- 
sophy in 1753). Patron: the Crown.] 
Charles Sanford Terry, M.A. Cantab. : Professor of History and 
Archaeology since 1903. 

[Chair founded by the University Court in 1903 with funds 
provided by John Burnett's Trustees, Mrs. Mary E. Fletcher, the 
Carnegie Trustees and the Aberdeen University Endowment As- 
sociation. Patron: the University Court.] 
William Alexander Curtis, M.A., B.D, Edin. : Professor of Syste- 
matic Theology since 1903, 

[The Principal of Elphinstone's foundation, 1505, taught Theo- 
logy : a distinct Professorship was founded by Bishop Patrick Forbes 
in 1620. Patrons : The Moderator of the Synod of Aberdeen, sixteen 
representatives of its Presbyteries and three representatives of the 
Senatus, who subject candidates for the Chair to examination.] 

' K.C., 1st October, 1906; Sheriff of Renfrew and Bute, 1907. 


Hector Munro Macdonald, M.A. Aberd. and Cantab. ; F.R.S. : 
Professor of Mathematics since 1904. 

[Chair represents a Regency founded by Bishop Elphinstone in 
1505 (and assigned to Mathematics in 1800), and a Professorship 
founded by Duncan Liddell in Marischal College, 161 3. Patron: 
the University Court,] 

Permanent Officials. 

Robert Walker, M.A. Aberd. and Cantab. : ^ Secretary of University 
Court, Registrar and Clerk of General Council since 1877. 

Peter John Anderson, M.A. Aberd. ; LL.B. Edin. : Librarian since 

Donaldson Rose Thom, M.A. Aberd. -. Secretary of Senatus and Fac- 
ulties'^ since 1894. 

Alexander Marshall Mackenzie,^ A.R.S.A. : Surveyor of buildings, 

Andrew Davidson, M.A. Aberd. : Auditor. 

University Lecturers. 

Robert Blyth Greig: Lecturer on Agriculture since 1902. 

[Lectureship founded in Marischal College, 1836, under a be- 
quest by Sir William Fordyce,] 
James Duguid, M,A. Aberd.: Lecturer on Conveyancing since 1895. 

[Lectureship instituted by University Court, 1892.] 
WnxiAM SCHOLLE, Ph.D. Strassburg: Lecturer on French since 1893. 

[Lectureship instituted by University Court, 1893.] 
John Clarke, M.A., Queen's Univ., Ireland : Lecturer on Education since 

[Lectureship instituted by University Court, 1893.] 
Alfred Macleod: Lecturer on Elocution since 1894. 

[Lectureship instituted by University Court, 1894.] 
James Hendrick, B.Sc. Lond. : Lecturer on Agricultural Chemistry 

since 1896. 

[Lectureship instituted by University Court, 1896.] 
James Lewis McIntyre, M.A., D.Sc. Edin.; B.A, Oxon. : Lecturer 
on Comparative Psychology since 1899. 

^ LL.D. Aberd., gth April, 1907. 

2 Clerk of General Council, 1907. 

^ Secretary and Treasurer of the University, 1907. 

^LL.D. Aberd., 26th September, 1906. 


[Lectureship founded 1896, under a bequest by Rev. William 
Anderson, LL.D. Edin.] 
James McLauchlan Young: Lecturer onVeterinary Hygiene since 1897. 

[Lectureship instituted by University Court, 1897.] 
George Cruden, M.A. Aberd, : Lecturer on Physical Training since 

[Lectureship instituted by University Court, 1899.] 
George Archibald Maconachie, M.D. Aberd.: Lecturer on Tropical 
Medicine since 1899. 

[Lectureship instituted by University Court, 1899.] 
Walter Hamilton Moberly, B.A. Oxon. : Lecturer on Political 

[Lectureship founded by University Court, 1901.] 
Stanley HorsFALL Turner, M.A. Glasg. : Lecturer on Political 
Economy since 1904. 

[Lectureship founded by University Court, 1902.] 
John Lees, M.A., D.Litt Edin.: Lecturer on German since 1903. 

[Lectureship founded by University Court, 1903.] 
Alexander Blacklaw, M.A. Aberd.: Lecturer on Procedure and 
Evidence since 1904. 

[Lectureship founded by Trustees of Mr. John Clark, 1904.] 
William Robert Macdonell, M.A., LL.D. Aberd.: Lecturer on 
Statistical Methods since 1906. 

[Lectureship instituted by University Court, 1906.] 

University Assistants with Status of Lecturers. 

Alfred William Gibb, M.A., B.Sc. Aberd. : Lecturer on Geology since 

Thomas Bruce, M.A. Aberd.; B.A. Cantab. : Lecturer on Greek since 

James Goodwillie, M. A., B.Sc. Edin. ; M. A. Cantab. : Lecturer on Mathe- 
matics since 1901. 

Alexander Low, M.A., M.B. Aberd. : Lecturer on Embryology since 

Francis William Gray, M.A., B.Sc. Aberd.: Lecturer on Physical 
Chemistry since 1904. 

George Mellis Duncan, M.B. Aberd. : Lecturer on Bacteriology since 


Johanna Forbes, M.A. Aberd. : Lecturer on Humanity since 1906. 
Hugh Maclean, M.D. Aberd. : Lecturer on Chemical Physiology since 

Mary Elizabeth Thomson, M.A. Aberd. : Lecturer on Humanity and 

Roman History since 1906. 

University Assistants. 

Robert Gordon McKerron, M.A., M.D. Aberd. : in Midwifery since 

David Rennet, M.D. Aberd.: in Forensic Medicine since 1892. 

Robert Moir Clark, B.Sc. Aberd. : in Botany since 1897. 

William Archer Irvine Fortescue, M.B. Aberd. : in Surgery since 

John Rennie, D.Sc. Aberd. : in Zoology since 1899. 

Thomas Eraser, M.A., M.B. Aberd. : in Materia Medica since 1901. 

Andrew Ross Laing, M.D. Aberd. : in Pathology since 1901. 

William Davidson Esslemont, M.A., B.L. Aberd. : in Law and Con- 
veyancing since 1902. 

William Flett Croll, M.A., M.B. Aberd.: in Materia Medica since 

William Mitchell, M.A. Aberd. : in Natural Philosophy since 1903. 

John Alexander, M.A., B.Sc. Aberd. : in Chemistry (2nd) since 1904. 

William Wilson Fyvie, B.Sc. Aberd.: in Natural Philosophy since 

William Dickie Niven, M.A. Aberd, : in Logic since 1904. 

William Rattray Pirie, M.A., M.B. Aberd.: in Medicine since 1904. 

Robert Glegg, B.Sc. Aberd. : in Agricultural Chemistry since 1905. 

William Ferrier, M.A. Edin. : in English Literature since 1906. 

William A. H. McKerrow, M.B. Aberd. ; in Anatomy (2nd) since 1906. 

Thomas Basil Mitchell, M.B. Aberd. ; Physiology (2nd) since 1906. 

Charles Michie, M.A. (Mar. Coll.) Aberd. 

Maud Storr Best 

Margaret Chalmers Salmond 

Mary Robertson 

Jessie Scott Ritchie 

Charlotte Robertson 

Helen Paterson 

Assistants in University 

Nora Macdonald, Conservator, Egyptian Museum. 
Elizabeth Christie, Organist, King's College. 
J. M. NiSBET, Organist, Marischal College. 



P. Phillips Bedson, M.A., D.Sc : in Chemistry since 1903. 
Archibald Kerr Chalmers, M.D. Glasg. : in Medical Jurisprudence 

and Public Health since 1903. 
John Alexander Third, M.A., D.Sc. Aberd. : in English since 1903. 
James Haig Ferguson, M.D. Edin. : in Midwifery since 1904. 
William Garden Eraser, M.A. Aberd. ; B.A. Cantab : in Mathematics 

since 1904. 
Robert John Harvey Gibson, M.A. Aberd. : in Botany since 1904. 
Charles Oliver Hawthorne, M.D. Glasg. : in Medicine since 1904. 
Alexander Morrice Mackay, M.A. Aberd. ; B.A. Cantab. ; LL.B. 

Edin.: in Law since 1904. 
William Mackie, M.A., M.D. Aberd. : in Geology since 1904. 
Philip Jacob White, M.B. Edin.: in Zoology since 1904. 
Robert Patrick Wright, F.R.S.E. : in Agriculture since 1904. 
Edward Edwards, M.A. Cantab, et Lond. : in History since 1905. 
Richard Tanner Hewlett, M.D. Lond. : in Pathology since 1905. 
Alexander Mair, M.A. Edin.: in Mental Philosophy since 1905. 
J. Edmond Mansion, B. es L. Paris: in Modern Languages since 1905. 
William Murrell, M.D. Brussels: in Materia Medica since 1905. 
James Crawford Renton, M.D. Edin. : in Surgery since 1905. 
Robert Bruce Taylor, M.A. Glasg. : in Political Economy since 1905. 
John Davidson, M.A,, D.Phil. Edin.: in Education since 1906. 
James Alexander McClymont, M.A., D.D. Edin. : in Divinity since 

Benjamin Moore, M.A., D.Sc R.U.I. : in Physiology since 1906. 
William Booth Morren, M.A. Aberd. : in Mathematics and Dynamics 

[Prelim. Exam.] since 1906. 
P'rederick George Parsons, F.R.C.S. : in Anatomy since 1906. 
Alexander Souter, M.A., D.Litt. Aberd., B.A. Cantab. : in Classics 

since 1906. 
James Stalker, M.A., D.D. Edin. : in Divinity since 1906. 
John Thomson Wilson, M.D. Aberd. : in Public Health since 1906. 

Extra Mural Teachers. 

Angus Eraser, M.D., LL.D. Aberd.: Clinical Medicine since 1872. 
James Mackenzie Booth, M.A., M.D. Aberd. : Diseases of the Ear 

and Larynx since 1884. 
William Reid, M.D. Aberd.: Mental Diseases since 1884. 
George Maitland Edmond, M.A., M.D. Aberd.: Clinical Medicine 

since 1897. 


Alexander Rudolf Galloway, M.A., M.B. Aberd. : Ophthalmology 

since 1897. 
Robert Gordon McKerron, M.A., M.D. Aberd. : Vaccination since 

Charles Howard Usher, B.A., M.B. Cantab. : Ophthalmology since 

John Scott Riddell, M.V.O., M. A., M.B., CM. Aberd. : Clinical Surgery 

since 1898. 
John Marnoch, M.A., M.B., CM. Aberd. : Clinical Surgery since 1900. 
John Farquhar Christie, M.A., M.B., Aberd. : Skin Diseases since 

Alexander J. Murray, Architect: Drawing and Interpretator of 

Plans since 1903. 
Henry McIlree Williamson Gray, M.B., CM. Aberd. : Clinical 

Surgery since 1904. 
James Melville Paterson Crombie, M.B. Aberd.: Dental Surgery 

since 1905. 
James John Young Dalgarno, M.A., M.B. Aberd. : Anaesthetics since 

Albert Henderson, M.A., M.D. Aberd.: Anaesthetics since 1905. 
John Reid Levack, M.B. Aberd. : Medical Electricity since 1905. 
Thomas Eraser, M.A., M.B. Aberd. : Vaccination since 1906. 


Charles H. Dankester: Sacrist at King's College : appointed 1891. 
[The office dates from Elphinstone's Foundation of 1505, the 
Sacrist being originally one of the Prebendaries. His priestly func- 
tions ceased at the Reformation.] 
Thomas Spiller : Sacrist at Marischal College : appointed 1904. 

[In the foundation of 1 593 the term used is " bedellus ". " Sacrist " 
is first found in 1697.] 

Robert GiBB: since 1872. Alexander Stewart Clark: 
James Taylor: since 1876. since 1898. 

John Booth: since 1881. Robert Conn: since 1899. 

Henry Dawson : since 1881. Alexander Arthur : since 1901. 

John Davidson: since 1893. John Rhind: since 1901. 

George P. Duffus: since 1893. George Robertson : since 1903. 

James Beaton : since 1895. John Scorgie: since 1903. 

James Moir: since 1895. Henry A. Wood: since 1903. 

George A. Rae: since 1897. Henry Dawson, Jr. : since 1904. 

John Eraser: since 1897. James Milne: since 1904. 

William Robertson : since 1897. Alexander Taylor : since 1906. 



Abrahams, Israel, MA., Reader in Talmudic and Rabbinic Literature, 
University of Cambridge. 

Rev. Professor Nicol, Old Aberdeen. 

Adam, James, M.A., LL.D., Emmanuel College (Delegate, University of 

Mrs. Duncan, 137 Desswood Place. 

Alcock, Lieut.-Col. Alfred William, C.I.E., M.B., LL.D., F.R.S., Superin- 
tendent of the Indian Museum, Calcutta (Delegate, Asiatic Society 
of Bengal). 

Mr. George Cornwall, Rubislaw Den North. 

Allbutt, Thomas Clifford, M.D., D.Sc, LL.D., F.R.S., Regius Professor 
of Physic, University of Cambridge. 

Professor Ogston, 252 Union Street. 

Alverstone, Rt. Hon, Lord, G.C.M.G. ; Lord Chief Justice of England. 

dAlviella, Count Eugene Goblet, Ph.D., LL.D. (Delegate, University of 

Mr. A. J. W. Storie, Cults. 

Anderson, Alexander, M.A., LL.D., President (Delegate, Queen's College, 
Gal way). 

Mrs. Wilsone, Bonaly, Murtle. 

Anderson, Melville Best, Professor of English (Delegate, Leland Stanford 
Junior University, U.S.A.). 

Mr. William Rae, 9 Queen's Terrace. 

^ Where no host is named, the Delegate or Guest preferred to stay at an hotel or with 
private friends. 



Anderson, Sir Thomas McCall, M.D., Professor of Medicine (Delegate, 
University of Glasgow). 

Dr. Mackenzie Booth, i Garden Place. 

x'^ngellier, Auguste Jean, M.A., D.Litt., LL.D., Professor of English 
(Delegate, University of Lille). 

Professor Grierson, 7 King's Gate. 

Anschiitz, Richard, Professor of Chemistry (Delegate, University of Bonn). 
Professor Japp, 17 Garden Place. 

Armstrong, Henry E., LL.D., F.R.S., Professor of Chemistry, Central 
Technical College, London. 

Mr. R. D. Leslie, 6 Bon-Accord Square. 

Artin Pasha, Yacoub, Under Secretary for Public Instruction and President 
of the Institute of Egypt, Cairo. 

Sir Alexander Baird, Bart, of Urie. 

Atkinson, T. J. D. (Student-Delegate, University of Dublin). 
Mr. George Davidson, Wellwood, Cults. 

Baird, Sir Alexander, Bart, of Urie, Lord-Lieutenant of Kincardineshire. 

Balfour of Burleigh, Rt. Hon. Lord, K.T., Chancellor (Delegate, Univer- 
sity of St. Andrews). 

Mr, D. M. M. Milligan, 20 Albyn Place. 

Ball, Sir Robert S., LL.D., F.R.S. , Professor of Astronomy and Geometry, 

Sir David Stewart, Banchory House. 

Bannatyne, Rev. Colin A., M.A., Moderator of the General Assembly 
of the Free Church of Scotland. 

Mr. Thomas Fotheringham, Rubislaw Den South. 

Barbeau, Professor, Professor of English (Delegate, University of Caen). 
Mr. George Duncan, 60 Hamilton Place. 

Barr, Archibald, D.Sc, Professor of Engineering (Delegate, University 
of Glasgow). 

Mrs. Bruce, 72 Hamilton Place. 


Becquerel, Professor Henri, Paris (Delegate, Academie des Sciences, 
Institut de France). 

Rev. Martin Lewis, 64 Rubislaw Den North. 

Belin, Ami (Student-Delegate, University of Marseilles). 
Mrs. Whyte Mackay, 30 Albyn Place. 

Bernard, Very Rev. John H., D.D., Dean of St. Patrick's, Dublin (Delegate, 
Royal Irish Academy). 

Professor Grierson, 7 King's Gate. 

Bemier, Professor, Paris (Delegate, Academie des Beaux Arts, Institut de 

Mrs. Clark, 27 Albyn Place. 

Berthelemy, Professor, Paris (Delegate, University of Paris). 
Mrs. Duncan, 137 Desswood Place. 

Bilsland, William, Lord Provost (Delegate, University of Glasgow). 

Bodington, Nathan, M.A., Litt. D., Vice-Chancellor (Delegate, University 
of Leeds). 

Mrs. Wardlaw Burnett, 59 Queen's Road. 

Bois, Henri, Professor of Systematic Theology, Montauban. 
Rev. Professor Stalker, 20 Rubislaw Den South. 

Bonet-Maury, Professor A. G. C. A. (Delegate, University of Paris). 
Mr. Patrick Cooper, 9 Rubislaw Den North. 

Borgeaud, Charles, Professor of Constitutional History (Delegate, Univer- 
sity of Geneva). 

Mr. A. M. Williamson, 2 Queen's Gardens. 

Boutroux, Professor Emile (Delegate, (i) University of Paris, (2) Academie 
des Sciences Morales, Institut de France). 

Mr. Alexander Wilson, Rubislaw Den South. 

Boutroux, Professor Pierre (Delegate, University of Montpellier). 
Mr. W. E. Philip, 72 Forest Road. 

Brown, Alexander Crum, M.D., LL.D., Professor of Chemistry (Delegate, 
University of Edinburgh). 

Professor Japp, 1 7 Garden Place. 

Brown, G. Washington, R.S.A. (Delegate, Royal Scottish Academy). 
Mr. William Thomson, 341 Great Western Road. 


Browne, Sir James Crichton, M.D., LL.D., F.R.S., Lord Chancellor's 
Visitor in Lunacy. 

Professor Hamilton, 35 Queen's Road. 

Bruce, Colonel David, C.B., F.R.S., R.A.M.C, London. 
Mr. D. W. Abernethy, Ferryhill Cottage. 

Bruce, William Speirs, Leader of the Scottish Antarctic Expedition (1902- 
1904), Edinburgh. 

Mr. M. M. Duncan, 3 Bon-Accord Crescent. 

Bryce, Rt. Hon. James, M.P., D.C.L., LL.D, LittD., F.R.S., Chief 
Secretary for Ireland. 

Mr. J. W. Crombie, M.P., Balgownie Lodge. 

Buckham, Rev. President Matthew H., D.D., LL.D. (Delegate, University 
of Vermont, U.S.A.). 

Dr. R. C. Willock, 4 Golden Square. 

Bulmerincq, Alexander von, Professor of Oriental Languages (Delegate, 
University of Juriev-Dorpat). 

Mr. J. T. Ogilvie, 74 Forest Road. 

Burnside, William, D.Sc, F.R.S., Professor of Mathematics, Royal Naval 
College, Greenwich. 

Mr. W. O. Duncan, 20 Queen's Road. 

Campbell, Rt. Hon. James A., LL.D., of Stracathro, Brechin. 
Mr. Theodore Crombie, 18 Albyn Place. 

Campbell, W. Wilfred (Delegate, Royal Society of Canada). 
Dr. Angus Fraser, 232 Union Street. 

Campbell, William, K.C., Dean of Faculty, Edinburgh. 
Mr. David Littlejohn, 9 Rubislaw Terrace. 

de Candolle, Casimir, Geneva. 

Professor Trail, Old Aberdeen. 

Canterbury, His Grace the Archbishop of, G.C.V.O., D.D., D.C.L., LL.D. 
Principal Lang, Old Aberdeen. 

Carnegie, Andrew, LL.D. (Delegate, (i) University of St. Andrews, (2) 
Carnegie Institute of Washington, (3) American Philosophical Society, 

Mr. A. M. Ogston, of Ardoe. 


Carpenter, Rev. J. EstUn, M.A., Principal (Delegate, Manchester College, 

Chappie, W.A., M.D. (Delegate, Government of New Zealand). 

Charteris, Very Rev. Archibald Hamilton, D.D., LL.D., Peebles, Chap- 
lain-in-Ordinary to the King. 

Mrs. Campbell, 45 Rubislaw Den South. 

Cheyne, William Watson, C.R., LL.D., F.R.C.S., F.R.S., Professor of 
Clinical Surgery, King's College, London, 

Chisholm, The Right Rev. Bishop Aeneas, D.D., LL.D., Aberdeen 
(Delegate, St. Mary's College, Blairs). 

Chruschtschoff, Constantine D., Professor of Geology (Delegate, Imperial 
Academy of Military Medicine, St. Petersburg). 
Professor Ogston, 252 Union Street. 

Chrystal, George, M.A., LL.D., Professor of Mathematics (Delegate, Uni- 
versity of Edinburgh). 

Professor Macdonald, Old Aberdeen. 

Clark, Andrew, F.R.C.S., London (Delegate, Middlesex Hospital Medical 
School, London). 

Dr. G. M. Edmond, 12 Rubislaw Terrace. 

Clarke, Professor Frank W., U.S. Geological Survey, Washington (Dele- 
gate, Smithsonian Institution). 

Mrs. Archibald Forbes, Fonthill Road. 

Cleland, John, M.D., LL.D., F.R.S., Professor of Anatomy (Delegate, 
University of Glasgow). 

Mr. John Marnoch, M.B., 2 Bon-Accord Square. 

Clouston, Thomas Smith, M.D. (Delegate, University of Edinburgh). 
Dr. William Reid, Lochhead. 

Cooper, Sir George A., Bart., of Hursley Park, Hants. 
Mr. A. Marshall Mackenzie, 28 Albyn Place. 

Cooper, Rev. James, M.A., D.D., Professor of Church History (Delegate, 
University of Glasgow). 

Mr. A. Marshall Mackenzie, 28 Albyn Place. 

Copland, Sir William Robertson, President (Delegate, Glasgow and West 
of Scotland Technical College). 

Mr. A. M. McRae, 47 Rubislaw Den South. 


Cormack, John Dewar, B.Sc, Professor of Mechanics (Delegate, University 
College, London), 

Rev. H. W. Bell, 6 Albyn Terrace. 

Coville, Professor A., Rector (Delegate, University of Clermont). 
Mrs. Comper, St. Margaret's Brae, 

Craik, Sir Henry, K.C.B., LL.D., M.P. for the Universities of Glasgow 
and Aberdeen. 

Mr. D. M. M. Milligan, 20 Albyn Place. 

Crawford, Donald, K.C, Sheriff of Aberdeen, Kincardine and Banff. 

Crookes, Sir William, D.Sc, F.R.S., London. 
Mr. W. S. Gill, Dalhebity, Bieldside. 

Crosthwaite, Rev. Arthur, The Rectory, Bolton Percy, Yorks. (Delegate, 
Allahabad University). 

Mr. Adam Maitland, 15 Albyn Place. 

Cumont, Franz, Professor of Ancient History (Delegate, University of 

Mr. J. G. Burnett of Powis. 

Cushny, xA.rthur R., M. A., M.D., Professor of Pharmacology, University Col- 
lege, London (Delegate, University of Michigan, U.S.A.). 
Professor Cash, 9 Albyn Place. 

Dagg, T. S. C. (Student-Delegate, University of Dublin). 
Mr. Daniel Mearns, Douglas Hotel. 

Dale, Alfred William Winterslow, M.A., Vice-Chancellor (Delegate, Uni- 
versity of Liverpool). 

Mrs. Wardlaw Burnet, 59 Queen's Road. 

Damon, Lindsay Todd, A.B., Professor of Rhetoric (Delegate, Brown 
University, U.S.A.). 

Mr. G. J. Scott, 86 Queen's Road. 

Daniels, Winthrop More, M.A., Professor of Political Economy (Delegate, 
Princeton University, U.S.A.). 

Rev. A. McQueen, 16 Beaconsfield Place. 

Davey, W. H. (Student-Delegate, Queen's College, Belfast). 
Mr. A. I. McConnochie, 76 Devonshire Road. 


Deissmann, Adolf, Professor of New Testament Exegesis (Delegate, Uni- 
versity of Heidelberg). 

Rev. Professor Curtis, Old Aberdeen. 

Deking-Dura, T. C. (Student-Delegate, University of Leyden). 
The Residence, Spital. 

Delage, Yves, Professor of Zoology (Delegate, University of Paris). 
Professor Thomson, Old Aberdeen. 

DelbrUck, Hans, Professor of Modern History (Delegate, University of 

Major A. O. C Watson, R.A.M.C, 13 Garden Place. 

Deniker, Dr. J., 8 Rue de Buffon, Paris. 

Mr. William Jackson, Thorngrove. 

Denney, Rev. James, D.D., Professor of New Testament Exegesis (Dele- 
gate, United Free Church College, Glasgow). 
Mr. Adam Maitland, 15 Albyn Place. 

Dennis, Rev. James S., D.D., late Principal of Theological Seminary, Beirut. 

Deruginsky, Vladimir, Professor of Administrative Law (Delegate, Im- 
perial University, St. Petersburg). 

Mr. A. Marshall Mackenzie, 28 Albyn Place. 

Dewar, J. R. U., Principal (Delegate, Royal Dick Veterinary College, 

Dickson, Right Hon. C. Scott, LL.D., K.C., M.P., Edinburgh. 
Mr. W. J. Woodman Smith, i Queen's Gardens. 

Diels, Hermann, Professor of Classical Philology (Delegate, (i) University 
of Berlin, (2) Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences). 

Dr. J. L. Mclntyre, Cults. 

Donaldson, James,^ M.A., LL.D., Principal (Delegate, University of St. 

Mr. T. A. W. A. Youngson, Southfield, Cults. 

Dottin, M., Professor of Greek (Delegate, University of Rennes). 

Douglas, Admiral Sir A. L., G.C.V.O., K.C.B., Portsmouth. 
Major Duncan Gordon, 19 Queen's Road. 
' Knight Bachelor, 1907. 


Driver, Rev. Samuel Rolles, D.D., D.Litt., F.B.A., Professor of Hebrew, 
and Canon of Christ Church, Oxford. 

Rev. Professor Gilroy, Old Aberdeen. 

Duckworth, Sir Dyce, M.D., LL.D., F.R.C.P. (Delegate, St. Bartholo- 
mew's Hospital Medical School). 

Duff, John Wight, M.A., Professor of Classical Philology (Delegate, x^rm- 
strong College, Newcastle-on-Tyne). 

Dykes, S. S. (Student-Delegate, University of Edinburgh). 
Rev. Dr. Beatt, 17 North Silver Street. 

d'Eichthal, Professor, Paris (Delegate, Academic des sciences, morales et 
politiques, Institut de France). 

Mr. William Murison, 34 Forest Road. 

Einthoven, W., Professorof Physiology (Delegate, (i) University of Leyden, 
(2) Royal Academy of Sciences, Amsterdam). 

Mr. A. Skene, of Avondow, Milltimber. 

Elgar, Sir Edward, Mus. Doc, LL.D., Hereford. 
Professor Terry, Cults. 

Elgin, Rt. Hon. The Earl of, K.G., G.C.S.I., D.C.L., LL.D., Broomhall, 

Ellis, Herbert Mackay, M.D., Director-General of the Medical Depart- 
ment of the Royal Navy, London. 

Mrs. William Hay, 7 Albyn Place. 

Ellis, The Right Rev. Bishop Rowland, D.D., Aberdeen. 

Elphinstone, Rt. Hon. Lord, Carberry Tower, Musselburgh. 
Rt. Hon. Lord Leith of Fyvie, Fyvie Castle. 

Evans, Arthur J., LL.D., F.R.S., Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. 
Mr. W. G. Jameson, Grand Hotel. 

Evans, Sir John, K.C.B., D.C.L., LL.D., Sc.D., F.R.S., Hemel Hempsted. 
Professor Reid, 37 Albyn Place. 

Ewart, James Cossar, M.D., F.R.S,, Professor of Natural History (Delegate, 
University of Edinburgh). 

Dr. John Gordon, i Rubislaw Terrace. 


Fairbairn, Rev. Andrew M., D.D., LL.D., D.Litt., Principal (Delegate, 
Mansfield College, Oxford). 

Mr. George Murray, 81 Fountainhall Road. 

Ferguson, John, LL.D., Trofessor of Chemistry (Delegate, University of 

Fiore, Pasquale, Professor of International Law, University of Naples. 
Mr. M. V. Hay, of Seaton. 

Flandin, M., Depute de I'Yonne. 

Mr. James Murray, M.P., Glenburnie Park. 

Fleming, Most Rev. F. David, Provincial of the Franciscans, London. 
Bishop Chisholm, 19 Golden Square. 

Fliigge, Dr. Carl, Professor of Hygiene (Delegate, University of Breslau). 
Mrs. Todd, 20 Bayview Road. 

Forbes, D. J. (Student-Delegate, University of St. Andrews). 
Mr. A. C. Cook, 10 Moray Place. 

Forsyth, Andrew Russell, M.A., Sc.D., LL.D., F.R.S., Professor of Pure 
Mathematics, Trinity College, Cambridge, 
Mr. John Fleming, Dalmuinzie, Murtle. 

F'ortescue, George Knottesford, Keeper of the Printed Books, British 

Mr. G. G. Whyte, 4 Garden Terrace. 

Foster, T. Gregory, B. A., Ph.D., Professor of English (Delegate, University 
College, London). 

Mr. R. M. Williamson, 22 Rubislaw Den South. 

Franklin, George Cooper, F.R.C.S., President (Delegate, British Medical 

Mr. R. Whyte Mackay, 33 Hamilton Place. 

Eraser, Emeritus Professor Alexander Campbell, D.C.L., LL.D., Litt.D,, 
F.B.A., Lasswade. 

Sir David Stewart, Banchory House. 

Eraser, Right Rev, Mgr. Robert, D.D., Rome (Delegate, (i) of His Holi- 
ness the Pope, and (2) of the Scots College, Rome). 
Bishop Chisholm, 19 Golden Square. 


Eraser, Sir Thomas Richard, M.D., LL.D., F.R.S., Professor of Materia 
Medica (Delegate, University of Edinburgh). 
Professor Hay, 14 Rubislaw Terrace. 

Fry, Rt. Hon. Sir Edward, B.A., D.C.L., LL.D., F.R.S., Failand House, 
near Bristol. 

Galloway, James, iVE.D. (Delegate, Society of Apothecaries, London). 
Mr. A. R. Galloway, M.B., 250 Union Street. 

Gee, Rev, Henry, D.D., Master of University College (Delegate, Univer- 
sity of Durham). 

Geikie, Sir Archibald, D.C.L., D.Sc, LL.D., F.R.S. (Delegate, Royal 
Society, London). 

Professor Niven, Old Aberdeen. 

Gemmell, Samson, M.D., Professor of Clinical Medicine (Delegate, Uni- 
versity of Glasgow). 

Rev. Robert Thomson, 42 Queen's Road. 

Glazebrook, Richard Tetley, M.A„ .Sc.D., F.R.S., Director of the Na- 
tional Physical Laboratory. 

Mr. Thomas Cochrane, 60 Union Street. 

Gloag, William M., B.A., Professor of Scots Law (Delegate, University of 
Glasgow) . 

Mr. D. M. A. Chalmers, Beaconhill, Murtle. 

Goldziher, Ignacz, Ph.D., Litt.D., Professor of Oriental Languages (Dele- 
gate, University of Buda Pesth). 

Rev. Dr. McClymont, 3 Queen's Gardens. 

Goodwin, Wilder (Student-Delegate, Harvard University). 
Rev. George Walker, 24 Rubislaw Terrace. 

Gordon, Archibald A., London (Delegate, Franco-Scottish Society). 

Gordon, General Sir John J. H., K.C.B., India Office. 

Major-General Sir Alexander J. F. Reid, 4 Queen's Gardens. 

Goudy, Henry, M.A., D.C.L., Professor of Civil Law (Delegate, Univer- 
sity of Oxford). 

Professor Kennedy, Old Aberdeen. 


Gowland, W., Professor of Metallurgy (Delegate, Royal College of Science, 

Mr. H. J. Jopp, 5 Albyn Terrace. 

Grabar, Vladimir E., Professor of Law (Delegate, University of Juriev- 

Rev. Robert Forgan, 32 Garden Place. 

Grantham, The Hon. Mr. Justice (Delegate, The Inner Temple). 
Mr. William Pyper, 15 Bon-Accord Square. 

Gregory, John Walter, D.Sc, F.R.S., Professor of Geology, Glasgow 
(Delegate, University of Tasmania). 

Mr. John Henderson, Rubislaw Den North. 

Grierson, George A., C.I.E., D.Litt., Camberley (Delegate, Asiatic Society 
of Bengal). 

Mr. William Westland, Woodthorpe, Murde. 

Griffiths, Principal Ernest Howard, Sc.D., F.R.C.S, (Delegate, University 
College of South Wales and Monmouthshire, Cardiff). 

Lady Geddes, Old Aberdeen. 

Grlinbaum, Albert Sidney F., M.A., M.D., F.R.CP., Professor of Patho- 
logy, University of Leeds. 

Mr. James G. Paull, 24 Albyn Place. 

Hague, Arnold, D.Sc. (Delegate, (i) Columbia University, New York, (2) 
National Academy of Sciences, Washington). 
Mr. Henry Alexander, i Queen's Cross. 

Hahn, P. Daniel, Ph.D., M.A., Professor of Chemistry (Delegate, South 
African College, Cape Town). 

Mr. A. J. Brander, 14 Hamilton Place. 

Haldane, Rt. Hon. Richard Burdon, M.A., LL.D., K.C., M.P., Secretary 
of State for War. 

Mr. John Otto Macqueen, Fae-me-well, Dyce. 

Hall, A. D., M.A., Director, Rothamsted Agricultural Experiment Sta- 
tion, Harpenden, Herts. 

Mr. James Hendrick, 121 Hamilton Place. 


Hall, G. Stanley, LL.D., Professor of Psychology (Delegate, Clark Uni- 
versity, Worcester, U.S.A.). 

Dr. Joseph Ogilvie, 4 Queen's Terrace. 

Hamburger, H. J., Professor of Physiology, Groningen. 
Mr. John A. Watt, M.B., 14 Albyn Place. 

Hamilton, Rev. Thomas, M.A., D.D., LL.D., President (Delegate, Queen s 
College, Belfast). 

Mr. John Rae, 82 Queen's Road. 

Headlam, Rev. x^rthur Cayley, M.A., D.D., Principal (Delegate, King's 
College, London). 

Miss Westland, 8 Rubislaw Terrace. 

Hector, Rev. John, M.A., D.D., Aberdeen (Delegate, University of 

Heukelom, R. Siegenbeck van (Student-Delegate, University of Leyden). 
The Residence, Spital. 

Herkless, Rev. John, D.D., Professor of Church History (Delegate, Uni- 
versity of St. Andrews). 

Professor Baillie, Norwood. 

Heron, Rev. Professor James, D.D. (Delegate, Assembly's College, 

Mrs. Mitchell, 8 Queen's Terrace. 

Hicks, William M., Sc.D., F.R.S., Professor of Physics (Delegate, Univer- 
sity of Sheffield). 

Hjelt, Edward, Professor of Old Testament Exegesis and Rector 
Magnificus (Delegate, University of Finland). 
Mrs. Mitchell, 8 Queen's Terrace. 

Hoffding, Harald, Professor of Philosophy (Delegate, University of 
Copenhagen) . 

Dr. J. L. Mclntyre, Cults. 

Holthausen, Dr. Ferdinand, Professor of English (Delegate, University of 

Rev. Professor Gihoy, Old Aberdeen. 


Hopkinson, Alfred, LL.D., K.C., Vice-Chancellor (Delegate, Victoria 
University of Manchester). 

Mr. W. S. Gill, Dalhebity, Bieldside. 

Host, Julius (Student-Delegate, University of Brussels). 
Mr. D. Edwards, 53 Queen's Road. 

Hueppe, Ferdinand, Professor of Hygiene (Delegate, (i) German Uni- 
versity of Prague, (2) Leopold-Caroline Academy, Halle). 
Mrs. Paull, 13 Albyn Terrace. 

Hull, Charles Henry, Professor of American History (Delegate, Cornell 
University, U.S.A.). 

Rev. W. M. Mackay, 5 Westfield Terrace. 

Hunter, William, M.D., F.R.C.P., London (Delegate, Charing Cross 
Hospital Medical School). 

Dr. D. Rennet, 14 Golden Square. 

Hurlbatt, Miss Ethel, Principal (Delegate, Bedford College, London). 
Mrs. Craigie, 26 Albyn Place. 

Hutton, Rev. George C, D.D., Moderator of the General Assembly of the 
United Free Church of Scotland. 

Mr. George J. Shepherd, 6 Bon-Accord Crescent. 

Iverach, Rev. James, M.A., D.D., Principal (Delegate, United Free 
Church College, Aberdeen). 

Jackson, Henry, LL.D., Litt.D., F.B.A., Professor of Greek (Delegate, 
University of Cambridge). 

Mr. Robert Henderson, 72 Queen's Road. 

Jaffrey, Francis, F.R.C.S. (Delegate, St. George's Hospital Medical 
School, London). 

Dr. J. D. Wyness, i West Craibstone Street. 

Jardine, Sir John, K.C.LE., M.P. (Delegate, University of Bombay/). 
Mr. A. J. W. Storie, Cults. 

Jespersen, Dr. Otto, Professor of English, Copenhagen (Delegate, Royal 
Danish Society of Sciences) . 

Mr. G. W. W. Barclay, Raeden House. 


Jeze, M., Professor of Administrative Law (Delegate, University of 

Johnstone, T. M. (Student-Delegate, Queen's College, Belfast). 
Mr. A. B. Whyte, Dalbeattie, Murtle. 

Jones, Miss E. E. Constance, Mistress (Delegate, Girton College, Cam- 

Mr. John Clarke, Old Aberdeen. 

Kalfif, G., Professor of Dutch Literature, University of Leyden. 
Professor Grierson, 7 King's Gate. 

Keith, Skene, M.D,, 58 Upper Berkeley Street, London. 

Kellaway, Miss Nora (Student-Delegate, University of Edinburgh). 
Miss Whyte, 46 Gray Street. 

Kellen, Professor William Vail, Ph.D., LL.D. (Delegate, Brown University, 
Providence, U.S.A.). 

Kellner, Professor O., Landwirthschaftliche Versuchsstation, Mockern, 

Dr. Alex. Keith, 34 Gilcomston Park. 

Kelly, Howard A., M.D., Professor of Midwifery (Delegate, Johns Hopkins 
University, U.S.A.). 

Mr. A. T. G. Beveridge, M.A., M.B., 31 King Street. 

Kennedy, Rev. Archibald R. S., D.D., Professor of Oriental Languages 
(Delegate, University of Edinburgh). 

Rev. Professor Nicol, Old Aberdeen. 

Kent, Charles W., Ph.D., Professor of English (Delegate, University of 
Virginia, U.S.A.). 

Rev. Professor Stalker, 20 Rubislaw Den South. 

Keogh, Surg.-Gen. Sir Alfred, K.C.B., M.D., Director General, Army 
Medical Service, London. 

Mr. J. Scott Riddell, M.V.O., M.B., 7 Rubislaw Terrace. 

Kielhorn, Franz, Professor of Indian Philology (Delegate, (i) University 
of Gottingen, (2) Royal Society of Sciences, Gottingen). 
Colonel Allardyce, 3 Queen's Terrace. 


Kiss, Professor Yanos, D.D. (Delegate, University of Buda Pesth). 
Rev. Principal Iverach, 12 Ferryhill Place. 

Kobert, Rudolf Ed., Professor of Materia Medica and Rector Magnificus 
(Delegate, University of Rostock). 

Professor Cash, 9 Albyn Place. 

Koch, C. F. A., Professor of Surgery and Rector Magnificus (Delegate, 
University of Groningen). 

Mrs. Coniper, St. Margaret's Brae. 

Kostanecki, Dr. Casimir, Professor of Anatomy (Delegate, University of 

Kronecker, Dr. Hugo, Professor of Physiology (Delegate, University of 

Professor MacWilliam, Inverdee, Cults. 

Laking, Sir Francis H., Bart, G.C.V.O., M.D., Physician-in-Ordinary and 
Surgeon-Apothecary to the King and the Prince of Wales, 

Lanciani, Commendatore Rodolfo, D.C.L., LL.D., Ph.D., Rome (Delegate, 
Reale Accademia dei Lincei). 

Rev. Professor Cowan, Old Aberdeen. 

Lanman, Charles R., Ph.D., LL.D., Professor of Sanscrit (Delegate, Harvard 
University, U.S.A.). 

Mr. R. M. Williamson, 22 Rubislaw Den South. 

Larmor, Joseph, D.C.L., LL.D., D.Sc, F.R.S., Lucasian Professor of 
Mathematics, Cambridge, Secretary of the Royal Society. 
Professor Macdonald, Old Aberdeen. 

Latta, Robert, M.A., D.Phil., Professor of Logic (Delegate, University 
of Glasgow). 

Rev. C. S. Christie, The Manse, Cults. 

Lauenstein, Karl (Delegate, City of Hamburg). 
Professor Ogston, 252 Union Street. 

Laurie, Emeritus Professor Simon S., LL.D., Edinburgh. 

Lawson, Rev. Alexander, M.A., D.D., Professor of English (Delegate, 
University of St. Andrews). 

Mr. D. M. A. Chalmers, Beaconhill, Murtle. 


Leach, Lieut.-General Edward P., V.C, C.V.O., C.B., Commander-in- 
Chief, Scottish Command. 

Captain Brooke, Fairley. 

Lee, R.E. (Student-Delegate, University of Glasgow). 

Legras, Jules, Professor of Modern Languages (Delegate, University of 

Mr. Alexander Cromar, 23 Rubislaw Den South. 

Leith of Fyvie, Rt. Hon. Lord, Fyvie Castle. 

Liebreich, Oscar, Professor of Pharmacology, University of Berlin. 
Professor Hay, 14 Rubislaw Terrace. 

Little, James, M.D., LL.D., Professor of Physic, University of Dublin. 
Mr. G. K. Fleming, i Bon-Accord Crescent. 

Lockyer, Sir Norman, K.C.B., LL.D., F.R.S., London. 
Dr. Angus Fraser, 232 Union Street. 

Lodge, Principal Sir Oliver, D.Sc, LL.D., F.R.S. (Delegate, University of 

Mr. xMexander Ledingham, 96 Queen's Road. 

Loffler, Friedrich, Professor of Hygiene (Delegate, University of Greifs- 

Mr. A. M. Williamson, 2 Queen's Gardens. 

Ldnnberg, Professor Einar, Superintendent of the Vegetable Department of 
the Natural History Museum, Stockholm (Delegate, Royal Swedish 
Academy of Sciences). 

Mr. William Melville, 5 Queen's Terrace. 

Lounsbury, Thomas R., LL.D., Professor of English (Delegate, Yale 
University, U.S.A.). 

Mr. William Rae, 9 Queen's Terrace. 

Lowell, Abbott L., M.A., Professor of Constitutional Law (Delegate, Har- 
vard University, U.S.A.). 

Mr. J. F. Christie, M.B., 7 Alford Place. 

Lyall, Right Hon. Sir Alfred C, G.C.LE., D.C.L., K.C.B., LL.D., London. 
Colonel Allardyce, 3 Queen's Terrace. 

Lynham, J. E. A. (Student-Delegate, Queen's College, Galway). 
Mr. A. T. Arthur, M.B., Blair-Devenick, Cults. 


Macalister, Alexander, M.D., D.Sc, LL.D., F.R.S., Professor of Anatomy, 
University of Cambridge. 

Mr. John Clarke, Old Aberdeen. 

Macalister, Donald,i M.D., D.C.L., F.R.C.P., President (Delegate, General 
Medical Council), Cambridge. 

Professor Ogston, 252 Union Street. 

Macallum, A. B., M.A., M.B., Ph.D., Professor of Physiology (Delegate, 
University of Toronto), 

Mr. T. Cochrane, 60 Union Street. 

Macbean, Brigadier-GeneralForbes, C.V.O., C.B., Headquarters, High- 
land Regimental District, Perth. 
Captain Brooke, Fairley. 

MacCallum, M. L. (Student-Delegate, University of Sydney). 
Mr. Daniel Mearns, Douglas Hotel. 

McCormick, W. S., LL.D., Secretary of the Carnegie Trust, Edinburgh. 
Mr. Alexander Ledingham, 96 Queen's Road. 

McCulloch, Rev. Principal James D. (Delegate, Free Church College, Edin- 

Mr. Alfred McLeod, 19 Fonthill Terrace. 

Macdonald, Rt. Hon. Sir John H. A., K.C.B., LL.D., F.R.S., Lord 
Justice Clerk of Scotland. 

Mr. Theodore Crombie, 18 Albyn Place. 

McDowell, William C. W., CM. (Delegate, (i) University of New Zealand, 
(2) University College, Auckland). 

Rev. E. E. Marshall, 21 Carlton Place. 

McFadyean, Sir John, M.B., B.Sc, Principal of the Royal Veterinary 
College, London. 

Mr. James Thomson, 63 Fountainhall Road. 

McGillivray, Charles Watson, M.D.. President (Delegate, Royal College of 
Surcjeons, Edinburgh). 

Miss Anne Mercer Watson, L.R.C.P., Edin., 22 Waverley Place. 
McGregor, Very Rev. James, Rector (Delegate, St. Mary's College, Blairs). 

' Principal of the University of Glasgow, 1907. 


MacGregor, James G., M.A., D.Sc, F.R.S., Professor of Natural Philo- 
sophy, Edinburgh (Delegate, Dalhousie University, Halifax, N.S.). 

MacKay, Principal John Yule, M.D., LL.D., Professor of Anatomy, 
University College, Dundee (Delegate, St. Andrews University). 

Mr. J. Otto Macqueen, Fae-me-well, Dyce. 

McKelway, Professor St. Clair, LL.D., D.C.L., Vice-Chancellor (Delegate, 
University of the State of New York, U.S.A.). 

Mr. George D. Collie, lo Bon-Accord Crescent. 

McKendrick, Emeritus Professor John Gray, M.D., LL.D., F.R.C.P., F.R.S. 
(Delegate, University of Glasgow), Stonehaven. 

MacKenzie, A. H., Edinburgh (Delegate, University of the Cape of Good 

Mrs. Paterson, 448 Great Western Road. 

McLaren, Lord, LL.D., Edinburgh, Senior Vice-President (Delegate, 
Royal Society of Edinburgh). 

Professor Cash, 9 Albyn Place. 

Macleod, Sir Reginald, K.C.B., Under-Secretary for Scotland. 
Professor Baillie, Norwood. 

Macmahon, Major Percy A., D.Sc, F.R.S., Secretary, British Association, 

Mr. Frank Fleming, 72 Fountainhall Road. 

Macnaughton, Rev. John, M.A., Professor of Church History (Delegate, 
Queen's University, Kingston, Canada). 
Lady Geddes, 55 Don Street. 

McNeil, Miss (Student-Delegate, University of Glasgow). 
Mrs. Robertson, 29 Beaconsfield Place. 

Mc Robert, Hon. Alexander (Delegate, University of Allahabad). 
Mr. J. Younger Collie, Viewbank, Cults. 

McVail, Professor David C, M.B. (Delegate, University of Glasgow). 

Madden, The Hon. Sir John, G.C.M.G., B.A., LL.D., Chancellor (Delegate, 
University of Melbourne). 

Lady Lumsden, Muirden, Murtle. 


Mahaffy, Professor John Pentland, C.V.O., M.A., D.D., Mus. Doc, D.C.L, 
Senior Fellow (Delegate) Trinity College, Dublin, 

Professor Davidson, 8 Queen's Gardens. 

Marshall, John Watson, M.A, Professor of Philology (Delegate, University 
College of Wales, Aberystwith). 

Dr. J. L. Mclntyre, Cults. 

Matsumura, Jinzo, Professor of Botany (Delegate, Tokyo Imperial Uni- 
versity, Japan). 

Mr. James Troup, Fonthill Road. 

Maybin, Miss (Student-Delegate, University of Edinburgh). 
Mr. Adam Maitland, 15 Albyn Place. 

Meldola, Raphael, President (Delegate, Chemical Society, London). 
Mr. J. G. Burnett, Powis House. 

Mellon, Paul, Consul-General of Montenegro. 

Mr. James Murray, M.P., Glenburnie Park 

Menten, E. (Student-Delegate, University of Leyden). 

Merry, Rev. William W., D.D., Rector of Lincoln College, and Vice- 
Chancellor (Delegate, University of Oxford). 
Professor Harrower, Old Aberdeen. 

Mitchell, Rev, Anthony, M.A., B.D, Principal and Pantonian Professor 
of Theology (Delegate, Episcopal Church College, Edinburgh). 
Mr. William. Dunn, Murtle House. 

Mitchell, William, Professor of Philosophy (Delegate, University of Ade- 

MoUison, William L., M.A., LL.D., Senior Tutor of Clare College (Dele- 
gate, University of Cambridge). 

Mr, W. R. Macdonell, LL.D., Bridgefield, Bridge of Don. 

Molloy, The Right Rev. Monsignor Gerald, D.D., D.Sc. (Delegate, (i) 
Royal University of Ireland, Dublin, (2) Catholic University of 
Ireland, Dublin), 

Mr. James Hutcheon, 34 Rubislaw Den South. 

Monaco, His Serene Highness ALBERT, Prince of. 
Major Duncan Gordon, 19 Queen's Road. 



Morel, Ennemond, President (Delegate, University of Lyon). 
Mr. W. Stewart Thomson, 4 Forest Road. 

Morgan, Conwy Lloyd, LL.D., F.R.S., Principal (Delegate, University 
College, Bristol). 

Professor Thomson, Old Aberdeen. 

Motzfeldt, K. (Student-Delegate, University of Christiania). 

Mourek, Vaclav E., Professor of German Languages (Delegate, Bohemian 
University of Prague). 

Mrs. Professor Christie, 19 Hamilton Place. 

Mullins, Arthur G. (Student-Delegate, University of Oxford). 
Mr. Arthur Clyne, Fortune Green, Rubislaw Den. 

Munro, Neil, Author, Inverary. 

Mr. Williamson Booth, 8 Westfield Terrace. 

Murray, David, LL.D., Glasgow (Delegate, University of Glasgow). 

Murray, Sir John, K.C.B., LL.D., F.R.S., Challenger Lodge, Edinburgh. 
Sir George Reid, R.S.A., St. Luke's. 

Murrell, William, M.D., F.R.C.P., Lecturer on Clinical Medicine and 
Practice of Medicine (Delegate, Westminster Hospital Medical 
School, London). 

Professor Cash, 9 Albyn Place. 

Musgrove, James, M.D., F.R.C.S., Professor of Anatomy (Delegate, 
University of St. Andrews). 

Dr. C. M. McQuibban, 248 Union Street. 

Napier, R. N. (Student-Delegate, University of Glasgow). 
Mrs. Green, i Carden Terrace. 

Niven, The Right Rev. T. B. W., D.D., Moderator of the General As- 
sembly of the Church of Scotland. 

Mr. Alexander Edmond, Jun., 18 Rubislaw Terrace. 

Nixon, Sir Christopher John, Bart, M.D., LL.D., Member of Senate 
(Delegate, Royal University of Ireland, Dublin). 
Mr. J. M. Henderson, 55 Queen's Road. 

Ostwald, Wilhelm, Professor of Chemistry, Leipzig (Delegate, Royal 
Saxon Society of Sciences). 

Mr. A. S. Macdonald, 98 Queen's Road. 


Owen, Edmund, M.B., F.R.C.S., Vice-President (Delegate, Royal College 
of Surgeons, London). 

Parker, Matthew A., M.A., Professor of Chemistry (Delegate, Manitoba 
University, Winnipeg). 

Mr. W. I. Fortescue, M.B., 7 Bon- Accord Square. 

Parsons, Fred. G., F.R.C.S., Lecturer on Anatomy (Delegate, St. Thomas's 
Hospital Medical School, London). 

Dr. J. D. Wyness, i West Craibstone Street. 

Paterson, C. A., M.A., LL.B., Brookvale, Dollar (Delegate, University of 


Mr. F. J. Scott, 64 Hamilton Place. 

Paterson, Rev. James A., D.D., Professor of Hebrew and O.T. Exegesis 
(Delegate, United Free Church College, Edinburgh). 

Miss Neil, The Residence, 24 Spital. 

Paterson, Rev. William P., D.D., Professor of Divinity (Delegate, Uni- 
versity of Edinburgh). 

Rev. Dr. McClymont, 5 Queen's Gardens. 

Paul, George M., Deputy Keeper of the Signet, Edinburgh. 
Miss Paul, 7 St. Swithin Street. 

Paul, Sir James Balfour, LL.D., Lyon King of Arms, Edinburgh. 
Mr. G. W. W. Barclay, Raeden House. 

Pavlov, T. P., Professor of Pathology (Delegate, Imperial Academy of 
Military Medicine, St. Petersburg). 

Mr. H. C. Giinther, 6 Forest Road. 

Pelham, Henry Francis, LL.D., F.B.A,, Professor of Ancient History and 
President of Trinity College, Oxford (Delegate, The British Academy). 
Mr. J. R. Whyte, 35 Albyn Place. 

Peterson, William, C.M.G., M.A., LL.D., Principal (Delegate, MacGill 
University, Montreal). 

Mr. James Spence, 23 Rubislaw Terrace. 

Peterson, William G. (Student-Delegate, MacGill University, Montreal). 
Mr. William Kelly, 62 Rubislaw iDen North. 


Petrie, W. M. Flinders, D.C.L., F.R.S., Professor of Egyptology, Uni- 
versity College, London. 

Mr. George Carmichael, 228 Union Street. 

Playfair, John, M.D., President (Delegate, Royal College of Physicians, 

Mr. H. M. W. Gray, M.B., F.R.CS. Edin., 5 Bon-Accord Square. 

Post, Rev. George E., M.A., M.D., LL.D., Professor of Surgery to 
Johanite Hospital (Delegate, Syrian Protestant College, Beirut). 
Mr. Robert Lamb, 66 Hamilton Place. 

Powell, Sir Richard Douglas, Bart., K.C.V.O., M.D., President 
(Delegate, Royal College of Physicians, London). 
Professor Finlay, 2 Queen's Terrace. 

Pullar, Sir Robert, Tayside, Perth. 

Quibell, J. E., Bedrashein, Egypt. 
Miss Pirie, Powis Lodge. 

Ramsay, George G., LL.D., Litt.D., Emeritus Professor of Humanity 
(Delegate, University of Glasgow). 

Professor Harrower, Old Aberdeen. 

Ramsay, Sir William, K.C.B., D.Sc, M.D., LL.D., F.R.S., Professor of 
Chemistry, University College, London. 

Mr. A. O. Gill, Fairfield, Fonthill Road. 

Rankine, John, LL.D., K.C., Professor of Scots Law (Delegate, Uni- 
versity of Edinburgh). 

Professor Kennedy, Old Aberdeen. 

Reichel, Principal Henry Rudolf, M.A., LL.D., Vice-Chancellor (Delegate, 
University of Wales). 

Right Rev. Bishop Ellis, Bishop's Court. 

Reid, William Loudon, M.D., Glasgow, President (Delegate, Faculty of 
Physicians and Surgeons, Glasgow). 
Rev. Professor Johnstone, Cults. 

Reinach, Salomon, Professor of Archaeology, Paris (Delegate, Academic 
des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres, Institut de France). 


Ripon, The Right Rev. W. Boyd Carpenter, D.D., D.C.L., Bishop of. 
Mr. William Dunn, Murtle. 

Rist, Charles, Professor of Political Economy (Delegate, University of 

Mr. Alexander Wilson, Rubislaw Den South. 

Robertson, Rev. James, M.A., D.D., Professor of Oriental Languages 
(Delegate, University of Glasgow). 

Rev. Professor Nicol, Old Aberdeen. 

Robinson, Alderman R. A., London (Delegate, Pharmaceutical Society 
of Great Britain). 

Mrs. M'Laren, Fernielee, Murtle. 

Romiti, Guglielmo, Professor of Anatomy, University of Pisa. 
Mrs. Cooper, 7 Albert Street. 

Roscoe, Sir Henry E., D.C.L., LL.D., F.R.S., Emeritus Professor of 
Chemistry, Victoria University. 

Mr. Patrick Cooper, 9 Rubislaw Den South. 

Ross, John, LL.D., Dunfermline, Treasurer of the Carnegie Trust. 
Mr. J. R. Dean, 28 Rubislaw Den South. 

Ross, Major Ronald, C.B., F.R.C.S., F.R.S., Liverpool School of Tropical 

Mr. J. R. Levack, M.B., 10 Golden Square. 

Russell, Sir J. A., M.B., LL.D., Inspector of Anatomj' for Scotland, 

Misses Duguid, 12 Albyn Terrace. 

Santesson, Professor, Stockholm. 

Lady Lumsden, Muirden, Murtle. 

Savage, George H., M.D., 26 Devonshire Place, London. 
Dr. A. H. Lister, 22 Queen's Road. 

Sayce, Rev. Archibald H., D.D., LL.D., Professor of Assyriology, Uni- 
versity of Oxford. 

Mr. S. J. Gammell, Countesswells House. 

Schatz, Professor Albert (Delegate, University of Aix-Marseille). 
Mr. William Thomson, 9 Fonthill Terrace. 


Scheviakoff, Vladimir, Ph.D., D.Sc, Professor of Zoology (Delegate, 
Imperial University, St. Petersburg). 

Mr. James Esslemont, 25 Forest Road. 

Schipper, Jakob, Professor of English Philology (Delegate, (i) University 
of Vienna, (2) Imperial Academy of Sciences, Vienna). 

Rev. R. B. Taylor, i Fonthill Road. 

Schiick, Henrik, LL.D., Kt. of Royal Order of the Polar Star, &c., Pro- 
fessor of History of Literature, Rector (Delegate, (i) University of 
Upsala, Sweden ; (2) Royal Society of Sciences, Upsala). 

Mr. William Melville, 5 Queen's Terrace. 

Scott, Dukinfield Henry, M.A., Ph.D., F.R.S., Hon. Keeper, Jodrell 
Laboratory, Kew Gardens. 

Mr. G. J. Scott, 86 Queen's Road. 

Scougal, Andrew E., H.M. Chief Inspector of Schools, Edinburgh. 
Dr. Westland, 22 Albyn Place. 

Service, William, M.A., B.Sc, Coatbridge, President (Delegate, Edu- 
cational Institute of Scotland). 

Shaw, Rt. Hon. Thomas, LL.D., K.C., M.P., Lord Advocate. 
Mr. Thomas Ogilvie, Jr., 28 Rubislaw Den North. 

Shaw, William N., Sc.D., F.R.S., Director of the Meteorological Office. 
Professor Niven, Old Aberdeen. 

Shirres, David A., M.B. (Delegate, MacGill University, Montreal). 

Sime, John, C.I.E., M.A., LL.D. (Delegate, University of the Punjab). 

Sinclair, Rt. Hon. John, M.P., Secretary for Scotland. 

Sinclair, T. G. (Student- Delegate, University of St. Andrews). 
12 Springbank Terrace. 

Sirotinin, Vasiliev N., Professor of Chinical Medicine (Delegate, Imperial 
Academy of Military Medicine, St. Petersburg). 

Mr. H. M. W. Gray, M.B., F.R.C.S. Edin., 5 Bon-Accord Square. 

Smend, Dr. Julius, Professor of Systematic and Practical Theology, 
Rector (Delegate, University of Strassburg). 

Major A. O. C Watson, R.A.M.C., 13 Garden Place. 


Smyly, Sir William J., M.D., President (Delegate, Royal College of 
Physicians, Dublin). 

Mr. James Walker, Richmondhill House. 

Sorley, William R., LL.D., Litt.D., F.B.A., Professor of Moral Philosophy, 
University of Cambridge. 

Professor Harrower, Old Aberdeen. 

Sprent, James, B.Sc. (Delegate, University of Tasmania, Hobart). 
Mr. J. C. Glegg, 60 King's Gate. 

Steele, Dr. J. Peddie, Florence. 

Professor Harrower, Old Aberdeen. 

Steggall, John E. A., M.A., Professor of Mathematics, University College, 
Dundee (Delegate, University of St. Andrews), 
Mr. G. A. Simpson, 35 Belvidere Street. 

Stevenson, W. Scott, Edinburgh, Secretary (Delegate, East of Scotland 
College of Agriculture). 

Rev. C. H. Todd, 5 Garden Place. 

Stewart, Very Rev. Alexander, D.D,, Principal of St. Mary's College 
(Delegate, University of St. Andrews). 
Mrs. Parr, 18 Albert Street. 

Stewart, John A., LL.D., White's Professor of Moral Philosophy, Uni- 
versity of Oxford. 

Professor Grierson, 7 King's Gate. 

Stirling, Right Hon. Sir James, M.A., LL.D., F.R.S. (Delegate, Lincoln's 

Mrs. A. H. Wilson, 2 Albyn Terrace. 

Strathcona and Mount Royal, Lord, G.C.M.G., D.C.L., LL.D., F.R.S., 
Chancellor of the University. 

Principal Lang, Chanonry Lodge. 

Swan, John Macallan, R.A., London, N.W. (Delegate, Royal Academy of 
Arts, London). 

Mr. G. B. Esslemont, 16 King's Gate. 

Swanzy, Henry Rosborough, M.A., M.D., President (Delegate, Royal 
College of Surgeons in Ireland). 

Mr. G. K. Fleming, i Bon-Accord Crescent. 


Taranger, A., Professor of Law (Delegate, University of Christiania). 
Mr. G. M. Cook, 30 Carden Place. 

Taylor, Frederick, M.D., F.R.C.P., .Senior Physician (Delegate, Guy's 
Hospital Medical School, London). 

Dr. W. H. Williamson, 15 Union Terrace. 

Teece, Richard, London, Fellow of Senate (Delegate, University of 

Mr. James Duguid, 7 Bon- Accord Crescent. 

Teran, His Excellency General Don Emilio Maria, Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary of Ecuador (Delegate, University of Ecuador). 
Mr. M. V. Hay, of Seaton. 

Thane, George D., LL.D., M.R.C.S., Professor of Anatomy, University 
College, London. 

Mr. D. R. Thorn, 42 Albyn Place. 

Thomas, Walter, Professor in Faculty of Letters (Delegate, University of 

Mr. James Davidson, 62 Hamilton Place. 

Thompson, Miss Ida (Student-Delegate, University of St. Andrews). 
Miss McHardy, 2 Polmuir Road. 

Thompson, J. Allan, Oxford (Student-Delegate, University of New 

Rev. Hugh Morrison, U.F. Manse, Cults. 

Thomson, Arthur, M.A., M.B., Oxford, Professor of Anatomy (Delegate, 
University of Oxford). 

Mr. W. O. Duncan, 20 Queen's Road. 

Thomson, Joseph J., D.Sc, LL.D., F.R.S., Cavendish Professor of Experi- 
mental Physics, University of Cambridge. 
Mr. Robert Walker, Old Aberdeen. 

Thorpe, Thomas E., C.B., D.Sc, LL.D., F.R.S., Director of Government 
Laboratories, London. 

Mr. J. B. Miller, 17 Rubislaw Den North. 

Threlfall, R., M.A., F.R.S. (Delegate, Royal Society of New South 


Traill, Anthony, M.D., LL.D., Provost (Delegate, Trinity College, Dublin). 
Mr. George Williamson, M.B., 256 Union Street. 

Trendelenburg, Frederick, Professor of Surgery (Delegate, Universit)' of 

Professor Ogston, 252 Union Street. 

Treves, Sir Frederick, Bart., G.C.V.O., C.B., LL.D., Rector of the 


Truitard, Leon (Student-Delegate, University of Dijon). 
The Residence, Spital. 

Turner, Professor Henry, University of St. Petersburg (Delegate, Im- 
perial Academy of Military Medicine). 
Professor Ogston, 252 Union Street. 

Turner, Sir William, K.C.B., D.C.L., L.L.D., D.Sc, F.R.S., Principal 
(Delegate, University of Edinburgh). 
Professor Raid, 37 Albyn Place. 

Ure, Alexander, M.P., Solicitor General for Scotland. 
Mr. J. W. Crombie, M.P., Balgownie Lodge. 

Vachal, M. (Student-Delegate, University of Paris). 
Mr. D. Edwards, 53 Queen's Road. 

Varnhagen, Hermann, Professor of English Philology, Pro-Rector (Dele- 
gate, University of Erlangen). 

Rev. Dr. Danson, 19 Bon-Accord Crescent. 

Veronese, Giuseppe, Professor of Analytical Geometry, Padua (Delegate, 
(i) University of Padua, (2) Reale Accademia dei Lincei, Rome). 
Mr. J. S. Cornwall, Gordondale Road. 

Vetter, Theodor, Professor of English Philology (Delegate, University of 

Mr. George Davidson, Wellwood, Cults. 

Voelcker, Dr. J. A., Chemist to Royal Agricultural Society of England. 
Mr. James Hendrick, 121 Hamilton Place. 

Vries, Hugo de. Professor of Physiological Botany, University of Amster- 

Professor Trail, Old Aberdeen. 


Wagner, Dr. Albrecht, Professor of English Philology (Delegate, Halle- 
Wittenberg University). 

Dr. W. Scholle, 15 Ashley Road. 
Wallen, F. B. (Student-Delegate, University of Christiania). 

Waller, Professor Augustus Desire, M.D., LL.D., F.R.S., Physiological 
Laboratory (Delegate, University of London). 
Mrs. William Hay, 7 Albyn Place. 

Walton, Frederick P., LL.D., Professor of Roman Law and Dean of the 
Faculty (Delegate, MacGill University, Montreal). 

Professor Kennedy, Old Aberdeen. 

Watson, J. B. Forbes (Student-Delegate, University of Edinburgh). 
Mr. Edward W. Watt, 17 Queen's Road. 

White, J. William, M.D., Professor of Surgery (Delegate, University of 
Pennsylvania, Philadelphia). 

Professor Ogston, 252 Union Street. 

White, Philip J., M.D., Bangor, Professor of Zoology (Delegate, University 
College of North Wales). 

Mr. J. P. Robertson White, 53 Beaconsfield Place. 

Whitla, Sir William, M.D., LL.D., Professor of Materia Medica (Delegate, 
Queen's College, Belfast). 

Professor Hay, 14 Rubislaw Terrace. 

Wijhe, J. W. van, Professor of Anatomy, Groningen, Holland. 
Dr. William Reid, Lochhead. 

Wilkinson, The Most Rev. Bishop George H., D.D,, Primus of the 
Episcopal Church in Scotland, Perth. 

Hon. Mrs. Douglas, 57 Queen's Road. 

Williams, H. G. (Student-Delegate, University of Liverpool). 
Rev. Professor Johnstone, Cults. 

Williams, Sir John, Bart, K.C.V.O., M.D., LL.D., F.R.C.P., Emeritus Pro- 
fessor of Midwifery, University College, London. 
Dr. R. G. McKerron, i Albyn Place. 


Williamson, C P. (Student-Delegate, University of Glasgow). 
Mr. George Carmichael, 228 Union Street. 

Wright, Principal Robert Patrick, F.R.S.E., 6 Blythswood Square, Glas- 
gow (Delegate, West of Scotland Agricultural College). 



Aberdeen, His Excellency the Earl of, K.T., G.C.M.G., Lord-Lieutenant 

of Ireland; LL.D. 1883. 
Adam, James, M.A., Emmanuel College, Cambridge; LL.D. 1898 

Adamson, Lawrence William, Long Husley ; LL.D. 1895. 
Alcock, Lt.-Col. Alfred William, CLE., M.B., F.R.S., Calcutta; LL.D. 

1901 (Delegate). 
Allan, Rev. James, M.A., Marnoch ; D.D. 1902. 
Allardyce, Colonel James, of Culquoich; LL.D. 1895. 
Annandale, Charles, M.A., Glasgow; LL.D. 1885. 

Brown, Professor Alexander Crum, M.A., M.D., D.Sc, F.R.S., University, 

Edinburgh; LL.D. 1893 (Delegate). 
Bruce, John Mitchell, M.A., M.D., London; LL.D. 1900. 
Bruce, William, M.A., M.D., Dingwall; LL.D. 1891. 
Bruce, Rev. William Straton, M.A., Banff; D.D. 1897. 

Calder, Rev. John, Old Aberdeen; D.D. 1904. 

Caldwell, Robert Townley, M.A., Master of Corpus Christi College, Cam- 
bridge; LL.D. 1895. 

Cameron, Archibald Cowie, M.A., Edinburgh; LL.D. 1888. 

Cameron, Rev. Professor George Gordon, M.A., U.F.C. College, Aber- 
deen; D.D. 1890. 

Campbell, James, CuUen ; LL.D. 1903. 

Chisholm, Right Rev. Bishop ^neas, Aberdeen; LL.D. 1895 (Delegate). 

Chrystal, Professor George, M.A., University, Edinburgh; LL.D. 1887 

Clark, Sir John Forbes, Bart, of Tillypronie ; LL.D. 1895. 

Cooper, Rev. Charles, M.A., Cluny; LL.D. 1898. 

^This does not include the names of those who received Honorary Degree?; on Wednes- 
day, 26th September, 1907. See supra, pp. 145-150. 



Cooper, Rev. Professor James, M.A., University, Glasgow ; D.D. 1892 (Dele- 
Cowan, Rev. Professor Henry, M.A., B.D., University, Aberdeen; D.D. 

Danson, Rev. James Myers, M.A., Aberdeen ; D.D. 1892. 

Davidson, Professor William Leslie, M.A., University, Aberdeen; LL.D. 

Dewar, Sir James, M.A., D.Sc, F.R.S., London ; LL.D. 1903. 
Dey, William, M.A., Aberdeen; LL.D. 1885. 
Donald, Rev. James, M.A., Keithhall ; D.D. 1904. 
Donaldson, Principal [Sir] James, M.A., University, St. Andrews; LL.D. 

1865 1 (Delegate). 
Dunn, Rev. Charles, M.A., Birse; D.D. 1903. 

Erroll, Right Hon. the Earl of, K.T., C.B. ; LL.D. 1895. 

Fairbairn, Rev. Principal Andrew Mitchell, M.A., D.D., D.Litt., Mans- 
field College, Oxford ; LL.D. 1894 (Delegate). 

Farquharson, Right Hon. Robert, M.D., of Finzean ; LL.D. 1883. 

Ferrier, Professor David, M.A., M.D., F.R.S., King's College, London ; 
LL.D. 1881. 

Ferries, Rev. George, M.A., Cluny ; D.D. 1895. 

Findlay, Rev. William, M.A., Larkhall ; D.D. 1904. ' 

Fleming, John, Dalmuinzie; LL.D. 1902. 

Forbes, Henry Ogg, Liverpool; LL.D. 1894. 

Forsyth, Rev. Principal Peter Taylor, M.A., Hampstead ; D.D. 1895. 

Eraser, Angus, M.A., M.D., Aberdeen ; LL.D. 1901. 

Eraser, Professor Sir Thomas Richard, M.D., F.R.S., University, Edin- 
burgh ; LL.D. 1894 (Delegate). 

Gill, Sir David, K.C.B., LL.D., D.Sc, F.R.S., Cape of Good Hope ; 

LL.D. 1881. 
Giles, Professor Herbert Allen, M.A., University, Cambridge ; LL.D. 1897. 
Giles, Peter, M.A., Emmanuel College, Cambridge; LL.D. 1903. 
Gordon, William, Town Clerk of Aberdeen ; LL.D. 1903. 

Hastings, Rev. James, M,A., St. Cyrus; D.D. 1897. 
Hector, Rev. John, M.A., Aberdeen; D.D. 1894 (Delegate). 
Hetherwick, Rev. Alexander, M.A., Blantyre; D.D. 1902. 
Home, John, F.R.S., Edinburgh; LL.D. 1902. 
Huntly, Most Hon. the Marquis of; LL.D. 1893. 

* With the exception of Emeritus Professor David Masson, LL.D. 1864 (who was unable 
to be present, and who died 6th October, 1907), Principal Donaldson was the senior surviving 
Honorary Graduate of the University. 


Innes, Colonel Thomas, C.V.O., of Learney ; LL.D. 1895, 
Iverach, Rev. Principal James, M.A., U.F.C. College, Aberdeen ; 
D.D. 1 891 (Delegate). 

Jackson, Professor Henry, M.A., Litt.D., University, Cambridge ; LL.D. 

1895 (Delegate). 
Johnstone, Rev. George, M.A., B.D., Liverpool; D.D. 1891. 

Kelman, Rev. John, M.A., Edinburgh; D.D. 1904. 

Kintore, Right Hon. the Earl of, G.C.M.G., M.A. ; LL.D. 1889. 

Leask, Rev. James, M.A., Broughty Ferry; D.D. 1903. 
Lilley, Rev. James Philip, M.A., Arbroath ; D.D. 1903. 
Lippe, Rev. Robert, Aberdeen; LL.D. 1895. 
Littlejohn, David, Sheriff Clerk of Aberdeen ; LL.D. 1903. 
Low, Rev. Canon William Leslie, M.A., Largs ; D.D. 1901. 

Macbain, Alexander, M.A., Inverness ; LL.D. 1901. 

Macdonald, Rev. Charles Cadell, Aberdeen ; D.D. 1900. 

Macdonell, Sir John, C.B., M.A., London ; LL.D. 1892. 

Macdonell, William Robert, M.A., Aberdeen; LL.D. 1895. 

McGregor, Rev. Charles, M.A., Edinburgh; D.D. 1893. 

McKendrick, Emeritus Professor John Gray, M.D., F.R.C.P., F.R.S., 

Stonehaven; LL.D. 1882 (Delegate). 
Mackenzie, Rev. James, M.A., West Cults ; D.D. 1895. 
Mackie, Rev. George Munro, M.A., Beirout; D.D. 1901. 
Mackintosh, John, Aberdeen ; LL.D. 1888. 
Macleod, Rev. Donald, M.A., Edinburgh; D.D. 1887. 
McMurtrie, Very Rev. John, M.A., Edinburgh; D.D. 1890. 
Macpherson, George Morison, M.A., Boulogne ; LL.D. 1887. 
Macpherson, Rev. Robert, M.A., B.D., Elgin; D.D. 1904. 
Macpherson, Rev. William Mearns, M.A., Monymusk ; D.D. 1900. 
Manson, Sir Patrick, K.C.M.G., M.D., D.Sc, F.R.S., London ; LL.D. 1886. 
Miller, Rev. Alexander, M.A., B.D., Buckie; D.D. 1905. 
Milligan, Rev. George, M.A., B.D., Caputh ; D.D. 1904. 
Milne, Rev. John, M. A., Aberdeen ; LL.D. 1886. 
Mitchell, Very Rev. James, M.A., Edinburgh; D.D. 1881. 
Mitchell, Rev. James Robert Mitford, M.A., Edinburgh; D.D. 1892. 
Mollison, William Loudon, M.A., Clare College, Cambridge; LL.D. 1897 

Murison, Professor Alexander Falconer, M.A., University College, London ; 

LL.D. 1893. 
Morgan, Principal Conwy Lloyd, F.R.S., University College, Bristol; 

LL.D. 1903 (Delegate). 


Nicoll, Rev. William Robertson, M.A., London; LL.D. 1890. 

Niven, Sir William Davidson, K.C.B., M.A., F.R.S., Sidcup ; LL.D. 1884. 

Ogilvie, George, M.A., Aberdeen; LL.D. 1873. 
Ogilvie, Joseph, M.A., Aberdeen; LL.D. 1889. 

Osier, Professor William, M.D., D.C.L., D.Sc, F.R.S., University, Oxford ; 
LL.D. 1898. 

Paterson, Rev. Professor James Alexander, M.A., U.F.C. College, Edin- 
burgh ; D.D. 1894 (Delegate). 
Paul, Rev. David, M.A., Edinburgh; LL.D. 1894. 
Prain, Lt.-Col. David, C.T.E., M.A., M.B., F.R.S., Kew ; LL.D. 1900. 

Rae, Rev. George Milne, M.A., Edinburgh; D.D. 1893. 

Ramsay, Alexander, Banff; LL.D. 1895. 

Reid, Major-General Sir Alexander John Forsyth, K.C.B.. M.A., Aber- 
deen; LL.D. 1904. 

Reid, Sir George, R.S.A., Aberdeen; LL.D. 1892. 

Reid, Sir James, Bart., G.C.V.O., K.C.B., M.A., M.D., Ellon; LL.D. 1895. 

Rennet, David, Aberdeen; LL.D. 1885. 

Rettie, Middleton, M.A., K.C., Edinburgh; LL.D. 1894. 

Robertson, Rev. Professor James, M.A., University, Glasgow; D.D. 1880 

Robertson, Rev. James, D.S.O., Methven ; D.D. 1901. 

Rorison, Very Rev. Vincent Lewis, M.A., Perth ; D.D, 1899. 

Ross, Alexander, Inverness ; LL.D. 1895. 

Saintsbury, Professor George Edward Bateman, M.A., University, Edin- 
burgh ; LL.D. 1898. 

Schafer, Professor Edward Albert, D.Sc, F.R.S., University, Edinburgh ; 
LL.D. 1897. 

Schwartz, Joost Marius Willem van der Poorten- (" Maarten Maartens ") ; 
LL.D. 1905. 

Selbie, Rev. John Alexander, M.A., Aberdeen ; D.D. 1902. 

Sivewright, Sir James, K.C.M.G., M.A., Tulliallan ; LL.D. 1893. 

Skinner, Rev. Professor John, M.A., Westminster College, Cambridge; 
D.D. 1895. 

Smith, Rev. James, M.A., B.D., Newhills ; LL.D. 1892. 

Stark, Rev. James, Aberdeen; D.D. 1895. 

Steel, Rev. James, Heworth ; D.D. 1895. 

Stewart, Sir David, M.A., of Banchory-Devenick ; LL.D. 1895. 

Stirling, Right Hon. Sir James, M.A., F.R.S., Goudhurst ; LL.D. 1887 


Stout, Professor George Frederick, M.A., University, St. Andrews ; LL.D, 

Strathcona and Mount Royal, Right Hon., Baron, G.C.M.G., D.C.L., F.R.S., 

London; LL.D. 1899. 
Struthers, John, C.B., B.A., London ; LL.D. 1905. 
Sutherland, Sir Thomas, G.C.M.G., London ; LL.D. 1892. 

Thomson, Sir James, K. C.S.I. , M.A., London; LL.D. 1905. 
Trail, John Arbuthnot, M.A., LL.B., Edinburgh ; LL.D. 1902. 
Treves, Sir Frederick, Bart., G.C.V.O., C.B., London ; LL.D. 1903. 

Walker, Very Rev. William, M.A., Aberdeen; LL.D. 1885. 
Watson, Rev. Robert Alexander, M.A., Dundee; D.D. 1891. 
Watt, Sir George, CLE., M.B., Richmond; LL.D. 1904. 
Wilson, John, M.A., Banff; LL.D. 1893. 

Wilson, Emeritus Professor John Dove, Aberdeen; LL.D. 1884. 
Wiseman, Rev. James, M.A., Bucksburn ; D.D. 1905. 




Allan, George (M.C), Aberdeen. Wilson, Robert, M.A. (K.C.), Tarty, 

Simpson, Rev. James, M.A. (M.C), Ellon. 



Stephen, James, M.A. (K.C.), R.N., Walker, Very Rev. William, M.A. 
Aberdeen. (K.C), LL.D., Aberdeen. 


Giles, Rev. Alexander, M.A. (K.C), Poison, Robert Leslie, M.D. (K.C), 

Edinburgh. Old Aberdeen. 

Jack, John, M.A. (K.C), Aberdeen. 


Christie, Rev. Andrew, M.A. (K.C.), Martin, Alexander, M.A. (M.C), Aber- 

Kildrummy. deen. 


Paul, Dep.-Surg.-Gen. John Liston, 
M.A. (K.C), M.D. (Edin.), Ken- 


Masson, Rev. Donald T., M.A. (K.C), 
M.D. (-St. And.), Edinburgh. 

'This list includes : (i) all Members of General Council who intimated their intention of 
being present and consequently received tickets ; (2) all matriculated students who intimated 
their intention of being present and consequently received tickets; (3) certain, not 
members of General Council, to whom for special reasons (e.g., as being hosts of University 
guests or delegates ; or as having subscribed to the University Extension Schemes) tickets 
were sent. The names are arranged chronologically under the year of first matriculation in 
any faculty. K.C, M.C, stand for King's College and Maiischal College. 

(273) 18 



Dunn, William (M.C.), of Murtle. Rettie, Middleton, M.A. (M.C), 

Mackenzie, Sheriff Thomas, M.A. LL.D., Edinburgh. 

(M.C), Tain. 


Allan, Rev. James, M.A. (M.C.), Colvin-Smith, Surgeon-General Sir 

D.D., Marnoch, Banffshire. Colvin, K.C.B., M.D. (K.C.), 

Allardyce, Col. James (M.C.), LL.D., London. 

of Culquoich, Aberdeen. Johnstone, Rev. George, M.A. (M.C), 

Clark, Rev. Professor William R., D.D., Liverpool. 

M.A. (K.C), D.CL., Toronto. Ogilvie, George, M.A. (M.C), LL.D., 



Cameron, Archibald Cowie, M.A. Michie, Charles, M.A. (M.C.), Aber- 

(M.C), LL.D., Edinburgh. deen. 

Kemp, Rev. George Wright (K.C), Milne, Rev. John, M.A. (M.C), 

Trinity Gask. LL.D., Aberdeen. 

Paul, William (K.C), Muchalls. 


Bruce, Rev. Charles, M.A. (K.C), Mitchell, Very Rev. James, M.A. 

Glenrinnes. (M.C), D.D., Edinburgh. 

Donaldson [Sir] James, M.A. (M.C), Souter, James, M.A. (M.C), Aber- 

LL.D., Principal of St. Andrews deen. 

University (Delegate). Young, Rev. Alexander, M.A. (M.C.), 

Chapel of Garioch. 


Bidie, Surgeon-General George, CLE., Kelman, Rev. John, M.A. (K.C), 

M.B. (M.C), Bridge of Allan. D.D., Leith. 

Duke, Rev. William, M.A. (K.C), Young, Rev. William, M.A. (K.C), 

D.D. (St. And.), Arbroath. Glasgow. 

Edmond, William (M.C), Banchory. Youngson, Thomas A. W. A., M.A. 

(M.C.), Aberdeen. 


Marr, George, M.A. (K.C), M.D., Sutherland, Sir Thomas, G.CM.G. 

Aberdeen. (M.C.), LL.D., London. 

Mitchell, Rev. Joseph W., M.A. 

(K.C.), Sunderland. 



Baxter, Rev. Andrew J. B., M.A. 

(M.C), Edinburgh. 
Findlay, Rev. William, M.A. (K.C.), 

D.D., Larkhall. 
Gray, Brigade-Surgeon Robert, M.A. 

(K.C.), M.B., Aberdeen. 
Gray, Robert, M.A. (M.C.), Aberdeen. 

Mackenzie, Rev. James S., M.A. 

(K.C.), Little Dunkeld. 
Milne, Alexander (M.C), Aberdeen. 
Robertson, AVilliam B., M.A. (K.C.), 

Whyte, Alexander (K.C.), F.L.S., 



Duguid, Rev. James E. (M.C.), New- 

Grant, Brigade-Surgeon George, M.B. 

(K.C.), AUeyn Park, S.E. 
Haggart, Rev. John (M.C), Loch- 

McTvachlan, Rev. James, M.A. (K.C), 

Macpherson, Major James Farquhar- 

son, M.A. (K.C), Edinburgh. 

Ogston, Alexander M. (M.C), of 
Ardoe, near Aberdeen. 

Rennet, David (M.C), LL.D., Aber- 

Smith, Alexander Emslie (K.C), Aber- 

Sutherland, Rev. George, M.A. (M.C), 

Wilson, James, M.A. (K.C), Banff. 


Bruce, William, M.A. (K.C), M.D., 

LL.D., Dingwall. 
Lippe, Rev, Robert (M.C), LL.D., 

Stewart, Sir David, M.A. (K.C), LL.D., 


Stirling, Rt. Hon. Sir James, M.A. 

(K.C), LL.D., London. 
Warrack, Rev. Alexander, M.A. 

(M.C), Oxford. 


Barkway, Rev. Alexander B. (M.C), 

Chree, George, M.A. (K.C), Aber- 

Dunn, Rev. Charles, M.A. (M.C.), 
D.D., Birse. 

Grant, John Lyall (M.C), Aberdeen. 

Mackie, Brigade-Surgeon David, M.A. 
(K.C), M.D., Aberdeen. 

Mair, George, R.N., M.A. (M.C), 
M.D., Aberdeen. 

Ogilvie, Joseph, M.A. (M.C), LL.D., 

Parker, John, M.A. (M.C.), Aberdeen. 
Reith, Alex., M.D. (M.C), Aberdeen. 
Robbie, William (K.C), Aberdeen. 
Roy, Rev. James, M.A. (K.C), B.D., 

Evie, Orkney. 
Simmers, Rev. William, M.A. (K.C), 

Smith, Rev. James, M.A. (K.C), 

LL.D., Newhills. 
Stewart, Rev. John, M.A. (K.C), 

Strachan, Rev. James, M.A. (M.C), 





Bremner, Rev. Alexander, M.A. 
(M.C.), Fyvie. 

Copland, William, M.A. (M.C.), Aber- 

Frater, Rev. William D., M.A. (M.C.), 

Greig, Alexander, M.A. (K.C.), Aber- 

Greig, Surg.-Major John, M.B. (M.C), 
West Ealing, London, W. 

Lumsden, James F. (M.C.), Aberdeen. 

Macleod, Rev. Donald, M.A. (K.C), 
D.D., Edinburgh. 

Melville, William (M.C), Aberdeen. 

Ross, James (M.C), Aberdeen. 

Wilson, John, M.A. (M.C), LL.D., 


Anderson, Rev. Alexander, M.A. 
(K.C), Edinkillie. 

Cooper, Rev. Charles, M.A. (M.C), 
LL.D., Cluny. 

Donald, Rev. James, M.A. (K.C), 
D.D., Keithhall. 

Duguid, William R., M.A. (M.C), 
M.D., Buckie. 

Ewan, Rev. William, M.A. (M.C), 

Fowlie, Alexander, M.A. (M.C), Inver- 

Fraser, Angus, M.A. (M.C), M.D., 
LL.D., Aberdeen. 

Garden, Farquharson T. (M.C), Aber- 

Gordon, William (M.C), LL.D., Aber- 

Grant, Rev. James, M.A. (K.C), Kil- 
muir, Skye. 

Keith, Rev. John, M.A. (K.C), Aber- 

Kennedy, William (M.C), M.B. (Abd.), 
M.D., Tain. 

Maclean, Inspector General George, 
R.N., M.A. (M.C), M.B., London. 

Macpherson, George M., M.A. (K.C), 
LL.D., Boulogne-sur-Mer. 

Paul, George M., M.A. (K.C), Edin- 

Profeit, Rev. William, M.A. (K.C), 

Reid, John (K.C), M.D., Clifton 
House, Dinnet. 


Anderson, Andrew, M.A. (M.C), 

Brebner, Rev. James, M.A. (K.C.), 

Brown, David Dyce, M.A. (M.C), 

M.D., London. 
Burnett, Rev. Thomas, M.A. (K.C), 

Clark, James, M.B. (M.C), M.D., 

Cumine, John Baton, M.A. (M.C), 

Edmond, Alex., Jr. (M.C.), Aber- 

Gall, John, M.A. (K.C), LL.B. (Lond.), 

Gray, Rev. James G., M.A. (M.C), 
D.D. (St. And.), Rome. 

Hay, George Petrie (K.C), M.D., 

Ironside, George, M.A. (M.C), Rose- 

McCombie, Charles (M.C), Aber- 

McDougall, Rev. Robert (K.C), 


Robertson, Professor James, M.A. 
(K.C), D.D., [LL.D. (St. And.), 
1907], Glasgow (Delegate). 

Slessor, Rev. Robert, M.A. (M.C.), 

Wishart, Rev. Alexander (M.C.), 



Allan, Charles James, M.A. (M.C.), 
M.B. (Edin.), Lasswade. 

Anderson, John Ford (M.C.), M.D., 

Asher, James, M.A. (M.C.), Aber- 

Beattie, Brig. -Surg.-Lt. -Col. James F., 
M.A. (K.C), M.D., Insch. 

Benton, Alexander H., M.A. (K.C), 

Bisset, Col. Sir William S. S., K.C.I. E., 
M.A. (M.C), Stoke Poges. 

Cameron, Rev. Professor George G., 
M.A. (K.C), D.D., Aberdeen. 

Davidson, Alexander, M.A. (M.C), 

Dunbar, Rev. Robert G., M.A. (K.C), 

Duncan, Douglass (M.C.), Aberdeen. 

Duthie, William (K.C), Collynie, 

Eraser, Sir John G. (M.C), London. 

Gordon, Rev. Samuel, M.A. (K.C), 
B.D., Brighton. 

Gray, Robert C (M.C), S.S.C, Edin- 

Gray, Rev. Thomas D., M.A. (M.CO, 

Hall, Harvey (M.C.), Aberdeen. 

Logan, Thomas, M.D. (K.C), Harro- 

McDonald, Rev. George, M.A. (K.C), 
B.D., Rosskeen. 

Mearns, James, M.A. (K.C.), Aber- 

Meldrum, Rev. Andrew, M.A. (K.C), 

Murray, Alexander (M.C.), Aberdeen. 

Simpson, James (M.C.), Govan. 

Sutherland, Rev. Archibald, M.A. 
(K.C), Perth. 

Taylor, William (M.C), London. 

Thursfield, Thomas William (K.C), 
M.D. (Abd.) '60,1 Leamington. 

Troup, James (K.C), M.A., Aber- 

Turner, Lt.-Col. Alexander (M.C), 
M.D., Plymouth. 

Watt, Rev. George Christie, M.A. 
(K.C), B.D., Edinkillie. 

Webster, Alexander (M.C), Aber- 

Will, Colonel George (M.C), Aber- 


Davidson, Brig. -Surg. -Lt.-Col. James 

(M.C), M.A., M.B., Turriff. 
Dey, William (K.C), M.A., LL.D., 

Fowler, James E. (M.C), M.A., M.D., 

Gill, Sir David, K.CB. (M.C.), LL.D., 

Cape of Good Hope. 
Henderson, John M. (M.C), M.P., 


Littlejohn, David (M.C), LL.D., 

McGregor, Rev. Charles (K.C), M.A., 

D.D., Edinburgh. 
McHardy, Lt.-Col. Alexander B., 

CB. (M.C), Edinburgh. 
Macpherson, Rev. William M. (K.C), 

M.A., D.D., Monymusk. 
MacQuibban, Charles M. (M.C), 

M.D., Aberdeen. 

'The premier graduate of the University of Aberdeen. 



Meikle, Thomas H. (M.C), M.D., 

Minto, Surg.-Lieut.-Col. Alexander 

(M.C), M.B., London. 
Mortimer, William (M.C), M.D., 

Niven, Sir William D., K.C.B. (K.C), 

M.A., LL.D., Sidcup. 
Paterson, Alexander R. (M.C.), M.D., 

Paterson, William (M.C), M.A., M.D., 


Rainnie, Rev. John (K.C.), M.A., 

Stuart, Rev. Donald (K.C), M.A., 

Walker, Rev. George (M.C.), M.A., 

B.D., Castle Douglas. 
Walker, Robert (M.C), M.A., [LL.D. 

1907], Old Aberdeen. 
Watt, Thomas (M.C), M.A., M.D., 

Yeats, John (K.C), M.A., Banff. 
Youngson, Rev. Alexander (M.C), 

M.A., Stroma, Caithness. 


Fraser, Rev. Charles (K.C), M.A., 

Freuchie, Fife. 
Keith, Alexander D. (M.C), M.B., 

Low, Rev. Canon William L. (K.C.), 

M.A., D.D., Largs. 

Reith, Rev. Canon David (M.C.),M.A., 

Thomson, Rev. Henry M. (M.C), 
M.A., Ventnor. 

Wilson, Rev. John (M.C), M.A., Glas- 


Andrew, Allan R. (K.C), M.A., 
H.M.CLS., Hamilton. 

Center, Alexander (K.C.), M.A., Long- 

Clark, Rev. Alexander (K.C), M.A., 
Kingswells, Aberdeen. 

Cowie, William (K.C), Aberdeen. 

Dey, Rev. John (K.C), M.A., Syra- 
cuse, N.Y. 

Ferrier, Professor David (K.C), M.A., 
M.D. (Edin.), LL.D., London. 

Grant, Inspector General Robert, R.N., 
CB. (K.C), M.A., M.B., Kirk- 
michael, Banffshire. 

Johnston, Col. William, CB. (M.C), 
M.A., M.D. (Edin.), of Newton 

Macrobin, Lt.-Col. Andrew A. (M.C), 

M.A., M.B., London. 
Masson, Rev. Alexander (M.C), M.A., 

B.D. (Edin.), Kirkliston. 
Niven, Professor Charles (K.C), M.A., 

D.Sc. (R.U.I. ), Aberdeen. 
Ogston, Professor Alexander (M.C.), 

M.D., LL.D. (Glasg.), Aberdeen. 
Rae, Rev. George M. (K.C), M.A., 

D.D., Edinburgh. 
Thorn, George (K.C), M.A., LL.D. 

(St. And.), Aberdeen. 
Tindal, Rev. James J. (K.C), M.A., 



Anderson, Robert, Aberdeen. 
Dewar, William, M.A., Rugby. 
Forrest, Rev. James, M.A., [D.D. 

1 907], Lonmay. 
Grant, Robert, M.A., M.D., Dundee. 
Jamieson, George, C.M.G., M.A., 


Littlejohn, Alexander, of Invercharron. 

Macaulay, Rev. Duncan, M.A., Glass. 

McKendrick, Emer. Prof. John G., 
M.D., LL.D., Glasgow (Dele- 

Maconachie, Brigade-Surg.-Lieut.-Col. 
George A., M.D., Aberdeen. 


Miller, Rev. Alexander, M.A., D.D., 

Paul, Rev. David, M.A., LL.l)., Edin- 

Reid, Rev. Alexander H., M.A., Aber- 

Shiach, Rev. James M., M.A., Porto- 

Stephen, Col. Arthur, M.A., M,B., 

Turner, Robert S., M.A., M.D., Keith. 
Watson, Rev. Robert A., M.A., D.D., 

Westland, David M., Edinburgh. 
Westland, William, Woodthorpe, 

Will, John C. Ogilvie, M.D., Aberdeen. 


Brown, Dep. Insp. Gen. Richard 
Gavin, R.N., M.B., Weymouth. 

Burnett, Rev. John, M.A., B.D., Glas- 

Campbell, Alexander C, M.D., Dundee. 

Davidson, George F., M.B., Oyne. 

Dey, Alexander, M.A., LL.D. (Cantab.), 

Dunn, Rev. Peter, M.A., Dalmeny. 

Edmond, John, Eastbourne. 

Gray, Edward, M.B., London. 

Lilley, Rev. James P., M.A., D.D., 

Macdonald, Archibald M.,M.A., Aber- 

Macdonell, Sir John, C.B., M.A., 
LL.D., London. 

Mackintosh, Rev. Donald, M.A., Lan- 

Manson, Sir Patrick, K.C.M.G., M.D., 
D.Sc. (Oxon.), LL.D., London. 

Mearns, Rev. Duncan G., M.A., B.D., 
of Disblair, Newmachar. 

Mitchell, Stodart J., Aberdeen. 

Murray, Brig.-Surg. John, M.D., Lon- 

Reid, Major-General Sir Alexander 
J. F., K.C.B., M.A., LL.D., Aber- 

Shives, John, M.D., Shipley. 

Trail, John A., M.A., LL.D., Edin- 

Wedderburn, Lawrence C. M., M.A., 
Madderty, Perthshire. 

Whyte, John, R.N., M.D., Cullaird, 

Wight, Alexander F., M.A., Aberdeen. 


Annandale, Charles, M.A., LL.D., 

Bruce, John Mitchell, M.A., M.D. 
(Lond.), LL.D., London. 

Coutts, James Allan, M.D., Man- 

Cran, James, British Columbia. 

Crombie, Theodore, Aberdeen. 

Cruickshank, Brodie, M.A., M.D., 

Davidson, Alexander, Cults. 

Gillan, Rev. James, M.A., B.D., 

Hector, Rev. John, M.A., D.D., Aber- 
deen (Delegate). 

Johnston, William, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Lamb, Robert, Aberdeen. 
McGowan, James G., M.A., Paris. 
McLennan, Hugh, Aberdeen. 
Meffet, Alexander, Aberdeen. 
Mitchell, Patrick, M.A., M.D., Old 

Ness, G. Parker, London, W. 
Nicolson, David, C.B., M.D., London. 
Robertson, Alex. W., M.A., Banchory. 
Russell, Rev. William C, M.A., Dar- 

wen, Lanes. 
Sivewright, Sir James, K.C.M.Ci., 

M.A., LL.D., Tulliallan. 
Williams, Rev. George, Thornhill. 




Allan, James, M.A., Banff. 

Brebner, Rev. William, M.A., Aber- 

Bruce, Rev. William, Largo. 

Catto, Rev. John, M.A., Fintray. 

Cooper, Rev. Professor James, M.A., 
D.D., Glasgow (Delegate). 

Dickson, George, M.D., Edinburgh. 

Duguid, James, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Dunlop, John, M.D., Bradford. 

Ford, Colin M., M.A., Attleborough. 

Hutchison, George W., M.D., Chip- 

Leslie, Robert D., Aberdeen. 
Murison, Professor Alexander F., 

M.A., LL.D., London. 
Robson, John, M.D., Birkenhead. 
Sinclair, Surg.-Gen. David, C.S.L, 

M.B., Edinburgh. 
Smith, William, M.A., of CuUerne, 

Stephen, Rev. George, M.A., Glasgow. 
Thomson, Rev. Peter, M.A., D.D. 

(Edin.), Dunning. 


Bisset, James, M.A., Cults. 

Brown, William, M.A., M.B. (Edin.), 

Bruce, Rev. William S., M.A., D.D., 

Davidson, Rev. Professor William L., 

M.A., LL.D., Aberdeen. 
Falconer, George, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Farquhar, James, M.D., Marlboro'. 
Forsyth, Archibald, London. 
Forsyth, Rev. Peter T., M.A., D.D., 

Gordon, Rev. ^Eneas C., M.A., Cat- 

Gordon, Rev. Robert, M.A., Plus- 

Grant, Robert, M.A., Boharm. 
Hay, Peter G., M.B., Forgue. 
Innes, John B., M.A., Strathdon. 
Jamieson, Professor Andrew, Glasgow. 

Macdonald, Rev. George G., Cornhill, 

Mcintosh, Rev. Hugh, M.A., London, 

Maclean, Rev. Evan, M.A., Glen 
Urquhart, Inverness-shire. 

Maclean, Inspector General John C. 
B., R.N., M.A., M.D., Plymouth. 

Milne, Thomas, M.A., M.D., Aber- 

Neil, James, M.D., Oxford. 

Nicol, Rev. Professor Thomas, M.A., 
D.D. (Edin.), Aberdeen. 

Robb, Surg.-Major John, M.D., Aber- 

Smith, John B., M.A., M.B. (Edin.), 

Stuart, John W., M.A., Glasgow. 

Thomson, Sir James, K. C.S.L, M.A., 
LL.D., London, S.W. 


Cameron, Rev. Alexander, M.A., Jed- 

Carter, Richard, M.D., Bath, Somer- 

Crabb, James, M.A., M.D. (Edin)., 
London, N. 

Davidson, James, Aberdeen. 

Davidson, Rev. John B., M.A., Peter- 

Duncan, Rev. James B., M.A., Lyn- 

Inkson, Alexander F., M.A., London. 
Leask, Rev. James, M.A., D.D., 

Broughty Ferry, Forfarshire. 
Mackenzie, Duncan J., M.D., Glos- 

Macpherson, Rev. Robert, M.A., 

D.D., Elgin. 



McRobbie, Rev. William, M.A., 

Mearns, William, M.A., M.D., Gates- 

Meldrum, Thomas G., M.A., Kilmuir 

Murray, Rev. John, M.A., Dairsie. 

Reid, Sir James, Bart., G.C.V.O., 
K.C.B., M.A., M.D., LL.D., 

Sinclair, Sir William Japp, M.A., M.D., 

Smith, Patrick B., M.D., Nairn. 
Smith, William, Aberdeen. 
Stephen, Rev. William, M.A., B.D., 

Wiseman, Rev. James, M.A., D.D., 

Yeats, William, M.D., Manchester. 


Cameron, Rev. Richard, M.A., Jed- 

Cantlie, James, M.A., M.B., London. 

Center, George, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Christie, Rev. William, M.A., Dyce. 

Cruden, George, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Davidson, Rev. Robert, M.A., B.D. 
(Edin.), St. Cyrus. 

Davidson, William Clement, M.A., 

Duguid, John, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Forbes, John C M. Ogilvie, M.A., 
Boyndie House. 

Forrest, Rev. Joseph, M.A., Fraser- 

Garden, William, M.A., Penicuick. 

Gray, Rev. James, M.A., Fochabers. 

Macdonald, Rev. Duff, M.A., B.D., 

Miller, Daniel G., M.A., Glasgow. 

NicoU, Rev. William Robertson, M.A., 
LL.D., Hampstead. 

Pirie, Rev. William R., M.A., B.D., 

Reid, Professor Robert W., M.D., 

Rust, Rev. Alexander, M.A., Ar- 

Shewan, Alexander, M.A., St. Andrews. 

Simpson, William, M.D., Buckie. 

Trail, Professor James W. H., M.A., 
M.D., Aberdeen. 

Tytler, Peter, M.D., Manchester. 

Watson, Johnston, M.A., London. 

Wedderburn, Joseph R. M., M.A., 

Welford, George E., M.D., Sunder- 

Whyte, James R., Aberdeen. 


Brodie, Rev. William, M.A., B.D. 
(Edin.), Kirkpatrick Juxta. 

Calder, Rev. John, M.A., Crimond. 

Campbell, William, M.D., Cardiff. 

Chrystal, Professor George, M.A., 
LL.D., Edinburgh (Delegate). 

Davidson, Charles, M.D., Coventry. 

Donaldson, Rev. Andrew D., M.A., 

Drury, Charles D. H., M.D., Darling- 

Duthie, George F., Woodside. 

Ellis, Andrew M., M.A. (Durham), 
King Edward. 

Farquhar, Alex. W., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Ferries, Rev. George, M.A., D.D., 

Forbes, Henry O., LL.D., Liverpool. 

Gillies, Thomas R., Aberdeen. 

Jack, Rev. Alexander, M.A., Towie. 

Jack, John, M.A., Rathen. 

McCombie, John, M.A., M.D., Lon- 

Mitchell, Andrew, M.B., New Deer. 



Murray, Andrew, Aberdeen. 

Paterson, Rev. Professor James A., 
M.A., D.D., Edinburgh; (Dele- 

Philip, Rev. Pirie, M.A., B.D., Kells. 

Ramsay, Professor [Sir] William M., 
M.A., D.C.L. (Oxon.), LL.D. 
(St. And. and Glasg.), Litt.D. 
(Cantab.), D.D. (Edin.), Aber- 

Reid, William, M.A., Glasgow. 

Ross, Rev. Duncan M., M.A., Glass. 

Routledge, Rev. Alexander L., M.A., 

Simpson, James, Banff. 

Storie, Archibald J. W., S.S.C, Aber- 

Stuart, Rev. John, M.A., B.D., Fintray. 

Willock, Richmond C, M.D., Aber- 


Alexander, John, M.D., Glasgow. 
Anderson, Peter John, M.A., LL.B. 

(Edin.), Aberdeen. 
Bannerman, William, M.A., M.D., 

Edmond, George M., M.A., M.D., 

Flint, Rev. William C, M.A., Fort 

Forrest, Rev. James, M.A., Harthill. 
Fortescue, William A. I., M.B., 

Gall, Rev. John, M.A., Rutherglen. 
Garner, John E., M.D., Preston. 
Glegg, Alexander, Wandsworth. 
Kennedy, Professor Neil J. D., M.A., 

LL.D. (Edin.), Aberdeen. 
Macdonell, William R., M.A., LL.D., 

Middleton, George S., M.A., M.D. 

(Glasg.), Glasgow. 
MoUison, William L., M.A., LL.D., 

Cambridge (Delegate). 

Murdoch, Francis G., Edinburgh. 

Murray, James, M.P., Aberdeen. 

Murray, Rev. Thomas, M.A., South 
Farn borough. 

Ritchie, Alexander, M.A., Urquhart, 

Robertson, Robert D., M.A., Auchna- 

Skene, Thomas A., M.D., Cove. 

Skinner, Charles G. L., M.D., Man- 

Sorrie, George, M.A., Stonehaven. 

Urquhart, Alexander R., M.D., Perth. 

VVatson-Cheyne, Professor William, 
C.B., M.B. (Edin.), D..Sc. [Oxon., 
1907], London. 

Westland, Albert, M.A., M.D., Aber- 

Wilson, Robert M., M.A., M.D., 
of Tarty. 

Wyness, James D., M.D., Aberdeen. 


Brand, Alexander Theodore, M.D., 

Brown, Rev. John Low, Dallas. 
Calder, Rev. James Jolly, M.A., 

Connell, Rev. Robert, M.A., B.D., 

Innes, George, M.A., Birse. 
Legge, George A., M.A., M.D., 

Low, Rev. George, M.A., Folia Rule. 
Mackenzie, G. G. C, London. 

McKenzie, John, M.A., St. Andrews. 
Murray, Alex. M., Aberdeen. 
Noble, James, M.A., M.D., Braemar. 
Rae, William, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Robertson, Rev. George P., M.A., 

Rorison, Very Rev. Vincent L., M.A., 

D.D., Perth. 
Ruxton, Charles, Aberdeen. 
Scott, Rev. William, M.A., Mosstowie, 

Stronach, Alexander, Aberdeen. 


Thorn, Rev. Patrick B., M.A. (Glasg.), 

Trail, George S., M.A., M.D., Strichen. 
Vice, William A., M.B., Leicester. 
Watt, Sir George, CLE., M.B. (Glasg.), 

LL.D. (Abdn.), Richmond. 

Watt, Rev. William, M.A., B.l). 

(St. And.), Strathdon. 
Wilson, John O., M.A., M.D., Hunlly. 
Yule, Robert M., M.D., Lerwick. 


Allan, James, M.A., M.D., Leeds. 
Anderson, Rev. John H., M.A., Toot- 

Beveridge, Peter, Polmuir Road, 

Booth, James McKenzie, M.A., M.I)., 

Bruce,Alexander, M.A., M.D. (Edin.), 

Burnet, Robert W., M.D., London. 
Carnegie, Rev. David, M.A., Cul- 

Cran, George, M.D., Banchory 

Cruickshank, John F., Aberdeen. 
Fergusson, William, M. D., Banff. 
Fergusson, William B., M.D., Pains- 
Ferrier, Rev. Alex., M.A., Melrose. 
Fiddes, Thomas, M.D., Urmston. 
Frater, Rev. Arthur W., M.A., Cour- 

Gripper, Walter, M.A., M.B. (Cantab.), 


Harvey, George, M.A., Grantown-on- 

Lobban, Alexander, M.A., Nairn. 

Mackie, Rev. George M., M.A., D.D., 

Mackinnon, Lachlan, M.A., Aber- 

Scott, Rev. Robert, M.A., [D.D. 
1907], fCdinburgh. 

Sheppard, William T., M.D., Liver- 

Smith, Rev. James, M.A., B.D., Aber- 

Stewart, James A., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Swaine, Lt.-Col. Charles L., M.D., 
London, W. 

Taylor, Rev. Andrew R., M.A., Fal- 

Wardrop, Lieut.-Col. Douglas, M.B., 

Watson, Henry, M.D., Norwich. 

Whyte, George G., Aberdeen. 

Williamson, William H., ALD., Aber- 

Wood, James, M.A., Glasgow. 


Allan, Rev. James R., Stoneywood. 
Argo, Rev. Gavin E., M.A., B.D., 

Kincardine O'Neil. 
Birnie, Rev. Charles, M.A., Aberdour. 
Bower, David, M.D., Springfield 

House, Bedford. 
Cheyne, Walter S., M.D., Aberdeen. 
Cran, James, M.D., Accrington. 
Dingwall, Rev. George, M.A., B.D., 

Godson, Clement, M.D., London, W. 
Hastings, Rev. James, M.A., D.D., 

St. Cyrus. 

Henderson, Rev. George, M.A., B.D., 

Johnston, William, M.A., Ruthven. 
McAldowie, Alexander M., M.D., 

McLennan, John F., M.A., LL.B. 

(Edin.), Edinburgh. 
Melven, William, M.A., Glasgow. 
Miller, Rev. David, M.A. (St. And.), 

B.D. (Abd.), Ardclach. 
Murison, Rev. George R., M.A., 

Ogilvie, Rev. John, M.A., Slains. 



Pearson, John C, M.D., Brighton. 

Peterkin, Henry, Aberdeen. 

Raid, William R., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Russell, Rev. James A., M.A,, Aber- 

Scott, Rev. Alex. M., M.A., Aber- 

Thomson, Rev. James, M.A., Glasgow. 
Troup, Rev. George E., M.A., 

Brought)' Ferry. 
Watt, James P., M.A., M.B. (Edin.), 

White, William, M.D., Hadfield, near 



Alexander, Lewis D., M.A., M.D,, 

Allan, John Buckley, Aberdeen. 
Calder, Rev. Robert H., M.A., Glen- 

Christie, Rev. James, M.A., Auch- 

Craigen, John, Aberdeen. 
Findlay, Rev. Peter C, M.A., B.D., 

Eraser, John H., M.A., Alvah. 
Gardiner, Rev. Frank S., M.A., 

Geddie, Alexander, M.A., Fochabers. 
Greig, Gavin, M.A., New Deer. 
Harrower, Professor John, M.A., 

James, David McI. J., M.A., Huntly. 
McDonald, Rev. John C, M.A., 


McGregor, Rev. Duncan, M.A., Tor- 

Mackay, Rev. Alexander R., Aber- 

Mackie, Alexander, M.A., Aberdeen. 

McLeod, Patrick B. H., M.D., New 

McMillan, Donald, M.A., Falkland. 

Moir, John M., M.D., Inverness. 

Rattray, John M., M.A, M.D., Frome. 

Reid, William, M.D., Lochhead. 

Selbie, Rev. John A., M.A., D.D., 

Still, Rev. James I., M.A., Banchory- 

Sutherland, Rev. William S., M.A., 

Troup, Charles E., C.B., M. A., London. 

Watt, George, M.D., Aberdeen. 

Wright, Robert, M.A., Forgue, Huntly. 


Bannerman, William J. F., Aberdeen. 
Barclay, John B., Aberdeen. 
Booth, Williamson, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Chree, W^illiam, M.A., LL.B. (Edin.), 

Crombie, John William, M.A., M.P., 

Cruickshank, Rev. William, M.A., 

Dey, Alexander, M.B., Wooller. 
Duncan, Rev. James P., M.A., Dun- 

Durno, John, M.A., M.D., London. 
Goldsborough, Giles F., M.D., Heme 


Henderson, George Thompson, Lon- 

Jeffrey, James T., Aberdeen. 

Leask, William Keith, M.A., Aber- 

McKenzie, Rev. Alexander, M.A., 
B.D. (Edin.), Coull. 

Mackie, Rev. Charles, M.A., Drum- 

Mason, John W., M.B., Hull. 

Nicol, Alexander, M.D., Inverurie. 

Norton, Edward, M.D., Folkestone, 

Prain, Lieut-Col. David, CLE., M.A., 
M.B., LL.D., Kew. 


Reid, Alex. McD., M.A., Peterhead. 
Robertson, Rev. James, D.S.O., U.D., 

Robertson, William, Aberdeen. 
^^ Skinner, Rev. Professor John, M.A., 
D.D., Cambridge. 

Simpson, Professor William J. R., 

M.D., London. 
Watson, James, M.A., Edinburgh. 
Williamson, Alexander M., M.A., 



Barron, William, M.D., Letham. 
Blacklaw, Alexander, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Carline, William A., M.D., Lincoln. 
Dalgarno, George G., M.A., Arbroath. 
Gillies, John, M.A., Old Deer. 
Gordon, William, M.A., Falkirk. 
Grant, Rev. Alexander R., M.A., Port- 

Jamie, Robert W., M.A., M.B. (Edin.), 

Lawrence, Rev. William, M.A., Ban- 

Lawson, James, M.A., M.B., Dunecht. 
Little, William G., M.A., M.D., Blun- 

Mackie, William, M.A., M.D., Elgin. 
Macnaughton, Professor John, M.A., 

Toronto (Delegate). 
Maver, David, M.B., Bucksburn. 

Murray, George, M.A., Dyce. 

Murray, Rev. Gordon J., M.A., B.D,, 

Murray, John, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Nicoll, James R., M.A., M.D., Queens- 

Ogilvie, Francis G., [C.B. 1907], M.A., 
B.Sc. (Edin.),S. Kensington. 

Reid, Walter, Aberdeen. 

Russell, Alexander W., M.A., M.B., 

Simpson, Archibald F., London. 
V Skinner, Rev. John M., M.A., Old 

Waller, Augustus D., M.D., London 

Willox, William, M.A., East Croydon. 

Wilson, James, M.A., M.D., Lon- 


Black, Rev. Alexander, M.A., Lowick. 

Brown, William Carnegie, M.D., Lon- 

Butter, John Kerr, M.I)., Cannock. 

Churton, Thomas, M.D., Leeds. 

Collie, George D., Aberdeen. 

Collie, James Y., Aberdeen. 

Cooper, Patrick, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Cooper, William, M.D., Newmachar. 

Coutts, Lt.-Col. George, M.B., Salis- 

Cruickshank, Rev. Robert, M.A., 

Dey, John, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Eyval, John, M.A., Keith. 

Farquhar, Rev. Henry, M.A., B.D. 
(Edin.), Dalkeith. 

Fiddes, Rev. Alexander, M.A., B.D., 

Glegg, Arthur T., M.A.,LL.B.(Edin.), 

Griffith, Alexander H., M.D., Man- 

Harvey, Rev. James, M.A., Edin- 

Kennedy, Professor Archibald R. S., 
M.A., D.D. (Glasg.), Edinburgh 

Mackie, Rev. James, M.A., Pollok- 

Mackinnon, William, Aberdeen. 

McPherson, Charles S., M.A., Banff. 

Matheson, Rev. William S., M.A., 



Milligan, Rev. George, M.A., D.D., 

Nicol, James, M.B., Alford. 
Sellar, William M., Aberdeen. 
Smith, Rev. Hugh M., M.A., Nigg. 

Smith, Professor William R., M.D., 

D.Sc. (Edin.), London. 
Sorley, John T., M.A., Aberdeen. 
Sutherland, Rev, James G., M.A., 

B.D., Galston. 
Watt, John Stewart, Aberdeen. 


Adam, James, M.A., LL.D., Cam- 
bridge (Delegate). 

Arthur, Alexander T., M.B., Cults. 

Burnett, William Kendall, M.A. 
(Edin.), Aberdeen. 

Campbell, Hugh F., M.A., B.L., 

Chalmers, David M. A., M.A., Aber- 

Cowie, Rev. William, M.A., Maud. 

Cran, Rev. William, M.A., B.D. 
(Edin.), Skene. 

Gumming, Robert, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Currie, George B., M.A., M.D., 

Davidson, Andrew, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Davidson, Rev. James, M.A., B.D. 
(Edin.), Blackadder. 

Davidson, James W., M.A., Aber- 

Dufifus, Alexander, Aberdeen. 

Falconer, Francis, M.A., M.B., 

Geddes, James, M.A., Rothiemay. 

Gibson, Professor Robert J. H., M.A., 

Gibson, Thomas Best, M.A., M.B., 

Gilroy, Professor James, M.A., B.D., 
Aberdeen [D.D. (St. And.) 1907]. 

Hetherwick, Rev. Alexander, M.A., 
D.D., Blantyre. 

Hosie, Lt.-Col. Andrew, M.D., 

Inglis, John, MA., M.D., Hastings. 

Keith, Alexander, M.A., Methlick. 

Keith, William L., Aberdeen. 

Kelly, William, Aberdeen. 

Kerr, Joshua L., M.D., Kent. 

Ledingham, Alexander, Aberdeen. 

Lorimer, William, M.A., Forglen, 

Low, Rev. James, M.A., Folia Rule. 

MacBain, Alexander, M.A., LL.D., 

Macdonald, Coll R., M.D., Ayr. 

Mackintosh, Frank L, M.A., M,B., 

MacWilliam, Professor John A., M.D., 

Middleton, Rev. Alex., M.A., B.D. 
(Edin.), Brechin. 

Morrison, Rev. James, M.A., Desk- 

James N., M.A., Edin- 

Alfred M., M.A., B.D., 

Ogilvie, Rev. 

Philip, Rev. 

Reid, James, M.A., of Tyneholm, 

Reid, James R., M.D., Southport. 

Rennie, Alexander, M.A., M.B., 

Robb, Rev. George, M.A., Kirriemuir. 

Ross, Alexander C., C.B., M.A., 

Simpson, Alexander W., M.A., Mony- 

Smart, Peter, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Smith, George, M.A., Aberdeen. 

.Stewart, Charles, M.A., Tough. 

Taylor, James, M.A., M.D., Keith. 

Williams, Alexander M., M.A., Glas- 

Wilson, James, M.A., Ythan Wells. 



Angus, Rev. Andrew, M.A., Ruth well. 

Bateman, Alfred George, M.B., Lon- 

Bremner, James, M.B., London. 

Calder, Rev. George, M.A., B.D. 
(Edin.), Strathfillan. 

Cassie, William, M.A., Brantwood. 

Craig, James F., M.A., M.D., Birming- 

Cruickshank, Rev. [ohn R. , M.A., 
B.D., Stobo. 

Davidson, James, M.A., Glasgow. 

Duffus, James, M.U., Auchinblae. 

Ellis, Heber D., M.D., Bexhill-on-Sea. 

Eraser, John S., M.A., Inverness. 

Jack, John, M.A., Dingwall. 

Kelly, John D., M.A., Bridge of 

Knight, George D., M.D., London. 

Legg, Alexander R., M.A., Glasgow. 

McArthur, James L, M.B., Gardens- 

Mackenzie, Rev. Neil K., M.A., 

Middlelon, Rev. James R., M.A., 

Milligan, David M. M., M.A., Aber- 
Morren, William B., M.A., Aberdeen. 
Murray, Alexander, M.A., Birnie. 
Philip, John B., M.A., Aberdeen. 
Rattray, Patrick W., M.A., M.B., 

Reid, Duncan J., M.B., Ealing. 
Scatterty, William, M.A., M.D., 

Keighley, Yorks. 
Scott, Rev. John, Auchterless. 
Sinclair, William, M.B., Aberdeen. 
Stephen, Rev. Roderick M., M.A., 

Strachan, Rev. John, M.A., Crudcn 

Stuart, Rev. James, M.A., Edinburgh. 
Stuart, Rev. John, M.A., Killean. 
Thom, Donaldson R., M.A., Aberdeen. 
Watson, James S., M.A., Inverness. 
Weir, Rev. James G. T., M.A., 



Anderson, Rev. Alexander, M.A., 

Birnie, Rev. George, M.A., B.D., 
Speymouth, Morayshire. 

Chree, Rev. William, M.A., B.D., 

Clarke, Duncan, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Cooper, Rev. William B., M.A., 

Coutts, Rev. James, M.A., Ardallie. 

Cowie, Alexander M., M.B., Duff- 

Crombie, James E., M.A., [LL.D. 
1907], Parkhill House. 

Davidson, James McK., M.B., Lon- 

Dickson, Rev. William C, M.A., 

Fenton, George, Aberdeen. 

Galloway, James, M.A., M.D., London 

Gibb, Rev. Alexander G., M.A., 

Gibbons, Henry, M.D., Desborough. 
Giles, Peter, M.A., LL.D., Cambiidge. 
Grant, Joseph, M.A., Midmar. 
Grant, Rev. William, M.A., B.D., 

Griffith, Professor Thomas W., M.D., 

Gunn, Angus M., M.A., Brora. 
Harper, Rev. James W., M.A., Leven. 
Kemp, Rev. Robert S., M.A., B.D., 

Old Deer, 
Lawson, Rev. George, M.A., Selkirk. 
Lendrum, Rev. Robert A., M.A., 

Lyall, Charles R., M.B., Kirkstall. 


Macdonald, Rev. Angus M., M.A., 

McLachlan, William M., M.A., Edin- 

MacWilliam, Rev. George, M.A., 

Meldrum, John, M.A., Perth. 

Middleton, James, M.B., Peterhead. 

Ogg, Rev. William, M.A., Cockenzie. 

Scott, Robert A., M.A., Brechin. 

Shaw, Ronald W. F., M.A., Edinburgh. 

Shewan, James S., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Simpson, Alexander, M.A., M.D., 

Smith, Very Rev. Charles Pressley, 
M.A., Oban. 

Smith, Rev. James, M.A., Kinin- 

Swanson, Rev. William S., M.A., 

Thomson, John D., M.A., M.B., 

Watt, Charles, M.A., Knockando. 

Watt, Rev. Thomas D., M.A., Aber- 

Williamson, George, M.B., Aberdeen. 

Wilson, Rev. Alexander, M.A., Ythan 

Wiseman, Rev. Alexander, M.A., 


Alexander, William, M.A., M.D., 

Clark, John, M.A., D.Sc, Cairo. 

Cowie, Henry, M.A., New Deer. 

Dalgarno, James J. Y., M.A., M.B., 

Don, Alexander, M.A., M.B., Dundee. 

Forbes, Alexander, M.A. (Edin.), 

Fraser, Rev. James W., M.A., Kirk- 

Gerrard, Macpherson G., M.A., 

Gibb, George, M.A., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Gordon, John, M.D., Aberdeen. 

Greer, Frederick A., M.A., Liver- 

Hay, Edward H., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Inglis, Arthur S., M.D., St. Leon- 

Kemp, John, M.A., Kelso. 

Lumsden, Charles D., M.A., Aber- 

McHardy, Rev. William, M.A., B.D., 

Mackenzie, William L., M.A., M.D., 

McLeod, Charles, M.A., D.Sc, Aber- 

Marr, Rev. Edward, M.A., Kirkcaldy. 

Middleton, William R. C, M.A., M.B., 

Russell, James, M.A., M.D. (Edin.), 

Russell, John, M.A., M.B., Burslem. 

Ruxton, William L., M.B., Newcastle- 

Stalker, Rev. John, M.A., Blairdaff. 

Stewart, Charles, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Stewart, David B. D., M.A., Drum- 

Thorn, Alexander P., M.B., Durris. 

Thomson, Major James, M.A., M.B., 

Thomson, William Stewart, M.A., 

Turner, Ellerington R., M.B., Kin- 

Wattie, James McP., M.A., H.M.I.S., 
Broughty Ferry. 

Will, James, M.A., New Pitsligo, 

Williams, William, M.A., Newburgh. 

Wilson, Alexander, Aberdeen. 



Angus, Henry, M.D., Ringley. 

Bain, Richard W. K., M.A. (Glasg.), 

Barrett, Charles William Sessions, 

M.B., Hinckley. 
Beaton, Robert M., M.B., London. 
Beveridge, Alexander T. G., M.A., 

M.B., Aberdeen. 
Beveridge, Rev. William, M.A., New 

Brockie, Robert Taylor, M.A., Meikle- 

Butchart, Charles A., M.B., Leith. 
Coutts, Rev. John, M.A., Arbroath. 
Croll, Francis, M.A., Cults. 
Davidson, George, M.A., M.D., Tor- 

Dean, John R., Aberdeen. 
Dow, Peter, M.A., Elgin. 
Duffus, George, M.B., Woking. 
Elphinstone, James, M.A., King 

Forsyth, Stephen, M.A., Glasgow. 
Galloway, Alexander R., M.A., M.B., 

Gibb,AlfredW.,M.A.,B.Sc., Aberdeen. 
Gillis, A., Cardiff. 
Grant, William, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Grant, Rev. William M., M.A., Drum- 
Law, John, M.A., Maud. 
Ledingham, William, M.A., Boyndie. 
Littlejohn, James R., M.A., Drumoak. 

McKerron, Robert G., M.A., M.D., 

Maclennan, Andrew A., M.B., Ler- 

Mair, Rev. John, M.A., Keith. 

Milligan, William, M.D., Manchester. 

Minto, John, M.A., Edinburgh. 

Mitchell, Peter C, M.A., D.Sc. 
(Oxen.), London. 

Munro, James M., M.B., Tarves. 

Murison, William, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Peace, James B., M.A., Cambridge. 

Petrie, Rev. William S. B., M.A., 

Pirie, James, M.A., M.D., Leaming- 

Reid, Charles, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Reid, William, M.A., Fraserburgh. 

Riddell, John Scott, M.V.O., M.A., 
M.B., Aberdeen. 

Riddoch, William, M.A., Stonehaven. 

Rose, Donaldson S., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Sarkies, Lt.-Col. Carrapiet J., M.B., 
London, S.W. 

Savege, James, M.D., Hull. 

Simpson, George A., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Sleigh, Charles W., M.A., Lesmahagow. 

Thain, Alex. J. R., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Watt, James L., M.A., M.B., Ply- 

Wilson, William S., M.A., St. Peters- 


Alcock, Lt.-Col. Alfred W., CLE., 

M.B.,LL.D.,Calcutta (Delegate). 
Allan, James, M.A., Edinburgh. 
Allardyce, Rev. Robert, M.A., Twyn- 

Anderson, Matthew F., M.B., Dundee. 
Beattie, James, M.A., Oban. 
Cardno, Alexander S., M.A., M.B., 

New Deer, Aberdeenshire. 
Chree, Rev. George J., M.A., B.D., 


Cormack, James, M.A., St. Fergus. 

Cox, Rev. James T., M.A., B.D., Dyce, 

Crowe, William Christie, M.B., Aber- 

Dean, George, M.A., M.B., Elstree. 

(Neddie, David W., M.A., M.B., Aber- 

Jaffrey, Rev. Robert L., M.A., Aber- 

Joss, John, M.A., M.B., Denny. 




Kirton, Alexander C, M.A., Methlick. 
Lumsden, Major Philip J., M.B., 

McConachie, Rev. William, M.A., 

B.D., Guthrie. 
Mackinnon, Archibald D., C.M.G., 

M.D., London. 
MacLennan, Roderick, M.A., Gran- 

Macpherson, James T., M.D., Man- 
Malcolm, John, M,B., Kemnay. 
Middleton, George, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Miller, John P., M.A., B.Sc. (Manch.), 

Milne, Alexander, M.B., Ilkley. 
Milne, Leslie J., M.A., M.D., Mirfield. 
Milne, Rev. Thomas, M.A., Carron- 

Milne, William M., M.A., M.B.(Edin.), 


Raeburn, Alex. J., M.A., LL.B. (Edin.), 

Reid, William, M.A., London. 

Reith, Rev. George M., M.A., Edin- 

Shirres, David A., M.B., Montreal 

Smith, Alexander E., Jr., M.A., Aber- 

Smith, Robert G., M.A., Banff. 

Stewart, David, M.A., Aberchirder. 

Stewart, William D., M.A., Banchory 

Stormonth, Peter, M.A., Dunferm- 

Third, John A., M.A., D.Sc, Beith. 

Thomson, Rev. William, M.A., B.D., 

TuUoch, William G., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Wilson, James A., M.A., B.Sc. (Edin.), 


Black, William, M.A., Rayne. 

Brown, Alexander W., M.A., M.B., 
D.Sc, Margate. 

Burnett, Rev. James B., M.A., B.D., 

Craig, John, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Cushny, Professor Arthur R., M.A,, 
M.D., London (Delegate). 

Dewar, Rev. James, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Dewar, Thomas F., M.D., B.Sc. 
(Edin.), Arbroath. 

Duff, Professor John Wight, M.A., 
Newcastle-on-Tyne (Delegate). 

Duthie, George, M.A., Woodside. 

Forsyth, John G. Asher, M.B., Inver- 

Fortune, Rutherford, M.A., Edin- 

Fyfe, Thomas H., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Grant, Tames, M.A., LL.B. (Edin.), 

Henderson, Rev. Richard, M.A., B.D., 

Herd, William M., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Lamont, Donald M., M.A., Elgin. 

MacCallum, Rev. \V., M.A., Gordon. 
Macdonald, Professor Hector M., 

M.A., Aberdeen. 
Maclnnes, Rev. Donald, M.A., B.D., 

Mackenzie, Rev. George, M.A., B.D., 

Mackintosh, Rev. John, M.A., Hes- 

wall, Cheshire. 
MacMillan, Rev. John R., M.A., 

Macrae, Farquhar,M.B., London, S.W. 
Melvin, James, M.B., Rochdale. 
Mennie, Rev. George W., M.A., 

Park, Rev. George M., M.A., B.D., 

Petrie, Rev. Edmund J., M.A., New 

Raitt, James, M.A., Mintlaw. 
Reaich, James, M.A., New Aberdour. 
Robertson, Rev. James, M.A., For- 

Robertson, Rev. Robert, M.A., B.D., 



Thomson, Benjamin, M.A., Forfar. 
Urquhart, William D., M.B., Smeth- 

Watt, Neish P., M.A., M.B. (Edin.), 


White, Cress well F., M.B., Temple- 
combe, Somerset. 
Williams, John W., M.A., Torphins. 
Wilson, George, M.A., Whitehills. 


Allan, Alexander Gregory, M.A., M.U., 

Brand, Adam, M.A., London. 
Brownie, William, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Byres, William J., M.A., M.D., Dul- 

Cameron, Hugh Fraser, M.B., Inver- 

Clark, James, M.A., H.M.LS., Perth. 
Clark, Robert M., B.Sc, Aberdeen. 
Cooper, Rev. Alfred A., MA., Aber- 
Crombie, James F., M.A., Danestone. 
Don, James, M.D., Newcastle-on- 

Gregor, Alexander, M.D., Penryn. 
(rrierson. Professor Herbert J. C, 

MA., Aberdeen. 
Hadden, James A., Aberdeen. 
Hall, Rev. James, Banchory Ternan. 
Henderson, Alexander Duff, London. 
Laing, George R., M.A., Aberdeen. 
Laing, Thomas, M.A., Glenlivet. 
Ligertwood, James, M.A., Kinellar, 

Lyon, Rev. James G., M.A., B.D., 

Macdonald, Alexander, M.A., Durris. 

Macdonald, John, M.A., B.Sc, Ph.D. 
(Jena), Dunfermline. 

Macfie, Ronald C, M.A., M.B., Dun- 

McMillan, Rev. Donald, M.A., Edin- 

Miller, Alexander L., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Morgan, Rev. William, M.A., Tar- 

Morrison, Joseph M., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Paterson, William, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Profeit, Alexander C, M.D., Ballater. 

Rannie, Robert, M.B., Peterculter. 

Robertson, Alexander M. S., M.A., 

Rose, George, M.B., Aberdeen. 

Scott, Lindley M., M.A., M.D., Lon- 
don, S.W' . 

Silver, Rev. David, ALA., Gordon. 

Smith, Rev. Harry, M.A., Tibbermore. 

Stuart, Rev. John, M.A., B.D., Kirk- 

Symmers, Professor William St. Clair, 
M.B., Belfast. 

Thomson, Robert, M.B., Uddingston. 

Webster, George O., M.A., Matlock. 

Williamson, Robert M., M.A., LL.B. 
(Edin.), Aberdeen. 


Aymer, Charles, M.B., Bervie. 

Barclay, William, M.A., Monquhitter. 

Bremner, James M. G., M.B., Nor- 

Brown, George Wilson, M.A., M.B., 

Brown, Henry Havelock, M.B., Ley- 
tonstone, Essex. 

Bulloch, John Malcolm, M.A., Lon- 

Bulloch, William, M.D., London. 

Butter, John S., M.B., Dundee. 

Cadenhead, Rev. Arthur, M.A., B.D., 

Cadenhead, Rev. John, MA., Fraser- 

Christie, William, M.B., Aberdeen. 

Clark, James, M.A., Fintry, Turriff. 

Comper, Rev. Leonard W., M.A., 



Davidson, Rev. Thomas, M.A., B.D., 

Duguid, Wm. R., M.A., M.B., Buckie. 

Duncan, George, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Forbes, Alexander, M.B., Sheffield. 

Forsyth, William, M.A., Grantown-on- 

Gray, Howard A., M.A., London. 

Hendry, James, M.A., Cruden. 

Johnstone, James, B.A. (New Zea.), 
M.B., Richmond. 

Kellas, Rev. John, M.A., B.D., Rathen. 

Leach, John, M.A., M.B., Beauly. 

Ledingham, Rev. James G., M.A., 

Lendrum, Rev. John, M.A., Elgin. 

Lippe, Charles, M.A., LL.B. (Edin.), 

Little, Andrew, M.B., Bradford. 

Lumsden, Edward R., M.A., Aber- 

Lyon, Alexander B., M.D., Hammer- 

McCombie, Rev. John, M.A., B.D., 

McGillivray, Angus, M.D., Dundee. 

Mackintosh, Ashley W., M.A., M.D., 

Marnoch, John, M.A., M.B., Aber- 

Meldrum, Rev. Charles, M.A., Birsay. 

Milne, Joseph E., M.A., M.D., Aber- 

Monro, Rev. Alexander, M.A., Men- 

Morrison, James W., M.A., Melness. 

Philip, Rev. Robert G., M.A., Glen- 

Pirie, William R., M.A., M.B., Aber- 

Rennett, James B., M.A., Aber- 

Ross, William, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Simpson, John, M.A., Drumblade. 

Smith, Rev. Alexander C, M.A., 

Smith, Rev. Alexander H., M.A., B.D., 

Smith, John, M.B., Nottingham. 

Smith, William, M.A., Gartly. 

Smith, William A., M.B., Darwen. 

Strath, William, M.A., Crathie. 

Stuart, Peter, M.A., Cairney. 

Tawse, George W. H., M.B., White- 

Wilson, George, M.A., M.B., Nairn. 


Anderson, Alexander G., M.A., B.Sc, 
M.B. (Edin.), Aberdeen. 

Bell, James, M.B., Lumphanan. 

Black, George, M.B., London. 

Black, William Rose, M.A., Elgin. 

Bonner, Thomas Irvine, M.A., M.B., 

Brebner, Alexander G., M.A., Balqu- 

Calder, John, M.A., Fraserburgh. 

Coutts, John Chapman, M.A., Bog- 

Cruickshank, Adam L. P., M.A., M.B., 

Easton, Harry M., M.A., Balerno 

Findlay, Rev. Adam F., M.A., Ar- 

Fraser, Duncan, M.A., Ardclach, 

Gardyne, Rev. Charles, M.A., Forfar. 

Gordon, Charles, M.A., Blackburn. 

Henderson, Albert, M.A., M.D., 

Jack, Rev. George, M.A., Edin- 

Jenkins, Rev. William F., M.A., 

Kelly, Francis, M.D., Aberdeen. 

McDonald, Donald J., M.B., Storno- 

McDonald, John, M.B., Kildrummy. 



Mackie, Alexander H., M.A., M.I)., 

McPherson, James S., M.A., Ythan 

Mansie, Rev. John, M.A., Dundee. 

Morrison, George A., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Munro, Andrew, M.A., Cambridge. 

Ogston, Alexander, M.A., M.B., 

Rennet, David, M.D., Aberdeen. 

Renton, Maurice W., M.D., Dartford. 

Robertson, William, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Ross, Rev. William, M.A., Kilmar- 

Sinclair, William, M.A., M.B., Ellon. 

Smith, Major George M. C., M.A., 
M.B., Ind. Med. Serv. 

Smith, James, M.A., M.B., Peterhead. 

Stark, Rev. William Aylmer-, M.A., 

Stephen, William H., M.B., Smeth- 
wick, Birmingham. 

Taylor, William C, M.B., London. 

Tocher, James F., Peterhead. 

Troup, James, M.B., Manchester. 

Wallace, John D., M.A., Inverness. 

Watson, James W., M.B., Elgin. 

Williamson, Charles, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Williamson, George A., M.A., M.D., 

Williamson, James S., M.B., Wool- 

Wishart, Rev. Alexander W'., M.A., 

Wishart, Rev. Walter T., M.A., Aber- 


Adams, Alexander S., M.B., Rilling- 

Adams, William, M.A., Birse. 
Anderson, John B., M.A., Logie 

Bartlet, Rev. George, M.A., Forgue. 
Black, George G. McL., M.A., M.B., 

Brown, William Brodie, M.B., Aboyne. 
Bruce, Robert H. G., M.B., Friock- 

Cameron, Rev. Allan T., M.A., Edin- 
Christie, Rev. James, M.A., Strom- 

Clark, John Low, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Cochran, Francis J., M.A., Aberdeen. 
Cooper, James S., M.D., Newmachar. 
Copland, Rev. Alexander, M.A., Ar- 

Cowie, Charles G., M.A., M.D., 

Davidson, Charles, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Dawson, James, M.A., M.B., Newton 

Donald, Alexander, M.A., Ordiquhill. 

Eraser, Arthur, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Georgeson, James, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Harper, Peter, M.A., M.D., Crouch 

Henderson, Alfred, M.A., New Byth. 

Jobberns, Rev. Joseph B., M.A., 

Levack, John R., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Low, Alexander, M.A., M.B., Aber- 

Mcintosh, Donald C, M.A., Edin- 

McLean, Rev. John D., M.A., B.D., 
Mary ton. 

McLeod, Rev. Duncan, M.A., Carlo- 
way, Stornoway. 

Marr, William L., M.A., B.Sc, Aber- 

Mearns, Edward S., M.A., Corse. 

xMeston, Rev. \Villiam, M.A., B.D. 
(Edin.), Madras. 

Milligan, Frederick P., M.A., Edin- 

Mitchell, Rev. Principal Anthony, 
M.A., B.D., Edinburgh (Dele- 



Mitchell, Charles, M.B., Aberdeen. 
Mitchell, George, M.A., Skene. 
Philip, William, M.A., B.Sc, Aberlour. 
Pirie, Alexander A., M.A., Tarves. 
Ritchie, James, M.D., Mintlaw. 

Smith, William McQueen, M.A., 

White, John G., M.A., Aberlour. 
Younie, Alexander McD., M.A., 



Bain eaves, Alexander, M.A., Aber- 
Barron, Archibald C, M.D., Dailly. 
Barron, Claud A., I.C.S. 
Bisset, Rev. Peter S., M.A., B.D., 

Bower, George Haddon, M.A., Aber- 
Christie, John F., M.A., M.B., Aber- 
Clark, William Henry, M.D., Aberdeen. 
Crombie, Walter P., M.B., Aberdeen. 
Cruickshank, Alexander T., M.A., 

Dewar, William J., M.D., Arbroath. 
Duncan, William O., B.A. (Cantab.), 

Esson, George S., M.A., Aberdeen. 
Fyfe, William, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Gawn, Reginald D., M.B., London, 

Gillies, Kenneth, M.A., M.B., Tain. 
Gordon, John H. F., M.A., Aberdeen. 
Hay, James, M.A., B.L., Aberdeen. 
Henderson, James W., M.A., Aber- 
Ironside, James, M.A., Fraserburgh. 
Ironside, Samuel C, M.B., Fochabers. 
King, William B., M.A., Aberdeen. 
Laing, Rev. William S., M.A., Rhynie. 
Littlejohn, Robert M., M. A., Aberdeen. 
Macdonald, Rev. John S., M.A., 

Allan, William, M.A., B.Sc. (Agr.), 

Anderson, Norman W., M.D., Strath- 

Baxter, Andrew, M.D., Darwen. 
Beaton, Frank, M.D., Hirst. 

Maclennan, Rev. John N., M.A., 

Macrae, Rev. Donald, M.A. (St. And.), 
B.D. (Abdn.), Edderton. 

Massie, Thomas, M.B., London, S.E. 

Milne, Christian H. M., M.A., Ar- 

Newlands, William, M.A., CuUen. 

Nicholson, Harry O., M.D., Edin- 

Paull, James G., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Philip, James F., M.D., West Ealing. 

Philip, Rev. John A., M.A., Kirrie- 

Profeit, WiUiam J., M.A., B.Sc. (Agr.), 

Rae, John E., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Ritchie, George N., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Robb, Alexander, M.A., M.D., 

Robb, Frank M., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Robertson, Michael F. G., M.A., 

Sinclair, Edmond, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Smith, Rev. George Watt, M.A., Glas- 

Smith, James C, B.Sc, Wembley. 

Smith, William Dickie, M.A., Aber- 

Stephen, Rev. William, M.A., B.D., 

Taylor, George A., Dundee. 

Taylor, James, M.A., Kintore. 

Bell, CHfford T., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Byres, George, M.A., M.B., Lennox- 

Cameron, Rev. John A., M.A., B.D., 

Cowie, William, M.A., M.B., Charlton. 


Davidson, James, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Duncan, Macbeth M., B.A. (Cantab.), 

Duthie, William C, M.B., Blackburn. 

Edward, Peter, M.A., B.Sc, Aber- 

Esslemont, William D., M.A., B.L., 

Fraser, Charles, M.A., Stoneywood. 

Galbraith, Thomas H., M.B., Wolver- 

Gall, Alexander G., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Garden, William, M.A., B.L., Aber- 

Geddes, George, M.D., Heywood. 

(iilby. Rev. Arthur, M.A., Ripponden. 

(rillespie, James, M.B., Peterhead. 

Hall, Fleet-Surg. John P., M.B., R.N., 
Channel Fleet. 

Kay, Frederick W., M.A., B.L., Aber- 

Keys, William A., M.A., B.Sc, Aber- 

I.yon, Peter Macdonald, M.B., 

Mackintosh, Duncan D., M.B., 

Marshall, Robert H., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Milligan, Wyndham A., M.A., M.D., 

Moir, William, M.D., Darwen. 

Munro, Hector, M.B., Bradford. 

Pardee, John G., M.B., London. 

Richardson, William S., M.A., Lums- 

Ross, David, M.D., London. 

Ross, William, M.D., West Hartlepool. 

Shirreffs, William, M.B., Aberdeen. 

Simpson, George A., M.A., Strichen. 

Sinclair, Andrew M. R., M.B., London. 

Sivewright, David, M.A., M.B., Cat- 

Stuart, Rev. James, M.A., Liverpool. 

Symon, James D., M.A., London. 

Walker, John, M.A., Dundee. 

Warrack, James S., M.A., M.D., 

West, John T., M.B., Govan. 

Wilson, John T., M.D., Bothwell. 

Wilson, Stuart, M.A., Botriphnie. 


Alexander, Adam, M.B., London. 

Bruce, Robert, M.A., M.D., Cults. 

Burgess, Robert, M.B., Stanley. 

Cowie, George, M.B., Wimbledon. 

Cran, James, M.D., Rhynie. 

Cranna, AV^illiam H., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Crombie, James M. Paterson, M.B., 

Cruickshank, William L. H., M.A., 

Donald, James, M.A., London. 

Douglas, Robert, M.A., M.B. (Glasg.), 

Duncan, Rev. John R., M.A., B.D., 
St. Andrews-Lhanbryd. 

Duthie, David H., M.A., B.L., Aber- 

Duthie, James H., M.A., Aberdeen. 

lidwards, Alfred W., Aberdeen. 

Falconer, Donald G., M.B., Foyers. 

Fraser, William G., M.A., H.M.LS., 

Garvie, Rev. William, M.A., Ballan- 

Hector, William, M.B., Tarland. 

Henderson, William E., M.A., M.B., 

Howie, Peter, M.B., Aberdeen. 

Innes, James, M.A., Alford. 

Ledinghani, Alexander, M.A., M.D., 

Macdonald, William, M.B., Liverpool. 

McGowan, Robert G., M.D., Man- 

McHardy, Rev. James C, M.A., B.D., 

Mackay, John, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Mackintosh, James, M.A., Paisley. 

McLean, James, M.A., Lumphanan. 

Macleod, Malcolm, M.B., Morpeth. 



McPherson, John G., M.A., Tomin- 

Mair, Prof. Alex. W., M.A., Edinburgh. 

Mitchell, William, M.A., LL.B. (Edin.), 

Moir, David R., M.A., M.B., Hull. 

Moncur, James, M.B., Aberdeen. 

Murray, John W., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Philip, James C, M.A., D.Sc, Ph.D. 
(Gott.), London. 

Philip, William M., M.B., Colombo. 

Pozzi, Joseph, M.A., Nelson. 

Reid, John, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Rennet, Ernest, M.A., B.L., Aber- 

Rose, John A., M.A., M.B., Oaken- 

Shand, Rev. Alexander M., M.A., 

Bridge of Weir. 
Sleigh, George B., M.A., M.B., 

Smith, William M., M.B., [M.D. 1907], 

Souter, Professor Alexander, M.A., 

D.Litt., Oxford. 
Stewart, George I. T., M.A., M.B., 

B.Sc, Banchory House. 
Strachan, Rev. Robert H., M.A., 

Taylor, John E., M.A., Inverkeithny. 
Traill, Rev. Joseph, M.A., B.D., 

Urquhart, Alexander, M.A., M.D., 



Barclay, John McC, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Brebner, Frank, M.A., Portlethen. 

Brown, Arthur R., M.A., Edinburgh. 

Bruce, Thomas, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Campbell, Robert F., M.B., Wark-on- 

Cheyne, George, M.A., Kenneth- 

Dewar, John C, M.A., B.L., Arbroath. 

Duncan, George M., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Emslie, Alexander, M.A., Fordyce. 

Forrest, Alexander, M.A., Kinellar. 

Eraser, Thomas, M.A., M.B., Aber- 

Gibb, John A., M.B., Maidstone. 

Gilchrist, James G., M.A., B.Sc. 
(Lond.), Rothienorman. 

Gunn, George T., M.A., M.B., Bux- 

Johnston, James A., M.A., Tully- 

Resting, Rev. August J., M.A., B.D., 

Lister, Arthur H.,B. A. (Cantab.),M.D., 

Mackenzie, George, Aberdeen. 

Mackie, Charles J., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Mackie, James F., M.A., Strachan. 

MacLennan, Farquhar, M.B., Fort 

Martineau, Alfred, B.A. (Cantab.), 

Michie, Francis W., M.A., H.M.LS., 

Milne, Robert M., M.A., Woolwich. 

Mitchell, Robert, M.A., B.L., Udny. 

Niven, Rev. James G., M.A., Edin- 

Oliphant, Edward, M.B., Bucksburn. 

Owen-Snow, Charles E. F., M.B., 

Prebble, Philip, M.B., Blackburn. 

Rae, Rev. James, M.A., Aberdeen, 

Rait, Robert S., M.A., Oxford. 

Reid, Alexander, M.D., Bradford. 

Reid, George A., M.D., Bourne- 

Reid, Rev. William W., M.A., B.D. 
(Edin.), Lentran. 

Sellar, James, M.A., B.L., Aberdeen. 

Smart, James, M.A., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Smith, Peter, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Squair, Francis W., M.B., Greenock. 

Sutherland, Rev. William, M.A., B.D., 

Sutor, James, M.A., Forres. 


Taylor, James, M.A., Cults. 
Thomson, Rev. John, M.A., Dundee. 
Thomson, Rev. William, M.A., 

Troup, George A., M.D., Stratford. 

Turner, James S., M.A., New Elgin. 
Watt, John, M.A., Perth. 
Webster, John, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Wright, Alick A. G., M.A., Aber- 


Alexander, Henry, Jr., M.A., Aber- 

Allan, Patrick George, M.A., Aber- 

Begg, James, M.A., Dollar. 

Black, James O., M.A., Fraserburgh. 

Breniner, Rev. George, M.A., B.D., 

Bruce, Rev. Wm. Francis, Carlops. 

Cameron, Charles, M.B., Inverurie. 

Cameron, Rev. George G., M.A., B.D., 

Connon, Middleton, M.D., Montrose. 

Cowan, Horatio W. A., M.B., London. 

Croll, William F., M.A., M.B., Aber- 

Cruickshank, Alexander, M.B., Stone- 

Cruickshank, Robert W., M.B., Eyns- 

Davidson, Charles J., M.A., B.L., 

Duncan, Rev. Alex., M.A., Dufftown. 

Duncan, George T., M.A., B.L., Aber- 

Dunn, Rev. Charles, M.A., B.D., 

Ellis, Clarence I., M.D., Dartmouth. 

Findlay, Alexander, M.A., D.Sc, 
Ph.D. (Leip.), Birmingham. 

Finlayson, George A., M.A., M.B., 

Fletcher, James, M.D., Bristol. 

Forbes, Rev. James G., M.A,, Tully- 

Gauld, George O., M.B., York. 

Gawn, Ernest K., M.D., Bristol. 

Gordon, James L., M.B., Tooting Bee. 

Grant, James, M.A., Tomintoul. 

Grant, Robert W. Lyall-, M.A., Edin- 

Gray, Francis W., M.A., B.Sc, Aber- 

Gray, Henry J., M.A., B.L., Aberdeen. 

Laing, Andrew R., M.D., Aberdeen. 

Ledingham, John G. C, M.A., M.B., 
B.Sc, Elstree. 

Lumsden, Thomas W., M.D., London. 

Lumsden, William, M.B., Edzell. 

Macdonald, Rev. William, M.A., 

McDonald, Rev. William M., M.A., 

Mackay, Alexander M., M.A., LL.B. 
(Edin.), Edinburgh. 

McPetrie, James D., M.A., Kirkcaldy. 

McPherson, Rev. Joseph M., M.A., 
B.D., Keith. 

Macqueen, John E., Aberdeen. 

Mearns, James A., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Milne, John W., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Miller, Thomas, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Mitchell, Alexander M., M.A., M.B,, 

Mitchell, Peter, M.D., Aberdeen. 

Murray, Charles, M.A., M.D., 

Myers, John W., M.D., Shipley. 

Philip, Hardy, M.A., LL.B. (Edin.), 

Presslie, Alexander, M. B., Aberdeen. 

Rowe, Joseph H., M.B., Bradford. 

Scott, Francis J., Aberdeen. 

Sinclair, Henry, M.B., Maesteg. 

Sinclair, Norman J., M.B., Brechin. 

Skinner, John E., M.B., Skene. 

Slorach, Charles C, M.B., Dumbar- 


Smith, Charles, M .A., Hatton of 

Smith, ;^ev. John, M.A., Friockheim. 
Stephen, James A., M.A., M.B., 


Stephen, Captain Lessel P., M.A., 

M.B., Inverurie. 
Stewart, Robert, M.A., Stoneywood. 
Tolmie, James A., M.A., M.B., 

Go van. 
Wilson, George, M.A., Gamrie. 


Adam, Georgina S., Aberdeen. 

Anderson, Rev. John, M.A., B.D., 

Angus, George M., M.A., B.L., Aber- 

Bisset, Rev. John H. J., M.A., B.D., 

Chalmers, John G., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Christie, Alexander, M.A., B.L., Glas- 

Clark, Rev. James H., M.A., Aber- 

Cruickshank, Rev. William, M.A., 
B.D., Leslie. 

Davidson, Alexander Dyce, M.A., 
M.B., Aberdeen. 

Dawson, James, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Dewar, David, M.A., B.L., Aberdeen. 

Esslemont, Alexander I., M.B., 

Ewen, John S., M.A., B.Sc., CuUen. 

Fairweather, Sylvester D., M.A.,M.B., 

Galloway, John C, M.A., M.D., 

Gordon, John A., M.A. (Edin.), M.B., 

Gray, Henry McL W., M.B., Aber- 

Greig, John S., M.B., Leytonstone. 

Haig, Arthur N., M.A., M.B., Yeovil. 
Henderson, Mrs. Hannah, M.A., Red- 

Innes, John, M.B., Aberdeen. 
Ironside, George, M.A., Fetternear. 
Littlejohn, ^Villiam, Aberdeen. 
Macdonald, Rev. John Scott, M.A., 

iUcGregor, Charles, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Mackenzie, Rev. Charles G., M.A., 

B.D. (Edin.), Methlick. 
Mackenzie, William Tuach-, M.D., 

Meldrum, Andrew N., D.Sc, Sheffield. 
Moir, William I., M.B., Woodside. 
Pickford, George, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Rennie, George, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Robertson, David C, M.A., Stone- 
Stewart, (}eorge, M.A., B.Sc, Cam- 

Stuart, Alexander McK., M.A., LL.B. 

(Edin.), Edinburgh. 
Taggart, James, M.A., B.Sc, Brechin. 
Watt, Alexander M., M.B., London. 
Watt, Rev. Robert W., M.A., Old 

Whyte, Alexander B., Aberdeen. 
Wishart, John, B.Sc, M.D., Dudley. 


Baxter, William K., M.A., B.L., 

Black, Andrew, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Cassie, Alexander W., M.A., M.B., 

Clyne, James W., M.B., Stepney. 

Couper, Sydney C, Craigiebuckler. 
Davidson, Henry A., B.Sc, Aberdeen. 
Davidson, Capt. Hugh A., M.B., 

Findlay, Henry J., M.A., Edinburgh. 
Flett, Walter James, M.B., Findochty. 


Glover, William K., M.B., Dartford. 

Gordon, Robert M., M.A., B.L., 

Hutcheson, David A., M.D., London. 

Hynd, Thomas C, M.B., Wigan. 

Knox, James C, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Lawson, Wilfred E., M.B., Ashton- 

McDiarmid, John D., M.A., B.L., 

McGregor, William R., M.A., Aber- 

McGrigor, Henry J., M.B., London. 

McKinnon, Daniel J., Dundee. 

McQueen, Alexander D., M.B., Black- 

Moody, Douglas W. K., M.D., Mon- 

Mutch, Archibald M. C, M.A., Belfast. 

Oliphant, Rev. Johnston, M.A., B.D., 

Peterkin, Henry, M.A., M.B., Aber- 

Peterkin, Isabel, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Philip, Frederick, M.B., Aberdeen. 

Purdy, John S., M.D., Port Said. 

Robertson, Thomas, M.A., Cupar Fife. 

Salmond, Annie D. F., M.A., Cam- 

Salmond, Margaret C, Aberdeen. 

Scott, Robert B., M.B., Chesterfield. 

Sleigh, Henry P., M.B., Eastleigh. 

Souter, Rev. Robert M., M.A., B.D., 

Taylor, Alexander, M.A., Dundee. 

Taylor, William E., M.B., Stonehaven. 

Thomson, Rev. John, M.A., Carmyllie. 

Webster, Rev. James M., M.A., B.D., 

Wilson, Alexander H.,B.Sc. , Aberdeen. 

Young, Andrew W. C., M.B., London. 

Young, William P., M.B., Keighley. 


Alexander, John, M.A., B.Sc, Aber- 

Anderson, William, M.A., M.B., 

Anderson, William B., M.A., Man- 

Asher, Isabel M., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Baxter, John T., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Callander, Prof. Thomas, M.A., 

Cameron, Rev. Donald, M.A., Mon- 

Cantlay, Rev. John R., M.A., Wishaw. 

Crabbe, A. Emslie, Lewisham. 

Davidson, Norman, M.B., Peterhead. 

Davidson, Rev. William L., M.A., 

Donald, John, M.A., Banff. 

Fraser, Kenneth, M.B., Wigan. 

Gibb, James, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Grant, John A., M.A., Nethy Bridge. 

Kennedy, William D., M.A. , Inver- 

Lawson, William, M.A., Ayr. 

Mackay, William, M.A., B.L., Aber- 

Mackenzie, Thomas R., M.A., B.L., 

Maitland, William, B.Sc, [D.Sc. 
1907], Bucksburn. 

Mitchell, John I., M.A., Edinburgh. 

Rezin, Edwin, M.A., B.L., Aberdeen. 

Rose, Alexander Macgregor, M.B., 

Simpson, James A., M.B., Alford. 

Smith, Agnes J., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Strachan, Elizabeth S., M.A., Kintore. 

Strachan, Hugh G., B.L., Aberdeen. 

Strover, Henry W. M., M.B., West 

Sutor, Allan J., M.A., Woolwich. 

Tawse, Herbert B., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Watt, Edward W., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Watt, John A., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Watt, Thomas M., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Webster, Annie S., M.A., Bath. 

Will, Harry M., M.A., B.Sc. (Agr.), 




Adams, James M., M.A., M.B., Aber- 

Anderson, Rev. Alexander, M.A., B.D. 
(St. And.), Fraserburgh. 

Bisset, William F., M.B., Perth. 

Burns, John S., M.A., Cabrach. 

Caie, John M., M.A., B.L., B.Sc. 
(Agr.), Maryboro'. 

Davidson, Arthur, R.N., M.B., Dunny- 

Elwell, Harry W., M.B., Mirfield. 

Farquhar, (ieorge G., M.B., Aber- 

Findlay, Elsie F., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Findlay, John, M.B., Crimond. 

Garden, James W., M.A., B.L., Aber- 

Gillanders, Minto R., M.A., Elgin. 

Glegg, Robert, B.Sc, Dunnottar. 

Johnson, Mrs. Isabel C, M.B., Crook. 

Leslie, William N., M.A., B.L., Lon- 

Macallan, Rev. William A., M.A., 

Macdonald, David M., M.D., Dun- 

Mackay, John M., M.A., LL.B. 
(Edin.), Edinburgh. 

Marr, Capt. Colin F., M.B., Ind. Med. 

Marr, John, M.A., Elgin. 

Milne, James, M.A., Brechin. 

Milne, James W., Aberdeen. 

Nattrass, Rev. James C, B.A. (Lond.), 
B.D., Wafsall. 

Peter, A. Gordon, M. A., M.B., London. 

Rennie, John, D.Sc, Aberdeen. 

Richardson, John, M.B., Monifieth. 

Sawyer, Mrs. Emily C., M.A., Pudsey. 

Shepherd, James H., M.A., Tarves. 

Spence, Alexander F., M.A., B.L., 

Stephen, John H., B.Sc., M.B., Banff. 

Stewart, John R., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Taylor, John M., M.A., M.B., Stone- 

Taylor, William G., M.A., M.B. and 
B.Sc. (Lond.), London. 

Wishart, William H., M.A., B.Sc, 
M.B., Aberdeen. 

Wood, Douglas A., M.B., Sitting- 
bourne, Kent. 


Adam, Robert, M.A., B.L., Aber- 

Alexander, William McC, M.A., B.L., 

Bain, Alice M., M.A., B.Sc, Peter- 

Barron, Eliza C. M., M.A., Brighton. 

Beaton, William Leslie, M.B., Gates- 

Booth, Alexander, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Boyd. Rev. William F., M.A., B.D., 
Ph.D. (Tub.), Aberdeen. 

Brander, Hugh Stewart, M.A., M.D., 

Brander, William, M.B., Middles- 

Brown, Robert N. Rudmose, B.Sc, 

Brown, Thomas B. Rudmose, M.A., 

Cowan, Henry H., Aberdeen. 

Davidson, James Gellie, M.B., Thorn- 
ton Heath. 

Duguid, Capt. John H., M.B., Aber- 

Esslemont, George G., B.Sc, Conon- 

Falconer, John, M.A., B.L. (Edin.), 

Forbes, Charles, M.B., Aberdeen. 

Glashan, Alexander C, M.B., Burnley. 

Hendry, William, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Hingston, Alfred, A., B.A. (Cantab.), 
M.B., King's Norton. 

Hutcheon, Archibald, M.A., Banff. 

Johnson, John J., M.B., Crook. 


Johnston, Hugh, M.B., Newtyle. 

Kennedy, Neil, M.A., M.B., Hudders- 

Killoh, George Bruce, M.B., Lochee. 

Knox, Joseph, B.Sc, [D.Sc. 1907], 

McRobbie, Alexander, M.B., Ban- 

Mearns, William A., M.A., Aber- 

Meldrum, Mrs. lanet C, M.A., Shef- 

Milne, Arthur J., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Murray, John, M.A., Oxford. 

Niven, W. Dickie, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Pirie, William R., M.B., Nairn. 

Ross, Rev. Alexander, M.A., Hawick. 

Simmers, Rev. Charles, M.A., B.D., 

Slessor, James G., M.A., Sheffield. 

Smith, Frederick K., M.A., M.B., 

Stoddart, George, M.A., M.B., Dyce. 

Taylor, James, M.A., Elgin. 

Thomson, Rev. James L., M.A., B.D., 

Thomson, John A., M.A., Fraser- 

Thomson, Mary E., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Watt, Henry J., M.A., Ph.D. (Wurz.), 


Anton, John, M.A., B.L., Buckie. 

Beattie, Helen, M.A., Rayne. 

Calder, Gordon H., M.A., Fraser- 

Cameron, Rev. Kenneth, M.A., 

Christie, Thomas, M.A., Forres. 

Cruickshank, Lewis D., M.B., Aber- 

Cruickshank, Rev. William W., M.A., 

Dalgliesh, William, M.B., Aberdeen. 

Danson, Rev. Ernest L., M.A., Edin- 

Dawson, William, M.A., B.Sc. (Agr.), 

Duguid, Alexander, M.A., M.B., Aber- 

Duncan, Thomas, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Forster, Reginald A., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Fortescue, Archer L, M.B., Aberdeen. 

Geddes, Jeannetta M. Y., M.A., Mac- 

Georgeson, Mrs. Charlotte H. G., 
M.A., Aberdeen. 

Gray, Charles W. F., M.B., Swindon. 

Gray, James S., M.A., M.B., Drum- 

Greig, Alexander, M.A., B.L., Alvah. 

Greig, George, M.A., B.L., Perth. 

Gunn, Robina, M.A., Tayport. 

Gunn, William G. B., M.B., Cullen. 

Heggs, Thomas B., M.D., Sitting- 

Henderson, William D., M.A., B.Sc, 

Herd, Nellie, M.A., Cuminestown. 

Ingram, Harriet G., M.A., West 

Jamieson, John R., M.A., [B.Sc. 1907] 

Kennedy, John A., M.A., B.Sc, Banff. 

Laing, Alfred M., M.A., LL.B. (Edin.), 

Ledingham, Maggie J., M.A., Rayne. 

MacBean, Alexander F., M.A., M B., 

McCombie, Georgina C, M.A., Aber- 

McCombie, Hamilton, M.A., B.Sc. 
(Lond.), Birmingham* 

McGregor, James, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Mcintosh, Annie G., M.A., Aber- 

Mackay, Roderick, M.A., M.B., 



Macleod, Alexander, M.A., Falkirk. 

Macleod, Mary, M.A., Aberdeen. 

McNab, Mrs. Elizabeth M., M.A., 

McQueen, Lizzie M., M.A., Black- 

Mennie, John H., M.A., Keithhall. 

Michie, Rev. George B. T., M.A., 
B.D., Aberdeen. 

Mitchell, George, M.D., Aberdeen. 

Mitchell, Thomas B., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Niven, John S., M.A., Ayr. 

Rae, James B., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Robertson, Jeanie, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Shinnie, Margaret, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Simpson, Alexander A., M.A., New- 

* Smith, Harold E., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Sorrie, Mary G., M.A., Stonehaven. 

Strachan, James M., M.A., Aberlour. 

Taggart, Mrs. Helen, M.A., Brechin. 

Thorn, James M., M.A., B.L., Dyce. 

Watson, Henry, Jr., M.B., Nor- 

Wilson, Rev. Michael C, M.A., B.D., 


Adams, Alfred John, M.A., Bogmoor. 

Birse, George A., M.A., B.L., Aber- 

Burnett, George A., M.A., B.Sc, 

Campbell, John, M.A., B.L., Bucks- 

Chrystall, Stodart M., M.A., B.L., 

Copland, James G., M.A., M.B., 

Davidson, Robert, [M.A. 1907], 

Donald, Thomas H., M.A., B.Sc, 

Duncan, Margaret [or Pirie, 1907], 
M.B., Sheffield. 

Elder, John R., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Ferries, Robert, B.Sc. (Agr.), Countess- 

Florence, Isa Craig, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Gordon, William G., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Harper, Douglas, M.A., B.L., Aber- 

Hodge, Elizabeth, M.A., Macduff. 

Houlston, Rev. Edward C, B.D., 

Hutcheon, Alexander, B.L., Glasgow. 

Kerr, Colin M., M.A., B.D., B.Sc, 

Kerr, Mrs. Isabel, M.B., Newbury. 

Leask, Peter, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Low, William, M.A., M.B., Folia 

McCombie, Effie, M.A., London. 

McCombie, Meta, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Macdonald, Patrick T. T., M.A., Corn- 

Macdonald, William N., M.A., Aber- 

Mackay, Jane L., M.A., Orkney. 

Maclean, Donald, M.A., Edinburgh. 

MacLean, Hugh, M.D., Daviot. 

McQueen, James M., M.A., B.Sc, 
[M.B. 1907], Aberdeen. 

Malcolm Henry W., M.A., B.Sc, 
[D.Sc. 1907], Foveran. 

Manson, David, Aberdeen. 

Matthews, Annie P., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Melvin, Alfred, M.A., B.L., Aberdeen. 

Michael, James, M.A., Kemnay. 

Middleton, Alice, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Milne, Allan S., M.A., B.L., Aber- 

Milne, John A., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Minto, William B. G., M.A., Aber- 

Mitchell, Alexander, M.A., M.B., 
[Ch.M. 1907], Old Rayne. 

Mitchell, William, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Murray, Herbert L., M.D., Liver- 

* Student Usher at the Celebrations. 


Murray, Jessie, M.A., Skelbo. 

Pirie, Rev. Alexander I., M.A., Ork- 

Pressly, Isabella P., M.A., York. 

Ramsay, Agnes M., M.A., Old Aber- 

Robertson, James, M.A., B.L., Edin- 

Sheach, George, M.A., B.Sc, Aber- 

Smart, David G., B.L., Inverness. 

Sorrie, George, M.A., B.T.., Stone- 

Souter, William C, M.D., Nigg. 

Stephen, John, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Travell, Thomas R., M.B., Aber- 

Watson, William A., M.B., Huntly. 

Wiseman, Harry, M.A., B.Sc, Mac- 


Anderson, Catherine E., M.B., Shef- 

Anderson, Francis, M.B., Keighley. 

Anderson, John, M.B., Bury. 

Bain, Robert, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Baxter, Agnes V., M.A., B.Sc, [M.B. 
1907], Aberdeen. 

Brown, Augusta E. Rudmose, M.A., 

Burnett, Archibald R., M.A., Aber- 

Buyers, Jessie, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Calder, William M., M.A., Edinkillie. 

Cowan, Helen A. M., Aberdeen. 

Craig, James, M.A., Aberdeen. 

* Cruickshank, Alexander, M.A., B.D., 

Davidson, Annabella L., M.A., Wartle. 

Davidson, Francis Wm., M.B., Thorn- 
ton Heath. 

Dickie, John D., M.A., Coldwells. 

Durno, Charles, M.A., Turriff. 

Forbes, Johanna, M.A., Cullen. 

Eraser, John, M.A., Glen Urquhart. 

Fyvie, William W., B.Sc, Aberdeen. 

Gerrie, Mary H., M.A., Premnay. 

Gordon, Geoffrey, M.A., Manchester. 

Grant, William J., M.A., B.Sc, Dept- 

Gray, John, M.A., B.Sc, Forgue. 

Hector, Mabel, Aberdeen. 

Henderson, Mrs. I. F., M.A., Edin- 

Hendry, Alexander, M.B., Ellon. 

Jamieson, Herbert M., M.B., New- 

Jeans, Henry W., M.B., Portsmouth. 

Keith, Frederick L., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Kennedy, Margaret J., M.A., Banff. 

Legge, Edward, M.A., Aberdeen. 

McCallum, Hugh, M.A., Buckie 

Macdonald, John, M.A., Methlick. 

Mackay, Annie, M.A., Rogart. 

Maclean, Alexander, M.A., Aberdeen. 

*MacLeod, John F., Stornoway. 

MacMahon, Charles G., M.B., Aber- 

McRaw, James, M.A., Portgordon. 

Matheson, Charles, M.A., Rothes. 

Millar, William L., Aberdeen. 

Milne, William P., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Murray, John, [M.B. 1907], Kincar- 
dine O'Neil. 

Nicol, Robert, M.A., Tayport. 

*Paterson, Alexander, M.A., M.B., 

Petrie, Alexander, M.A., Cambridge. 

Ritchie, Michael B. H., M.B., In- 

Ritchie, Robert L. G., M.A., Inver- 
Robertson, James, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Robertson, James, M.A., [M.B. 1907], 

St. Cyrus. 
Ruxton, Herbert W. B.. M.B., Ellon. 
Sherriffs, William R., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Student Usher at the Celebrations. 



Smith, Cyril M., M.B., Woolwich. 

Stephen, William, M.A., Fraser- 

Thomson, Alexander A., B.Sc, 

Thomson, Charles, M.A., Banchory. 

Thomson, Rev. George E., M.A., 
B.D., Aberdeen. 

Thomson, Jeannie G., M.A., Aber- 


Anderson, Isabella L., M.A., Aber- 

Auchterlonie, David, M.A., Crickle- 

Badenoch, Jessie, M.A., Portsoy. 

Boyd, Thomas C, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Brebner, John, M.A., B.Sc, Aber- 

Brown, Robert, M.B., [M.D. 1907], 

Calder, Margaret, M.A., Glasgow. 

Calder, Walter J. R., M.A., Storno- 

Campbell, William, M.B., Bucksburn. 

Clapperton, Mary F., M.A., White- 

*Clapperton, T., [M.B. 1907], Bel- 

Coutts, Duncan, M.B., Kingseat. 

Coutts, Margaret Mary, M.A., Ellon. 

Cumming, Alexander F.,B.Sc. (Agr.), 

Dawson, Alexander, M.B., Aberdeen. 

Dawson, George F., M.A., M.B., 

Dunn, Margaret A., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Duthie, James, M.A., Montrose. 

Eager, Richard, M.B., Bristol. 

* Edwards, James H., M.A., B.L., 

Falconer, Francis William, M.B., 

Fergusson, WilUam M., M.B., Banff. 

Forgie, George J., M.B., Strichen. 

Eraser, Alexander D., M.B., Alvah, 

Gerrard, Charles B., M.B., Aber- 

* Gordon, William I., M.A., [M.B. 

1907], Elgin. 

Harper, William F., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Hector, James M., B.Sc, Aberdeen. 

Henderson, Isabella, M.A., Auchin- 

Henry, William M., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Macdonald, Joseph M., M.B., Inver- 

McGregor, Alexander, M.A., Forgue. 

Mcintosh, James, M.B., Aberdeen. 

Mackenzie, John, M.A., Turriff. 

Maclean, Edith L., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Macrae, Julia M., M.A., Aberdeen. 

MacWilliam, John, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Michie, John L., M.A., Crathie. 

Mitchell, Benjamin, [M.B. 1907] , New 

Moir, Alexander A., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Murdoch, Jessie E., M.A., Berlin. 

* Pirie, Arthur W. R., Mintlaw. 

* Rae, David E., Aberdeen. 

Rae, William, Jr., M.A., B.L., Aber- 

Reid, William E., M.B., Inverness. 

Ritchie, James, M.A., B.Sc, Port 

Robb, Jane W., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Roger, Barbara, M.A., Peterhead. 

Roger, David McD., Aberdeen. 

Roth, Paul B., M.B., Enfield. 

Shand, George E., Aberdeen. 

Skeen, Donald T., M.B., Bishop 

Skinner, Alexander H., M.A., [M.B. 
1907], Aberdeen. 

Smith, Thomas H. M., M.A., Elgin. 

Spittal, Robert H., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Student Usher at the Celebrations. 


Sutherland, Arthur R., M.A., Camp- 

Taylor, Mary, M.A., Banff. 

Thomson, Andrew 13., M.A., Aber- 

Wallace, Robert S., M.A., Aberdeen. 
Watson, William, M.A., Strichen. 
Welsh, Frederick H., M.B., Aber- 
Will, John, M.A., Memsie. 


Abel, W^illiamina, [M.B. 1907], Aber- 

Allardyce, Alexander, M.A., [B.L. 
1907], Aberdeen. 

Anderson, David, M.A., [M.B. 1907], 

Beedie, John S., B.Sc, [M.B. 1907J, 

Begg, William, M.B., Rhynie. 

Boyd, Alexander, M.A., Islay. 

Brebner, Hugh, M.A., B.Sc, Maud. 

Brown, William R., M.A., Keith. 

* Bruce, Robert, M.A., B.L., Aber- 

Biitchart, Henry J., B.L., Edinburgh. 
Chalmers, Robert, M.B., Inverness. 
Clapperton, James M., B.L., Belhelvie. 
Clark, Ivo M., M.A., Aberdeen. 

* Cooper, George, M.B., Dunnydeer. 
Corrigall, Donald, M.A., Dingwall. 
Corrigall, John, Orkney. 

Cowie, George A., M.A., [B.Sc. 1907], 

Dawson, George, M.A., B.Sc, Aber- 

Dinnes, Agnes F., M.A., Kinmundy. 

Donald, Francis C, M.A., Dufftown. 

Donaldson, James, [M.B. 1907], Aber- 

Donaldson, Thomas, Aberdeen. 

Duncan, William, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Duthie, Robert J., M.B., Aberdeen. 

* Ewan, Alice Alay, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Farquharson, Charles, M.A., B.Sc, 

Gammack, jeannie A., M.A., Insch. 
Gilchrist, Norman S., M.A., [M.B. 

1907], Rothienorman. 

(ilashan, Herbert W., [M.B. 1907], 

*Goodbrand, Stephen, Aberdeen. 

(iordon, John, M.A., B.Sc, Muchalls. 

Gordon, Netta T., M.A., Aberdeen. 

*Gray, Theodore G., M.B., Aber- 

Hall, Alfred P., M.B., Woodside. 

Henderson, John W., M.A., B.L., 

Hendry, George F. J., M.B., Aberdeen. 

Hendry, James A., M.A., B.Sc, Keith. 

Hunter, Peter S., M.A., Portlethen, 

Kellas, Arthur, M.B., Aberdeen. 

Kemp, Annie, M.A., Auchleuchries. 

Kerr, William R. M., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Lyall, William R., M.A., Buckie. 

Macallan, James B., Aberdeen. 

* McGrigor, Dalziel B., [M.B. 1907], 


Mackay, Christina, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Mackenzie, Eneas, K., M.B., Fraser- 

Mackenzie, May Orme, M.A., Aber- 

McKerrow, William A. H., M.B., 

Mackie, William S., Drumoak. 

Mackintosh, William I., [M.B. 1907], 

McLellan, John H. C, M.A., Brechin. 

* Macphail, Neil P., M.B., Hudders- 

MacPherson, John, M.A., B.Sc. (Agr.), 

Marr, Douglas J., M.B., Aberdeen. 

* Mathieson, James M., [M.B. 1907] , 


* Student Usher at the Celebrations. 



Middleton, Emma I., M.A., Aber- 

Mitchell, James E.,[M.B. 1907], Aber- 

Mitchell, John P., [M.B. 1907], Fraser- 

Moir, John H., [M.B. 1907], Aber- 

Murray, Alice A., M.A., B.Sc, Aber- 

Murray, Nathaniel M., M.A., Bucks- 

*Nicol, Patrick, [M.B. 1907], Culls. 

Noble, Alexander, M.B., Laurence- 

Paterson, James D., M.A., B.L., Mac- 

Peterkin, Elizabeth, M.A., Portsoy. 

Rae, George, B.Sc, Aberdeen. 

* Rae, James, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Raffan, James, M.B., Aberdeen. 

Reid, Robert W., Aberdeen. 

Rennie, Patrick M., M.B., Kintore. 

Robertson, John M., M.A., Aber- 

Robertson, Thomas B., M.A., Aber- 

Rodgers, Albert N. E., M.B., Aber- 
Ross, Kenneth, M.A., Tain. 
Ross, Margaret S., M.A., Rochdale. 
Scott, Jessie H., M.A., Montrose. 
Sharp, Christabel N., M.A., Aberdeen. 

* Simpson, James J., M.A., B.Sc. 


* Smit, Henry, M.B., Aberdeen. 
Smith, Alfred J., M.A., Turriff. 
Smith, Edith A., M.A., Aberdeen. 
Smith, Lucy M., M.A., Strichen. 
Spence, Ida L., M.A., Manchester. 
Tawse, Bertram W., M.A., B.Sc, Aber- 

Thomson, James, Aberdeen. 

* Tocher, James W., Peterhead. 

* Troup, Arthur G., M.B., Aberdeen. 

* Wallace, Alexander F., M.B., Aber- 

Watt, James, M.A., Wartle. 
Watt, Theodore, M.A., Aberdeen. 

* Wilson, John M., M.A., [M.B. 1907J, 

\Vilson, Robert W., M.A., Shandon. 
Wiseman, David C, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Wright, Helen, M.A., Portsoy. 


Adam, Hector R., B.Sc, Wakefield. 

Allardyce, Gavin L., ^LA., Aberdeen. 

Allavvay, Ernest E., [M.B. 1907], Cults. 

*Anderson, Alexander G., M.A., 

Ajiderson, John, Macduff. 

Anderson, William McAL,[M.A. 1907], 

Angus, William, [M.B. 1907], Aber- 

^^Archibald, John W., [M.B. 1907], 

Badenoch, William M., Portsoy. 

Barnett, James W., [M.B. 1907], 

Bichan, Isabella H., M.A., Stromness. 

Bremner. Thomas Y., B.Sc. (Agr.), 

■^''Bruce, Douglas Walter, Glenrinnes. 

Bruce, Eli/.abeth B., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Calder, William J., M.A., Stonehaven. 

Chrystie, John M., Aberdeen. 

Craig, John, M.A., Stoneywood. 

*Craigen, William G., M.A., Aber- 

Crockart, Jane M., M.A., Durris. 

Cruickshank, William J., M.A., Aber- 

* Davidson, lames A., [M.B. 1907], 

Dilling, Walter J., [M.B. 1907], Aber- 

* Student Usher at the CeIebrauon^: 


Douglas, Edward A., M.A., Mon- 
Dunbar, Helen, M.A., Burghead. 
Dunn, Naughton, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Elder, James, Aberdeen. 

* Emslie, Frank, M.A., Bucksburn. 
Farquharson, John W., Aberdeen. 
Ferries, John, [M.B. 1907], Countess- 

*Fiddes, John D., M.A., [B.Sc. 1907], 

(lalloway, Alexander 0., [M.A.1907], 

Garrow, Robert P., [M.B. 1907], 

*Geddes, Alexander E. M., M.A., 
[B.Sc. 1907], Fordyce. 

Gillespie, John, M.A., Aberdeen. 

Gordon, William J., M.A., Bucks- 

Gourlay, David, M.A., Brechin. 

Gunn, Mai ion E. M., Stoneywood. 

* Hardie, Margaret M., [M.A. 1907], 

Hargreaves, \Villiani B., Leeds. 
Hay, George E., M.A., Peterhead. 
Hay, Matthew, Aberdeen. 
Hobart, Nettie, M.A., Stonehaven. 
Hodge, Isabella, M.A., Turriff. 

* Horn, Alexander, [M.B. 1907], Aber- 


* Horn, David, [B.A. (New Zea.), M.B. 

1907], Aberdeen. 
Hosie, James, M.A., Aberdeen. 

* Jameson, William W., M.A., Aber- 

Knowles, Benjamin, [M.B., 1907], 

Lawrence, Katie 1'"., M.A., Lonmay. 
Leask, James, [M.B. 1907], Elgin. 

* Legge, Janet L., M.A., Aberdeen, 
*Lillie, John A., M.A., Aberdeen. 
Littlejohn, James W., Ellon. 
*Lumsden, George H. C., [M.B. 

1907], Aberdeen. 

Macdonald, Margaret C, [M.B. 1907], 

McGlashan, Dorothy, M.A., Aber- 

* Mackinnon, Angus, Stornoway. 

* McLaggan, Elizabeth M., Torphins. 
MacLennan, Flora, M.A., Muir of 

Macphail, John W., Aberdeen. 
McPherson, George, Keith. 
Macrae, John, M.A., Stornoway. 
McWilliam, George, M.A., Aberdeen. 
Mair, George H., M.A., Aberdeen. 
Masson, Charles A., M.A., Peterhead. 
Masson, William J., M.A., Aberdeen. 
Mearns, William M., Aberdeen. 
Merson, AHck J., M.A., Buckie. 
*Middleton, Harry, [M.B. 1907], 

*Milne, James A., [M.B., 1907], 


* Milne, James M., M.A., Aberdeen. 
Mitchell, George, [M.B. 1907], Old 


Mitchell, James, [M.B., 1907], Aber- 

Moir, William F., M.A., Aberdeen. 

* Monro, Alexander J., M.A., Aber- 


Nicholson, Annie, M.A., Aberdeen. 

*Nicol, David B., M.A., Old Aber- 

Niven, Andrew M., [M.B. 1907] , Aber- 

Porter, Douglas, Woodside. 

*Pyper, James M., M.A., Aberdeen. 

■■ Rattray, Marion G., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Rennie, William B., Milton of Fintray, 

Robb, Douglas (t., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Ross, Robert, Newtonhill. 

Shepherd, Arthur, [M.B. 1907] , Aber- 

Simpson, Cecil B., [M.A. 1907], 

* Student Usher at the Celebrations. 



Smith, Alexander J., M.A., Aberdeen. 
Spence, Johanna, M.A., Udny. 

* Stephen, Walter R., Aberdeen. 

* Stephen, William L., Huntly. 
Stewart, Augustus G., M.A., Gar- 

Stodart, Barbara M., M.A., Graves- 

Stuart, John P., [M.B. 1907], Aber- 

* Thomson, Alexander M., [M.A. 

1907], Aberdeen. 
Thomson, George, M.A., Enzie. 
Thomson, James E. G., [M.B. 1907], 


* Tocher, Forbes, M.A., Boyndie. 
Urquhart, John, M.A., Poolewe. 
Urquhart, William, M.A., Dyce. 

Walker, Ernest, Aberdeen. 

Walker, Norman J. J., M.A., Aber- 

Webster, Peter, M.A., Blairs. 

*Weir, Charles W., Dyce. 

Williamson, Alfred J., M.A., Aber- 
deen . 

Williamson, Andrew R., M.A., Kings- 

Williamson, Douglas H. W., M.A., 

Williamson, Ella C, M.A., Brechin. 

Williamson, Jessie T., M.A., Insch. 

* Wilson, James I. P., [M.B. 1907], 

Wood, Charles C, Torry. 

Wood, Douglas, Peterhead. 

Work, Margaret G., M.A., Kirkwall. 


Abercromby, K. D., Cults. 
*Agassiz, Cuthbert D. S., Lonmay. 
Angus, John, Aberdeen. 
Angus, William S., Strichen. 
*Annand, Walter D., [M.A. 1907], 

Baikie,Lucy M.,[M.A. 1907], Kirkwall. 

* Bain, Alexander, Memsie. 
Barron, Lucy M., [M.A. 1907], 

Bell, James C, Aberdeen. 

* Beveridge, Catherine, [M.A. 1907], 


* Bissett, Alexander A., Aberlour. 
Blair, Edith, Aberdeen. 
Bruce, Douglas Wm., [M.A. 1907J, 

Bunting, Thomas J., M.A., Aberdeen. 

* Burnett, Ian A. K., [M.A. 1907], 

Brown, John, Aberdeen. 
Buchanan, Donald, Barra. 
Calder, Charles C, Presley. 
Cameron, AVilliam J., [M.A. 1907], 


Clark, Annie, M.A., Ellon. 
Copland, Helen E., M.A., Inverurie. 
Cowie, Alexander S., [M.A. 1907], 

Craig, William, [M.A. 1 907], Aberdeen. 
Craigmyle, Alexander D., [M.A. 

1907], Aberdeen. 
*Craik, David, [M.A. 1907], Kinloss. 
*Crichton, William I., [M.A. 1907], 

New Deer. 
* Cruickshank, James B., Aberdeen. 
Danson, James G., Aberdeen. 
Davidson, Edith A., [M.A. 1907] 

Davidson, George, Mill of Clola. 
Davidson, William Y., Aberdeen. 
^Drummond, James G., [M.A. 1907], 

Duckett, Arthur H., Aberdeen. 
Dunbar, Margaret S., [M.A. 1907], 

Ewing, Isabella H., [M.A. 1907J, 

*lMnlayson, Horace C. F., [M.A. 

1907], Aberdeen. 

Student Usher at the Celebrations. 


* Florence, Laura, [M.A. 1907], 


Flowerdew, Richard E., Scole, Nor- 

Forbes, Annie, [M.A. 1907], Fordyce. 

Fraser, Jane A., [M.A. 1907], Alvah. 

* Garden, J)avid S., Auchmill. 
*Gerrard, William I., Bucksburn. 
Gilchrist, Adam, Rothienorman. 
Godfrey, Elizabeth R., M.A., Aber- 

Gordon, James, [M.A. 1907], Aber- 

Grant, Elizabeth, [M.A. 1907], Gran- 

Grant, Gregor A., Nethy Bridge. 

Gregor, Elizabeth F., Memsie. 

Hargreaves, Herbert, Leeds. 

Hunter, George F., Aberdeen. 

Ironside, Nellie B., M.A., Laurence- 

Johnson, Edward, Aberdeen. 

Johnston, Alexander F., [M.A. 1907], 

* Johnston, Joseph, Aberdeen. 

* Keir, James, Cullen. 

Knox, Alexander C, [M.A. 1907], 

Lang, Katherine B., M.A., Laurence- 

Littlejohn, James, Aberdeen. 

Loutit, John H., Foveran. 

*Lyall, (Gordon, [M.A. 1907], Buckie. 

McConnachie, Isabella K., Huntly. 

Macdonald, Isabella H., [M.A. 
1907], Nairn. 

Macdonald, William G., Tain. 

*MacEchern, Christian V. /E., [M.A. 
1907], Inverness. 

McHardy, Elizabeth, Latheron Manse. 

*McHardy, William, [M.A. X907], 

Maciver, Colin J., [M.A. 1907], 

* Mackay, James D., Aberdeen. 

Mackenzie, Caroline S., [M.A. 1907], 

McKenzie, Donald S., Killiecrankie. 

Mackinnon, Doris L., B.Sc, Aber- 

Mackinnon, Lachlan, Jr., M.A., Aber- 

MacLennan, Jessie A., Grantown. 

McPherson, John, Aberdeen. 

Macrae, Christina C, M.A., Daviot. 

Main, William, M.A., Hopeman. 

* Massey, Allan, Aberdeen. 

Marr, Francis S., B.Sc. (Agr.), Tarves. 

Masson, Robert P., M.A., Peterhead. 

*Michie, Hellenor R. W. T., [M.A. 
1907], Aberdeen. 

Milne, Arthur J., Peterculter. 

Morrison, Alexander, Stornoway. 

Morrison, John, [M.A. 1907], Loch- 

Murray, Annie H., M.A., Aberdeen. 

Murray, John, [M.A. 1907], Aber- 

* Muterer, James G., Portgordon. 
*Nicholls, Thomas B., Burnham-on- 

Ogilvie, Ian, Slains. 
Peterkin, Constance E., [M.A. 1907], 


* Ramsay, Mary P., Aberdeen. 
*Reid, William J., M.A., Portgordon. 
Rennie, John, Gamrie. 

Richards, Marion B., [M.A. 1907], 

Robertson, Francis M., M.A., Aber- 

Robertson, Isabella, M.A., Beauly. 

* Robertson, William O., Ellon. 
Ruxton, Mary M., [M.A. 1907], 

"^Shinnie, Andrew J., Aberdeen. 
Sim, Alfred G., Strichen. 
Simpson, Colin F., M.A., Fraserburgh. 
Smith, Alexander, Buckie. 

* Smith, Arthur L., Aberdeen. 

Student Usher at the Celebrations. 



Sorrie, Isabel, M.A., Stonehaven. 

Sorrie, Mary A., M.A., Tillyfourie. 

Stanger, Jemima, M.A., Orkney. 

Stephen, Alfred J. W., Ellon. 

Stewart, Mary A. F., Strichen. 

Summers, Sophia L. M., [M.A. 1907], 

Surtees, John C, [M.A. 1907], Gran- 

Sutherland, Alexander G., [M.A. 
1907], Buckie. 

*Symon, Herbert G., Fraserburgh. 

Thompson, Alice, [M.A. 1907], Aber- 

Thomson, Francis A., B.Sc. (Agr.), 

Thomson, Henry W., [M.A. 1907], 

*Tindall, Robert, Aberdeen. 
*Urquhart, John, M.A., Tynaberrick. 
*Watt, William G., Strathdon. 
Webster, Alexander U., Marnoch. 
Welsh, William C, Keith. 
Will, John H., Peterhead. 
Williamson, Maurice J., Aberdeen. 
* Wiseman, Herbert H. E., [M.A. 

1907], Bucksburn. 
Young, John, Aberdeen. 


Addison, William, Whitehills. 
Allan, William, Methlick. 
Anderson, William, Forgue. 
Annandale, James S., Stonehaven. 
Badenoch, Maggie, Portsoy. 
Baillie, David M., Nairn. 
Beattie, John A., Drumoak. 
Berry, Harriet A. F., Torphins. 
Boyd, Angus, North Uist. 
Braid, Frederick L., Drumoak. 

* Brander, Eric W. H., Aberdeen. 
Bremner, Robert G., Rothes. 
Bremner, William, [M.A. 1907], 


Brown, Alexander M., [M.A. 1907], 

Brown, Maggie, Aberdeen. 

Brown, William T., Aberdeen. 

Burnett, Janet F. M., [M.A. 1907], 

Calder, Norman J., [M.A. 1907], 

Cameron, Alexander J. D., Aberdeen. 

Campbell, Jean J., [M.A. 1907], Ler- 

Cheyne, George C, [M.A. 1907], New 

Conner, James, Jr., Aberdeen. 

* Cook, Mary J. S., Clatt. 

* Cooper, Herbert G., Newmachar. 
Copland, William, Inverurie. 
Coutts, Mary J., [M.A. 1907], Pit- 

Craig, Douglas, Stonehaven. 
Gumming, Ella, Craigellachie. 
Dalgarno, Ethel M., [M.A. 1907], 


* Dallas, Marjorie G., Aberdeen. 

* Davidson, Robert G., Thornton 

Dey, Annie, [M.A. 1907], Botriph- 

Donald, Gordon C, Uddingston. 
Duguid, Henry, Aberdeen. 
Duguid, William, Aberdeen. 
Duncan, Ernest P., Lynturk. 
Duncan, Jessie E., [M.A. 1907], 

Easton, Robert M., [M.A. 1907], 

Eddie, Robert W., Aberdeen. 
Falconer, Andrew J. A., [M.A. 1907] , 

New Deer. 
Findlay, Alexander J., [M.A. 1907], 

Galloway, John, Aberdeen. 
*Geddes, Alec M., Culter. 
Gillies, James B., Aberdeen. 

* Student Usher at the Celebrations. 


Gordon, Lena, Knockando. 
Grant, George C, Aberdeen. 
Grant, Mabel, Ballater. 

* Gray, Adam, Old Meldrum. 
*Gray, George, [M.A. 1907], Aber- 

Gruer, Harold G., Aberdeen. 

Gunn, Colin F., [M.A. 1907], Gair- 

Harper, Eric, Fordyce. 
Heughan, Charles, (M.A. Edin.), 

Horn, James P., [M.A. 1907], Fyvie. 
Hunter, Robert Y., West Cults. 
Inkster, John, Aberdeen. 
Jaffray, Annie A., Peterhead. 
Jamieson, Harold G. R., Aberdeen. 

* Johnston, John, Aberdeen. 
Kemp, Margaret E., Dufftown. 
Lawrence, James T., Clapham. 

* Legge, Esther M., Aberdeen. 
Leitch, Madelina A., Peterhead. 

* Lothian, William A., Aberdeen. 
Macarthur, John A., Fearn. 
Macdonald, Charles A., Aberdeen. 
Macdonald, Duncan, [M.A. 1907], 

Macdonald, John H., Glenurquhart. 

* Macdonald, Robert G., [M.A. 1907], 


McGillivray, James W,, Torphins. 

Mackay, Elizabeth, [M.A. 1907], 

MacKenzie, Donald, [M.A. 1907], 

Mackie, James A., [M.A. 1907], Aber- 

Macleod, Clement R., Aberdeen. 

Macleod, John, Stornoway. 

Macrae, Herbert A., Plockton. 

Macrae Roderick, [M.A. 1907], Fort- 

McRae, Rae, Mintlaw. 

McRitchie, Douglas, Peterhead. 

* Maitland, Christina D., Aberdeen. 

Manson, A., Kilblean. 

* Melvin, George S., Montrose. 
Menzies, John L., Aberdeen. 
Merson, Robert J., Buckie. 

* Milne, Herbert S., Aberdeen. 
Milne, William C, Fetterangus. 

* Milne, William J., Aberdeen. 
Mitchell, Alexander, Cults. 
Mitchell, John, Old Rayne. 
Mitchell, Mary D., Aberdeen. 
Munro, Donald, Invershin. 
Murdoch, Mary H., Banff. 
Murray, Angus M., [M.A. 1907], 


* Murray, Herbert, Aberdeen. 
Paterson, Francis J. S., Aberdeen. 
Paterson, Helena M., [M.A. 1907], 

Paton, Robert N., [M.A. 1907], 

Peterkin, Alexander, Portsoy. 
" Peterkin, Ethel M., [M.A. 1907], 


* Peters, Willy E., [M.A. 1907], Aber- 

du Preez, James J., Aberdeen. 
Profeit, Mary H., Glenbucket. 

* Rae, Harry J., [M.A. 1907], Wood- 


Rait, Williamina A., Aberdeen. 

Rannie, James, [M.A. 1907], Wells of 

Reid, Alexander D., Banff. 

Reid, Alexander K., Aberdeen. 

Reid, Donald E., [M.A. 1907], Stone- 

Richards, Robert, Jr., [M.A. 1907], 

Riddel, Donald O., Oyne. 

Ritchie, John, Newburgh. 

Robertson, Dawson C, Auchnagatt. 

* Robertson, Forbes M. M., Aber- 

Robertson, John L., [M.A. 1907], 

Student Usher at the Celebrations. 


* Ross, Finlay G. M., Aberdeen. 
*Ross, Margaret C, [M.A. 1907], 


* Scott, Ellen, [M.A. 1907], Aber- 


Scott, John, [M.A. 1907], Peterhead. 

Shirras, George F., [M.A. 1907], Aber- 

Simpson, Lizzie H. B., [M.A. 1907], 

* Sinclair, Roland, Aberdeen. 

* Smith, Herbert A., Old Meldrum. 
Smith, John, [M.A. 1907], Fearn. 
Smith, William, [M.A. 1907], Elgin. 
Souttcr, George C, Aberdeen. 
Spring, Douglas M., Aberdeen. 
Stephen, Jessie K., St. Andrews- 

Stephen, John W., Nethy Bridge. 

Stuart, Francis L., Aberdeen. 

* Sutherland, John, [M.A. 1907], Aber- 


Tait, Dorothy F., Aberdeen. 

Taylor, Alexander P., [M.A. 1907], 

Taylor, Isabella F. S., Aberdeen. 

Taylor, William, Udny. 

Thomson, Agnes S., Aberdeen. 

Thomson, Charlotte J., Larkfield. 

Thomson, William, Aberdeen. 

TuUoch, Robert, [M.A. 1907], Aber- 

Watson, Mary Ann, Maud. 

Watt, John T., Strathdon. 

Wilson, A., Turriff. 

* Wilson, Herbert G. M., [M.A. 1907], 

Wood, George, Inverurie. 


Adam, George, Inverurie. 
Alexander, William, Jr., Kemnay. 

* Allan, John T., Aberdeen, 
Anderson, David A., Inverness. 
Anderson, James B., Aberdeen. 
Anderson, Robert M. L., Doncaster. 
Bain, Margaret A., Brechin. 

Bain, Robert J., Brechin. 
Barclay, Jeannie, Banff. 

* Barron, William D., Portree. 
Baxter, Alexander G., Aberdeen. 

* Bennett, James C, Jr., Aberdeen. 
Bisset, Catherine, Aberdeen. 
Blackwood, WiUiam B., Aberdeen. 
*Boyd, Elizabeth J., Aberdeen. 
Brayshaw, Hardress, Keith. 
Brown, Ada F., Aberdeen. 
Brown, James, Bucksburn. 
Brown, Thomas D. H., Aberdeen. 
Bruce, George, Aberdeen. 

Burr, George P., Aberdeen. 
Cameron, Allan, Aberdeen. 
Cameron, Archibald V., Inverness. 
Cameron, John W. (}., Aberdeen. 

Cameron, Joseph P., Woodside. 
Campbell, Evan M., Inverness. 
Campbell, James B., Aberdeen. 
Carrington, Walter, Aberdeen. 
Chalmers, Marjory A. S., Maud. 
Chance, Robert M., Hull. 
Cheyne, Douglas G., Aberdeen. 
Clyne, Charles, Aberdeen. 
Cook, Margaret M., Aberdeen. 
Coutts, Isabel L., Aberdeen. 
Coutts, John M., Aberdeen. 
Craig, William, Aberdeen. 
Cranston, Margaret I., Dunphail. 
Creighton, Mary A. F., New Deer. 
Cruickshank, Ernest W. H., Aberdeen. 
Darling, James G., Aberdeen. 
Davidson, David S., Aberdeen. 
Downie, Balfour, Buckie. 
Duff, Agnes H., Wick. 
* Duguid, Alfred, Aberdeen. 
Duncan, Leslie, Aberdeen. 
Duncan, Margaret S., Aberdeen, 
Duncan, Mary A., Maud. 
Edwards, Elizabeth M,, Aberdeen. 

* Student Usher at the Celebrations. 


Elder, Charles G., Aberdeen. 
Elder, John G., Aberdeen. 
Farquharson, Charles O., Aberdeen. 
Farquharson, Isobel, Wick. 
Ferguson, Robert VV., Peterhead. 
Fortune, William J., Inverurie. 
Fowler, Alice L., Wick. 
Eraser, James W., Alvah. 
Eraser, Jane E., Dufftown. 
Garbutt, James K. G., Aberdeen. 
Garrow, Jeannie, Abcrlour. 
Geddes, Jeannie, Rothiemay. 
Gibson, Harriet G., Aberdeen. 

* Gilchrist, Robert N., Rothienorman. 
Glen, Marjory, Montrose. 

Gray, Alexander, Stonehaven. 
Gray, Helen M., Aberdeen. 
Gray, James W., Old Meldrum. 
Gray, Williamina, Torphins. 
Greeson, Basil L., Auchterarder. 

* Greeson, Clarence E., Auchterarder. 
Gregor, John, CuUen. 

Greig, Barbara A., Aberdeen. 
Greig, Herbert W., Stonehaven. 
Grieve, Elizabeth A., Montrose. 
Halley, Thomas C, Aberdeen. 
Hardie, Annie, Pluscarden. 
Hay, John C., Bridge of Don. 
Henderson, Alexandra, Auchinblae. 
Henderson, Jeannie E., Fyvie. 

* Henry, Alexander, Maud. 
Howie, David P., Enzie. 
Inkster, Mary, Aberdeen. 
Jack, Isabella, Aberdeen. 
Jameson, Alexander P., Aberdeen. 
Johnston, Barbara M., Aberdeen. 
Kay, Margaret H., Elgin. 
Kellas, Robert, Rhynie. 

Kemp, Peter, Fochabers. 
King, John A., Fordyce. 
Kynoch, William, Aberdeen. 
Lamb, George F., Monquhitter. 
Lawrence, Agnes M., Aberdeen. 
Lowe, Augustus C. W., Aberdeen. 
Lowe, Donald N., Kyle of Lochalsh. 
McBoyle, Mary, Longside. 

McCulloch, John, Portsoy. 

McCurrach, George, Findochty. 
MacDonald, Alexander S., Aberdeen. 
Macdonald, George H., Aberdeen. 
Macdonald, John, Beauly. 

* Macdonell, William A., Inverness. 
*McHardy, Alice M., Aberdeen. 

* McHardy, Caroline G. L., Aberdeen. 
*McHardy, John, Ellon. 
Macilwraith, William S., Elgin. 
McKenzie, Janie, Cults. 

McKim, Mary A. G., Boddam. 
Mackintosh, Angus M., Daviot. 
McLean, John, Beauly. 

* McLeod, David W., Invergordon. 
MacLeod, Mary L., Aberdeen. 
MacLeod, William P., Stornoway. 
Macrae, Donald K., Daviot. 
Macrae, Lachlan, Daviot. 

Mann, James A., Burghead. 
Marr, Charles S., Ellon. 
Martyn, Robert G., Mansfield. 
Miller, Christian C, Comrie. 
Milne, Herbert J. M., Fetterangus. 
Milne, John, Aberdeen. 
Milne, Patrick G., Fraserburgh. 
Mitchell, Alfred W. C, Aberdeen. 
Morren, William L., Aberdeen. 
Morrison, Alexander, Jr., Aberdeen. 
Morrison, Edith J. D., Cults. 
Mortimer, Andrew G., Aberdeen. 
Munro, Colin R., Kildary. 
Murray, Murdo M., Rogart. 
Murray, Robert W. S., Kincardine 

Murray, William, Aberdeen. 
Nicol, Isabella B. L., Aberdeen. 
Oliver, Elizabeth C. S., Laurencekirk. 
Peterkin, Charles D., Aberdeen. 
Peters, Martha M., Ber\vick-on- 

Philip, Elizabeth, Aberdeen. 
Pickford, Forbes M. M., Aberdeen. 
Popplewell, Newman, Batley. 
Pyper, Ida B., Peterhead. 
Rae, Jean A., Aberdeen. 

* Student Usher at the Celebrations. 



Reaper, Alexander, Buckie. 
Reid, Edmund L., Portgordon. 
Reid, Martha, Peterhead. 
Ritchie, Margaret I., Fraserburgh. 
Ritchie, Samuel, Aberdeen. 
Robb, Alexander L., Aberdeen. 
Robertson, James D., Aberdeen. 
Robertson, John W., Aberdeen. 
Robertson, Margaret A., Aberdeen. 
Rodger, John L., Aberdeen. 
Rogers, Adelina M. K., Elgin. 
Ross, David G., Aberdeen. 
Ross, Donald H. G., Aberdeen. 
Ross, John, Glenkindie. 
Sangster, John, Jr., Aberdeen. 
Savage, Arthur C. M., Hull, Yorks. 
Scorgie, Bertha J., Aberdeen. 
Scott, Mary A., Stonehaven. 
Semple, Robert, Aberdeen. 
Shortt, Henry E., Inverness. 
Sim, Charles D., Macduff. 
Slessor, William D. V., Maud. 
Smith, Agnes M., Turriff. 
Smith, Alexander H., Aberdeen. 
Smith, Frank, Aberdeen. 
Smith, Mary J., Auchterless. 
Smith, William, Daviot. 
Souper, Hugh R., Aberdeen. 
Spark, James, Torphins. 

* Speight, Harold E. B., Grassington. 

* Spring, Frederick G., Stonehaven. 

Stephen, Arthur, St. Cyrus. 
Stephen, David J. S., Fyvie. 
Stephen, Frederick C, Auchinderran. 
Stevenson, Louisa, Aberdeen. 
Stewart, Gordon G., Aberdeen. 

* Stewart, James R., Aberdeen. . 
Stewart, John, Aberdeen. 
Stuart, George N., Ballindalloch. 
Sutherland, Leslie, Aberdeen. 
Taylor, John O., Aberdeen. 
Thomson, Henry J., Enzie. 

* Thomson, William G., Aberdeen. 
Tough, William M., Aberdeen. 
Watson, John C, Aberdeen. 

* Weir, John, Jr., Murkle. 

* Whyte, Elizabeth, Aberdeen. 
Whyte, Emily, Strichen. 

Will, William M., Fraserburgh. 
Williamson, Horace, Insch. 
Wilson, Janet D., Elgin. 
Wilson, William, Leochel Cushnie. 

* Wiseman, Evelyn M., Bucksburn. 
Wishart, William P., Kininmonth. 
Wood, Edith, Portsoy. 

Wood, Ida E., Peterhead. 

Woodcock, Henrietta, Insch. 

Young, Alexander N., Chapel of Gari- 

Youngson, James, [M.A. 1907], Aber- 

Younie, John, Fochabers. 


Ainslie, James R., Taitswell. 
*Beveridge, Bernard G., Aberdeen. 
Coutts, William E., Ellon. 
Cowie, James, Turriff. 
*Creighton, Robert J., New Deer, 
Davidson, James, Turriff. 
Dawson, Daniel S., Aberdeen. 
Fettes, James, Aberdeen. 
Forgan, Margaret R., Aberdeen. 
Gordon, Alexander W., Aberdeen. 
Hargeaves, Claude C, Leeds. 
Hill, Alfred, Aberdeen. 
Leggat, George, Turriff. 

* Student Usher 

Macrae, Archibald C, Aberdeen. 
Mercer, John E., Blackpool. 

* Mitchell, John M., Cults. 
Oag, Hugh, Wick. 

Oxford, William L., Aberdeen. 

* Porter, Richard M., Aberdeen. 

* Skene, Macgregor, Milltimber. 

* Stark, Walter J. K., Aberdeen. 
Tawse, Henry S., Aberdeen. 
Taylor, George, Aberdeen. 
Thomson, John P., Aberdeen. 
Watson, John D., Aberdeen. 

at the Celebrations. 


Service in the University Chapel. 

A S it was impossible to allot seats at the Tuesday service to all Gradu- 

"^^ ates and Students, a special preliminary service was arranged for 

the preceding Sunday. The order of service was as follows : — 

Hymn : " Our God, our help in ages past." 

Prayer : Offered by the Rev. Professor Curtis, B.D. 

Psalm : cxlv. 4-7. 

Lessons from the Old Testament: Psalm cxi. ; Proverbs iii. 13-18: Read 
by the Rev. James Wiseman, D.D., Rector of St. Machar's, Bucks- 

Anthem : Job xxviii. 12, 28 ; Proverbs ix. 10. 

Lesson from the New Testament : Colossians ii. 1-15 : Read by the Rev. 
Alexander Hetherwick, D.D., Blantyre, Central Africa. 

Prayer: Offered by the Rev. Professor Cameron, D.D., United Free 
Church College, Aberdeen. 

Hymn : " For all the saints who from their labours rest." 

Sermon : Preached by the Rev. Principal Forsyth, D.D., Hackney 
College, London. 


Paraphrase : xxiii. 1-5, 15, 

Benediction : Pronounced by the Very Rev. the Principal. 



Principal Forsyth's sermon was based on Colossians ii. 3 — *' In 
whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge ", He said : — 

It is well known that the Apostle had in view throughout this epistle the 
gnostics, and their world of thought. Now it would be a mistake to think 
of these gnostics as a sect of magical occultists or psychic oddities, with 
amateur nostrums for the public, and outside the large culture of the age. 
Had they been so they would neither have endangered the young Church, 
nor drawn the interest of so many of the finest minds, including Paul 
himself They stood rather for the flower of the age's thought in so far 
as it was not philosophic merely, but still more, religious. Indeed, some of 
them at a later date grasped the great redemptive idea in a way the 
Christian Apologists did not. They exerted a strong fascination on that 
side of Paganism whose spiritual need inclined it most to Christianity ; so 
much so that in time their system became the great rival of Christianity 
for the reversion of the age's soul. They had to be conquered before the 
Church could live. But it was to some extent a family quarrel. And they 
left traces upon Christianity which last to this day. I say nothing here 
of the resurgence from time to time, in Christianity itself, of the same 
spirit — the spirit of gnosis at the cost of pistis, of speculation at the cost 
of history, of mystic knowledge at the cost of positive revelation. Gnos- 
ticism was and is an antagonist of Christianity of which we cannot speak 
but with respect. The gnostics gathered up the more spiritual philo- 
sophy of the day from many eclectic quarters, and they represented the 
circle of the sciences on their speculative and religious side. They had 
the instinct and the ambition of an encyclopaedic system and a cosmic unity. 
Their famous teachers and their influential schools were already beginning 
to form multiplied universities, so to say — as the science and culture of our 
own day freely do. These seminaries were in charge of all the most 
daring and unworldly speculations which arose from the fantastic science 
of the time. And they made a treasury of spiritual philosophy aiming at 
cosmic universality. If it be the mark of a university first to love and 
tend knowledge for its own sake, and then to organise all knowledge up- 
wards into a hierarchy of the most universal ideas, these Gnostic schools 
were not unworthy of the name. 

It is possible that some such thought was in the Apostle's mind in 
this passage. He certainly does capture for Christ many of the gnostic 
phrases and notions — such as ' the fulness,' and the ' seons,' or ages. 
And it may be that here he transfers to Christ this university ideal of a 
cosmic whole of knowledge or culture. What gnosticism hoped from the 
speculative method of scientific thought stored in the schools, that Paul 
believed he had in Christ — the sum, fabric and potency of all divinest reality. 
By his faith in Christ he had this fulness with a finality and a certainty 
lacking to a knowledge which was always but in part, always extending its 


borders, or changing its system. What the gnostics believed of the 
schools, Paul believed of Christ. Christ for him was both the method and 
the content of that reality which it is religion to touch and faith to seize. 
And it may be that he transfers to Christ the collective notion of all the 
schools in which were hid from the public deep treasures of science and 
philosophy, and that he boldly thinks of Him as the University of 
Humanity. I trust the suggestion may not be thought extravagant. 

If there be anything in it, however, it means with Paul not that the 
wisdom was hidden in Christ in an occult sense. The mystery of Christ 
is not occult. It is moral paradox. The wisdom was stored there under 
the irony of His insignificance, ready and eager to be revealed, only eva- 
sive, not pretentious, not obtruded, not paraded. The Christian idea 
of a mystery was not absolute mystery, cultivated for its own sake, and 
kept mystery. It was rather that of a symbol charged with a revelation 
which it covered, the work and gift of a God who delighted to reveal, and 
by revealing to redeem, and to redeem by the absurdity of the Cross. In 
this sense Christ was the fulness not of the reserved but of the revealed. 
He was there for universal light, and for its redemption of life from the 

The Passion of Knowledge. 

I. May I point out, first, how the love of knowledge wrestles with the 
love of mystery in the human breast. We burn to know the secret, and 
when we have it it turns stale. We tear the veil from the mystery, and 
as we know it we die. If we are stifled by the cloud we are chilled by the 
clear east wind that dispels it. It is an aspect of the standing paradox of 
life — this collision of the two passions in the soul. But each belongs to 
a different stage of life. Youth is a war upon mystery. It longs to push 
back its frontiers, to subdue its country, to pluck out its heart. And it 
wages the war in battle joy. It drinks the delight with which we 
emerge on a peak in Darien, and feast on the vivid landscape wrested 
from the unseen. And among the elemental passions of human life is 
this thirst for knowledge for its own sake. To crush it is to maim the 
soul and pierce the image of God in the eye. 

One of the great misfortunes of religious history has been that faith 
has so often tried to stifle knowledge rather than use it. It is an error 
peculiarly fatal to Christianity, which arose in revelation, and came with 
the claim and promise to be universal. There is nothing hid from the 
light thereof. And how disastrous it is to the faith of youth when its 
passion to know is confronted with an obscurantist Church and a timid 
creed. No wonder that the youth then turns from the churches to the 
schools, and finds an original-minded agnostic more satisfying than a 
foolish believer. He easily then pictures himself as the young Apollo, 


issuing radiant from the temple of learning, and slaying the dragon of 
superstition with arrows of laughing light. To knowledge the young man's 
fancy turns as it does to love. The two passions — the love of knowledge 
and the love of love — dawn together like a twin star. Now, do we not 
look back, if we are still men, and not mere cynics in our maturity, do we 
not look back with some respectful tenderness to our first loves, in which 
the vulgar humorist so easily finds his account ? And is it not also with 
kindly reverence that we return to the scene where our love of knowledge 
first seized us, and first was fed ? Often and kindly we turn to where we 
first saw the world rising out of chaos, first felt the harmony of things in 
law, and their reconcilement in order, where we first breathlessly realised 
the spirit of light moving on the water's face, and first kindled at the con- 
tact with the world's glorious prime. I for one ask leave to utter the 
tenderness in such a place and at such a time as this. How little was 
done for us here ! How little could be done for our young and heartless 
pride ! Yes, but how much ! How much more than we knew ! We were 
in the train of a mightier antiquity than we realised as we trod these 
courts. And we were certainly on the threshold of a future we could but 
ill comprehend. How little was done for us in view of life's last problem, 
when the hour came for it to be faced ! Yes, but how much ! For how 
poor and common that problem would have been, how puny our grasp of 
it, and how ignoble, but for what we learned in the schools. Even if we 
were not taught the whole human problem (only experience could do that), 
at least we learned some of the greatest terms in which that problem is put. 
The last great answer to life, we know, is the God who set us our life. 
But it is the great questions that carry home the great answers. And 
how much poorer would have been the answer to our problems in God 
had we not learned at the fountains of knowledge to raise questions 
worthy of a God, 

Let us bless the Providence that gave us here, by the labour and 
ardour of centuries, access to questions which no University can solve, 
and raised for us issues which forced us to the moral root of knowledge 
in Christ. Bless God for the teachers that never taught us Christ, that 
had no business to teach us Christ, but they made a vaster Christ 
possible for us — nay, inevitable. The schools have not the secret of 
Christ, but they open the depths which only Christ can fill. They un- 
lock the great gates which only the King of Glory may enter. A great 
question is itself half of a great answer. And it was the schools that 
taught us to crave for a cosmic unity and an absolute reality ; and the 
craving gave a vaster volume of meaning to what we found at last outside 
the schools, in the Almighty and Eternal Father of our Lord and Saviour 
Jesus Christ. To raise questions upon us is part of the work of a God 
who would give us a real revelation. Revelation is wasted on the in- 
curious mind ; but knowledge makes knowledge. To teach us by know- 


ledge the inadequacy of knowledge is part of His skilled wisdom in whom 
all the treasures of knowledge are hid. It would be a cynical God who 
opened doors we could never enter, and gave us flashes of knowledge only 
to light up the vastness of the void in which He had interned us. But it 
is the only wise God that gave us knowledge in order to raise a higher 
hunger, and led us to solutions which again dissolved into a higher quest, 
and enriched us for it by the deposit they left. The answer to every 
question became a question in turn, and franked us to a higher place, till 
we found in Christ the only moral conditions which prevent knowledge 
from collapsing and destroying itself. Its last moral roots and energies 
are in Him. All truth runs up into religious truth ; and all religious 
truth into Christ and His Gospel, The culture of truth turns upon moral 
conditions, and the final moral power of the world is Christ. To solve 
the moral question (as He did) is to command all life. 

Especially did our religion learn here a belief in its intellectual side. 
We do not all continue in the course of life to pursue or to handle know- 
ledge as a profession. But faith is the affair of all. And here we learned 
that interest in the intelligible contents of faith, in religion as truth, which 
is not only a duty to God but a bond between the churches, as my presence 
here shows. It is a great safeguard, moreover, to have this interest in the 
truth of faith amid the light movements of a half-educated democracy 
which has lost an authority, and often a guide. It hates to think, but it 
goes feeling on its dim and perilous way in all kinds of impressionism — 
romantic piety, amateur exegesis, and adventurous experiment. 

The Growth of Wisdom, 

II. But (I point out secondly) beyond knowledge is wisdom, beyond 
the cosmos is life, beyond the world the soul. There is knowledge which 
is exact, and knowledge which is humane. We learned here an interest not 
only in law and thought but in heart, soul, and fate. The doors of classic 
literature were opened to us, the sympathetic lore of history and of man. 
We were stirred by issues that rose in the Greek dramatists, flowered in 
Shakespeare, and converge in Christ — high action and high passion, fate, 
chance, change, error, bewilderment, sin, reconciliation. We were bidden 
ask not only about the fabric of the world but about its destiny, not only 
about the structure of the universe but about the movement of its spirit. 
We began to do more than construe the world, we began to interpret it. 
The how and the what were nothing without the whence and the whither, 
without the God and goal, A scientific world led us on to a teleo- 
logical world. The law and knowledge drove us on to ask about the drift 
of things and wisdom of things. What is it ? is one question. What is it 
for? is another. Facts were much, but purposes and persons were more. 
Science handed us on to philosophy, and philosophy passed us on to prac- 


tical wisdom, to religious faith. From the questions of the schools we 
moved to those of society, and above all, those of our society with God. 
The personal issues are the engrossing and eternal. All knowledge is there 
for the sake of this greater wisdom. And a university never serves its 
function better than when it speaks of the wisdom which begins and 
ends in the fear of God. The men who chose that motto of ours knew 
more than knowledge, and they believed in more than creed. It is the 
school of life that is the great University of Humanity, or its college 
at least. 

Of all human wisdom the most precious is the life-wisdom we learn 
from the contact of person with person, the art and principle of life drawn 
by experience from an atmosphere of living men. It saves us from the 
indocta scientia, the untutored erudition, the learned folly, the pedantry of 
the laboratory or the books. No few of us began that wisdom here — the 
wisdom of personal discipline. For some the cares of ways and means 
wrote precious lessons on the margin of all our books, and doubled the 
moral value of study. We began then that struggle with life which has 
taught us most. I hope our successors are not being entirely excused 
that class. It may have made some grim, but it certainly made many 
strong. And it is from flaccidity the age suffers now. Our life here was 
the scene of a discipline higher than the mind's. Unfelt by us it was 
schooling the soul and making the character. We were built better than 
we knew. We laid the foundations of self-conquest. And we began 
friendships which are among the prized memories or felicities of life, in 
spite of death or distance. These things take hold of us before we take 
hold of them. How subtly all these precious things do grow upon us. 
In life, as in Christ, our treasures are hidden. How silentl}^ love grows, 
day and night, we know not how. We go about our work, touching each 
other day by day, without much sentiment in it, perhaps ; or we live in 
family intercourse, and exchange our interests and sympathies in an 
ordinary way, year out, year in. The trifles, the jests, the drudgery, the 
friction, the cares, the sacrifices, the small forgotten kindnesses, all come 
in the day's course. But they mean more and are doing more than we 
know. And it is only when the young child or his mother is taken from 
our side that we realise bitterly how affection was growing, deepening, 
passing into half our life, or becoming our central selves. Or we discover 
it when we joyfully meet the old frolic friend of youth after a long and 
strenuous life. And so what we learned here from books and men, from 
fact and friendship, was making us. It is become a part of us. Much 
may be forgotten as mere lore, but it left us other men, and went to make 
us larger men in a larger, dearer world. We were curiously made in 
secret in these lower parts of earth. Perhaps in heaven we shall forget 
much that now fills us with passion, and we shall go back to those first 
associations which stirred at the time little attention, and no passion at 


all, but they have a fine affinity with the things that weigh most there 

Perhaps in that celestial clime 

Without or sun or moon, 
An earth-born soul might long to hear 

One verse of Bonnie Doon. 

The Wisdom in Wisdom. 

III. But life- wisdom is Christ at the last. Here, I say, as we pursued 
knowledge we began to learn wisdom. But under the great classics of 
human action and thought it rose to be a wisdom greater than our com- 
rades can teach us — the wisdom of the masters. The masters ! Too much 
can easily be made of the mere experience of our own career. Wisdom is 
not in grey hairs alone, nor in the length of years understanding. To find 
you must bring the eye to see. Besides the experience, you need the insight 
to interpret it. That is where Hamlet fell out with Polonius. There is a 
pedantry not only of knowledge but also of wisdom. There are wiseacres 
of the village who despise the sages of the world. They read no more in 
life than a small mother-wit can teach. They borrow no lens from 
genius to enlarge and explain their experience. But a university of 
culture introduces us to life-wisdom on a world scale. It saves us from 
the specialism of mere research, and the trivialism of mere living. More 
than half of the friction and misunderstanding of life is due to the absence 
of those large views of things which it is the chief work of a university to 
give. Great spirits here bade us ask ' What man means, whence he comes, 
where he goes, who dwells beyond the golden stars?' The springs of 
human culture were opened to us here, either in the classroom or the 
library, by those who think and ask to the bottom. And the issue was 
raised and forced which Christ alone can solve. Tones from the solemn 
masks of the Greek dramatists taught us to vibrate with the shock of 
man's collision with fate. We began to acquire the sense of the world- 
tragedy. Shakespeare bore in upon us the connection of character and 
destiny, the moral nature of doom, the interplay of sin and sorrow. Char- 
acter, not Fate, is destiny. Hamlet, Lear, Macbeth, became mighty with 
us, not for the acting, but for their teaching on the last things. We stood 
before the old anomaly of life, the pity, the terror, the mystery, the 
enormity of it all, the swift catastrophe, the damned spot that would not 
out with all the perfumes of Arabia, all the magic of genius. We learned 
not only the cosmic problem of the savant, but the moral problem of the 
sage, in the vastest terms in which the soul has ever put it. Did we 
learn its solution ? Could the genius which supremely posed the question 
pacify us also with the supreme reconciliation, and end all with the sound 
of celestial harpers harping upon their harps? Tragedy became divine — 
but did we reach here the divine comedy? We reaped the last results of 



man's life-wisdom ; but where was life-wisdom to be found on the eternal 
scale ? World-wisdom of the widest under Shakespeare's, Goethe's massive 
brows ; but where was the life-wisdom of the Eternal, the moral principle 
of the spiritual conduct of Eternal God ? We were set the great question ; 
but all our dear University did for us did not equip us with the answer. 
That was elsewhere. It was in Christ. 

But what a step, what a decisive step, we took when we realised that 
the one question Christ came to answer, the one practical problem He 
came to solve, was that which was set by our classic seers, by first-rate 
genius poring with piercing moral realism upon actual life at large ; that 
the Bible was more than the crown of literature — it was the answer to the 
literature of the world. Our University was a schoolmaster to bring us 
to the world's Christ, and to leave us with no other refuge than the cross. 
We found He was a world-Christ inwoven in things. He did not come 
to be taken or left. And He did not come to meet the spiritual needs of 
a group, an elect, or a nation. Nor did He come to solve mere problems, 
to answer the questions of the thinkers with a satisfactory theodicy. He 
was not a thinker, He in whom is hid all wisdom and knowledge, and He 
did not deal with problems. He was a doer, and He faced a task. He 
came to do the Divine thing for universal history at its centre. He came 
to settle, for good and all, the moral crisis of the race, in which every man 
is involved, and every traged}^ soothed. All the life-wisdom of the world 
runs up into Him. He is the reconciliation at which a Shakespeare could 
but hint in closing music, but could never put in clear words, or grasp 
as eternal fact, or divine it as final destiny. From Christ all the world- 
wisdom issued, and in Him it all came home in a victory eternal, universal, 
and secure. Life rose to peace and power in Him in whom it was or- 
dained before the foundation of the world. We began by looking for 
mere symmetry, harmony, poetic calm and personal joy. He has brought 
in a holy peace, passing law or beauty, by a glorious reconciliation in an 
everlasting redemption. What we began in the schools is consummated 
in a Church eternal, immortal and invisible. 

Church and University. 

IV. A church ! What is hidden in Christ is revealed to a church 
and through a church, revealed to a spiritual community, as church or 
even State. The great universities arose in the Church, and they breathe 
always that catholic air. They are corporate spiritual realities. We 
have been made by the past more than we shall ever make the future. 
We owe more in gratitude to the past than we shall ever pay in service to 
the future. Every man owes more to society than he can pay. And the 
higher we go the truer this is. Christ alone gave the race more than it 
gave Him. For ourselves here, we are the legatees of 400 years of culture, 


covering the greatest crisis of the Western spirit. It is culture wrested in 
a stern latitude from the coarser pressures of life, and saved out of its 
meaner cares. We inherit the fruit of that past, its treasures of wisdom 
and knowledge hidden in a spiritual reality. 

Is not an old university a spiritual reality ? What is the university ? 
It is not the mere fabrics, splendid as these are, and go on to be. It is 
not the mere edifices, ofilices, apparatus, charters. It is not the legal 
corpus, tractable to lawyers and courts. It is not even the aggregate of 
its living members in any one generation. It covers many generations 
which live on in it, their precious life-blood treasured up on purpose to a 
life beyond life. It transcends all its fabrics, all its wealth, all its members, 
in a historic undying reality. It acts upon its living members as an ideal 
and unseen power, moulding them more subtly than they know, and 
compelling all endowments, equipments, and officers to this spiritual 
service. It is like the true Church itself potent, invisible, solemn, a 
mighty nursing mother of the greater life. Nay, it is no mean symbol 
of Him whom the Church itself is there to serve, and in whom are stored 
the eternal treasures of wisdom and knowledge. University and Church 
are spiritual presences, of aeonian permanence, and of heavenly origin and 
power. And that power at the long last is the power and majesty of the 
Son of God. It is a great thing, and a gracious, that our life should have 
been cast in such a spiritual mould, and its first years received into such 
heavenly habitations. It is a high and blessed thing (if we but realised 
it) to be cradled in a great old institution, and suck the breast of intellectual 
kings ; to have traditions in our life that come not only from the simple 
pieties of the narrow home but from the noble pieties of a spacious past ; 
to have a venerable intellectual birthplace which we revisit from our dis- 
persion in many lands and many toils. 

Some of us may look back to our first years by a very plain family 
hearth. The low glow of the peat and its dear fragrance fill the memory, 
and its light ash is mingled in our thought with the ashes of those who 
sat round it with us in a long forenight. So also we have the hearth of 
our intellectual life. And there smoulders in us still, as a deep passion 
banked up beneath the slack of life, the glow of grateful memory and the 
flavour of the mind's young time. But it is more than a sentimental 
memory. The vital permanence of a university makes this past a real 
and living presence still. The cottage where we were born may have been 
swept away; the braes around it may now be covered with unlovely 
streets ; the black factory and the roaring loom may stand on the spot 
which echoed once but the lowing of the kine ; and we are glad if we 
can put on our walls some pictures of the old place, saved by art before 
industry ravaged it all. But the home here where our mind was born 
suffers no such fate. Rather the reverse. It not only endures, but it 
has its continuous life in a more splendid form than before. It has risen 


from the dead in a figure, and put on a heavenly body. Nay, it has even 
ousted the slums, and swept away much that was ready to perish and 
better dead. We are stirred to Sabbath thoughts as we visit the birth- 
place of our minds in the city of our solemnities to-day. And we feel 
anew how good a thing it is to have, woven into our personal and earthly 
life, an undying and ever-rising symbol of the eternal wisdom in which 
we all arose, and the white and shining city to which we all move. 
How great it is to be members of a spiritual fabric that ages only renew, 
masters in the art of the rational soul, and alumni of a life which cannot 
die. Do we not turn away sick often from the party passions, tricks, and 
wrangles that occupy the politics of the hour, in order to renew our hearts 
by the large histoiy of the great old nation whose destiny is for the time in 
our trust ? So also from the trivialities, drudgeries, and frictions of detailed 
business, even in a university, we turn at a time like this to remember, in 
Sabbatic frame, the famous men and years of our venerable school, and to 
realise on higher ground the task that they devolve into our hands. 

The Future, Social and Eternal. 

Let us carry the worthy pride of all this spiritual wealth with us into 
the future. Let us face the future with a spiritual world behind us and 
within ; for the sake, too, of a spiritual society. Greater changes await 
society than any which these old walls have seen. New social strata are 
rising with a pace and a power of which our fathers never dreamed. New 
and formidable issues rise with them. New claimants will make startling 
demands on the methods and privileges of the past. Well, material wealth 
may have to endure much, and social privilege yield much. But the 
treasures we have to guard above all are of the kind that fill our thoughts 
to-day. If the democracy threaten to assail, scatter, or neglect these, if it 
only aggravate the materialisms under which already we groan, or the 
soulless clatter of mechanical progress, then it will make enemies that all 
its assaults on property or monopoly could not make. It will alienate 
all the men who could have been its best guides. It will sin against its 
own soul. The chief hope for society, in the changes that must surely 
come, is a fixed and growing devotion to the treasures of wisdom and 
knowledge spread by our culture and hidden in our faith. Knowledge, 
wisdom, faith, reason, conscience, love, justice, pity and help, these are 
the stability of the new time as they have been the strength of the old. 
The old moves onward, leaning on the powers and virtues it has itself 
begotten. It leans upon the arm of its own radiant child. Wisdom is 
justified of its children. And, as I think thus, I see it symbolised in the 
two colleges that are the glory of my native city. I see it in this grand 
old fabric, weighted and wise with the experience and service of four 
centuries, and resting on that other new and stately building, white. 


straight and fine, as the old CEdipus entered Colonus leaning on the arm 
of Antigone, his child. And above all social change sits the Ancient of 
Days, before whose face the ages come and go. Beyond all knowledge 
or virtue bred by us, is the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and 
goodness of God who is at the source of every good and perfect gift, who 
in Christ has given us all things, and whose Christ is past finding out. 

Years ago we came here to draw from our Alma Mater her severe 
blessing, and to receive her arduous boons. To-day we return, not now to 
draw from her, but to bring to her ancient and spiritual presence our 
honour and praise. And so, in long eternity, may we stand round the 
holy fulness of Christ, a great company, saved and sanctified by the 
mystic treasures of His grace; but not concerned then so much to absorb 
His blessings for our single souls, but rather to mirror His glory in a holy 
Church. Our very sin we shall then remember no more as ours for our 
torment, but by a Divine oblivion it shall seem a thing never ours. There 
is now no condemnation. It shall seem a thing external to us, something 
which was but the wondrous occasion of His invincible grace and His 
inseparable love. And the heavenly host shall always pour back on Him 
at its burning centre the manifold light that flows from Him at the first, 
and that makes us partakers of His wisdom and knowledge, who is all 
in all, universus in Jiniversis, world without end. Amen. 


S.R.C. Majority Dinner. 

^ I ^HE dinner held on the evening of Monday, 24th September, in con- 
-*- nexion with the coming-of-age of the Aberdeen University Students' 
Representative Council, had no place in the ofificial programme of the 
Celebrations, for the attainment by the Council of its majority had 
nothing directly to do with the Ouatercentenary. It was a happy idea, 
however, to make the celebration of the two events coincide, and that the 
dinner formed a commencement of the week's programme was fully re- 
cognised. It was through the Council that invitations had been issued to 
the students of other Universities at home and abroad to send repre- 
sentatives to take part in the Quatercentenary, and it was therefore 
eminently fitting that these should be asked to join the Council in cele- 
brating so important a stage in its life as its coming-of-age. The dinner 
served a useful purpose in bringing the student delegates together and 
introducing them to each other. 

The gathering was a unique one in local student history. Sir 
Frederick Treves, the Rector, of course was there. The Chancellor and 
the Principal were present during a part of the proceedings. The " Town " 
was represented by ex-Lord Provost Fleming (to whose efforts the com- 
pletion of the Marischal College Extension Scheme is in no small measure 
due), while Professor W. L. Davidson appropriately represented the ' ' Gown ". 
Mr. James E. Crombie was there as Rector's Assessor, and in his own 
right as the friend of the students. Five past Presidents renewed their 
acquaintance with the Council — Dr. Ashley Mackintosh, Mr. J. Everard 
Rae, Dr. J. C. Philip, Mr. W. M. Calder, and Mr. J. D. Paterson ; and 

the President for the time being, Mr. A. R. Williamson, occupied the 



Chair for the evening. Student delegates were present from all quarters 
of the globe — from the United States, from Canada, from Cape Colony, 
from Australia, from New Zealand, from France, from Belgium, from 
Holland, from Norway, from England, and from Ireland. Not soon will 
such an assemblage be seen in Aberdeen again. 

That the occasion was an important one in the life of the Uni- 
versity was amply demonstrated by various speakers. Lord Strathcona 
felt certain that it was a satisfaction to all connected with the Uni- 
versity to know that the work of the Council had been greatly to the 
benefit not only of the students but of the whole of the University during 
those twenty-one years. Principal Lang felt impelled to make his bow to 
the person who was twenty-one years old and whose majority was being 
celebrated. The Council had stood the test of experiment and had 
justified its existence. He regarded it as one ^of the most important 
features connected with the University, and he thanked it for the great 
services it had done during the year" just past, recognising how much it 
had helped in the arranging of the Celebrations. Mr. J. Forbes Watson, 
the President of the oldest Students' Council, that of Edinburgh, in pro- 
posing the toast of the evening, " The Aberdeen University Students' 
Representative Council," dwelt on the value of the Students' Representative 
Council and pleaded for greater recognition from the University authorities 
— especially financial recognition. 

The outstanding feature of the dinner was the excellence and variety 
of the speeches. Lord Strathcona, in spite of a day spent in travelling, 
gave unmistakable indications of the marvellous vitality and freshness 
which he displayed in all his exacting duties throughout the Celebrations. 
Sir Frederick Treves, in replying to the toast of " Our Guests," just as on 
the night of the Symposium, showed himself to be a witty after-dinner 
speaker, and a delightful raconteur. The various speeches of student 
delegates were listened to with interest and appreciation. The dinner 
made a notable commencement to the Celebration programme ; just as 
the Symposium, another students' function, brought it to a memorable 


Theodore Watt. 


A company of over seventy sat down to dinner in the Queen's Rooms 
under the chairmanship of Mr. A. R. Williamson, President of the Council. 
Mr. James Watt and Mr. James Donaldson, Vice-Presidents of the Council, 
acted as croupiers. At the chairman's table the guests were Sir Frederick 
Treves, Rector ; ex- Lord Provost Fleming, Professor W. L. Davidson, 
Mr. J. E. Crombie, Parkhill House, the Rector's Assessor ; Dr. Ashley 
Mackintosh, Dr. J. C. Philip, Mr. W. M. Calder, Mr. J. D. Paterson 
and Mr. J. Everard Rae. Among the student delegates present were 
Messrs. D. J. Forbes and T, G. Sinclair, St. Andrews ; R. Lee and R. N. 
Napier, Glasgow ; S. S. Dykes and J. B. Forbes Watson, Edinburgh ; 
T. S. C. Dagg and T. J. D. Atkinson, Dublin ; W. H. Davey and T. H. 
Johnstone, Belfast ; J. E. A. Lynham, Galway ; H. G. Williams, Liver- 
pool ; W. G. Peterson, Montreal ; A. G, MuUins, Grahamstown ; M. L. 
MacCallum, Sydney; J. A. Thompson, New Zealand ; Wilder Goodwin, 
Harvard ; M. Vachal, Paris ; Ami Belin, Marseilles ; E. Menten and 
T. C. Deking Dura, Leyden ; H. Motzfeldt and T. B. Wallen, Chris- 

Before the toast list was entered upon, Lord Strathcona and 
Principal Lang joined the company, and on entering the dining-room 
both received a hearty welcome from all present. In honour of Lord 
Strathcona, the students sang " For he's a jolly good fellow," and afterwards 
gave three rousing cheers. 

The Chairman first proposed the toast of the King, and afterwards 
gave the health of the Queen and Royal P'amily. Both sentiments were 
loyally honoured. 

Mr. Wilder Goodwin, Harvard University, proposed the toast of 
" Town and Gown". In doing so he said the late American Ambassador 
to England, Mr. Choate, was once asked what man, not himself, he would 
rather be, and he replied " Mrs. Choate's second husband " — (laughter). 
If he (Mr. Goodwin) were asked what man, not himself, he would rather 
be, he would say a delegate to the Sooth anniversary of Aberdeen Uni- 
versity. In America a few spirits, headed by the President, were trying 
to introduce phonetic spelling, but to him (Mr. Goodwin) Aberdeen, he 
could assure them, would always be spelt "hospitality". With the 
heartiest feelings, he drank the toast of " Town and Gown "—(applause). 


Ex-Lord Provost Pleming, LL.D., said it was very kind of them 
to ask him there at all and still more kind to ask him to reply to the 
toast of " Town and Gown ", He supposed he would be expected to reply 
for the town end of the toast, because Professor Davidson had also to reply 
to the toast, and he would naturally talk more of the gown. Town and 
gown had been associated, at all events in Aberdeen, very happily together 
ever since he had known Aberdeen, and never more happily than in the 
scheme of University extension — (applause). There had been three separate 
Lord Provosts' schemes of extension. There was one under Lord Provost 
Hadden, one under Sir David Stewart, and there was the one which he 
himself had the good fortune to be associated with — (applause) — and in 
all these schemes of extension any supposed jealousies that might have 
been at one time existent between town and gown were for the time being 
entirely laid aside and with one will both pulled for the good of the 
University — (applause). He thought most of them would be very ver}- 
grey-haired before there was another extension movement — (" No ! "). 
He was afraid a good many of them would be non-existent ; but no one 
could deny that in the last extension movement a certain completeness or 
wholeness had been given at all events to the University buildings that no 
one in his wildest dreams twenty years ago could have anticipated — 
(applause). The present buildings were a perfect dream in granite, and 
reflected the very greatest credit upon their own architect, Mr. Mackenzie 
— (applause). It had been sometimes said that the town looked a little 
askance at the University, because they believed that the University looked 
down from rather a lofty height upon the people of the town, but he did 
not think there was very much in that, for he thought on the whole that 
the town people felt a very great and justifiable pride in the fact that a 
University of such distinction existed in their midst — (applause). He was 
sure of this, that whenever an Aberdeen man left his own country, as he 
always did to begin with a little unwillingly, wherever he went and wherever 
he came in contact with Aberdeen people and found that they were not 
working on the lowest step of the ladder, but more frequently pretty near 
the top, and knew that they matriculated in the University of Aberdeen, 
he felt a pride that made him think more highly of the city in which there 
was a University with such a glorious history — (applause). The " Town 
and Gown " had always worked well together, and in no case more so than 
in the latest, and they all hoped that that was the beginning of a week 
that would be memorable to them all, and that a historical week would be 
continued as it had begun in the same glorious weather, and that at the 
end of it they would all lopk back with pride that they had taken part in 
that splendid Quatercentenary movement of which it was the first meet- 
ing — (loud applause). 


Professor W. L. Davidson, who was received with loud applause, said 
he had very great pleasure in responding to the toast of the " Town and 
Gown," because he had managed to live all his days in harmony with both 
— (applause). That perhaps would not be now a difficult feat, but it was 
different in bygone days. It was different even when he was a student. 
He remembered very well when the snowballing came town and gown were 
not in amity — (laughter). When they went farther back they found there 
was a time before the union of the Universities when King's College some- 
times had to defend itself against the sailors, and at another time against 
a New Town mob. Those who had read Neil Maclean in that fine edition 
which had just been published under the auspices of the Students' Repre- 
sentative Council, would remember also that the students frequently came 
to the New Town, and when they could do no further harm they wrenched 
off the knockers and such-like and took them home — (" Oh ! " ). He was 
not sure that that was not done to some extent in his own day — (laughter). 
However, in modern times they lived in peace and quietness all round, and 
there was no finer sight than to see at the present moment how the Lord 
Provost and the Principal hobnobbed to lay schemes and carry them out 
so successfully — (applause). He knew that there was very good feeling in 
the community towards the students, and he could speak from the other 
side and say that there was very good feeling on the part of the students 
towards the community — (applause). They were grateful for what the 
community had done in furthering their interests in the extension of 
Marischal College — (applause). If they discounted the munificence of their 
Chancellor and others, he thought they must allow that the community 
rose very heartily and very swiftly to the response which was made at the 
instigation of their Chancellor ; and in connection with Lord Provost 
Fleming in some six weeks an enormous sum of money was raised to meet 
the wishes of the Chancellor — (applause). It would ill become the Gown 
if it did not respond to the Town, and if they were not willing to show 
their gratitude by at any rate carrying out their rejoicings at the present 
moment with all the decorum and friendliness they could command — 
(applause). They began their celebrations in a very noble manner. 
Nothing could have been more gratifying than their service the previous 
day in King's College Chapel, and it was very pleasing to a great many of 
them who loved old King's with a love that was unbounded to see so many 
former graduates coming back from the North, the South, the East, and the 
West three days before the time, in order that they might take part in that 
Chapel service, because on account of the small space they could not take 
part in the service there to-morrow. It was gratifying to them all, and so 
long as that spirit continued he thought the " Gown " would flourish even 
though it became only a metaphor. He was sorry to refer to the matter 
of metaphor — (laughter; — but his old students would know quite well what 
he meant — (applause). He joined ex-Lord Provost Fleming very heartily 


in thanking them for honouring that toast, and he thanked them most 
heartily for associating his own name with it — (loud applause). 

Mr. J, Forbes Watson, President of the Edinburgh Students' Repre- 
sentative Council, proposed the " S.R.C. ". He said he would yield to no 
one in his sincerity and enthusiasm in proposing this toast. He was proud 
to say that in representing the Students' Council of Edinburgh he repre- 
sented the Council which claimed to be the mother of students' councils 
— (applause) — which claimed to be the first of its kind and the prototype 
of all its followers. That was an honour and privilege, and in Edinburgh 
they looked with maternal pride upon their eldest daughter. They were 
proud to think that to-day she unblushingly told her age as twenty-one, 
and that she had a record behind her which was by no means of small 
value. To-day there was only one S.R.C. in the eyes of Scotland, and it 
was the S.R.C. of Aberdeen — (applause). Eveiy one there knew that the 
past of the S.R.C. was a matter of Scottish history — (laughter and applause). 
He only referred to it as an index of what they might expect from that 
Council in the future. As for the past of S.R.C.'s generally, he thought it 
was best seen if they thought what it was to be a student before S.R.C.'s 
were originated. It had been said that students were then like drifting 
spars on the boundless ocean. There was none of that social intercourse 
which made life worth living, and if there was one thing more than another 
that students' councils had done, it had been the organising of that social 
intercourse and the forming of that friend.ship which made the world and 
themselves happier and better — (applause). It had also done more for 
the development of that preservation of order which was true liberty. There 
was still something to be achieved in that direction ; that he thought was 
within their reach. As for the present, he might be pardoned for saying 
that if he took the President of the' Aberdeen Council as a type and index 
of the present S.R.C, then he thought the present was very well with the 
Aberdeen Council — (applause). If more index were required, he would 
only point to the edition of Alma Mater published that day, which 
he thought would do credit to any S.R.C. known or that ever would be 
known — (applause). As for the future, he might safely say that they had 
no reason for fear, doubt, or despair. The Aberdeen S.R.C. had now left 
the years of its infancy and minority, and had entered upon the highway 
of a full-grown womanhood. Great things were expected from it, and he 
was sure it would rise to the occasion — (applause). Erom his experience 
of students' councils, it seemed to him that there was a great want of 
greater and wider recognition of prestige and dignity, and not until that was 
achieved would there be that resulting order which would be a credit not 
only to themselves and their Universities, but to that wider public which 
watched them and cared for what they did. He thought that recognition 
might take several shapes ; one shape was the financial one. He thought 


they could plead for greater financial recognition from the University 
authorities, and not until that recognition was forthcoming, and, as students' 
councils become more closely identified with the students themselves, 
would there be that decorum and dignity which was worthy of Scottish 
studentdom — (applause). This was the occasion of the Quatercentenary 
Celebrations. In 1884 it was the occasion of the Tercentenary of his 
University, and from these celebrations took place the origin and growth 
of students' councils. He did not think it was vain to look forward to a 
development equally important in the present celebrations — (applause). 
He was confident that the Students' Representative Council of Aberdeen 
was competent to rise to all they might expect of her — (applause). 

Mr. A. G. Anderson replied on behalf of the Students' Representative 
Council, and explained that the Council was in reality a miniature Parlia- 
ment, and acted as an intermediary between the University authorities 
and the students. He thought the mere fact that these councils had 
existed for over twenty years and had been adopted by all Universities in 
Scotland was sufficient justification for their existence. The Aberdeen 
Council at the present time was in an extremely flourishing condition. 
Never in their past history had their relations with the University authori- 
ties been more harmonious than at present — (applause). Previous to the 
introduction of the S.R.C., the social life of the University was non-existent. 
Their social life had been helped by the introduction of women students to 
the University — (laughter and applause) — who had done much to brighten 
their existence and helped it along in every way possible. Mr. Anderson 
concluded by reading the following message, signed by Mr. John Minto, 
Chairman : — 

"Twelve members of the Arts Class, 188 1-5, dining also in the 
Queen's Rooms, and celebrating their majorities as graduates, send 
fraternal greetings to the President and members of the Students' Repre- 
sentative Council. Vivat Academia ! " — (applause.) 

Mr. J. E. Crombie, on rising to propose the toast of " Former Presi- 
dents," was very warmly received. He thanked the students for the hearti- 
ness of the reception accorded him. Mr. Watson had spoken of the 
Students' Representative Council as a young lady who had attained her 
majority. He (Mr. Crombie) was not very sure until he went there whether 
she was a young lady or a young gentleman — (laughter). He was inclined 
to think she was a young gentleman — (laughter) — and if the child was 
father to the man, he thought that very often the nurse was the mother of 
the boy — (laughter). He wished to ask the company to drink very heartily 
to those who had nursed the Students' Representative Council, and who 
had carried it as an infant and had seen it go unwillingly to school — 
(laughter and applause). He wished to congratulate the former Presidents 
on the success of their administration — (applause). 


Mr. J. Everard Rae and Mr. W. M. Calder acknowledged the toast. 

Mr. J. W. Henderson proposed "Our Guests," and said the toast was 
one of more than ordinary significance on that occasion, by reason of the 
distinguished persons they had the honour to entertain. He could not 
mention all their guests, but he felt it would not be the wish of any member 
of the Students' Representative Council that he should sit down without 
alluding to one or two names of admittedly specially important guests. 
There was one name with which they must begin, and that was the 
name of their Chancellor — (applause). The great munificence of Lord 
Strathcona was practically of everyday occurrence, and they opened their 
newspapers almost every morning to read of the blessings he had showered 
down upon them the day before — (applause). They were extremely 
grateful for everything he had done for them, and he (Mr. Henderson) was 
sure it was only right that the students of i\berdeen should take that op- 
portunity through their representatives of expressing to Lord Strathcona 
their very warm and heartfelt thanks for what he had done for them — 
(applause). He would refer next to Sir Frederick Treves, their Lord 
Rector — (applause). It was true that it was only a few short months since 
Sir Frederick Treves undertook the duties of Lord Rector, but he had been 
so energetic and so enthusiastic for everything that tended to promote the 
good of the students that they felt that he was already a very old friend 
amongst them — (applause). He (Mr. Henderson) suggested to Principal 
Lang and the University Court that if Sir Frederick would not accept a 
second term of office as Lord Rector that they might create him a second 
Chancellor, or, if that were not possible, to retain him as Examiner in 
Surgery — (applause). Mr. Henderson also referred to Mr. Crombie's great 
services to the University and to the students — (applause). 

The toast was honoured with great heartiness. 

Lord Strathcona, on rising to reply to the toast, received a great ovation. 
He said it was at all times a great pleasure- to him to meet the students, 
and it was an especial gratification to meet them that night on the occasion 
of the celebration of the coming-of-age of the Students' Representative 
Council, It was a great satisfaction — he was sure it must be not only to 
the members of the Council, but to all connected with the University — to 
know that the work of the Council had been greatly to the benefit, not only 
of the students but of the whole of the University during those twenty-one 
years. He felt it a great privilege to be with them. He confessed that 
on reaching the station he was just a little fatigued after a drive part of 
which was over a new route : that was from Balquhidder, the country of 
the Macgregors, and Comrie, one of the most beautiful parts of country 
not only in Scotland but all the world over. But when he got to the roof 
of their Principal and experienced the genial hospitality of Mrs. Lang and 


Principal Lang, and came again amongst them, he felt that he was really 
amongst old friends again — (applause). It was now a very long time since 
they came to know each other. Time went on very fast in these days, 
and perhaps to one who had gone through the world as long as he had, 
it appeared to go faster. Coming there after a long absence from his 
native country, after having been on the other side of the Atlantic, and 
having been selected by them as Chancellor, he felt that the Students' 
Council and the University had done him a great honour. He was quite 
aware how little he could adequately fill any such position, but his heart 
certainly did go with the work, and he was glad to find that there was 
support from the people of Aberdeen and from the whole community, such 
as could not be otherwise than successful in the great work they had before 
them of adding to the material portion of the University. It was indeed a 
great pleasure to him to see there as one of their honoured guests a gentleman 
who did so much to forward everything that was required for the Uni- 
versity, his friend ex-Lord Provost Fleming. They all recognised how 
much he did to build up that beautiful pile, which was an honour not only 
to the University but to the town of Aberdeen — (applause). It was an 
interesting feature in any city, either within the United Kingdom or in 
any other part of the world — (applause). It was a great satisfaction that 
they had arrived at the point they had now with the completion of their 
buildings. There was yet another gentleman present that evening who 
had aided most materially in the work, and that was Mr. Crombie — (ap- 
plause). To be with them when they and all those who took an interest 
in the University were about to celebrate its 400th anniversary was indeed 
a great satisfaction to them all. He believed that only on one occasion 
before was there any such celebration, and it was not of the character of 
the present day. They were to be graced with the presence of their 
Sovereign the King, who was always ready to join in every good work 
that was brought forward — (applause). He was sure that while it would 
be a great satisfaction to the University and the people of Aberdeen to 
join in receiving the King, it would also be looked back upon as the 
most interesting time by the students of the University and by all con- 
nected with it — (applause). Lord Strathcona again expressed his pleasure 
at being present, and thanked them for their goodness in naming him as 
one of their guests — (applause). 

Sir Frederick Treves, who had an equally hearty reception, said he felt 
there was some anomaly in his attempting to respond to the toast. The 
Rector of the University had an assessor, and he (Sir Frederick) was for- 
tunate in having the most admirable assessor that any Rector could lay 
claim to in the person of Mr. Crombie — (applause). Certainly no assessor 
could have more at heart than his assessor had the interests of the students. 
No one could be a more able business man, and in the elaborate prepara- 


tions which had been made for the celebrations there was no concealing 
the fact that the great moving spirit was Mr. James Crombie — (applause). 
In that connection he (Sir Frederick) spoke with diffidence. He thought 
that the assessor undertook in Aberdeen all the duties of a Rector, and 
therefore he confidently supposed that, when the toast was proposed, Mr. 
Crombie would immediately jump up and do some work — (laughter). He 
need not say that nothing gave him greater pleasure than to meet a body 
of students. The happiest time of his life and the happiest time of theirs 
was the time they spent as students, and the pleasure of meeting a body of 
students was perennial — especially was it a pleasure to meet students of 
Aberdeen whom he knew well, and whom he appreciated as men who were 
keen and well alive. He was only sorry — he did not wish to make a 
specific complaint — that he was not placed with the students at the 
Strathcona banquet, because he thought a dinner ought to be genial and 
quiet, and he was perfectly certain that at the students' table they would 
have both geniality and quietness — (laughter). Of course, there was no 
toast more delightful to reply to than the toast of the guests — there was 
no controversial matter in that. If they had asked him to respond for the 
Bishop and Clergy of the Diocese, he should have been involved in all sorts 
of denominational difficulties — (laughter). If they had asked him to re- 
spond for the House of Commons — well, of course, they were a quarrel- 
some, wrangling body — and he would also be in difficulties if he responded 
for the Army or the Navy. But the guests had no grievance ; there was 
no sort of difference of opinion among them ; they had been exceedingly 
well treated at a most delightful dinner, and they were always most 
genial, happy and contented. He did not suppose any person could wish 
a better toast to respond to than the toast of the guests. He did not say 
that guests had always figured in exactly the same pleasant position as 
they were in on that occasion. They remembered about a certain guest 
in literature — that poor, wretched creature mentioned in The Ancient 
Mariner. That unfortunate man had to listen to an after-dinner speech 
before dinner — he was on his way to dinner, and he never got there — 
(laughter). He had to listen to a speech to the extent of some eighteen 
or twenty pages — (laughter) — but that was the only guest who figured in 
the literature of this country for whom he had any sympathy — (laughter). 
He (Sir Frederick Treves) only represented an extremely well-fed and 
grateful body of people — (laughter). He felt he should not like to leave 
that room without offering them a very sincere word of thanks. He had 
never had an opportunity of thanking the students of the University for 
their kind reception of him when he gave them a Rectorial Address. He 
was given to understand that it would be the battle of Colenso over again 
— (laughter) — and that he should be something like their friend Ladysmith. 
He thought that perhaps he should be covered with some sort of armour 
— (laughter) — but nothing that he could say could express his obligation 


to them for their extraordinary patience in listening to that tedious oration 
— (cries of " No ") — and he really admired their remarkable restraint. He 
could say this, that although certain fortune had befallen him from time to 
time, he was speaking without the least wish to exaggerate or take ad- 
vantage of the occasion when he said that nothing that occurred to his 
mind had given him greater delight or of which he was prouder than the 
fact that the students of Aberdeen had made him their Rector — (applause). 

The Chairman said he thought no University toast-list would be com- 
plete without the name of Principal Lang, and he therefore called upon one 
of their principal guests to say a few words — (cheers). 

Principal Lang said they might very well have omitted his name 
and his speech on that occasion — (cries of " No "). Lord Strathcona they 
had not always with them, but him (the Principal) they had. He was 
disposed, however, to accept the call to address them as a recognition of 
the sympathy in which the Principal and the students were linked to- 
gether. The relation was more than official. It was personal ; and 
certainly, whatever might be his omissions and defects, no man could be 
more truly sympathetic with the work and the aims of students than 
himself He had been styled on one occasion "our" Principal. He 
liked the phrase : it was more kindly and hearty than the formal " the " 
Principal. They were celebrating the coming-of-age of the Students' 
Representative Council. With great satisfaction, he made his bow to the 
persona now twenty-one years old. Their Council had stood the test of 
experiment. It had proved itself to be one of the most important con- 
stituents of their University life. Speaking on behalf of the Court and the 
Senatus, he gratefully acknowledged the helpfulness of the Council in 
the adjustment of the issues between Authority and Liberty, no less than 
in the promotion of a healthy esprit de corps. He thanked the Council 
especially for all that its members had done during the past year in con- 
nection with the arrangements for the Celebration of the Quater- 
centenary. They would meet on the following day and on another day 
in that hall of peace and fraternity which had been erected by the 
munificence of their venerable Chancellor. Four centuries would welcome 
them into a fellowship that is timeless, and he was sure that every re- 
collection of the bright and happy days in that September would be to 
them, as he hoped it would be to all, an inspiration to prove themselves 
worthy of the best traditions of the University — (applause). 

Mr. J, H. Edwards proposed the toast of " The Delegates," and Mr. 
T. M. Johnstone replied for Great Britain, Mr. M. L. MacCallum for the 
Colonies, and M. Ami Belin for the foreign delegates. 



Reception by the Women Students. 
The first of the Marischal College festivities took place on Monday 
night, when the Women Students' Committee gave a reception to the 
lady delegates from the other Scottish Universities. The reception was 
given in the Students' Union at Marischal College, and delegates were 
present from the Universities of St. Andrews (Miss Ida Thomson), 
Glasgow (Miss Macneil) and Edinburgh (Miss Nora Kellaway). The 
delegates were received by Miss Rattray, convener of the Women's Com- 
mittee, and Miss Mary Paton Ramsay, the secretary. Supper was served 
in the course of the evening, and pleasant entertainment was provided for. 
the guests in the form of music, games, etc. 

Dramatic Entertainment. 
On Monday night in the Hall of the High School for Girls, Albyn 
Place, Dr. and Mrs. J. C. Ogilvie Will provided a special dramatic en- 
tertainment for a very large company. The pieces selected for production 
were " Barbara," a one-act play by Jerome K. Jerome, and " My Lord in 
Livery," a humorous piece from the pen of S. Theyre Smith, and the 
cast was as under : — 


Barbara . 

Miss Gladys Ogilvie Will. 


Miss Margie Boissonnet. 


Mr. T. Davidson. 

Finnicum . 

Mr. I. C. Ogilvie Will. 


Lord in Livery." 

Lord Thirhnere 

Mr. A. Burnett Whyte. 

Spiggott . 

Mr. L C. Ogilvie Will. 

Hopkins . 

Mr. H. J. Jopp. 

Robert . 

Master Teddy Lumsden. 

Sybil Amberley . 

Mrs. Warren. 


Miss Gladys Ogilvie Will. 


Miss Sybil Danson. 

Stage Manager . 

. Mr. A. Hogarth. 

? 1 _ 1 , r ,1 

Dr. and Mrs. Ogilvie Will provided tea for the guests. 



Aberdeen Grammar School Reception. 

The Aberdeen Grammar School Former Pupils' Club seized the 
opportunity presented by the University celebrations of welcoming once 
more within the walls of the school the many distinguished former pupils 
who had congregated in Aberdeen. A company which numbered nearly 
a thousand ladies and gentlemen a.s.sembled within the school buildings on 
Tuesday night. The guests were welcomed in the hall of the school by 
the Rector, Mr. H. F. Morland Simpson, who said : — 

When the idea of celebrating our 650th anniversary of the known 
history of the school was first mooted, fears were expressed that we should 
be so overshadowed by the University celebrations that we could not pos- 
sibly muster a gathering of our old friends. On the contrary, instead of 
being overshadowed, I would fain put it otherwise, and say that the Uni- 
versity, with which for so many centuries this school has been so intimately 
associated, is shedding an added brilliance on our gathering. Without 
it we could not have hoped to see such a gathering of our former 
pupils, old and young, and my only fear is that the energetic committee 
has so transformed this school into such a palace of delights that you will 
hardly realise that it is a place of hard and serious work — (laughter). But 
I hope our record will speak for us. You older pupils who look back to 
the old days and the old building in the Schoolhill will realise that there 
is really more in the recorded history of your old school in this building 
than ever gathered round it before. You will see how we endeavour to 
inspire the young with records and examples of their predecessors. Our 
walls can speak for themselves. I bid you all a very hearty welcome, and 
hope you will enjoy a pleasant evening. I have especially to beg that old 
pupils will do us the honour of inscribing the album, which will be cherished 
as a record of this memorable gathering — (cheers). 



Thereafter the company dispersed over the building, visiting the 
laboratories, workshop, gymnasium and class-rooms. In the gymnasium 
and the school hall programmes of music were submitted ; and one of the 
marquees in the grounds was set apart for dancing. 

Later in the evening the company reassembled in the School Hall, 
where speeches were delivered. 

Professor Davidson introduced Mr. Justice Stirling. He rejoiced 
greatly, he said, at having the honour and privilege of being present at 
the 650th anniversary of the Grammar School, which occupied so great and 
so large a place in their affections. Most of them who were older looked 
back to their Grammar School days with great gratitude, and he was 
sure those who were younger looked with great gratitude to their present 
Rector and the teachers in the school — (applause). They were all proud of 
the great scholars who had gone from that institution. They Aberdonians 
got the credit of eulogising too much perhaps their own products. Well, 
he did not deny that they did sometimes boast of their great men, but he 
did not think that the city or a great school like that or the University 
would deserve the name "great" if they did not boast of those of whom 
they might justly be proud — (hear, hear). Sir James Stirling was one of 
those of whom they might justly be proud — (applause) — and therefore he 
hoped they would allow him to boast of Sir James in introducing him that 
night. His was one of the names that were constantly referred to when 
they brought forward the greatness of the Grammar School. He had 
pleasure in introducing Sir James Stirling — (applause). 

Sir James Stirling, who was received with cheers, said he counted it a 
great honour as it wasa great pleasure to be asked to address such a gathering, 
and to give some expression of the sentiment which brought them, the old 
pupils, together, namely, that of showing their continuing interest in the ex- 
istence and welfare of an institution to which each of them owed a great deal 
— (hear, hear). It was in the year 1 846, within a few weeks of sixty years ago, 
that he (Sir James) entered the Grammar School ; it was in October, 1856, 
again within a few weeks of fifty years ago, that he left Aberdeen to go to 
Cambridge — a step which had been followed by his settlement in England, 
instead of Scotland, but it was to the training he received at the Grammar 
School and King's College during these ten years that he, to a large extent, 
attributed any capacity which he had shown for doing the work which fell 
to his lot in the subsequent fifty years — (applause). The mention of such 
periods as fifty years and sixty years necessarily involved an anticipation 
of great changes in the meantime. If no change had taken place the in- 
ference would be inevitable that Aberdeen had gone to sleep, but they all 


knew it had not, and that the changes were very considerable. One struck 
them at the outset, for that was not the Grammar School in which he was 
brought up — (laughter). Every one, however, would admit that the change 
was one for the better. Indeed in his time it was well recognised that the 
old building had grown to be excessively shabby. He remembered how 
Dr. Melvin, in his annual addresses in Latin to the Lord Provost, Magi- 
strates and Council would begin by giving them a warm welcome, and pro- 
ceed to express his regret that the welcome .should be given in such a 
place. Of course the Lord Provost and Town Council were the patrons 
and governors of the school, and it was their duty to provide the doctor 
with a new Grammar School — (applause) — but his very open hints failed 
to take effect, and the new Grammar School did not come till after Dr. 
Melvin's death. Sir James congratulated the present headmaster and his 
assistants on the new buildings. He congratulated those with whom the 
control of the school now rested that they had no longer to encounter the 
abundant criticisms of a headmaster in Latin — (laughter). But it was 
not only the building that had changed. In his time the Grammar School 
was a Grammar School, and grammar in that connection meant Latin 
grammar. Truly it was a Latin grammar school in the full sense of the 
term — (laughter). Sir James Stirling proceeded to speak of Dr. Melvin's 
method of teaching, and his characteristics. In all his teaching. Sir James 
Stirling ascribed to Dr. Melvin the model and importance of accuracy. 
Dr. Melvin, he said, was a man who was gifted with a genius for accuracy 
— (hear, hear). In that connection he (Sir James) did not profess to have 
attained to perfection, but he contended that he had for a great part of his 
life kept company with people of accurate minds, and he confessed that he 
had never found anybody that came so near the standard of perfection in 
this direction as Dr. Melvin — (applause). The result of the whole was that 
the great benefit which was derived from the Grammar School in his time 
was the importance of accuracy. As far as it went, and to the extent to 
which it was carried through under Dr. Melvin, the teaching of accuracy 
was a very beneficial one in the interests of youth — (hear, hear). That 
was the point he (Sir James) desired to make, and having done so, he left 
the rest of the field to the speakers who were to follow- — (cheers). 

Colonel Sir William Sinclair Bisset, who was introduced by Mr. H. 
F. Morland Simpson, said he was also brought up at the old Grammar 
School in Schoolhill. His father looked upon Dr. Melvin as the great 
creator of the Aberdeen Grammar School and as an excellent man and 
teacher of boys. If the .subjects now taught were more numerous in ac- 
cordance with the march of modern requirements, they were also in the 
hands of a very numerous and able staff, and the present Rector could wish 
for nothing better than that the same verdict should be pronounced upon 
his teaching staff as had just been pronounced by Mr. Justice Stirling 


upon the teaching of Dr. Melvin — (cheers). The whole of the old school 
would have gone into that hall, but yet it turned out good men, and, 
although the subjects taught were limited, the men found themselves well 
placed to compete in the race in the outside world. Nowadays there were 
many necessary adjuncts to a school if it was to maintain the proper 
standard — the high standard — which Aberdeen in its determination always 
to have the best of everything must certainly aspire to — (cheers). He 
rather regretted that the accommodation for playing games was some- 
what limited at the school, and he recommended the School Board to see 
that the recreation ground was enlarged — (cheers). He remembered 
many years ago being invited to subscribe towards providing a statue of 
Lord Byron, one of the most distinguished of their scholars, and the other 
day he was surprised to see that subscriptions were still being invited to 
complete the sum necessary for that purpose. He would ask the young 
men there — How many of them ever read Byron ? And had none of the 
young ladies present ever read Byron ? He should have thought that in 
that community every one would have been ready to honour the poet by 
contributing towards the erection of a memorial which would be worthy 
of the place and the great name of Byron — (applause). He regretted ex- 
ceedingly that the statue had not been erected, and he hoped the necessary 
sum would be soon forthcoming to complete the scheme — (cheers). Lord 
Roberts had recently brought to the notice of the country in most spirited 
manner the need for training boys to bear arms. It was. on record that 
in former days the boys of the Grammar School were compelled to go 
through a course of training in archery, so that they might take their 
place in the defence of their homes. He hoped the school would con- 
tribute largely to the volunteer force of Aberdeen, and establish that 
character of the school for patriotism which Aberdeen had always main- 
tained. He asked the company to join with him in wishing continued 
prosperity to the school and the Rector — (cheers). 

Professor David Ferrier, M.D., said his recollections of the Grammar 
School were associated with the building in Schoolhill, which he had 
searched for that day. He was sorry it was not allowed to stand merely 
as an archaeological relic — (laughter). The boys of the Grammar School 
at the present time enjoyed many more advantages than they did in old 
days. The classrooms were more spacious, the opportunities for recrea- 
tion were greater now. At the old school they had only a granite-paved 
quadrangle to play in, and their games took the shape of a modified form 
of horseplay. He looked upon games as an important part of school 
training. He did not attach so much importance to them as was done 
in England, where games seemed to be the end and aim of the schools, 
and where boys were appreciated not .so much by the position they took 
in the class, as by their proficiency in sports. After all, the work of the 


school was intellectual training, and the games ought to be subsidiary 
to that. The world was ruled by brains ; mere brute force was cheap 
enough, but technical training was only attained by long continued appli- 
cation. The best thing was to have a combination of games and intel- 
lectual training. As a doctor, he would give this advice to boys — if they 
wished to succeed in life and keep fit in body and mind they should work 
haid and play well — (cheers). If they did they would not trouble the 
doctor very much — (renewed cheers). 

About midnight a party of guests arrived from the Corporation ban- 
quet, the party including Lord Strathcona, the Archbishop of Canterbury, 
Principal Lang, Mr. Justice Grantham, Mr, James Murray, M.P., and Mr. 
J. M. Henderson, M.P. 

Professor Davidson introduced Lord Strathcona to the company as 
one " whom we all revere " — (cheers). 

Lord Strathcona, who received a rousing welcome, said he would not 
at that late hour say more than express the pleasure it gave him to be 
that night in a school which had a reputation over sixty years ago. In 
his early days — now some eighty years ago — he heard of the Grammar 
School as being the finest school in the whole United Kingdom — (cheers). 
The Aberdeen University dated back 400 years and the Grammar School 
went 250 years farther back, so that they might regard it as the parent of 
the great University of Aberdeen — (hear, hear). He thanked them for 
allowing him the opportunity to be present at that interesting gathering. 
He would carry away from it very pleasant memories — (cheers). 

Three cheers were then given for Lord Strathcona. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury, who was also loudly cheered, said at 
that late hour the most appropriate speech to make would be " Good-night " 
— (laughter). He delighted to take part in a gathering of past pupils of a 
great school such as that had been. He held the somewhat unique posi- 
tion of being the governor of a larger number of public schools in the United 
Kingdom than any man who ever lived — (laughter). The more he had had 
to do with public school life in any sense of the term the more convinced he 
was that there was no link, except of that of home, which was capable of 
so much that was really helpful as the link with a school which one had 
attended in early life — (cheers). He was at Harrow School, and every time 
he returned there was a source of fresh stimulus and fresh incentive towards 
what was highest and best as well as being productive of rich memories 
of the happy days gone by. The memory of those happy days linked 
with the thought of what was going on at the school now was an incentive 


to all old pupils to do their work better and set them forward with fresh 
effort in the path they had to go. He was glad to be there that night to 
add fresh recollections to his store of memories connected with public 
schools. They were glad to have with them Lord Strathcona to stimulate 
them by his example and encourage others to follow his example. He 
was perfectly certain they all rejoiced to be with his lordship on the oc- 
casion of his visit as Chancellor of the University at that school, which 
had been so honourably linked with the history of Aberdeen and its Uni- 
versity — (cheers). 

The thanks of the company were afterwards given to the various 
speakers, and the social part of the evening's proceedings was thereafter 

Women Students' At Home. 
On Tuesday evening an At Home was given by the Women Students 
in the Gj^mnasium of Robert Gordon's College. Refreshments were served 
and a musical entertainment was provided, after which the guests assembled 
in the quadrangle to witness the return of the Torchlight Procession, and 
the dance round the bonfire of torches. 

Dramatic Entertainment. 
The dramatic entertainment provided by Dr. and Mrs. J. C. Ogilvie 
Will was repeated on Tuesday evening. 

The Society of Advocates' Luncheon. 

The Society of Advocates offered to the University early in the year 
1906 to give a Luncheon to as many eminent lawyers and other distin- 
guished persons, who might be visiting Aberdeen during the Centenary 
week, as its Hall would accommodate, and this offer was accepted. 
Later, however, the University Authorities, finding that it was necessary 
to arrange for Post and Telegraph Offices and other accommodation out- 
side the University, applied to the Society of Advocates for the use of its 
buildings, as they were sufficiently large, conveniently situated, and very 
suitable for the requirements of these Offices — which was granted. This 
necessitated the abandonment of the proposed Luncheon. In order, how- 
ever, to carry out, as far as it could then be done, the Society's intention, 
and to keep faith with the University, the President, Mr. Alexander 
Edmond, invited to lunch on Wednesday, 26th September, as many of 
the intended guests for the larger function as his house, 18 Rubislaw 
Terrace, would permit. The following is a note of those invited : — 

The Lord Provost, Sheriff Crawford, The Moderator of the General 
Assembly of the Church of Scotland, The Lord Justice General, The 
Lord Advocate, The Lord Justice Clerk, Sir Edward Fry, the Dean of 
Faculty, The Solicitor General, The Lyon King of Arms, The Deputy 
Keeper of the Signet, The Rev, Dr. Mitchell, Moderator Designate of the 
General Assembly of the Church of Scotland ; Professor Goudy, Oxford ; 
Professor Rankine, Edinburgh; Professor Borgeaud, Geneva; Professor 
Deruginsky, St. Petersburg ; Professor Taranger, Christiania ; Professor 



Grabar, Juriefif-Dorpat ; The President of the Society of Solicitors ; The 
Treasurer of the Society of Advocates ; The Factor of the Society of 
Advocates ; and G. W. W. Barclay, Esq. 

The Medico-Chirurgical Society's Dinner. 
The Medico-Chirurgical Society invited a number of medical visitors 
to dine with its members in the Grand Hotel on Wednesday at 6 P.M., 
that hour being fixed to permit those invited to be present later at other 
evening functions. The chair was occupied by the President (Professor 
Ogston), while Professor Cash and Dr. John Gordon -acted as croupiers. 
Among the invited guests were : — Professors Chruschtschoff and Turner, 
St. Petersburg ; Professor Trendelenburg, Leipzig ; Professor Kobert, 
Rostock ; Professor Loffler, Greifswald ; Professor Lonnberg, Stockholm ; 
Professor Schiick, Upsala ; Professor Deniker, Paris ; Professor Parker, 
Manitoba ; Professors Sir Thomas Eraser and Cossar Ewart, Edinburgh ; 
Professor Sir T. McCall Anderson, Glasgow; Professors Clifford Allbutt 
and Alexander Macalister, Cambridge ; Professor Little, Dublin ; Pro- 
fessor Sir W. Whitla, Belfast ; Professor Cushny, University College, 
London ; Professor Watson Cheyne, King's College, London ; Surg.-Gen. 
Sir Alfred Keogh, A.M.S. : Sir William Smyly, Dublin; Dr. Carl 
Lauenstein, Hamburg; Dr. J. Peddie Steele, Florence; Mr. C.Watson 
McGillivray, Edinburgh ; Dr. D. C. MacNeil, Glasgow ; Colonel David 
Bruce, R.A.M.C. ; Dr. Leslie Mackenzie, Edinburgh ; Mr. Francis Jaffrey, 
London ; Dr. Frederick Taylor, London ; Dr. George H, Savage, 

After the loyal toasts Dr. Gordon proposed " The Imperial Forces," 
which was responded to by the Director General of the Army Medical 
Service, and Dr. Scott Riddell ; the Chairman gave " The Guests," and 
Professors Trendelenburg, Deniker, White and Allbutt replied. Professor 
Ferrier — "The University" — Professor Cash. Professor McKendrick — 
"The Society"— Dr. A. R. Galloway. 

The Lord Provost's Luncheon. 

After the ceremony in the quadrangle of Marischal College, the 
King and Queen were the guests at luncheon of Lord Provost and Mrs. 
Lyon. Their Majesties, with whom came their suite, were welcomed 
to the Town House by the Lord Provost, and thereafter Mrs. Lyon was 
presented. Their Majesties then proceeded to the Town Hall in which 
were assembled all those invited to the luncheon. 

Lord Provost Lyon, bowing, said : May I present an address to Your 
Majesty from the Corporation ? 

His Majesty — Please. 

Dr. William Gordon, Town Clerk, then read the following address : — 

To THE King's Most Excellent Majesty. 


We, the Lord Provost, Magistrates, and Council of the City and 
Royal Burgh of Aberdeen, humbly desire to offer to Your Majesty a re- 
spectful and hearty welcome to Aberdeen. 

We remember with pleasure the former occasions on which Your 
Majesty, when Prince of Wales, visited our ancient City, and we gladly avail 
ourselves of this opportunity of renewing to Your Majesty the assurance 
of our loyalty and attachment. 

We also desire to offer a most cordial welcome to Her Majesty 
Queen Alexandra, who has been graciously pleased to accompany Your 
Majesty, and to honour with her presence the ceremony of to-day. 

It is a source of much gratification to us that Your Majesty's first 
visit to Aberdeen since your accession to the Throne should be associated 
with the Quatercentenary celebrations in connection with our University, 
and the formal inauguration of the new buildings at Marischal College. 

In Your Majesty's presence on this occasion, we recognise the deep 



and active interest Your Majesty has ever shown in those institutions 
which have for their object the advancement of scientific study and re- 
search,^and the diffusion of learning. 

We earnestly pray that the blessing of the Almighty may attend 
Your Majesty, and Her Majesty Queen Alexandra, and that Your 
Majesty's reign may be long and peaceful, and marked by continued 
prosperity among all classes of your subjects. 

Given under our City Seal this twenty-seventh day of 
September, One Thousand Nine Hundred and Six. 
Alexander Lyon, Lord Provost. 
W. Gordon, Town Clerk. 

Lord Provost Lyon placed the address in its casket, and bowing, 
presented it to His Majesty. 

The King — Is that casket the workmanship of Aberdeen ? 

Lord Provost Lyon — No, Your Majesty. 

His Majesty — On behalf of myself and the Queen, I thank you for 
your cordial welcome and your loyal and dutiful address. It gives me 
great pleasure to find myself once more in your ancient city, and to recall 
the memory of the earlier visits to which you referred. I rejoice to know 
by your presence here to-day that the city amid its commercial develop- 
ment is proud to be the home of a venerable University, and joins with 
enthusiasm on this occasion in commemorating its long record of useful 

The Secretary for Scotland, Mr, Sinclair, asked the Lord Provost to 
step forward, as His Majesty desired to confer the honour of knighthood 
upon him. A cushion was placed on the dais for the Lord Provost to 
kneel upon. 

His Majesty, addressing the Lord Provost — It is m)' pleasant duty to 

confer the honour of knighthood on your lordship. 

The King, receiving a sword from the Secretary for Scotland, tapped 
the Lord Provost lightly on the shoulder, and, taking him b)' the hand, 
said : — 

Rise, Sir Alexander Lyon. 

The Lord Provost asked leave to make presentations, and, the King 
bowing, there were presented : — 


Baillie Esslemont. 

Baillie Coutts. 

Dean of Guild Murray. \ n^i r- j. ^- r> ^^- >^ 

T- Tv/r £r Y I he LorpOTatton Keceptton Lommtttee. 

Treasurer Meft. ^ ^ 

Councillor James Barron. 

Councillor William Todd. / 

Baillie Kendall Burnett. 

Baillie Booth. 

Baillie Milne. 

Baillie Johnston. 

The Town Clerk. 

The City Chamberlain. 

The Chairman of the Royal Infirmary. 

The Convener of the Incorporated Trades, 

The Chairman of the Aberdeen School Board. 

The Rev. J. Esslemont Adams, B.D. 

Mr. John Gordon, M.D. 

Lieutenant Alexander Lyon, ist V.B. Gordon Highlanders, 

Ex-Baillie James Tulloch. 

Luncheon was served in the Town and County Hall. The following 
is a list of the guests : — 

Their MAJESTIES the KiNG and the QUEEN, 
Their Majesties' Suite, inz. : — 

The Earl Howe (Her Majesty's Chamberlain). 

The Lord Colebrooke (Lord-in-Waiting). 

Colonel Legge (Equerry). 

The Lady-in- Waiting to Her Majesty (the Lady Katharine Coke). 
The Lord and Lady Strathcona. 

The Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. 
The Archbishop of Canterbury. 
The Earl and Countess of Aberdeen. 
The Earl and Countess of Kintore, 
The Secretary of State for War. 
The Chief Secretary for Ireland, and Mrs. Bryce. 
The Secretary for Scotland, and Lady Marjorie Sinclair. 
Sir Frederick and Lady Treves. 
The Very Rev. Principal and Mrs. Lang. 
Sir David and Lady Stewart. 
Lieutenant-General Leach, V.C. 
Ex-Lord Provost Mearns. 
Ex-Lord Provost Fleming. 


Ex-Lord Provost Walker. 

The Lord Provost of Edinburgh, K.C.V.O. 

Mr. Duncan V. Pirie, M.P. 

Mr. James Murray, M.P. 

Sheriff Crawford, K.C. 

The Convener of the County. 

Mr. James E. Crombie and Mrs. Crombie. 

Mr. David Littlejohn, LL.D. 

Professor Davidson. 

Professor Hay. 

Professor Ogston. 

Professor Cowan. 

Professor White, Pennsylvania. 

The President of the Students' Representative Council. 

The Town Clerk and Mrs. Gordon. 

The City Chamberlain. 

Baillie Esslemont. 

Dean of Guild Murray. 

Treasurer Meff. 

Mr. A. Marshall Mackenzie, LL.D., A.R.S.A. 

The Chairman of the Royal Infirmary. 

The Convener of the Incorporated Trades. 

The Chairman of the Aberdeen School Board. 

Mr. Samuel Barrow, J. P., London. 

The Rev. J. Esslemont Adams, B.D. 

Mr. John Gordon, M.D. 

Lieutenant Lyon and Miss Lyon. 

Ex-Baillie Tulloch- 

After lunch, Lord Provost Lyon said : My lords, ladies and gentle- 
men, — I have the very high honour to ask you to join me in drinking health, 
happiness and long life to Their Most Gracious Majesties. I give you 
the King and the Queen. 

The whole company rose and cordially toasted the health of Their 
Majesties, who also rose and bowed in acknowledgment. 

Thereafter the pipers of the 3rd Battalion Gordon Highlanders, 
entered the room and marched round the hall playing inspiriting airs. 
A programme of music had been played by Mr. Wood's orchestra while 
lunch was in progress. 


Their Majesties afterwards retired to the reception room, accompanied 
by Sir Alexander and Lady Lyon, and the following guests were presented 
to the King and Queen : Lord and Lady Kintore, Lord and Lady Aber- 
deen, Lady Marjorie Sinclair, Mr. and Mrs. Bryce, Mr. D. V. Pirie, M.P., 
Mr. James Murray, M.P., ex-Lord Provost Fleming, the Moderator of the 
General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, and the Archbishop of 
Canterbury. Their Majesties thereafter retired to their respective rooms 
for a short interval prior to their departure for the railway station. 

Women Students' At Home. 
After the inauguration ceremony was over the Women Students were 
At Home to the Student Delegates in the Union, when each Delegate 
was presented by the S.R.C. with a specially bound copy of the Quater- 
centenary edition of Neil Maclean's Life at a Northern University, and a 
copy of the special number of Alma Mater. Thereafter the delegates 
were photographed in a group arranged in the quadrangle. This photo- 
graph was reproduced in the number o{ Alma Mater iox 31st October. 

Medico-Chirurgical Society's Concert. 
On the evening of Thursday the Medico-Chirurgical Society gave a 
Concert from 8.30 to 10 P.M. in the Ball Room of the Music Hall. 
This concert was intended for the benefit of visitors who could not share 
in the Strathcona banquet, especially the many ladies accompanying 
graduates or guests. 


Students' Matinee. 

A special Students' Matinee at Her Majesty's Theatre was arranged 
by the Students' Representative Council, commencing at 2,15 p.m. An 
invitation to the Matinee was sent by the Council to each of the Student 
Delegates, and most of these were present. The play was " His House in 
Order," performed by Mr. George Alexander's Company. 

Medico-Chirurgical Society's Dinner. 
The Medico-Chirurgical Society gave a second dinner in the Grand 
Hotel on Friday at 6 P.M. Dr. Angus Fraser presided over a company of 
about eighty, Professor Stephenson and Dr. George Edmond acting as 
croupiers. Among the invited guests were — Professor Kronecker, Bern ; 
Professor Sirotinin, St. Petersburg ; Professor Hueppe, Prague ; Professor 
Kostanecki, Cracow ; Professor Delage, Paris ; Professor Kelly, Baltimore ; 
Professor Romiti, Pisa ; Professor Einthoven, Leyden ; Professor Post, 
Beirut ; Professors Hamburger and van Wijhe, Holland ; Professor 
Owen Snow, Cape Town ; Provost Anthony Traill, Dublin ; Professor 
Cleland, Glasgow ; Director-General H. M. Ellis, London ; Sir Henry 
Craik, M.P. ; Mr. James Bryce, M.P. ; Major Ronald, Liverpool 
School of Tropical Medicine. The loyal toasts were given from the 
chair. Dr. George Edmond proposed " The Imperial Forces," which was 
replied to by Director-General H. M. Ellis, Major Ronald Ross and 
Surgeon-Major G. Williamson. The chairman gave " The Guests," and 
Professor Kronecker, Professor Delage, Professor Kelly and Professor 
Cleland replied. Mr. Bryce — "The University" — Professor Stephenson. 
Provost Anthony Traill — "The Society" — Dr. Thomas Milne. 


We had been gathered from cot and grange, 

From the moorland farm and the terraced street, 
Brought together by chances strange, 

Knit together by friendships sweet. 

Not in the sunshine, not in the rain. 

Not in the night of the stars untold. 
Shall we ever all meet again. 

Or be as we were in the days of old. 

Walter C. Smith. 


Arts Class, 1852-56. 

A reunion of the class at Marischal College, 1852-56, was held on 
Wednesday in the Palace Hotel, at which the following members were pre- 
sent : Rev. A. B. Barkway, Liverpool, who presided ; Rev. C. Dunn, D.D., 
late of Birse; Dr. Joseph Ogilvie, rector, Church of Scotland Training 
College, Aberdeen ; Dr. George Mair, R.N. ; Messrs. J. Lyall Grant, C. 
Home Sinclair, and John Parker, class secretary. There were also two 
guests. Several absent friends sent letters of apology, which were read. 

Arts Class, 1856-60. 

A reunion of the King's College class, 1856-60, was held in the 
Palace Hotel on Tuesday evening. Mr. A. H. Benton, I.C.S. (retired), the 
first bursar of the class, presided, and Professor Cameron acted as croupier. 
The interest of the reunion lay in the fact that this was the last class that 
graduated at King's College. In i860, on the occasion of the graduation, 
the class formed itself into a club, which in 1862 took the name of the 
King's College Club. A reunion has taken place every year since i860. 
A class Record had been prepared in the course of the year, and was dis- 
tributed at the meeting.^ The members were highly satisfied with the 
volume which has been prepared by Messrs. Taylor & Henderson with 
their usual care and artistic skill. 

After the loyal toasts, " Alma Mater " was proposed by Professor 

^ As reported in the local newspapers. ^See Appendix M. 

(353) 23 


Cameron, who referred to the origin of King's College in the period of the 
Renaissance, The toast of the evening — "The Class 1856-60" — was 
proposed by the chairman, who referred to the advantages of such clubs 
and to the fact that the club was intended by the last magistrands of 
King's College to keep alive the friendships which had been formed during 
the curriculum. The other toasts were: "Absent Members," by Rev. 
A. Meldrum, Logierait ; "City of Aberdeen," by Mr. James Watt, 
Aberdeen; "The Church," by Mr. W. Duthie, Collynie ; "The Record 
Committee," by Rev. G. C. Watt, Edinkillie ; and "The Chairman," by 
Rev. A. Sutherland, Perth. In the course of the evening a presenta- 
tion was made to Mr. James Mearns, Aberdeen, in appreciation of his 
valuable services to the club for many years, and especially for his in- 
defatigable labours in the preparation of the Record. The meeting, which 
marked the jubilee of the formation of the class, was an extremely happy 
and successful one. 

Arts Class, 1862^66. 

A reunion was held on the evening of Monday, 24th September, when 
twenty-three dined together in the Grand Hotel. Dr. Mitchell Bruce, 
London, occupied the chair, and the Hon. Sir James Sivewright, of TuUi- 
allan, K.C.M.G., was croupier. The others present were: Revs. Principal 
Hector, D.D., late of Calcutta ; W. C. Russell, Darwen, Lancashire ; W. 
Innes, Skene; T. Mitchell, Hillside; C. Macdonald, Rogart ; G. Williams, 
Thornhill, Stirling; R. Macleod, John Knox U.F., Aberdeen; J. Gillan, 
Edinburgh ; Mr. J. A. Trail, LL.D., W.S., Edinburgh ; Drs. Coutts, Man- 
chester ; Cruickshank, Nairn ; Mitchell, Rayne ; Messrs, Cran, Ashcroft, 
British Columbia ; Macgowan, Paris ; G, Ness, London ; A. Duthie, 
Tarves ; A. W. Robertson, Banchory ; Thomson, Spynie ; M'Lennan, 
Springhill ; W. Johnston, Aberdeen ; John Robertson, Rhynie ; James 
Grant, Fyvie ; A. Forsyth, London. A statement submitted by one of 
the joint-secretaries showed that those entering the first class in 1862 
numbered 123, that during the next three years there joined as re- 


gular or private students, 39, making a total of 162. Of these 90 are be- 
lieved to be alive. Many had gone abroad, and both at home and abroad 
many have attained a good and distinguished position. 

Arts Class, 1866^70. 

The fifth triennial reunion of the members of 1866-70 Arts Class of 
Aberdeen University was held on Monday evening in the Royal Hotel. 
Dr. W. Robertson Nicoll, London, presided, and Dr. Charles C. Greig, 
Fy vie, was croupier. The other members of the class present were : Rev. 
B. Alcock, Cruden ; Rev. James Angus, Stirling ; Mr, James Bamet, 
Aberdeen; Rev, Richard Cameron, Jedburgh; Mr. William Campbell, 
Cardiff; Dr, James Cantlie, London; Rev, William Christie, Dyce; Mr, 
George Cruden, Aberdeen ; Mr, John Duguid, Aberdeen ; Mr, William 
Garden, Penicuick ; Mr, Alexander Green, Aberdeen ; Rev, William Greig, 
Rayne ; Professor Andrew Jamieson, Glasgow ; Mr, J, G. Laing, London ; 
Rev, Duff MacDonald, Dalziel; Mr. D, G. Miller, Glasgow; Mr. J, C. M. 
Ogilvie-Forbes of Boyndlie; Rev. W. R. Pirie, Nairn; Mr. Alexander 
Shewan, St. Andrews ; Professor J. W. H, Trail, Aberdeen ; Mr, Johnston 
Watson, London ; and Mr, James R. Whyte, Aberdeen. 

After dinner, a number of toasts were honoured. 

Mr. J. C. M. Ogilvie-Forbes gave "Our Alma Mater". 

Professor Trail, in response, said that their class was one of the many 
classes which had met in Aberdeen that night to wish well of the University, 
and he thought the University had a claim to their wishing well of her. 
It was considered at first a hopeless task to raise ;^8o,ooo for the extension 
of Marischal College ; but they had faced it, and what was looked upon 
as impossible had been successfully carried out — (hear, hear). He pre- 
dicted that in a short time further extension would be necessary. Four 
hundred years had passed, and the University was more alive than ever — 
(applause). He was sure it was their earnest hope that the celebrations 
of the week would be pleasant to the sons and daughters of the University 
and the guests who would be present with them — (applause). 

Rev. W. R. Pirie, who proposed " Our Class," said that the memories 
of their class were becoming to many of them somewhat dim and indis- 
tinct, but were recalled in the beautiful, and what would be to them the 


treasured, ode of their chairman.^ In the course of forty years much had 
become blurred and faded of what was once written, no doubt, very clearly 
upon the tablets of their memory. At the same time, there were scenes 
and incidents connected with their college curriculum which stood out very 
clearly in the mind of each of them, and would linger to their very latest 
breath. Those things were recorded by Mr. Shewan in that work which 
was outstanding as a record of a University class. They owed Mr. Shewan 
a deep debt of gratitude. They all congratulated Dr. Robertson Nicoll 
on the distinguished position he had carved out for himself, and the far- 
reaching influence he exercised on the thoughts and hearts of many men 
and women to-day — '(applause). Dr. Nicoll had reflected the very highest 
credit upon his class — (applause). One other name he might mention, 
the name of one who had also in different ways reflected credit — the name 
of Alexander Shewan — (applause) — who had made his mark in the service 
of his country in the East. 

Mr. William Garden replied. 

The chairman proposed " Meminisse Juvat". He coupled the toast 
with the names of Mr. Alexander Shewan and Mr. John Duguid. He re- 
ferred to their indebtedness to Mr. Shewan for the work he had done in 
connection with the preparation of the Class Record, already mentioned. 
It was through their friend, Mr. John Duguid, the secretary, he stated, 
that those reunions were held. 

Mr. Alexander Shewan, in the course of reply, said every memory he 
had of the old class was a pleasant memory. They had added one more 
to those kindly associations that night, and he could assure them it would 
never be forgotten by him. He had received numerous kindly letters, 
and he valued greatly the sentiments expressed by the writers. They 
were all aware that when they decided to publish the Record a com- 
mittee was appointed in Aberdeen, and they appointed Mr. Duguid as 
their secretar>'. They all knew how faithfully that part of the work was 
done. There was a great deal of work to be done, as it was one thing to 
get a book into manuscript but it was quite another thing to get it printed 
and issued to the world. He perhaps more than all others knew how 
unselfishly Mr. Duguid had done the work, and the committee had resolved 
that some small tangible evidence of their affection for him and recognition 
of the effective way he had discharged his duties was to be presented to 
him — (applause). It was to take the shape of a comfortable arm chair 
and would recall the days when he worked for them in the matter of the 
Record, and the thought that they all believed he did his duty — (applause), 

^ See Appendix J. 


Mr. John Duguid also replied. 

Rev. Richard Cameron, in proposing the toast of "The Chairman," 
said Dr. Nicoll's versatility was such that it would take a good many of 
them to cover all the sides of his character and splendid work. 

The toast was'enthusiastically honoured, and Dr. Robertson Nicoll 
made a brief reply. 

Arts Class, 1868^72. 

The Arts Class of 1868-72 held a reunion, beginning with a dinner in 
the Grand Hotel on Monday evening and ending with a luncheon in the 
Cruden Bay Hotel on Friday afternoon. Both of these functions were 
presided over by Mr. James Murray, M.P., whose guests his class-fellows 
were at the luncheon, to which the party were taken by a special train 
provided by their host. Among those present were : Mr. P. J. Anderson, 
librarian to the University ; Dr. William Bannerman, Edinburgh ; Dr. 
G. M. Edmond, Aberdeen ; Mr. A. M. Ellis, King-Edward ; Rev. W. C. 
Flint, Fort-Augustus : Rev. James Forrest, Harthill ; Rev. John Gall, 
Rutherglen ; Professor N. J. D. Kennedy; Dr. G. S. Middleton, Glasgow; 
Mr. W. L. Mollison, Clare College, Cambridge; Mr. F. G. Murdoch, 
Edinburgh ; Mr. A. M. Murray, Aberdeen ; Rev, Thomas Murray, army 
chaplain ; Mr. William Reid, Glasgow ; Mr. Alexander Ritchie, Urquhart ; 
Mr. R. D. Robertson, Clochcan ; Mr. James Simpson, Banff; Dr. T. A. 
Skene, Cove ; Mr. George Sorrie, Stonehaven ; Rev. P. B. Thom, Fos- 
soway; Dr. Albert Westland, Aberdeen ; Dr. R. M. Wilson, Tarty. 

The only guest (and he has been the regular guest of the class since 
their first reunion twenty-seven years ago) was their beloved teacher Dr. 
David Rennet. A telegram conveying kindly remembrances was sent to 
Professor Frederick Fuller, now the sole survivor of the professorial staff 
of 1868-72. An immediate telegraphic reply was received from Professor 
Fuller cordially reciprocating the good wishes of his old students. An- 
other congratulatory telegram was despatched to Delhi to a distinguished 


and greatly liked member of the class, Mr, W. R. H. Merk, C.S.I., now 
Commissioner of the Punjab, 

Much satisfaction was expressed (not however mingled with surprise) 
at the prominent part played in the Quatercentenary celebrations by 
members of The Class, The chairman had been convener of the Hospitality 
Committee, Mr, Anderson of the Publications Committee, and Dr. 
Westland of the Strathcona Banquet Committee ; while Dr, Mollison 
was one of the Delegates from the University of Cambridge, Moreover 
The Class established a record in having three of its members, the chair- 
man. Professor Kennedy and Dr. Westland, presented to His Majesty on 

Arts Class, 1870^74. 

The Arts Class of 1870-74 held its tenth reunion in the Carlton 
Restaurant on Wednesday afternoon — Rev. James Smith, St. George's- 
in-the-West, occupying the chair. The croupiers were Rev. Professor Scott, 
Wilson College, Bombay ; Dr. Bruce, Edinburgh ; and Mr. John F. 
Cruickshank, Mile End Public School. Among those present _were Dr. 
James Allan, Leeds; Rev. J. H. Anderson, Rector of Tooting; Mr. 
Robert S. Anderson, London ; Mr, Peter Beveridge, Aberdeen ; Dr, J. 
Mackenzie Booth, Aberdeen ; Rev. David Carnegie, U.F.C., Culsalmond ; 
Dr. W. B. Fergusson, Painswick, Gloucester; Rev. Alexander Ferrier, 
Melrose ; Dr. Andrew Fowler, Ellon ; Rev. G. M. Mackie, D.D., Beyrout ; 
Mr. James A. Stewart, North of Scotland Bank, Aberdeen ; Rev. Andrew 
R. Taylor, Grahamston, Falkirk; Mr. G. G. Whyte, C.A., Aberdeen; 
Dr. Burnet, London ; and Dr. Henry Kenney. It was reported that out 
of a class of 137, 45 were dead. 

"The Class" was proposed by the chairman, and replied to by Dr. 
Bruce, Rev. J. H. Anderson, Mr. R. S. Anderson, and Mr. John F. 
Cruickshank. , , 


Arts Class, i874'78. 

The Arts Class of 1 874-78 was held on Monday evening in the Imperial 
Hotel, Professor John M'Naughton, Queen's College, Ontario, presiding, 
while Mr. W. Willox, London, was croupier. Among those present were 
Dr. Nicoll, Toowoomba, Queensland ; Dr. R. W. Jamie, Colville, Leicester ; 
Dr. W. Mackie, Elgin; Mr. John Murray, advocate, Aberdeen; Mr. A. 
Blacklaw, solicitor, Aberdeen ; Mr, H. B. Mitchell, solicitor, Peterhead ; 
Mr. G. Dalgarno, solicitor, Arbroath; Rev. Gordon J. Murray, Aberdeen ; 
Rev. J. M. Skinner, Old Deer ; Rev. W, Lawrence, Banchory-Devenick ; 
Mr. F. Grant Ogilvie, Board of Education, London ; and Mr. G. Murray, 
Schoolhouse, Dyce, secretary. Apologies were read from a number of 
absent friends, while copies of the Class Record, which had been prepared 
by the committee, consisting of the " three Murrays," were distributed 
among those present. On the motion of Mr. Ogilvie the hearty thanks of 
the meeting was awarded to the three gentlemen for the neat and complete 
volume which had been compiled. During the evening Dr. Mackie, 
Elgin, intimated that the memorial to Professor Nicol would be unveiled 
in a short time. 

Arts Class, 1876-80. 

A reunion of the Arts Class of 1876-80 was held on Monday evening 
in the Imperial Hotel — Dr. James Adam, Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 
presiding. The croupier was Mr. A. Carnegie Ross, H.M. Consul, Buenos 
Ayres, South America, while among those present were : Professor 
Gilroy, Aberdeen; Mr. A. M. Williams, rector. Church of Scotland Train- 
ing College, Glasgow; Mr. George Smith, rector, United Free Church 
Training College, Aberdeen ; Dr. W. Murray Leslie, London ; Rev. Dr. 
Alexander Hetherwick, Church of Scotland Mission, Blantyre ; Rev. J. N. 
Ogilvie, Edinburgh ; Rev. George Robb, West U.F. Church, Kirriemuir; 
Rev. A. M. Philip, Avoch; Rev. A. Easton Spence, Larbert; Rev. W. G. 
M'Lean, Cullen ; Dr. G. Burnett Currie, Ealing, London ; Dr. Robertson 


Reid, Southport; Mr. J. Geddes, Schoolhouse, Rothiemay; Mr. James 
Reid of Tyneholm, Pencaitland ; Mr. J. W. Davidson, Town-Clerk Depute ; 
Mr, Andrew Davidson, advocate, Aberdeen ; Mr. Charles Stewart, Mony- 
musk ; Mr, W. P. Gordon, Aberdeen ; Mr. Alexander Duffus, advocate, 
Aberdeen, secretary. An appropriate toast list was gone through. 

Arts Class, 1877^81. 

This class held a reunion in the Imperial Hotel on Wednesday evening, 
Mr. James Davidson, Glasgow Herald, presided, and Rev. George Calder, 
Strathfillan, was croupier. Those present were — Mr. A. Murray, Birnie ; 
Rev. John Scott, Auchterless ; Rev. J. R. Cruickshank, Stobo, Peebles ; 
Rev. T. Smith, Persey ; Rev. J. G. T. Weir, Bo'ness ; Mr. J. S. Watson, 
solicitor, Inverness ; Rev. James Stuart, Edinburgh ; Rev. J. Strachan, 
Cruden; Rev. J. R. Middleton, Ballater ; Mr. J. B. Philip, Aberdeen; Mr. 
James M. Beveridge, Aberdeen ; Rev, George Stewart, Kintyre ; Mr, A, R. 
Legg, Glasgow ; Mr. John Grant, Glenfiddich; Dr. W. Sinclair, Aberdeen ; 
Rev. A. Angus, Ruthwell ; and Mr, W. B. Morren, Aberdeen. The class 
started with eighty-three and received by accession in the three later years 
nineteen more. Of these, forty-nine graduated in Arts, and a very large 
number in medicine. The other professions are also well represented. 
Sixteen were known to have entered the Church, seven law, and fifteen 

Arts Class, 1878^82. 

The Arts Class 1878-82 held their eighth reunion on Friday morning 
in the Palace Hotel, when twenty-eight members of the " Noble 82 of '82 " 
sat down to breakfast. There were present — Mr. J. E. Crombie, Rector's 
assessor, who was called to the chair ; Dr. P. Giles, Cambridge ; Rev. R. A. 
Lendrum, Kirkliston ; Mr. D. B. D. Stewart, Aberdeen ; Dr. Charles Lyall, 
Leeds; Rev. R. S. Kemp, Deer; Rev. A. Wiseman, Monifieth; Mr. J. 
Meldrum, Scone ; Very Rev. C. Pressley Smith, Dean of Argyll and the 
Isles ; Mr. W. M. M'Lachlan, W,S., Edinburgh ; Dr. J. Galloway, London ; 


Mr. Ronald Shaw, Calcutta; Rev. A. Wilson, Ythanwells ; Rev. W. C. 
Dickson, Muckart ; Mr. Angus Gunn, Brora ; Rev. W. Grant, Drumblade ; 
Dr. G. Williamson, Aberdeen ; Rev. J. Harper, Leven ; Rev. J. Coutts, 
Ardallie ; Mr. Charles Watt, Knockando ; Rev. T. D. Watt, Aberdeen ; 
Rev. Angus M'Donald, Montrose ; Rev. G. Birnie, Speymouth ; Mr. J. S. 
Shewan, Aberdeen ; Rev. G. Lawson, Selkirk ; Mr. R. A. Scott, Brechin ; 
and Rev. W. Chree, Madras. The class roll was called, and pleasant re- 
miniscences helped to make a most happy meeting. Arrangements were 
made to have the Class Record completed. The party present were photo- 
graphed before parting. 

Arts Class, 1879^83. 

The members of the Arts Class 1879-83, present in Aberdeen in con- 
nection with the University Quatercentenary Celebrations, met on Friday 
in the house of Dr. Dalgamo, Bon-Accord Square. There were present 
the following : Dr. Dalgarno, Dr. W. Leslie MacKenzie, Edinburgh ; 
Dr. Alexander, Bournemouth; Dr. Don, Dundee; Mr. J. MacPherson 
Wattie, Dundee ; Rev. E. Marr, Kirkcaldy ; Rev. W. McHardy, Boddam ; 
Dr. John Russell, Burslem, Staffs ; Mr. E. Hay, Gordon's College ; Mr. 
Charles McLeod, Grammar School; Mr. J. Will, New Pitsligo; Mr. W. 
Stewart Thomson, Aberdeen ; and Mr. Alexander Clark, Solicitor, Aber- 
deen. The Meeting discussed the advisability of arranging for the periodical 
reunion of the class, when it was decided that it would be inconvenient 
to have a reunion this year, but that the next meeting should take place 
about Christmas, 1907. A local committee for carrying out the necessary 
arrangements was appointed as follows : Mr. Stewart Thomson (Convener), 
Mr. Stewart, Gordon's College, Mr. McLeod, Grammar School, Mr. Hay, 
Gordon's College, Dr. Dalgarno, and Mr. Clark (Secretary). It was sug- 
gested that the Committee might consider the desirability of preparing a 
Roll of the Class, which might be printed and circulated among the 


Arts Class, 1880^84. 

The Arts Class of 1880-84 met in the Palace Hotel on Monday even- 
ing — Rev. John Mair, M.A., Schoolhoiise, Keith, presiding. There was 
an interesting toast list. 

Arts Class, 1881^85. 

This class held its seventh triennial reunion in the Queen's Rooms 
on Monday evening under the presidency of Mr. John Minto, M.A., 
librarian of the Signet Library, Edinburgh. The other members present 
were: Mr. James Allan, classical master, George Watson's College, 
Edinburgh; Rev. J. T. Cox, Dyce; Mr. George Carmichael, Indian Civil 
Service ; Mr. James Elphinstone, King-Edward Public School ; Dr. Leslie 
James Milne, Yorkshire ; Dr. W. Morrison Milne, Edinburgh ; Mr. 
George Middleton, classical master, Grammar School, Aberdeen; Mr. 
A. J. Raebum, solicitor, Ellon; and Mr. W. G. Tulloch, solicitor, Aber- 
deen. Fraternal greetings were exchanged with the Students' Represen- 
tative Council, also celebrating their majority in the Queen's Rooms. 
With song and story a pleasant evening was spent. 

Arts Class, 1882^86. 

The members of the Arts Class, 1882-86, held a reunion on Monday 
evening in the Palace Hotel. Mr. J. Ogilvie Kemp, advocate, Edinburgh, 
presided, while the croupier was Mr. J. Williams, Torphins. The company 
numbered twenty-five, and this was the first reunion since 1892. Mr. 
W. Keith Leask was the guest. During the evening a number of 
apologies were intimated from absent friends. 

Arts Class, i886'90. 

The eighth annual reunion of the students of the Arts Class, 1886-90, 
at Aberdeen University, was held in the Douglas Hotel on Monday 
evening. Rev. Principal Mitchell, Edinburgh, presided, and Rev. J. B. 


Jobberns, The Rectory, Carnoustie, acted as croupier. Tlie class-fellows 
present were: Dr. J. Dawson, Newton Stewart; Messrs. William Philip, 
Aberlour; J. B. Anderson, Logie-Coldstone ; A. Davidson, Northern As- 
surance Company, Aberdeen ; W. Smith, Solicitor, Aberdeen ; Rev. A. 
Copland, Ardrossan ; Dr. P. Harper, London ; Mr. W. Adams, Finzean ; 
Rev. William Meston, Madras ; Rev. A. T. Cameron, Edinburgh ; Rev. 
J. C. Smith, Huntly ; Dr. A. Low, Aberdeen ; Mr. A. M. Younie, Longside ; 
Mr. A. A. Prosser, Aberdeen ; and Rev. J. D. McLean, Maryton, Montrose. 

After dinner the loyal and patriotic toasts were given from the chair, 
Mr. A. M. Younie replying to that of the " Imperial Forces ". 

In proposing the toast of " The University," Rev. W. Meston referred 
to the splendid grounding they had got fitting them for their duties in after 
life. Dr. Low made a suitable reply. 

Rev. J. B. Jobberns proposed " The Class," and said he was able to 
trace all the members, many of whom occupied important positions in 
different parts of the world. The chairman appropriately replied. 

"Absent Class-Fellows " was proposed by Dr. Harper, "The 
Croupier" by Mr. William Smith, and "The Chairman" by Mr. A. A. 

Songs were rendered during the evening by Rev. J. C. Smith, Rev. 
A. T. Cameron, Rev. A. Copland, Dr. Harper, and Mr. J. B. Anderson. 

It was agreed to hold the next reunion about the beginning of next 

Medical Class, 1891^95. 

The medical class of 1891-95 held a reunion on Monday evening in 
the Grand Hotel — Mr. H. W. M. Gray presiding — the croupier being Mr. 
G. M. Duncan, while the guest of the evening was Professor Stephenson. 
An appropriate toast-list was honoured, and a very pleasant evening was 


Medical Class, iSqS'IQcx). 

The second triennial reunion was held on Monday evening in the 
County Hotel — fourteen members out of a class of seventy-four being 
present. Dr. H. Bell Tawse, F.R.C.S., London, presided. There was 
an interesting toast-list, those who took part being Captain Davidson, 
Dr. Peterkin, R.A.M.C, Dr. Farquharson, F.R.C.S., Dr. CroU, Dr. Squair, 
Dr. Wood, Rotherham, and Dr. Slessor, Fraserburgh. There was an 
attractive musical programme. 




Ovd' f'l fioi 8fKa fifv y\oi>a(T(u, 8(Ka 8e arofwr (Uv. 

A leash of languages at once I 


[As the Addresses here printed are in fourteen languages, with several of which the Editor 
is unfamiliar, he begs that any shortcomings in press correction be viewed with a lenient eye. 
Some of the Addresses, in tongues with which the Editor is familiar, contain occasional eccen- 
tricities of diction or of spelling which, were the senders not Universities or Learned Societies, 
he might be tempted to deem errors, and perhaps would venture to amend. As it is, these 
have been faithfully reproduced, and the fastidious reader is requested not to credit them neces- 
sarily to the type-setter's carelessness or the Editor's neglect.] 


[University of Oxford.'\ 

Cancellariu0 /iDagistn et Scbolares xanir. ©jon. 
"dnlpecsitatl Bber&onien9i 

S» Ip. 2). 

XONIENSES Aberdoniensibus gratulamur quia quad- 
ringentorum annorum seriem summa cum laude atque 
utilitate felicissime continuavistis : quam rem eo 
[libentius facimus quod cum omnes doctrinae sedes 
inecessitudine inter se contineantur, nos praecipua 
redintegratae saepius amicitiae vincula cum vobis conjungunt : namque 
et multos e corpore nostro praeceptores Universitas vestra accepit, et 
nobis quid 'in rerum et litterarum cognitione possit illud praefervidum 
Scotorum ingenium plurimis exempHs jampridem experiri contingit. 
Vos humanitatis illius, cujus ab incunabuHs terrarum potius spatio 
quam animis estis remoti, singulari ardore cultores exsistitis: quique 
ex ilia aetate deducitis originem in qua Musarum renatus amor atque 
instaurata litterarum studia e tenebris tandem effulgere incipiebant, ita 
vivido temporis ejus ingenio animati puram veritatis reperiendae cupidinem 
conservavistis ut per omnes orbis terrarum partis Aberdoniensis ilia dis- 
ciplina jamdudum inclarescat. Quid memorem tot doctos viros qui almam 
matrem insigni eruditione laudibus cumulaverunt ? Quid, qui pietate et 
donis plures erudiendi facultatem, quod in se esset, auxerunt? Quem 
igitur ad finem per tot saecula contendistis, eo semper ut pergatis pre- 
camur : quique urbem et sedes nativi saxi velut immortali robore stabilitas 
obtinetis, famae quoque eandem diuturnitatem assiduis meritis conse- 

Datum in domo nostra Convocationis die xiv.o mensis Iunii A.S. MCMVI. 


[University of Cambridge.'] 


S. P. D. 


Quod annos quadringentos ab origine vestra feliciter exactos auc- 
tumno proximo estis celebraturi, de re tarn laeta vobis omnibus, viri nobis 
coniunctissimi, ex animo gratulamur. Habetis patriam doctrinae amore 
insignem ; habetis etiam Universitatem antiquam, in eodem amore patria 
ipsa dignissimam. luvat annales vestros veteres evolvere ; iuvat mentis 
saltem oculis urbis vestrae antiquae inter amnes duos collocatae sedem 
pristinam arboribus consitam contemplari, ubi CoUegii Regalis turris 
pulcherrima, corona regia cincta, trans oceani fluctus solem orientem 
prospicit Iuvat Collegii illius in ipso sacello etiam sepulcra adire, non 
modo conditoris vestri, viri optimi, sed etiam praesidis vestri primi, 
Hectoris Boethri, Erasmi condiscipuli, Liviumipsum in scriptis suis aemu- 
lati. Iuvat in urbe nova Collegium vestrum alterum prope centum annis 
postea conditum, et aedificiorum novorum splendore nuper exornatum, 
invisere. Iuvat denique Collegii utriusque et alumnos et professores 
insignes recordari, sive in historia conscribenda, sive in scientia gram- 
matica explicanda, sive in versibus pangendis, sive in litteris Graecis 
illustrandis, sive astronomorum in usum instrumentis novis inveni- 
endis, sive studiis mathematicis excolendis floruerunt. Et vestros et 
nostros inter professores Maxwellii nomen praeclarum numeratur ; vosmet 
ipsi nobis baud ita pridem virum eruditissimum, linguae Arabicae profes- 
sorem et Academiae bibliothecarium, dedistis ; dedistis etiam linguae et 
Graecae et Sanscriticae cultorem eximium, quern morte immatura abrep- 
tum amisimus. Inter vivos quoque nonnulli e praeceptoribus nostris 
vinculo artissimo vobiscum sunt coniuncti. Eo libentius has litteras 
benevolentiam nostram testantes legatis nostris, viris maxime idoneis, 
tradimus, qui nostrum omnium nomine feriis vestris saecularibus inter- 
futuri, vobis omnibus omnia prospera etiam in posterum exoptabunt. 

Datum Cantabrigiae 
mensis junii die vii. o 


\University of St Andrews^ 

XHntversitas Sanctant>reana 

xaniv. abert)onten9t 

©♦ p. 2)» 

Accepimus litteras vestras, quibus nos invitatis ut gaudiis vestris 
caerimoniisque intersimus ; quod quidem pollicemur eo maiore cum 
laetitia, quia nos ipsi mox diem natalem viri illustrissimi, Scotorum 
decoris, Georgii Buchanani, celebraturi sumus, cui celebrationi vestro- 
quoque legatos interfuturos scimus. Tanta enim est et semper fuit inter 
Academias Sanctandreanam et Aberdoniensem caritas, ut utraque ident- 
idem libentissime occasionem internuntiorum arripiat, qui hue illuc Catul- 
lianum illud nuntient et declarent, "mutuis animis amant, amantur ". 

Floreat igitur, precamur, Academia vestra. Nova, quae inauguratis, 
aedificia fiant, precamur, quasi apiarium, unde quotannis litteratorum ex- 
amina emissa mel suavissimum doctrinae per singulas partes patriae 
nostrae dilectissimae devehant. 

Dabamus Andreapoli, Kal. Iun. MCMVI. 

Iacobus Donaldson, 

Univ. Sanctandr. Vice-Cancellarius et Praefectus. 

[University of Glasgow.'] 


S. D. p. 






davidem caldwell mcvail : davidem murray: georgium gilbertum ramsay: 
thomam mccall anderson, eqvitem : loannem ferguson : loannem gray 
mckendrick: iacobum Robertson: ioannem cleland: archibaldum barr: 
lacobum cooper : samson gemmell : robertum latta : gulielmum murray 


R. Herbert Story, 

Praefectvs et Vice-Cancellarivs. 



[ University of Edinburgh^ 

Senatui XHntversitatts Bber^onensts 

Senatus "dniversitatls BMnbucQensts 

S. p. H). 

lUONIAM Academia vestra, Viri doctissimi et amicis- 
simi quadringentesimum annum aetatis implevit — 
neque implevit tantum, sed etiam excessit, nam quas 
nunc ferias celebraturi estis, plus quam decennio ante 
constat potuisse celebrari, si tempus opportunum fuisset 
— consentaneum simul est et nobis pergratum ut sorer 
sororem nostra saluere iubeat Academia, seniori iunior 
quam felicissima omnia et florentissima se optare testetur votaque et preces 
faustas, quales viginti fere abhinc annis nostra vos causa susceptas ad nos 
detulistis, nunc et ipsa vestri commodi causa suscipiat suaeque invicem 
erga vos documentum praebeat voluntatis. Non autem id vobis optamus 
ut luxuria diffluatis otiove languescatis, sed potius idem, quod nobis ipsis 
optaremus, quoniam litus incolimus utrique saepe Euri flatibus, saepe 
Aquilonis obnoxium, ut asperitati caeli par animorum vigor ac durities 
semper, semper par corporum robur respondeat, id est, ut cursum eum quem 
ad hunc diem tenuit vestra ista Academia tenere possit fortiaque et valida 
ingenia ad ornandam adiuvandamque patriam alat educetque et corro- 
boret. Nam ex quo Scoti Episcopi monitu Pontifex Romanus inter 
ostia ista duorum fluminum condendam esse Academiam edixit. quantum 
ad emolliendos incolarum mores, quantum saeclis recentioribus ad ex- 
colendas perpoliendasque mentes contulit ista docentium ac discentium 
societas ! hanc operam ut in posterum quoque navare possit utque 
crescente doctrina, proferente fines suos humana scientia, renovatam se 
semper et ad novos novi saeculi usus instructam praebeat opibusque et 
multiplici apparatu et numero docentium floreat, id et optamus omnes 
et, quale civium vestrorum ingenium est, quale Aberdonensium erga 
Aberdoniam studium, eventurum esse confidimus. Valete et nos feriarum 
vestrarum baud inmemores esse scitote. 

Dabamus Edinburgi 
Mense Septembri, 
Anno Post Christum Natum MCMVI. 

WiLHELMUs Turner, 

Praeses et Vice-Cancellarius. 

L. J. Grant, 



[University of Dublin.'] 

Vniversitas Dvblinensis 

Vniversitati Aberdonensi 

S. p. D. 

Cum tandem ad finem feliciter perductum est opus et ante laboris 
instaurati initium datur requies, fas est et Deo gratias reddere et gratula- 
tione amicorum frui. Itaque gaudemus, viri illustrissimi, vos ferias vestras 
saeculares iam celebrare et amicos vestros in Republica Litterarum Dublin- 
enses benigne velle gaudii ilHus sancti participes esse, ut, cum amicitia 
rerum omnium sit consensio, una cum vobis laetitiam et precationem toto 
corde commisceamus. 

lure de quadringentis annis prospere peractis pie gloriari licet, per quos 
litteras et scientias et philosophiam, in qua Caledonia per orbem terrarum 
meritissimo laudatur, promovendas ita strenue curavistis et patriae vestrae 
dilectissimae famam ita longe lateque extendistis ut tamen vel maiora mox 
petenda et altiora doctrinae cacumina firmo pede ascendenda et vobis et 
nobis exoptare liceat. Gratias quoque agimus quod ut legatos mittamus 
nos invitastis qui hospitio vestro et Civitatis Aberdonensis fruantur et 
vobis duos adlegamus e societate nostra viros doctos, Antonium Traill, 
Collegii SS. Trinitatis Praepositum, et lOHANNEM Pentland Mahaffy, 
Praelectorem Primarium, Ordinis Victoriani Commendatorem, qui feriis 
vestris intersint, et inter praeteritae felicitatis gratulationes Deum Opti- 
mum Maximum ut in futuro semper vobis omnia bona largiatur impense 




[ University of Durham?^ 

Tttniversitas Bunelmensis 

Bber^onensl ^niversitati 

S. ip. S). 

iRATULARI quidem vobis vix satis digne per litteras 
publice scriptas posse videmur quod per IV, secula 
praetenta ingenuarum artium lampade tutam facil- 
jemque alumnis eruditionis viam illustravistis. Quod 
[si ad banc gratulationem parum proficiunt chartae, 
quam sincere animo nos quoque in partem laetitiae vestrae vocari juvet 
coram ex ore legati quern ad vos mittimus amplissime praedicatum iri 
speramus, Fortunatum sane ducimus Henricum GeE, Sanctae Theo- 
logiae Professorem, Collegii in Arce Dunelmensi siti Praesidem, qui vestro 
hospitio commendetur, lUi enim veterem cum recenti Academia vinculo 
artiore fraternae concordiae omine felicissimo consociare licebit. 

Optamus denique ut laeti faustique illucescant vobis feriarum dies : 
ut juventus in novas scholas frequentior coeat, ex iisdem exeat eruditior : 
ut Universitatis vestrae fama in annos crescat : ut artium et qualiscunque 
disciplinae cultus floreat : ut labores vestri per plurima in futurum secula 
fortunentur. Valete. 

Dabamus Dunelmi a.d. XIV. Kal. Aprilis MCMVI. 


[University of London.'] 



S. D. P. 

lUAMQUAM distantia locorum separati tamen singu- 
lariter gavisi sumus, litteris vestris acceptis, quod nobis 
opportunitatem felicem praebuistis una vobiscum 
natalicia vestra celebrandi. Absentes quidem admir- 
/amur domos vestras, laudanmus fundatores ; Jacobum 
iRegem humanissimum Scotorum ; Alexandrum Juli- 
. umque Papas, liberalium artium fautores adsiduos ; 
Georgium Keith, virum ita prosapia nomine honoribus praeclarum ut quod 
Mariscallus audit non minus ingenuorum studiorum quam bellicae virtutis 
certissimum signum esse videatur, Et honesta quadam invidia recordamur 
quanto saeculorum intervallo plaga borealis civitati nostrae antecellat, quae 
vixdum Academiam possidet Londinensem ; et juvat in mentem revo- 
care poetam ex cohorte Scotorum maxime insignem, Gulielmum Dunbar, 
duas praesertim urbes, vestram nostramque, cantilenis musicis ornavisse, 
quod augurium fortunatum licet interpretari consuetudinis et amicitiae. 
Nos autem qui originem patresque nostros apud Universitates Scoticas 
habemus, nunc summa pietate vobis diem faustum gratulamur, heroas 
vestros commemoramus ; imaginem paternam Boecii res gestas medi- 
tantis, Arturi Jonstoni musam aulicam, Jacobum Beattie poetam et 
philosophum, veritatis amatorem, optimo cuique viro amabilem ; neque 
Geddes sileatur neque strenuus ille motuum corporeorum indagator, 
spiritualium mensor, Alexander Bain, Grotio Milliisque nostris conjunctis- 
simus. Legatus est Augustus Desire Waller, vir scientia naturae 
praestantissimus, qui coram vobis omnia bona precetur, Universitatem 
Aberdonensem in aeternum florere jubeat. 

Dabamus Londini die mensis Julii a. S. MDCCCCVLTO. 

Archibaldus Comes de Rosebery, 


Edwardus Henricus Busk, 

et Praeses Graduatorum Convocatorum. 




[ Victoria University of Manchester. "] 

Vniversitas Victoriana Mancvniensivm 

Vniucrsitati Aberdonensi. 

S. P. D. 

[OS, cum cognouissemus Academiam uestram, Viri doc- 
(tissimi, quadringentorum annorum cursu inlustrissimo 
jfeliciter peracto FERIAS SAECULARES esse acturam, 
.gaudio uero adfecti sumus, quippe qui sciremus tot 
[earn per saecula doctrinae studio impulsam cum 
scientiae turn uitae morumque lampada semper ardentem tradidisse, 
neque imminutum hoc aeuo splendorem profundere. Liceat igitur nobis 
hanc gratulationem uobis deferre, quod perpetua florentes iuuentute 
iuuenum tarn diu formastis ingenia, animos incendistis, quod uestrum 
illud, INITIUM SAPIENTIAE TIMOR DOMINI, quasi signum uobis propon- 
entes, fidei pietatis, studiorum denique humaniorum propugnatores, 
exstitistis : nee non et gaudemus compertum habere enitentibus uobis 
tanta munificentia suffragatos esse alumnos ciuesque, ut aedificia eximia 
huius saeculi necessitatibus accommodata exstruere potueritis ; eisque 
monumentis ut culmen addat, REGEM nostrum Edvardvm vii. , qua 
est humanitate, ipsum adfuturum. Quapropter ad Academiam Mancuni- 
ensem decus egregium delatum arbitramur, quia inuitatione nos tam 
benigna iussistis legatum ad uos mittere qui feriis uestris caerimoniisque 
intersit atque cum gratias uobis agimus amplissimas tum optamus 
Deumque precamur ut laude et uiribus semper integris uigeat floreatque 
Vniversitas Aberdonensis. 

Alfred Hopkinson, 

Dabamus Mancunii Vice-Cancellarius. 




[Royal University of Ireland.'] 

Universitas Regia Hibernorum 

Universitatis Aberdonensis 

Cancellario, Curiae, Senatui, Toti Academiae, S. P. D. 

[UM nos tam liberaliter invitaveritis ad gaudium vobis- 
cum communicandum nunc natalem quadringentesi- 

'mum Universitatis praeclarissimae et honoratissimae 

celebrantibus, maximas vobis gratias et agimus et 


Itaque viros illustrissimos, Admodum Reverendum Mgr. MOLLOY, 
D.D., D.Sc, Vice Cancellarium Universitatis Regiae et Equitem Heredi- 
tarium Clarissimum Christophorum Nixon, M.D., LL.D,, Senatorem, 
legavimus qui gratulationem vobis nostram faciant atque pro nobis affir- 
mant quanto in honore studium litterarum habeamus virtutesque praestan- 
tissimas quae Universitatem Aberdonensem semper ornaverunt. Necnon 
Deum Omnipotentem precamur ut gloriam vestram etiam in maius prove- 
hat atque benevolentia divina semper vobis adsit et Universitatem alum- 
nosque eius in omni labore inceptoque incolumes conservet et ad Exitum 
felicissimum perducat. 


Scribendo adfuerunt 


James Creed Meredith Knt.,) 

^ \ Ah Actis. 

JosEPHUs M'Grath, J 

Dabamus Dublinii 

A.D. Sex. Kal. Sept. 



[University of Wa/es.] 

' ANGHELLAWR . Uys , sened . ac yscolheigyon gradedic 
Prif yscol Kymry . yn anuon annerch ar Ganghellawr . 
I reithor . prif athro . Uys . sened . ac yscolheigyon grad- 
edic Prif yscol Aberdeen . ac yn damunavv kytlawen- 
ychu ac wynt ar uot eu prif yscol weithon yn betwar 
kann mlwyd. Ac ar gaffael ohonunt . y arwydaw hynny . adeiladeu 
newyd tec . nyt anteilwng y goffau kelfydyt yr oes yd agoret hi 
gyntaf. Wrth ganuot gymeint och yscolheigyon chwi yssyd glotuawr 
yn hanes awch gwlat . ryued yw genhym a wnaeth prif yscolyon 
yscotlont dros wyr y wlat honno. Ac nyt lleiaf onadunt yr yscol honno 
auu annat un yn dyscu pobyl gyfoethockach odeall noc o da bydawl. 
A chyt del ywch annerchyon y gann yscolyon hyn ac enwockach noc 
yscol gymry . yr hynny ni a vynnem dybyeit nat anadas yn neges ninneu. 
Kyffelyb yw yscolheigyon kymry ych yscolheigyon chwithev . tlodyon ynt 
hayach . a gwybodeu a garant . kyffelyb ych trefyn chwithev y gossodet 
llavver o betheu yn yn prif yscol ninneu ae hyscolyon, A chyffelyb 
wassanaeth adamunant y wneuthur y gymry ac awnaethawch withev ac 
a wnewch etwa y awch gwlat. Ac heuyt . llewenyd yw genhym dyvot 
yagoryt awch adeiladeu newyd wr kyssal kyuurd ac Edwart Vrenhin . y 
gwr auu gynt yn ganghellawr yn prif yscol ni . ac yssyd weithon yn 
amdiffynnwr idi. 


[University of Birmingham^ 


vice cancellarius 

concilium senatus facultates 

Universitatis Birminghamiensis 

Universitati Aberdonensi 

S. p. D. 

'ENERABILI Academiae Aberdonensi, cuius in Uni- 

versitatem duo Collegia antiqua, Regium Mariscal- 

'lanumque, feliciter coaluerunt, quadringentesimum 

inatalem concelebraturae gratulatur Academia si non 

omnium Universitatum Britannicarum minima natu 

lattamen nondum secundum lustrum emensa. Vobis, 

Collegae Aberdonsense, gratias agimus quod caeri- 

moniis gaudiisque vestris nos interesse voluistis. 

Quare Praefectum nostrum Oliverum Lodge delegavimus, qui 
medio mense Septembri huius anni hospitio vestro accipiatur et nomine 
nostro testimonium benevolentiae disertius deferat. Sed die illo auspi- 
catissimo quem Rex Noster Eduardus Vli. celebrationi vestrae elegerit 
nos quoque apud vos animo deversabimur omnes : et vos nostri memores 

Nam magna est nobis cum Universitate vestra necessitudo et affinitas. 
Quid opus est tot viros illustres vestrates, lumina scientiae artiumque, 
enumerare, qui iam inde a tempotibus Hectoris Boyis, primi Praefecti 
Universitatis Aberdonensis, universos doctores discipulosque litterarum et 
scientiarum ubicumque terrarum studia liberalia foventur, summis sibi 
devinxerunt beneficiis. Inter quos praecipua laude floret Thomas Reid 
et alumnus et Professor vester philosophiae illustrissimus. Illud potius 
hodie in memoriam redigendum esse videtur animoque grato litteris 
mandandum, exemplar quoddam reipublicae litterariae cum nobis tum 
omnibus Universitatibus Anglicis nuper fundatis exhibuisse Universitates 
Scoticas. Vestram formam Civitatis Academicae adhibuimus, cum linea- 
menta Academiae nostrae novae exprimeremus ; ad vestram normam 
omnia nostra revocavimus. Sic evenit ut in magnis urbibus Anglicis, 
fabricis et mercatura florentibus, antiqua ilia species Universitatis Europaeae 
quam vos conservaveratis hodie quoque vivat vigeatque, Sed " antiquam 
exquirere matrem " si iussi simus, ad Scotiam oculos convertere libeat. 


Cuius benefici baud immemores animo pio vos hodie salutamus et pro 
perpetua salute vestra vota nuncupamus. 

Datum Birminghamiae et Communi 
SiGiLLO Universitatis obsignatum 




Charles G. Beale, J. H. Poynting, 

Vice Canccllarius, Decanus Facultatis Scientiae. 

Oliver Lodge, H. G. Fiedler, 

Praefectus. Decanus Facultatis Artittm. 

R. S. Heath, Gilbert Barling, 

Vice Praefectus. Decanus Facultatis Medicinae. 

W. J. Ashley, 

Decanus Facultatis Conimerci. 

Geo. H. Morley, 


[^University of Liverpool!] 

S. P. D. 

Dignissime Domine, Domine Cancellarie, et tota Academia — 

Quod pro comitate vestra cum vobis originem Academiae celebrantibus 
nos quoque adesse voluistis, et laetitiae vestrae participes fieri, id sane nobis 
quam maxime iucundum fuit. Opus enim vobis annos iam quadringentos 
feliciter continuatum nos adhuc modo aggredimur; et tarn annis quam 
dignitate minores facta maiorum libenter aspicimus, et vestigia alacres 
insequimur. Cum autem nuper ratio et institutio Academiae nostrae in- 
formanda erat, ad Academias huius regni in primis nos applicuimus ; et 
ubi aliae fautores, vos duces exstitistis, ita ut non amicitiam modo sed 
exemplum etiam praeberetis. Nunc vero si quod vos perfecisse constat 
idem nobis quoque perficere licebit, fortunati et felices erimus. Nemo 
enim inter nostros nescit quot homines et quantos, tam litteris quam 
scientia instructos, et in ecclesia, in foro, in omnibus denique hominum 
negotiis insignes, per quattuor iam saecula reipublicae dederitis. Venera- 
mur, admiramur, gratulamur, non absentes, immo autem praesentes. Et 
in votis nostrorum semper erit ut floreat Universitas Aberdonensis. 

A. W. W. Dale, 

Univ. Lyrp. Vice-Cancellarius. 
Dabamus a.d. VI. Kal. Oct. MCMVI. 


[University of Leeds.'] 

Universitati Aberdonensi 
Plurimam Dicit 
Univcrsitas Loidensis. 

Gratulamur uobis impense, uiri doctissimi, quod alma mater uestra, 
annis quadringentis tanta cum gloria peractis, quintum iam uitae saeculum 
inter plausus omnium ingreditur. Memoria iuuat repetere quot adules- 
centes eximii, acri ingenio praediti atque amore discendi imbuti, per longam 
illam annorum seriem e portis utriusque Collegii Aberdonensis humano 
generi profuturi exierint : immo quot quantasque regiones scientiae 
nonnulli ex eis lumine quodam divinitus insito adiuti feliciter explorauerint. 
Quorum numerus fore ut indies maior sit summa fiducia speramus : quippe 
qui et in philosophia naturali et in litteris humanioribus alumnos uestros, 
ut olim, ita hodie, eminere uideamus. Ut cnim de ceteris taceamus, testes 
sunt magna ilia Gulielmi Mitchell Ramsay uestri de geographia historiaque 
Asiae opera, necnon prolusiones periucundae quae " Flosculi Graeci 
Boreales" et " Musa Latina Aberdonensis" inscribuntur. Hunc in 
modum semper floreat amoenus Musarum hortus in Academia uestra, ubi 
tam diu 

bina lucernarum florentia lumina flammis 

per tenebras inscientiae luxerunt. 

Voluntati obsecuti uestrae nos in partem laetitiae benigne uocantium, 
adlegavimus Nathan Bodington, Vice-Cancellarium nostrum, uirum 
'* sermones utriusque linguae doctum," qui gratulationes nostras ad uos 
deferat et pro diuturna salute uestra uota faustissima nuncupet. 

Arthur G. Lupton, 


Datum apud Loidenses in comitatu Eboracensi : 
Kalendis Septembribus Anno Salutis MCMVI. 


[ University of Sheffield.'] 

Vniversitati Aberdonicnsi 

S. P. D. 
Vniversitas Sheffieldiensis. 

[RATULATIONEM nostram ut non sine quodam 
pudore ad uos mittamus ipsa gratulationis efficit causa. 
Nuper enim demum in antiquum et inlustrem ordinem 
Vniuersitatium adsciti, nimis sentimus quam longe 
fabsit a dignitate uestra haec nostra nouitas. Sed 
neque ingratissima ad honoratos uiros indicia perueniunt auctoritatis 
quam apud iuniores habent, et apud antiques amorem et studium 
quaestoris sui magni aestimabat summus consul. Aliquid uero ad 
hilaritatem uestram pertinere uoluntatem nostram testa tur ipsa qua nos 
inuitastis humanitas. Et sine dubio, si Corinthii ciuitatem Alexandre 
donatam hac commendauerunt ratione quod nuUi nisi Herculi antea dedis- 
sent, nobis plus licet dicere : primis enim uobis Vniuersitatis nomine 
gratulamur. Omen hoc habemus maximum ab illis incepisse quibus inter 
strepitum et negotia urbis frequentissimae adeo feliciter studia liberaliora 
cesserunt ut fas sit fortasse sperare hie quoque, ubi 

clausis telluris ab antris 
peruigil auditur Chalybum labor, 

Musas non tarn umbratiles quam antiqui putabant, libenter esse com- 

Interim uero ampHssimas agimus gratias quod nos quoque huius 
laetitiae uestrae fecistis participes, et legamus unum e professoribus nostris, 
uirum doctissimum GULIELMUM MiTCHINSON HiCKS, quem ferias uo- 
biscum celebrantem et omnia fausta uobis comprecantem nostras adferre 
uoces, nostra suscipere uota uelimus intellegatis. 

Dabamus Sheffieldii, mense Septembri, MCMVI. 


[Dalhousie University : Halifax.'] 

Universitas Dalhousiana 

Universitati Aberdoncnsi 

S, P. D. 

Jucundum quidem nobis fuit cum nuper certiores facti essemus vos 
in animo habere, quadringentis annis vestrae Universitati iam feliciter 
peractis, Farias Saeculares cum legatis ab aliis undique Universitatibus 
missis concelebrare ; nos enim a vobis longo maris spatio separati vinculo 
tamen cum studiorum communium tum etiam cognationis et pietatis arte 
coniuncti sumus. Libenter recordamur et confitemur nos maximam 
gratiam Universitati debere vestrae quae nobis praeceptorem dederit prae- 
stantissimum qui Novae Scotiae iuventutem diu felicissimeque instituerit, 
Carolum Macdonald per octo et triginta annos in hac Universitate Scientiae 
Mathematicae Professorem, in hac nova terra artium liberalium et prae- 
sidium et decus. 

Pergratum igitur nobis fuit quod banc tarn laetam occasionem cele- 
braturi nostram quoque Universitatem in partem vestri gaudii vocare 
voluistis, atque vestrae voluntati obsecuti, Iacobum Gordon Mac- 
GREGOR, LL.D., F.R.S., in hac Unversitate quondam discipulum dein 
collegam illius Professoris Macdonald, abhinc autem quinque annos ad 
Universitatem Edinburgensem Philosophiae Naturalis Professorem vocatum, 
legatum delegimus, qui nos apud vos repraesentet ac vestrae laetitiae 
particeps sit ; atque ex animo precamur ut volventibus saeculis Universitas 
Aberdonensis artium liberalium arx viribus claritudineque semper crescat. 

Johannes Forrest, D.D., D.C.L., LLD., 

Halifaxiae, N.S., 
Kal. Sept. MCMVI. 


[MacGill University : Montreal.^ 

Universitas CoIIcgii Macgilliani 
Universitati Aberdoncnsi 

Summas vobis, viri doctissimi, gratias agimus quod, cum post annos 
ampHus quadringentos feliciter peractos in animo haberetis ferias saeculares 
celebrare, libuit nos quoque in societatem laetitiae vestrae adsciscere. Ex 
longinquo scribentes sentimus nos vobiscum artissime cohaerere. Namque 
praeter communia ilia studiorum voluntatumque vincula quibus coniungi 
debent omnia doctrinae domicilia, ubicumque terrarum posita, non sumus 
originis nostrae immemores, neque obliviscimur quantum iis acceptum 
referre debeamus qui, e "misera ilia et antiqua Scotia " maximam in partem 
oriundi, initia nostra promoverint ; inter quos iuvat hoc tempore ipsum 
Cancellarium vestrae Academiae commemorare, — qui et apud nos eodem 
munere fungitur — virum honoratissimum Baronem de Strathcona et de 
Monte Regali. Libentissimis igitur animis occasionem tam laetam ar- 
ripimus fraternam erga vos amicitiam testificandi. Licet aetas fuerit qua 
potuit quis '* rudes, et litterarum ignaros, et fere indomitos " vos praedicare 
attamen scimus per pluria vos iam saecula facem illam Scotiae praetendisse 
qua studia liberalia tantum splendorem, tantum profectum apud nostrates 
acceperint, et in humanitate ilia potissimum excolenda quae e litteris 
graecis latinisque percipi potest semper studuisse ut lux Aurorae vestrae 
Borealis ceteris quoque gentibus afifulgeret, Unde factum est ut hodie in 
disciplinis litterisque humanioribus magis venerabile nomen exstet nullum 
quam Universitatis Aberdonensis. 

Idcirco reputantibus quemnam de nostris ad vos adlegare possemus 
qui praesens admirationem gratulationemque nostram testificaretur, nemo 
magis idoneus occurrebat quam quem iam antea honoris causa nomi- 


navimus, communis noster Cancellarius, DOMINUS DE Strathcona, cum 
idem praesertim nomine totius quod appellant Dominii Canadensis suo 
iure posset comparere. Sed tali viro inter sollemnia vestra primae partes 
agendae erunt ; quare placuit ut cum eo consociaremus Vice-Cancellarium 
huius Universitatis GuLlELMUM Peterson, Scotum, quo scitote in tanto 
hominum conventu benevolentiorem adfuturum esse neminem, neque 
quemquam qui exemplar formamque Scoticarum Universitatum magis 
calleat, et laudes praeceptorum vestrorum atque merita vestrae Academiae 
in universam rempublicam litterarum. Eum velimus accipiatis ut qui 
artissimi vos mutui amoris vinculi optime possit commonefacere. 

Et cum dignati ^tis nominatim alios e nostro coetu benigne ac 
liberaliter invitare, comites his addidimus viros praestantes, doctos, spectatos 
Fredericum p. Walton, Facultatis Jurisprudentiae Decanum, et 
Davidum Alexandrum Shirres, hominem in medica arte soUertis- 
simum, quem iuvat vestrae Universitatis se profited alumnum. 

Hi igitur omnes votorum nostrorum interpretes erunt, vestri autem 

gaudii testes ac participes. Per hos cuncta societas nostra fausta omnia 

et prospera vobis in posterum exoptabit et augurabitur. Stet fortuna domus ! 

Utinam per longam annorum seriem Universitas Aberdonensis patronorum 

pietate et liberalitate civium magis magisque stabilita, in dies laetiora 

usque incrementa capiat ! Et vos, viri doctissimi, qui res academicas in- 

signi ilia et perfervida Scotorum strenuitate procuratis, pergite ut coe- 

pistis : et sic statuite, praeter communis patriae et communis imperii 

insitum amorem nullum his temporibus artius ad humanam societatem 

confirmandam vinculum exstare, ac praecipue ad eos inter se coniumgendos 

qui in omnibus orbis terrarum partibus Brittannicum prae se ferunt nomen, 

quam artium disciplinarumque studium quarum propagatione et cultu 

Universitates hodie inter se conexae sint omnes. 

Valete ! 

Gulielmus Peterson, 

et Rector. 
Dabamus ad Montem Regium 
Kal. Iun. MCMVI. 


[ University of Toronto^ 

Universitati Aberdonensi 

Universitas Torontonensis 


Quod universitas Aberdonensis octo^esimum jam confecerit lustrum 
gratulamur vobis. Cur autem Universitatum vitam per lustra aesti- 
memus nos, vos, opinamur, non fefellit Peractis enim annis ill is, sive 
tribus, sive quattuor, sive quinque — dicis causa lustrum appellaveris — quos 
apud Universitatem degit aliquis, in quibus concluditur annis quicquid 
studiorum, quicquid philosophiae, quicquid humanitatis, immo quicquid 
gaudiorum etiam et juventutis, fatis homini concessum est, sordent caeteri 
et senescunt. Gratulamur quoque quod per octoginta haec lustra nunquam 
intermisit Universitas Aberdonensis austeram Latinitatem et austeros 
austerae Latinitatis praeceptores Scotiae ipsi et ultra Scotiam Imperio 
Britannico ubicumque orbis terrarum impertiri ; nee praeceptores ejus 
modi solos, sed etiam alios viros impigros acresque ; qui rem egerunt 
gnaviter, qui res angustas pertulerunt pertinaciter, qui Aberdoniam suam 
suis moribus rettulerunt ; denique, ut precabatur Scotus iste fortasse 
Aberdonensis — magnum illud quidem momentum ad caeteris placendum 
— qui sibi placuerunt. 

Aberdonenses dixerit aliquis Scoticorum Scoticos esse : gratulatur 
vobis et Scotiae Universitas nostra, et ipsa Scoticis redundans, quod 
famam hancce usque ad hoc temporis tam diu obtinueritis : idcirco, qui 
gratulationis hujus, qui pietatis Scoticae nostrae erga vos, qui communium 
quoque, studiorum praeco idem atque pignus sit, Archibaldum Byronem 
Macallum, Physiologiae Professorem, inter Societatis Regiae Socios 
nuperrime adscitum, vobis adlegamus ; utque assidente optimo Rege 
nostro Eduardo VII., omnia vobis ex sententia eveniant precamur et 

Jacobus Brebner, [ loc. ^ j. Loudon, 

Regtstraruis. \ J Praeses. 

Dabamus Torontokk Kal. JuLiis. Anno Domini MCMVI. 



[Queefi's University : Kingston.] 

Reginae Universitas 

quae est apud Regiodunum Canadensium, 

Universitati Aberdonensi, 

Praeclarae et antiquissimae sorori, tamquam soror aevo quidem et 
nomine multo minus ampla, arctissimis tamen vinculis conjuncta et 
obstricta, ut quae condicione et indole haud dissimili, quamvis longe 
semoto coelo, commune habeat opus, studium commune, easdem colat 
Musas non lucri causa sed amoris, uni Imperio Britannico in rebus 
maximi momenti et ponderis inserviat, S. P. D., atque ipsa triginta 
circiter annis minor centesimo, quadringentesimum jam illi Natalem feli- 
cissime consecutae, pio laetoque animo gratulatur. Namque jam inde 
antiquitus, ex quo Episcopus ille Elphinstonius, vir pietate singularis, 
Academiam vestram Pharon quandam in locis tum tenebricosis lucisque 
fontem et dulcedinis salis ad oram Septentrionalis fausto numine instituit, 
perspectum habemus, et ipsi iniqua fata experti exemploque tam nitido 
valde confirmati, quantum ex re diu angusta, jam ut lubenter cognosci- 
mus cum Dis largiore, vos ad doctrinam solidam et sapientiam veram 
et bonos mores proficiatis, idque non in Scotia tantum sed etiam ubique 
per orbem quocunque nostrorum victricia arma pervenere. Aberdonensium 
enim, ut canit dulcissimus doctissimusque vates, quae regio in terris non 
plena labonnii ? Aberdonia, quod proverbii loco dici solet, sublata 
duodeciniqiie regionis circumjacentis inilibus, quid factum sit de niundo ? 
Quid enim ? Nos quoque, oceano interfluente magno, de fonte illo 
hausimus cum nonnulli in Senatu nostro sedeant qui ex Academia vestra, 
imprimis Praeceptorum Praeceptrice et Magistrorum Matre salutanda, 
originem non sine fastu aliquo deducunt. Quorum unum, quasi tesseram 
necessitudinis, vestrum eundem et nostrum JOANNEM Macnaughton, 
olim Litt. Graecarum nunc Historiae Ecclesiasticae Professorem, qui 
sit nostri testis gaudii vestrae particeps laetitiae, Feriis secularibus inter- 
futurum adlegavimus, atque vobis commendabamus, Deum obsecrantes 
optimum maximum ut omnia vobis ex votis et sententia contingant: 
aedificia ista, Eduardi VII., regis nostri amplissimi dilectissimique, aus- 
piciis lautis inauguranda, nova cum antiquis pariter, praesidentibus more 
solito viris egregiis et eruditissimis, juventute proba, ingenua, artium human- 


arum virtutisque studiosa, rei publicae firmamento et propugnaculo, 
semper redundent : in omnia ventura quemadmodum praeterita per 
saecula augeatur, vireat floreatque cum meritis turn laude et gloria 
Universitas Aberdonensis. 

Sandford Fleming, K.C.M.G., LL.D., 


Daniel M. Gordon, D.D., LL.D., 



A.D. VIII., Kal. Jun,, MCMVI. 

\University of Manitoba : Winn{peg.'\ 

Universitas Manitobancnsis 
niversitati Aberdonensi 
S. R D. 

Universitas nostra, huius terrae novae novissima Academia, venera- 
bilis Universitatis vestrae litteras humanissimas libentissime accepit, 
quibus sumus invitati ut Natalis Quadringentesimi Ferias una vobiscum 
celebremus. Nos vero vobis vehementer gratulamur quod novis scholis 
inauguratis magnificum conditorum veterum opus paene ad finem tandem 
estis perducturi. Qua re feliciter perfecta ante omnes alios nos praecipue 
gaudere decet propterea quod Universitatis Manitobancnsis Cancellarius 
primus, Robertus Machray, Archiepiscopus maxime Reverendus, Aber- 
donensis CoUegii Regii fuit insignissimus alumnus. Neque dubitandum 
est quin inde, profecto illam disciplinae atque artium Iheav avTrjv hauserit 
quam ille conditor maximus principiis nostris impressit. Quod felix 
faustumque sit exoptamus ut Deo Optimo Maximo successus prosperos 
istis Feriis dare libeat atque antiquae Universitati vestrae felicitatem 

Concillii nostri iussu Matthaeus A. PARKER Professor adlegatus 
est, qui gratulationes nostras rite vobis perferat. 

Dabamus Kal. Quint. MCMVI. 


Uuiv. Man. Pro Cancellarius. 


[ University of the Cape of Good Hope.l 

The University of the 

Cape of Good Hope 


The University of Aberdeen. 


This University desires to offer to the University of Aberdeen its 
heartfelt congratulations on the auspicious completion of four centuries 
of corporate life. 

We rejoice that the sister institutions founded by the piety and 
munificence of Elphinstone and Keith have, in their later happy union in 
one strong University, given new proofs of ability and endeavour to serve 
the highest interests of the nation. 

In this southern subcontinent many sons of your ancient and honour- 
able foundation have done noble and efficient work in the learned pro- 
fessions, in Parliament, and in public life generally. 

For them and for their influence we hold ourselves your grateful 

We fervently desire that in its fifth century, now so happily begun, 
the united and extended University of Aberdeen may meet the enlarged 
responsibilities of to-day in such a spirit of wisdom, devotion and courage 
as to realise the aspirations of its pious founders and the hopes of its 
alumni and friends all the world over. 

In response to your courteous request that we should appoint a 
representative to be present at your festival as the guest of the University 
and City of Aberdeen, we desire to commend to your kind offices Pro- 
fessor A. H. Mackenzie, a graduate of your University and of the Uni- 
versity of Cambridge and a member of the Council of this University. 
Signed in name of the University of the Cape of Good Hope, 

C. Abercrombie Smith, 



[University of Sydney. ^ 

Universitati Aberdonensi 

Universitas Sydneiensis 

S. P. D. 

ERGRATUM nobis fecistis, viri doctissimi, quod ferias 
saeculares instauraturi tarn benigne nos, ut gaudio 
vestro intersimus, invitastis ; et eo magis cum Acade- 
>miae nostrae plus quinquaginta abhinc annis conditac 
'ex alumnis vestris unum de primis praeceptoribus 
dederitis, Joannem Smith, M.D., artis physicae chemicaeque professorem 
qui scientia, sagacitate, verum usu et Universitati nostrae et toti civitati 
multum profuit. Alius etiam ex alumnis, Joannes Hay, M.A. cum 
civitatis nostrae senatus praeses turn Senatus Academici nostri socius 
multos annos fuit, vir et civili prudentia et amore patriae et integritate 
suavitateque morum praeclariis. Quorum memores vel impensius vobis 
gratulamur ; et e coetu nostro, ut feriarum sint participes et fausta vobis 
omnia precentur, adlegamus Cancellarium nostrum, H. N. MacLaurin, 
M.D., equitem auratum, alumnum academiae, quae germana vestra 
soror est, clarissimum, et RiCARDUM Teece, senatus nostri socium, 
virum et in arithmeticis et in negotiis exercitatissimum. 
Datum Sydneiae, a.d., xvi. Kal. Aug. MCMVI. 

William Renwick, 


H. E. Barff, 



[ University of Melbourne^ 

Universitati Aberdonensi 

Universitas Melburniensis 

S. P. D. 

Natalem quadringentesimum iam praeteritum tempore magis op- 
portune tandem celebraturi scitote nos et toto corde vobis gratulari et 
eventum ex sententia vestra felicissimum exoptare. Neque enim apud 
nos, quamquam recentiores natu et in remotissima orbis terrarum parte 
sitos, ignoratur quantus Borealium istorum luminum splendor per tot 
saecula semper enituerit ; neque immemores sumus robustam strenuamque 
virorum propaginem, cum ex aedibus vestris lapide illo solidissimo et iam 
pridem canescente exstructis provenisset, in civitate hac nostra condenda 
stabilienda erudienda viriles partes egisse. Quod autem nos certiores 
fecistis vos regem nostrum reverendum, Eduardum VII., gaudia vestra 
praesentem cumulaturum sperare, id quidem et nos fore speramus, atque 
cum erga Academiam vestram tum erga principem ilium amplissimum 
candidam fidem et benevolentiam profiteri et significare vehementer 
cupimus. Eadem enim sunt nobis quae vobis et patriae et doctrinae 
vincula. Quod quo magis manifestum faciamus adlegamus Iohannem 
Madden, equitem valde insignem, iudiciis nostratibus praepositum, legum 
doctorem, Cancellarium nostrum, qui feriis vestris intersit atque hospitium 
vestrum nostro nomine et accipiat et acceptum referat. 

Dabamus Melburniae 



H. J. Wrixon, 



[ University of Adelaide.^ 

Uniuersitatis Aberdonensis 
Cancellario et Senatui 

S. p. D. 
Uniuersitas Adelaidensis 

gratias uobis agimus uiri doctissimi et spectatissimi qui 
nobis quanta maxima potest esse loci distantia disiunctis 
gratulandi facultatem benigne obtuleritis. gratulamur 
enim ex animo quod annos lam quadringentos totos 
peregit academia uestra aberdonensis. nec nobis quidem 
prorsus opinio placet eorum qui uel hominis uel academiae 
uirtutem uetustate sola atque diuturnitate sicut cornicis 
illius annosae metiri solent. at tamen neminem sane 
fallere potest quot et quantae sint causae quare fas sit 
uobis quidem gratulari quod tot annorum spatium dis bene 
luuantibus optime et felicissime decurrit academia uestra. 
quae deinde ipsa hoc praeclarum proponit exemplum quid 
possint homines quid debeant quod bonum quam late pateat 
ne cogitando quidem comprehendimus. quod uero ad nos 
pertinet qui coloni in ultimis oris imperii britannici quasi 
in uigilia tirones habendi sumus nos certe illam uestram 
normam bene et fortiter militandi ut a ueteranis uobis 
nobis oblatam libenter arripimus. 

quid igitur nunc precemur potius quam ut gloriam 
uestram semper ut soletis tueamini ? tamen uelimus uobis 
persuadeatis nos communi quodam studiorum uinculo uobiscum 
conjunctos et uestri gaudii participes esse et uos magistros 
necessarios amicos semper facere uel plurimi. quod uero 
nobis ludos uestros saeculares indixistis gratias agimus : 
celebraturis omnia fausta et felicia precamur. ualete. 

S. J. Way, 


William Barlow, 

Adelaidae Datum 
A. D. VI. Kal. sext. a. S. MDCCCCVI. 


{University of Tasmania : Hobart?[ 

Uniuersitati Aberdonensi Uniuersitas Tastnaniensis 

S. P. D. 

AXIMAS uobis, uiri doctissimi illustrissimique, gratias 
[agimus quod nos, toto penitus orbe diuisos, comiter ac 
fbenigne inuitastis ut nobis, annum uniuersitatis conditae 
Iquadringentesimum celebrantibus, per legationem in- 
tersimus : quod quidem libentissime facimus, uno ex 
alumnis nostris, qui forte in Caledonia scholarum fama excitus peregrin- 
atur, delegate ut observantiam nostram gratulationemque testificetur ; 
eoque magis laetamur nos ita creuisse ut nouam aulam noua aedificia 
inauguretis, quod successus prosperos orsis ominatur nostris, qui cum huic 
ciuitati id temporis nee multitudine nee opibus florenti ut uniuersitatem 
institueret olim persuadere cuperemus, praeclarum Caledoniae documentum 
proposuimus, ut quae mascula prole disciplina taetrica insignis, qua nulla 
unquam res publica nee sanctior nee bonis exemplis ditior fuisset, parcam 
Mineruam studiosissime semper coluisset. 

Proinde macti uirtute diligentiaque estote, et ut nobis ita multis 
postmodo futuris gentibus duces et quasi signiferi doctrinae atque sapientiae 

Dabamus Hobartiae a. d. XI. Kal. Quint. MCMVI, 

George Clarke, 


N. E. Lewis, 

Vice- Cancel larius . 

James H. R. Cruickshank, 



{University of New Zealand: Wellington.] 

Universitas Novae Zelandiae 

Universitati Aberdonensi 

S. P. D. 

Quod nobis occasionem, viri doctissimi, laetitiae ut vestrae participes 
fiamus, idcirco maximas gratias et agimus et habemus. Gratulamur vobis 
quam maxime, quod, quadringentis feliciter peractis annis, ita animi vestri 
non infirmitate senili imbuantur, ut robur, ut ita dicamus, juvenile, magis 
etiam quam antiquioribus temporibus, manifestum faciatis. 

Et nos, quanquam penitus a vobis toto orbe divisi sumus, non animis 
longinquitate obfuscatis vestros labores contemplamur. Ingenium quoddam 
septentrionale, non crassum sed strenuum, non stolidum sed pertinacem, 
colitis. In numero alumnorum vestrorum sunt nomina celeberrima, 
celeberrima Professorum; disciplinarum autem et facultatum ordo multi- 
plex et copiosus. 

Macte, virtute, viri doctissimi ! Reipublicae literarum pars magna 
fuistis, pars major eritis. Mentes auresque hominum magna expectatione 
erigitis, quae ut non irrita cadat, sed maxima laude in omnia saecula rata 
fiat, vehementer optamus et oramus. Valete. 

Dabamus Wellingtoniae Kal. Jul. MCMVI. 

Robert Stout, 


John W. Joynt, 



[ University of Otago ' Dunedin.'\ 


S. P. D. 

T gratulamur vobis, ut debemus, viri doctissimi, de nomine 
,ac fama vestrae Civitatis atque Academi'ae jam quadrin- 
jgentos annos per terras celebratae, et precamur ut tot 
.tantisque laboribus feliciter jam ad finem perductis 
Inomen ejus per futura saecula etiam illustrius fiat. 
Pergrata nobis fuit epistola vestra qua nos quoque invitastis ut 
ab hoc remotissimo imperii sinu legatum mitteremus qui Feriis vestris 
Saecularibus interesset, et vocem nostram laetantium concentui adjun- 
geret. Idque eo libentius nos facturos promittimus quod artiore quodam 
vinculo speramus nos vobiscum esse conjunctos, siquidem et con- 
ditores nostri a vestra patria originem duxerunt et id nos semper egimus 
ut quamvis impari passu vestris vestigiis insisteremus et studia nostra quam 
maxime possemus vestris accommodaremus. 

Cancellarium nostrum JOSUAM Strange Williams virum doctum 
et jure peritissimum adlegavimus qui nostro nomine feriis vestris interesset. 
Hunc virum vobis commendamus. Valete. 

Jacobus Allen, 

Pro. Cancellarins. 
D. DuNEDiNO. Id. Jun. MCMVI. 


[ University of Calcutta.'] 

pr^ ♦ ^twfts^^^j^ I fSL 


^j^«l-ftisrfTOP8Ri-HT^n^ nfh 


IT^^ W3TT 'BUT ^^n^Tt wfift W^«<jf5*fl: • 

^«raf?ififw5?T ^^^ ^: air?j»|«w«i«( 1 



Om ! Auspicious Victory and Elevation 

The Members of the Aberdeen University. 

1. May the blessed God, the protector of the universe, always protect from 
misfortune the Emperor Edward, the best of kings, who protects us like sons, the 
manifestations of whose countless virtues are admired in all quarters of the globe, 
and who is always worshipped as a family God by us with the highest devotion. 

2. We feel ourselves highly honoured and happy to-day on being invited to 
the great festival of that University which is the glory of the beautiful City of Aber- 
deen, which has passed the period of four centuries by the performance as a vow of 
the work of dissemination of knowledge, and whose Senate is adorned by savants, 
surpassing in intellectual excellence even Vrihaspati the preceptor of the gods. 

3. May that University coming to the new building shine now with fresh 
glories. May the all-merciful God constantly shower on her the nectar of endless 

4-5. The high-minded Sir Andrew Eraser, the Governor of Bengal, worshipped 
by the people, who is the Rector of our University, is going there as our delegate, 
carrying our best compliments to congratulate you on the great occasion. 

6. May you cherish with affection our University as a young sister of your 

7. You and we are protected by the same Sovereign like a father, therefore, do 
you always look upon us the Indians with brotherly affection. 

8. In science, power, fame, influence and good work, England is superior to 
all countries in the world ; therefore, she has been made by the merciful Providence 
our protector. Inspired by her energies let all India gloriously shine every day like 
the orb of moon by the solar light. 

g. You have during long time been spreading the lustre of the gems of science 
by the exploration of the vast ocean of varied learning and have always been thus 
dispelling the darkness of ignorance of men : May our University, by making you 
her model, occupy a high position : O University of Aberdeen, whose fame has 
spread throughout the world, may you prosper for ever. 

Om ! May there be happiness by the grace of the Eternal God. 

Calcutta University, 
Dated 25^/? April, igo6. 

AsuTosH Mookerjee, 
^ Sent with the original. 

[^University of Bombay.'] 

THE UNIVERSITY OF BOMBAY has honoured me, once its 
Vice-Chancellor, with the pleasing duty of conveying the felicitations of 
that seat of learning to the University of ABERDEEN at this time of 
grand solemnities, and its warmest desires that in the centuries to come 
as during the four hundred years passed and gone, the lights of learning 
streaming from the City by the Northern sea may continue to penetrate 
with beneficial influence into the distant lands of the Orient, wherever 
the alumni of ABERDEEN have made their mark. 

John Jardine. 

Done at Aberdeen 


DAY OF September in 

THE year of our LoRD I906. 


[ University of Madras^ 
The University of Madras 


The University of Aberdeen. 

E, the Chancellor, Vice-Chancellor, and Fellows of the 
I University of Madras, desire to offer to you our 
'heartiest congratulations on the occasion of the cele- 
bration of the Quatercentenary of your distinguished 
jUniversity. We rejoice in these four hundred years 
devoted to study and to sound learning, in the light 
which has been shed abroad from your Northern home of scholarship and 
erudition, and in the long roll of illustrious sons whom it has sent forth to 
every part of the inhabited world. Here in this Southern Presidency of 
India we recall the services that have been rendered to this land, its people, 
and its government by a succession of distinguished Alumni that your 
ancient University has nurtured, and especially do we remember with 
gratitude the part that has been taken by them in shaping and controlling 
the life of this University during the half century of its existence. In 
every form of endeavour and activity directed to the furtherance of the 
well-being of the people, and the promotion of good government, learning 
and morality, men who have been reared within the walls of your Uni- 
versity have borne a lofty and honourable part. 

We congratulate you on the approaching completion of buildings 
which are at once the pride of the city and the glory of the University, 
and we express the confident hope that, through the larger opportunities 
thus afforded, the magnificent heritage that you have received from the 
centuries that are past may be handed on from generation to generation 
in unimpaired and ever-increasing richness. 

Senate House, 

25TH April, igo6. 

Arthur Lawley, 

Chancellor . 

C. A. Paterson, R. S. Benson, 

Regisirav. Vice-Chancel lor. 


[University of Allahabad.l 




[^University of Malta : Valetla.'] 

Henricus Magrus Doctor Medicus 
Moderator Publ. Melit. Institut. 
Decur. M. Athenaei Aberdonensis 
S. P. D. 

Animum nostrum, Praestantissimi viri, baud levi iucunditate perfudit 
vestra de secularibus natalitiis praeclarae istius Academiae celebrandis 
epistola : idque nobis amplissimum ducimus, quod nos peramanter horta- 
mini, ut legemus qui proximis feriis rituumque splendori nomine nostro 
adsit, humanissima Aberdonensium hospitalitate usus. Quare, ut primum 
litterae vestrae in supremo Academiae nostrae consilio lectae sunt, statim 
placuit universis ut, quae lubenter modo obimus, de memorabili eventu 
vobis suis ipsorum verbis candidissimis gratularemur, gratiisque de vestro 
erga nos officio actis, ostenderemus confidere ipsos repromittendi copiam 
sibi optantibus futuram. Quod si evenerit, ne quid incommodi existat, 
eius, quicumque designatus erit, et nomen et honores, quasi tessera, vobis 
edantur profecto curabunt, litteris in id tempore opportuneque datis. 

[oannes Reynolds, 

Moderatoris Adiutor a Secretis. 
Ex M. Athenaeo Melitensi, 
ML Id. Maii An. M.DCCCCVl. 


\H award University: Cambridge^ U.S.A^ 

Universitas Harvardiana 

Universitati Abcrdoncnsi 

S. P. D. 

iCADEMIAE vestrae, quae per quattuor saecula splendi- 
'dissime floruit, doctrinam felicissime coluit, omnesque 
artes liberales diligentissime fovit, celebraturae Ferias 
Saeculares lubenti animo gratulamur. Ut in annis 
praeteritis multi alumni pientissimi, qui e parietibus 
vestris exierunt, mentis probitate, moribus, studiis 
factisque famam vestram auxerunt, ita precamur ut in 
annis Venturis semper natis decorantibus facta parentis gaudeatis, Univer- 
sitas vestra fide auxilioque civium Aberdonensium adiuta semper vivat, 
floreat crescat. Intra nova aedificia vestra iuventuti studiosae destinata Pax 
Felicitasque habitent : nihil intret mali. Has gratulationes, haec signa 
amicitiae benevolentiaeque nostrae accipere velitis. Valete. 

Dat. Cantabrigia in Aula 

Universitatis Kalendis Septembribus 


Scribendo adfuit. 

Carolus-Guil. Eliot, 


[Ya/e University: New Haven, US.A^ 

Universitatc Aberdonensi 

Universitas Yalensis 

S. P. D. 

Vobis, collegae doctissimi atque viri humanissimi, cum Academia 
vestra amplius annos quadringentos multa cum felicitate floruit, exanimis 
gratulamur speramusque fore ut Lampada Litterarum Scientiarumque, 
quam quasi cursores usque adhuc summa cum laude tutistis, perpetuo 
feratis aliisque tradatis. 

Quod nos vobis vestra praeterita pia recordatione publice celebraturis 
adesse vultis, adeo nobis cordi est ut e nobis delegerimus Thomam Raynes- 
ford Lounsbury, professorem linguae litterarumque Anglicarum, qui gratu- 
lationes votaque nostra vobis coram offerat. 

Quod bonum faustum felix fortunatumque sit ! 


xA.RTHUR Twining Hadley, 



[Princeton University, U.S.A.'] 











magno qvidem afficimvr gavdio, viri hvmanissimi, qvod nos 

ad ferias vestras mox aberdoniae celebrandas tam benigne 

vocavistis. laeti igitvr volvntati vestrae obseqventes 

vicarivm ex ordine nostro delegimvs qvi nostram erga vos 

gratvlationem praesens testificetvr et gavdiis vestris in- 

tersit conviva comesqve qvi sicvt nobis semper gratvs ita, 

sic enim persvasvm habemvs, vobis erit acceptissimvs. is erit 

winthrop more daniels, vir litteris historiis scientiis peni- 

tvs imbvtvs qvi apvd nos oeconomica politica profitetvr. 

nil sanctivs dvximvs nec antiqvivs in illo amore fraterno 
qvi nostram cvm alus academiis div conivnxerit qvam obser- 
vantiam vniversitatvm patriae vestrae gloriosae. a vobis 
enim proflvxit ad nos flvmen virivm virtvtvm virorvm 
patriam nostram laetificans scientiam profvndens fidem 
christi extendens. tamdiv ergo effvlgeat vniversitas ves- 
tra aberdonensis illvminans obscvra tenebras dissipans 
donec lvcescat illa dies exoptanda qvvm omnes homines 
veritatem aeternam tvnc patefactam agnoscentes seqven- 
tvr seqventes credent credentes avtem amabvnt. 

Joannes Grier Hibben, 

Pro Praeside 
Vniversitatis Princetoniensh. 
Dabamvs in avla nassovica 
Kal. Avg. a. S. MCMVI. 



{^University of Pennsylvania : Philadelphia, U.S.A.I 

Universitas Pennsylvaniensis 

Universitati Aberdonensi 

S. P. D. 

Litteras vestras, quibus nos certiores fecistis Academiam vestram, 
longo aevo venerabilem et humanitatis studiis inlustratam, quadringen- 
tensima sua sollemnia esse celebraturam, laeti accepimus et vobis gratias 
maximas agimus, quod nos quoque invitare dignastis ut legatum ad 
ferias saeculares vestras, haud dubie memoriae prodendas, etiam trans 
mare mittamus. Qua de causa ex numero nostro elegimus 
Jacobum Gulielmum White, IVl.D, 

qui chirurgiae cathedram a Johanne Rliea Barton apud nos conditam 

summa cum laude tenet, virum illius peritissimum artis quae Rectorem 

Universitatis Aberdonensis per orbem terrarum nobilitavit. 

Ille sollemnibus aderit et gratulationes votaque a Praeside, Rectori- 

bus, Facultate Universitatis Pennsylvaniensis perferet. Spem fovemus 

certissimam foreut Deus Optimus Maximus Universitatem Aberdonensem 

altera in sollemnia quadringentensima meliusque semper proroget aevum. 

Datum Philadelphiae, mense Aprili exeunte, 
ANNO Domini milensimo nonagensimo sexto. 

Chas. C. Harrison, 


J. Hartley Merrick, 

Sigilli Custos. 


[Columbia University; New York, U.S.A.] 

Universitas Columbiae 

in urbc Novo Eboraco 

Univ. Aberdoncnsi 

S. R D. 

OS vobis ferias saeculares rite celebraturis gratias quam 

maximas referimus quod inter laetitiam communes 

vestri gaudii participes sociosque nos esse volvistis. 

Hanc ad vos scribendi occasionem nacti, laudes optimo 

^Mure debitas omnibus referendas ducimus, qui ingenio 

et opera et studio famam atque utilitatem Academiae Vestrae ita prov- 

exerunt ut quadringentesimum annum aetatis suae florens ingrederetur 

litterarum scientiarumque gloria ornata nee non et pietate commendata. 

Quae cum ita sint, legatum quendam e nostris doctoribus Aberdoniam 

salutationis causa mittemus qui nostram erga vos benevolentiam praesens 

testificetur. Nos omnes diem istius celebrationis gaudio, gratulatione, 

votis ex animo colemus : precamur etiam ut vobis et per vos toti Britanniae 

fausta feliciaque semper omnia contingant. 

Data Novi Eboraci 

Non. Iun. anno sal. MCMVI. 

Nicholas Murray Butler, 



[University of the State of New York : Albany, U.S.A.'] 

University of the State of New York. 
Founded 1784. 

The University of the State of New York acknowledges with 
pleasure the invitation of the University of Aberdeen to send a delegate 
to its four-hundredth anniversary, and by its representative Dr. St. Clair 
McKelway, Vice-Chancellor, extends congratulation to the University of 
Aberdeen. This congratulation is tendered not only for the scholarship, 
but for the citizenship of our commonwealth. Our people and all the 
people of our Union would salute the University of Aberdeen on the 
significant anniversary it will soon observe. We recognise your illustrious 
foundation as representative in no small measure of the culture, of the 
statesmanship and of the piety of Scotland. This is attested and vindi- 
cated by the work of the University on the minds and hearts of ingenuous 
youth, so long and so worthily entrusted to your care. 

Our State and our Nation are largely indebted to the sons of 
Aberdeen and to their posterity for the broadening and the bettering of the 
capacity, the character and the extent of learning in our land. Scotsmen 
helped us to gain our freedom. They have helped us to preserve and to 
refine it. They have impersonated and promoted patriotism, philanthropy 
and religion among us and have made them alike the motive and 
the bulwark of government here. Theology, philosophy, science, letters, 
the arts, liberty and toleration are fields and forces in which and 
for which the debt of America to Scotland cannot be too broadly or too 
gratefully admitted. 

Our own State's claim to these blessings is measurable only by her 
primacy in learned foundations and in numbers and in resources among 
her federal sisters. Our appreciation of these facts is profound. Our 
acknowledgment of them is unreserved. Our thankfulness to the Almighty 
for them is constant. Of that gratitude our worship, our oratory and our 
literature are a monumental attestation. 

This in pursuance of an action of the Board of 
Regents of the University of the State of New York 

taken at a meeting held at the Capitol in the City 
of Albany on Thursday the twenty-eighth day of June 
nineteen hundred and six. 

A. S. Draper, 

Commissioner of Education 
of the State of New York. 


[University of Vermont: Burlington^ U.S.A?^ 

Univcrsitas Viridimontensis Universitati Aberdonensi 

S. P. D. 

ERGRATA nobis fuit invitatio vestra participes ut 
|simus gaudii festivitatumque natalis vestri quadri- 

Legatum nostrum qui ferat gratulationes declar- 
etque venerationem nostram vestri vetusti fontis lucis 
iac doctrinae designavimus Praesidem nostrum Mat- 
THAEUM Henricum Buckham Utriusque Legis 
Doctorem quern comitati vestrae commendamus. 

Dabamus Burlingtoniae, Virid. 
A.D. QUINT. Kal. Aug. MDMVI. 

George Grenville Benedict, 

Univ. Virid. Secretarius. 

[ University of Michigan : A nn A rbor, U.S.A.^ 

Universitas Michiganensium 

Universitati Aberdonensi 

S. P. D. 

lucundissima est nobis memoria et recordatio ingentium Academiae 
Scoticae meritorum in litterarum Rempublicam, Filii eius toto in orbe 
terrarum semina doctrinae liberaliumque studiorum sparserunt, quorum 
nonnulli in nostras facultates academicas recepti, sub alio sole, laudes 
atque gloriam almae matris longinquae auxerunt. 

Itaque gaudemus, Scoti doctissimi et illustrissimi et humanissimi, 
vestram Academiam florere. Gratias agimus, quod invitastis ut nos 
quoque partem in vestris gaudiis caerimoniisque, tot saeculis feliciter 
completis, habeamus, senatuque nostro convocato ROBERTUM MarcUM 
Wen ley nominavimus qui gratulationes nostras significet. 

Dabamus Ann Arbore Michiganensium, 
Id. Iun. MCMVI. 

Jacobus Burrill Angell, 



[Wisconsin University: Madison, U.S.AJ\ 

Cancellario et Vice'Cancellario et aliis qui 

.niversitati Aberdonensi 

praesunt Praeses et Praefccti 
[niversitatis Wisconsinensis 
S. D. R 

Ut hoc fausto tempore alii ex aliis orbis terrarum regionibus profecti 
Universitati vestrae gratulantur quod pro Deo et civitate iam quadrin- 
gentos annos vitam purissiman et felicissimam eo consilio agit, ut religio 
colatur, scientia crescat, cives ad res gerendas instituantur, — ita haec quoque 
Universitas, eaque Deo iuvante omnium saluti consecrata, supplicationis 
decretae ardenter cupit esse particeps et socius. 

Etenim et nos et ceteri qui in litterarum Republica cives sunt, summa 
admiratione et animis erga illam sororem gratissimis afifecti sumus, e qua 
non solum tot filii et tales nati sunt, sed etiam tot et tantae sententiae 
ortae sunt, quae vitam humanam attigerint, sicubi litterae et artes notae 
sunt, atque adeo se in tenebras terrarum agrestium et incultarum in- 

Praeterea, cum ilia nos movent, tum hoc, in animis nostris penitus 
defixum atque insitum, in primis nos impellit ut Academiam vestram 
honore iusto oneremus. Nos enim de eadem stirpe sumus orti, eadem 
lingua utimur, eodem inter nos sanguine cohaeremus, quod ex ilia 
" Caledonia, dura et agresti," multi e nostris patribus, durum genus, sunt 
nati, qui naturam subigendo, pro libertate pugnando, religionem et 
scientiam colendo, fundamenta harum civitatum iecerunt. 

Itaque nos, quos non solum tanta admiratio sed etiam laetitia summa, 
benevolentia maxima, animi gratissimi valde movent, per has litteras vobis 
gratulamur. Nos enim quidem unum ex hoc ordine mittere non possu- 
mus, qui ipse 

Multas per gentes et multa per aequora vectus 

vobis nuntiet quanto in honore et quanto in amore Universitatem vestram 
habeamus ; velimus tamen credatis, quo benevolentia nostra maior sit, 
eo magis nos dolere neminem a nobis esse adlegatum. 


Charles R. Van Hise, 

Univ. Wiscons. Praeses. 


[Johns Hopkins University: Baltimore, U.S. A.I 

Univcrsitas Hopkinsiensis 

Universitati Aberdonensi 

S. P. D. 

ER Litteras vestras, viri illustrissimi, quae nuper ad nos 
pervenerunt certiores facti sumus vos medio mense 
Septembri huius anni Farias Saeculares instauraturos 
quibus incluta Academia vestra, non modo vicissitudine 
Irerum per tot annos inconcussa sed nunc quidenn novis 
subsidiis aucta atque ornata, rite celebretur. 

Voluptate non mediocri adfecti sumus quod nos gaudii vestri parti- 
cipes esse voluistis. Nam, praeter illam inter omnes qui communia studia 
fovent necessitudinem qua conservata atque amplificata est Res Publica 
Litterarum, non desunt quae nos ipsos coniungere debeant. Ex quibus, 
ut alia omittamus, hoc praecipue in memoriam redigere libuerit, professorem 
humanitatis illustrem, virum antiquitatibus quae Libris Divinis congruunt 
eruditissimum — vestrum Gulielmum Ramsay dicimus — ante xii. annos, 
scholis per aliquot dies in Universitate nostra habitis, de Pauli Apostoli 
itineribus disseruisse magna cum subtilitate et elegantia, 

Nos ergo absentes precamur ut vobis prospera omnia contingant. At- 
que ut Ferias Saeculares quas facturi estis eo quo par est honore pro- 
sequamur, ex nostro ordine Academico HOWARDUM KELLY, professorem 
illustrem, virum medicinae peritissimum, delegimus qui praesens vobis 
gratulandi munus obiret et vobiscum vota pro incolumitate et diuturnitate 
Universitatis Aberdonensis nuncuparet. 

Dabamus Baltimorae, 
Idib. Mai. MCMVI. 

Ira Remsen, 

Praeses Universitatis. 



[Cornel/ University: Ithaca, U.S.A.^ 

NIVERSITAS Cornelliana Universitati Aberdonensi 
^salutem plurimam dicit. Ilia minima fere natu inter 
' uni versitates Americanas sorori priscae clarissimaeque 
'gratulatur, cum per studia litterarum scientiarumque 
de toto mundo optime merita est, cum exempla illus- 
trissima verae doctrinae semper praebuit, cum non solum in insulis 
Britannicis verum etiam per omnem orbem terrarum auctoritate sua 
semper plurimum valuit, atque praecipue cum, quattuor saeculis tarn 
feliciter exactis, quintum optimis auspiciis iam incepit 

Accedit quoque inter nos proprium vinculum, quod ille vir, qui iam 
multos annos civis Americanus versatus est atque nuper, academiam vestram 
liberalitate sua prosequendo, sapientiam Caledoniam pietatemque erga 
patriam unice exhibuit, iam diu est unus ex Curatoribus universitatis 

Vobis igitur, ferias sollemnis celebraturis, laetantissimi gratulamur. 
Cuius rei in testimonium, Carolum Henricum Hull, Professorem 
Historiae Americanae huius universitatis, legavimus, qui has litteras vobis 
ad ferret. 

Ithaca dabamus 

Kalendis Iuniis 




Wm. a. Hammond, 



[Clark University: Worcester, U.S. A.I 

To The 
University of Aberdeen 

on this auspicious occasion of its Fourth Centenary We The Trustees and 
Faculty of Clark University of Worcester, Massachussetts, offer cordial 
greeting and congratulations. 

The University of Aberdeen is ancient and illustrious, rich in the 
possession of a noble history, of inspiring traditions and of a long roll of 
famous Regents and Professors, Graduates and Alumni. That comparative 
remoteness from the great centres of the Renaissance to which it owed its 
rise has been more than compensated by the advantages which have been 
returned to it from its impartial diffusion of the resources of learning 
throughout its extensive province. It has eminently profited also from 
that conjunction, so conspicuous in its region, of Saxon lucidity and 
strength with Northman energy and initiative and of both with Celtic 
historic and speculative genius, qualities which Scotland and her Uni- 
versities have illustrated in so many fields of thought and action. It has 
thus fostered and given to the world children whose fame in Art and 
Letters, in History and Philosophy, in Science and in Medicine, is co- 
extensive with our common language and civilisation. 

In comparison with this venerable and renowned foundation, Clark 
University, in actual years scarce adolescent, is but a child ; and we who 
presently guide its initial efforts approach the University of Aberdeen with 
all due reverence and admiration. Yet we trust that the work which 
Clark University has done and is doing in the special fields of post- 
graduate study in pure science upon which it has hitherto concentrated its 
activities, may entitle it to be regarded as a not unworthy friend and well- 
wisher, and as a collaborator in the great work of Higher Education. 

We appreciate heartily the honour of the invitation to these celebra- 
tions of our President and Professor of Psychology and Pedagogy, Gran- 
ville Stanley Hall, Ph.D., LL.D., and we depute him to convey 
these our cordial congratulations. 

Long may the University of Aberdeen live and flourish to maintain 
and increase its beneficent labours and add new lustre to its name. 

Signed in name and on behalf of the Trustees and Faculty of Clark 

G. Stanley Hall, 

September xxv., A.D. MCMVL 


\Leland Stanford Junior University : California, U.S.Ai\ 

Cancellario ct Vicc^Cancellario et aliis qui Universitati 

Aberdoncnsi pracsunt Praeses et Pracfccti Universitatis in 

memoriam Leiandi Stanfordi Junioris conditae 

S. D. R 

Ut hoc tempore alii ex aliis orbis terrarum regionibus profecti 
vobis gratulantur Universitatem tarn claram, pro Deo et republica 
conditam, quadringentos annos bene atque feliciter confecisse — ita nos 
quoque animis libentissimis supplicationis a nobis decretae participes 
sumus et socii. 

Ouamquam enim, cum terrae ille tremor, quo non California solum, 
sed etiam omnes homines moti sunt, aedificia nobis aliquot deiecit, tum 
magnum detrimentum accepimus, tamen cum gaudentibus gaudemus, 
maxime quod summa admiratione et animis erga academiam gratissimis 
affecti sumus, e qua, matre quidem alma, non solum tot filii et tales nati 
sunt, sed etiam tot et tantae sententiae in lucem sunt editae, quae, sicubi 
litterae et artes notae sunt, vitam humanam attigerint 

Enimvero illud Emersoni nostri honestum est, qui dicit pecuniam in 
universitatem impensam plus quam in carcerem efficere, atque haec verba 
Agassiz ille quondam scripsit : " Sunt quae is solus, qui discendi 
cupiditate inexplebili flagrat, necessaria esse sciat ; nam famem quandam 
sitimque nihil aliud nisi summa benevolentia potest intellegere atque 
levare; itaque hoc festo die liceat mihi dicere quaecumque pecunia ad 
doctrinam summam, qualiscumque est, colendam sumatur, eam plus ad- 
mores fingendos populi esse valituram quam, multa milia sestertium, quae 
iam diu sumimus ut multitude hominum vitam otiosiorem atque com- 
modiorem agat". 

Itaque nos, qui habitamus ubi America ad occidentem vergit et 
Oceanus, non iam dissociabilis, ut ab Horatio appellatur, terras maxime 
diversas catenis quasi vincit, vos olim " penitus toto divisos orbe " inter 
quos lumen veritatis clarum tot saecula luxit, salutamus, atque ut sciatis 
quanto in honore vos habeamus, unum e nostris professoribus — Melvillum 
Best Anderson — litterarum Anglicarum peritum adiegamus, qui ipse 
vobis gratuletur et tempore festo vobis adsit. 

Datum in California Apud Stanfordienses id. Aug. MCMVI. 

David Starr Jordan, 

Universitatis in memoriam Leiandi Stanfordi yunioris 
Conditae Praeses. 


[University of Chicago, U.S.A.'\ 

Universitas Chicaginiensis 

Universitati Aberdonensi 

S. P. D. 

Humanitatem vestram, quod nos ad soUemnia celebranda Universi- 
tatis vestrae quadiingentesima invitastis, iam pridem per litteras nos 
agnoscere testificati sumus. Pergratum erat quod nobis in tanta regionum 
longinquitate tamen licebat quendam ex ordine nostro philosophorum 
deligere, qui ipsis feriis vestris interesset, praesensque gratulationem 
nostro nomine faceret, Quamquam nullis vinculis propioribus siue 
professorum siue studiosorum coniuncti sumus, fas est tamen ut Univer- 
sitas nostra, utpote quae ex natu minimis sit, dona nostra, scilicet vota 
et venerationem, florentissimae Sorori suae iam adultae adferat, ut et 
vinculum proprium originis linguaeque communis, et illud vinculum 
litterarum scientiarumque quod homines doctos ubicumque sunt societate 
inter se devincit, pro nostra parte confirmentur. Quare in vestro vehe- 
menter gaudentes gaudio volumus et optamus ut omnia in praesentia et 
postero tempore votis vestris respondeant. 

Henricus Pratt Judson, 

Pro Praeside. 
D. Chicagine Kal. Sextil. 
Anno Salutis MDCCCCVI, 


[ University of Chile.'] 

Al Senor Vice Canciller i Prefecto 
de la Universidad de Aberdeen. 

La Corporacion que represento, enterada del oficio de V. S. de i° 
de enero de este ano en que se sirve invitarla para que, por medio de un 
Especial Delegado, participe en las Fiestas Seculares de la Universidad 
de Aberdeen, que tendrdn lugar a mediados del proximo septiembre, i 
correspondiendo a la invitacion ha acordado unanimente manifestar su 
mas amplia congratulacion por tan fausto acontecimiento i comisionar al 
Excmo Sor. D, DOMINGO Gana, Ministro de Chile en Gran Bretana, 
residente en L6ndres, a efecto de que se traslade a la Universidad de 
Aberdeen investido con el dicho caracter de Especial Delegado de la 
Universidad de Chile. 

Con este motivo me es grato ofrecerme de esa Universidad i de V. S. 
obsecuente servidor. 

Domingo Amunategui, 


Santiago, 9 de julio de iqo6. 

Luis Espejo, 

Secretario yeneral. 


[Bohemian University of Prague i\ 

Almae et Antiquissimae 

Universitati Abcrdonensi 

Alma et Antiquissima 

C. R. Univ. Carolina Ferdinandca 

Pragensis Bohemica. 

Clarissimus Bohemiae Rex Carolus imperator Romanus Carolus IV., 
ut " fideles regnicolae sui, qui scientiarum fructus indesinenter esurirent, 
paratam in regno sibi mensam propinationis invenirent," generale studium 
Pragense omnium in tota media Europa universitatum primum ante hos 
quingentosquinquaginta septem annos condidit a p. Ch. N. MCCCXLVIII, 
praecipue studii Parisiensis exemplum secutus atque Bononiensis, ad 
cujus maxime normam et regulam etiam Aberdonensis Academia ab initiis 
regimen doctrinae accommodavit. 

Universitati Carolinae posteriore aetate domestic! motus tumultusque 
mutationes rerum ad religionem spectantes et variae temporum iniquitates 
aerumnaeque multas attulerunt calamitates quibus conquassata aliquotiis 
fundamenta ejus nunquam tamen eversa sunt. Studium generale Carolinum 
calamitatibus non succubuit sed recreatum se erexit et novis viribus 
receptis crescebat et augebatur, donee viginti et quatuor abhinc annis 
commode et convenienter in duas partes divisum est, Bohemicam et 
Germanicam ut quae rationes utriusque regnum Bohemiae incolentis 
nationis postularent et exigerent ad effectum possent perduci. Quam ob 
rem universitas nostra Pragensis cum cujuscunque alterius generalis 
studii incrementa turn etiam inclytae universitatis Aberdonensis perenni 
et usque ad quadringentorum annorum aetatem continuato flore quam 
maxime laetatur et cum memorabilis ille dies festus Almae Matris Aber- 
donensis, qui est VII. ante Kalendas Octobres adveniet, etiam universitas 
Carolina Ferdinandea Bohemica sinceram gratulationem agens honestis- 
simam et celeberrimam universitatem Aberdonensem optimis omnibus 
prosequetur exoptans ut etiam in posterum per multa saecula floreat et 
crescat et augeatur ad studiorum scientiarumque incrementum atque ad 
salutem patriae suae totiusque humani generis utilitatem. 

Dabamus Pragae pridie Calendas Septembres 


Dr. Ant. VRE§f Al, 

h. t. rector ac senatus academici praeses. 


{German University of Prague ?[ 




S. D. P. 

lERMAGNA cum voluptate ex litteris quas ad nos 
'liberaliter misistis mox diem natalem inclutae Vniver- 
sitatis Aberdonensis quattuor saecuHs ab origine feliciter 
exactis celebratum novaque academiae aedificia inaugu- 
;ratum iri comperimus. 

Totius orbis terrarum academias communi quodam 
vinculo inter se coniunctas esse quis est qui neget ? cuncta enim litter- 
arum respublica enixe contendit et laborat ut quae vera sint dispiciat 
quaeque pertineant ad salutem humani generis augendam exquirat. 
Quapropter gratum nobis acceptumque fuit, quod nos quoque ad dies 
festos agendos comiter et officiose vocastis. 

Cui voluntati vestrae, viri doctissimi illustrissimique, obsecuti e 
nostratibus Ferdinandum Hueppe, medicinae doctorem, curae vale- 
tudinis professorem publicum ordinarium, adlegavimus, qui Vniversitatis 
Carolinae Ferdinandeae Pragensis, quae est inter Germanicas omnium 
antiquissima, salutationem et gratulationem Academiae Vestrae deferret 
interessetque caerimoniis. 

Pacis perpetuae muneribus florens Vniversitas Aberdonensis, litte- 
rarum artiumque alma cultrix, Scotiae decus et ornamentum, in dies 
clarius splendeat gloriaque sua sorores aequiperet celeberrimas, Haec 
ominibus faustis prosequimur. Valete ! 
Dat. Kalendis Iuliis a. MCMVI. Praga. 


h. t. universitatis 


[ University of Cracow^ 






^COTORUM natio non solum laude bellica civilique 
iprudentia, sed artium quoque liberalium omnisque 
[Studio philosophiae semper floruit. Poesis quidem 
|Vestra apud omnes summo in honore est et recte 
quidem, nam Musae nunquam delicatius habent auctore 
loanne Barclaio, quam cum inciderint in Scotos. Cuius rei testis splen- 
didus, ut unus e multis proferatur, Walterus Scott exsistit, nam carmina 
eius melliflua ab Eduardo Odyniec in linguam Polonam versa iuventuti 
nostrae in deliciis sunt. Philosophia vero Scotica quantam vim 
habuerit ad promovendam animorum culturam, quis ignorat? Medio 
quidem aevo Duns Scotus per scholas Christianas late regnavit, cuius 
subtilem disputandi rationem nostra quoque universitas per saecula plura 
alacritate egregia est secuta. Neque saeculis recentioribus imminuta est 
Philosophiae Vestrae actio foecundans et ingeniosa. Quidquid enim 
sentire quis voluerit de Davide Hume eiusque ratione contra omnia 
disserendi, negare non poterit eius paradoxis insolitis non solum Europam 
fuisse commotam, sed quod maius est, doctrinas omnino novas in lucem 
editas. Quod Emmanueli Kant multisque aliis apud omnes fere nationes 
evenit. Eadem tamen, quae Davidem Hume patria genuit, efficax 
dubitationum eius comparavit remedium Vestraque Universitas gloriam 
consecuta est nunquam perituram ut labefactatas et concussas agendi 
cogitandique rationes in pristinam restitueret dignitatem. Nam novae 
princeps Scholae, quae vulgo Scotica appellatur, Thomas Reid universitatis 


vestrae et alumnus fuit et professor innumerique discipuli ejus ac sectatores 
famam haud communem existimationemque ubique terrarum sibi con- 
ciliarunt. Tantum autem vigoris erat in schola ista, ut tot doctrinis 
collapsis, tot nominibus gloriosis oblivioni datis, novas semper facultates 
ostenderet mutatisque temporum conditionibus formulas suas accommodans, 
animis veri cupidis viam rectam monstraret et securam. Quod in Gallia 
quidem Royer Collard et Victor Cousin, apud vos autem Guilelmus 
Hamilton et Henricus Longueville Mansel non absque prospero perfecerunt 
successu, ita ut spes adsit certa inconcussa, etiam in posterum Philosophiam 
Scoticam fore indagandae veritatis omnisque humanitatis adiutricem in- 
defessam. Cum vero ratio ista et disciplina a Vestra potissimum uni- 
versitate originem sumpserit suam, rogamus Deum Optimum Maximum, 
gratiarum Datorem omnium, ut etiam hoc saeculo novo, quod iam Quintum 
est Vestrae industriae bene meritae omnique laude dignissimae, beneficia 
numero carentia in Vos conferat Vosque benigne adiuvet ad magna omnia, 
quae spectatis, gloriose assequenda. Haec ex animo intimo gratulantes, 
omnia Vobis fausta precamur. Valete nobisque favete. Iterum valete. 


D. Stephanus Pawlicki, 

h. t. rector. 


[University of Vienna. '\ 

Q. B. F. F. F. Q. S. 


S. PL. D. 






ViNDOBONAE Mense Septembri Anni MDCCCCVI. 




[ University of Graz.'] 




Dabamus Graecii Die I^o Augusti MCMVI, 


H. T. Rectoy. 

H. T. Prorector. 

[University of Innsbruck.'] 

^te Uniijerfitdt 3nu§0rucf 

entbietet tev 

Untoerfitdt ^berbcen 

icarmfteu @ru^. 

2)ie Stwwti i>on l?ev feltenen ?^eicr, welc^e bie jiibilicrenDe Unberfitdt 

2l6evbeen unter ben Slufpicieu 3f)re6 _^oc^ftnnigen fcniglic^en ©c^irm^errn^ 

bege^t, ^ai aUerorteu, foweit bie SBiffenfc^aft ba^ 'Jteic^ i{)rer geiftigen 5JJac^t 

erftrecft, freubigften 3Biebert)aU gefunben. 2luc^ 9teftor unb ^tnat ber Alma 

mater Oenipontana ^aben ^k\z 33ot[(^aft mit l)er5lic^er ^ei(nai)me t)erttommen 

unb fuf|{en fic^ f|oc^gee^rt unb begliicft, im ^JJamen bev Unwerfttiit ^ulbtgung 

unb @lucfn)unfc^ barjubringen. 


2)artn tjat bie banfbare 9la(^tt)elt ju attcn ^utm cine fd^one *4^fltc^t 
erfannt unb geubt, nid^t Mod bie (Srinnerung an grofe, in i^ren ^olcjen 
bebeutfame ©relgniffe: bie ©runbung t»on ©taaten unb <Stdbten, ru^mreic^e 
i?ampfe unb @iege ^u feiern, fonbern and} bad 2(nbenfen wa^r^aft grower 
SJianner unb ben Urfprung fegcndreic^er 3nftitutionen feftlid^ ju bege^en. 

2Be(c^e Sebeutung bie Uniserfitatcn ^aben, beren t)orne^mfte 2lufga6e bavin 
beftef)t, burc^ (SrfenntniS ber 3Caf)r[)eit bad menfc&Hc^e 2)a(ein ^u verebeln, 
beffen ftnb \x>ix und SlKe 6en)uft unb fu()(en un6 in biefem 53ett)upt[ein ge# 
f)oben. 2Ber fie nur aid '"Jflittd ju nii^Uc^en 3tt)ecfen betra($tet, ^at nic^td 
son if)rer 2Bei^e empfangen. !l)enn tt»ie bie (Sntfte^ung ber f)of)en 6c^u(en 
einen 2Benbepunft in ber ©efd^ic^te beg inteUeftueUen Sebend bejeid^nete, [0 ^aben 
fte aud^ fortan baf)nbrec^enb unb jielfu^renb eingegriffen in ben (Sntn)icftungd^ 
gang ber ?!J?en[d&{)eit unb in brangenbem unb fc^affenbem 93ortt)drtdftreben an 
ber (Sntfaltung unb ©ro^e ber 28iffen[c&aft ben reic^ften Stnteil genommen. 

2)anfbar ubernimmt ber tt)a^re @eief)rte unb ber ed werben tt)ilt, bie 
Uberlieferung, urn fie getautert, bereic^ert unb »erebe(t jenen ju ^interiaffen, bie 
nac^ if)m fein werben. 60 entfte^t bad grofe ©emeingut ber 2Biffenfd^aft, 
beffen S3en^ 2(Uen ge^ort, bie i£)n erringen ^alfen. 

3)od^ nic^t bem e()rtt)urbigen Sllter ©uerer ^od^f(^uIe atlein gi(t biefe 
Beier. @on)ie ben tDaf)ren Slbei bed ^JOlenfc^en nic^t bie (ange 9teii$e feiner 
2I^nen audmacf)t, fonbern fein innerer ^ern, bad ttjad er getan, gebad^t, 
gefd^affen ^um 2Bo^(e feiner ^^JJitmenfd^en, alfo bilbet fiir @uere Uni^erfitdt 
nidi;t nur if)r f)of)ed, auf bie ©tiftung bed foniglid^en i?oUegd unb bad ?$unba# 
ment ^um Kollegium Mariscallanum juriicfreid^enbed 2i(ter, fonbern badjenige, 
tt)ad fie an^ eigener £raft geworben, weld^e ^o()e fie fic^ errungen f)at, tt)ie 
fie eine ^eimftdtte bed ©eifted unb ber SBaf)r{)eit n)arb, nne bad »or t)ier# 
f)unbert 3af)ren ge)3flanjte ©amenforn, gepflegt »on tteuer «^anb, taufenbfdltig 
fruc^tbar ^ur golbenen 5(f)re fd^woU, it)ren @to(j unb if)re 53erec^tigung ttjomit 
jie eintritt in ta^ fiinfte 3a^rf)unbert i^rer rut)mreic^en 3^dtigfeit. 

3n biefem (Sinne faffen wir bie 33ebcutung ber 3ubelfeier unb ben 
frommen ©ebanfen auf, ber in ©uerer lieben 33otfd^aft ^um Sludbrucf gebrac^t 
ift unb f)offen ^utierftd^tlid^, baf bad 2Berf (Suerer SSdter mit ©otted S3eiftanb 
unter bem ®c^u^ unb ©d^irm ©uered geliebten ^errfc^erd ^ur beftimmten 3«it 
bie ^rijnung erfa^ren ttjerbe. 

5!Koge bie Universitas Aberdonensis immerbar bleiben eine Sc^ule bed 
?ebend im ebetften Sinnc bed ^Sorted, eine ^flegeftatte freien 3)?annedfinncd, 
eine fefte (Sduie im Seben bed (Sinjetnen n?ie bed ©taated. 

Unb fo fei (Sf)re, ^reid unb ©ebei^en (Suerer Univerfitdt wie mit SlUen, 
ttjelc^e an ibren' ©efc^tdfen tei(nef)men unb f)eute n){e in fommenben 3^agen fic^ 
if)r in ^^reue unb SBof)(n)oUen ^ur <Seite ftetten. 

^rof. SI. 0. 2Sretfc^fo 

fur ben protector. 
^rof. 3)r. 3of. 5fleoinni) 
fKcctov ^WagnificuiJ. 

3nns6ru(f, im ©eptember 1906. 


[ University of Buda-Pesth,'] 


Ordinesque Professorum 
Regiae Scicntiarum Universitatis Hungaricac Budapestinensis 

Inclyto Senatui 

Universitatis Aberdonensis 

S, P. D, 

ITTERIS Vestris ad nos perhumaniter datis maximo 
jcum gaudio Vos medio mense Septembri a. c. Aca- 
jdemiae Vestrae feliciter peracti anni quadringentesimi 
sollemnia celebraturos esse legimus. Gratias Vobis 
,agimus, Viri praestantissimi, quod laeto cum hoc 
nuntio ad has ferias saeculares nos quoque benignissime familiaris- 
simeque invitatos esse volueritis. His festis Suae Maiestatis Eduardi 
VI I». praesentia auspicatis per legatos publice missos gratulationes 
nostras, caritatem votaque testamur, ex animi sententia optantes, ut per 
sequentia quoque saecula Universitas Vestra floreat et crescat, Haec vero 
charta, sigillo Universitatis munita, in tabulario Universitatis Vestrae 
deposita, perenni sit documento, quam sincere voluerit 'particeps esse gens 
nostra Hungarica inter populos celeberrimos culturae humanae diebus festis 
humanitatis et quam ardenter Vobis omnia bona faustaque precata sit. 
Quod reliquum : V. atque F. P. 
Dabamus Budapestini, in Capite regni Hungariae. 

G. Alexander Kitjlay, 



[University of Louvain.] 

Universitas Lovaniensis | Universitati Aberdonensi | S. P. D. 

Clarissimi Rector Professoresque, 

Vestras honestissimas litteras quibus nos de festis diebus, quos 
in illustrissima Aberdonensi Universitate acturi estis, certiores fecistis, cum 
gaudio accepimus. 

Semper enim, qualia nunc sunt vincula quae omnes doctos in toto 
orbe inter se conjungunt, unius doctorum societatis gaudia sunt, ut sic 
dicamus, omnibus communia. 

At in praesenti vestra recordatio invitatioque nobis maxime grata fuit 
quod ad nos ex Universitate Aberdonensi antiqua ilia et celeberrima 
nobilissimae Scotorum gentis venit. 

Quapropter nobis gratissimum erat legatum ad vos mittere qui vestri 
gaudii particeps praesens foret et nostras gratulationes ad vos perferret, 
Sed, quod vehementer dolemus, nemo fuit inter nos qui mense Septembr 
iter ad vestram urbem facere possit. 

At, vobiscum illis diebus conjuncti, Deo Optimo Maximo gratias 
agemus quod per quatuor saecula vestram nobilissimam Universitatem 
foverit, in hoc que novum saeculum, cujus exordium mox celebraturi estis, 
vobis cuncta prospera illustriaque vovemus precamusque. 


A. Hebbelynck, 

Univ. Rector. 

Univ. a Seer. 


\University of Ghent.'] 

Universitas Gandavensis 

Universitati Aberdonensi 

S. P. D. 

fUOD quadringentesima Universitatis Vestrae natalicia 
rite celebraturi nos humane et comiter rogatis ut festos 
illos Vobiscum agamus dies, gratiam Vobis habemus 
maximam, optantibusque legatum decreto Academici 
Consilii electum mittimus, qui vota nostra Vobis nun- 

Per multas iam aetates humaniorum litterarum doctrinaeque cultum 
ultra antiqui confinia mundi usque ad Hyperboreum propagastis Oceanum, 
et ita iam crevit fama Vestra ut ad Phryges Galatasque et truces Tauri 
pervenerit gentes. 

Et nunc maiores oriuntur spes. Inventus est enim vir strenuus et 
liberalis, Caledoniae filius, cuius munificentia Vos ingentibus divitiis ornaret. 
Itaque amplissimis aedificiis conditis, omnibus studiorum instrumentis 
commoditatibusque congestis, non est dubium quin magis atque magis 
scientiarum terminos promoturi sitis laudemque Vestram amplificaturi. 
Magnus ab integro saeclorum nascitur ordo. 
Academiae Vestrae novis opibus copiisque renovatae ex animo gratu- 
lamur et multorum iam lustrorum felicitate splendentibus Vobis diuturni- 
ores etiam prosperioresque in futurum proventus auguramur. 
Dabamus Gandavi Kal. Iul. MCMVI. 

P. Thomas, 

Univ. Gandav, Rector. 


[ University of Brussels^ 

A Messieurs les Chancelier, Vice-Chancelier 
et Membres du Senat academique 
de rUniversite d' Aberdeen 

Messieurs et tres honores Collegues, 

L'Universite de Bruxelles est heureuse d'adresser a sa soeur ain^e 
d'Aberdeen les felicitations les plus chaleureuses et les plus sinceres a 
Toccasion du memorable anniversaire que vous vous preparer a cel^brer. 

L'Ecosse a figure de tout temps au premier rang des nations qui ont 
favoris(! I'essor des lettres et des sciences. La part eminente que ses 
enfants ont prise dans le progres des artsliberauxet dans I'avancement de 
la civilisation est due, pour beaucoup, a I'influence de ses Universites 
qui, depuis leur fondation a la fin du moyen age, n'ont cess6 de briller 
comme autant de foyers de lumicre et qui continuent a developper leur 
enseignement suivant toutes les exigences de la culture moderne. 

Parmi ces centres 6ducateurs, I'Universite d'Aberdeen n'est pas un 
des moins glorieux. Fondee au commencement du XVI. ^ siecle, alors 
que la Renaissance avait deja assure le reveil de I'esprit humain et que la 
reformation preparait I'afifranchissement des consciences, non seulement 
elle a victorieusement traverse les crises religieuses et politiques qui ont 
suivi sa naissance, mais encore elle y a puise des nouveaux elements de 
stabilite et de prestige. 

Des le XIV, ^ siecle des relations intimes s'^taient etablies sur le 
terrain commercial entre I'Ecosse et les provinces maritimes de la Belgique. 
Ces relations ont continue sur le terrain moral et intellectuel. Cependant, 
aujourd'hui, I'horizon international s'est elargi, et, quand notre jeune Uni- 
versite vient vous apporter le tribut de ses sympathies et de ses hommages, 
c'est une affirmation de la solidarite qui fait de la science une seule 


patrie, en attendant qu'elle reunisse toutes les nations civilisees dans une 
meme communion de travail et de paix. 

Puisse rUniversite d' Aberdeen jouir longtemps encore de la reputa- 
tion et de la prosperity qui sont les fruits de son developpement quatre 
fois seculaire. Puisse-t-elle attendre avec une croissante serenite la fin 
du nouveau siecle qu'elle inaugure afin de celebrer avec les memes satis- 
factions et les memes concours son demi-millenaire d'existence. 


LE 15 SePTEMBRE 1906. 


Le Secretaire de V Unlversite. \ I Le Recteur de V Universite. 

[ University of Sophia.^ 

Handed in at Sophia 5 p.m., 24th September. 
To University of Aberdeen : — 


Recteur Gheorgow. 


\University of Copenhagen?^ 



ferias saeculares his diebus celebranti salutem plurimam dicit et 

quadringentos annos bene exactos ex animo gratulatur. 

Gens Scotorum, iam medii aevi temporibus animi sollertia et ingenii 
acumine Celebris, summo semper studio maximoque successu bonas artes 
litterasque coluit. Testantur hoc tres Academiae iam XV. saeculo fundatae, 
quibus saeculo sequenti quarta accessit : quae omnes usque ad nostram 
aetatem magna laude floruerunt longamque hominibus ostenderunt seriem 
virorum in omni studiorum genere solida doctrina et acuto ingenio clarorum, 
qui et termini, quo prodire humano datur intellectui, iusta habita ratione 
quaestiones tractandas prudenter et subtiliter ponere scierunt et communi 
sensu instructi in studiis colendis vitae humanae usus necessarios spectandos 
eisque ius suum reddendum esse intellexerunt. Horum igitur opera cum 
per omnes Scoticae nationis ordines vera humanitas sensim late diffundere- 
tur, hanc laudem Scotica est adepta, ut in omnibus, quae ad honestum 
civium cultum augendum et propagandum pertinent, procurandis emi- 
nentem inter ceteras gentes obtineret locum; sed etiam ultra Scotiae fines 
labores eorum effectum suum cum magno humani generis profectu ex- 
tenderunt. Nam praeter ceteras parvas nationes interque eas Danicam 
Scoti hoc praecipuum habent, quod, cum terra ipsorum satis angustis finibus 
circumscribatur, magni tamen imperii Britannici ex aequo cum Anglis parti- 
cipes sunt linguamque cum iis communicant, quo fit, ut servata et exculta 
propria sua nationis indole hac lingua per magnam orbis terrarum partem 
disseminata et ubique fere nota usi quodammodo totum hominum erudi- 
torum caetum alloqui potuerint. 

Danorum quoque gens, mari interfiiso magis fere cum Scotis Anglis- 
que coniuncta quam ab iis dissociata, simulque ob quandam indolis et in- 
genii cognationem praecipuo quodam modo ad ea, quae in litteris et artibus 
ingenia Vestra effecerunt, sentienda et percipienda opta, multa se Vobis 
debere ingenue fatetur, Ideoque hac oblata occasione gratum Vobis 
animum testamur, simul optantes, ut Universitati Aberdonensi in futurum 
quoque, sicut usque ad hunc diem, litterarum studiis strenuam fructuosam- 
que operam cum sua gloria detur impendere. 

Dabamus Hauniae a,d. XII. Kal. Octobres MDCCCCVl. 

Christian Bohr. Jul. Lassen. 


[University of Paris.'] 


Doctissimi et lUustrissimi Viri, 

|UM prae dulcissima Vestram inter et Nostram gentem 
jamdudum vigente amicitia Scotici nihil a nobis alienum 
putemus, summo quidem gaudio et consensu res Uni- 
versitatis Vestrae omnimodo crescentes prosequimur. 
Et Saecularibus hisce Feriis eo magis interesse juvat, 
[quod splendidae jam inaugurandae sunt aedes, quarum 
ope Universitas Vestra, antiquam speciem moresque 
antiquos servatura, crescenti discipulorum numero necnon varietati studi- 
orum satisfacere valebit : adeo nova cum veteribus apte componere Vobis 
insitum innatumque est ! 

Atque ea est rursus in hoc opere similitude, quae Aberdonensem cum 
Parisiensi Universitate arctius conjungat. Nam et Nostra nuper amplior 
et majestate Scientiae dignior denuo exstructa est Sorbona, ita tamen ut 
aedium habitus temporibus nostris aptaretur potius quam immutaretur. 
Decet enim Scientiae templi aedificatorem praecepto Verulamii obtem- 
perare monentis ne, ut recentia adjiciamus, Vetera prorsus eliminemus et 

Nunc autem, ineunte saeculo novo, cum gratulatione Nostra vota ad 
Vos deferimus, precantes ut ex tarn sedula tamque sollerti industria uberior 
in dies seges efflorescat. Sic antiqua ilia civitas, quae non tantum opificibus 
suis ac mercatoribus, sed et poetis, philosophis, scriptoribus et doctis viris 
magnopere gloriatur, etiam posthac in nobili illo gentium concursu de 
augenda generis humani virtute ac decore certantium dignum suo nomine 
locum obtinebit. 

Quod et nobis et caeteris gentibus optatissimum eveniet. Haec enim 
est studiorum vis, ut non solum erigendis mentibus et augendis commodis 
vitae, sed etiam conciliandae inter homines concordiae et amicitae quam 
maxime conducant. Et libet antiquum Vestrum gallice dictum : Boti 
accord ! ad totam generis humani familiam directum clamitare. 

Dabamus Lutetiae Parisiorum in Sorbona, 
Kal. Sept. MCMVI. 

Universitatis Parisiensis Praeses. 

Em. Boutroux, 

Univ. Paris. Professor. 


[University of Montpellier.'] 

A L'Universite D'Aberdeen 
L'Universit6 de Montpellier. 

L'Universite de Montpellier est heureuse de repondre a I'invitation 
qui lui vient d' Aberdeen. 

Elle se rappelle avec fierte qu'en 1890 les Universites ecossaises 
avaient tenu a honneur de se faire representer aux fetes de son sixieme 
centenaire, et elle garde un souvenir reconnaissant du cordial accueil que 
dans des occasions pareilles elles ont reserve a ses delegues. 

II y a d'ailleurs entre les Universites d'Ecosse et celle de Mont- 
pellier d'autres liens que ceux qui se nouent les jours de fete. On 
releverait dans les registres de notre vieille Faculte de Medecine des noms 
d'etudiants ecossais en assez grand nombre, et pendant ces vingt dernieres 
annees il s'est etabli des relations fecondes entre vos Universites et notre 
Institut de botanique. 

Nous esperons bien que, sous I'influence de la ligue franco-ecossaise, 
et grSce a I'invitation de vos Summer-Meetings, les etudiants de Mont- 
pellier, suivant I'exemple des votres, iront faire connaissance avec votre 
beau pays, et travailler pour leur part a cette penetration reciproque des 
esprits et des coeurs, seul soutien solide et durable de cette "entente 
cordiale " a laquelle nous attachons tant de prix. 

Au nom des souvenirs qui nous unissent dej4, et dans I'esperance que 
nos traditions de confraternite scientifique ne feront que se fortifier dans 
I'avenir, L'Universite de Montpellier apporte a la vielle et glorieuse 
University d' Aberdeen ses voeux de longue vie et de prosperite. 


{^University of Caen.'] 


Entre les Universites d'Ecosse et celles de France, I'amitie seculaire 
des deux pays a noue des liens singulierement etroits. Nees pour la 
plupart vers le meme temps, et de constitution a peu pres pareille, elles 
n'ont cesse, durant une longue periode, d'echanger, pour leur bien mutuel, 
methodes, maitres et etudiants. 

Reconnaissants de tout ce que, dans le passe, nous devons a I'exemple 
et a renseignement des Ecossais, fiers des quelques services que nous avons 
pu leur rendre en retour, c'est avec joie que nous voyons la prosperite et le 
renom toujours grandissants de leurs Universites, et c'est avec empresse- 
ment que nous venons leur exprimer nos sentiments de vieille et intime 

A I'occasion du quatrieme centenaire que vous allez celebrer, I'Uni- 
versite de Caen adresse a celle d' Aberdeen, sa soeur a peine cadette, son 
salut le plus cordial et ses voeux les plus sinceres, 

Puisse I'avenir de I'Universite d' Aberdeen repondre a son glorieux 
passe, le surpasser meme ! Puissent aussi subsister toujours, entre Ecos- 
sais et Frangais, I'estime, la confiance et I'amitie qui ont de tout temps uni 
leurs peres ! 

Le Recteur, Le Conseil 

Caen, ier Septembre, igo6. 


[ University of Besanqon . ] 

Universitatis Bisuntinae Rector et Senatus Universitati 

S. P. D. 

Quod a vobis, viri doctissimi atque ornatissimi, tarn comiter ac liber- 
aliter invitamur, ut in partem laetitiae vestrae veniamus, valde gaudemus 
et gratias agimus maximas. Ecquid suavius sit quam caetibus vestris rite 
interesse, et fraternas manus conjungere ? Neque enim ipsa longinquitate 
locorum effici potuit, ut nulla inter nos existeret animorum propinquitas. 
Nam et Universitas nostra vestrae soror est aetata vix inaequalis, et Scotiam 
istam cum regionum pulchritudine, turn multa litterarum laude insignem, 
nee non veteris cum majoribus nostris commercii memoria, sanctissima 
vero etiam hospitiorum consuetudine ac fide, quae vel apud humilHmum 
quemque in proverbium venit, celebratissimam, nemo est nostratium qui 
non aliquo modo norit, aut non diligat. Quid quod recentius modico 
quidem, sed gratissimo civium vestrorum concursu, qui quotannis perdis- 
cendae linguae gallicae causa Sequaniam hanc petunt, praesertim puellarum, 
quibus nihil honestius est aut festivius, prisca ilia amicitia tanquam re- 
virescens novo cultu effloruit? Quo magis dolemus, fato quodam ita 
comparatum esse, ut neminem nostrorum praesenti saltern tempore ad 
vos adlegari posse speremus. At certe laetantibus vobis hospitibusque 
vestris aderimus animis, neque vel absentes aut litterarum rei publicae aut 
humanae paci defuerimus. Ut omnia in agendis feriis saecularibus fauste 
ac feliciter succedant, tota mente optamus : ceterum, quaecumque in- 
ceperitis, Deum Optimum Maximum velimus fortunare. 

Dabamus Vesontione, Kal. Apr. MCMVl. 


Univ. Bisunt. Rector. 


[ University of Clermont. \ 

Universitas Claromontensis 

amplissimae Aberdonensi Universitati 

S. P. D. 

Vobis, Doctissimi Viri, Ferias Saeculares mense Septembri in- 
staurantibus novasque simul scholas iuventuti studiosae accommodatas 
inaugurantibus prono favemus animo, et Vobiscum Deo Optimo Maximo 
gratias agimus debitas. Quantae praeterea nobis delectationi fuerint 
profitemur litterae quibus Vos cupire notum facitis Universitatem nostram 
eorum quae indixistis sollemnium participem fieri. 

Honoratissimum igitur Rectorem, Alfred UM CoviLLE, ex coetu 
nostro adlegavimus, qui nos ita sentire apud vos testificaretur, gaudiis caeri- 
moniisque vestris amicus hospesque interesset, et Vobis praesens nostro 
gratuletur nomine. 

Dabamus Claromonte 
Kal. Augustas MDCCCCVI. 


Reel. Acad. Claromontensis 

Praes. Sen. Universitatis. 


[ University of Lille. "l 

NIVERSITATI Aberdinensi Universitas Insulensis 
)salutem affert et veram gratulationem hoc festo die 
quo ea completum gloriose quadringentesimum annum 
' celebrat. 

Longum illud mortalium rerum spatium cum vestra 
Universitas respicit, coloni instar qui demessum late agrum oculis metitur, 
ilia quidem et exacto labore simul gloriari potest et maximas in futurum 
tempus spas alere. 

Magnum enim proventum edidit alma parent in Htteris, in scientiis, in 
bellica arte, rerum civilium scientia illustrium, qui per omnem terrarum 
orbem Britannise nomen, opes, gloriam propagaverunt. Ea profecto fuit 
Scotiae natura, ea scotics in studiis disciplinae fortuna ut strenuos et habiles 
ad omnes vitae usus homines permultos produxerit, ita ut aeque in Arctica 
vel Antarctica glacie, in Africae solitudinibus, in Asiae montibus et palu- 
dibus, in Americae spatiis silvisque, nulla sit regio, nullus fere campus quin 
alicujus scoticarum Universitatum discipuli nomen firmiter ibi infingatur 
et adhaereat. Itaque nemo non confitebitur vestras Universitates optime 
de genere humano meritas esse quae illos non tantum audacia, patientia, 
fortitudine praeditos viros genuerunt informaverunt que, sed et justitiae et 
humanitatis semper observantes. 

Quare Universitatis Aberdonensis continuatam fecunditatem et 
provectam gloriam exoptamus ; praecipue inter tam multa quae hodie ad 
vos ex omnibus orbis partibus affluunt vota, nulla precamur nostris 
sinceriora putetis, nulla amoris pleniora, cum propter antiquam Scotiae 
Gallia;que societatem et amicitiam, tum propter praesentem et omnibus 
gratam nostrorum animorum concordiam. 


[University of Lyon.] 

Universitas Lugudunensis 
Universitati Aberdonensi S. P. D. 

^UOD in eo est, ornatissimi viri, ut ferias saeculares 
instauretis, quibus celebretur annus a primis Academiae 
Ivestrae initiis quadringentesimus, vere ac vehementer 
gratulamur vobis, consentimusque laeti, cum intelle- 
gamus plurimum valere apud vos et praeteriti temporis 
magistrorum memoriam et perpetuandae doctrinae curam, egregium 
docentibus mortalitatis solacium. Quod autem benigna invitatione 
iubetis mitti aliquem nostrum, qui caerimoniis amicus atque hospes 
intersit, agnoscimus nobilem iamdiu apud omnes cultiores populos 
humanitatem. Itaque oblatum honorem accepimus et maximas agimus 
gratias perlubenter, neque tamen sine quadam verecundia, quippe cum 
senectus, vigens ea quidem et iuventuti simillima, provocet officiis adu- 
escentiam. Quis enim neget vix adulescentem esse, prae quattuor saeculis 
vestris, nostram Universitatem, quae primum aetatis saeculum nondum 
expleverit? Dabimus operam, ut de nomine eius, qui a nobis legatus 
erit, vos certiores faciamus opportune. Placet vero iam nunc sollenni 
votorum nuncupatione fungi : vivatis valeatis, ornatissimi viri, vivat floreat 
crescat Universitas Aberdonensis. 

scribebamus luguduni a.d. iii. nonas 
Apriles a. MCMVI, 

Univ. Liigud. Rector. 


[University of Heidelberg^ 





S. D. P. 

'UOD vos, viri amplissimi, saecularia quarta celebraturi 
vestrae academiae eiusque nova splendida domicilia 
iconsecraturi nos quoque in communis gaudii et sollem- 
'nitatis societatem vocare voluistis, sane pergratum 
nobis erat. 

Venerabundi enim perlustramus historiae aca- 
demiae Aberdonensis quattuor saecula : ecce humanitatis ac disciplinae 
Scotorum, quin etiam omnium Germanorum usque ad hunc diem propa- 
gatae et auctae pars haud exigua ! Aetata iam ilia, qua Germanis Philippus 
noster Melanchthon, Scotis loannes Knox datus est, qua novus quasi rerum 
et religionum nascebatur ordo, surculus ille, quem seruit in terra Scotica 
" bonus episcopus," procreare coepit tempestivos fructus, futuri praesagium 
incrementi. Ex eodem agro uberrimo vere illo ecclesiae reformatae iam 
deflorescente alia crescebat arbor felicissima. 

Deinde nostris temporibus duae scholae Aberdonenses coniunctae sunt 
in unam : quod olim de conditoris William Elphinstone senectute dice- 
bant, hodie de almae matris Aberdonensis quadringenariae iuventute 
benedicunt sorores academiae gratulantes : beata est et venerabilis. 

Inter sorores ingreditur Ruperto-Carola Heidelbergensis ex imo animo 
gratulata : omnes enim sicut Heidelbergae cum Scotia, ita nobis civibus 
academicis cum vobis Aberdonensibus sunt amicitiae et necessitudines, 
coniunctae non hodie nee nuper, immo iam quinto decimo post Christum 

Die enim XX. mensis Decembris anni 1423 primus omnium Scotorum 
civibus academicis Heidelbergensibus adscriptus est loannes Maluil, die V. 
mensis Mail 1434 primus dioecesanus Aberdonensis Duncanus de Lythonn. 
Saeculis vero insequentibus cum multorum aliorum Scotorum tum com- 



plurium Aberdonensium nomina albo nostro addita sunt, quae litterarum 
gloria floruerunt et in ipsis vestrae academiae annalibus laudata sunt et 
data praecipuis honoribus. Reducere Hceat vobis in memoriam nomina 
nonnulla. Anno 1 599 tabulis nostris adscriptus est M, Gwalterus Donalt- 
sonus Aberdonensis, postea professor et rector Sedanensis ; anno 1605 
Alexander Andersonus Abrepdonensis, postea scriptor mathematicus 
celeberrimus ; anno 1607 loannes Camero Scotus, postea professor 
Sedanensis et ecclesiasticus Burdegalensis, deinde professor Londinensis, 
Glasgoviensis, Montalbanensis. Unius vero sideris quasi tria lumina et 
in nostra academia illucescebant : lohnstonos tres dicimus, quorum loannes 
1587, Arturus 1599, Guilielmus 1603 libris nostris inserti sunt. Ac claris- 
simus omnium, qui postea unus erat ex illis sex "doctoribus Aberdon- 
ensibus," M. loannes Forbesius vester, ad diem XXIV. mensis Maii 161 3 
in albis nostris " Scoto-Bryttanus " inscriptus est. 

Si quidem memores sumus iisdem temporibus permultos Germaniae 
filios in Britannia et Scotia studiis operam dedisse, si bene scimus tale 
veritatis et literarum commercium inter consanguineas gentes usque ad 
hunc diem florere, licet re vera nobis amicis et quasi fratribus academicis 
concelebrare vestram laetitiam, vestra sollemnia. Magnus ab integro 
saeclorum nascitur ordo — adgredere o magnos, aderit iam tempus, honores ! 
Sic cum Vergilio hodie nos vobis vaticinamur, sic precamur, sic exoptamus. 

Quae vota ut nostro nomine coram nuncupentur, legatus a nobis 
nominatus est collega noster AdoLFUS Deissmann, theologiae doctor et 
in nostra universitate professor ordinarius, ordinis theologorum decanus 
spectabilis. Valete et nobis favete. 

Dr. theol. et phil. E. Troeltsch, 

h. s. Prorector. 
Dabamus Heidelbergae die IX. MENSIS Septembris MDCCCCVI. 


\University of Wurzhurgl\ 

Universitas Julia Maximiliana 


universitati Aberdonensi 

S. D. P. 

fUM omnes universitates communi veritatis amore atque 
communi scientiae culta ita inter se conexae sint, ut ne 
^mare quidem disiungendi vim habeat, consentaneum 
est nos maxima voluptate perlegisse litteras vestras 
humanas, quibus certiores facti sumus vos medio mense 
ISeptembri diem natalem quadringentesimum aca- 
demiae vestrae summo splendore celebraturos esse. 
Ac sane lubentissimo animo invitationem vestram benignam secuti aliquem 
e coUegio nostro misissemus, qui caerimoniis atque sollemnibus vestris inter- 
esset et praesenti facundia sensus nostros expromeret ; at multa, quae hie 
pluribus persequi a re alienum est, obstiterunt, quominus id quod nobis in 
optatis erat exsequeremur. Itaque coacti sumus hisce modestis litteris 
laetitiam nostram significare vobisque sincere et ex animo gratulari, quod 
quartum saeculum academiae vestrae feliciter peractum vidistis. Variam 
fortunam universitas vestra, quae ex auctoritate pontificis summi Romani 
condita est, experta est hac longa annorum serie, sed difficultates, quibuscum 
conflictabatur, eluctata est prosperrime omnes ac cum ei contigisset, ut 
Collegium Mariscallanum, quod in eadem urbe alterius universitatis locum 
tenebat, sibi adiungeret, nullum iam impedimentum fuit, quominus coniunctis 
viribus maiora in dies incrementa caperet. Sed floris, in quo nunc academia 
vestra est, vos, collegae omatissimi atque amplissimi, auctores estis ; nam 
duplici munere academico praeclare ita fungimini, ut et innumerabiles 
adulescentes sana et ab omnibus praeiudicatis opinionibus libera doctrina 
imbuatis et scientiam egregiis iuventis excolatis atque augeatis. Hanc 
tantam gloriam, quam vestrum ingenium atque vester labor peperit, 
speramus posteros quoque retenturos esse utpote maxime strenuos veritatis 
cultores fortissimos libertatis defensores acerrimos vanae superstitionis 
insectatores, ita ut universitas Aberdonensis mansura sit usque ad re- 
motissimam aetatem cum universae Britanniae turn maxime Scotiae dulce 
decus ac praesidium. 


Dr. Theodor Boveri, 

Rector h. t. universitatis yuliae Maximilianae, 


[ University of Leipzig. ] 





S. D. P. 




Dabamus LiPsiAii Die XXV. Mensis Iulii Anni MDCCCCVI. 

Dr. Gerhard Seeliger, 

A. t. Rector. 


[[/mverstYy of Rostock.^ 


















[University of Greifswald.'] 

Greifswald, im September 1906. 

lER Universitat Aberdeen entbietet zur vierhundert- 
Jahrigen Jubelfeier ihrer Begrlindung herzlichen Gruss 
und Gliickwunsch ihre altere deutsche Schwester — 
die Universitat Greifswald. 

Als hohe Warte der Wissenschaft an Schottlands 
Kliste begriindet, hat die Universitat Aberdeen vier Jahrhunderte 
hindurch von Stiirmen umbraust und in friedlichen Zeiten mit glanzen- 
dem Erfolge die hohen Kulturaufgaben erfiillt, die ihr von ihrem hoch- 
herzigen Begriinder, Bischof Elphinstone, gestellt waren. 

Mit Stolz und Befriedigung mag sie zuriickblicken auf die ungezahl- 
ten Scharen von Jiinglingen, die sie gewappnet mit den Waffen der 
Wissenschaft zum Kampfe fiir das Heil ihres Heimatlandes, auf die 
reichen Schatze, die sie zu heben gelehrt, zum Heile der Menschheit. 

Von gleichem Streben beseelt nimmt die Universitat Greifswald 
herzlichen Anteil an dem frohen Jubelfeste der Universitat Aberdeen. 

Moge der alte, feste und treue schottische Geist weiter walten an der 
alma mater Aberdonensis wie bisher, und moge ihr helles Licht leuchten 
iiber Schottlands Berge, Taler und Seen bis in die fernsten Zeiten ! 

Rektor und Senat, 



[University of Freiburg im Breisgau.] 


















[University of Munich. ^ 

Vniversitas Monacensis 
S. D. 


Ecce Vestrae litterae, quibus quintum saeculum laborum feracium 
gloriaeque continuae feliciter initum sollemniter Vos esse concelebraturos 

Nos et hanc memoriam veterem venerabilem Vestri non aemuli nisi 
reputatis initiis Ingolstadiensibus ex animo gratulamur et quod differendi 
dies festos tarn laetabilis extiterit causa qualem indicatis ; utinam nova 
ilia aula novaque aedificia novae perpetuaeque prosperitatis testes sint. 

In magna spe fuimus fore ut aliquis collega animi nostri in Vos grati 
et propitii coram esset interpres ; quam spem subito concidisse dolemus. 
Ita quod possumus per litteras limina Vestra adimus et saecularia tempora 
candidissimus votis prosequimur optantes ut inter tot doctorum corpora, 
quorum studiis et laboribus consociantur et conciliantur homines popu- 
lique natione et regione diversi, etiam Vestra Vniversitas vigeat floreatque 

Dabamus Monaci Kal. Iun. MDCCCCVI. 

Dr. O. Bardenhewer, 

p. T. Rector. 

Dr. R. Einhauser, 



[Umversz'ty of Tubingen.'] 

Universitati Aberdonensi 

S. D. P. 

Universitatis Tubingensis 

Rector Cancellarius Senatus. 

Accepimus litteras Vestras nos humanissime invitantes ut sacra 
sollemnia, quibus quadringentos iam amplius annos feliciter peractos 
celebraturi simulque novam aulam atque nova aedificia in usum iuventutis 
studiosae laute et splendide exstructa inauguraturi estis, mense h. a. 
Septembri Vobiscum legato misso concelebremus. Atque nobis quidem 
magno locorum intervallo disiunctis non licet, quod dolemus, feriis illis 
laetissimis adesse praesentibus, sed omnium artium scientiarumque bonarum 
studiis Vobiscum coniuncti ad Devae fluvii ripas a Nicri ripis coliegas 
collegae salutamus gratulantes et optantes ut alma Vestra litterarum 
Universitas, Scotiae doctae decus et ornamentum priscum, per futura 
quoque saecula perennis maneat floreat crescat. Valete. 

Dabamus Tubingae die XV. mensis Martii anni MDCCCCVI. 

h. t. rector. 


[Umverst'ty of Halle- Wittenberg i\ 


TATI LITTERARVM | ABERDONENSI | cvivs fvndamenta ab- 




h. t. vector magnijicus. 


[ University of Konigsberg^ 

















/ Loc, \ 



[University o/Jena.l 

Q. F. F. F. Q. S. 






























Ienae die XXV. M. Septembris A. MDCCCCVI. 


h. t. Exprorector. 


[ University of Strassburg^ 

2>er Unitier ft tdt 5tbert>een 

ju i^^tem 400 jd^tigcn SuBcIfeftc 

3)te ^atfer 3Sii:^cImgmnitierfttdt. 

)(S9i e^rtt)urMgen Unberfitat 2{berbeen fenbet ^u bem ^ubclfefte 

• i^re^ 400 |df)rigen 33efte{)end tie jungfte if)rer beutfcfeen 

©c^iDeftern if)re e^rfurc^t6»ottften ©viipe unb @(ucfjt)un[c^e. 

3tt)ar ift aucl^ bie @tra§6urger ^oc^fc^ule eine alte 

|Uni»erfitat, ein 5?inb ber 9ieformation unb ber 33eburfniffe, 

bie fid^ in bem ?Ramen freier beutfc^er 5ffiiffen[d^afti jufam^ 

menfaffen. 2tber nacf)bem biefe tt)eftl{c^e ©ren^protiinj 2)eut[c^Ianbg »om alten 

3^atertanbe getrennt ttjorben, ging i^r mit anbern (Srrungenfd^aften beutfd^er 

^ergangen^eit jule^t auc^ i^re [d^onfte ^\tx\it wertoren, bie beutfc^e Univerfitdt. 

Unb erft init bem it)iebererftanbenen 9ieic^ erftanb auc^ bie ®traf burger ^oc^fc^ute, 

nunmef)r eine faiferlii^e unb 2)eutfc^Ianb^ einjige 9teic^6#Uniioerfitdt. 

X>iefer Umftanb tt)irb eg red^tfertigen, baf 9teftor unb ©cnat »on @traf* 

tnug ftc^ erfii^nen, i^rem @ru^e unb ©lucfmunfcf) eine aCfgemeinere SBenbung 

^u geben unb @ie ju bitten, i^n a(g im ^fJamen !X)eutfcl^(anb6 unb ber gefamten 

bcutfd^en SBiffenfc^aft erge{)enb ju betrad^ten. %\i\zx @ruf tt)irb, [o f)offen 

mx, bei 3f)nen auf urn fo freunblic^ere 5lufnat)me recbnen biirfen, a(6 tt^ir 

'Deutfd^en ung mit bem ©eifte unb ttht^ @c^ottlanb6 in be[onber6 enger unb 

na{)er 3Serwanbt[c^a[t fut)(en. 3nbem wir mit ^reuben unfern Cieftor ^u 

36t'em i^efte entfenben, tt)unfd^en tt)ir aber ^ugleic^ ju be^eugen, n)ie tiiel ung 

aud^ auf biefem ©ebiete be6 offentlid^en Scbeng an fjer^Iid^en unb vertrauen^? 

»o(len 53ejief)ungen ju bem gefamten, und [o mannigfa^ yernjanbtcn @rof# 

britannien gelegen ift. 

9Jioge Stberbeeng Sitter fein tt)ie feine 3ugenb! ^iJiogen n?ir ocrbunben 

bleiben in bem ©eifte einer fieien, ber (Srforfc^ung ber 3Baf)rf)eit e^rfurd^tig 

bienenben SBiffenfd^aft, n)ie fie bei 3^nen baf)eim ift! 

@ott fegne bie »ereinigten britifc^en ^onigreid^e! @ott fegne ©c^otttanb 

unb [eine rufjmreid^e Unioerfttdt Slberbeen! 

©trapurg, im ©tptember 1906. 

atettor unb ©enat 
b« Jtaifer ffiiII)ctmS;UntBerfttdt, 

!D. 6menb. 


[University of Giessen.'] 

Academia Ludoviciana Gissensis Universitati 
Litterarum Aberdonensi S. D. P. 

Laetissimum diem quadringentesimum natalem qui bonis auguriis 

faustisque omnibus celebretur ex animi sententia congratulamur academiae 

devanensi scotorum almae matri sorori germanarum plurimas aetate 

praecurrenti. per quattuor enim saecula religioni iuri vitae populorum 

studuit mundum naturamque observavit artes litterasque indefesso labore 

fovit auxit provexit. quare hodie vos officii semper bene impleti iusta 

laetitia redundare est aequum. sed non licet oblivisci tale spatium 

mortalibus quidem amplissimum at aeternitati breuissimum esse novaque 

surrectura saecula quae nova pensa sint hominibus impositura : haec ut 

eodem animo prompti et validi superetis optamus ex intimo corde. quod 

id votum coram vobis ore proloqui non licuit valde dolemus : sed nimia 

nos separant maris et terrarum spatia. animis tamen agimus vobiscum 

et hoc festo die laetantes et profestis diebus in unum idemque enitentes : 

ut veritatem indagemus et saluti generis humani inserviamus. quod 

prospero successu per longam saeculorum seriem persequi supremum 

numen utrisque benigniter adnuat. 

Dabamus Gissae Kal. Sept. MCMVI. 

Pvo academiae ludovicianae rectove et senatu. 

Dr. a. Vossius, 



[University of BreslatiJ] 

Breslau, den 28 JuLi, 1906. 

Wir haben darauf verzichten mussen, uns durch amtliche Vertreter 
unserer Universitat an der Jubelfeier Euerer auf eine Entwickelung von 
400 Jahren zuriickblickenden Universitat zu beteiligen. Doch wird we- 
nigstens einer unserer Amtsgenossen zugegen sein konnen und durch ihn 
senden wir diesen unseren Gruss und unsere besten Wunsche, 

Haben die deutschen Universitaten auch im Laufe der Zeit und 
namentlich im 19. Jahrhundert eine wesentlich andere Entwickelung 
genommen als die schottischen Universitaten, so sind doch beide eins in 
der Erinnerung des gemeinsamen Ausgangs von den Universitaten des 
Mittelalters und eins in dem Ziele und dem Bewusstsein : Korporationen 
zu sein von Mannern, die neben alien etwaigen besonderen Pflichten vor 
allem die eine Pflicht haben, die Wahrheit zu suchen und riicksichtslos zu 
bekennen, was sie als Wahrheit glauben erkannt zu haben. 

Rektor und Scnat 
der Koniglichen Universitat 

Dr. G. Kaufmann. 


DIE Universitat 



[University of Gottingen.'] 















[University of Erlangen.'] 










[ University of Berlin?^ 

Universitatis litterarum Fridericae Guilelmac 

Berolincnsis Rector et Scnatus 

Universitatis Aberdonensis Vice'Cancellario 

et Praefecto S, P. D. 

AGNO cum gaudio accepimus nuntium Tuum, vir illus- 
ftrissime, quo in vitas universitatis nostrae socios et 
•seniores et iuniores ad sollemniter concelebrandam 
[quattuor saeculorum memoriam, quae praeterierunt 
)ex quo Vestra academia auctore Guilelmo Elphinstonio 
lepiscopo auspiciis Alexandri sexti papae icondita est. 
quae primum sub Ecclesiae, turn sub Regni alis mirifice effloruit ac primum 
bipertita diversis urbis locis sed cognatis studiis optimas artes exercuit, turn 
vero unitis corporibus viribusque concordia corroboratis ad maiora iam 

Quae incrementa cum tota natio Germanorum, quorum semper erga 
nobilem Scotorum gentem erat propensissima voluntas, tum nostrum col- 
legium, quod in capite Germaniae consistit, et lubentissime vidit et promp- 
tissime probavit. quare in futura quoque tempora Universitati Vestrae 
fausta omnia precamur. 

Videmus in fronte Tuae epistulae ut insigne quoddam Vestrae civitatis 
et academiae tres pisces, unde tria lilia efflorescunt. quod Vestrae felici- 
tatis interpretari liceat augurium laetissimum. nam ut civitas Aberdonen- 
sium primum piscatu nixa tum maritimo commercio ad maiores opes 
provecta etiam altiora et pulchriora studia capessere coepit, sic auguramur 
fore, ut florentibus in dies magis Scotorum rebus in hac Academia etiam 
scientiae litterarumque floras magis magisque se aperiant et expandant 
atque nitore suo universum orbem terrarum impleant. 

Ad haec votaquae sincera mente concepimus, coram vobis nuncupanda 
legatos duos elegimus Hermannum DiELS, p. t. rectorem et lOANNEM 
Delbrueck, professorem p. o., qui mentis ac voluntatis nostrae publici 
erunt interpretes, vale, vir clarissime, nobisque favere perge. 

Datum Berolini 
Id. Sept. MCMVI. 

Hermannus Diels, 

Universitatis Berolincnsis rector. 


[ University of Bonn.] 

Universitas Fridericia Guilelmia Rhenana 

Universitati Aberdonensi 

S. D. P. 

'UOD quo rarius in rebus humanis solet contingere, eo 
maiore excipitur gaudio, id vobis quadringentesimum 
Universitatis vestrae natalem celebraturis concessum 
Jesse, ut per tantum temporis spatium integram studi- 
orum memoriam continuaveritis, ex animi sententia 
congratulamur, atque quod sollemnibus vestris nos 
quoque adesse voluistis, non solum gratias agimus, sed 
misso nuntio vota nostra publice testari nos posse valde gaudemus. Nam 
ea est studiorum omnium per totum orbem terrarum coniunctio,ut ubicunque 
veritatis cognitio capiat incrementum, omnibus hominibus id adferat utili- 
tatem gaudium aemulationem. Atque cum inter universitates nostra sit 
longe recentior, tamen nos quoque antiquorum quantum in nobis est sequi- 
mur exempla saecularibus meritis laudibusque spectata, vestra Academia 
laetissimo illo renascentium litterarum et scientiarum saeculo ad illustria 
Parisiensis et Bononiensis universitatis exempla condita ut in agro 
feracissimo studiorum radices collocavit, ita per temporum decursum una 
cum uni verso scientiarum progressu et ipsa succrevit, ut magis magisque 
ramos et folia et fructus late propagaverit. Nunc quod saecularia in- 
stituistis "eorum nunquam immemores qui olim doctrinae dulcedine 
atque utilitate adducti studiorum vestrorum fundamenta iecerunt," non 
tantum inter vivos aemulationem, verum etiam gratam illam recordationem 
profitemini qua quantum in litteris maioribus nostris debeamus praedicare 
fas est, quaeque efficiet, ut etiam nostrorum laborum apud posteros aliqua 
mansura sit memoria. Incrementi autem futuri tanquam pignus habemus, 
quod non ab ipso anno saeculari, quod velut punctum temporis praeter- 
volat, sed a novis aedificiis perfectis instauratisque studiorum auxiliis 
novam saeculorum seriem inaugurari decrevistis. Vota igitur vestra, quae 
his diebus vobiscum suscipimus, ut Deus O. M, rata faciat, ex intimo corde 
precamur. Valete. 

Universitatis Fridericiae Guilelmiae Rhcnanae 
Rector et Senatits. 

Datum Bonnae d. 6, m. Septembkis a MCMVI. 







'\University of Ley den. ^ 

Universitas Lugduno^Batava. 
Semet fortunatam praedicat quod feriarum particeps esse possit 

quas soror sua 


ad recolendam memoriam quatuor saeculorum feliciter peractorum celebrat, 
quodque laeta hac occasione uti possit ad declarandum sororem illam a se 
eximia coli observantia. 

Aberdonensis Universitas una est e vetustissimis omnium quse toto 
sunt orbe terrarum : apparet hinc in Caledonia iam remotissimo tempore 
perspectum esse quanti totius interesset vitae humanae ut mentes hominum 
quam maxime excolerentur et prorogaretur humanitatis imperium. Sen- 
serunt illius regionis incolae ita optime prospici illi rei quae summa est in 
homine, quaeque homines a brutis distinguit animalibus, ita mitigari mores 
et ad summa quaeque extolli hominum mentes. Neque ulla res est quae 
magis pacem confirmet, populos inter se iungat, gentes conciliet quam 
communis amor et commune studium disciplinarum doctrinaeque. 

Non enim inter se bella gerere homines decet sed multo magis omnes 
communi studio illam omnium hostem barbariem repellere. In qua pugna 
qui commilitones fuerunt, ii iam non inter se invident sed alter alterius res 
gestas magni facere didicerunt, Quemadmodum nos Lugdunenses non 
dubitamus quin in Vestra regione magni sestimentur nostri BOERHAVII, 
Albini, Cobeti, Lorentzii, sic Vos persuasum habetote in summo apud 
nos honore esse JACOBUM GREGORY, Thomam Reid, Jacobum Beattie, 
Jacobum Clerkium Maxwell. 

Artibus et mercatura Vestra regio ad summas est evecta opes, neque 
interea unquam oblita est quanti essent momenti doctrina et studia humani- 
tatis : immo illorum amor in dies auctus est. Testimonio est praeclara ilia 
Vestra et gloriosa Universitas, quae post quadringentorum annorum vitam 
laetius floret uberioresque fert fructus quam unquam antea. Ex animi 
ergo sententia precamur ut Universitas Aberdonensis florere et crescere 
pergat, ut alumnos suos doctrinae et humanitatis locupletet dotibus, ut urbi 
suae et patriae prosit et, quod facit, egregie mereatur de tota hominum vita. 

LuGDUNi Batavorum Mense Septembri a. MCMVL 
H. B. Greven, 

H. Kamerlings Onnes, 




> assessores. 



ab actis. 


[ University of Groningen^ 

Universitati Aberdonensi 

Senatus Universitatis Groninganae 

S. R D. 

)UOD bonum faustum felix fortunatumque sit : 

Ouoniam Universitas Aberdonensis per quattuor 
saecula magistrorum eruditione, doctrina, arte docendi 
et discipulorum industria, diligentia, amore discendi 
floruit viguitque atque tot viros litteris artibusque claros 
alumnos suos fuisse summo iure gloriatur, Senatus Universitatis Groning- 
anae ei medio mense Septembri anni MCMVI. ferias saeculares in- 
stauranti et novas simul scholas iuventuti studiosae accommodatas 
inauguranti tota mente gratulatur speratque Deo Optimo Maximo volente 
salutem, felicitatem, gloriam Universitatis Aberdonensis proprias per- 
petuasque fore. 

Nos, sollemni Senatus Universitatis Groninganae decreto obsecuti, et 
banc gratulationem ad vos, viri doctissimi et illustrissimi, mittimus et haec 
vota sincera nuncupamus, quae ut aequi bonique faciatis, pro nostra erga 
Universitatem vestram amicitia magno opere vos rogamus. 

Data Kal. Septembribus Ai MCMVI. Groningae. 

F. A. Koch, P. Pet, 

Senatus Univ. Groninganae Rector. Senatus Univ. Groninganae Actuarius. 


{University of Utrecht?^ 

Academiae Aberdonensi 
Curatoribus Professoribus Doctoribus 

S. P. D. 
Senatus Academiae Rheno-Traiectinae. 

Cum et propter Academiae Vestrae dignitatem et doctrinae celebri- 
tatem magnopere optaremus ut nobis contingeret Vos, Viri Amplissimi 
Clarissimi Doctissimi, praesentes compellare, banc nobis felicitatem negavit 
temporis adversitas, quoniam multae causae ac variae impediebant ne quis 
nostrum medio mense Septembri legatus ad Vos proficisceretur. 

Ergo quod praesentibus non licet, per has litteras facimus, ut Vobis, 
Viri Amplissimi Clarissimi Doctissimi, Quadringentesimum Natalem 
Vestrae Academiae ex animi sententia gratulemur. Ut quintum quoque 
saeculum, cuius duodecim iam nunc spatia annua decursa sunt, Deus 
O. M. ita Vobis fortunet, ut tanto patrum Vestroque aedificandi labore 
eliciter ad finem perducendo hucusque Vos beavit, toto pectore nos pre- 
cari scitote. 

Quod nos amicos hospitesque gaudiis Vestris caerimoniisque interesse 
voluistis, Vobis debitas agimus gratias. 

Ita Deus O. M. Vos omni bonorum fortunarumque genere cumulet, 

ut Vos ipsi, quos propter insignem humanitatem, doctrinam, virtutem 

magni facimus, eximia Vestra benevolentia nos dignari voluistis, 

Dabamus Traiecti ad Rhenum 
Kal. Quint. A. S. MCMVI. 

S. D. VAN Veen, D.D., 

Nomine Senatus Academiae 


[ University of A msterdam. ] 

Universitati Aberdoncnsi 
S. P. D. 
Universitas Amstelodamensis. 

Cui nihil magis gratum et honorificum evenire poterat, quam ut 
inclitae Universitas Aberdonensis rogationi satisfaceret mitteretque 
legatum, qui amplissimum vestrum collegium coram salutaret vobisque 
quinquesaecularem memoriam celebrantibus congratularetur. Quod tamen 
cum nobis non erit concessum, benigne quaesumus accipite, Viri Claris- 
simi, hanc scriptam voluntatis nostrae testificationem et votorum nuncupa- 
tionem pro Universitatis Aberdonensis incolumitate et gloria perpetua, 
quippe ut per nova saecula florere pergatis eadem Professorum claritudine 
et Discipulorum fama ac frequentia, qua ad hoc usque tempus altissimum 
honoris fastigium in bonarum artium dicione occupavistis. 
Amstelodami d. Septembris MCMVI. 


Rector Magnificus. 

Ed. Verschaffelt, 



[ University of Padua.] 

niversitati Aberdonensi 


'UOD ex litteris humanissimis vestris, doctissimi atque 
illustrissimi Viri, Kal. Ian. datis, accepimus, Vos ferias 
isaeculares istius almae studiorum sedis medio mense 
jSeptembri celebraturos ac novas simul scholas inaugu- 
raturos esse, magno nos gaudio affecit. 

Semper enim laetari solemus, sicubi audimus ilia 
studia foveri ac celebrari, quorum Universitas nostra 
iam per Medii Aevi tenebras extulit facem, quorumque inter civilium 
nationum homines firmissimum vinculum esse putatur. 

Quare, etsi neminem nostrum (quod vehementer dolemus) ad vos 
adlegare licet, tamen per litteras et vobis gratulamur et maiora in dies 
incrementa rebus vestris precamur. Quae, quin feliciter successura sint, 
non est dubitandum ; satis enim iam pridem in omnium bonarum artium 
cultu versantes ostenditis " quos sibi Caledonia viros seposuerit ". 
Valete ac favete ! 

D. Patavio Kal, Sept. MCMVI. 


Rector Magnificus, 

[ University of Siena.] 

Universitas Senensis 

Aberdonensi Univ. 

S. D. 

)N solemni proxima celebratione Quadringentesimi 
Natalis vestrae celeberrimae Academiae Studium 
?Generale Senense mittit ad vos, obsequia, salutation es, 

Pergrati invitationi vestrae, Viri doctissimi illus- 

trissimique, gaudiis caerimoniisque vestris toto animo 

praesentes sumus et exoramus ut magnificentia peril- 

lustris Viri, qui vestram Universitatem regit, nostris precibus indulgeat et 

dignetur in magna litterarum Reipublicae solemnitate, quae nunc apud Vos 

celebratur, etiam nostrae Senensis Academiae partes sustinere. 

Dabamus Senis Kal. Sept. MCMVI. 

Senensis Univ. Rector. 


[University of Rome. '\ 

Vniversitas Romana 

Vniv. Aberdonensi 

S. P. D. 

Quod scribitis, viri clarissimi, vos Academiae vestrae DiEM Natalem 
mense Septembri vertente celebraturos vehementer gaudemus ; cum autem 
ad SOLLEMNIA SAECULARIA QUARTA ampHficanda novas litterarum sedes 
inaugurate in animo habeatis, vos et quae praeclare facitis comprobamus 
atque laudamus. Nihil est enim quod vobis maiori fructui gloriaeque esse 
possit. Ut maioribus pulcherrimum fuit tantam vobis gloriam tradere, 
sic vos apud omnes in honore esse debetis qui, quod monumentum virtutis 
populi Aberdonensis ii esse voluissent, quasi quadam nobilitatis hereditate 
acceptum servaveritis et renovatum inlustraveritis. Quantam vero gratiam 
Deo Optimo Maximo habeatis facile intellegimus, cum Academia vestra 
divina providentia et initio instituta et omni tempore ita administrata esse 
videatur ut nomini Aberdonensi decus ac laudem afiferret plurimumque 
valeret ad civium fortunas augendas et ingenia excolenda. 

Si fanum maximum, si pulcherrimae porticus, si amplissima curia, 
si templa egregia urbes inlustrant atque exornant, quanto longius ceteris 
antecellit aedificiis, publicis privatis, sacris profanis, sedes ilia litterarum 
et artium ex qua doctrinam atque humanitatem longe lateque diffundere 
liceat ! Moles opere magnifico exstructa, quod vere domicilium sapientiae 
appellare possumus, virtutem et laudem Aberdonensium ad sempiterni 
memoriam temporis propagabit, si quidem omnibus alte persuasum est non 
posse nos decus, opes, iura ac Hbertatem tueri nisi optima institutione 
iuvenum animi roborentur. 

Magna quidem nos spes tenet et doctores et alumnos praeclarum ex 
Feriis SAECULARIBUS laboris fructum esse capturos, operique prope ab- 
soluto vos tamquam fastigium imposituros, summa cum gratulatione 


Ut olim populus Romanus, ita maiores vestri non solum armis verum 
etiam consilio sapientiaque complexi sunt orbis terrarum imperium ; 
quorum vestigia persecuti, eo totis viribus contendere debemus ut imperium 
adsequamui atque obtineamus, quod virtute et scientia continetur, ad com- 
moda civitatis dignitatemque generis humani aptissimum, omnium sane 
maximum quae umquam in terris fuerunt. Pacis sunt comites et iam 
bene constitutae civitatis quasi alumnae artes et doctrinae. Utinam igitur 
quietis temporibus optimarum artium studia exerceamus, aliquandoque 
locus tantum modo relinquatur virtutis certamini artiumque aemulationi. 

Quae vota digna profecto sunt quae probentur Regi vestro Eduardo 
VII., qui pacis, concordiae, compositionis auctor gravissimus exstitit, 
omnium oculos in se convertens, exspectationem, quam sui concitavit, 
sustinens ac vincens, quique pro eximia sua benignitate omniumque 
honestarum rerum sensu et studio, Feriarum saecularium celebritatem 
locique dignitatem praesentia sua augustissima honestare atque augere voluit. 

RUDOLPHUM Lanciani, coUegam clarissimum, unum ex omnibus 
delegimus, qui, ludis publicis ac festis diebus, adesset spectator laudum 
vestrarum et nostrum consensum atque approbationem significaret. Cum 
antea semper suo splendore, turn hoc tempore propter vestram erga nos 
humanitatem is vehementer confidit his nostris litteris se apud vos hospitem 
gratiosum fore. 

Dabamus Romae Kal. Sept. MCMVI. 

Albertus Tonelli, 

Universitatis Romanae Rector. 


[University of Pavia.'] 

Universitas Papiensis 

Universitati Aberdonensi 

S. P. D. 

Quod Htteris Vestris humanissimis nos invitastis ut, Quadringen- 
tesimum Natalem Aberdonensis Athenaei Vobis concelebrantibus, gaudiis 
Vestris caerimoniisque adessemus, id nobis quidem et laetitiae et honori fuit. 
Quid est enim aut iucundius aut magis decorum consensu conventuque 
doctorum hominum, qui quamvis et nationibus et ingeniis et moribus inter 
se dispares uno tamen tamquam sodalitatis studiorumque vinculo coniun- 
guntur, scientiarum artiumque liberalium fructus memori gratoque animo 
recolentes atque earum incrementa progressionesque ad rei publicae 
totiusque humanitatis utilitatem pro viribus foventes ? Gratias igitur 
maximas Vobis agimus ob hospitalem Vestram honorificam gratamque 
invitationem, quam libenter recipimus, cum Feriis istis Saecularibus per 
legatum nostrum, de quo Vos suo tempore certiores faciemus, nos inter- 
futuros esse confidamus. Quod denique ipsi Deum Optimum Maximum 
pie deprecamini, ut Vestris inceptis benigne faveat, id nos quoque ex 
animo optamus et, ut maiores nostri omnibus rebus agendis "Quod 
bonum faustum felix fortunatumque sit " praefabantur, sic nos bona haec 
verba Vobis iterum iterumque dicere toto corde volumus. Valete. 

D. Papia, die XIV. M. Apr. a. MCMVI. 

Prof. Camillo Golgi, 

Rector Universitatis. 


[ University of Tokio."] 

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[ Translation}] 

We, the Imperial University of Tokio, esteem it a great honour, in response 
to your kind invitation, to send Dr. Jinzo Matsumura, Professor of the College of 
Science, Imperial University, as our delegate on this great occasion, namely, the 
celebration of the Quatercentenary of the Aberdeen University. 

We congratulate you upon the present prosperity of your country, which no 
doubt is due to many causes ; but is chiefly the result of learning and the mode of 
education, which has been so assiduously prosecuted from early times. 

We do not hesitate to say, that your University founded in the year 1494, in 
which every branch of learning has been taught and which has produced numerous 
graduates of high excellence, has aided, greatly, the promotion of communities, and 
has, moreover, contributed largely to the whole intellectual world. 

Now on this festive occasion, we deeply congratulate you for your country's 
sake, and also for the sake of education. Of late, by the Anglo-Japanese alliance, 
the peace of Eastern Asia is maintained, and the commercial welfare of both Eastern 
and Western countries increasingly secured ; thus making the happy friendship, 
already existing between Great Britain and Japan, yet closer, and the commerce 
between the two countries thereby more enhanced. 

At such a moment as this, having accepted your kind invitation, it affords us 
great pleasure to send a delegate from our far-distant land to participate in the 
Quatercentenary Celebration of your University. 

We earnestly desire, that from this time forth, both Universities should be 
brought into close intimacy for the interchange of knowledge and for the advance- 
ment of learning generally. 

We hereby send our heartiest salutations, with most sincere wishes for the 
future prosperity of your University. 

From the Imperial University, Tokio, 

THE twenty-fifth OF SEPTEMBER, I906. 

Arata Hamad, LL.D., 
' Sent with the original. 


\University of Chris tiania.l 

Universitati Aberdonensi 

S. p. D. 

Senatus Universitatis Christianiensis. 

Grato laetoque animo literas vestras, Kal. Jan. h. a. datas, accepimus, 
quibus nos non solum certiores fecistis fore, ut Septembri mense apud vos 
saecularia sollennia celebranda essent, sed etiam ut legatum mitteremus, 
auspicatissimis festis interfuturum, invitastis. 

Quae quum ita sint, praesentium literarum latorem Absalonem 
Taranger, V. CI., juris doctorem atque professorem, ad vos ablegamus, 
qui vobis sinceram nostram congratulationem viva voce testificetur. 

Omnes literarum academiae et universitates habent quoddam com- 
mune vinculum et quasi cognatione quadam inter se continentur. Et, 
licet inter vestram nostramque universitatem hucusque neque freqventius 
neque vividius exstiterit commercium, tamen inter Scotiae et Norvegiac 
populos arta olim atque efficax fuit conjunctio, cujus memoria oblivioni 
nunqvam tradetur. Negari sane nequit hostili saepius qvam amico modo 
majores nostros olim congressos esse. Legimus immo, saeculo Christi 
decimosecundo ipsam vestram civitatem florentissimam aregulo Norvegiae, 
gentilium more piraticam adhuc exercente, vastatam direptamque fuisse ! 
Non tamen deerant meliores mitioresque tactiones. E regia stirpe Scotorum 
reginas Norvegia accepit. Scotici mercatores apud nos, Bergis potissi- 
mum, saepissime versabantur. Communio denique sangvinis inter nos 
obtinet. E studiosis vestris juvenibus baud pauci nimirum in iis insulis 
nati sunt, quarum incolae e Norvegia olim profecti lingvam nostram cum 
vestra recenti demum tempore commutavere. 

Nos idcirco, harum rerum semper memores et vera ergo vos caritate 
et benevolentia perfusi, academiam vestram inter sollennia, quae instant, 
gratulabundi salutamus, ex intimo pectore pia vota nuncupantes, ut inclyta 
Aberdonensis universitas post quatuor saecula gloriose peracta per nova 
secula conservet protegat, amplectetur Deus Optimus Maximus. Valete ! 


N. Wille, Lyder Brun, A. Taranger, 

Senatits academici praescs Dec. fac. thcol, Dec.fac.jtir. 

Dec. fac. math.-phys. 

Laache, H. Falk, 

Dec. fac. med. Dec, fac. hist.-philos. 


Secretarius universitatis. 


[University of Coimbra.'] 

To John Marshall Lang, 

Principal and Vice-Chancellor 

of the University, Aberdeen. 

Dear Sir, 

I thank you very much for the honour you have done to 
our University with the kind invitation, sent to me, for the Quatercen- 
tenary Celebrations of the ancient and renowned University of Aberdeen, 
which will begin on Tuesday, 25th September. 

In the impossibility of assisting myself to your feast, I have the honour 
of sending you the best compliments of the Portuguese University of 
Coimbra, wishing to your celebrated Institution a large future of prosper- 
ities under the high protection of His Majesty the King of Great Britain. 
I am. Sir, 

Yours respectfully. 

Dr. Antonio dos Santos Viegas, 

The University, 
Coimbra, 25TH June, 1906. 


[ University of Juriev-DorpatJ] 

Universitatis Aberdoniensis 

Senatui Amplissimo 

Universitatis Caesareae 



s. d. p. 

quod nos ad ferias vestras saeculares invitastis, 
gratias vobis, viri clarissimi doctissimi, quam ma- 
ximas agimus vobisque quadringentos annos ho- 
nestissime exactos gratulamur, deum optimum 
maximum precantes, ut universitati vestrae, 
quae in omnium litterarum artiumque liberalium 
studiis et excellebat et excellit, per futura 
quoque saecula contingat ut ad communem 
generis humani utilitatem prosperrime floreat 
laudemque sibi et gloriam sempiternam ubique 
terrarum consequatur. 

Dabamus Iurievi 
Idibus Maiis a. MCMVI. 

Senatus Universitatis Caesareae Iurievensis Olim Dorpa- 

TENSis Nomine. 

E. Passek, 


J. Treffner, 

Ab Actis, 



[ University of Finland : Helsingfors^ 


Ferias saeculares instuarantibus Vobis quadringentesimumque natalem 
rite celebrantibus venerabundi summas censuimus agendas gratias, quod 
Vniversitas Vestra, late praeclara, ad ceteras Scotiae academias tamquam 
sorores Musas adiuncta, subtiliorem doctrinam, rerum investigationem 
omnemque animi cultum assidue per saecula adiuvit magnisque illuminavit 
nominibus. Ipsum populum Scotum, libertatis amantem, cuius res gestas, 
cuius intimos sensus auctores summis ingeniis praediti velut sub oculos 
omnium gentium posuerunt, nos quoque in longe remotis fenniae terris 
iam ab adulescentia et diligere consuevimus et admirari. Ac nostratium 
erga Vos studia similes quidam mores, similes contra aspera et adversa 
pugnae magis etiam concitaverunt. Qua in re haud aliter sentientibus 
civibus academiae nostrae nos, senatus eius, cum omnes populi Vestri res 
et vetustas et huius aetatis grata retinemus mente, tum' maxime ferias 
illas, quas novis in aedibus laetas celebrabitis, grato animo prosequemur 
speramusque fore, ut etiam in posterum Universitas Aberdonensis uberri- 
mos ferat magnae eruditionis fructus et populo Vestro et artium cultoribus 
utiles. Vos autem rectores et cives Vestrae academiae benevoli quaesumus 
erga nos maneatis, quod quidem et gratum erit nobis et multum valebit. 

Datum Helsingforsi^ Idibus Septembribus anno MCMVl to 


Edv. Hjelt, 



[University of Kasan.] 

Caesareae Universitatis Casanensis Rector et Senatus 

S. P. D. 

Rectori Magnifico Senatuique Amplissimo Illustris 

Universitatis Aberdonensis. 

aELEBERRIMO die, quo saecularia quarta clarissimae 
'Universitatis Aberdonensis rite celebrantur, in ultimis 
partibus Orientis Europae sita Universitas Casanensis 
fsummo honori ducit almae studiorum nutrici, veterrimo 
et illustrissimo in Caledoniae regionibus seminario 
Blitterarum gratulationes agere, praesertim cum tantos 
'eius labores non minus in mentibus iuventutis optimis 
praeceptis etinstitutis formandis, quam in disciplinis, litteris, artibus, alendis, 
firmandis, provehendis, susceptos, respiciat. Verum enim vero iam inde ab 
exeunte saeculo XV. Collegium Regium Aberdoniae constitutum munus 
institit sibi propositum, ut pro sua parte fines universae humanae scientiae 
prolatare studeret facemque liberalis doctrinae terris et urbibus Caledoniae 
praeferret. Quod munus amplissimum, qua gloria sustinuerit, non nostrum 
est praedicare. Nolumus igitur dicere de studiis, e quibus tamquam in- 
cunabulis, progredeunte aetate alma mater Aberdonensis exstitit ; omit- 
timus loqui de earum laude investigationum, quae a viris clarissimis in 
sinu ac sub tutela praestantissimi Collegii Mariscallani in rebus doctrinae 
coUocatae sunt. Missa facimus haec ceteraque praeclara et splendida, 
quorum omnium venerabilem memoriam Universitas ipsa vestra, ultima 
ilia Musarum Thule, rerum optime gestarum hoc solemn! die suo iure sibi 
conscia, perenni virtute ac immortali gloria doctissimorum et bene meri- 
torum virorum exornata, publice celebrat. De festo autem die, quern 
acturi estis, humaniter per epistolam vestram certiores facti, iucundam 
illam ac clarissimam praeteritorum saeculorum recordationem et rerum 
praesentium decus vobis ex animis gratulamur, ac sincere et vehementer 
cupimus et optamus, uti Universitas Aberdonensis in commodum nobilissi- 
mae suae patriae proque incrementis communis doctorum omnium doctrinae 
per saecula futura felix, fortunata, gloriosa vigeat, crescat, floreat. 

Dabamus Casani Kal. Jul. ann. MCMVI, 




[University of C/iarcov.] 

lUustrissimae Universitati Litterarum 


Caesarea Universitas Charcovensis 

S. P. D. 

Certiores facti Academiam Vestram, almam matrem Aberdonensem, 
hoc mense Septembri ferias saeculares instaurare et novas simul scholas 
inaugurare velle, ut aliquo saltern modo simus participes, dum quadrin- 
gentesimum natalem gloriosissimae Universitas Aberdonensis celebratis, 
litteris praesentibus hunc faustum felicemque diem socialiter Vobis gratula- 
mur atque pie precamur, ut Academia Vestra viris clarissimis, facem 
doctrinae humanitatisque generi humano praeferentibus, sicut hucusque, 
in omne aevum floreat et vigeat. 

Semper vivat crescat eximium nomen Universitatis Aberdonensis, per 
quattuor jam saecula a civibus exterisque nationibus summa laude exor- 
natum ! 

Charcoviae die 12/25 MENSis Septembri anni MCMVI. 

L. Reinhard, 

Rector Universitatis. 


[^University of St. Petersburg. ^ 

Q. F. F. F. Q. S. 







Quod auspicatissimo huic diei qui Vobis dudum expectatus nunc 
demum illuxit, sollemnique votorum nuncupation! nos quoque, Collegae 
ornatissimi humaniter adhibuistis, concordi Vobis studio gratias agimus. 
Ut enim fas est academiam nostram borealem majoris quasi sororis suc- 
cessibus gaudere, quae inter primas litterarum scientiarumque facem sub 
axem tulit, ita hoc maxima tempore, quo velut nautae iniquis ventis 
jactati otium benignasque stellas suspiramus, et juvat et solamini est istam 
bonarum artium sedem respicere, quae firmissima populi voluntate fundata 
quadrisaecularis antiquitatis robori confisa futurique secura, occulti velut 
arbor aevi venturorum temporum fortunam prospiciat. Quae ut Vobis 
felicissima eveniat, pro studiorum conjunctione communique Veritatis 
amore, cui omnes litterarum scientiarumque culti addicti servimus, Vobis 
academiaeque Vestrae ex animo optamus. 


F. Braun, 
W. Shukovski, 


W. SERGfejfiVIC, J 

Dabamus Petropoli, mense Julio a.d. MCMVI. 


[University of Kiev, '\ 



S. P. D. 

Quod utriusque Collegii Vestri quadringentesimum natalem in nova 
aula pie celebraturi nostri quoque memores fuistis, et liberal iter fecistis, 
viri doctissimi atque illustrissimi, et consensum ilium concentumque rei 
publicae litterarum a morum nationumque diversitate alienum humanis- 
sime significastis. Sed cum in vasto nostro imperio tot tantisque per- 
turbationibus exagitato litterarum studia duos fere annos misere iacuisse 
vobis haud sit ignotum liceatque sperare autumno huius anni scholas 
nostras tandem posse renovari omnesque laboris redintegrandi studio fere 
flagremus, veniam a vobis petimus, quod neminem adlegamus, qui gaudiis 
caerimoniisque vestris intersit. 

Deum Optimum Maximum precantes, ut Academiae Aberdonensi 
benigne semper patrocinetur, pro salute vestra vota pia gratis animis 

Dabamus Kioviae Kal. Aug. MCMVI. 

Universitatis S; Vladimiri 

KioviENSis Rector et Senatus. 

NicoLAUS Cytovich, 


Johannes Jssaiev, 



[ University of Odessa^ 

Senatus Universitatis Caesareae litterarum Novorossicae 

Senatui Universitatis Aberdonensis 

vehementissime dolemus, quod rebus scholasticis ineunte 
anno academico in ordinem redigendis retenti sumus, quo- 
minus vestra, doctissimi humanissimique viri, liberali invita- 
tione usi legatum ad ferias saeculares celebrandas mittamus. 
quapropter sola epistula gratulatoria ad vos lubilantes 
ovantesque missa precamur, faxit deus, ut quemadmodum 
academia aberdonensis per longum quadringentorum annorum 
spatium scotorum forti populo eruditionis humanitatisque 
facem praetulit, ita in nova quoque restaurataque almae 
matris sede vester labor in scientiae incrementum gener- 
isque humani salutem indefessus ferveat. 

Datum Odessae, a.d. VIII. Kal. Septembres a. MCMVI. 

I. ZanCevski, 

h. t. rector. 


[ University of Belgrade^ 

Universitas Belgradensis 
Universitati Aberdonensi. 

Toto gaudemus pectore, Akademiam Vestram, cuius summa in col- 

endis merita litteris non ignoramus, ad quadringentesimum vitae felicis 

natalem pervenisse, et gratulamur, quod novorum aedificandorum laborem 

scholarum earn ad finem, omnibus bonis laetantibus, perduxit, Universitas 

nostra magnopere optat, ut Alma Mater Aberdonensis, Deo Optimo 

Maximo iuvante, post hac ut adliuc iuventutis mentes studiosae optimis 

imbuat studiis augeatque novis genii humani divitiis scientias. — Viris 

doctissimis illustrissimisque qui nos invitaverunt, ut gaudiis eorum caeri- 

moniisque Faeriarum Saecularium interessemus, maximas gratias agimus et 

salutem plurimam dicimus. 


\University of Valladolid.\ 

Universitas Vallisoletana 

Universitati Aberdonensi 

S. P. D. 

Gratissimo cum animo vestras pro feriis jubilaeis praeclarae Univer- 
sitatis Aberdonensis, cujus nomen increbescit Hispania, litteras accepimus, 
libenterque, prout in nobis est, invitationi vestrae adstipularemur ; at 
attamen cum in hac nostra Academia alius non sit proventus nisi illud 
quod jam ad peculiaria munia obeunda constitutum sit, non nobis, idcirco, 
licet in legationem mittere ad vos, ut baud inmerito speratis. A nobis 
tamen gratiam pro meritis summaque in vos studia officiaque spectate. 

Vallisoleti, 25 Martii, 1906. 

D. Elladio Garcia Amado, 



[ University of Upsala^ 


S. P. D. 


Magno cum gaudio litteras Vestras accepimus, viri doctissimi et 
clarissimi, quibus indicastis, vos medio mense Septembri huius anni, post- 
quam novae aulae novorumque aedificiorum exstruendorum laborem ad 
finem perduxeritis, memoriam Universitatis Vestrae abhinc plus quattuor 
saecula conditae per festos dies revocaturos. Quod autem voluistis unum 
ex nostro numero legatum mitti, qui hospitio Universitatis atque totius 
civitatis Aberdonensium usus gaudiis Vestris et caerimoniis interesset, id 
pergratum nobis fuit. Quare invitationi Vestrae tam benignae tamque 
honorificae parentes legare decrevimus Henricum Schuckium, aesthetices, 
litterarum artiumque historiae professorem eundemque in praesenti Uni- 
versitatis nostrae Rectorem, cui mandavimus, ut has litteras perferret 
nostrorumque erga Vos studiorum interpres esset Fieri autem non 
potest, quin hoc tempore recordemur, quam egregie Universitas Vestra 
per saecula praeterita munus suum obierit, quanto cum successu in scientia 
rerum excolenda atque promo venda versata sit, quantam gloriam in re- 
publica litterarum sibi pepererit. Quod nunc vehementer Vobiscum 
gaudemus et ob communionem, quae inter omnes intercedit, quicumque 
optimis artibus student, et ob vincula artiora, quibus cum Vestro populo 
noster coniunctus est. Nee praeteriti solum temporis felicitatem Vobis 
gratulandi causa nobis est sed etiam instantis, quoniam, ut significastis, in 
ipsis feriis saecularibus celebrandis novas scholas iuvcntuti studiosae ac- 
comodatas rite inaugurare Vobis licebit. Sic habetote nos sollemnia 
Vestra bonis votis atque ominibus prosequi eaque teneri spe, fore, ut Uni- 
versitas Vestra clarissima laudem suam in dies adaugeat et maiora semper 
incrementa capiat. Quam tueatur, servet, sospitet Deus Optimus Maximus I 

Dabamus Upsaliae mense Septembri a. MCMVI. 

Universitatis Upsaliensis nomine 

Er. Gust. Bostrom, 



[University of Lund.] 

Q. B. F. F. F. Q. S. 



Scientiarum et artium liberalium sedi celeberrimae quae per lustra 
octoginta cum universa literarum studia turn theologiae disciplinas artemque 
medicam felicissimo successu coluit tradiditque soUennia secularia quaterna 
celebranti toto ex animo gratulantur Rector et Senatus Academiae Caro- 
linas Lundensis fausta omnia temporis futuri exoptantes. 

Dabamus Lund^e die XX. mens. Aug. MCMVI. 

Seved Ribbing, 



[ University of Basely 



UNIVERSITATIS Natalem Quadringentesimum Celebrantibus 

NovAQUE Aedificia Inaugurantibus 

Salutem Plurimam Dig u NT. 

AGNA laetitia affecti sumus, collegae ornatissimi, cum 
lepistola vestra et doctrina et pictoris arte insignis nos 
fad ferias vestras invitaret, neque deerat, qui gratum 
lofficium vota nostra ofiferendi susciperet. Sed casu 
factum est, ut ille ab itinera proposito detineretur; 
quamobrem mutae tantum epistolae salutationes et gratulationes man- 

Haud ignoramus quanta intercedat necessitudo inter universitates 
Aberdonensem et Basiliensem. Utraque condita est eodem saeculo quo 
amor verae ac genuinae scientiae diu foeda barbarie obrutus splendido 
vigore apud Hyperboreos renatus est. Utraque variis casibus periclitata 
nostra potissimum aetate novum incrementum cepit. Accedit quod anti- 
quissimum album universitatis nostrae perscrutantes haud raro nomina 
iuvenum nobilium Scotoium invenimus. 

Congratulamur igitur ex imo pectore universitati veterrimae novum 
induenti splendorem et precamur, ut Deus omnipotens florem et gloriam 
eius servet, confirmet, augeat in aeternum. 

Basileae, Kalendis Septembribus a. MDCCCCVI. 

Prof. Dr. Carl Schmidt, 

hoc temp. Rector. 


[University of ZUrich.'] 








neminemque fugit quantum longa ilia series virorum doctissimorum qui 

apud vos docendi munere fungebantur fungunturque 

cum ad studium sapientiae propagandum 

turn ad doctrinam de rerum natura promovendam 

contulerit Eo maiore autem gaudio vobiscum ferias instantes celebrabimus 

quod nostra universitas aeque ac vestra civium consentienti voluntati ac 

studio libertatis fundamenta sua floremque debet. 

Sed harum rerum legatus noster TheodoruS Vetter vir humanissimus 

philologiae Anglicae professor publicus ordinarius erit interpres idemque 

nostris verbis pro vestra salute et incolumitate 

pia vota nuncupabit. 

Dabamus Turici mense Septembri MCMVI. 


h. t. rector. 


[ University of Bern.'] 

Universitati Aberdonensi 
Universitatis Bcrnensis Rector et Senatus. 

Universitas litterarum Bernensis earn aetatem quam velut normam 
Hominibus posuit psalmista vix ilia quidem egressa est, sed primordia eius 
et quasi semina ad ea tempora pertinent quibus amplissima Universitas 
Aberdonensis condita est, ut viros educaret matures indicio et virtutis gratia 
omatos institutionisque per diversas facultates peritos. 

Ut Aberdone sic Bernae quoque id primum erat propositum ut theologis 
occasionem daret in scientiam suam incumbendi. Sed saeculo duodevice- 
simo academia Bernensis iurisprudentiae medicinae naturaliumque rerum 
professione amplificata est. 

Eo tempore summus ille noster Albertus v. Haller anatomiae et botanices 
professor Gottingensis artissimam necessitudinem coniunxit cum Magna 
Britannia, cuius rex Georgius alter ab aulicis consiliis eum sibi creavit. 
Georgius tertius deinde virum doctissimum Bernam reversum ut universi- 
tatis cancellarium Gottingae studuit recuperare Collegium regale medi- 
corum Edinburgense unanimo sociorum consensu cooptavit socium hono- 

Haller amicum suum Scoticum Joannem Sloane laudat ut virum illustrem 
qui in beato senio laborum mercedem colligit Joannes Pringle eodem quo 
Haller anno natus, qui St. Andreopoli et Edinburgi studiis vacabat, ab illo, 
"vir illustris de omnibus bene meritus" praedicatur. Ita Universitas 
Bernensis interioris societatis vinculo nobilissima Aberdonensi se sentit 
ligatam. Cui diem natalem quater centesimum ex animi sententia gratatur, 
gratulationem per legatum ad id expeditum^transmittit. 

Dabamus Bernae a.d. VI. Kal. Oct. a. MCMVI. 

J. H. Graf, 

h. t. rector. 


[University of Geneva.'] 

Rector Senatusque Universitatis Genevensis 

Illustrissimo Vice-Cancellario 

Senatuique Universitatis Aberdonensis. 

S. P. D. 

lERIUCUNDUM nobis fuit quod nos per epistulam 
humanitatis plenam estis hortati ut legatione missa 
saecularibus feriis Universitatis Vestrae interessemus. 
|Neque enim solum praeclaram istam benevolentiae 
■significationem magni, ut decet, facimus, sed etiam ilium 
Georgium Keith cui Collegium Mariscallanum refertis conditum, aliqua 
ex parte ad nos pertinere gaudemus, siquidem Genevam studiorum 
causa venit ac Bezae nostri fuit discipulus. Idcirco voluntati Vestrae 
libentissime obsecuti ex nostro coetu virum doctissimum, Carolum 
BORGEAUD, mittimus, qui verbis nostris gratias pro benevolentia Vestra 
agat maximas, testeturque sincera piaque nos vota suscipere ut et faustis- 
simis auspiciis novum saeculorum ordinem ingrediamini, et in ea aedificia 
quae estis inauguraturi quam plurimi studentes confluant, cum loci amoenitate 
civiumque iucunditate, tum excellenti optimarum artium professione invitati. 

Alfred Martin, Dr. jur., 


Data Id. Jun. 1906 Genevae. 


[Aberdeen University Association in Edinburgh.'] 

Aberdonensis Apud Edimburgenses 

Societatis Socii 


Universitati Aberdonensi 

S. P. D. 

Appropinquamus hodie precantes humiliter quomodo filios decet, ut 
benigne audiamur animum erga Matrem nostram grati'ssimum, reverentis- 
simum, amantissimum testantes. 

Nobis enim, qui suo quisque tempore ex tua tutela et praesidio sumus 
profecti in vitae seu vias seu fallentes semitas, sollenne est convenire quotan- 
nis eo potissimum consilio ut et vota offici renovemus et frater cum fratre 
conloquentes memoriae Matris inlustrissimae indulgeamus; quae nos et 
humanissime aluit et proficiscentes benignissime est prosecuta ; quamque nos 
desiderio sempiterno quasi patriam exsules respicimus ; ut in eius tanquam 
ara alterum in annos et alterum reponamus testimonium et fidei indefessae 
et indelibatae pietatis. 

Discedentes deinde ad nostra quaecumque semper nova, ut poscit dies, 
officia, nova sentimus spe exstimulati quippe qui quasi denuo resciamus nos 
non velut in solitudine quadam laborare solos, sed participes esse agminis 
illius et longi et inlustris eorum, qui ex aevis iam antiquis, quae Media vulgo 
nuncupantur, usque ad hocce tempus unicam vitae lucem et lampada Veri- 
tatem agnoverunt, quique ex hoc praesenti in tempus futurum et honoratum 
magis et magnificentius in eadem causa sunt enisuri. 

Gaudemus quoque quod ilia quam animo concepimus Universitas 
nunquam non digna est materia eademque pulcerrima expressa. Coronam, 
quae est nobis ex Mediis Aevis tradita, iamdudum tranquillitas quaedam 
veneranda exomat, novas istas turres iam inlustrat spes non devicta temporis 
futuri ; illam splendor vetustatis, has lepor et gratia temporis praesentis ; 
illam spei magnae prosperus eventus, has et maioris spei lumen matutinum. 

Gaudemus denique quod nos non ut alienigenae sed iure filiorum 
participes sumus feriarum istarum tam magnificentium, in quibus Artes, 
Scientiae, Vitae praeteritae Historia, Vitae praesentis Ratio atque Usus, 
una omnes eademque voce et antiquorum Monumentorum gloriam et Templi 
adhuc vigentis maiestatem concelebrare student. 

GULIEL. M.^ McLaCHLAN, Scribebamus Edimburgi 

^ ' Kalendis Septembribus 

Rutherford Fortune, anno Domini mcmvi. 

Sec. Hon. 


[Aberdeen University Club in London.'] 

To the Spirit of Alma Mater. 

It is with feelings of pride and pleasure, difficult to express adequately 
in the formal diction of an address, that the Aberdeen University Club, 
London, congratulates the Alma Mater on the Quatercentenary of the 

Our pride and gratitude arise from the fact that the University has 
equipped and sent forth to the uttermost ends of the earth a long succession 
of sons with the " priceless pearl of knowledge " which was the aspiration 
of its priestly founder. Our pleasure lies in this, that with the great art of 
Motherhood she makes her children, scattered though they be over all the 
seas, one in a common devotion to herself ; four hundred times so, on such 
an occasion as the present. 

It is therefore particularly appropriate that the Aberdeen University 
Club, London, standing as it does in the very heart of the Empire, as a 
faint embodiment of the spirit of brotherhood, should come forward with a 

The debt we owe her is so encompassing that we cannot repay her, 
so that tribute, sincere and sympathetic, which we offer here must needs be 
poor. Such as it is, we humbly offer it in the chorus of praise that calls 
her blessed ; and the offering of it, if inadequate, stirs us anew in our hopes 
for a Future greater and more needful than her splendid Past has ever 

Signed in name of the Aberdeen University Club, London, by 

R. J. Collie, | secretaries 

J. M. Bulloch, j ""''"''''^ ^ecretartes. 

London, September, 1906. 


[Aberdeen Graduates^ Society in the West Riding of Yorkshire^ 

We, the Graduates and Alumni of 

Aberdeen University 

Resident in the West Riding of Yorkshire, 

Desire to offer to our Alma Mater our sincere congratulations on the com- 
pletion of four hundred years of active work as an educational factor of 
prime importance in the British Empire. 

We recognise that the greatness of the University is largely due to the 
broadly liberal and progressive ideals which from early times have domin- 
ated her policy. 

With pride we regard the glorious past of the University, and with 
confidence look forward to a still more brilliant future. 

Thomas Churton, M.D., 


Joseph Hambley Rowe, M.B., 

Hon. Secretary. 



\^Aberdeen Alumni in America^ 

To the 

Chancellor, Principal and Senatus Academicus 

of the 

University of Aberdeen, 


Greeting. As Graduates and Alumni of that venerated Institution 
of Learning between the Don and the Dee, we the undersigned who 
have taken up our abode beyond the Atlantic and look back with ever- 
abiding affection and pride to those Ancient Halls which are now extended 
and embellished' beyond our highest thought, desire to join in heartiest 
felicitations to our beloved Alma Mater on this auspicious occasion when 
she celebrates her Quatercentenary. 

The University of Aberdeen both in its present consolidation and 
under its old familiar names and organisations of King's and Marischal 
Colleges, has been a centre of light, leading and encouragement to the 
Youth of Scotland for many generations and its beneficial influences have 
extended even to the Colonies of the Empire and to Foreign Lands, 

Many illustrious names have adorned her annals, and we sincerely 
hope that in future years its fame for manly men, sound scholarship and 
scientific attainments may be ever extending under the powerful impulse 
which it has received from its long line of zealous Teachers, loyal Alumni 
and munificent Patrons. 

John Gray, 1838-40, Orillia, Ont, Canada. Alexander D. Leslie, M.A. 1886, Toronto, 

John Crombie, M.A. 1842, Smith's Falls, Canada. 

Ont., Canada. Farquhar MacRae, M.B. 1886, Burnside, 

William R. Clark, M.A. 1848, Trinity Manitoba, Canada. 

College, Toronto, Canada. David A. Shirres, M.B. 1886, Montreal, 

James Gammack, M.A. 1857, LL.D. 1887, Canada, 

West Hartford, Conn., U.S.A. Austin D. Ellis, M.B. 1888, Norwich, Ont., 

George P. Bell, M.D., M.B., 1876, Regina, Canada. 

Saskatchewan, Canada. Arthur J. Gammack, 1888, West Haven, 

Sylvester W. Findlater, M.B. 1880, Conn., U.S.A. 

Larcombe, Alberta, Canada. Alexander P. F. Gammack, M.B, 1889, 

John F. Binnie, M.A. 1882, M.B., Kansas South Bend, Indiana, U.S.A. 

City, Missouri, U.S.A. George C. Rose, M.A. 1891, Kelowna, 

Edward A. Aiken, M.A. 1886, Morelia, B, C, Canada. 




[Aberdeen Alumni in Australia.'\ 
Handed in at Sydney 11.35 P-^^> 27th September. 



Gaudeamus igitur, 

Senes etsi simus : 
Almam Matrem salutamus, 
Ejus gloriam laudamus 

Cordibus ex imis. 

Togse, turres et corona 

Porro nitent lente, 
Professores et doctores, 
Classes, praemia, honores 
Intrant quam repente. 

Surgunt fratres, adsunt hie, 
Idque tempus vernum : 

Illos etiam nunc amamus ; 

Spem et fidem teneamus, 
Usque in aeternum.* 

George A. Wilson, Sydney [1862-66]. 
George MacInnes, Sydney [M.A. 1867, B.D., D.D.]. 
Patrick J. Murdoch, Melbourne [M.A. 1870]. 
Samuel T. Knaggs, Sydney [M.B. 1871, M.D.]. 
John Peat, Sydney [1868-72]. 
Robert E. Hutchison, Gunnedah [1870-73]. 
Frank A. Bennet, Sydney [M.A. 1877, M.D.], 
John Burgess, Sydney [M.A. 1877]. 
James L. Forbes, Eden [M.A. 1877, B.D.]. 
Stephen Henderson, Sydney [M.A. 1878]. 
Algernon A. Cohen, Sydney [M.B. 1880, M.D.]. 
John Garland, Sydney [M.A. 1882, LL.B.]. 
James Kinghorn, N. Sydney [1878-82]. 
Robert Murray, Melbourne [M.A. 1883, B.D,]. 
Donald Eraser, Sydney [M.A. 1886]. 
James Hendry, Coonabarabran [M.A. 1886]. 
George Allan, Sydney [M.B. 1888, M.D.]. 
Andrew Davidson, Sydney [M.B. 1892, M.D.]. 
Otto Bohrsman, Sydney [M.B. 1893]. 
C. M. Parkes, Sydney [ ].t 

* [Verses written by Alexander Yule, Melbourne, M.A. King's College, 1850; who died 
16th April, 1907.] 

t [These alumni dined together in Sydney on 27th September.] 



\^Aberdeen Alumni in India.l 

Handed in at Simla 14 h. 45 m., 24th September. 




William Miller, CLE., Madras [M.A. 

Mar. Coll. 1856, D.D., LL.D.]. 
Duncan M. Cruickshank, Cochin [M.A. 

James Shepherd, Udaipur [M.A. 1868, 

M.D., D.D.]. 
John Cook, Bangalore [M.A. 1869]. 
John Benton, [1867-69]. 

William R. H. Merk, C.S.I., Delhi [1868- 

71, LL.D.]. 
Alexander Macdonell, Calcutta [M.A. 

Thomas Scott, Peshawar [M.A. 1872]. 
John W. Youngson, Jammu [M.A. 1872, 

John L. Van Geyzel, Madras [M.B. 1879]. 
James R. L. Macdonald, [1877-80]. 

John T. W, Leslie, Bengal [M.B. 1882]. 
James Walker, CLE. [1878-81]. 
James S. Meston, [1880-83]. 

Alfred E. Roberts, Bengal [M.B. 1884]. 
John A. Cumming, [1882-85]. 

William M. Masson, [1885-87]. 

David M., Davidson, Bengal [M.B. 1887, 

Herbert S. Duncan, Tanjore [M.A. 1891]. 
Harold Stevenson, Ceylon [M.A. 1891]. 
John W. Grant, Bengal [M.B. 1892]. 
Hector G. Mearns, Calcutta [1894-97]. 
Trevor Hartland Worgan, [1894- 

George C Macpherson, Meerut [M.A. 

1900, B.D.]. 
William S, Trail, [1901-03]. 


[Aberdeen ; Medico-Chirurgical Society^ 

Societas Medicochirurgicalis Aberdonensis 

Universitati Aberdonensi 

S. D. P. 

His diebus festis ubi cum rege praesente turn primoribus permultisque 
doctis et rerum peritis inter aulas novas et omamenta insignia — testimonia 
liberalitatis munificentissima fautorum artium ingenuarum — dies natalis 
quadringentesima Universitatis celebratur Societas Medicochirurgicalis 
gratulationes magna cum observantia et reverentia proles parenti offert. 

Abhinc annis paene centum viginti haec Societas filia quodam impetu 
divino ad nova consilia armata, ex Universitate nata est ; atque quamvis sui 
iuris iam facta sit, nos alumnos decet beneficia perpetua quae Matre accepta 
sunt grato animo recordari. 

Nobis qui fundamentis vitae communis operam damus partes humilli- 
mas tribuisti. Alii enim sub cura tua educti et quasi pehnati ad regna 
blanda rerum fictarum sublime alis feruntur alios ad subtilitatem summam 
iuris accuratissime instituis : alios sine timore obicis ut errantibus hominibus 
oracula divina reddant quorum fulgor splendidior est quam ut acie humana 
directo spectetur: nos servos generis humani mittis ad tutanda corpora 
mortalia e quibus immortales victoriae mentium sanarum oriantur. Hoc in 
labore laeto versati, si nonnunquam sanamus, si saepius dolorem tollimus, si 
semper in spem aegros erigimus, quamcunque peritiam consecuti sumus, tibi 
omnem debemus. 

In saecula saeculorum alios ad nos mittas, qui etsi sine dubio peritiores 
aut fortiores sint futuri, nunquam tamen tibi ampliores quam nos habebunt 

Alex. Ogston, M.D., LL.D., 

Dat. Abbrdoniae 

25 Septembris, 1906. 


^Aberdeen : Society of Advocates.'] 

Societas Advocatorum in Aberdonia 

S. P. D. 

Universitati Aberdonensi. 

Praeses, et aerarii praefectus, et societatis Advocatorum in Aberdonia 
socii, Universitati Aberdonensi de Quadringentesimo Natali, jam confecto, 
ex animo gratulantur. Per Octoginta amplius lustra, haec Acaderaia 
nostra et inclyta doctrinae ac Scientiae toti regioni Septentrionali domi- 
cilium et lumen sese praebuit. 

Ex omnibus fere societatibus hujusmodi generis haec societas una ab 
iis qui socii fieri cupiunt, semper postulat ut in doctrina et disciplinis 
liberalibus multum profecerint. Quapropter inter Universitatem et banc 
societatem vinculum conjunctissimum versatur ; unusquisque enim socius 
almae matris filium fidelem laetus sese habet. 

Societatem juvat hac occasione felici atque auspicata uti erga Univer- 
sitatem fidem ac studium profitendi, itemque ei gratulandi de his aedificiis 
amplissimis et splendidissimis quae banc urbem nostram baud diutius 
nomine sed revera novam reddunt, imo vero gloriam pristinam atque 
utilitatem, quibus Universitas fuit insignis, maxime quidem augebunt. 

Alex. Edmond, Jun., 

Kal. Sep, MCMVI. 

{Aberdeen : St. Mary's College^ Blair s.'\ 

B lairs College Aberdeen 

heartily congratulates 

Aberdeen University 

on the celebration of its 

Fourth Centenary 

and wishes it a future of 

continued success and prosperity. 

James McGregor, 


25TH September, igo6. 


[Aberystwyth : University College of Wales.] 

Coleg y Brifysgol i Cymru, Aberystwyth 
at Brifysgol Aberdeen yn anfon annerch. 

Y mae ein Hathrofa ni, yr ieuangaf bron o blant yr Awen, yn 
llongyfarch o galon eich Athrofa chwi ar ddathliad eich Uchelwyl ganrifol. 
Canys nid ydym wedi goUwng dros gof gymmaint a gyfrannodd eich 
Athrofa chwi am gynnifer cenhedlaeth o fendithion i'r holl fyd, gymmaint 
o wyr tra hyglod mewn lien ac athroniaeth naturiol a fagodd, gymmaint 
o'r gwyr disgleiriaf mewn gwladweiniaeth a milwriaeth a hyfiforddodd. 
Gan hynny, yn awr, pan y mae eich Athrofa chwi, a fu enwoced gyhyd, 
ar ol ei chyfoethogi a'i phrydferthu gan wyr anrhydeddusaf, ei meibion 
maeth hi ei human, megis yn adnewyddu ei hieuenctyd, yr ydym ninnau 
yn gweddio ar yr Hollalluog Dduw, am bob dim a roddwyd i'ch Athrofa 
gan ei meibion maeth yn eu haelioni a'u serch, a'r holl waith a lafuriasoch 
chwi a'ch cyd-ddinasyddion, ar iddo ef ei oruwchreoli er hyrwyddo gwir 
ddysg ac ennill i chwi ogoniant newydd, fel y bo i'ch Athrofa chwi, heb 
golli dim o'i chlod cyntefig, ac a serch y sawl a fagodd, yn ddigyfnewid^ 
flodeuo byth. 



[Amsterdam ; Royal Academy of Sciences?^ 
Universitati Aberdonensi* 

|CADEMIA Disciplinarum Regia Amstelodamensis 

\maximo omnium sociorum consensu exanimi sententia 

''quatuor saecula post condita collegia Regium et Maris- 

callanum feliciter peracta gratulatur. Illud enim 

longi temporis spatium, quo Universitas Aberdonensis 

'inclaruit gloriamque suam stabilivit, recolentes simul 

recordamur quibus vinculis commune disciplinarum 

studium Caledoniam Hollandiamque inter se iunxerit. 

Ante oculos nunc habemus Brownium ilium, et Teyleriana et Stol- 
piana laurea insignem, qui cum Hollandiam, sedem illam libertatis, exterae 
occupassent legiones, Traiecto pulsus, hiberno tempore, navi nuUis munita 
tabulatis cum uxore liberisque Oceanum transiit ut in Aberdonensi Uni- 
versitate studia sua instauraret. 

Multo antea in Albini discipulorum coetu adesse vidimus unum e 
Gregoriis illis, quorum illustre nomen item ut tot aliarum amplissimarum 
gentium cum Aberdonensis Universitatis fuerit coniunctum nomine : huic 
enim illae et alumnos et professores tulerunt. 

Ex quo tempore Erasmus noster, in literis ad Hectorem Boethium, 
Regii Collegii socium, Caledoniam tamquam regionem, ubi magnos faceret 
progressus humanitas, laudavit, Aberdonensis Universitas strenue operam 
dedit ut Caledonius populus semper primarium inter gentes cultas etudi- 
tasque locum teneret : Multa sapientium inventa, apud Vos latius prolata, 
communem locupletarunt humanitatis thesaurum. 

In Vestra Urbe Maxwellus ille Faradayanum cogitatum "spinam 
dorsalem " fieri posse intellexit novae rationis electro-magneticae, quae 
doctrinas de lumine et de electricitate in unum coniunctura erat opus 
splendidum magnificumque, quaeque immortalem ipsi Maxwello gloriam 
afferens postea natis Viris doctis viam munitura erat, qua in novam quan- 
dam possent penetrare naturae regionem, de qua ante hac ne suspicati 
quidem quidquam erant homines. 

Quapropter laeta nos spes tenet fore ut Universitas Aberdonensis, 
templa ilia aperiens, quorum dedicandorum ipsae hae feriae optatissimam 
praebent occasionem, spatium ingrediatur novorum saeculorum non minus 
clarorum atque illustrium, quibus et in Caledoniam et in totam vitam 
humanam splendida et prioribus suis meritis digna beneficia sit col- 

Denique pro Vestra humanitate nos ad ferias Vestras invitantibus 
respondemus Vobis allegatum ad illas e nobis iri GuiLIELMUM ElN- 
THOVEN Academiae socium. 

Amstelodami, Mense Septembri, Anno MCMVI. 

H. Kern, 


J. D. V. d. Waals, 

Ah Actis. 


[Bang-or : University College of North Wales.] 

Vniversitati Aberdonensi 

S. p. D. 

Collegium Academicum Apud Cambrenses Septentrionales 

In Vniversitate Cambrensi. 

ITTERAS uestras, uiri illustrissimi et doctissimi, quibus 
)nos certiores facitis uos quadringentesimum annum 
post Vniuersitatem uestram conditam mox celebraturos, 
I maximo gaudio accepimus : dum nobis fixum illud et 
(insitum animo haeret, quod et re probatum uidimus, 
non aliter illam tot temporum mutationibus super futuram fuisse, 
nisi maximis rei publicae commodis seruiret, non igitur miramur si 
nunc quoque, cum praeteritam annorum et hominum seriem pie re- 
colligitis, id quoque maxima intenti estis, ut prouenienti generi arma 
ilia in manus tradatis, quae (ut ilia quae oHm Volcani manu fabricata 
narrantur) et decus in speciem et firmitatem in usum praebitura sint. porro 
confidimus noua ilia aedificia, quae aduenarum oculos externa pulchritu- 
dine stringunt, incolis eo gaudio futura, quod locum strenuae ingeni exer- 
citationi patefaciunt itaque gratulationem nostram litteris his perscriptam 
mittimus, quam legati quoque nostri, benigne a uobis inuitati, praesentia 
sua demonstrabunt, Henricus Rudolphus Reichel Doctor in Legibus 
praeses noster, et Philippus IacOBUS White Baccalaureus in Medicina 
olim uester, nunc apud nos Zoologiae Professor. Floreatis in saecula. 
Datae apud Bangor Idibus Septembribus, anno salutis MCMVI. 


' Rector. 

H. R. Reichel, 


John Edward Lloyd, 



* < ^ ^ 


[Belfast : Assembly's College.] 

To the Very Rev**- the Principal 

and the Professors of the University of Aberdeen, 

On the Celebration of the Quatercentenary 

of the Founding of the University. 

The President and Professors of the Assembly's College, Belfast, offer 
to the Very Rev^- the Principal and Professors of the University of Aber- 
deen their warm congratulations on the celebration of the Quatercentenary 
of the founding of their ancient University, which, at its foundation, was 
invested with the rights and privileges which belonged to the Universities 
of Bologna and Paris; on the long roll of illustrious names (including those 
of Elphinstone, Boece, Barbour, Forbes, Gregory, Arbuthnot, Reid, Beattie 
and Campbell) identified with its history ; on the great service which in 
the course of its career the University has rendered to theology and 
philosophy, literature and science ; and on the honourable place which it 
continues to hold among the educational institutions of the country. 

Especially are the Very Reverend the Principal and the Professors 
to be felicitated on the completion of the splendid buildings which have 
been added to Marischal College as the result of the Aberdeen University 
Extension Scheme, on the munificent liberality which has enabled them 
to complete their enterprise, and on the auspicious opening of the new 
buildings by His Gracious Majesty the King. 

The Faculty of the Assembly's College express the hope that this 
venerable University may continue to hold its high place among the 
great centres of education, and to furnish well-trained and able men for 
the furtherance of learning, and for the service both of the Church and 
the State. 

The Rev. James Heron, D.D., Professor of Ecclesiastical History in 
the Assembly's College, Belfast, has been appointed as our delegate to 
attend the celebrations, and convey the congratulations of the Faculty. 

Matthew Leitch, D.D., D.Lit., 


W. Todd Martin, D.D., D.Lit., 

Assembly's College, Belfast, 
Sept. 2oth, 1906. 


[Belfast : Queens College^ 

Uniuersitati Aberdoniensi 

Collegium Reginale Belfastiense 

S. P. D. 

Academiae Aberdoniensi plus quam quadringentos iam annos 
purissimae doctrinae feliciter deditae et hodie uirtute integra et opibus 
semper crescentibus sapientiae fines promouenti Collegio Reginali Bel- 
fastiensi societate coniuncti gratulamur quod proximo mense quadringen- 
tesimum natalem suum celebratura et nouas simul scholas iuuentuti 
studiosae accommodatas inauguratura sit. 

Cum autem uiri docti inlustrissimique nos benignissime inuitaueritis 
ut legates mittamus qui Feriis uestris Saecularibus instaurandis intersint 
gratias agentes Praesidem nostrum et Materiae Medicae Professorem, 
GULIELMUM Whitla, equitem inlustrem elegimus, qui gaudiis uestris 
consocientur et amid animi nostri atque adprobationis testimonium 

Quod superest Deum Optimum Maximum precamur ut fortunis 
uestris benignissime faueat, mala omnia auerruncet, Uniuersitatem uestram 
in altiora secundis usque laboribus semper nitentem adiuuet atque 

Dabamus Belfastii Id. Sext. MCMVI. 

T. Hamilton, 
J. Symington, 

ah actis. 


[Bristol: University College."] 

Collegium Academicum Bristolliense 

Universitati Aberdonensi 

S. P. D. 

Gratulamur vobis, viri doctissimi, tot lustra feliciter peracta et uni- 
versitatem vestram in hunc ampHssimum dignitatis gradum provectam, 
virumque egregium, qui et academiae nostrae praesidet et alumnus vester 
nuper adscitus est, publica legatione mittimus, ut unus pro omnibus hanc 
nostram communem vocem ad vos deferat. Neque certe indignum munus 
rex noster benignissimus obibit, si vobis quadringentesimum hunc annum 
magno coetu celebrantibus ipse interfuerit, novamque aulam, quo majorem 
juvenum studiosorum multitudinem accipiatis, inaugurabit. Quod ita, 
precamur, eveniat, et bonum, faustum, felixque sit, et studia liberalia 
optimasque artes summo Dei Maximi favore, summa hominum laude, 
sicut ad hunc usque diem, ita in posterum excolatis. 

Uabamus in Collegio Bristolliensi a.d. XII. Kal. Sext. MCMVI. 


[Brussels : Royal Academy of Belgium.'] 

L'Universitb d'Aberdeen nous fait I'honneur de nous annoncer 
qu'EUe celebrera en Septembre prochain son quatre centieme anni- 
versaire de fondation. 

L'Universite d'Aberdeen nous invite a nous associer, par I'envoi d'un 
legat academique, a cette grandiose manifestation de la Science ecossaise. 

L'ACADEMIE ROYALE DE Belgique se serait fait un devoir de 
deleguer un de ses membres pour assister a vos fetes jubilaires. Sa 
presence parmi vous aurait ete le gage le plus certain du vif et profond 
interet que nous portons non seulement a votre celebre Institution mais 
aussi aux travaux que vous publiez et que vous nous faites la gracieusete 
de nous offrir chaque fois qu'un volume parait. 

A defaut d'un delegue, I'Academie Royale de Belgique ne saurait 
mieux reconnaitre la courtoisie dont elle est I'objet de la part de I'Univer- 
site d'Aberdeen qu'en la priant d'accepter, pour sa Bibliotheque, une 
serie de publications academiques qui vous parviendront bientot. 

Cette marque de confratemite est le plus sur garant, non seulement 
de I'estime que nous professons pour I'Universite d'Aberdeen, mais de 
I'ardent desir que nous avons de continuer avec Elle cet echange de travaux 
qui ne saurait avoir que les plus heureux fruits pour nos deux Pays : 
I'Ecosse savante et si honoree dans I'Europe et la Belgique si desireuse 
de se faire connaitre a I'Etranger. ' 

Le Chevalier Edmond Marchal, 

Le Secretaire perpHuel de V Academie. 

\Calcutta: Asiatic Society of Bengal. ^ 


t)>.^, <<A^' <5s-^V L^;^j-M'vL--«aC''u>' 


[^Cambridge : Girton College^ 

On behalf of Girton College, Cambridge, I beg to offer to the 
University of Aberdeen sincere and respectful congratulations on this 
great occasion of its four-hundredth anniversary, and on the splendid 
record of intellectual life and work which fills those four centuries. The 
University has been a focus not only of intellectual life but also of liberal 
and religious education, and has sent forth into all lands members distin- 
guished in every branch of thought and action, and opened its doors with 
generous hospitality to learning and sound knowledge from whatevei 
quarter. As representing a woman's College, I would ask leave to mention 
particularly the liberality of the University of Aberdeen in regard to 
women's education. 

To congratulations on its famous past and present, I beg to add 
earnest wishes that this great University may have an even more glorious 
future through centuries to come. 

E. E. Constance Jones, 

Mistress of Girton College. 


[Cardiff: University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire^^ 

At Brit^athrofa Aberdeen, Coleg Deheudir 
Cymru a Mynwy yn anfon annerch. 

Tra charedig y gwnaethoch . wyrda urddasol . drwy ein gwahodd i 
gyfranogi yn llawenydd eich cofwyl . Canys er y pellder daear sydd yn 
ein gwahanu nid ydym heb amrywiol wymun cymdeithas rhyngom . ac 
o bryd i bryd mewn blynyddoedd a aeth heibio dygvvyddodd i rai o ieuenctid 
ein gwlad y fraint o nesau at bur ffynonnau gwybodaeth yn eich athrofa 
chwi. Gan hynny . er eich bod chwi wedi mwynhau cynifer canrif o Iwydd 
a chynnydd a ninnau yn blant oes ddiweddar, eto gan fod yr unrhyw 
awydd-fryd a chariad at ddysg yn llosgi ynom, dymunwn gyflwyno i 
chwi ein hanerchion caredicaf. 

Mae yn hysbys i ni pa fath fu eich dechreuad ac i ba uchder rhagorol 
yr ydych wedi ymgodi ym mhob gwybodau, yng ngwyddorau rhif a mesur, 
mewn seryddiaeth ac ym mhob math ar len end yn arbennig mewn 
athroniaeth. Gwyddom am y lluaws o wyr dysgedig a aeth allan 
oddiwrthych gan wasgarn goleuni gwirionedd mewn llawer gwlad, ac nid 
yw anhysbys i ni gael o'r enwog Kant ei ddechreuad ac efallai ei athron- 
ddysg oddiwrthych ehwi. Bellach pan y mae eich prif-ysgol wedi cynnyddu 
gymmaint ac ymadnewyddu, ein gobaith a'n hyder yw y tyr allan oleuni 
cyfoethocach a thirionach o'ch athrofa ardderchog, er cynnydd gwybodaeth 
a dysg ac er dyrchafiad y wladwriaeth yr ydych yn anrhydedd iddi : a 
gweddiwn ar i chwi dan nawdd Duw Goruchaf fyth flodeuo fwyfwy. 
Gan hynny yr ym yn llawen iawn wedi dirprwyo ein Pennaeth, Ernest 
Howard Griffiths, i'ch cyfarch drosom wynebyn wyneb ac i ymuno a chwi 
yn eich uchel-wyl goffadwriaethol. 

Alfred Thomas, 

Llywydd y Coleg. 
Arwyrdwyd yng Nghaerdvdd 
ar y trydydd dydd ar ddeg o awst 
ym mlwyddyn ein hiachawdwr 




^Copenhagen : Royal Danish Academy of Sciences^ 



'ED Paask«;innelse og oprigtig Tak har det Kongelige 
jDanske Videnskabernes Selskab modtaget den venlige 
jMeddelelse om H^jtideligholdelsen af Eders Univer- 
Isitets Firehundredeaarsfest og den haedrende Indbydelse 
til ved en Afsending at deltage i den. Ligesom det 
danske Folk i sin Helhed filler sig n^je knyttet ved Venskabs og Sloegt- 
skabsbaand til den store engelsk-skotske S^sternation paa den anden 
Side Vesterhavet, saaledes har vi Videnskabsdyrkere saerlig Opfordring 
til ved denne Lejlighed med Eder at sende Tanken tilbage til Eders Uni- 
versitets ber«/jmmelige Fortid og til Eders store Sinner, hvis Navne staar 
indskrevne i Videnskabernes, Historie : Moend som James Gregory, 
Colin MacLaurin, Thomas Reid, James Beattie og mange andre. Og 
at Isamtidig med Eders Mindefest kan indvie nye tidssvarende Bygnin- 
ger til Videnskabernes Fremme, varsler godt om et fremtidigt frugthart 
Arbejde ved det af Biskop Elphinstone og Earl Marischal stiftede 

Vi sender da vore bedste Hilsener til den By, hvor Byron som Dreng 
ikke turde gaa over " Balgounie's brig's black wall," til det gamle 
Aberdeen, hvis Sk^^inhed henrykte Thackeray, og til det 400-aarige, men 
nu atter foryngede Universitet med varme 0nsker om fortsat Trivsel til 
Bedste for Videnskaben og til Gavn for Menneskeheden. 
I DET Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab. 


Julius Thomsen, 


H. G. Zeuthen, 



[Cork: Queen's College.'] 

Collegium Rcginalc Corcagiense 

Universitati Aberdonensi 

S. P. D. 

Vobis, viri praestantissimi, ex animo congratulamur, qui Universitati's 
Aberdonensis, nova aula novisque aedificiis auctae et ornatae, Ludos 
Saeculares quartos hoc proximo Septembri mense estis acturi ; et quod, 
pro humanitate vestra, nos in laetitiae vestrae partem vocavistis, maximo 
afficimur gaudio, et eo impensiore, quod memoria tenemus, Hiberniam et 
Scotiam, artissima necessitudine olim devinctas, si non unam et eandem 
genere, lingua, institutis, moribus, gentem, mari modo divisam, esse quasi 
fontes, unde in tot tamque disjunctas terras influxit non tenuis quidam 
fidei disciplinaeque rivulus sed abundantissimus amnis liberalium artium 
et scientiarum. 

Sororem seniorem ut soror natu minor et diligit et veneratur, sic, et 
amore et admiratione icta, Academia nostra vestram Academiam, in 
quintum saeculum ineuntem, colit et precibus prosequitur. Ut per alumnos, 
qui omnes vitae artes ex vestrae Academiae Spatiis erunt consecuti, fama 
Universitatis Aberdonensis, jam omni doctrina scientiaque florentis, altius 
atque altius ascendat, vota nuncupamus Praeses et Professores Collegii 
Reginalis Corcagiensis. 

Dabamus Corcagiae, 
Kal. Jun., MCMVI. 

Bertram C. A. Windle, 



[Dublin : Royal College of Physicians of Ireland^ 

Royal College of Physicians 
of Ireland, 

We the President and Fellows of the Royal College of Physicians 
of Ireland send friendly greetings and hearty congratulations to the 
ancient and renowned University of Aberdeen on the auspicious occasion 
of the celebration of the Four Hundredth Anniversary of the Foundation 
of that venerable seat of learning. 

We recall with pride the fact that more than two hundred years ago 
the highest office in our gift — that of President of our College — was be- 
stowed upon a distinguished native of Aberdeen, Doctor Patrick Dun, 
who was for the first time chosen President on the 24th June, 1681. So 
ably did he discharge the duties of the Chair that he was elected President 
on thirteen subsequent occasions, notably in the year 1692, when he was 
nominated the first President of the College under the new Charter of 
King William and Queen Mary. 

Seeing that one who occupied so distinguished a place in the annals 
of our College was the Grand-Nephew of Dr. Patrick Dun, Principal of 
Marischal College and the munificent endower of Aberdeen Grammar 
School, it is especially right and fitting that we should tender to the great 
University of the " Granite City," the birthplace of our famous President 
of the olden time, our most cordial felicitations on the completion of four 
hundred years of historic service in the cause of Education, and particularly 
in the advancement of Medicine and the ancillary Sciences. 

That the University of Aberdeen may flourish more and more in the 
centuries to come, that its classic walls may be endowed with perennial 
youth, and that it may remain ad inultos annos a famous centre of medical 
education, is the earnest and heartfelt wish of your friends and well- 

W. J. Smyly, 


James Craig, 

July 6th, 1906. 


[Dublin : Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland^ 




S. P. D. 

EHEMENTER vobis, viri illustres, gratulamur quod 
Iquattuor saeculis prospere decursis quintum iam 
'auspiciis faustissimis incohatis. 

Universitatis Aberdonensis, cum primum orta est 
anno post Christum natum MCCCCXCV in ipsis 
)incunabulis Facultatem Medicinae longe in his finibus 
'antiquissimam instituit — cuius rei gratia sit conditori 
vestro sagacissimo Guilelmo Elphinstone. 

Unde est orsa in eo perstitit atque nunc perseverat. Per annos iam 
quadringentos haec regna, imperium Britannicum, cuncti denique homines 
universitati vestrae scientiam Disciplinamque Medicam auctas fotas 
ornatas gratis animis assignarunt et assignant. 

Anatomiam Activam, quae dicitur, — studium arti quam praecipue 
nos colimus coniunctissimum — usque ab anno MDCXXXII successu 
Optimo exercuistis, 

luvat referre nomina Professorum et Alumnorum Aberdonensium 
qui in summam claritudinem rei Medicae et peritia et exercitatione per- 
venerunt. Ne taceamus Andraeum Moir, Guilelmum Pirrie, Matthaeum 
Duncan, Andraeum Clarke, quattuor denique Gregorios, qui de Schola 
Medica intra muros Academicos condenda tam bene meriti sunt. Plures 
immo plurimos alios viros insignes memorare liberet, sed finibus certis 
continemur ultra quos veremur ne iam iam egressi simus. 

Restat ut Universitati Aberdonensi, totis animis de hac tam felici 
occasione etiam atque etiam gratulemur et vota dignissima nuncupemus 
pro perpetua cius incolumitate faustoque novi saeculi initio. 
Nomina subnotabamus. 

Henricus R. Swanzy, 


Johannes Lentaigne, 

Praesidis Vicarius. 

Carolus a. Cameron, 

Id. Sext, MCMVI. 


{Dublin : Royal Irish Academy. '\ 

Vniversitati Aberdonensi 
S. p. D. 

Laeti nuntium accepimus, viri doctissimi, vos ferias vestras saeculares, 
quadringentis annis feliciter peractis, mox esse celebraturos, et gratias 
vobis maximas agimus quod nos in societatem gaudii illius iustissimi 
benigne vocetis. Cum ad promovendum scientiae Htterarumque studium, 
Deo Optimo Maximo adiuvante, nos ambo operam pro virili parte navemus, 
merito habet laboris similitudo coniunctionem et consensum ideoque vobis, 
viri illustres, ut amici veri, gratulationem nos facimus summam qui iuven- 
tuti studiosae Caledoniam septentrionalem habitanti facem doctrinae 
liberalis alte per tot annos extollendam curaritis neque eius lucem pallescere 
hodie permittatis sed ut in clariorem flammam indies exardescat strenue 
laboretis. Operi bene perfecto laus debetur, et mens, ut vestra, verae laudis 
conscia nullum aliud praemium concupiscit nisi ut ad maiora studia pateat 
cursus : quod vobis, ut speramus, plenissime contingat. Gratias quoque 
vobis agimus debitas quod nos benigne invitetis ut legatum mittamus 
qui Vniversitatis et Civitatis Aberdonensis hospitio fruatur amicitiaque, 
et vobis commendamus maiorem in modum virum doctum e coetu nostro, 
Admodum Reverendum loHANNEM Henricum Bernard S.T. P., Eccle- 
siae Cathedralis S. Patricii Decanum, qui Academiae Regiae Hibernicae 
nomine feriis vestris intersit et omnia bona fausta felicia ut semper vobis larga 
manu profundat Deus Immortalis sincero corde impense precetur. 

D. DuBLiNi Id. Iul. MCMVI. 

Franciscus a. Tarleton, 

Praeses Academiae. 

Johannes A. McClelland, 

Ab actis Academiae. 


{^Edinburgh : Educational Institute of Scotlafid.^ 

Address to 
The University of Aberdeen, 

on the occasion of 

The Quatercentenary Celebrations, 

Sept., 1906. 

The Educational Institute of Scotland, incorporated by Royal Charter 
in 1 85 1, and having on its roll of membership nearly nine thousand 
teachers of all ranks, greets the venerable, and far-famed University of 
Aberdeen, and has the honour of offering most hearty congratulations on 
the occasion of its celebrating its four-hundredth anniversary. 

The Institute further congratulates the University on the successful 
completion of the extension to Marischal College, which will at once 
supply much desiderated facilities, and accommodation, and make that 
building one of the noblest edifices in the land. 

The Institute rejoices that His Gracious Majesty, King Edward the 
Seventh, and his royal consort, our beloved Queen, are to grace the 
festivities and crown with their presence the joy of their loyal subjects 
on the auspicious occasion. 

To the Scholastic Profession, which we represent, and particularly 
to the Parish Schoolmasters of the North, your noble University possesses 
a special and peculiar interest, closely associated as it long has been with 
the work of the ordinary Parish Schools, guiding them in their aims, 
inspiring and stimulating them in their efforts, and founding and maintain- 
ing a tradition which hitherto has been, and we trust will long continue 
to be, of inestimable benefit in promoting the Higher Education of the 
youth of the North. 

It is our earnest prayer that Aberdeen University may long retain 
its intimate connection with our profession, and that it may flourish and 
grow, and "still trim the Lamp of Knowledge" in the North of Scotland. 

On behalf of the Educational Institute of Scotland, 

William Service, M.A., B.Sc, F.E.I.S., 


John Laurence, F.E.I. S., 


Hugh Dickie, B.A., LL.D., F.E.I.S., 

Sec, to Board of Examiners, 

S. M. Murray, 

Organizing Sec. and Treas. 


{Edinburgh : Free Church College^ 

Cancellario Amplissimo, Vice^Cancellario, 
Senatui Universitatis Aberdonensis 

Praefectus Senatusque 
CoIIegii Ecclesiae Liberae Edinensis 
S. R D. 

ITTERIS vestris acceptis, Viri optimi et doctissimi, de 
iFeriis Saecularibus instaurandis, et laetati sumus, et, 
ut statim rescripsimus, legatum libenter adlegavimus 
qui caerimoniis vestris natalique huic tarn fausto cele- 
,brando interesset. Gratulamur vobis ex animo, quum 
Universitatem vestram parvis ab initiis orsam, per longum annorum 
decursum sensim amplificatam, hoc saeculo nostro maximum in florem 
adultam, professorum praestantia et alumnorum frequentia usque per 
orbem terrarum praeclaram hodie videamus. Nos interim vobis omnibus 
sacra vestra Saecularia celebrantibus omnia laeta a Deo Optimo Maximo 
precati, etiam optabimus ut quae vobis praeteritis saecuHs prosecuta est 
laus ea in perpetuum fruamini. Vivat, vigeat, floreat nobilis ilia Uni- 
versitas Aberdonensis! 

Dabamus in Academia nostra die XIX. MENSis Sept. MCMVI. 

Iacobus Duff McCulloch, 



{Edinburgh : Royal College of Physicians. "l 

Nos Praeses Sociique CoIIegii Medicinae Edinensis 
summo cum gaudio Universitati Aberdonensi jam annum quadrin- 
gentesimum suum florentissime agenti ex animo cujusque ac sententia 


lUNQUAM nisi ritu moribusque et traditionibus dignam 
)quae apud Univcrsitates nostras Scoticas valent sem- 
iperque valebant, Academia Aberdonensis, ex quo die 
nisu ac opibus celeberrimi illius Episcopi Elphinston 
est condita, se per quadringentos illos annos praestitit ; 
.ita ut laudatio ilia qua anno post Christum natum 
millesimo quingentesimo tricesimo quarto Ferrerius 
eam apte vereque his verbis nuncupavit " celeberrimam apud Scotos hoc 
potissimum tempore (absit verbo invidia) Academiam," et verior et aptior 
his quidem hominibus videatur, clariore jam luce saecula ista gloria tam 
insigni peracta contemplantibus. 

Et cum verecunde recordemur quae multa et magna ejus Alumni bene- 
ficia ad Artium Scientiarumque unamquamque excolendam et promoven- 
dam contulerint, tum ei maxime gratiam habemusjquod quae Arti Medicae 
nostrae debeantur inter primas omnium cognovit, et jam ab initio inter docto- 
res suos pari honore ac statu Medicinae Professorem (" Mediciner " dictum) 
cum Theologiae, cum Juris Canonici, cum Juris Civilis, cum Litterarum 
Humaniorum Professoribus adnumeravit atque inclusit. 

Illud autem nobis est pergratum quod illustrissimi illi Academiae 
Aberdonensis Alumni Joannes Gregory, Jacobus Matthews Duncan, in 
numerum hujus nostri Collegii Sociorum sint adhibiti ; ex quo factum est 
ut vinculo quodam arctiore ac vivo Nos Vosque conjuncti simus. 

Jam praetereuntibus annis nunquam quasi signa quae receptui canerent 
Academia Vestra audivit ; nihil omnino pristini istius roboris ac nervorum 
perdidit : sed sicut saeculi cujusque homines suum usum suas necessitates 
suas condiciones vitae commutaverunt, ita se tanquam ad novum quendam 
nisum impetumque renovavit. Quam igitur pro certo habemus ad opus 
quod tempore condendi ei est oblatum arma magis magisque efficacia 
saeculis posterioribus adsumpturam. 

Itaque sollicitis speramus animis Nos Praeses Sociique Collegii Regii 
Medicinae Edinensis fausta semper ac felici fortuna Academiam Aber- 
donensem esse usuram, nee spei optimae suae in futurum conceptae fore 
ut pars etiam minima per saecula accedentia desit. 
Dabamus Edinburoi, Mense Sextili MCMVI, 

Harry Rainy, Johannes Playfair, 

Secretarius, Praeses. 


[Edinburgh : Royal College of Surgeons!] 


Vice Cancellario et Praefecto Universitatis Aberdonensis 

Salutem multam Impertit. 

[OC LUSTRO laetissimo Universitatis Aberdonensis 
quod nunc evenit ut celebrandum sit nos Praeses et 
Socii Collegii Regii Chirurgorum Edinburgensis, ex 
[animo et summo amore facere gratulationes volumus, 
SPATIUM annorum quadringentorum confectum 
anno Domini nostri milesimo octingentesimo nonagesimo quarto necdum 
celebratum cum necessario in praesens tempus celebratio dilata sit, 
gaudemus nunc demum honorari et propterea vobis hodie gratulamur. 

MULTA iam saecula apud vestram Universitatem Professores claris- 
simi multi florent, dum non rei solum Medicae sed etiam Litterarum et 
Scientiarum cultu et bonis artibus universis, inclarescit Aberdonia ; quam 
ob rem una voce omnes omnem vobis felicitatem optamus. 

PRO Invitatione amica benignaque vobis gratias maximas valde cupit 
agere Collegium. Libentissimeque consensit ad ferias celebrandas mittere 
legatum electum ad hoc tarn gratum munus obeundum, ipsum scilicet 
Collegii Praesidem, qui vestram Universitatem illustrissimam et Civitatem 
Aberdonensium, amicus hospesque invisat. 

Vivat, Crescat, Superemineat Academia Aberdonensis ! 

Datum Edinburgi 

Kalendis Septembribus 

Anno Domini nostri, milesimo nongentesimo sexto. 

Carolus Watson MacGillivray, 



^Edinburgh : Royal Scottish Academy. ^ 

To the Chancellor^ 
University Court and Senatus 
of the University of Aberdeen, 

We, the President, Secretary and Council of the Royal Scottish 
Academy of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture gratefully acknowledge 
the courtesy of the University of Aberdeen in inviting a representative of 
the Academy to be present at the celebration of the Quatercentenary of 
the foundation of your distinguished University. 

We gladly avail ourselves of the opportunity afforded by the auspi- 
cious occasion to give expression to the feelings of admiration and pride 
with which we regard the illustrious services rendered by the University 
of Aberdeen in the promotion of culture throughout the northern portion 
of our country and in the advancement of Letters, Philosophy and Science, 

We recognise with special gratification that your University and the 
City of Aberdeen of which it is the intellectual centre have ever dis- 
tinguished themselves by the many notable men they have given to the 
practice of those Arts which adorn the life of a nation and with which our 
Academy is most closely associated. From George Jamieson the father 
of Scottish Portraiture onward to the present day the Annals of Scottish 
Art and the roll of the Royal Scottish Academy are studded with the 
names of brilliant Aberdonians who have achieved eminence in the fields 
of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. 

It is our heartfelt wish that the prosperity and distinction which have 
been attained by the University of Aberdeen in the past four hundred 
years may be maintained and magnified in the centuries to come. 

James Guthrie, 


George Hay, 

Royal Scottish Academy, / 

Edinburgh, September, 1906. 


\jE,dinburgh : Royal Society^ 





We, the Council of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, desire to 
offer you our hearty congratulations on the completion of the Fourth 
Century of your Academic work. 

The Universities of Scotland have long been the most important 
factor in the intellectual life of the people, and this is especially true of 
the seat of learning in Aberdeen, where, until the recent extension of 
commerce and industry in the North, the learned professions were the 
chief opening for the intellectual activity of the people. 

We learn with great pleasure that with the completion of your 
fourth centenary of corporate life you have been able also to bring to 
completion the beautiful and spacious building in which the work of the 
University is to be carried on ; and we are confident that the usefulness 
of the University and the value of the instruction given within its walls 
will grow with its material prosperity. 

The Royal Society of Edinburgh is largely dependent on the Staff 
of the Scottish Universities for the scientific researches which they contri- 
bute to its Transactions, and the Society avails itself of this opportunity 
of acknowledging its obligations to your body and the other schools of 
learning in Scotland for the interest they have taken in the work of the 
Royal Society, as contributors, and as members of its Council. We 
trust that the work of the Royal Society of Edinburgh may also continue 
to be useful to the members of your body in your scientific studies, as it 
has been in past times. 

The Royal Society are much honoured by your invitation to send a 
representative on this very interesting occasion, and they beg to tender 
their warmest sympathy and best wishes for the continued prosperity 
and efficiency of the University of Aberdeen. 

In name of the Council of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. 



G. Chrystal, 

Edinburgh, September, 1906. 


[England ; Free Churches.'] 

To the Reverend The Principal and the Senatus of the 
University of Aberdeen. 

E, as Principals of Colleges which represent the most 
ancient and historic of the Free Churches of England, 
'desire to be permitted to join the persons and the 
institutions that to-day congratulate the University of 
Aberdeen on the Fourth Centenary of its birth. 

While in point of age it may be said to stand 
third in the succession of the Scotch Universities, yet in point of reputation 
it stands behind none, especially in those services to Church and State 
which every citizen and all learned Societies are bound to render, and 
which it is the duty of all the Churches to create and foster. 

We do not forget that in the Seventeenth Century the University 
occupied by virtue of the number, the eminence, and the influence of the 
Aberdeen doctors a position of unusual importance in the realms of 
Scottish life and thought on the one hand and of Theology on the other. 
And here we, as workers in cognate fields, may be allowed to mention with 
peculiar gratitude two names, (a) John Forbes, of Corse, "clarum et 
venerabile nomen," as the first, not indeed in the mere chronological sense, 
historian of Christian doctrine, a famed Theologian, an illustrious writer, a 
distinguished thinker, a skilled worker in the allied academic provinces of 
ethics and Theology ; and (^) Alexander Ross, the author of " Pansebeia," 
the first History of Religions ever issued from the press, the bearer of a 
name which carried that of Aberdeen into all the learned countries of 
Europe, in particular as so many of his erudite works were translated into 
European languages. To these names we may add that of the most 
illustrious of all the professorial families of Scotland, the Gregorys, a 
family famous in three centuries, the Seventeenth, the Eighteenth and 
the Nineteenth, and in all the countries where our tongue is spoken, as 
well as in the Universities of Scotland and England, in most of which some 
member of the family proved its eminence in the Chair as also in thought 
and in science. 


In the Eighteenth Century there are many Aberdeen men whose 
names we gladly recall with gratitude and mention with honour ; as (a) 
Thomas Reid, Professor in King's College, the founder of Scottish 
philosophy, who was awakened from his dogmatic slumbers by the same 
voice which woke another man of Scottish descent, though of German 
birth, Immanuel Kant : (^8) George Campbell, Principal of Marischal 
College, a scholar whose work on the Gospels anticipated some and 
determined other fundamental conclusions in modern critical inquiries as 
respects the authenticity or authorship of our sacred historical books ; an 
impartial and dispassionate ecclesiastical historian, a philosopher whose 
reply to Hume was equal in reputation to its worth, whose " Philosophy 
of Rhetoric " showed that he did not forget in his devotion to abstract 
thought the art of the speech which persuades living men, while his 
" Pastoral Theology " proved that he as little forgot in studying rhetoric 
the sort of labour that must be undertaken by the pastor if he would be 
the father of his people : and (7) James Beattie, poet, apologist, philosopher, 
divine, a man whose reputation in his own day ought not to obscure his 
fame in ours. 

We must also remember the services which the University of Aberdeen 
rendered by her liberal spirit and wise toleration to the Churches we 
represent, and through them to the cause of Education. We say what is 
a matter of common knowledge when we state that whilst the English 
Universities were closed to all who did not belong to the English Church, 
the Northern were free to the whole nation ; and not only so, but, as we 
know from the Autobiography of the third Edmund Calamy, Aberdeen 
was forward to extend her hospitality to the men who were because of 
loyalty to conscience excluded from the Universities of England, and who 
yet retained the hunger, which has ever marked the men and the ministers 
of our race, for academic recognition and distinction. Nor can we forget 
the eminent men Aberdeen has trained for the ministry of our English 
Free Churches, like Robert Hall, who here received the impulse that made 
him famous alike in the pulpit and in literature. Nor were we true to 
ourselves or our traditions if we failed to remember still younger men 
some of us have known : like George MacDonald, poet, preacher and 
novelist; George Legge, great in both pulpit and in the pastorate; his 
brother, James Legge, the missionary, who never ceased to be loyal to the 
spirit of his people and the University where he was trained. He was, 


indeed, while a missionary, a forerunner in the interpretation of sacred 
books, who achieved the distinction as a scholar that assured him of a call to 
a Chair, which he by his occupancy made illustrious, in a famous sister 
University, which was not ashamed to borrow from the poverty of 
the North wealth that was to enrich its own rich name, and to make its 
green pastures still greener. Nor do the names of our illustrious dead 
exhaust our reasons for gratitude to this University. Some of the men 
our English Churches to-day most love and trust are graduates of 
Aberdeen ; but we may not allude by name to men who still live. 

The University that can reckon to its honour such men as these and 
their achievements has no need to be ashamed ; but may be assured of the 
deep veneration and love dwelling in hearts that have never known its 
sacred walls or looked through eyes upon the houses made famous by its 
distinguished sons. 

Robert Vaughan Pryce, M.A., LL.B., D.D. 

Charles Chapman, M.A., LL.D. 

David Worthington Simon, Ph.D., D.D. 

Owen Charles Whitehouse, M. A., D.D. (SeniorTheological Tutor). 

Peter Taylor P^orsyth, M.A., D.D., Hackney College, Hampstead. 

Walter F. Adeney, M.A., D.D. 

A. M. Fairbairn, M.A., D.D., LL.D., D.Litt., Principal, Mansfield 
College, Oxford. 

David Rowlands, B.A., Memorial College, Brecon. 

Lewis Probert, D.D., Indept. College, Bangor, N. Wales. 

D. L. Ritchie, Nottingham Institute. 

James M. Hodgson, M.A., D.Sc, D.D., Congregational Theological 
Hall, Edinburgh. 


\^Galway : Queen's College.'] 

VicC'Cancellario et Pracfecto 

et toti Uniuersitati Abcrdonensi CoIIegii 

Rcgii Galuiensis Pracses et Professorcs 

S. R D. 

ON mediocri nos adfecerunt gaudio acceptae Htterae 
'uestrae, uiri doctissimi illustrissimique, quibus nos 
certiores fecistis appropinquare laetissimos dies in 
quos Ferias Saeculares indixissetis, et benignissime 
inuitauistis ut legatum mitteremus qui celebritati 
uestrae interesset. Itaque Alexandrum ANDERSON, Praesidem nostrum, 
uirum clarissimum, ad uos mittimus, qui interpres uotorum nostrorum sit. 

Laetabitur, ut consentaneum est, tota litterarum respublica Uniuersi- 
tatem uestram illustrissimam, quattuor saeculis feliciter peractis, non solum 
florere adhuc, sed etiam augescere atque incrementum accipere. Ne 
sileant ergo gratulationes nostrae quoque Academiae, quae, in ultimis 
obeuntis solis partibus posita, ubi ipse finis Europae " longe resonante 
tunditur unda," litterarum doctrinaeque sanctum ignem pro sua parte 
fouet. Sincere et ex animo optamus ut quae uos usque ad hunc diem 
prosecuta est felicitas ea in perpetuum fruamini. Valete, 
Dedimus Galuiae Id. Sept, Anno Salutis MDCCCCVI. 

Alexr. Anderson, Edwd. Townsend, 

Coll. Resni. Galuiensis Praeses. Ab actis. 


\^Glasgoiv : Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons^] 

To the Right Honourable 

Lord Strathcona and Mount-Royal^ 

G.C.M.G., D.CX., LL.D., 

Chancellor of the University of Aberdeen. 

My Lord, 

The President and Fellows of the Faculty of Physicians and 
Surgeons of Glasgow have great pleasure in offering their hearty con- 
gratulations to the University of Aberdeen on the occasion of the cele- 
bration of the Quatercentenary Year of the existence of the University. 

It affords to the President and Fellows of the Faculty great pleasure 
and satisfaction in knowing that, during her long and honourable career, 
the University of Aberdeen has shed the benign influence of Learning and 
Science, not only on the North of Scotland, but on many other parts of 
the British Islands and their dependencies. 

The President and Fellows of the Faculty would further express their 
sincere desire that the University of Aberdeen may continue to maintain 
and extend its influence, and to enjoy prosperity and advancement in the 
future as it has done in the past. 

In name and on behalf of the Faculty, and sealed with the 

Corporate Seal this Twenty-fifth Day of September, One Thousand 

Nine hundred and Six Years. 

William Loudon Reid, 

Glasgow, 25th September, 1906. 



[Glasgow: United Free Church College i\ 

The Senatus of Glasgow College of the United Free Church of 
Scotland desire to offer to the University of Aberdeen their warm con- 
gratulations and good wishes. The four-hundredth anniversary of the 
founding of King's College and the opening of the new buildings of 
Marischal College mark a memorable date in the academic history of 
Scotland. They recall a long period during which the University